• K–12 education
School quality and resource allocation
Teacher labor markets
School capital finances
• State and local finance
Municipal bond markets
Bond and tax elections
School bond elections
Public sector wage structure
• Political and fiscal institutions
Tax limitation measures
Balanced budget rules
Senior Research Associate, Tax Policy Center, Urban Institute (2005-present). Visiting Fellow, Urban Institute (2004-2005). Research Fellow, Public Policy Institute of California (1996-2005). Visiting Lecturer, Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley (1998). Analyst, Cambridge Economics, Inc. (1991). Researcher, National Economic Research Associates (1988–1991).
Retention of New Teachers in California
Ph.D. (1997), economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. M.S. (1988), economics, London School of Economics and Political Science.
(co-authored with Deborah Reed and Elisa Barbour). Public Policy Institute of California,
“Infrastructure Financing in California” (co-authored
with Shelley de Alth) in Ellen Hanak and Mark Baldassare, ed., California 2025: Taking on
. Public Policy Institute of California, 2005, pp. 83–112.
Understanding Infrastructure Financing for California
(co-authored with Shelley de Alth). Public Policy Institute of California, Occasional Paper, 2005.
Fiscal Effects of Voter Approval Requirements on Local Governments
(co-authored with Pedro Cerdán). Public Policy Institute of California, 2003.
Financing New School Construction and Modernization: Evidence from California
(co-authored with Eric J. Brunner). Public Policy Institute of California, Occasional Paper, 2001.
“Teachers’ Salaries in California” (co-authored with Jane Leber Herr) in Jon
Sonstelie and Peter Richardson, eds., School
Finance and California’s Master Plan for Education
. Public Policy Institute
of California, 2001, pp. 81–101.
Equal Resources, Equal Outcomes? The Distribution of School Resources and Student Achievement in California
(co-authored with Julian R. Betts and Anne Danenberg). Public Policy Institute of California, 2000.
Fiscal Rules and State Borrowing Costs: Evidence from California and Other States
(co-authored with James M. Poterba). Public Policy Institute of California, 1999.
Other Selected Publications