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Results for "proposition 98"

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Racial Disparities in Traffic Stops

By Magnus Lofstrom, Joseph Hayes, Brandon Martin, Deepak Premkumar

Oct 21, 2022 ... Involves weapon, 361, 8, 6, 139, 98, 51, 59. Weapon used, 33, 2, 3, 11, 12, 0, 5. Total number of stops, 211,086, 17,777, 13,296, 56,215 ...

Fact Sheet

Financing California’s Public Schools

By Julien Lafortune, Joseph Herrera

Federal pandemic aid and increased state funding have contributed to record K–12 funding levels. In 2021–22, state, local, and federal funding for California K– ...


Storing Water for the Environment

By Sarah Null, Jeffrey Mount, Brian Gray, Kristen Dybala ...

“Technical Appendix C: Proposition 1 Water Storage Investment Program” by ... contributed to the loss of almost 98 percent of eggs and fry (Null et al.


Understanding the Effects of School Funding

By Julien Lafortune

In 1988, Proposition 98 set minimum state spending requirements for K–12 education; the state must spend roughly 40 percent of General Fund revenues in its ...


Police Use of Force and Misconduct in California

By Deepak Premkumar, Alexandria Gumbs, Shannon McConville, Renee Hsia

As recent PPIC research has shown, race-neutral policies such as Proposition 47 can lead to meaningful reductions in racial inequities in the criminal ...


Targeted K–12 Funding and Student Outcomes

By Julien Lafortune

The state's role in school funding subsequently grew: Proposition 13 (1978) imposed limits on property taxes, and state-funded “categorical” programs ...


Groundwater and Urban Growth in the San Joaquin Valley

By Andrew Ayres, Ellen Hanak, Henry McCann, David Mitchell ...

(27) Publicly owned water utilities in California face an additional constraint: Proposition 218, which restricts water-related fees to the costs of ...