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Silicon Valley's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs
AnnaLee Saxenian

June 1999

Full Report
[PDF, 216K]

Short Summary
[PDF, 36K]

Press Release

Immigration has always been an important policy issue for California,  However, researchers and policymakers have focused most of their attention on low-skilled immigrants.  This study focuses, instead, on the highly skilled immigrant entrepreneurs who are managing high-tech firms in Silicon Valley.  Chinese and Indian computer scientists and engineers were running one-quarter of the region's high-tech firms in 1998.  In that year alone, these firms accounted for nearly $17 billion in sales and over 58,000 jobs.