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Early Grade Retention and Student Success: Evidence from Los Angeles
Jill S. Cannon and Stephen Lipscomb

March 2011

Does repeating a grade help struggling students? Which students are more likely to be retained? This report finds that retention can be effective, at least in the short term: students who repeat the first or second grade can significantly improve their grade-level skills.

This report was supported with funding from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.