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Time Trends of All Adults from the PPIC Statewide Survey: Californians and Their Government, December 2018

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object(Timber\Post)#3726 (48) { ["ImageClass"]=> string(12) "Timber\Image" ["PostClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Post" ["TermClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Term" ["object_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["custom"]=> array(9) { ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(31) "time-trends-all-adults-1218.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "192696" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(27050) "PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY DECEMBER 2018 Californians and Their Government December 2018 Time Trends – All Respondents Methodology Note: Findings for December 2018 are based on a survey of 1,704 California adult residents, with 70 percent interviewed on cell phones (1,193 interviews) and 30 percent interviewed on landline telephones (511 interviews). Live landline and cell phone interviews were conducted in English and Spanish according to the respondents’ preferences. Interviews took an average of 18 minutes to complete. Interviewing took place on weekend days and weekday nights November 11-20, 2018. The sampling error for December 2018, taking design effects from weighting into consideration, is ±3.3 percent at the 95 percent confidence level for the total unweighted sample of 1,704 adults. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 3.3 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California were interviewed. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. If you have any questions or require additional information regarding this survey, please contact surveys@ppic.org PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Dec 2018 Nov 2018 Oct 2018 Sep 2018 Jul 2018 May 2018 Apr 2018 Mar 2018 Jan 2018 Dec 2017 Nov 2017 Sep 2017 Jul 2017 May 2017 Apr 2017 Mar 2017 Jan 2017 Dec 2016 Oct 2016 Sep 2016 Jul 2016 May 2016 Apr 2016 Mar 2016 Jan 2016 Dec 2015 Sep 2015 Jul 2015 Jun 2015 Apr 2015 Mar 2015 Jan 2015 Dec 2014 Oct 2014 Sep 2014 Jul 2014 May 2014 Apr 2014 Mar 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Sep 2013 Q2. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California? approve 51% 50% 48% 49% 52% 48% 52% 51% 56% 53% 55% 55% 53% 52% 49% 58% 62% 57% 55% 55% 54% 52% 54% 51% 58% 51% 52% 53% 52% 50% 55% 61% 54% 50% 51% 53% 50% 51% 49% 58% 47% 48% disapprove 31% 29% 31% 32% 29% 31% 30% 31% 29% 28% 27% 31% 27% 32% 30% 25% 24% 24% 24% 28% 27% 28% 26% 29% 26% 29% 29% 27% 27% 27% 28% 23% 28% 28% 28% 28% 30% 26% 28% 26% 28% 31% [VOL] don't know 18% 22% 20% 20% 19% 21% 18% 18% 15% 19% 18% 15% 20% 16% 21% 17% 13% 18% 21% 18% 20% 20% 19% 19% 16% 20% 19% 20% 21% 23% 17% 16% 18% 22% 21% 19% 20% 23% 23% 16% 25% 22% Unweighted n 1679 1686 1681 1690 1696 1690 1690 1695 1696 1696 1684 1722 1693 1693 1687 1686 1688 1695 1692 1691 1686 1691 1689 1693 1693 1677 1693 1678 1681 1693 1686 1694 1683 1685 1679 1684 1680 1682 1679 1689 1688 1686 Page 1 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Q2. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California? approve disapprove [VOL] don't know Jul 2013 48% 27% 26% May 2013 Apr 2013 48% 46% 31% 31% 21% 22% Mar 2013 Jan 2013 Dec 2012 49% 51% 48% 31% 28% 35% 20% 21% 17% Oct 2012 Sep 2012 Aug 2012 42% 41% 42% 37% 36% 35% 21% 23% 23% May 2012 Apr 2012 Mar 2012 39% 43% 40% 36% 32% 33% 24% 25% 27% Jan 2012 Dec 2011 46% 42% 31% 30% 23% 28% Nov 2011 Sep 2011 Jul 2011 44% 41% 42% 30% 28% 28% 26% 31% 29% Jun 2011 Apr 2011 Mar 2011 42% 40% 34% 24% 29% 24% 33% 31% 42% Feb 2011 Jan 2011 34% 41% 17% 19% 49% 39% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 2090 1687 1687 1686 1696 1985 1993 1986 2461 1989 1983 1984 1987 1982 2476 1985 2481 1990 2479 1984 2470 1969 Page 2 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Dec 2018 Nov 2018 Oct 2018 Sep 2018 Jul 2018 May 2018 Apr 2018 Mar 2018 Jan 2018 Dec 2017 Nov 2017 Sep 2017 Jul 2017 May 2017 Apr 2017 Mar 2017 Jan 2017 Dec 2016 Oct 2016 Sep 2016 Jul 2016 May 2016 Apr 2016 Mar 2016 Jan 2016 Dec 2015 Sep 2015 Jul 2015 Jun 2015 Apr 2015 Mar 2015 Jan 2015 Dec 2014 Oct 2014 Sep 2014 Jul 2014 May 2014 Apr 2014 Mar 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Sep 2013 Q3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? approve 47% 46% 45% 46% 46% 44% 46% 46% 51% 49% 48% 49% 50% 46% 49% 51% 57% 49% 46% 47% 45% 43% 48% 44% 46% 41% 45% 39% 37% 42% 45% 49% 41% 41% 37% 38% 40% 40% 36% 42% 38% 38% disapprove 39% 38% 37% 37% 38% 38% 40% 38% 33% 36% 36% 39% 34% 38% 36% 33% 30% 38% 33% 37% 40% 37% 38% 39% 39% 40% 38% 45% 43% 43% 39% 36% 42% 42% 42% 46% 44% 44% 45% 44% 43% 45% [VOL] don't know 15% 16% 18% 17% 15% 18% 14% 16% 16% 15% 16% 12% 17% 15% 15% 16% 13% 13% 20% 16% 15% 20% 14% 18% 15% 19% 17% 16% 20% 15% 16% 15% 17% 17% 20% 16% 16% 17% 19% 14% 19% 17% Unweighted n 1685 1694 1691 1690 1703 1692 1697 1690 1694 1697 1690 1726 1697 1691 1696 1685 1686 1697 1684 1690 1687 1690 1694 1692 1692 1678 1691 1688 1694 1695 1693 1689 1681 1686 1673 1683 1684 1693 1685 1698 1688 1693 Page 3 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Jul 2013 May 2013 Apr 2013 Mar 2013 Jan 2013 Dec 2012 Oct 2012 Sep 2012 Aug 2012 May 2012 Apr 2012 Mar 2012 Jan 2012 Dec 2011 Nov 2011 Sep 2011 Jul 2011 Jun 2011 Apr 2011 Mar 2011 Feb 2011 Jan 2011 Nov 2010 Oct 2010 Sep 2010 Jul 2010 May 2010 Apr 2010 Mar 2010 Jan 2010 Dec 2009 Nov 2009 Sep 2009 Jul 2009 May 2009 Apr 2009 Mar 2009 Feb 2009 Jan 2009 Nov 2008 Oct 2008 Sep 2008 Q3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? approve 36% 35% 31% 34% 41% 34% 28% 30% 29% 25% 25% 25% 28% 25% 25% 26% 23% 23% 21% 24% 24% 26% 14% 16% 16% 15% 16% 16% 14% 18% 17% 18% 21% 17% 21% 23% 18% 21% 21% 24% 25% 21% disapprove 45% 50% 53% 49% 42% 51% 55% 53% 54% 57% 58% 54% 56% 55% 55% 56% 59% 58% 60% 54% 52% 55% 72% 77% 75% 68% 72% 69% 72% 71% 70% 68% 68% 71% 65% 63% 68% 65% 67% 60% 63% 67% [VOL] don't know 19% 16% 15% 17% 17% 15% 17% 17% 17% 18% 16% 21% 16% 20% 19% 18% 18% 19% 19% 21% 24% 19% 14% 7% 9% 17% 12% 14% 14% 11% 13% 15% 11% 11% 14% 14% 14% 14% 12% 16% 12% 11% Unweighted n 2096 1697 1699 1689 1700 1992 1995 1989 2480 1990 1992 1989 1988 1987 2490 1998 2496 1998 2487 1982 2483 1990 2486 1989 1990 2487 1993 2493 1996 1989 2000 2491 1998 2484 1994 2493 1995 2494 1994 2482 1996 1990 Page 4 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Q3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? approve disapprove [VOL] don't know Aug 2008 26% 63% 11% May 2008 Apr 2008 26% 26% 57% 58% 17% 16% Mar 2008 Jan 2008 Dec 2007 30% 34% 41% 55% 53% 47% 15% 13% 12% Oct 2007 Sep 2007 Jun 2007 33% 34% 39% 50% 51% 40% 17% 15% 21% May 2007 Apr 2007 Mar 2007 37% 38% 41% 44% 44% 42% 19% 18% 17% Jan 2007 Oct 2006 40% 30% 44% 52% 15% 18% Sep 2006 Aug 2006 May 2006 34% 31% 26% 50% 53% 54% 16% 16% 20% Mar 2006 Jan 2006 Jan 2006 25% 29% 24% 59% 57% 54% 16% 14% 22% Oct 2005 Sep 2005 25% 32% 56% 53% 19% 15% Aug 2005 27% 56% 17% May 2005 Jan 2005 26% 37% 58% 50% 16% 13% Oct 2004 Sep 2004 Aug 2004 43% 40% 42% 41% 46% 45% 16% 14% 13% Jun 2004 May 2004 Jan 2004 40% 40% 36% 44% 43% 45% 16% 17% 19% Aug 2003 Jun 2003 28% 39% 58% 44% 14% 17% Feb 2003 Sep 2002 Jan 2002 36% 45% 49% 45% 36% 35% 19% 18% 16% Dec 2001 Jul 2001 Jan 2001 53% 45% 58% 29% 38% 27% 18% 18% 15% Sep 2000 56% 31% 12% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1991 1991 2495 1988 1988 1992 2490 1988 1987 1994 2483 1989 2006 1993 1994 1995 1988 1988 2000 2481 1993 1992 1993 1992 1993 2005 1988 1990 2498 1986 1981 1979 1976 1967 1967 1942 1952 1966 1960 1980 Page 5 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q5. Would you rather see Gavin Newsom as the next California governor generally continue Jerry Brown's policies or mostly change to different policies? continue Jerry Brown's policies change to different policies [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 35% 48% 17% Sep 2017 39% 47% 14% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1655 1723 Page 6 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Dec 2018 Sep 2018 Jan 2018 Dec 2017 Sep 2017 Mar 2017 Jan 2017 Oct 2016 Sep 2016 May 2016 Mar 2016 Jan 2016 Dec 2015 Sep 2015 Jun 2015 Mar 2015 Jan 2015 Dec 2014 Oct 2014 Sep 2014 May 2014 Mar 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Sep 2013 Jun 2013 May 2013 Mar 2013 Jan 2013 Dec 2012 Oct 2012 Sep 2012 May 2012 Mar 2012 Jan 2012 Dec 2011 Sep 2011 Jun 2011 Jun 2011 Mar 2011 Feb 2011 Jan 2011 Q6. Do you think things in California are GENERALLY going in the right direction or the wrong direction? right direction 54% 51% 57% 53% 54% 55% 58% 54% 52% 51% 50% 54% 51% 48% 45% 50% 57% 50% 47% 43% 45% 45% 53% 45% 43% 45% 46% 44% 51% 44% 39% 33% 30% 34% 37% 30% 30% 28% 29% 31% 34% 38% wrong direction 41% 43% 38% 41% 42% 39% 35% 39% 42% 43% 43% 41% 43% 46% 46% 41% 36% 42% 46% 48% 48% 48% 41% 46% 48% 42% 48% 48% 40% 50% 53% 60% 63% 56% 57% 61% 61% 60% 61% 59% 55% 54% [VOL] don't know 5% 6% 6% 6% 5% 6% 7% 7% 6% 6% 8% 5% 6% 6% 8% 8% 8% 8% 7% 8% 7% 7% 6% 8% 9% 13% 7% 8% 9% 6% 8% 7% 7% 10% 6% 9% 8% 12% 10% 11% 12% 8% Unweighted n 1688 1694 1700 1695 1732 1699 1695 1699 1697 1697 1700 1696 1690 1701 1694 1691 1699 1699 1690 1685 1693 1693 1697 1694 1697 2463 1692 1697 1701 1984 1998 1991 1990 1987 1988 1993 1993 2483 1993 1985 2486 1992 Page 7 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Oct 2010 Sep 2010 Jul 2010 May 2010 Mar 2010 Jan 2010 Dec 2009 Nov 2009 Sep 2009 Jul 2009 Jun 2009 May 2009 Mar 2009 Feb 2009 Jan 2009 Nov 2008 Oct 2008 Sep 2008 Aug 2008 Jun 2008 May 2008 Mar 2008 Jan 2008 Dec 2007 Sep 2007 Jun 2007 May 2007 Mar 2007 Jan 2007 Oct 2006 Sep 2006 Aug 2006 Jul 2006 May 2006 Mar 2006 Feb 2006 Jan 2006 Jan 2006 Oct 2005 Sep 2005 Aug 2005 Jul 2005 Q6. Do you think things in California are GENERALLY going in the right direction or the wrong direction? right direction 16% 20% 15% 18% 19% 19% 19% 17% 22% 14% 19% 24% 22% 18% 18% 23% 20% 21% 23% 22% 24% 26% 36% 36% 41% 44% 46% 45% 55% 44% 45% 42% 42% 35% 35% 32% 37% 29% 30% 31% 34% 38% wrong direction 73% 69% 79% 77% 76% 74% 75% 76% 72% 79% 70% 68% 71% 75% 75% 66% 71% 68% 68% 69% 65% 63% 54% 52% 50% 46% 46% 47% 37% 46% 45% 47% 47% 57% 56% 58% 56% 60% 60% 60% 57% 51% [VOL] don't know 12% 11% 6% 6% 4% 7% 6% 7% 6% 6% 11% 8% 7% 7% 7% 11% 10% 11% 9% 9% 11% 11% 10% 11% 9% 10% 8% 9% 8% 10% 10% 11% 11% 8% 9% 10% 7% 11% 10% 9% 9% 12% Unweighted n 1977 1981 2489 1996 1997 1993 1999 2488 2001 2493 2490 1997 1995 2494 1993 2493 1987 1999 1990 2484 1986 1992 1989 1991 1983 1981 1986 1986 2003 1991 1996 1993 2489 1997 1994 1990 1995 2492 1987 1991 1995 2488 Page 8 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Q6. Do you think things in California are GENERALLY going in the right direction or the wrong direction? right direction wrong direction [VOL] don't know May 2005 35% 57% 8% Apr 2005 Jan 2005 35% 46% 53% 41% 11% 13% Oct 2004 Sep 2004 Aug 2004 44% 47% 44% 44% 40% 42% 11% 13% 13% Jul 2004 Jun 2004 May 2004 43% 44% 43% 43% 44% 44% 14% 13% 14% Feb 2004 Jan 2004 Nov 2003 35% 43% 32% 51% 40% 52% 14% 17% 15% Oct 2003 Sep 2003 22% 24% 67% 67% 11% 9% Aug 2003 Jul 2003 Jun 2003 22% 31% 30% 66% 57% 57% 12% 12% 13% Feb 2003 Nov 2002 Oct 2002 28% 49% 46% 60% 41% 45% 11% 10% 10% Sep 2002 Aug 2002 54% 44% 37% 48% 9% 9% Feb 2002 56% 36% 9% Jan 2002 Dec 2001 59% 58% 32% 33% 9% 9% Nov 2001 Jul 2001 May 2001 60% 44% 44% 29% 47% 48% 11% 9% 8% Jan 2001 Oct 2000 Aug 2000 62% 59% 62% 29% 32% 30% 9% 9% 8% Feb 2000 Jan 2000 65% 66% 27% 26% 8% 8% Dec 1999 Sep 1999 Jan 1999 62% 61% 63% 31% 34% 28% 7% 5% 9% Oct 1998 Sep 1998 May 1998 62% 57% 56% 30% 34% 34% 8% 8% 9% Apr 1998 55% 36% 9% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1993 2491 1994 2003 1990 1985 2491 2484 1991 1970 1975 1984 1979 1971 1979 1978 1978 1967 1966 1960 1971 1971 2016 1942 1966 1966 1986 1981 1973 1978 1972 2021 1979 1985 1988 1964 1992 1995 1983 1972 Page 9 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Dec 2018 Oct 2018 Sep 2018 May 2018 Jan 2018 Sep 2017 Mar 2017 Jan 2017 Oct 2016 Sep 2016 May 2016 Mar 2016 Jan 2016 Dec 2015 Sep 2015 Jun 2015 Mar 2015 Jan 2015 Dec 2014 Oct 2014 Sep 2014 May 2014 Mar 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Sep 2013 Jun 2013 May 2013 Mar 2013 Jan 2013 Dec 2012 Oct 2012 Sep 2012 May 2012 Mar 2012 Jan 2012 Dec 2011 Sep 2011 Jun 2011 Jun 2011 Mar 2011 Q7. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? good times 46% 48% 53% 51% 56% 51% 51% 53% 47% 48% 50% 51% 49% 48% 48% 48% 52% 58% 52% 45% 44% 44% 46% 49% 43% 46% 46% 48% 44% 49% 41% 37% 33% 31% 34% 35% 31% 25% 26% 34% 30% bad times 45% 39% 37% 39% 35% 40% 40% 35% 38% 40% 39% 40% 43% 41% 42% 42% 38% 34% 39% 44% 45% 47% 45% 45% 48% 44% 42% 44% 49% 40% 50% 53% 57% 61% 56% 56% 60% 67% 63% 58% 61% [VOL] don't know 9% 12% 10% 10% 10% 9% 9% 12% 15% 12% 11% 9% 8% 11% 9% 10% 10% 8% 9% 11% 10% 9% 10% 6% 9% 10% 12% 8% 8% 11% 9% 11% 10% 8% 10% 9% 9% 8% 11% 8% 8% Unweighted n 1687 1693 1689 1694 1695 1728 1696 1691 1696 1693 1691 1695 1693 1689 1700 1695 1686 1691 1684 1694 1687 1689 1693 1692 1692 1694 2468 1685 1691 1695 1987 1995 1983 1986 1994 1988 1986 1993 2479 1995 1987 Page 10 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Feb 2011 Jan 2011 Oct 2010 Sep 2010 Jul 2010 May 2010 Mar 2010 Jan 2010 Dec 2009 Nov 2009 Sep 2009 Jul 2009 Jun 2009 May 2009 Mar 2009 Feb 2009 Jan 2009 Nov 2008 Oct 2008 Sep 2008 Aug 2008 Jul 2008 Jun 2008 May 2008 Mar 2008 Jan 2008 Dec 2007 Sep 2007 Jun 2007 May 2007 Mar 2007 Jan 2007 Oct 2006 Sep 2006 Aug 2006 Jul 2006 May 2006 Mar 2006 Feb 2006 Jan 2006 Jan 2006 Oct 2005 Q7. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? good times 34% 36% 25% 29% 25% 28% 27% 25% 28% 23% 26% 18% 24% 25% 22% 22% 18% 20% 18% 20% 21% 15% 15% 17% 16% 20% 25% 33% 40% 38% 40% 50% 50% 45% 43% 39% 37% 45% 42% 48% 41% 34% bad times 54% 56% 62% 59% 67% 65% 65% 67% 66% 69% 67% 75% 69% 67% 71% 73% 77% 71% 74% 68% 71% 78% 78% 73% 76% 72% 65% 59% 49% 50% 51% 39% 37% 43% 46% 46% 52% 43% 45% 42% 46% 56% [VOL] don't know 11% 7% 13% 12% 7% 8% 8% 8% 6% 8% 7% 7% 7% 8% 6% 6% 5% 10% 8% 11% 8% 6% 7% 10% 9% 9% 10% 8% 10% 12% 9% 11% 13% 12% 12% 15% 12% 12% 13% 11% 13% 10% Unweighted n 2481 1989 1971 1984 2487 1990 1991 1990 1995 2487 1996 2493 2498 1998 1999 2496 1998 2489 1995 1996 1995 2498 2495 1988 1998 1991 1993 1992 1987 1990 1989 2009 1994 1999 1993 2494 1994 1989 1995 1997 2487 1990 Page 11 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Q7. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? good times bad times [VOL] don't know Sep 2005 Aug 2005 Jul 2005 May 2005 Apr 2005 Jan 2005 Oct 2004 Sep 2004 Aug 2004 Jul 2004 Jun 2004 May 2004 Feb 2004 Jan 2004 Nov 2003 Oct 2003 Sep 2003 Aug 2003 Jul 2003 Jun 2003 Feb 2003 Nov 2002 Oct 2002 Sep 2002 Aug 2002 Feb 2002 Jan 2002 Dec 2001 Nov 2001 Jul 2001 May 2001 Jan 2001 Aug 2000 Feb 2000 Dec 1999 Sep 1999 32% 38% 42% 39% 38% 47% 42% 46% 45% 48% 41% 42% 43% 49% 39% 36% 32% 30% 34% 32% 20% 44% 38% 43% 39% 46% 48% 37% 33% 41% 38% 51% 72% 78% 76% 72% 58% 51% 43% 49% 51% 39% 43% 40% 40% 40% 46% 44% 44% 36% 47% 43% 50% 53% 55% 58% 71% 46% 51% 46% 51% 47% 46% 56% 59% 50% 56% 38% 21% 15% 19% 23% 10% 11% 15% 12% 11% 13% 14% 14% 15% 12% 13% 14% 13% 15% 14% 22% 18% 17% 10% 10% 10% 10% 12% 10% 10% 7% 6% 7% 9% 9% 6% 11% 7% 7% 6% 5% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1993 1994 2489 1990 2492 1992 2007 1990 1989 2488 2479 1991 1974 1983 1985 1965 1959 1967 1977 1972 1978 1964 1960 1976 1976 2021 1950 1969 1970 1983 1984 1975 1970 2028 1992 1997 Page 12 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q8. Some people think that California is divided into economic groups, the haves and have-nots, while others think it is not divided that way. Do you think that California is divided into haves and have-nots? divided into haves and have-nots not divided that way [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 67% 30% 3% Dec 2015 67% 29% 5% Dec 2014 68% 28% 4% Dec 2013 66% 30% 4% Dec 2011 63% 34% 4% Sep 2002 61% 34% 5% Jan 1999 56% 41% 3% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1687 1690 1686 1693 1994 1968 1969 Page 13 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q9. If you had to choose, which of these groups are you in - the haves or have-nots? haves have-nots [VOL] neither Dec 2018 40% 45% 9% Dec 2015 40% 44% 12% Dec 2014 40% 46% 9% Dec 2013 40% 45% 9% Dec 2011 39% 48% 8% Sep 2002 60% 32% 0% Jan 1999 57% 35% 0% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding [VOL] don't know 6% 5% 5% 5% 4% 8% 8% Unweighted n 1669 1676 1670 1671 1982 1948 1950 Page 14 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q10. Do you think that in California today [ROTATE] [1] all people have an equal opportunity to get ahead, or [2] the government should do more to make sure that all Californians have an equal opportunity to get ahead. people have equal opportunity government should do more [VOL] both Dec 2018 41% 53% 1% Dec 2015 42% 51% 2% Dec 2014 41% 52% 1% Dec 2013 43% 49% 1% Dec 2011 37% 54% 2% Sep 2002 52% 43% 1% Jan 1999 52% 45% 0% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding [VOL] neither 2% 3% 3% 4% 4% 2% 0% [VOL] don't know 3% 2% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% Unweighted n 1686 1689 1690 1683 1991 1967 1958 Page 15 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q12. Overall, do you think that in 2025 California will be a better place to live than it is now or a worse place to live than it is now or will there be no change? better place worse place no change Dec 2018 40% 32% 23% Dec 2014 Dec 2012 37% 42% 28% 28% 29% 23% Aug 2006 Jun 2004 24% 25% 46% 49% 24% 20% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding [VOL] don't know 5% 6% 8% 6% 6% Unweighted n 1697 1690 1990 2000 2499 Page 16 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q13. When children today in California grow up, do you think they will be better off or worse off financially than their parents? better off worse off [VOL] same Dec 2018 40% 50% 2% Dec 2014 37% 55% 3% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding [VOL] don't know 8% 5% Unweighted n 1691 1687 Page 17 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q15. In general, which of the following statements do you agree with more... higher taxes and more services lower taxes and fewer services [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 51% 45% 5% Sep 2018 50% 44% 6% Jan 2017 52% 43% 5% Dec 2015 48% 45% 7% Dec 2014 50% 44% 6% Sep 2014 47% 46% 6% Jan 2014 51% 44% 5% May 2013 48% 44% 8% Dec 2012 55% 40% 6% May 2012 58% 37% 5% Jan 2012 51% 41% 8% Jan 2011 49% 46% 4% Mar 2010 46% 45% 9% Sep 2009 51% 39% 10% May 2009 48% 43% 9% Jan 2009 51% 42% 7% May 2008 49% 43% 8% Jan 2008 46% 45% 9% May 2007 52% 39% 9% Jan 2007 53% 40% 8% May 2006 55% 38% 7% Jan 2006 61% 31% 8% May 2005 46% 46% 8% Jan 2005 49% 44% 7% May 2004 51% 42% 8% Jan 2004 43% 48% 9% Sep 2003 43% 47% 10% Jun 2003 49% 45% 6% Feb 2003 49% 45% 6% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1660 1666 1678 1665 1660 1666 1666 1653 1953 1965 1971 1965 1958 1951 1973 1979 1964 1955 1946 1977 1984 1978 1974 1973 1976 1957 1941 1952 1940 Page 18 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q16. Overall, do you think the state and local tax system is in need of major changes, minor changes, or do you think it is fine the way it is? major changes minor changes fine the way it is Dec 2018 49% 27% 19% Mar 2017 Jun 2015 42% 49% 37% 32% 18% 15% Mar 2015 Dec 2014 Mar 2014 47% 44% 51% 31% 38% 30% 18% 16% 14% Sep 2011 Jan 2011 Jan 2010 62% 58% 56% 24% 26% 28% 10% 14% 13% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding [VOL] don't know 5% 3% 4% 4% 2% 4% 4% 3% 4% Unweighted n 1698 1702 1700 1701 1697 1698 1995 2001 1999 Page 19 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q21. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Donald Trump is handling his job as president? approve disapprove [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 32% 63% 5% Oct 2018 Sep 2018 29% 30% 64% 66% 7% 5% Jul 2018 May 2018 Mar 2018 29% 30% 30% 66% 63% 65% 5% 7% 5% Jan 2018 Dec 2017 Sep 2017 26% 28% 27% 71% 68% 69% 3% 5% 4% Jul 2017 May 2017 Mar 2017 25% 27% 31% 71% 67% 61% 4% 6% 7% Jan 2017 30% 58% 12% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1678 1685 1689 1689 1682 1688 1695 1687 1721 1696 1690 1685 1678 Page 20 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Dec 2018 Oct 2018 Sep 2018 Jul 2018 May 2018 Mar 2018 Jan 2018 Dec 2017 Sep 2017 Jul 2017 May 2017 Mar 2017 Jan 2017 Oct 2016 Sep 2016 Jul 2016 May 2016 Mar 2016 Jan 2016 Dec 2015 Sep 2015 Jul 2015 Jun 2015 Mar 2015 Jan 2015 Oct 2014 Sep 2014 Jul 2014 May 2014 Mar 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Sep 2013 Jul 2013 May 2013 Mar 2013 Jan 2013 Oct 2012 Sep 2012 Aug 2012 May 2012 Mar 2012 Jan 2012 Q22. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is handling its job? approve 29% 25% 28% 20% 24% 29% 21% 22% 24% 24% 26% 36% 33% 31% 29% 28% 28% 24% 32% 26% 32% 29% 27% 24% 38% 24% 24% 22% 24% 19% 26% 18% 28% 30% 31% 29% 34% 26% 27% 27% 22% 24% 25% disapprove 62% 64% 61% 71% 66% 65% 72% 70% 70% 68% 66% 55% 58% 59% 65% 66% 67% 70% 63% 67% 62% 63% 68% 69% 55% 68% 66% 72% 69% 74% 69% 76% 65% 62% 62% 67% 59% 67% 67% 66% 69% 68% 69% [VOL] don't know 9% 11% 10% 9% 10% 6% 7% 8% 6% 8% 8% 9% 9% 10% 6% 6% 6% 6% 5% 7% 7% 9% 5% 7% 7% 8% 10% 6% 7% 7% 5% 6% 8% 7% 6% 4% 7% 7% 7% 7% 8% 8% 5% Unweighted n 1686 1689 1694 1697 1684 1697 1698 1700 1726 1702 1695 1692 1689 1703 1699 1696 1696 1706 1694 1697 1702 1690 1701 1694 1700 1689 1682 1690 1697 1695 1702 1693 1682 2092 1696 1696 1700 2000 1989 2485 1993 1992 1993 Page 21 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Q22. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is handling its job? approve disapprove [VOL] don't know Dec 2011 20% 75% 5% Sep 2011 Jul 2011 27% 25% 64% 65% 9% 10% Mar 2011 Oct 2010 Sep 2010 30% 31% 26% 58% 64% 66% 12% 5% 8% May 2010 Mar 2010 Jan 2010 31% 24% 36% 61% 68% 55% 8% 8% 9% Dec 2009 Sep 2009 May 2009 38% 39% 47% 54% 54% 43% 8% 7% 10% Mar 2009 Jan 2009 43% 37% 47% 56% 10% 7% Oct 2008 Sep 2008 Aug 2008 23% 29% 27% 71% 63% 64% 6% 9% 9% Mar 2008 Dec 2007 Sep 2007 33% 31% 33% 55% 62% 57% 12% 7% 10% Jun 2007 Jan 2007 33% 42% 54% 44% 13% 13% Sep 2006 Mar 2006 Oct 2005 37% 35% 42% 54% 54% 46% 9% 11% 11% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1988 1996 2495 1988 1988 1990 1997 1992 1991 1994 2000 1998 1993 1997 1993 1991 1990 1992 1992 1990 1989 2006 1994 1992 1996 Page 22 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q24. How much confidence do you have in President Trump to make the right decisions for the country's future - a great deal of confidence, a good amount, just some, or none at all? great deal of confidence a good amount just some Dec 2018 14% 13% 24% Jan 2017 15% 13% 26% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding none at all 48% 45% [VOL] don't know 1% 2% Unweighted n 1690 1690 Page 23 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q27. Please indicate which statement comes closest to your own view - even if neither is exactly right? immigrants are a benefit to California immigrants are a burden to California [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 72% 23% 5% May 2018 Sep 2017 74% 76% 20% 20% 6% 3% Jan 2016 Sep 2015 Jan 2015 68% 65% 63% 27% 28% 32% 5% 7% 6% Sep 2014 Mar 2014 May 2013 61% 65% 61% 32% 27% 33% 7% 7% 6% Jan 2013 Mar 2012 Sep 2010 63% 58% 54% 31% 35% 39% 6% 8% 7% Mar 2010 Sep 2009 54% 58% 39% 35% 7% 7% Aug 2008 Mar 2008 Dec 2007 58% 59% 61% 36% 34% 32% 7% 7% 6% Jun 2007 Mar 2007 Sep 2006 60% 60% 58% 32% 33% 35% 8% 7% 7% Sep 2005 Feb 2004 Dec 2001 56% 56% 54% 36% 35% 36% 7% 9% 10% Feb 2000 Apr 1998 54% 46% 34% 42% 11% 12% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1655 1661 1709 1670 1681 1673 1666 1671 1678 1683 1966 1959 1968 1970 1970 1974 1976 1973 1977 1982 1980 1954 1952 2006 1958 Page 24 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q28. Which comes closer to your view about how to handle undocumented immigrants who are living in the US... ? allowed to stay legally not allowed to stay legally [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 84% 14% 1% May 2018 85% 13% 2% Dec 2017 86% 12% 2% Jan 2017 85% 13% 2% Sep 2016 83% 15% 2% May 2016 83% 14% 2% Jan 2016 82% 17% 1% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1687 1684 1698 1689 1689 1692 1690 Page 25 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q31. Please indicate which statement comes closest to your own view, even if neither is exactly right. [ROTATE] [1] Government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest; [OR] [2] Government regulation of business does more harm than good. government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest government regulation of business does more harm than good [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 58% 35% 7% Mar 2017 Mar 2016 Mar 2012 56% 60% 48% 37% 34% 43% 7% 6% 8% Aug 2008 Sep 2004 57% 54% 34% 42% 9% 5% Feb 2000 May 1998 46% 53% 49% 43% 5% 3% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1688 1688 1700 1992 1987 1995 2026 2004 Page 26 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q32. Please indicate which statement comes closest to your own view, even if neither is exactly right. [ROTATE] [1] Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy [OR] [2] Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost. stricter environment al laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy stricter environment al laws and regulations are worth the cost [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 33% 59% 8% Mar 2017 37% 54% 9% Mar 2014 38% 55% 7% Mar 2012 45% 47% 8% Feb 2004 32% 60% 9% Jun 2002 30% 64% 5% Feb 2002 35% 59% 6% Jun 2000 37% 57% 6% Jan 2000 31% 64% 5% May 1998 36% 58% 5% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1681 1691 1687 1992 1973 1964 2021 1957 1980 1999 Page 27" ["_edit_lock"]=> string(13) "1628062042:22" ["_wpmf_gallery_custom_image_link"]=> string(0) "" ["_gallery_link_target"]=> string(0) "" ["wpmf_pdf_embed"]=> string(4) "link" } ["___content":protected]=> string(219) "

Time Trends of All Adults from the PPIC Statewide Survey: Californians and Their Government, December 2018

" ["_permalink":protected]=> string(41) "https://www.ppic.org/?attachment_id=17647" ["_next":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_prev":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_css_class":protected]=> NULL ["id"]=> int(17647) ["ID"]=> int(17647) ["post_author"]=> string(1) "4" ["post_content"]=> string(0) "" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2018-12-12 20:33:14" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(17631) ["post_status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["post_title"]=> string(106) "Time Trends of All Adults from the PPIC Statewide Survey: Californians and Their Government, December 2018" ["post_type"]=> string(10) "attachment" ["slug"]=> string(27) "time-trends-all-adults-1218" ["__type":protected]=> NULL ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(31) "time-trends-all-adults-1218.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "192696" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(27050) "PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY DECEMBER 2018 Californians and Their Government December 2018 Time Trends – All Respondents Methodology Note: Findings for December 2018 are based on a survey of 1,704 California adult residents, with 70 percent interviewed on cell phones (1,193 interviews) and 30 percent interviewed on landline telephones (511 interviews). Live landline and cell phone interviews were conducted in English and Spanish according to the respondents’ preferences. Interviews took an average of 18 minutes to complete. Interviewing took place on weekend days and weekday nights November 11-20, 2018. The sampling error for December 2018, taking design effects from weighting into consideration, is ±3.3 percent at the 95 percent confidence level for the total unweighted sample of 1,704 adults. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 3.3 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California were interviewed. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. If you have any questions or require additional information regarding this survey, please contact surveys@ppic.org PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Dec 2018 Nov 2018 Oct 2018 Sep 2018 Jul 2018 May 2018 Apr 2018 Mar 2018 Jan 2018 Dec 2017 Nov 2017 Sep 2017 Jul 2017 May 2017 Apr 2017 Mar 2017 Jan 2017 Dec 2016 Oct 2016 Sep 2016 Jul 2016 May 2016 Apr 2016 Mar 2016 Jan 2016 Dec 2015 Sep 2015 Jul 2015 Jun 2015 Apr 2015 Mar 2015 Jan 2015 Dec 2014 Oct 2014 Sep 2014 Jul 2014 May 2014 Apr 2014 Mar 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Sep 2013 Q2. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California? approve 51% 50% 48% 49% 52% 48% 52% 51% 56% 53% 55% 55% 53% 52% 49% 58% 62% 57% 55% 55% 54% 52% 54% 51% 58% 51% 52% 53% 52% 50% 55% 61% 54% 50% 51% 53% 50% 51% 49% 58% 47% 48% disapprove 31% 29% 31% 32% 29% 31% 30% 31% 29% 28% 27% 31% 27% 32% 30% 25% 24% 24% 24% 28% 27% 28% 26% 29% 26% 29% 29% 27% 27% 27% 28% 23% 28% 28% 28% 28% 30% 26% 28% 26% 28% 31% [VOL] don't know 18% 22% 20% 20% 19% 21% 18% 18% 15% 19% 18% 15% 20% 16% 21% 17% 13% 18% 21% 18% 20% 20% 19% 19% 16% 20% 19% 20% 21% 23% 17% 16% 18% 22% 21% 19% 20% 23% 23% 16% 25% 22% Unweighted n 1679 1686 1681 1690 1696 1690 1690 1695 1696 1696 1684 1722 1693 1693 1687 1686 1688 1695 1692 1691 1686 1691 1689 1693 1693 1677 1693 1678 1681 1693 1686 1694 1683 1685 1679 1684 1680 1682 1679 1689 1688 1686 Page 1 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Q2. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California? approve disapprove [VOL] don't know Jul 2013 48% 27% 26% May 2013 Apr 2013 48% 46% 31% 31% 21% 22% Mar 2013 Jan 2013 Dec 2012 49% 51% 48% 31% 28% 35% 20% 21% 17% Oct 2012 Sep 2012 Aug 2012 42% 41% 42% 37% 36% 35% 21% 23% 23% May 2012 Apr 2012 Mar 2012 39% 43% 40% 36% 32% 33% 24% 25% 27% Jan 2012 Dec 2011 46% 42% 31% 30% 23% 28% Nov 2011 Sep 2011 Jul 2011 44% 41% 42% 30% 28% 28% 26% 31% 29% Jun 2011 Apr 2011 Mar 2011 42% 40% 34% 24% 29% 24% 33% 31% 42% Feb 2011 Jan 2011 34% 41% 17% 19% 49% 39% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 2090 1687 1687 1686 1696 1985 1993 1986 2461 1989 1983 1984 1987 1982 2476 1985 2481 1990 2479 1984 2470 1969 Page 2 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Dec 2018 Nov 2018 Oct 2018 Sep 2018 Jul 2018 May 2018 Apr 2018 Mar 2018 Jan 2018 Dec 2017 Nov 2017 Sep 2017 Jul 2017 May 2017 Apr 2017 Mar 2017 Jan 2017 Dec 2016 Oct 2016 Sep 2016 Jul 2016 May 2016 Apr 2016 Mar 2016 Jan 2016 Dec 2015 Sep 2015 Jul 2015 Jun 2015 Apr 2015 Mar 2015 Jan 2015 Dec 2014 Oct 2014 Sep 2014 Jul 2014 May 2014 Apr 2014 Mar 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Sep 2013 Q3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? approve 47% 46% 45% 46% 46% 44% 46% 46% 51% 49% 48% 49% 50% 46% 49% 51% 57% 49% 46% 47% 45% 43% 48% 44% 46% 41% 45% 39% 37% 42% 45% 49% 41% 41% 37% 38% 40% 40% 36% 42% 38% 38% disapprove 39% 38% 37% 37% 38% 38% 40% 38% 33% 36% 36% 39% 34% 38% 36% 33% 30% 38% 33% 37% 40% 37% 38% 39% 39% 40% 38% 45% 43% 43% 39% 36% 42% 42% 42% 46% 44% 44% 45% 44% 43% 45% [VOL] don't know 15% 16% 18% 17% 15% 18% 14% 16% 16% 15% 16% 12% 17% 15% 15% 16% 13% 13% 20% 16% 15% 20% 14% 18% 15% 19% 17% 16% 20% 15% 16% 15% 17% 17% 20% 16% 16% 17% 19% 14% 19% 17% Unweighted n 1685 1694 1691 1690 1703 1692 1697 1690 1694 1697 1690 1726 1697 1691 1696 1685 1686 1697 1684 1690 1687 1690 1694 1692 1692 1678 1691 1688 1694 1695 1693 1689 1681 1686 1673 1683 1684 1693 1685 1698 1688 1693 Page 3 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Jul 2013 May 2013 Apr 2013 Mar 2013 Jan 2013 Dec 2012 Oct 2012 Sep 2012 Aug 2012 May 2012 Apr 2012 Mar 2012 Jan 2012 Dec 2011 Nov 2011 Sep 2011 Jul 2011 Jun 2011 Apr 2011 Mar 2011 Feb 2011 Jan 2011 Nov 2010 Oct 2010 Sep 2010 Jul 2010 May 2010 Apr 2010 Mar 2010 Jan 2010 Dec 2009 Nov 2009 Sep 2009 Jul 2009 May 2009 Apr 2009 Mar 2009 Feb 2009 Jan 2009 Nov 2008 Oct 2008 Sep 2008 Q3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? approve 36% 35% 31% 34% 41% 34% 28% 30% 29% 25% 25% 25% 28% 25% 25% 26% 23% 23% 21% 24% 24% 26% 14% 16% 16% 15% 16% 16% 14% 18% 17% 18% 21% 17% 21% 23% 18% 21% 21% 24% 25% 21% disapprove 45% 50% 53% 49% 42% 51% 55% 53% 54% 57% 58% 54% 56% 55% 55% 56% 59% 58% 60% 54% 52% 55% 72% 77% 75% 68% 72% 69% 72% 71% 70% 68% 68% 71% 65% 63% 68% 65% 67% 60% 63% 67% [VOL] don't know 19% 16% 15% 17% 17% 15% 17% 17% 17% 18% 16% 21% 16% 20% 19% 18% 18% 19% 19% 21% 24% 19% 14% 7% 9% 17% 12% 14% 14% 11% 13% 15% 11% 11% 14% 14% 14% 14% 12% 16% 12% 11% Unweighted n 2096 1697 1699 1689 1700 1992 1995 1989 2480 1990 1992 1989 1988 1987 2490 1998 2496 1998 2487 1982 2483 1990 2486 1989 1990 2487 1993 2493 1996 1989 2000 2491 1998 2484 1994 2493 1995 2494 1994 2482 1996 1990 Page 4 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Q3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? approve disapprove [VOL] don't know Aug 2008 26% 63% 11% May 2008 Apr 2008 26% 26% 57% 58% 17% 16% Mar 2008 Jan 2008 Dec 2007 30% 34% 41% 55% 53% 47% 15% 13% 12% Oct 2007 Sep 2007 Jun 2007 33% 34% 39% 50% 51% 40% 17% 15% 21% May 2007 Apr 2007 Mar 2007 37% 38% 41% 44% 44% 42% 19% 18% 17% Jan 2007 Oct 2006 40% 30% 44% 52% 15% 18% Sep 2006 Aug 2006 May 2006 34% 31% 26% 50% 53% 54% 16% 16% 20% Mar 2006 Jan 2006 Jan 2006 25% 29% 24% 59% 57% 54% 16% 14% 22% Oct 2005 Sep 2005 25% 32% 56% 53% 19% 15% Aug 2005 27% 56% 17% May 2005 Jan 2005 26% 37% 58% 50% 16% 13% Oct 2004 Sep 2004 Aug 2004 43% 40% 42% 41% 46% 45% 16% 14% 13% Jun 2004 May 2004 Jan 2004 40% 40% 36% 44% 43% 45% 16% 17% 19% Aug 2003 Jun 2003 28% 39% 58% 44% 14% 17% Feb 2003 Sep 2002 Jan 2002 36% 45% 49% 45% 36% 35% 19% 18% 16% Dec 2001 Jul 2001 Jan 2001 53% 45% 58% 29% 38% 27% 18% 18% 15% Sep 2000 56% 31% 12% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1991 1991 2495 1988 1988 1992 2490 1988 1987 1994 2483 1989 2006 1993 1994 1995 1988 1988 2000 2481 1993 1992 1993 1992 1993 2005 1988 1990 2498 1986 1981 1979 1976 1967 1967 1942 1952 1966 1960 1980 Page 5 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q5. Would you rather see Gavin Newsom as the next California governor generally continue Jerry Brown's policies or mostly change to different policies? continue Jerry Brown's policies change to different policies [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 35% 48% 17% Sep 2017 39% 47% 14% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1655 1723 Page 6 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Dec 2018 Sep 2018 Jan 2018 Dec 2017 Sep 2017 Mar 2017 Jan 2017 Oct 2016 Sep 2016 May 2016 Mar 2016 Jan 2016 Dec 2015 Sep 2015 Jun 2015 Mar 2015 Jan 2015 Dec 2014 Oct 2014 Sep 2014 May 2014 Mar 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Sep 2013 Jun 2013 May 2013 Mar 2013 Jan 2013 Dec 2012 Oct 2012 Sep 2012 May 2012 Mar 2012 Jan 2012 Dec 2011 Sep 2011 Jun 2011 Jun 2011 Mar 2011 Feb 2011 Jan 2011 Q6. Do you think things in California are GENERALLY going in the right direction or the wrong direction? right direction 54% 51% 57% 53% 54% 55% 58% 54% 52% 51% 50% 54% 51% 48% 45% 50% 57% 50% 47% 43% 45% 45% 53% 45% 43% 45% 46% 44% 51% 44% 39% 33% 30% 34% 37% 30% 30% 28% 29% 31% 34% 38% wrong direction 41% 43% 38% 41% 42% 39% 35% 39% 42% 43% 43% 41% 43% 46% 46% 41% 36% 42% 46% 48% 48% 48% 41% 46% 48% 42% 48% 48% 40% 50% 53% 60% 63% 56% 57% 61% 61% 60% 61% 59% 55% 54% [VOL] don't know 5% 6% 6% 6% 5% 6% 7% 7% 6% 6% 8% 5% 6% 6% 8% 8% 8% 8% 7% 8% 7% 7% 6% 8% 9% 13% 7% 8% 9% 6% 8% 7% 7% 10% 6% 9% 8% 12% 10% 11% 12% 8% Unweighted n 1688 1694 1700 1695 1732 1699 1695 1699 1697 1697 1700 1696 1690 1701 1694 1691 1699 1699 1690 1685 1693 1693 1697 1694 1697 2463 1692 1697 1701 1984 1998 1991 1990 1987 1988 1993 1993 2483 1993 1985 2486 1992 Page 7 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Oct 2010 Sep 2010 Jul 2010 May 2010 Mar 2010 Jan 2010 Dec 2009 Nov 2009 Sep 2009 Jul 2009 Jun 2009 May 2009 Mar 2009 Feb 2009 Jan 2009 Nov 2008 Oct 2008 Sep 2008 Aug 2008 Jun 2008 May 2008 Mar 2008 Jan 2008 Dec 2007 Sep 2007 Jun 2007 May 2007 Mar 2007 Jan 2007 Oct 2006 Sep 2006 Aug 2006 Jul 2006 May 2006 Mar 2006 Feb 2006 Jan 2006 Jan 2006 Oct 2005 Sep 2005 Aug 2005 Jul 2005 Q6. Do you think things in California are GENERALLY going in the right direction or the wrong direction? right direction 16% 20% 15% 18% 19% 19% 19% 17% 22% 14% 19% 24% 22% 18% 18% 23% 20% 21% 23% 22% 24% 26% 36% 36% 41% 44% 46% 45% 55% 44% 45% 42% 42% 35% 35% 32% 37% 29% 30% 31% 34% 38% wrong direction 73% 69% 79% 77% 76% 74% 75% 76% 72% 79% 70% 68% 71% 75% 75% 66% 71% 68% 68% 69% 65% 63% 54% 52% 50% 46% 46% 47% 37% 46% 45% 47% 47% 57% 56% 58% 56% 60% 60% 60% 57% 51% [VOL] don't know 12% 11% 6% 6% 4% 7% 6% 7% 6% 6% 11% 8% 7% 7% 7% 11% 10% 11% 9% 9% 11% 11% 10% 11% 9% 10% 8% 9% 8% 10% 10% 11% 11% 8% 9% 10% 7% 11% 10% 9% 9% 12% Unweighted n 1977 1981 2489 1996 1997 1993 1999 2488 2001 2493 2490 1997 1995 2494 1993 2493 1987 1999 1990 2484 1986 1992 1989 1991 1983 1981 1986 1986 2003 1991 1996 1993 2489 1997 1994 1990 1995 2492 1987 1991 1995 2488 Page 8 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Q6. Do you think things in California are GENERALLY going in the right direction or the wrong direction? right direction wrong direction [VOL] don't know May 2005 35% 57% 8% Apr 2005 Jan 2005 35% 46% 53% 41% 11% 13% Oct 2004 Sep 2004 Aug 2004 44% 47% 44% 44% 40% 42% 11% 13% 13% Jul 2004 Jun 2004 May 2004 43% 44% 43% 43% 44% 44% 14% 13% 14% Feb 2004 Jan 2004 Nov 2003 35% 43% 32% 51% 40% 52% 14% 17% 15% Oct 2003 Sep 2003 22% 24% 67% 67% 11% 9% Aug 2003 Jul 2003 Jun 2003 22% 31% 30% 66% 57% 57% 12% 12% 13% Feb 2003 Nov 2002 Oct 2002 28% 49% 46% 60% 41% 45% 11% 10% 10% Sep 2002 Aug 2002 54% 44% 37% 48% 9% 9% Feb 2002 56% 36% 9% Jan 2002 Dec 2001 59% 58% 32% 33% 9% 9% Nov 2001 Jul 2001 May 2001 60% 44% 44% 29% 47% 48% 11% 9% 8% Jan 2001 Oct 2000 Aug 2000 62% 59% 62% 29% 32% 30% 9% 9% 8% Feb 2000 Jan 2000 65% 66% 27% 26% 8% 8% Dec 1999 Sep 1999 Jan 1999 62% 61% 63% 31% 34% 28% 7% 5% 9% Oct 1998 Sep 1998 May 1998 62% 57% 56% 30% 34% 34% 8% 8% 9% Apr 1998 55% 36% 9% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1993 2491 1994 2003 1990 1985 2491 2484 1991 1970 1975 1984 1979 1971 1979 1978 1978 1967 1966 1960 1971 1971 2016 1942 1966 1966 1986 1981 1973 1978 1972 2021 1979 1985 1988 1964 1992 1995 1983 1972 Page 9 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Dec 2018 Oct 2018 Sep 2018 May 2018 Jan 2018 Sep 2017 Mar 2017 Jan 2017 Oct 2016 Sep 2016 May 2016 Mar 2016 Jan 2016 Dec 2015 Sep 2015 Jun 2015 Mar 2015 Jan 2015 Dec 2014 Oct 2014 Sep 2014 May 2014 Mar 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Sep 2013 Jun 2013 May 2013 Mar 2013 Jan 2013 Dec 2012 Oct 2012 Sep 2012 May 2012 Mar 2012 Jan 2012 Dec 2011 Sep 2011 Jun 2011 Jun 2011 Mar 2011 Q7. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? good times 46% 48% 53% 51% 56% 51% 51% 53% 47% 48% 50% 51% 49% 48% 48% 48% 52% 58% 52% 45% 44% 44% 46% 49% 43% 46% 46% 48% 44% 49% 41% 37% 33% 31% 34% 35% 31% 25% 26% 34% 30% bad times 45% 39% 37% 39% 35% 40% 40% 35% 38% 40% 39% 40% 43% 41% 42% 42% 38% 34% 39% 44% 45% 47% 45% 45% 48% 44% 42% 44% 49% 40% 50% 53% 57% 61% 56% 56% 60% 67% 63% 58% 61% [VOL] don't know 9% 12% 10% 10% 10% 9% 9% 12% 15% 12% 11% 9% 8% 11% 9% 10% 10% 8% 9% 11% 10% 9% 10% 6% 9% 10% 12% 8% 8% 11% 9% 11% 10% 8% 10% 9% 9% 8% 11% 8% 8% Unweighted n 1687 1693 1689 1694 1695 1728 1696 1691 1696 1693 1691 1695 1693 1689 1700 1695 1686 1691 1684 1694 1687 1689 1693 1692 1692 1694 2468 1685 1691 1695 1987 1995 1983 1986 1994 1988 1986 1993 2479 1995 1987 Page 10 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Feb 2011 Jan 2011 Oct 2010 Sep 2010 Jul 2010 May 2010 Mar 2010 Jan 2010 Dec 2009 Nov 2009 Sep 2009 Jul 2009 Jun 2009 May 2009 Mar 2009 Feb 2009 Jan 2009 Nov 2008 Oct 2008 Sep 2008 Aug 2008 Jul 2008 Jun 2008 May 2008 Mar 2008 Jan 2008 Dec 2007 Sep 2007 Jun 2007 May 2007 Mar 2007 Jan 2007 Oct 2006 Sep 2006 Aug 2006 Jul 2006 May 2006 Mar 2006 Feb 2006 Jan 2006 Jan 2006 Oct 2005 Q7. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? good times 34% 36% 25% 29% 25% 28% 27% 25% 28% 23% 26% 18% 24% 25% 22% 22% 18% 20% 18% 20% 21% 15% 15% 17% 16% 20% 25% 33% 40% 38% 40% 50% 50% 45% 43% 39% 37% 45% 42% 48% 41% 34% bad times 54% 56% 62% 59% 67% 65% 65% 67% 66% 69% 67% 75% 69% 67% 71% 73% 77% 71% 74% 68% 71% 78% 78% 73% 76% 72% 65% 59% 49% 50% 51% 39% 37% 43% 46% 46% 52% 43% 45% 42% 46% 56% [VOL] don't know 11% 7% 13% 12% 7% 8% 8% 8% 6% 8% 7% 7% 7% 8% 6% 6% 5% 10% 8% 11% 8% 6% 7% 10% 9% 9% 10% 8% 10% 12% 9% 11% 13% 12% 12% 15% 12% 12% 13% 11% 13% 10% Unweighted n 2481 1989 1971 1984 2487 1990 1991 1990 1995 2487 1996 2493 2498 1998 1999 2496 1998 2489 1995 1996 1995 2498 2495 1988 1998 1991 1993 1992 1987 1990 1989 2009 1994 1999 1993 2494 1994 1989 1995 1997 2487 1990 Page 11 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Q7. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? good times bad times [VOL] don't know Sep 2005 Aug 2005 Jul 2005 May 2005 Apr 2005 Jan 2005 Oct 2004 Sep 2004 Aug 2004 Jul 2004 Jun 2004 May 2004 Feb 2004 Jan 2004 Nov 2003 Oct 2003 Sep 2003 Aug 2003 Jul 2003 Jun 2003 Feb 2003 Nov 2002 Oct 2002 Sep 2002 Aug 2002 Feb 2002 Jan 2002 Dec 2001 Nov 2001 Jul 2001 May 2001 Jan 2001 Aug 2000 Feb 2000 Dec 1999 Sep 1999 32% 38% 42% 39% 38% 47% 42% 46% 45% 48% 41% 42% 43% 49% 39% 36% 32% 30% 34% 32% 20% 44% 38% 43% 39% 46% 48% 37% 33% 41% 38% 51% 72% 78% 76% 72% 58% 51% 43% 49% 51% 39% 43% 40% 40% 40% 46% 44% 44% 36% 47% 43% 50% 53% 55% 58% 71% 46% 51% 46% 51% 47% 46% 56% 59% 50% 56% 38% 21% 15% 19% 23% 10% 11% 15% 12% 11% 13% 14% 14% 15% 12% 13% 14% 13% 15% 14% 22% 18% 17% 10% 10% 10% 10% 12% 10% 10% 7% 6% 7% 9% 9% 6% 11% 7% 7% 6% 5% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1993 1994 2489 1990 2492 1992 2007 1990 1989 2488 2479 1991 1974 1983 1985 1965 1959 1967 1977 1972 1978 1964 1960 1976 1976 2021 1950 1969 1970 1983 1984 1975 1970 2028 1992 1997 Page 12 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q8. Some people think that California is divided into economic groups, the haves and have-nots, while others think it is not divided that way. Do you think that California is divided into haves and have-nots? divided into haves and have-nots not divided that way [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 67% 30% 3% Dec 2015 67% 29% 5% Dec 2014 68% 28% 4% Dec 2013 66% 30% 4% Dec 2011 63% 34% 4% Sep 2002 61% 34% 5% Jan 1999 56% 41% 3% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1687 1690 1686 1693 1994 1968 1969 Page 13 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q9. If you had to choose, which of these groups are you in - the haves or have-nots? haves have-nots [VOL] neither Dec 2018 40% 45% 9% Dec 2015 40% 44% 12% Dec 2014 40% 46% 9% Dec 2013 40% 45% 9% Dec 2011 39% 48% 8% Sep 2002 60% 32% 0% Jan 1999 57% 35% 0% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding [VOL] don't know 6% 5% 5% 5% 4% 8% 8% Unweighted n 1669 1676 1670 1671 1982 1948 1950 Page 14 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q10. Do you think that in California today [ROTATE] [1] all people have an equal opportunity to get ahead, or [2] the government should do more to make sure that all Californians have an equal opportunity to get ahead. people have equal opportunity government should do more [VOL] both Dec 2018 41% 53% 1% Dec 2015 42% 51% 2% Dec 2014 41% 52% 1% Dec 2013 43% 49% 1% Dec 2011 37% 54% 2% Sep 2002 52% 43% 1% Jan 1999 52% 45% 0% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding [VOL] neither 2% 3% 3% 4% 4% 2% 0% [VOL] don't know 3% 2% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% Unweighted n 1686 1689 1690 1683 1991 1967 1958 Page 15 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q12. Overall, do you think that in 2025 California will be a better place to live than it is now or a worse place to live than it is now or will there be no change? better place worse place no change Dec 2018 40% 32% 23% Dec 2014 Dec 2012 37% 42% 28% 28% 29% 23% Aug 2006 Jun 2004 24% 25% 46% 49% 24% 20% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding [VOL] don't know 5% 6% 8% 6% 6% Unweighted n 1697 1690 1990 2000 2499 Page 16 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q13. When children today in California grow up, do you think they will be better off or worse off financially than their parents? better off worse off [VOL] same Dec 2018 40% 50% 2% Dec 2014 37% 55% 3% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding [VOL] don't know 8% 5% Unweighted n 1691 1687 Page 17 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q15. In general, which of the following statements do you agree with more... higher taxes and more services lower taxes and fewer services [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 51% 45% 5% Sep 2018 50% 44% 6% Jan 2017 52% 43% 5% Dec 2015 48% 45% 7% Dec 2014 50% 44% 6% Sep 2014 47% 46% 6% Jan 2014 51% 44% 5% May 2013 48% 44% 8% Dec 2012 55% 40% 6% May 2012 58% 37% 5% Jan 2012 51% 41% 8% Jan 2011 49% 46% 4% Mar 2010 46% 45% 9% Sep 2009 51% 39% 10% May 2009 48% 43% 9% Jan 2009 51% 42% 7% May 2008 49% 43% 8% Jan 2008 46% 45% 9% May 2007 52% 39% 9% Jan 2007 53% 40% 8% May 2006 55% 38% 7% Jan 2006 61% 31% 8% May 2005 46% 46% 8% Jan 2005 49% 44% 7% May 2004 51% 42% 8% Jan 2004 43% 48% 9% Sep 2003 43% 47% 10% Jun 2003 49% 45% 6% Feb 2003 49% 45% 6% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1660 1666 1678 1665 1660 1666 1666 1653 1953 1965 1971 1965 1958 1951 1973 1979 1964 1955 1946 1977 1984 1978 1974 1973 1976 1957 1941 1952 1940 Page 18 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q16. Overall, do you think the state and local tax system is in need of major changes, minor changes, or do you think it is fine the way it is? major changes minor changes fine the way it is Dec 2018 49% 27% 19% Mar 2017 Jun 2015 42% 49% 37% 32% 18% 15% Mar 2015 Dec 2014 Mar 2014 47% 44% 51% 31% 38% 30% 18% 16% 14% Sep 2011 Jan 2011 Jan 2010 62% 58% 56% 24% 26% 28% 10% 14% 13% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding [VOL] don't know 5% 3% 4% 4% 2% 4% 4% 3% 4% Unweighted n 1698 1702 1700 1701 1697 1698 1995 2001 1999 Page 19 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q21. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Donald Trump is handling his job as president? approve disapprove [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 32% 63% 5% Oct 2018 Sep 2018 29% 30% 64% 66% 7% 5% Jul 2018 May 2018 Mar 2018 29% 30% 30% 66% 63% 65% 5% 7% 5% Jan 2018 Dec 2017 Sep 2017 26% 28% 27% 71% 68% 69% 3% 5% 4% Jul 2017 May 2017 Mar 2017 25% 27% 31% 71% 67% 61% 4% 6% 7% Jan 2017 30% 58% 12% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1678 1685 1689 1689 1682 1688 1695 1687 1721 1696 1690 1685 1678 Page 20 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Dec 2018 Oct 2018 Sep 2018 Jul 2018 May 2018 Mar 2018 Jan 2018 Dec 2017 Sep 2017 Jul 2017 May 2017 Mar 2017 Jan 2017 Oct 2016 Sep 2016 Jul 2016 May 2016 Mar 2016 Jan 2016 Dec 2015 Sep 2015 Jul 2015 Jun 2015 Mar 2015 Jan 2015 Oct 2014 Sep 2014 Jul 2014 May 2014 Mar 2014 Jan 2014 Dec 2013 Sep 2013 Jul 2013 May 2013 Mar 2013 Jan 2013 Oct 2012 Sep 2012 Aug 2012 May 2012 Mar 2012 Jan 2012 Q22. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is handling its job? approve 29% 25% 28% 20% 24% 29% 21% 22% 24% 24% 26% 36% 33% 31% 29% 28% 28% 24% 32% 26% 32% 29% 27% 24% 38% 24% 24% 22% 24% 19% 26% 18% 28% 30% 31% 29% 34% 26% 27% 27% 22% 24% 25% disapprove 62% 64% 61% 71% 66% 65% 72% 70% 70% 68% 66% 55% 58% 59% 65% 66% 67% 70% 63% 67% 62% 63% 68% 69% 55% 68% 66% 72% 69% 74% 69% 76% 65% 62% 62% 67% 59% 67% 67% 66% 69% 68% 69% [VOL] don't know 9% 11% 10% 9% 10% 6% 7% 8% 6% 8% 8% 9% 9% 10% 6% 6% 6% 6% 5% 7% 7% 9% 5% 7% 7% 8% 10% 6% 7% 7% 5% 6% 8% 7% 6% 4% 7% 7% 7% 7% 8% 8% 5% Unweighted n 1686 1689 1694 1697 1684 1697 1698 1700 1726 1702 1695 1692 1689 1703 1699 1696 1696 1706 1694 1697 1702 1690 1701 1694 1700 1689 1682 1690 1697 1695 1702 1693 1682 2092 1696 1696 1700 2000 1989 2485 1993 1992 1993 Page 21 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends(cont.) Q22. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is handling its job? approve disapprove [VOL] don't know Dec 2011 20% 75% 5% Sep 2011 Jul 2011 27% 25% 64% 65% 9% 10% Mar 2011 Oct 2010 Sep 2010 30% 31% 26% 58% 64% 66% 12% 5% 8% May 2010 Mar 2010 Jan 2010 31% 24% 36% 61% 68% 55% 8% 8% 9% Dec 2009 Sep 2009 May 2009 38% 39% 47% 54% 54% 43% 8% 7% 10% Mar 2009 Jan 2009 43% 37% 47% 56% 10% 7% Oct 2008 Sep 2008 Aug 2008 23% 29% 27% 71% 63% 64% 6% 9% 9% Mar 2008 Dec 2007 Sep 2007 33% 31% 33% 55% 62% 57% 12% 7% 10% Jun 2007 Jan 2007 33% 42% 54% 44% 13% 13% Sep 2006 Mar 2006 Oct 2005 37% 35% 42% 54% 54% 46% 9% 11% 11% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1988 1996 2495 1988 1988 1990 1997 1992 1991 1994 2000 1998 1993 1997 1993 1991 1990 1992 1992 1990 1989 2006 1994 1992 1996 Page 22 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q24. How much confidence do you have in President Trump to make the right decisions for the country's future - a great deal of confidence, a good amount, just some, or none at all? great deal of confidence a good amount just some Dec 2018 14% 13% 24% Jan 2017 15% 13% 26% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding none at all 48% 45% [VOL] don't know 1% 2% Unweighted n 1690 1690 Page 23 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q27. Please indicate which statement comes closest to your own view - even if neither is exactly right? immigrants are a benefit to California immigrants are a burden to California [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 72% 23% 5% May 2018 Sep 2017 74% 76% 20% 20% 6% 3% Jan 2016 Sep 2015 Jan 2015 68% 65% 63% 27% 28% 32% 5% 7% 6% Sep 2014 Mar 2014 May 2013 61% 65% 61% 32% 27% 33% 7% 7% 6% Jan 2013 Mar 2012 Sep 2010 63% 58% 54% 31% 35% 39% 6% 8% 7% Mar 2010 Sep 2009 54% 58% 39% 35% 7% 7% Aug 2008 Mar 2008 Dec 2007 58% 59% 61% 36% 34% 32% 7% 7% 6% Jun 2007 Mar 2007 Sep 2006 60% 60% 58% 32% 33% 35% 8% 7% 7% Sep 2005 Feb 2004 Dec 2001 56% 56% 54% 36% 35% 36% 7% 9% 10% Feb 2000 Apr 1998 54% 46% 34% 42% 11% 12% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1655 1661 1709 1670 1681 1673 1666 1671 1678 1683 1966 1959 1968 1970 1970 1974 1976 1973 1977 1982 1980 1954 1952 2006 1958 Page 24 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q28. Which comes closer to your view about how to handle undocumented immigrants who are living in the US... ? allowed to stay legally not allowed to stay legally [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 84% 14% 1% May 2018 85% 13% 2% Dec 2017 86% 12% 2% Jan 2017 85% 13% 2% Sep 2016 83% 15% 2% May 2016 83% 14% 2% Jan 2016 82% 17% 1% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1687 1684 1698 1689 1689 1692 1690 Page 25 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q31. Please indicate which statement comes closest to your own view, even if neither is exactly right. [ROTATE] [1] Government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest; [OR] [2] Government regulation of business does more harm than good. government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest government regulation of business does more harm than good [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 58% 35% 7% Mar 2017 Mar 2016 Mar 2012 56% 60% 48% 37% 34% 43% 7% 6% 8% Aug 2008 Sep 2004 57% 54% 34% 42% 9% 5% Feb 2000 May 1998 46% 53% 49% 43% 5% 3% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1688 1688 1700 1992 1987 1995 2026 2004 Page 26 PPIC Statewide Survey Californians and Their Government - December 2018 All Adults - Time Trends Q32. Please indicate which statement comes closest to your own view, even if neither is exactly right. [ROTATE] [1] Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy [OR] [2] Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost. stricter environment al laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy stricter environment al laws and regulations are worth the cost [VOL] don't know Dec 2018 33% 59% 8% Mar 2017 37% 54% 9% Mar 2014 38% 55% 7% Mar 2012 45% 47% 8% Feb 2004 32% 60% 9% Jun 2002 30% 64% 5% Feb 2002 35% 59% 6% Jun 2000 37% 57% 6% Jan 2000 31% 64% 5% May 1998 36% 58% 5% Note: Numbers may not add to 100 due to rounding Unweighted n 1681 1691 1687 1992 1973 1964 2021 1957 1980 1999 Page 27" ["_edit_lock"]=> string(13) "1628062042:22" ["_wpmf_gallery_custom_image_link"]=> string(0) "" ["_gallery_link_target"]=> string(0) "" ["wpmf_pdf_embed"]=> string(4) "link" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2018-12-13 04:33:14" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(27) "time-trends-all-adults-1218" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-08-26 16:46:31" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-08-26 23:46:31" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["guid"]=> string(71) "https://www.ppic.org/wp-content/uploads/time-trends-all-adults-1218.pdf" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_mime_type"]=> string(15) "application/pdf" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" ["status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["attachment_authors"]=> bool(false) }