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Press Release · November 6, 1997

Public Policy Institute Of California Awards 16 Research Contracts For Work On Critical California Issues

External Research Program Provides $820,000 for Studies on Wide Range of Topics

SAN FRANCISCO, California, November 6, 1997–PPIC President and CEO David Lyon announced today the selection of 16 research projects to be funded through the Institute’s Extramural Research Program (ERP) this year. The projects–totaling more than $820,000 and involving 31 researchers from across California and the nation–are all dedicated to examining crucial issues facing the state.

“The sheer number and diversity of projects funded through ERP this year reflect PPIC’s commitment to putting the best and brightest–wherever they are–to work assessing the challenges facing California,” Lyon said. “Our goal is to expand the base and range of high quality research in the state so that our leaders can make more informed policy decisions. Combined with the internal research of Institute staff, this program is mobilizing intellectual capital to study many of the major forces at work in California–from immigration to the state’s technology-driven growth.”

PPIC established its Extramural Research Program in 1996 to fund rigorous and innovative external research on California issues. The Institute plans to fund up to $1 million in research each fiscal year (see for deadlines and issue areas). More than 180 proposals were submitted in the program’s first year (FY97-98). Summaries of the selected projects are attached.

The Public Policy Institute of California is an independent, nonprofit organization dedicated to nonpartisan research on economic, social, and political issues that affect the lives of Californians. PPIC was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett.

Contracts were awarded for the following studies:


“Immigration, Migration, and the Future Elderly Population of California”
William H. Frey, Population Studies Center, University of Michigan
Kao-Lee Liaw, Department of Geography, McMaster University


“Immigrants, Natives, and the Choice Between Public and Private Schools”
Robert W. Fairlie, Department of Economics, University of California, Santa Cruz
Julian R. Betts, Department of Economics, University of California, San Diego

“The Transformation of California School Finance and Its Consequences”
Jon Sonstelie, Department of Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara
Eric J. Brunner, Department of Economics, San Diego State University


“Fighting Air Pollution by Buying Old Vehicles: The Los Angeles Vehicle Retirement Program”
Lloyd S. Dixon and Steven Garber, Institute for Civil Justice, RAND

“Public Finance Solutions to Vehicle Emissions Problems in California”
Don Fullerton, Department of Economics, University of Texas, Austin

Health Care

“Mandated Competition Between Public and Private Health Care in California”
E. Kathleen Adams, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University

Industry and Technology

“The Changing Role of California Science and Technology Within the Global Economy”
Michael S. Fogarty, Center for Regional Economic Issues, Case Western Reserve University
Adam P. Jaffe, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge

Justice and Public Order

“Origins and Deterrent Effects of California’s Three Strikes Law”
Frank E. Zimring, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley
Gordon Hawkins, Earl Warren Legal Institute, University of California, Berkeley

Political Representation

“Race Relations, Community Composition, and Politics in California”
Bruce E. Cain and Jack Citrin, Department of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley

“Latino Representation and Local Electoral Laws in California”
Gary M. Segura, The Tomás Rivera Policy Institute, Claremont, California

Poverty and Welfare

“Disabled Children in Low-Income Families”
Marcia K. Meyers, School of Social Work, Columbia University
Henry E. Brady, Department of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley

“Effects of Welfare Reform on Grandparents Raising Grandchildren”
Meredith A. Minkler, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley
Jill Duerr Berrick, Center for Social Services Research, University of California, Berkeley

Public Finance

“The Crippling of State Government: Voter Initiatives in California”
Elisabeth Gerber, Arthur Lupia, and Mathew McCubbins, Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego
D. Roderick Kiewiet, Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology

“State Fiscal Institutions and the Cost of Borrowing in the Municipal Bond Market”
James M. Poterba, Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Kim S. Rueben, Public Policy Institute of California

“Effects of Proposition 13 During the California Recession”
Steven M. Sheffrin, Department of Economics, University of California, Davis
Terri A. Sexton, Department of Economics, California State University, Sacramento

“Causes of Fiscal Stress in California Counties”
Robert Wassmer and Charles Anders, Graduate Program in Public Policy and Administration and Department of Economics, California State University, Sacramento