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Financing Higher Education Capital Projects, Technical Appendix

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object(Timber\Post)#3742 (44) { ["ImageClass"]=> string(12) "Timber\Image" ["PostClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Post" ["TermClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Term" ["object_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["custom"]=> array(5) { ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(20) "1218pmr-appendix.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "434812" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(38501) "Financing Higher Education Capital Projects Technical Appendices CONTENTS Appendix A. CSU Facilities Analysis Appendix B. School Bond Analysis Appendix C. Comparison Institutions Patrick Murphy, Radhika Mehlotra, and Kevin Cook with research support from Dennis Su Supported with funding from the College Futures Foundation and the Sutton Family Fund Appendix A. CSU Facilities Analysis For the CSU facilities analysis, PPIC used data provided by the California State University’s Capital Planning, Design and Construction (CPDC) department. These data are reported on an annual basis by each of the 23 main campuses and off-campus centers, reviewed by CPDC and made available to the public. These campus reports contain facility detail information, including ownership, completion (original build) and renovation dates. The most updated version of the report was made available in July of 2018.1 The analysis pertaining to tables A1, A2, and A3 provides information regarding the completion and renovation ages of the facilities, along with their ownership status. The data provided by the CSU contains eight different ownership codes; all of which, also indicate the source of funding, and availability of use by university. The codes are as follows: State owned, State funded State owned, Deed/Gifted to State State owned, Donor Fund State owned, Dual Funded Non-state owned, Non-state Funded Non-state owned, Donor/private Funded Current lease/rental agreement (State) Other Given the overview nature of the report, the codes were grouped into “State-owned” and “Non-state owned” for the analysis. Therefore, codes 1-4 were categorized as “State-owned” and 5, 6, and 8 as “Non-State owned.” Facilities corresponding with code 7, Current lease/rental agreement (State), were excluded from the analysis since the system does not consider them as part of their stock of facilities. Of the 2,136 total facilities in the report provided, 59 facilities were excluded, bringing the total stock analyzed to 2,077 facilities. Table A1 contains information regarding all facilities (2,077), Table A2 regarding State-owned assets (1,545), and Table A3 regarding Non-state owned facilities (532). In calculating the completion and renovation ages of the facilities, PPIC used December 31, 2018 as the reference date and rounded to the nearest year. The data include completion years that range from 1900 – 2019 and renovation years that range from 1987 – 2018. The four facilities that correspond with a post-July 2018 or 2019 completion date, including September 2018 (1), January 2019 (2), and June 2019 (1), their calculated age equaled 0. Similarly, the five facilities that included a 2018 renovation date also equaled 0 in renovation age. These facilities were, therefore, included in the counts of facilities but not in the average age calculations. The report also included facilities without completion, renovation, or any date. Of the total stock of 2,077 nonleased facilities, 89 facilities did not include a completion date, 1,865 did not include a renovation date, and 80 were reported without either date. These facilities are included in the counts of facilities but not in the average age calculations. 1 To compare CSU’s state of facilities to the UC’s, PPIC relied on University of California’s Capital Financial Plan 2017–27. According to UCOP, “approximately 56% of the University’s State eligible space is more than 30 years old. UC’s most common deferred maintenance (DM) projects include replacement and major repairs of systems and assets that have reach their end of useful life.” PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 2 TABLE A1 Facilities Analysis by California State University Campus California State University campus Total number of facilities Average completion age (n = 1,988) Total number of renovated facilities Average renovation age (n = 212) Bakersfield 79 27 3 7 Chancellor's Office 2 22 0 n/a Channel Islands 51 41 23 12 Chico 81 42 7 23 Dominguez Hills 50 36 7 13 East Bay 54 32 3 18 Fresno 179 46 4 17 Fullerton 136 33 7 12 Humboldt 107 47 9 14 Long Beach 109 41 14 17 Los Angeles 42 32 6 11 Maritime Academy 54 37 7 3 Monterey Bay 152 29 55 19 Northridge 98 30 10 10 Pomona 188 39 4 13 Sacramento 74 35 4 10 San Bernardino 69 28 8 10 San Diego 155 37 5 10 San Francisco 68 51 8 14 San Jose 71 42 8 8 San Luis Obispo 121 44 12 11 San Marcos 28 16 1 8 Sonoma 47 32 2 14 Stanislaus 62 31 5 11 All 2,077 37 212 14 SOURCE: CSU Campus Facility Report received July 10, 2018. NOTES: This analysis only includes non-leased facilities. In addition, “n/a” values appear for renovation age whenever the number of renovated facilities equals 0. PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 3 TABLE A2 State-owned Facilities Analysis by California State University Campus California State University campus Total number of facilities Average completion age (n = 1,487) Total number of renovated facilities Average renovation age (n = 168) Bakersfield 56 28 3 7 Chancellor's Office 2 22 0 n/a Channel Islands 38 50 21 12 Chico 62 44 7 23 Dominguez Hills 36 42 5 14 East Bay 40 37 3 18 Fresno 156 48 3 16 Fullerton 88 40 5 14 Humboldt 78 52 8 13 Long Beach 72 44 10 19 Los Angeles 33 35 5 12 Maritime Academy 47 39 2 9 Monterey Bay 132 29 45 19 Northridge 56 35 7 11 Pomona 144 41 2 10 Sacramento 47 43 1 23 San Bernardino 45 27 6 10 San Diego 112 41 5 10 San Francisco 49 59 6 14 San Jose 53 47 7 9 San Luis Obispo 94 44 9 10 San Marcos 20 18 1 8 Sonoma 37 34 2 14 Stanislaus 48 34 5 11 All 1,545 41 168 15 SOURCE: CSU Campus Facility Report received July 10, 2018. NOTES: This analysis only includes non-leased facilities. In addition, “n/a” values appear for renovation age whenever the number of renovated facilities equals 0. PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 4 TABLE A3 Non state-owned Facilities Analysis by California State University Campus California State University campus Total number of facilities Average completion age (n = 501) Total number of renovated facilities Average renovation age (n = 44) Bakersfield 23 24 0 n/a Chancellor's Office 0 n/a 0 n/a Channel Islands 13 21 2 6 Chico 19 33 0 n/a Dominguez Hills 14 20 2 12 East Bay 14 18 0 n/a Fresno 23 35 1 21 Fullerton 48 21 2 8 Humboldt 29 35 1 16 Long Beach 37 34 4 11 Los Angeles 9 23 1 6 Maritime Academy 7 14 5 1 Monterey Bay 20 30 10 19 Northridge 42 23 3 8 Pomona 44 31 2 16 Sacramento 27 21 3 5 San Bernardino 24 31 2 11 San Diego 43 24 0 n/a San Francisco 19 30 2 12 San Jose 18 29 1 3 San Luis Obispo 27 41 3 14 San Marcos 8 9 0 n/a Sonoma 10 22 0 n/a Stanislaus 14 21 0 n/a All 532 27 44 11 SOURCE: CSU Campus Facility Report received July 10, 2018. NOTES: This analysis only includes non-leased facilities. In addition, “n/a” values appear for completion and renovation age whenever the number of total and renovated facilities equals 0. In addition to age, renovation, and ownership information, the data include details such as facility function, condition, construction status, Master Plan status, and square footage. A detailed investigation of the facilities across these variables was beyond the scope of this project. Examining this nuanced information will be integral to planning for increased capacity as the system works to close the skills gap by 2030. PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 5 Appendix B. School Bond Analysis For the analysis of bond elections, PPIC relied on data gathered by Sacramento State’s Institute of Social Research. The California Elections Data Archive (CEDA) is a joint project amongst the Center for California Studies, the Institute for Social Research, and the Office of the California Secretary of State. CEDA provides ballot measure results for county, city, community college, and school district elections dating back to 1996. For the purposes of this report, PPIC examined community college and school district measures from 1996–2016. The data are ordered by year and county, and include two identifying fields for each measure that appeared on a ballot. The “MeasID” identifier appears for each measure assuming single-county. The “Multi_MeasID” identifies measures across counties for multi-county measures. This means that any measure that is proposed by more than one county shares the same “Multi_MeasID.” This identifier also exists for single-county measures but appears only once since the measure is proposed by one county for those instances. PPIC relied on a de-duplicated list of “Multi-MeasID” to gather information on community college and school district bonds. Duplicative measures were omitted in order to account for the number and value of measures only once. Table B1 provides a descriptive analysis of the Community College general obligation bonds proposed and passed between 1996 and 2016. Over this time period the passage rate, along with the median and total bond value of approved measures increases significantly. TABLE B1 Community College (CC) General Obligation Bonds 1996–2016 Years 1996-2000 CC measures proposed 19 Median bond value proposed $98,000,000 CC measures passed 8 2001-2005 65 $160,000,000 55 2006-2010 32 $290,750,000 24 2011-2016 42 $349,000,000 SOURCE: California Elections Data Archive 36 Passage rate 42% 85% 75% 86% Total bond value passed $753,304,000 $10,281,688,278 $10,406,942,012 $15,597,401,000 Median bond value passed $87,177,000 $161,000,000 $296,250,000 $350,000,000 Table B2 provides a descriptive analysis of K–12 general obligation bonds proposed and passed between 1996 and 2016. Since community college districts are governed much like the K–12 districts, providing this information offers additional context for school bonds at large. Despite their shared governance structure, the two systems vary greatly in size. There are 1,026 K–12 school districts that serve more than 6.2 million students. In comparison, nearly 2.1 million students attend 114 community college campuses in 72 districts in the state. Therefore, K–12 districts propose and pass many more measures than community college districts but those measures are lesser in value. PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 6 TABLE B2 K–12 General Obligation Bonds 1996–2016 Years 1996-2000 K–12 measures proposed 453 Median bond value proposed $20,500,000 2001-2005 375 $20,000,000 2006-2010 376 $34,000,000 2011-2016 517 $40,800,000 SOURCE: California Elections Data Archive K–12 measures passed 280 298 286 443 Passage rate 62% 79% 76% 86% Total bond value passed $10,898,038,884 $26,626,787,071 $34,186,827,000 $43,773,275,462 Median bond value passed $20,000,000 $22,000,000 $40,000,000 $45,000,000 Table B3 offers insight into measure threshold levels after the passage of Proposition 39 in 2000. While the number of proposed measures requiring a 55% threshold increased significantly among K-12 and community college districts between 2000 and 2001, the number of measures requiring a two-thirds majority decreased. Over time, most K-12 and community college district measures have come to require a 55% threshold level (100% of community college and 95% of K-12 measures between 2011 and 2016). TABLE B3 K–12 and Community College (CC) proposed measures by threshold 1996–2016 Years 1996-2000 K–12 total measures CC total measures K–12 majority measures CC majority measures 453 19 2 0 K–12 measures 55% threshold 0 2001-2005 375 65 23 3 272 2006-2010 376 32 1 0 348 2011-2016 517 42 2 0 492 SOURCE: California Elections Data Archive CC measures 55% threshold 0 54 32 42 K–12 measures 66.67% threshold 451 80 27 23 CC measures 66.67% threshold 19 8 0 0 PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 7 Appendix C. Comparison Institutions University of California Comparison Group Institutions Arizona State University-Tempe Colorado State University-Fort Collins Florida State University Georgia Institute of Technology-Main Campus Georgia State University Indiana University-Bloomington Iowa State University Louisiana State University Michigan State University Mississippi State University Montana State University North Carolina State University at Raleigh North Dakota State University-Main Campus Ohio State University-Main Campus Oregon State University Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus Purdue University-Main Campus Stony Brook University SUNY at Albany Texas A & M University-College Station The University of Tennessee-Knoxville The University of Texas at Austin University at Buffalo University of Alabama at Birmingham University of Alabama in Huntsville University of Arizona University of Arkansas University of Central Florida University of Cincinnati-Main Campus University of Colorado Boulder University of Connecticut University of Delaware University of Florida University of Georgia University of Hawaii at Manoa University of Houston University of Illinois at Chicago University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Kentucky University of Louisville University of Maryland-College Park University of Michigan-Ann Arbor University of Minnesota-Twin Cities University of Missouri-Columbia University of Nebraska-Lincoln University of New Mexico-Main Campus University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Oklahoma-Norman Campus University of Oregon University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus University of South Carolina-Columbia University of South Florida-Main Campus University of Utah University of Virginia-Main Campus University of Washington-Seattle Campus University of Wisconsin-Madison Virginia Commonwealth University Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Washington State University Wayne State University PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 8 California State University Comparison Group Institutions Adams State University Alabama A & M University Alabama State University Albany State University Alcorn State University Angelo State University Appalachian State University Arkansas State University-Main Campus Arkansas Tech University Armstrong State University Auburn University Auburn University at Montgomery Austin Peay State University Ball State University Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania Boise State University Bowling Green State University-Main Campus Bridgewater State University California University of Pennsylvania Central Connecticut State University Central Washington University Chicago State University Citadel Military College of South Carolina Clarion University of Pennsylvania Clemson University Cleveland State University College of Charleston College of William and Mary Colorado School of Mines Columbus State University CUNY City College Delaware State University Delta State University East Central University East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania Eastern Illinois University Eastern Kentucky University Eastern Michigan University Eastern Washington University Edinboro University of Pennsylvania Emporia State University Fayetteville State University Ferris State University Fitchburg State University Florida Atlantic University Florida International University Fort Hays State University Framingham State University Frostburg State University George Mason University Georgia College and State University Governors State University Grambling State University Grand Valley State University Henderson State University Idaho State University Indiana University-Northwest Indiana University-Purdue University-Fort Wayne Indiana University-Purdue University-Indianapolis Indiana University-South Bend Indiana University-Southeast Jackson State University Jacksonville State University James Madison University Kansas State University Kean University Kennesaw State University Kent State University at Kent Kutztown University of Pennsylvania Longwood University Louisiana State University-Shreveport Louisiana Tech University Mansfield University of Pennsylvania Marshall University McNeese State University Metropolitan State University Miami University-Oxford Michigan Technological University Midwestern State University Millersville University of Pennsylvania Minnesota State University Moorhead Minnesota State University-Mankato Mississippi Valley State University Missouri State University-Springfield Montana State University-Billings Montclair State University PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 9 Morehead State University Murray State University New Jersey City University New Jersey Institute of Technology New Mexico Highlands University New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Nicholls State University Norfolk State University North Carolina Central University Northeastern Illinois University Northeastern State University Northern Arizona University Northern Illinois University Northern Kentucky University Northern Michigan University Northwest Missouri State University Northwestern State University of Louisiana Ohio University-Main Campus Oklahoma State University-Main Campus Old Dominion University Peru State College Pittsburg State University Portland State University Prairie View A & M University Purdue University-Calumet Campus Radford University Ramapo College of New Jersey Rhode Island College Rowan University Rutgers University-Camden Saginaw Valley State University Saint Cloud State University Salem State University Salisbury University Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania South Dakota State University Southeast Missouri State University Southeastern Louisiana University Southeastern Oklahoma State University Southern Arkansas University Main Campus Southern Connecticut State University Southern Illinois University-Carbondale Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville Southern Oregon University Southern University and A & M College Southern University at New Orleans Southern Utah University Southwest Minnesota State University Southwestern Oklahoma State University State University of New York at New Paltz Stephen F Austin State University Stockton University Sul Ross State University SUNY at Binghamton SUNY at Fredonia SUNY Buffalo State SUNY College at Brockport SUNY College at Cortland SUNY College at Oswego SUNY College at Plattsburgh SUNY College at Potsdam SUNY Empire State College SUNY Institute of Technology at Utica-Rome Tarleton State University Temple University Tennessee Technological University Texas A & M International University Texas A & M University-Texarkana Texas State University Texas Tech University The College of New Jersey The Lincoln University The University of Alabama The University of Montana Towson University Troy University Truman State University University of Akron Main Campus University of Alaska Fairbanks University of Baltimore University of Central Arkansas University of Central Missouri University of Central Oklahoma University of Colorado-Colorado Springs University of Colorado Denver University of Houston-Clear Lake University of Houston-Victoria University of Idaho University of Louisiana at Lafayette PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 10 University of Louisiana at Monroe University of Maine University of Mary Washington University of Maryland-Baltimore County University of Maryland-University College University of Massachusetts-Boston University of Memphis University of Michigan-Dearborn University of Michigan-Flint University of Minnesota-Duluth University of Mississippi University of Montevallo University of Nebraska at Kearney University of Nevada-Las Vegas University of Nevada-Reno University of New Hampshire-Main Campus University of New Orleans University of North Alabama University of North Carolina at Greensboro University of North Carolina at Pembroke University of North Carolina Wilmington University of North Dakota University of North Florida University of North Texas University of Northern Iowa University of Rhode Island University of South Alabama University of South Dakota University of Southern Indiana University of Southern Mississippi University of Toledo University of Vermont University of West Alabama University of West Georgia University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire University of Wisconsin-La Crosse University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh University of Wisconsin-Platteville University of Wisconsin-River Falls University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point University of Wisconsin-Stout University of Wisconsin-Whitewater University of Wyoming Utah State University Valdosta State University Washburn University Wayne State College Weber State University West Chester University of Pennsylvania West Texas A & M University West Virginia University Western Carolina University Western Connecticut State University Western Illinois University Western Kentucky University Western Michigan University Western New Mexico University Western Oregon University Western Washington University Westfield State University Wichita State University William Paterson University of New Jersey Winona State University Winston-Salem State University Winthrop University Worcester State University Wright State University-Main Campus Youngstown State University PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 11 California Community Colleges Comparison Group Institutions Adirondack Community College Aiken Technical College Aims Community College Alamance Community College Albany Technical College Alexandria Technical & Community College Allegany College of Maryland Allen County Community College Alpena Community College Alvin Community College Amarillo College American Samoa Community College Angelina College Anne Arundel Community College Anoka Technical College Anoka-Ramsey Community College Arapahoe Community College Arizona Western College Arkansas Northeastern College Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community College Asnuntuck Community College Athens Technical College Atlantic Cape Community College Austin Community College District Bainbridge State College Baltimore City Community College Barton County Community College Bates Technical College Bay de Noc Community College Bellingham Technical College Belmont College Bergen Community College Berkshire Community College Bevill State Community College Big Bend Community College Bishop State Community College Black Hawk College Black River Technical College Blackhawk Technical College Blinn College Blue Mountain Community College Blue Ridge Community College NC Blue Ridge Community College VA Bossier Parish Community College Bristol Community College Brookdale Community College Brookhaven College Broward College Bucks County Community College Bunker Hill Community College Burlington County College Butler Community College Butler County Community College Caldwell Community College and Technical Institute Camden County College Cape Cod Community College Cape Fear Community College Capital Area Technical College Carl Albert State College Carl Sandburg College Casper College Catawba Valley Community College Cayuga County Community College Cecil College Cedar Valley College Central Alabama Community College Central Arizona College Central Carolina Community College Central Carolina Technical College Central Community College Central New Mexico Community College Central Ohio Technical College Central Oregon Community College Central Piedmont Community College Central Virginia Community College Central Wyoming College Centralia College Century College Chattahoochee Technical College Chattahoochee Valley Community College Chattanooga State Community College Chemeketa Community College Chesapeake College Chippewa Valley Technical College Cisco College Clackamas Community College Clatsop Community College Cleveland Community College Cleveland State Community College Clinton Community College Cloud County Community College Clover Park Technical College Clovis Community College Coastal Bend College Coastal Carolina Community College Cochise County Community College District Colby Community College College of Central Florida College of Coastal Georgia College of DuPage College of Lake County College of Micronesia-FSM College of Southern Idaho College of Southern Maryland College of the Albemarle College of the Mainland Colorado Mountain College Colorado Northwestern Community College Columbia Basin College Columbia State Community College Columbus Technical College Community College of Aurora PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 12 Community College of Beaver County Community College of Denver Community College of Rhode Island Connors State College Copiah-Lincoln Community College Corning Community College County College of Morris Cowley County Community College Craven Community College Crowder College Cumberland County College Cuyahoga Community College District Dakota County Technical College Danville Area Community College Danville Community College Darton State College Davidson County Community College Davis Applied Technology College Del Mar College Delaware County Community College Delaware Technical Community College-Owens Delaware Technical Community College-Stanton/Wilmington Delaware Technical Community College-Terry Delgado Community College Delta College Des Moines Area Community College Dodge City Community College Dutchess Community College Dyersburg State Community College East Central College East Central Community College East Mississippi Community College Eastern Arizona College Eastern Florida State College Eastern Gateway Community College Eastern Iowa Community College District Eastern Maine Community College Eastfield College Edgecombe Community College Edison State Community College Edmonds Community College El Centro College El Paso Community College Elgin Community College Enterprise State Community College Erie Community College Essex County College Fayetteville Technical Community College Finger Lakes Community College Flathead Valley Community College Florence-Darlington Technical College Florida Gateway College Fort Scott Community College Fox Valley Technical College Frederick Community College Front Range Community College Fulton-Montgomery Community College Gadsden State Community College Galveston College Garden City Community College Gaston College GateWay Community College - AZ Gateway Community College - CT Gateway Technical College Genesee Community College George C Wallace State Community College-Dothan George C Wallace State Community College-Hanceville George C Wallace State Community College-Selma Georgia Highlands College Georgia Northwestern Technical College Georgia Piedmont Technical College Germanna Community College Glendale Community College Grays Harbor College Grayson College Green River Community College Greenfield Community College Greenville Technical College Guilford Technical Community College Gulf Coast State College Gwinnett Technical College Hagerstown Community College Harford Community College Harrisburg Area Community College-Harrisburg Hawkeye Community College Haywood Community College Hennepin Technical College Henry Ford Community College Herkimer County Community College Highland Community College - IL Highland Community College - KS Highline College Hill College Hillsborough Community College Hocking College Holmes Community College Holyoke Community College Horry-Georgetown Technical College Housatonic Community College Houston Community College Howard College Howard Community College Hutchinson Community College Illinois Central College Illinois Valley Community College Indian Hills Community College Instituto Tecnologico de Puerto Rico-Recinto de San Juan Inver Hills Community College Iowa Central Community College Iowa Lakes Community College Iowa Western Community College Isothermal Community College Itawamba Community College PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 13 J Sargeant Reynolds Community College Jackson College Jackson State Community College James A Rhodes State College James H Faulkner State Community College Jamestown Community College Jefferson College Jefferson Community and Technical College Jefferson Community College Jefferson State Community College John A Logan College John C Calhoun State Community College John Tyler Community College John Wood Community College Johnson County Community College Johnston Community College Joliet Junior College Jones County Junior College Kalamazoo Valley Community College Kankakee Community College Kaskaskia College Kellogg Community College Kennebec Valley Community College Kilgore College Kirkwood Community College Kirtland Community College Kishwaukee College Labette Community College Lake Land College Lake Michigan College Lake Region State College Lake Superior College Lake Washington Institute of Technology Lakeland Community College Lakeshore Technical College Lake-Sumter State College Lane Community College Lanier Technical College Lansing Community College Laramie County Community College Laredo Community College Lawson State Community CollegeBirmingham Campus Lee College Lehigh Carbon Community College Lenoir Community College Lewis and Clark Community College Lincoln Land Community College Linn-Benton Community College Lone Star College System Lord Fairfax Community College Lower Columbia College Luzerne County Community College Macomb Community College Madison Area Technical College Manchester Community College CT Manchester Community College NH Marion Technical College Massachusetts Bay Community College Massasoit Community College McHenry County College McLennan Community College Mercer County Community College Meridian Community College Mesa Community College Metropolitan Community College Area Metropolitan Community CollegeKansas City Mid Michigan Community College Middlesex Community College - CT Middlesex Community College MA Middlesex County College Midlands Technical College Mid-South Community College Mid-State Technical College Milwaukee Area Technical College Mineral Area College Minnesota State College-Southeast Technical Minnesota State Community and Technical College Minnesota West Community and Technical College Mississippi Delta Community College Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College Mitchell Community College Moberly Area Community College Mohave Community College Mohawk Valley Community College Monroe Community College Monroe County Community College Montcalm Community College Montgomery College Montgomery County Community College Moraine Park Technical College Moraine Valley Community College Morgan Community College Morton College Motlow State Community College Mott Community College Moultrie Technical College Mount Wachusett Community College Mountain Empire Community College Mountain View College Mt Hood Community College Murray State College Nash Community College Nashua Community College Nashville State Community College Nassau Community College National Park Community College Naugatuck Valley Community College Navarro College Neosho County Community College New Mexico Junior College New River Community College PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 14 NHTI-Concord's Community College Niagara County Community College Normandale Community College North Arkansas College North Central Michigan College North Central State College North Central Texas College North Dakota State College of Science North Hennepin Community College North Idaho College North Iowa Area Community College North Lake College North Seattle College North Shore Community College Northampton County Area Community College Northcentral Technical College Northeast Alabama Community College Northeast Community College Northeast Iowa Community College Northeast Mississippi Community College Northeast State Community College Northeast Texas Community College Northeast Wisconsin Technical College Northeastern Junior College Northeastern Oklahoma A&M College Northern Essex Community College Northern Oklahoma College Northern Virginia Community College Northland Community and Technical College Northland Pioneer College Northwest Mississippi Community College Northwest State Community College Northwestern Connecticut Community College Northwestern Michigan College Northwest-Shoals Community College PPIC.ORG Norwalk Community College Oakland Community College Oakton Community College Ocean County College Odessa College Ogden-Weber Applied Technology College Olney Central College Onondaga Community College Orange County Community College Orangeburg Calhoun Technical College Owens Community College Ozarks Technical Community College Palm Beach State College Panola College Paris Junior College Parkland College Pasco-Hernando State College Passaic County Community College Patrick Henry Community College Pearl River Community College Pellissippi State Community College Pensacola State College Phoenix College Piedmont Community College Piedmont Technical College Piedmont Virginia Community College Pierce College-Fort Steilacoom Pikes Peak Community College Pima Community College Pitt Community College Polk State College Portland Community College Prairie State College Prince George's Community College Prince William Sound Community College Pueblo Community College Quincy College Quinebaug Valley Community College Randolph Community College Rappahannock Community College Raritan Valley Community College Reading Area Community College Red Rocks Community College Redlands Community College Rend Lake College Renton Technical College Richland College Richland Community College Ridgewater College Rio Salado College Riverland Community College Roane State Community College Robeson Community College Rochester Community and Technical College Rock Valley College Rockingham Community College Rockland Community College Rogue Community College Rose State College Rowan College at Gloucester County Rowan-Cabarrus Community College Roxbury Community College Saint Johns River State College Salem Community College Salt Lake Community College San Antonio College San Jacinto Community College San Juan College Sandhills Community College Santa Fe College Santa Fe Community College Sauk Valley Community College Savannah Technical College Schoolcraft College Seattle Central College Seminole State College Seminole State College of Florida Shawnee Community College Shelton State Community College Sheridan College Shoreline Community College Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 15 Skagit Valley College Snead State Community College Snow College South Central College South Florida State College South Georgia Technical College South Mountain Community College South Piedmont Community College South Plains College South Puget Sound Community College South Suburban College Southeast Arkansas College Southeast Community College Area Southeast Technical Institute Southeastern Community College - IA Southeastern Community College - NC Southeastern Illinois College Southern Crescent Technical College Southern Maine Community College Southern State Community College Southern West Virginia Community and Technical College Southside Virginia Community College Southwest Tennessee Community College Southwest Texas Junior College Southwest Virginia Community College Southwest Wisconsin Technical College Southwestern Community College Southwestern Illinois College Southwestern Michigan College Southwestern Oregon Community College Spokane Community College Spokane Falls Community College Spoon River College St Clair County Community College St Cloud Technical and Community College Stanly Community College Stark State College PPIC.ORG State College of Florida-ManateeSarasota State Fair Community College SUNY Broome Community College SUNY Westchester Community College Surry Community College Sussex County Community College Tacoma Community College Tallahassee Community College Technical College of the Lowcountry Temple College Terra State Community College Texarkana College Texas State Technical CollegeHarlingen Thomas Nelson Community College Three Rivers Community College - CT Three Rivers Community College MO Tidewater Community College Tompkins Cortland Community College Treasure Valley Community College Tri-County Technical College Trident Technical College Trinidad State Junior College Trinity Valley Community College Triton College Truckee Meadows Community College Tulsa Community College Tunxis Community College Tyler Junior College Ulster County Community College Umpqua Community College Union County College Valencia College Vance-Granville Community College Vernon College Victoria College Virginia Highlands Community College Virginia Western Community College Volunteer State Community College Wake Technical Community College Walla Walla Community College Walters State Community College Warren County Community College Washington State Community College Waubonsee Community College Waukesha County Technical College Wayne Community College Wayne County Community College District Weatherford College Wenatchee Valley College West Georgia Technical College West Virginia Northern Community College Western Iowa Tech Community College Western Oklahoma State College Western Piedmont Community College Western Technical College Western Texas College Western Wyoming Community College Westmoreland County Community College Wharton County Junior College Whatcom Community College Wichita Area Technical College Wilkes Community College William Rainey Harper College Wilson Community College Wiregrass Georgia Technical College Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College Wor-Wic Community College Wytheville Community College Yakima Valley Community College Yavapai College York Technical College Zane State College Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 16 The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research. Public Policy Institute of California 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, CA 94111 T: 415.291.4400 F: 415.291.4401 PPIC.ORG PPIC Sacramento Center Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, CA 95814 T: 916.440.1120 F: 916.440.1121" } ["___content":protected]=> string(165) "

Financing Higher Education Capital Projects, Technical Appendix

" ["_permalink":protected]=> string(94) "https://www.ppic.org/publication/financing-higher-education-capital-projects/1218pmr-appendix/" ["_next":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_prev":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_css_class":protected]=> NULL ["id"]=> int(17488) ["ID"]=> int(17488) ["post_author"]=> string(1) "4" ["post_content"]=> string(0) "" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2018-12-05 12:25:58" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(17371) ["post_status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["post_title"]=> string(63) "Financing Higher Education Capital Projects, Technical Appendix" ["post_type"]=> string(10) "attachment" ["slug"]=> string(16) "1218pmr-appendix" ["__type":protected]=> NULL ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(20) "1218pmr-appendix.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "434812" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(38501) "Financing Higher Education Capital Projects Technical Appendices CONTENTS Appendix A. CSU Facilities Analysis Appendix B. School Bond Analysis Appendix C. Comparison Institutions Patrick Murphy, Radhika Mehlotra, and Kevin Cook with research support from Dennis Su Supported with funding from the College Futures Foundation and the Sutton Family Fund Appendix A. CSU Facilities Analysis For the CSU facilities analysis, PPIC used data provided by the California State University’s Capital Planning, Design and Construction (CPDC) department. These data are reported on an annual basis by each of the 23 main campuses and off-campus centers, reviewed by CPDC and made available to the public. These campus reports contain facility detail information, including ownership, completion (original build) and renovation dates. The most updated version of the report was made available in July of 2018.1 The analysis pertaining to tables A1, A2, and A3 provides information regarding the completion and renovation ages of the facilities, along with their ownership status. The data provided by the CSU contains eight different ownership codes; all of which, also indicate the source of funding, and availability of use by university. The codes are as follows: State owned, State funded State owned, Deed/Gifted to State State owned, Donor Fund State owned, Dual Funded Non-state owned, Non-state Funded Non-state owned, Donor/private Funded Current lease/rental agreement (State) Other Given the overview nature of the report, the codes were grouped into “State-owned” and “Non-state owned” for the analysis. Therefore, codes 1-4 were categorized as “State-owned” and 5, 6, and 8 as “Non-State owned.” Facilities corresponding with code 7, Current lease/rental agreement (State), were excluded from the analysis since the system does not consider them as part of their stock of facilities. Of the 2,136 total facilities in the report provided, 59 facilities were excluded, bringing the total stock analyzed to 2,077 facilities. Table A1 contains information regarding all facilities (2,077), Table A2 regarding State-owned assets (1,545), and Table A3 regarding Non-state owned facilities (532). In calculating the completion and renovation ages of the facilities, PPIC used December 31, 2018 as the reference date and rounded to the nearest year. The data include completion years that range from 1900 – 2019 and renovation years that range from 1987 – 2018. The four facilities that correspond with a post-July 2018 or 2019 completion date, including September 2018 (1), January 2019 (2), and June 2019 (1), their calculated age equaled 0. Similarly, the five facilities that included a 2018 renovation date also equaled 0 in renovation age. These facilities were, therefore, included in the counts of facilities but not in the average age calculations. The report also included facilities without completion, renovation, or any date. Of the total stock of 2,077 nonleased facilities, 89 facilities did not include a completion date, 1,865 did not include a renovation date, and 80 were reported without either date. These facilities are included in the counts of facilities but not in the average age calculations. 1 To compare CSU’s state of facilities to the UC’s, PPIC relied on University of California’s Capital Financial Plan 2017–27. According to UCOP, “approximately 56% of the University’s State eligible space is more than 30 years old. UC’s most common deferred maintenance (DM) projects include replacement and major repairs of systems and assets that have reach their end of useful life.” PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 2 TABLE A1 Facilities Analysis by California State University Campus California State University campus Total number of facilities Average completion age (n = 1,988) Total number of renovated facilities Average renovation age (n = 212) Bakersfield 79 27 3 7 Chancellor's Office 2 22 0 n/a Channel Islands 51 41 23 12 Chico 81 42 7 23 Dominguez Hills 50 36 7 13 East Bay 54 32 3 18 Fresno 179 46 4 17 Fullerton 136 33 7 12 Humboldt 107 47 9 14 Long Beach 109 41 14 17 Los Angeles 42 32 6 11 Maritime Academy 54 37 7 3 Monterey Bay 152 29 55 19 Northridge 98 30 10 10 Pomona 188 39 4 13 Sacramento 74 35 4 10 San Bernardino 69 28 8 10 San Diego 155 37 5 10 San Francisco 68 51 8 14 San Jose 71 42 8 8 San Luis Obispo 121 44 12 11 San Marcos 28 16 1 8 Sonoma 47 32 2 14 Stanislaus 62 31 5 11 All 2,077 37 212 14 SOURCE: CSU Campus Facility Report received July 10, 2018. NOTES: This analysis only includes non-leased facilities. In addition, “n/a” values appear for renovation age whenever the number of renovated facilities equals 0. PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 3 TABLE A2 State-owned Facilities Analysis by California State University Campus California State University campus Total number of facilities Average completion age (n = 1,487) Total number of renovated facilities Average renovation age (n = 168) Bakersfield 56 28 3 7 Chancellor's Office 2 22 0 n/a Channel Islands 38 50 21 12 Chico 62 44 7 23 Dominguez Hills 36 42 5 14 East Bay 40 37 3 18 Fresno 156 48 3 16 Fullerton 88 40 5 14 Humboldt 78 52 8 13 Long Beach 72 44 10 19 Los Angeles 33 35 5 12 Maritime Academy 47 39 2 9 Monterey Bay 132 29 45 19 Northridge 56 35 7 11 Pomona 144 41 2 10 Sacramento 47 43 1 23 San Bernardino 45 27 6 10 San Diego 112 41 5 10 San Francisco 49 59 6 14 San Jose 53 47 7 9 San Luis Obispo 94 44 9 10 San Marcos 20 18 1 8 Sonoma 37 34 2 14 Stanislaus 48 34 5 11 All 1,545 41 168 15 SOURCE: CSU Campus Facility Report received July 10, 2018. NOTES: This analysis only includes non-leased facilities. In addition, “n/a” values appear for renovation age whenever the number of renovated facilities equals 0. PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 4 TABLE A3 Non state-owned Facilities Analysis by California State University Campus California State University campus Total number of facilities Average completion age (n = 501) Total number of renovated facilities Average renovation age (n = 44) Bakersfield 23 24 0 n/a Chancellor's Office 0 n/a 0 n/a Channel Islands 13 21 2 6 Chico 19 33 0 n/a Dominguez Hills 14 20 2 12 East Bay 14 18 0 n/a Fresno 23 35 1 21 Fullerton 48 21 2 8 Humboldt 29 35 1 16 Long Beach 37 34 4 11 Los Angeles 9 23 1 6 Maritime Academy 7 14 5 1 Monterey Bay 20 30 10 19 Northridge 42 23 3 8 Pomona 44 31 2 16 Sacramento 27 21 3 5 San Bernardino 24 31 2 11 San Diego 43 24 0 n/a San Francisco 19 30 2 12 San Jose 18 29 1 3 San Luis Obispo 27 41 3 14 San Marcos 8 9 0 n/a Sonoma 10 22 0 n/a Stanislaus 14 21 0 n/a All 532 27 44 11 SOURCE: CSU Campus Facility Report received July 10, 2018. NOTES: This analysis only includes non-leased facilities. In addition, “n/a” values appear for completion and renovation age whenever the number of total and renovated facilities equals 0. In addition to age, renovation, and ownership information, the data include details such as facility function, condition, construction status, Master Plan status, and square footage. A detailed investigation of the facilities across these variables was beyond the scope of this project. Examining this nuanced information will be integral to planning for increased capacity as the system works to close the skills gap by 2030. PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 5 Appendix B. School Bond Analysis For the analysis of bond elections, PPIC relied on data gathered by Sacramento State’s Institute of Social Research. The California Elections Data Archive (CEDA) is a joint project amongst the Center for California Studies, the Institute for Social Research, and the Office of the California Secretary of State. CEDA provides ballot measure results for county, city, community college, and school district elections dating back to 1996. For the purposes of this report, PPIC examined community college and school district measures from 1996–2016. The data are ordered by year and county, and include two identifying fields for each measure that appeared on a ballot. The “MeasID” identifier appears for each measure assuming single-county. The “Multi_MeasID” identifies measures across counties for multi-county measures. This means that any measure that is proposed by more than one county shares the same “Multi_MeasID.” This identifier also exists for single-county measures but appears only once since the measure is proposed by one county for those instances. PPIC relied on a de-duplicated list of “Multi-MeasID” to gather information on community college and school district bonds. Duplicative measures were omitted in order to account for the number and value of measures only once. Table B1 provides a descriptive analysis of the Community College general obligation bonds proposed and passed between 1996 and 2016. Over this time period the passage rate, along with the median and total bond value of approved measures increases significantly. TABLE B1 Community College (CC) General Obligation Bonds 1996–2016 Years 1996-2000 CC measures proposed 19 Median bond value proposed $98,000,000 CC measures passed 8 2001-2005 65 $160,000,000 55 2006-2010 32 $290,750,000 24 2011-2016 42 $349,000,000 SOURCE: California Elections Data Archive 36 Passage rate 42% 85% 75% 86% Total bond value passed $753,304,000 $10,281,688,278 $10,406,942,012 $15,597,401,000 Median bond value passed $87,177,000 $161,000,000 $296,250,000 $350,000,000 Table B2 provides a descriptive analysis of K–12 general obligation bonds proposed and passed between 1996 and 2016. Since community college districts are governed much like the K–12 districts, providing this information offers additional context for school bonds at large. Despite their shared governance structure, the two systems vary greatly in size. There are 1,026 K–12 school districts that serve more than 6.2 million students. In comparison, nearly 2.1 million students attend 114 community college campuses in 72 districts in the state. Therefore, K–12 districts propose and pass many more measures than community college districts but those measures are lesser in value. PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 6 TABLE B2 K–12 General Obligation Bonds 1996–2016 Years 1996-2000 K–12 measures proposed 453 Median bond value proposed $20,500,000 2001-2005 375 $20,000,000 2006-2010 376 $34,000,000 2011-2016 517 $40,800,000 SOURCE: California Elections Data Archive K–12 measures passed 280 298 286 443 Passage rate 62% 79% 76% 86% Total bond value passed $10,898,038,884 $26,626,787,071 $34,186,827,000 $43,773,275,462 Median bond value passed $20,000,000 $22,000,000 $40,000,000 $45,000,000 Table B3 offers insight into measure threshold levels after the passage of Proposition 39 in 2000. While the number of proposed measures requiring a 55% threshold increased significantly among K-12 and community college districts between 2000 and 2001, the number of measures requiring a two-thirds majority decreased. Over time, most K-12 and community college district measures have come to require a 55% threshold level (100% of community college and 95% of K-12 measures between 2011 and 2016). TABLE B3 K–12 and Community College (CC) proposed measures by threshold 1996–2016 Years 1996-2000 K–12 total measures CC total measures K–12 majority measures CC majority measures 453 19 2 0 K–12 measures 55% threshold 0 2001-2005 375 65 23 3 272 2006-2010 376 32 1 0 348 2011-2016 517 42 2 0 492 SOURCE: California Elections Data Archive CC measures 55% threshold 0 54 32 42 K–12 measures 66.67% threshold 451 80 27 23 CC measures 66.67% threshold 19 8 0 0 PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 7 Appendix C. Comparison Institutions University of California Comparison Group Institutions Arizona State University-Tempe Colorado State University-Fort Collins Florida State University Georgia Institute of Technology-Main Campus Georgia State University Indiana University-Bloomington Iowa State University Louisiana State University Michigan State University Mississippi State University Montana State University North Carolina State University at Raleigh North Dakota State University-Main Campus Ohio State University-Main Campus Oregon State University Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus Purdue University-Main Campus Stony Brook University SUNY at Albany Texas A & M University-College Station The University of Tennessee-Knoxville The University of Texas at Austin University at Buffalo University of Alabama at Birmingham University of Alabama in Huntsville University of Arizona University of Arkansas University of Central Florida University of Cincinnati-Main Campus University of Colorado Boulder University of Connecticut University of Delaware University of Florida University of Georgia University of Hawaii at Manoa University of Houston University of Illinois at Chicago University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Kentucky University of Louisville University of Maryland-College Park University of Michigan-Ann Arbor University of Minnesota-Twin Cities University of Missouri-Columbia University of Nebraska-Lincoln University of New Mexico-Main Campus University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University of Oklahoma-Norman Campus University of Oregon University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh Campus University of South Carolina-Columbia University of South Florida-Main Campus University of Utah University of Virginia-Main Campus University of Washington-Seattle Campus University of Wisconsin-Madison Virginia Commonwealth University Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Washington State University Wayne State University PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 8 California State University Comparison Group Institutions Adams State University Alabama A & M University Alabama State University Albany State University Alcorn State University Angelo State University Appalachian State University Arkansas State University-Main Campus Arkansas Tech University Armstrong State University Auburn University Auburn University at Montgomery Austin Peay State University Ball State University Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania Boise State University Bowling Green State University-Main Campus Bridgewater State University California University of Pennsylvania Central Connecticut State University Central Washington University Chicago State University Citadel Military College of South Carolina Clarion University of Pennsylvania Clemson University Cleveland State University College of Charleston College of William and Mary Colorado School of Mines Columbus State University CUNY City College Delaware State University Delta State University East Central University East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania Eastern Illinois University Eastern Kentucky University Eastern Michigan University Eastern Washington University Edinboro University of Pennsylvania Emporia State University Fayetteville State University Ferris State University Fitchburg State University Florida Atlantic University Florida International University Fort Hays State University Framingham State University Frostburg State University George Mason University Georgia College and State University Governors State University Grambling State University Grand Valley State University Henderson State University Idaho State University Indiana University-Northwest Indiana University-Purdue University-Fort Wayne Indiana University-Purdue University-Indianapolis Indiana University-South Bend Indiana University-Southeast Jackson State University Jacksonville State University James Madison University Kansas State University Kean University Kennesaw State University Kent State University at Kent Kutztown University of Pennsylvania Longwood University Louisiana State University-Shreveport Louisiana Tech University Mansfield University of Pennsylvania Marshall University McNeese State University Metropolitan State University Miami University-Oxford Michigan Technological University Midwestern State University Millersville University of Pennsylvania Minnesota State University Moorhead Minnesota State University-Mankato Mississippi Valley State University Missouri State University-Springfield Montana State University-Billings Montclair State University PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 9 Morehead State University Murray State University New Jersey City University New Jersey Institute of Technology New Mexico Highlands University New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Nicholls State University Norfolk State University North Carolina Central University Northeastern Illinois University Northeastern State University Northern Arizona University Northern Illinois University Northern Kentucky University Northern Michigan University Northwest Missouri State University Northwestern State University of Louisiana Ohio University-Main Campus Oklahoma State University-Main Campus Old Dominion University Peru State College Pittsburg State University Portland State University Prairie View A & M University Purdue University-Calumet Campus Radford University Ramapo College of New Jersey Rhode Island College Rowan University Rutgers University-Camden Saginaw Valley State University Saint Cloud State University Salem State University Salisbury University Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania South Dakota State University Southeast Missouri State University Southeastern Louisiana University Southeastern Oklahoma State University Southern Arkansas University Main Campus Southern Connecticut State University Southern Illinois University-Carbondale Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville Southern Oregon University Southern University and A & M College Southern University at New Orleans Southern Utah University Southwest Minnesota State University Southwestern Oklahoma State University State University of New York at New Paltz Stephen F Austin State University Stockton University Sul Ross State University SUNY at Binghamton SUNY at Fredonia SUNY Buffalo State SUNY College at Brockport SUNY College at Cortland SUNY College at Oswego SUNY College at Plattsburgh SUNY College at Potsdam SUNY Empire State College SUNY Institute of Technology at Utica-Rome Tarleton State University Temple University Tennessee Technological University Texas A & M International University Texas A & M University-Texarkana Texas State University Texas Tech University The College of New Jersey The Lincoln University The University of Alabama The University of Montana Towson University Troy University Truman State University University of Akron Main Campus University of Alaska Fairbanks University of Baltimore University of Central Arkansas University of Central Missouri University of Central Oklahoma University of Colorado-Colorado Springs University of Colorado Denver University of Houston-Clear Lake University of Houston-Victoria University of Idaho University of Louisiana at Lafayette PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 10 University of Louisiana at Monroe University of Maine University of Mary Washington University of Maryland-Baltimore County University of Maryland-University College University of Massachusetts-Boston University of Memphis University of Michigan-Dearborn University of Michigan-Flint University of Minnesota-Duluth University of Mississippi University of Montevallo University of Nebraska at Kearney University of Nevada-Las Vegas University of Nevada-Reno University of New Hampshire-Main Campus University of New Orleans University of North Alabama University of North Carolina at Greensboro University of North Carolina at Pembroke University of North Carolina Wilmington University of North Dakota University of North Florida University of North Texas University of Northern Iowa University of Rhode Island University of South Alabama University of South Dakota University of Southern Indiana University of Southern Mississippi University of Toledo University of Vermont University of West Alabama University of West Georgia University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire University of Wisconsin-La Crosse University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh University of Wisconsin-Platteville University of Wisconsin-River Falls University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point University of Wisconsin-Stout University of Wisconsin-Whitewater University of Wyoming Utah State University Valdosta State University Washburn University Wayne State College Weber State University West Chester University of Pennsylvania West Texas A & M University West Virginia University Western Carolina University Western Connecticut State University Western Illinois University Western Kentucky University Western Michigan University Western New Mexico University Western Oregon University Western Washington University Westfield State University Wichita State University William Paterson University of New Jersey Winona State University Winston-Salem State University Winthrop University Worcester State University Wright State University-Main Campus Youngstown State University PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 11 California Community Colleges Comparison Group Institutions Adirondack Community College Aiken Technical College Aims Community College Alamance Community College Albany Technical College Alexandria Technical & Community College Allegany College of Maryland Allen County Community College Alpena Community College Alvin Community College Amarillo College American Samoa Community College Angelina College Anne Arundel Community College Anoka Technical College Anoka-Ramsey Community College Arapahoe Community College Arizona Western College Arkansas Northeastern College Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community College Asnuntuck Community College Athens Technical College Atlantic Cape Community College Austin Community College District Bainbridge State College Baltimore City Community College Barton County Community College Bates Technical College Bay de Noc Community College Bellingham Technical College Belmont College Bergen Community College Berkshire Community College Bevill State Community College Big Bend Community College Bishop State Community College Black Hawk College Black River Technical College Blackhawk Technical College Blinn College Blue Mountain Community College Blue Ridge Community College NC Blue Ridge Community College VA Bossier Parish Community College Bristol Community College Brookdale Community College Brookhaven College Broward College Bucks County Community College Bunker Hill Community College Burlington County College Butler Community College Butler County Community College Caldwell Community College and Technical Institute Camden County College Cape Cod Community College Cape Fear Community College Capital Area Technical College Carl Albert State College Carl Sandburg College Casper College Catawba Valley Community College Cayuga County Community College Cecil College Cedar Valley College Central Alabama Community College Central Arizona College Central Carolina Community College Central Carolina Technical College Central Community College Central New Mexico Community College Central Ohio Technical College Central Oregon Community College Central Piedmont Community College Central Virginia Community College Central Wyoming College Centralia College Century College Chattahoochee Technical College Chattahoochee Valley Community College Chattanooga State Community College Chemeketa Community College Chesapeake College Chippewa Valley Technical College Cisco College Clackamas Community College Clatsop Community College Cleveland Community College Cleveland State Community College Clinton Community College Cloud County Community College Clover Park Technical College Clovis Community College Coastal Bend College Coastal Carolina Community College Cochise County Community College District Colby Community College College of Central Florida College of Coastal Georgia College of DuPage College of Lake County College of Micronesia-FSM College of Southern Idaho College of Southern Maryland College of the Albemarle College of the Mainland Colorado Mountain College Colorado Northwestern Community College Columbia Basin College Columbia State Community College Columbus Technical College Community College of Aurora PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 12 Community College of Beaver County Community College of Denver Community College of Rhode Island Connors State College Copiah-Lincoln Community College Corning Community College County College of Morris Cowley County Community College Craven Community College Crowder College Cumberland County College Cuyahoga Community College District Dakota County Technical College Danville Area Community College Danville Community College Darton State College Davidson County Community College Davis Applied Technology College Del Mar College Delaware County Community College Delaware Technical Community College-Owens Delaware Technical Community College-Stanton/Wilmington Delaware Technical Community College-Terry Delgado Community College Delta College Des Moines Area Community College Dodge City Community College Dutchess Community College Dyersburg State Community College East Central College East Central Community College East Mississippi Community College Eastern Arizona College Eastern Florida State College Eastern Gateway Community College Eastern Iowa Community College District Eastern Maine Community College Eastfield College Edgecombe Community College Edison State Community College Edmonds Community College El Centro College El Paso Community College Elgin Community College Enterprise State Community College Erie Community College Essex County College Fayetteville Technical Community College Finger Lakes Community College Flathead Valley Community College Florence-Darlington Technical College Florida Gateway College Fort Scott Community College Fox Valley Technical College Frederick Community College Front Range Community College Fulton-Montgomery Community College Gadsden State Community College Galveston College Garden City Community College Gaston College GateWay Community College - AZ Gateway Community College - CT Gateway Technical College Genesee Community College George C Wallace State Community College-Dothan George C Wallace State Community College-Hanceville George C Wallace State Community College-Selma Georgia Highlands College Georgia Northwestern Technical College Georgia Piedmont Technical College Germanna Community College Glendale Community College Grays Harbor College Grayson College Green River Community College Greenfield Community College Greenville Technical College Guilford Technical Community College Gulf Coast State College Gwinnett Technical College Hagerstown Community College Harford Community College Harrisburg Area Community College-Harrisburg Hawkeye Community College Haywood Community College Hennepin Technical College Henry Ford Community College Herkimer County Community College Highland Community College - IL Highland Community College - KS Highline College Hill College Hillsborough Community College Hocking College Holmes Community College Holyoke Community College Horry-Georgetown Technical College Housatonic Community College Houston Community College Howard College Howard Community College Hutchinson Community College Illinois Central College Illinois Valley Community College Indian Hills Community College Instituto Tecnologico de Puerto Rico-Recinto de San Juan Inver Hills Community College Iowa Central Community College Iowa Lakes Community College Iowa Western Community College Isothermal Community College Itawamba Community College PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 13 J Sargeant Reynolds Community College Jackson College Jackson State Community College James A Rhodes State College James H Faulkner State Community College Jamestown Community College Jefferson College Jefferson Community and Technical College Jefferson Community College Jefferson State Community College John A Logan College John C Calhoun State Community College John Tyler Community College John Wood Community College Johnson County Community College Johnston Community College Joliet Junior College Jones County Junior College Kalamazoo Valley Community College Kankakee Community College Kaskaskia College Kellogg Community College Kennebec Valley Community College Kilgore College Kirkwood Community College Kirtland Community College Kishwaukee College Labette Community College Lake Land College Lake Michigan College Lake Region State College Lake Superior College Lake Washington Institute of Technology Lakeland Community College Lakeshore Technical College Lake-Sumter State College Lane Community College Lanier Technical College Lansing Community College Laramie County Community College Laredo Community College Lawson State Community CollegeBirmingham Campus Lee College Lehigh Carbon Community College Lenoir Community College Lewis and Clark Community College Lincoln Land Community College Linn-Benton Community College Lone Star College System Lord Fairfax Community College Lower Columbia College Luzerne County Community College Macomb Community College Madison Area Technical College Manchester Community College CT Manchester Community College NH Marion Technical College Massachusetts Bay Community College Massasoit Community College McHenry County College McLennan Community College Mercer County Community College Meridian Community College Mesa Community College Metropolitan Community College Area Metropolitan Community CollegeKansas City Mid Michigan Community College Middlesex Community College - CT Middlesex Community College MA Middlesex County College Midlands Technical College Mid-South Community College Mid-State Technical College Milwaukee Area Technical College Mineral Area College Minnesota State College-Southeast Technical Minnesota State Community and Technical College Minnesota West Community and Technical College Mississippi Delta Community College Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College Mitchell Community College Moberly Area Community College Mohave Community College Mohawk Valley Community College Monroe Community College Monroe County Community College Montcalm Community College Montgomery College Montgomery County Community College Moraine Park Technical College Moraine Valley Community College Morgan Community College Morton College Motlow State Community College Mott Community College Moultrie Technical College Mount Wachusett Community College Mountain Empire Community College Mountain View College Mt Hood Community College Murray State College Nash Community College Nashua Community College Nashville State Community College Nassau Community College National Park Community College Naugatuck Valley Community College Navarro College Neosho County Community College New Mexico Junior College New River Community College PPIC.ORG Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 14 NHTI-Concord's Community College Niagara County Community College Normandale Community College North Arkansas College North Central Michigan College North Central State College North Central Texas College North Dakota State College of Science North Hennepin Community College North Idaho College North Iowa Area Community College North Lake College North Seattle College North Shore Community College Northampton County Area Community College Northcentral Technical College Northeast Alabama Community College Northeast Community College Northeast Iowa Community College Northeast Mississippi Community College Northeast State Community College Northeast Texas Community College Northeast Wisconsin Technical College Northeastern Junior College Northeastern Oklahoma A&M College Northern Essex Community College Northern Oklahoma College Northern Virginia Community College Northland Community and Technical College Northland Pioneer College Northwest Mississippi Community College Northwest State Community College Northwestern Connecticut Community College Northwestern Michigan College Northwest-Shoals Community College PPIC.ORG Norwalk Community College Oakland Community College Oakton Community College Ocean County College Odessa College Ogden-Weber Applied Technology College Olney Central College Onondaga Community College Orange County Community College Orangeburg Calhoun Technical College Owens Community College Ozarks Technical Community College Palm Beach State College Panola College Paris Junior College Parkland College Pasco-Hernando State College Passaic County Community College Patrick Henry Community College Pearl River Community College Pellissippi State Community College Pensacola State College Phoenix College Piedmont Community College Piedmont Technical College Piedmont Virginia Community College Pierce College-Fort Steilacoom Pikes Peak Community College Pima Community College Pitt Community College Polk State College Portland Community College Prairie State College Prince George's Community College Prince William Sound Community College Pueblo Community College Quincy College Quinebaug Valley Community College Randolph Community College Rappahannock Community College Raritan Valley Community College Reading Area Community College Red Rocks Community College Redlands Community College Rend Lake College Renton Technical College Richland College Richland Community College Ridgewater College Rio Salado College Riverland Community College Roane State Community College Robeson Community College Rochester Community and Technical College Rock Valley College Rockingham Community College Rockland Community College Rogue Community College Rose State College Rowan College at Gloucester County Rowan-Cabarrus Community College Roxbury Community College Saint Johns River State College Salem Community College Salt Lake Community College San Antonio College San Jacinto Community College San Juan College Sandhills Community College Santa Fe College Santa Fe Community College Sauk Valley Community College Savannah Technical College Schoolcraft College Seattle Central College Seminole State College Seminole State College of Florida Shawnee Community College Shelton State Community College Sheridan College Shoreline Community College Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 15 Skagit Valley College Snead State Community College Snow College South Central College South Florida State College South Georgia Technical College South Mountain Community College South Piedmont Community College South Plains College South Puget Sound Community College South Suburban College Southeast Arkansas College Southeast Community College Area Southeast Technical Institute Southeastern Community College - IA Southeastern Community College - NC Southeastern Illinois College Southern Crescent Technical College Southern Maine Community College Southern State Community College Southern West Virginia Community and Technical College Southside Virginia Community College Southwest Tennessee Community College Southwest Texas Junior College Southwest Virginia Community College Southwest Wisconsin Technical College Southwestern Community College Southwestern Illinois College Southwestern Michigan College Southwestern Oregon Community College Spokane Community College Spokane Falls Community College Spoon River College St Clair County Community College St Cloud Technical and Community College Stanly Community College Stark State College PPIC.ORG State College of Florida-ManateeSarasota State Fair Community College SUNY Broome Community College SUNY Westchester Community College Surry Community College Sussex County Community College Tacoma Community College Tallahassee Community College Technical College of the Lowcountry Temple College Terra State Community College Texarkana College Texas State Technical CollegeHarlingen Thomas Nelson Community College Three Rivers Community College - CT Three Rivers Community College MO Tidewater Community College Tompkins Cortland Community College Treasure Valley Community College Tri-County Technical College Trident Technical College Trinidad State Junior College Trinity Valley Community College Triton College Truckee Meadows Community College Tulsa Community College Tunxis Community College Tyler Junior College Ulster County Community College Umpqua Community College Union County College Valencia College Vance-Granville Community College Vernon College Victoria College Virginia Highlands Community College Virginia Western Community College Volunteer State Community College Wake Technical Community College Walla Walla Community College Walters State Community College Warren County Community College Washington State Community College Waubonsee Community College Waukesha County Technical College Wayne Community College Wayne County Community College District Weatherford College Wenatchee Valley College West Georgia Technical College West Virginia Northern Community College Western Iowa Tech Community College Western Oklahoma State College Western Piedmont Community College Western Technical College Western Texas College Western Wyoming Community College Westmoreland County Community College Wharton County Junior College Whatcom Community College Wichita Area Technical College Wilkes Community College William Rainey Harper College Wilson Community College Wiregrass Georgia Technical College Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College Wor-Wic Community College Wytheville Community College Yakima Valley Community College Yavapai College York Technical College Zane State College Technical Appendices Financing Higher Education Capital Projects 16 The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research. Public Policy Institute of California 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, CA 94111 T: 415.291.4400 F: 415.291.4401 PPIC.ORG PPIC Sacramento Center Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, CA 95814 T: 916.440.1120 F: 916.440.1121" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2018-12-05 20:25:58" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(16) "1218pmr-appendix" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2018-12-05 12:26:19" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2018-12-05 20:26:19" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["guid"]=> string(60) "https://www.ppic.org/wp-content/uploads/1218pmr-appendix.pdf" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_mime_type"]=> string(15) "application/pdf" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" ["status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["attachment_authors"]=> bool(false) }