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JTF FullDayKJTF

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JTF FullDayKJTF

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object(Timber\Post)#3742 (44) { ["ImageClass"]=> string(12) "Timber\Image" ["PostClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Post" ["TermClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Term" ["object_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["custom"]=> array(5) { ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(19) "JTF_FullDayKJTF.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "140444" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(4724) "FULL-DAY KINDERGARTEN IN CALIFORNIA FEBRUARY 2009 ? ? ABOUT TWO THIRDS OF U.S. KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN ATTEND FULL-DAY CLASSES. California1has1traditionally1offered1half,day1kindergarten1classes,1lagging1behind1an1increasing1 national1trend1toward1full,day1classes.1Full,day1and1half,day1classes1are1defined1in1terms1of1the1 number1of1instructional1hours1spent1in1the1classroom,1not1the1total1number1of1hours1at1school.11 Thus1lunchtime,1for1example,1is1not1counted1as1instructional1time.1California?s1half,day1classes1offer1 up1to1four1hours1of1instruction1per1day.1Full,day1classes1offer1more1than1four1hours1of1instruction,1 with1about180%1of1full,day1classes1providing1at1least1five1hours1of1instruction1per1day.1 ? ? ? THE PERCENTAGE OF CALIFORNIA STUDENTS IN FULL-DAY CLASSES HAS INCREASED DRAMATICALLY. Only111%1of1California1public1school1kindergartners1attended1full,day1classes1in1the12000?011school1 year.1In12007?08,1nearly1half1(43%)1of1the1state?s1kindergartners1were1attending1full,day1classes.1This1 notable1increase1was1due1in1part1to1rule1changes1that1now1allow1districts1to1offer1full,day1classes1 without1seeking1waivers1from1the1State1Board1of1Education.11 ? ? ? 1 lly1disadvantaged1student1enrollment1(60%)1than1 schools1offering1half,day1kindergarten1(45%).1 ? ? th1a191or1101API1rank11 (i.e.,1well,above1average),130%1of1children1are1enrolled1in1full,day1classes.1 ? ? only118%1of1kindergarten1students1in1the1Inland1Empire1(Riverside1and1San1Bernardino1Counties).11 ? ? ten1has1provided1little1evidence1of1long,term1academic1benefits1beyond1 ten1or1first1grade.1 1 SBLACKS, HISPANICS, AND ENGLISH LEARNERS ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE ENROLLED IN FULL-DAY CLA Full,day1kindergarten1enrollment1is1higher1for1blacks1(49%)1and1Hispanics1(49%)1than1for1Asians1 (37%)1and1whites1(36%).1About148%1of1kindergartners1who1are1English1learners1are1in1full,day1 programs,1compared1to140%1of1non,English,learners.1 SES. FULL-DAY KINDERGARTEN IS MORE COMMON IN ECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED SCHOOLS. In1schools1where1more1than1half1of1the1students1are1designated1as1economically1disadvantaged,11 52%1of1kindergartners1are1in1full,day1classes,1compared1to143%1across1all1schools.1Schools1offering full,day1kindergarten1have1a1higher1economica LOWER-PERFORMING SCHOOLS ARE MORE LIKELY TO OFFER FULL-DAY CLASSES. In1schools1with1an1Academic1Performance1Index1(API)1rank1of111or121(i.e.,1well,below1average),11 53%1of1children1are1enrolled1in1full,day1kindergarten1classes.1In1schools1wi THE AVAILABILITY OF FULL-DAY KINDERGARTEN VARIES WIDELY ACROSS REGIONS OF THE STATE. In1Los1Angeles1County,174%1of1kindergarten1students1are1enrolled1in1full,day1classes,1compared1to1 PARENTS AND EDUCATORS PERCEIVE AN ACADEMIC BENEFIT FROM FULL-DAY CLASSES, BUT RESEARCH SUPPORT IS LIMITED. In1addition1to1the1perceived1academic1advantage,1full,day1classes1may1provide1practical1benefits,1 such1as1free1child1care,1which1may1be1especially1important1for1working1parents.1However,1research1 to1date1on1full,day1kindergar kindergar www.ppic.org Percentage of California Public School Kindergarten Students in Full-Day Classes 50 40 43 39 30 33 % 20 22 13 15 10 12 11 www.ppic.org 0 2000?01 2001?02 2002?032003?04 2006?07 2004?052005?062007?08 School Year Students in Full-Day Kindergarten by Region, 2007?08 California Bay Area Inland Empire Los Angeles County Orange & San Diego Counties % of students in full-day classes 43 39 18 74 37 Race/Ethnicity % Hispanic 49 40 19 79 33 % White 36 37 16 55 38 % Black 49 43 14 79 74 % Asian 37 34 13 66 39 % English learners 48 41 20 80 35 % in high-ED school 52 48 20 82 40 % in high API school (9 or 10) 30 30 15 48 29 % in low API school (1 or 2) 53 41 27 85 37 Source: PPIC survey of California public schools, 2007?2008. Notes: (1) Percentages are based on a response from 73% of schools with kindergarten enrollment in the 2007?08 school year (N=4,106), which is generally representative of the state?s kindergarten students. (2) High-ED = greater than 50% of school?s students are economically disadvantaged. (3) API = Academic Performance Index (10=highest, 1=lowest) (4) Counties included in Bay Area region include Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma. Contact: Jill Cannon Supported with funding by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation." } ["___content":protected]=> string(116) "

JTF FullDayKJTF

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California1has1traditionally1offered1half,day1kindergarten1classes,1lagging1behind1an1increasing1 national1trend1toward1full,day1classes.1Full,day1and1half,day1classes1are1defined1in1terms1of1the1 number1of1instructional1hours1spent1in1the1classroom,1not1the1total1number1of1hours1at1school.11 Thus1lunchtime,1for1example,1is1not1counted1as1instructional1time.1California?s1half,day1classes1offer1 up1to1four1hours1of1instruction1per1day.1Full,day1classes1offer1more1than1four1hours1of1instruction,1 with1about180%1of1full,day1classes1providing1at1least1five1hours1of1instruction1per1day.1 ? ? ? THE PERCENTAGE OF CALIFORNIA STUDENTS IN FULL-DAY CLASSES HAS INCREASED DRAMATICALLY. Only111%1of1California1public1school1kindergartners1attended1full,day1classes1in1the12000?011school1 year.1In12007?08,1nearly1half1(43%)1of1the1state?s1kindergartners1were1attending1full,day1classes.1This1 notable1increase1was1due1in1part1to1rule1changes1that1now1allow1districts1to1offer1full,day1classes1 without1seeking1waivers1from1the1State1Board1of1Education.11 ? ? ? 1 lly1disadvantaged1student1enrollment1(60%)1than1 schools1offering1half,day1kindergarten1(45%).1 ? ? th1a191or1101API1rank11 (i.e.,1well,above1average),130%1of1children1are1enrolled1in1full,day1classes.1 ? ? only118%1of1kindergarten1students1in1the1Inland1Empire1(Riverside1and1San1Bernardino1Counties).11 ? ? ten1has1provided1little1evidence1of1long,term1academic1benefits1beyond1 ten1or1first1grade.1 1 SBLACKS, HISPANICS, AND ENGLISH LEARNERS ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE ENROLLED IN FULL-DAY CLA Full,day1kindergarten1enrollment1is1higher1for1blacks1(49%)1and1Hispanics1(49%)1than1for1Asians1 (37%)1and1whites1(36%).1About148%1of1kindergartners1who1are1English1learners1are1in1full,day1 programs,1compared1to140%1of1non,English,learners.1 SES. FULL-DAY KINDERGARTEN IS MORE COMMON IN ECONOMICALLY DISADVANTAGED SCHOOLS. In1schools1where1more1than1half1of1the1students1are1designated1as1economically1disadvantaged,11 52%1of1kindergartners1are1in1full,day1classes,1compared1to143%1across1all1schools.1Schools1offering full,day1kindergarten1have1a1higher1economica LOWER-PERFORMING SCHOOLS ARE MORE LIKELY TO OFFER FULL-DAY CLASSES. In1schools1with1an1Academic1Performance1Index1(API)1rank1of111or121(i.e.,1well,below1average),11 53%1of1children1are1enrolled1in1full,day1kindergarten1classes.1In1schools1wi THE AVAILABILITY OF FULL-DAY KINDERGARTEN VARIES WIDELY ACROSS REGIONS OF THE STATE. In1Los1Angeles1County,174%1of1kindergarten1students1are1enrolled1in1full,day1classes,1compared1to1 PARENTS AND EDUCATORS PERCEIVE AN ACADEMIC BENEFIT FROM FULL-DAY CLASSES, BUT RESEARCH SUPPORT IS LIMITED. In1addition1to1the1perceived1academic1advantage,1full,day1classes1may1provide1practical1benefits,1 such1as1free1child1care,1which1may1be1especially1important1for1working1parents.1However,1research1 to1date1on1full,day1kindergar kindergar www.ppic.org Percentage of California Public School Kindergarten Students in Full-Day Classes 50 40 43 39 30 33 % 20 22 13 15 10 12 11 www.ppic.org 0 2000?01 2001?02 2002?032003?04 2006?07 2004?052005?062007?08 School Year Students in Full-Day Kindergarten by Region, 2007?08 California Bay Area Inland Empire Los Angeles County Orange & San Diego Counties % of students in full-day classes 43 39 18 74 37 Race/Ethnicity % Hispanic 49 40 19 79 33 % White 36 37 16 55 38 % Black 49 43 14 79 74 % Asian 37 34 13 66 39 % English learners 48 41 20 80 35 % in high-ED school 52 48 20 82 40 % in high API school (9 or 10) 30 30 15 48 29 % in low API school (1 or 2) 53 41 27 85 37 Source: PPIC survey of California public schools, 2007?2008. Notes: (1) Percentages are based on a response from 73% of schools with kindergarten enrollment in the 2007?08 school year (N=4,106), which is generally representative of the state?s kindergarten students. (2) High-ED = greater than 50% of school?s students are economically disadvantaged. (3) API = Academic Performance Index (10=highest, 1=lowest) (4) Counties included in Bay Area region include Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma. Contact: Jill Cannon Supported with funding by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation." 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