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object(Timber\Post)#3742 (44) { ["ImageClass"]=> string(12) "Timber\Image" ["PostClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Post" ["TermClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Term" ["object_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["custom"]=> array(5) { ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(13) "S_1110MBS.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "568173" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(95734) "& p p i c s tat e w i d e s u r v e y Californians Mark Baldassare Dean Bonner Sonja Petek Nicole Willcoxon in collaboration with The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation CONTENTS About the Survey 2 Press Release 3 Attitudes and Policy Preferences 6 Perceptions and Approval Ratings 14 Regional Map 24 Methodology 25 Questionnaire and Results 27 higher education NOVEMBER 2010 November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 2 ABOUT THE SURVEY The PPIC Statewide Sur vey provides policymakers, the media, and the general public with objective, advocacy- free information on the perceptions, opinions, and public policy preferences of California residents. Inaugurated in April 1998, this is the 111th PPIC Statewide Sur vey in a series that has generated a database that includes the respon ses of more than 236,000 Californians. This sur vey is par t of a PPIC Statewide Sur vey series on K –12 and higher education, environment, and population issues, funded by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. This is the four th PPIC Statewide Sur vey focu sing on higher education. This sur vey seeks to inform state policymakers, encourage discussion, and raise public awareness about the state’s public higher education system —the state’s third largest area of spending. Currently, about 3.6 million students use publicly funded higher education, according to data from the three higher education systems: the California Community Colleges, California State University, and University of California. Higher education is guided by a 1960 master plan that calls for ma king a college education available to ever y qualified California high school graduate. This past year ’s poor economic news brought a renewed focus on higher education issues, with many concerned that neglecting higher education will hur t the state’s future . Students demonstrated repeatedly against tuition and fee increases, the legislature’s joint committee on the master plan met to discuss the issues, and Governor Schwarzenegger highlighted the impor tance of higher education funding in his state of the state speech. The recently passed 2010-2011 state budget included more money for the three systems but funding level s still remain below those of a few years ago. This repor t presents the responses of 2,502 California adult s, inter viewed in multiple languages on landline and cell phones , on these specific topics:  Attitudes and policy preferences, including opinions about state funding for public colleges and universities and preferences for state spending i n this area; concerns about specific steps already taken to deal with reduced funding; preferences for raising revenues and for government policies to help students afford college; and attitudes about the impor tance of higher education to California’s future and whether the state will have enough college- educated residents to meet future needs .  Perceptions and approval ratings , including the perceived impor tance of a college education and of maintaining universal access to higher education for all qualified Californians; ratings of the three branches and assesments of overall conditions ; approval ratings of the governor and legislature on their handling of the system; opinions about affordability and oppor tunity; perceived impor tance of racial and economic diversity; views of the role of community colleges ; and parental concerns about affording their childrens’ college educations.  Time trends, national comparisons, and variations in perceptions, attitudes, and preferences regarding public colleges and universities across five major regions of the state (Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Los Angeles County, Inland Empire, and Orange/San Diego Counties), among Asians, blacks, Lat inos, and non-Hispanic whites, across socioeconomic and political groups, and among parents . This repor t may be downloaded free of charge from our website ( www.ppic.org). For questions about the sur vey, please contact sur vey@ppic.org . Tr y our PPIC Statewide Sur vey interactive tools online at http://www.ppic.org/main/sur vAdvancedSearch.asp. November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 3 PPIC Statewide Survey CONTACT Linda Strean 415-291-4412 Andrew Hattori 415- 291-4417 NEWS RELEASE EMBARGOED: Do not publish or broadcast until 9:00 p.m. PST on Wednesday , November 17, 2010. Para v er este comunicado de prensa en español, por favor visite nuestra página de internet: http://www.ppic.org/main/pressreleaseindex.asp PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY: CALIFORNIANS AND HIGHER EDUCATION Concerns Rise Over Funding of Public Colleges, Universities MORE FAVOR RAISING O WN TAXES THAN INCREA SING STUDENT FEES SAN FRANCISCO, November 17 , 2010 —A strong majority of Californians say state funding for higher education is i nadequate and most would favor more spending on public colleges and universities even if it means less money for other state programs. These are the findings of a statewide survey released today by the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) with support from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. A poor economy and persistent state budget deficit have taken a notable toll on Californians’ views about state funding for public higher education in the PPIC survey— taken before the state legislative analyst projected a $25.4 billion budget shortfall over the next 18 months. Today, 74 percent of residents say the state does not provide enough money for colleges and universities, up 17 p oints from October 2007 (57%). Most Californians (68%) believe that spending for public higher education should be given a high or very high priority— a 14 -point increase from November 2008 (54%) —and 57 percent favor spending more on higher education even at the expense of other programs. Most (62%) are very concerned that the state budget situation will cause significant spending cuts in higher education, up 14 points from November 2008 (48%). As Californians overall have grown more concerned about funding for higher education, parents’ concerns about paying for their children’s college education have also increased. Today, 57 percent of parents with children 18 or younger are very worried about being able to afford college (43% October 2007, 46% November 2008, 50% November 2009). Concern is especially high today among Latino parents, with 72 percent very worried about being able to pay for college —up 19 points since 2007. “Residents se e higher education as crucial —to personal success and to California’s future,” says Mark Baldassare, PPIC president and CEO. “They are clearly worried about the state’s ability to fund public colleges and universities that are high quality and widely accessible.” CALIFORNIANS SPLIT ON INCREASING TAXES T O MAINTAIN FUNDING What steps would residents be willing to take to raise revenue for colleges and universities? They are divided on whether they would pay higher taxes to maintain current funding (49% yes, 49% no), with a strong partisan divide (64% of Democrats yes, 51% of independents and 69% of Republicans no). However, Californians’ willingnes s to pay higher taxes has increased over the last year (41% yes, 56% no in 2009). And they are much more likely to favor raising their own taxes than to raising student fees to maintain current funding (35% yes, 62% no) . Opposition to raising student fee s holds across party lines (63% Democrats, 60% Republicans, 59% independents). ( The PPIC survey was taken before PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 4 the University of California proposed, and California State University approved, fee increases earlier this month. ) A majority of adults (57%) support another idea under consideration: admitting more out -of -state students who pay higher tuition. But support drops to 26 percent if doing so would mean that fewer Califo rnia students would be admitted. Asked about measures colleges and universities have already taken to deal with decreased state funding, Californians are most likely to be very concerned about increasing tuition and fees for student s (65%), followed by admitting fewer students (62%), offering fewer classes (59%), and reducing the pay and hours for college faculty and staff (46%). Although spared from state budget cuts this year, higher education still receives less funding than in earlier years. Most residents (66%) believe educational quality will suffer if state government makes budget cuts to higher education, while 29 percent say educational quality could be maintained. Asked to choose among approaches that would significantly improve the quality of the system, a majority (54%) choose a combination of using funds more wisely and increasing funds, while 34 percent say just using funds more wisely would significantly improve quality, and just 11 percent say a funding increase alone would do so. HIGHER EDUCATION VIE WED AS HIGH PRIORITY FOR NEW GOVERNOR Most adults (75%) nationwide say that a college education is very important (Phi Delta Kappa/ Gallup poll, June 2010), and the PPIC survey shows Californians are even more likely to say so (86%). A strong majority (63%) see a college education as necessary for a person to be successful in today’s work world, while just 35 percent say that there are many ways to succeed without college. Nearly all Californians say that given all of the issues facing the new governor in 2011, planning for the future of the state’s higher education system is very important (76%) or somewhat important (21%). However, confidence in the state government’s ability to plan for the future of California higher education is not high: most residents (57%) have very little or no confidence in the government’s ability to so, while 40 percent have some or a great deal of confidence. This is a reversal from 2007, when 57 percent had some or a great deal of confidence in the state’s ability to plan for the system’s future. MOST SUPPORT UNIVERS AL ACCESS—AND MOST SAY COST IS A BARRIER A key principle of California’s 1960 master plan for higher education was universal access to college for all qualified state residents, and most Californians today concur with this view. Asked whether they think all Californians who are qualifi ed to attend college should have an opportunity to do so, 85 percent say yes and just 12 percent say admissions should be restricted because of the cost to the state. But only 26 percent of Californians think that the vast majority of people qualified to go to college are able to do so and 71 percent say many people don’t have the opportunity. An overwhelming majority (73%) think the price of a college education keeps students who are qualified and motivated from attending. Strong majorities across politi cal, regional, and demographic groups agree. At the same time, a majority (55%) think that almost anyone who needs financial help can get loans or financial aid, while 40 percent disagree. However 74 percent say students must borrow too much money to pay f or a college education. Given Californians’ concerns about college costs, it is not surprising that there is strong support for government programs that make college more af fordable. Large majorities favor increasing government funding for work -study oppo rtunities (88%) and for scholarships and grants (84%). To a lesser degree, they also favor having a sliding scale for tuition and fee costs so that students would pay according to income (72%). PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 5 UC, CSU, COMMUNITY COLLEGES GET GOOD GRA DES While Californians are most likely to identify the state budget situation (74%) or overall affordability (60%) as a big problem in the higher education system, far fewer see quality as a big problem (22%). And as they have since October 2007, strong majorities of residents say each branch of the system is doing a good or excellent job. They view each similarly, with 62 percent saying the California State University system is doing at least a good job (9% excellent, 53% good) and 64 percent saying the same for the University of California (15% excellent, 49% good) and community college system (13% excellent, 51% good). Asked specifically about the role of community colleges, a plurality (41%) say the most important goal for this branch of higher education is preparing student s to transfer to four-year schools. Fewer say the goal is to provide career technical or vocational education (25%) or courses for lifelong learning or personal enrichment (15%). Even less frequently mentioned: providing associate’s degrees (8%) and provid ing basic skills or remedial education (5%). Nearly all Californians say it is very important (78%) or somewhat important (18%) that community colleges include classes that prepare students to transfer to four -year colleges and universities, and nearly all say it is very (73%) or somewhat important (23%) that community colleges include career technical or vocational education. MORE KEY FINDINGS  Higher education seen as important to future —page 12 Nearly all Californians say that the state’s higher education system is very important (77%) or somewhat important (20%) to the quality of life and economic vitality of the state over the next 20 years. And a majority (56%) say that if current trends continue, California will not have enough college -educated worker s for the jobs and skills likely to be in demand in 20 years. The share of residents who hold this view is up 7 points since last November (49%).  State leaders: low approval ratings overall, low for handling higher education —page 17 Just one in four Califo rnians (25%) approve of Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger’s job performance, similar to the low r atings he has received all year . Just 19 percent approve of his handling of public colleges and universities. The legislature ranks lower, with 14 percent approval ratings overall — matching the record low —and 15 percent approving of lawmakers’ handling of higher education.  Economic, racially diverse student body valued —page 21 Three in four Californians (77%) say it is very or somewhat important for public colleges and universities to have a racially diverse student body. More than eight in 10 (83%) hold this view about economic diversity.  Nearly all parents aspire to college for their children —page 23 Among parents of children 18 or younger , nearly all hope their y oungest child gets a college degree (42%) or post -graduate degree (46%). Among racial/ethnic groups, strong majorities of both white and Latino parents hope their child gets a college degree ( 37% whites, 52% Latinos) or post -graduate degree (54% whites, 30 % Latinos). November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 6 ATTITUDES AND POLICY PREFERENCES KEY FINDINGS  Californians’ belief that state funding for public colleges and universities is inadequate (74%) has risen 17 points s ince October 2007 . Most (66%) think more cuts will affect educational quality. (page 7 )  Tw o in three Californians say state spending on higher education should be a high or very high priority (up 14 points since 2008 ). Fifty -seven percent say the state should increase spending in this area even at the expense of other programs. Six in 10 are v ery concerned the state’s budget situation will result in spending cuts (up 14 points since 2008 ). (page 8 )  Majorities of Californians are very concerned about ways to compensate for decreased state funding: increasing tuition (65%), reducing admissions ( 62%), and offering fewer courses (59%). (page 9 )  More Californians favor raising their own taxes (49 %) than increasing student fees (35 %) to fund higher education. Voters are divided along party lines about taxes, but are similar in opposing higher fees . A majority would consider admitting more out -of -state students , who pay more, but support falls if that means fewer California student admissions . (page 10)  There is strong support for government programs —such as work -study, grants, and a hypothetical sliding tuition scale—to help students afford college. (page 11 )  Strong majorities of Californians say the higher education system is very important to the state’s future and should be a high priority for the next governor, but a majority lack confidence in the state government ’s ability to plan for the system’s future. ( page s 1 2, 13 ) 5752 4140 4245 5757 0 20 40 60 80 100 Oct2007Nov2008Nov2009Nov2010 Percent all adults Great deal/some Very little/none Confidence in State Government to Plan for Futureof Higher Education 41 49 56 49 0 20 40 60 80 Nov 2009Nov 2010 Percent all adults Yes No Willing to Pay Higher Taxes to Maintain Current Funding for Higher Education? 76 28 15 57 74 0 20 40 60 80 100 Oct 2007Nov 2010 Percent all adults More than enough Just enough Not enough Current Level of State Funding for Higher Education PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 7 ADEQUACY AND EFFICIENCY OF STATE FUNDING Seventy-four percent of Californians say state funding for public colleges and universities is not enough. This is a notable incr ease since October 2007— before the economic downturn and state budget crisis had deepened —when 57 percent held this view. Today, 84 percent of Democrats and 74 percent of independents say funding is insufficient, compared to 55 percent of Republicans. At l east two in three across regions and nearly all demographic groups believe funding falls short. Among t hose who are currently students in one of California’s public colleges or universities , most (86%) consider funding to be inadequate . Fewer than 14 percent across all groups consider funding to be more than enough. “Do you think the current level of state funding for California’s public colleges and universities is more than enough, just enough, or not enough?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind More than enough 6% 3 % 13 % 6 % 8 % Just enough 15 11 25 15 17 Not enough 74 84 55 74 70 Don’t know 5 2 7 5 5 Strong majorities of Californians agree that either increasing the amount of funding (74%) or using existing fund s more wisely (8 4%) would lead to major improvements in the state’s higher education system. When then asked which approach would improve the system the most, a majority (54%) say that the state needs to both increase funding and use existing funds more wisely. Thirty -fou r percent believe that just using funds more wisely would significantly improve quality, while only 11 percent believe that increasing funding alone would significantly improve quality. Despite the economic downturn and persistent state budget deficit , findings have changed little since October 2007 (39% use funds more wisely, 9% increase funding, 50% do both). Voters are divided along partisan lines, with most Republicans (56 %) saying existing state funds should be used more wisely and most Democrats (64% ) saying funds should be increased and used more wisely; a majority of independents (53%) also prefer this dual approach. “To significantly improve California’s higher education system, which of the following statements do you agree with the most? We need to use existing state funds more wisely, or, w e need to increase the amount of state funding, or, we need to use existing state funds more wisely and increase the amount of state funding. ” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Use funds more wis ely 34 % 23 % 56 % 34 % 38 % Increase funding 11 13 6 10 9 Use funds more wisely and increase funding 54 64 37 53 52 Don’t know 1 – 1 3 1 In the 2010- 2011 state budget, colleges and universities received slight increase s in funding, but are still receiving less than in earlier years. If the state government makes budget cuts in higher education, two in three (66%) believe educational quality will suffer, while three in 10 (29%) believe educational quality could be maintained. Strong majorities of Democrats (73%) and independents (67%) believe quality would suffer; to a lesser extent, Republicans (54%) agree. Among those who are c urrently attending a California public college or university , 73 percent believe quality would suffer. PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 8 STATE BUDGET SITUATION Most Californians (68%) believe that spending for California’s public colleges and universities should be given a high (32%) or very high (36%) priority, up 14 points since November 2008 (54%: 28% high, 26% very high priority) and up 9 points since November 2009 (59%: 33% high, 26% very high priority). Across parties today, strong majorities of Democrats (79%) and independents (69%) believe a high or very high priority should be placed on spending for higher education ; h alf o f Republicans agree. Stron g majorities across regions and demographic groups believe a high or very high priority should be placed on spending for the state’s public colleges and universities. About four in 10 in Los Angeles (41%), the Inland Empire (40%), and the San Francisco Bay Area (38%) say very high priority, compared to 34 percent in the Central Valley and 29 percent in Orange/San Diego Counties. Latinos (49%) and blacks (44%) are more likely than Asians (33%) and whites (29%) to say very high priority. Californians currentl y attending one of the state’s public institutions (41%) or those with children currently attending (43%) consider such spending a very high priority. “Given the state’s current budget situation, on a scale of 1 t o 5—with 1 being a very low priority and 5 being a very high priority —what priority should be given to spending for California’s public colleges and universities?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind High /very high priority 68% 79 % 50 % 69 % 67 % Medium priority 23 16 36 22 24 Low /very low priority 7 4 12 7 8 Don’t know 2 1 2 2 1 A majority of Californians and likely voters (57% each) would favor the state government spending more money on public colleges and universities even if it means less money for other state programs. Two in three Democrats (66%) would favor this idea. Independents (51% favor, 40% oppose) and Republicans (49% favor, 42% oppose) are more likely to favor than oppose the state spending more on higher education even if it means less money for other programs. More than half across regions and nearly all demographic groups favor this idea. Still, about six in 10 Latinos (63%) and Asians (60%) favor this idea compared to 54 percent of whites and 49 percent of blacks . M en (60%) are somewhat more likely than wom en (53%) , and residents age d 55 and older somewhat more likely than younger residents, to agree. “Do you favor or oppose the state government spending more money on public colleges and universities, even if it means less money for other state programs?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 57% 66 % 49 % 51 % 57 % Oppose 34 26 42 40 34 Don’t know 9 8 9 9 9 Six in 10 Californians (62%) are very concerned that the state’s budget situation will cause significant spending cuts in hi gher education, a jump of 14 points since November 2008 (48%). Democrats (73%) are much more likely than independents (59%) and Republicans (44%) to be very concerned. Across regions, between 58 percent and 65 percent are very concerned. Blacks (75%) and L atinos (70%) are more likely than Asians (61%) and whites (55%) to be very concerned about potential budget cuts. PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 9 CONCERNS ABOUT STATE FUNDING California’s public colleges and universities have taken a number of specific measures to deal with decreased st ate funding. Among these, Californians are the most likely to be very concerned about increasing student tuition and fees (65%), followed by admitting fewer college students (62%), offering fewer college classes (59%), and reducing the pay and hours for co llege faculty and staff (46%). The percentage of Californians who are very concerned is nearly the same as last year for increasing tuition (62% to 65% today), for offering fewer courses (57% to 59% today), and for reducing the pay and hours of faculty and staff (48% to 46%). There has been a slight increase in the percentage very concerned about admitting fewer students (57% to 62% today). “There are a number of ways California’s public colleges and universities have dealt with decreased funding. Please te ll me if you are very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned about each of the following.” Increasing tuition and fees for college students Admitting fewer college students Offering fewer college classes Reducing the pay and hours for college faculty a nd staff Very concerned 65% 62 % 59 % 46 % Somewhat concerned 26 25 28 34 Not too concerned 4 7 7 9 N ot at all concerned 4 5 4 9 Don’t know 1 1 2 2 Parents of children currently attending one of the state’s publi c colleges or universities are 8 to 12 points more likely than adults overall to be very concerned about each of these measures . Those who are currently attending one of the schools are also more likely to be very concerned about increasing tuition (73%), reducing admissions (73%), and especially about offering fewer classes (76%), but express similar concern about reducing the pay and hours of faculty and staff (49%). Majorities across racial/ethnic groups are very concerned about increasing tuition and reducing admissions; blacks are the most likely to be very concerned. Blacks and Latinos are far more likely than whit es and Asians to be very concerned about offering fewer classes and about reducing the pay and hours of faculty and staff . Percent saying very concerned Increasing tuition and fees for college students Admitting fewer college students Offering fewer college classes Reducing the pay and hours for college faculty a nd staff All Adults 65% 62 % 59 % 46 % Likely Voters 63 61 58 41 Parents of Child in California Public College/University 74 70 71 54 Race/ Ethnicity Asians 60 54 46 36 Blacks 83 82 71 56 Latinos 71 65 69 57 Whites 61 59 54 40 Region Central Valley 67 60 61 41 San Francisco Bay Area 64 66 60 48 Los Angeles 71 65 65 55 Orange/San Diego 58 54 51 37 Inland Empire 66 64 56 48 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 10 RAISING REVENUES Californians are concerned about state budget cuts to higher education and believe public colleges and universities do not receive enough funding from the state, but aside from taking money from other state programs, what steps would they take to raise revenues? Californians and likely voters are evenly divided about paying higher taxes to maintain current funding for public colleges and universities (49% yes, 49% no). The re is much greater opposition among Californians (35% yes, 62% no) and likely voters (37% yes, 60% no) toward increasing student fees to maintain current funding levels. Californians were more opposed to paying higher taxes in 2008 (44% yes, 52% no) and in 2009 (41% yes, 56% no). Most Democrats (64%) today would pay higher taxes and most Republicans (69%) would not; independents are divided. Only in the San Francisco Bay Area would a majority pay higher taxes for higher education. Los Angeles and Inland Empire residents are divided, while majorities in the Central Valley and Orange/San Diego Counties are opposed. Blacks (61%) are willing to pay higher taxes, while Latinos and w hites are divided and Asians are opposed. Support drops with age, but rises with education. The percentage of Californians willing to increase student fees (35%) to maintain funding is up 6 points from last year (29%) , but is similar to 2008 (32%) . Voters across parties (63% Democrats, 60% Republicans, 59% independents) oppose this idea and m ajorities across regions and demographic groups agree. B lacks (76%) and Latinos (68%) are more opposed than whites (58%) or Asians (57%). Support for increasing fees is higher among college graduates and upper -income residents than others . “W hat if t he state said it needed more money just to maintain current funding for public colleges and universities. Would you be willing to…?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Pay higher taxes for this purpose, or not? Yes 49 % 64 % 27 % 47 % 49 % No 49 34 69 51 49 Don't know 2 2 4 2 2 Increase student fees for this purpose, or not? Yes 35 34 38 39 37 No 62 63 60 59 60 Don't know 3 3 2 2 3 One idea under consideration is to admit more out -of -state students , who pay higher tuition . A majority of Californians (57%) would support this idea, but support declines to 26 percent if doing so would mean fewer California students being admitted. Nearly four in 10 (38%) are opposed to the idea altogether. About six in 10 across parties would fav or the idea in general, but Republicans (32%) are somewhat more likely than independents (26%) or Democrats (25%) to consider it even if it meant fewer in- state students. “What if the state said it needed more money just to maintain current funding for pub lic colleges and universities. Would you be willing to a dmit more out -of-state students paying higher tuition for this purpose, or not? (if yes: Would you still support this even if it meant admitting fewer in-state students?)” All Adults Region Parents of Child in High School Central Valley San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Yes, even if it meant fewer in- state 26% 24 % 26 % 25 % 32 % 21 % 24 % Yes, but not if it meant fewer in-state 31 26 36 28 27 31 31 No 38 43 33 42 32 44 40 Don’t know 5 7 5 5 9 4 5 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 11 ROLE OF GOVERNMENT POLICY Californians continue to favor several ways that the federal and state government can make higher education more affordable. Su pport is high for increasing governme nt funding available for work-study opportunities (88%) and for scholarships or grants for students (84%), and for having a sliding scale for tuition and fee costs, so that students would pay according to their income (72%). Nearly nine in 10 Californians and 85 percent of likely voters favor increasing government funding available for work -study opportunities for students to earn money in college. Support among all adults has been similar each of the four times we have asked this question (86% 2007, 88% 20 08, 85% 2009, 88% today). S upport today is high across partisan groups , with Democrats (95%) the most likely to be in favor, followed by independents (86%) and Republicans (78%). More than eight in 10 across regions and demographic groups favor this idea. California adults (84%) and likely voters (81%) also favor increasing government funding available for scholarships or grants for students. At least eight in 10 adults have favored this idea each time we asked this question (83% 2007, 83% 2008, 80% 2009, 84% today). There is support again across parties, but Democrats (93%) and independents (85%) are far more supportive than Republicans (68%). At least eight in 10 across regions are in favor, as are more than three in four across demographic groups. Eight in 10 whites favor this proposal, with even higher support among Asians (87%), Latinos (89%), and blacks (96%). Support for increasing funding for scholarships or grants decreases as age and income increase. Californians (72%) and likely voters (69%) also favor —albeit to a lesser degree —having a sliding scale for tuition and fee s so that students pay according to their income. At least two in three Californians have supported this idea each of the three times this question has been asked (70% 2008, 67% 2009, 72% today) . Although support is high across parties, Democrats (79%) are again more likely than independents (71%) and Republicans (60%) to be in favor. Two in three or more across regions and at least six in 10 across demographic groups favor this idea. Blacks (85%) and Latinos (81%) are much more likely than Asians and whites (67% each) to favor a sliding scale; support decreases sharply as education level and income increase. “I am going to read you several ways that the federal and state governments can make California’s higher education syst em more affordable to students. For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal . How about…” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Increasing government funding available for work -study opportunities for students to earn money while in college? Favor 88% 95 % 78 % 86 % 85 % Oppose 11 4 21 13 14 Don't know 1 1 1 1 1 Increasing government funding available for scholarships or grants for students? Favor 84 93 68 85 81 Oppose 14 6 30 11 17 Don't know 2 1 2 4 2 Having a sliding scal e for tuition and fee costs, so that students pay according to their income status? Favor 72 79 60 71 69 Oppose 25 18 38 27 29 Don't know 3 3 2 2 2 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 12 HIGHER EDUCATION AND CALIFORNIA’S FUTURE Nearly all Californians say that the state’s higher education system is very (77%) or somewhat (20%) important to the quality of life and economic vitality of the state over the next 20 years. This perception has been similar each of the four times we have asked this question (76% 2007, 72% 2008, 72% 2009, 77% today). Today, Democrats (85%) are much more likely than independents (73%) and far more likely than Republicans (65%) to hold this view. More than two in three Californians across regions and demographic groups consider the higher education system to be very important to the state’s future. Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay Area r esidents (80% each) are the most likely to hold this view, followed by I nland Empire (76%), Central Valley (75%), and Orange/ San Diego County (69%) residents . Blacks (87%) and Latinos (84%) are much more likely than whites (74%) and Asians (67%) to say the higher education system is very important. About eight in 10 of those who have children attending a California pu blic college or university (82%), who are currently attending one themselves (84%), or who are alumni (79%) view the higher education system as very important. “In general, how important is California’s higher education system to the quality of life and ec onomic vitality of the state over the next 20 years?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Very important 77% 85 % 65 % 73 % 77 % Somewhat important 20 12 31 23 20 Not too important 2 2 2 2 2 N ot at all important 1 – 1 1 1 D on't know – 1 1 1 – A majority of Californians (56%) think that if current trends continue, in 20 years California will not have enough college -educated residents need ed for the jobs and skills likely to be in demand then . Projections by PPIC researchers indicate that in 15 years, only 35 percent of working-age adults in California will have college degrees, but that 41 percent of jobs will require one. The perception that California will not have enough college -educated residents has increased 7 points since last November (49%), and a plurality ha ve said not enough each time we have asked this question (52% 2007, 47% 2008, 49% 2009, and 56% today). Today, majorities across parties say the state will not have enough college -educated residents in the future, as do b etween 55 and 57 percent across regions. Blacks (63%) are the most likely racial/ethnic group to hold this view, followed by Latinos (57%), whites (57%) , and Asians (50%) . T he percentage saying not enough increases somewhat with education. “In thinking ahead 20 years, if current trends co ntinue, do you think California will have more than enough, not enough, or just enough college- educated residents needed for the jobs and skills likely to be in demand?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind More than enough 11% 8 % 17 % 12 % 12 % Not enough 56 62 53 55 55 Just enough 27 26 26 27 28 Don't know 6 4 4 6 5 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 13 HIGHER EDUCATION AND CALIFORNIA’S FUTURE (CONTINUED) Given all of the issues facing the new governor in 2011, nearly all Californians say that planning for the future of California’s higher education system is very (76%) or somewhat (21%) important . Majorities across parties consider this very important, but Democrats (86%) are much more likely than independents (72%) or Republicans (63% ) to hold this view. M ore th an two in three across regions say planning for higher education is very important. Blacks (89%) and Latinos (84%) are much more likely than whites (71%) and Asians (64%) to view planning for the future of California’s higher education system as very important. Overwhelming majorities of those with children in a California public college (83%) and of those currently attending (89%) say planning is very important. “Given all of the issues that will be facing the new California gov ernor in 2011, how important is planning for the future of California’s higher education system?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Very important 76% 86 % 63 % 72 % 76 % Somewhat important 21 13 32 25 21 Not too important 2 1 3 2 2 N ot at all important 1 – 1 – – D on't know – – 1 1 1 Although most residents say planning for the future of California’s higher education system is very important for the next governor, only four in 10 say they have a great deal (7%) or some (33%) confi dence in the state government’s ability to plan for that future. Confidence today is similar to last November (41% great deal/only some), but much lower than in 2008 (52%) or 2007 (57%). A majority today (57%) have very little or no confidence in the state government’s ability to plan for the future of the higher education system. C onfidence is much higher among Democrats (45%) and independents (42%) than among Republicans (31%). Majorities across regions have very little or no confidence in the state gover nment’s ability to plan for the future of California’s higher education system. Central Valley residents (65%) are the most likely —and Los Angeles residents (52%) the least likely— to hold this view. Whites (64%) are the most negative about the state govern ment’s ability to plan, followed by Asians (53%), blacks (52%), and Latinos (51%). Younger and lower -income Californians have more confidence in the state than older and higher -income residents. Nearly half of those currently attending a California public college or university have confidence . “How much confidence do you have in the state government’s ability to plan for the future of California’s higher education system?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind A great deal 7% 8 % 3 % 5 % 5 % Only some 33 37 28 37 33 Very little 38 39 39 35 38 None 19 14 29 22 23 Don't know 3 2 1 1 1 November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 14 PERCEPTIONS AND APPROVAL RATINGS KEY FINDINGS  Most Californians and adults nationwide consider a college education today to be very important, but Californians are even more likely to hold this view. Nearly two in three also believe college is necessary t o be successful and 85 percent say all qualified Californians should have the chance to enroll in a public institution despite the cost to the state. (page 15)  Only 22 percent say the overall quality of education in the state’ s higher education system is a big problem; much higher percentages say affordability (60%) and the state budget situation (74%) are big problems for the system. (page 16)  Californians give low approval ratings to Governor Schwarzenegger and the state legislature overall and for the ir handling of the higher education system . (page 17 )  The three branches (community colleges, state universities, and the Universit y of California) each continue to receive positive marks from residents . (page 18)  Majorities agree that many qualified stu dents lack the opportunity to go to college; most blame the cost of college and say s tudents must borrow too much. Still, a majority believe financial aid is available to those who need it. (pages 1 9, 20 )  A plurality (41%) think the most important goal of community colleges is providing courses to help students transfer to four - year schools ; 25 percent say it is providing career technical education. (page 2 2)  Nearly all parents would like their children to go to college, but a growing share are very worri ed about affording it. Concern is especially pronounced among Latino and lower -income parents. (page 23 ) 34 27 211929 23 1615 0 10 20 30 40 50 Oct2007Nov2008Nov2009Nov2010 Percent all adults Governor Schwarzenegger California Legislature Approval Ratings on Higher Education 75 86 21 11 0 20 40 60 80 100 United States*California Percent all adults Very important Fairly important Importance of a College Education Today? *Phi Delta K appa/Gallup poll, June 2010 434650 57 252723 17 0 20 40 60 80 Oct2007Nov2008Nov2009Nov2010 Percent parents Very worried Not too/at all worried Parental Concerns about Affording College PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 15 IMPORTANCE OF HIGHER EDUCATION An overwhelming majority of Californians (86%) view a college education as very important. Seventy- five percent of adults nationwide also hold this view, according to a June Phi Delta Kappa/Gallup poll . At least three in four Californians across parties, regions, and demographic groups say college is very important. At the same time, a strong majority (63%) think a coll ege education is necessary for a person to be successful in today’s work world, similar to results in the past (64% October 2007, 68% November 2008, 66% November 2009). According to a Public Agenda poll from December 2009, 55 percent of adults nationwide t hink college is necessary; 43 percent say there are many ways to succeed without a college education . In California, p arents of children 18 or younger (70%) are somewhat more likely than all adults to say college is necessary. Democrats (68%) are the most likely to agree, followed by independents (58%) and Republicans (51%). Differences across r acial/ethnic groups are stark: overwhelming majorities of Latinos (80%), blacks (76%), and Asians (71%) think it is necessa ry, while far fewer whites (50%) say so. A cross other groups, the percentage saying that college is necessary is highest among those with a high school degree or less ( 72%), those earning less than $4 0,000 (70%), women (68%), and adults 35 to 54 (68%). “Do you think that a college education is n ecessary for a person to be successful in today’s work world, or do you think that there are many ways to succeed in today’s work world without a college education?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites College is necessary 63% 71 % 76 % 80 % 50% 70 % Many ways to succeed 35 27 22 18 47 28 Don’t know 2 2 2 2 3 2 Asked whether they think all Californians who are qualified to attend college should have the oppor tunity to do so, 85 percent s ay they should, while just 12 percent say admissions should be restricted because of the cost to the state. Parents of children 18 or younger hold nearly identical views. One of the founding principles of California’s 1960 master plan for higher education was universal access for all qualified Californians . Despite an econom ic and fiscal crisis facing the state today, universal access is preferred over restricted access by overwhelming majorities across groups. There are some differences within groups: nea rly all Democrats (90%) and 85 percent of independents think all Californians should have the opportunity to enroll, compared to 76 percent of Republicans. Three in four Orange/San Diego County residents (76%) hold this view , while at least 84 percent elsewhere do. Nearly all blacks (94%) think those who are qualified should have access ; nine in 10 Latinos, 88 percent of Asians, and 81 percent of whites agree. Adults aged 18 to 34 (88%) are somewhat more likely than adults 55 and older (80%), and women (88% ) are somewhat more likely than men (81%), to think those qualified should have the opportunity. Results are similar across education and income levels. “Do you think that all Californians who are qualifie d to attend college should have the opportunity to enroll in one of the state’s public colleges or universities, or should college student admissions be restricted because of the cost to the state?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites All Californians should have the opportunity 85% 88 % 94 % 90 % 81% 86 % Admissions should be restricted 12 10 5 9 13 12 Don’t know 3 2 1 1 6 2 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 16 OVERALL CONDITIONS Although spared from state budget cuts this year, the California higher education system is s till facing shortfalls; this is reflected in the majority of respondents who identify fiscal issues—affordability or student costs (37%), or lack of government funding or state budget cuts (20%)—as the most important ones facing higher education today. Given this concern— and after a tumultuo us year for California institutions that saw protests against tuition increases and instructor furloughs —how problematic do Californians view the state’s higher education system today ? Seventy- four percent say the overall state budget situation is a big problem , similar to November 2009 (70%). Six in 10 also say overall affordability is a big problem, similar to last year (57%) , but up seven points since October 2007. Meanwhile, far fewer say quality is a big problem (22%), similar to the past ( 18% 2007 and 2008, 21% 2009). Still, the belief that quality is at least somewhat of a problem (58%) has risen somewhat since October 2007 (52%). By comparison, 53 percent in our April K–12 survey said they considered K –12 education quality to be a big problem. “I’m going to read you a list of issues people have mentioned when talking about California’s higher education system today. For each one, please tell me if you think … is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not much of a problem.” Overall Quality Overall Affordability Overall State Budget Situation Big problem 22% 60 % 74 % Somewhat of a problem 36 27 18 Not much of a problem 38 11 5 Don’t know 4 2 3 Democrats are more likely than Republicans and independents call the state budget situation a big problem for higher education. About eight in 10 blacks and whites hold this view, compared to about two in three Asians and Latinos. T he percentage calling the budget situation a big problem rises as education and hous ehold income rise. When it comes to overall affordability, m ajorities across parties, regions, and demographic groups say it is a big problem. Three- fourths of blacks say this, compared to six in 10 Latinos and whites, and just over half of Asians. On the overall quality of education, one- third or less across groups call it a big problem. Blacks are more likely than other racial/ethnic groups to agree; college graduates are less likely than others to consider quality a big problem . Percent saying big proble m Overall Quality Overall Affordability Overall State Budget Situation All Adults 22% 60 % 74 % Likely Voters 21 59 79 Parents of Children 18 or Younger 19 58 73 Race/Ethnicity Asians 13 54 67 Blacks 33 75 82 Latinos 23 61 68 Whites 20 59 78 Household Income Under $40,000 24 62 69 $40,000 to under $80,000 21 65 75 $80,000 or more 18 53 81 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 17 APPROVAL RATINGS OF STATE ELECTED OFFICIALS As Arnold Schwarzenegger enters his final weeks as governor, just one in four Californians (25%) express approval of his overall job per formance, similar to the low ratings he’s received all year; s ix in 10 (62%) disapprove . Since July 2009, fewer than one in three Californians have approved of his overall job performance. Although majorities across parties disapprove of the governor’s job performance, Democrats (72%) are much more likely than independents (61%) and Republicans (56%) to disapprove. Low ratings of the governor extend to his handling of the state’s public college and university system as well: just 19 percent approve and 63 percent disapprove. Findings were similar last November, but were less negative in November 2008 (27% approve, 47% disapprove) and October 2007 (34% approve, 39% disapprove). While 79 percent of Democrats and 58 percent of in dependents disapprove, fewer than half of Republicans agree (30% approve, 46% disapprove). Across racial/ethnic groups, blacks (84%) are far more likely than Latinos (69%), Asians (61%), and whites (57%) to disapprove. “O verall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling …?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind His job as governor of California Approve 25% 20 % 30 % 28 % 27 % Disapprove 62 72 56 61 63 Don't know 13 8 14 11 10 California’s public college and university system Approve 19 12 30 24 21 Disapprove 63 79 46 58 63 Don't know 18 9 24 18 16 Californians give very low job approval ratings to the state legislature (14%), matching the r ecord low from March . Approval among likely voters al so matches the record- low 9 percent from that time. About eight in 10 Republicans (81%) and Democrats (78%) disapprove of the legislature; 69 percent of independents agree. Across racial/ethnic groups, whites (80%) and blacks (79%) are the most likely to disapprove, followed by Latinos (61%) and Asians (55%). Disapproval rises with age, education, and income. Just 15 percent of Californians approve of the legislature’s handling of the state’s public college and university system. Approval is similar to last year, but disapproval is up 5 points. Ratings were less negative in November 2008 (23% approve, 50% disapprove) and October 2007 (29% approve, 47% disapprove). Across parties, regions, and demographic groups, fewer than one in four approve of the legislat ure’s handling of the higher education system. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling …?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Its job Approve 14% 13 % 8 % 15 % 9 % Disapprove 72 78 81 69 82 Don't know 14 9 11 16 9 California’s public col lege and university system Approve 15 12 13 15 11 Disapprove 71 79 70 68 77 Don't know 14 9 17 17 12 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 18 RATINGS OF THE THREE BRANCHES Despite budget cuts that have led to program reductions and fee hikes, strong majorities say each branch of California’s higher education system does a good or excellent job. Adults view each similarly: 62 percent say the Cal State system is doing at least a good job, and 64 percent also say this about the comm unity college and University of California systems. Results have been similar since October 2007. “Overall, is the … doing an excellent, good, not so good, or poor job?” California Community College system California State University system University of California system Excellent 13% 9 % 15 % Good 51 53 49 Not so good 23 21 19 Poor 7 5 6 Don’t know 6 12 11 Solid majorities across groups think the California community college system is doing at least a good job. About two in three across partie s give it positive ratings . Whites (67%) give the highest rating across racial/ethnic groups. Ratings are highest in the San Francisco Bay Area (68%) and lowest in the Inland Empire (59%). The view that this system is doing at least a good job rises with education and income. Majorities across groups also think the California State University system is doing at least a good job. Sixty -five percent of Democrats and similar percentages of independents (64%) and Republicans (63%) say this. Inland Empire resi dents (55%) are least likely and San Francisco Bay Area (66%) residents most likely to agree. Asians are most likely to hold this view, followed by whites, Latinos, and blacks. The percentage giving excellent or good ratings rises sharply with education and income. Over half across groups think the University of California system is doing a good or excellent job. Over six in 10 across parties agree . San Francisco Bay Area residents (71%) are the most likely and Central Valley (57%) residents the least like ly to say this. Asians (73%) are more likely than other racial/ethnic groups to rate this system highly. The percentage saying so rises sharply with education and income. Percent saying excellent/good California Community College system California State University system University of California system All Adults 64% 62 % 64 % Likely Voters 66 64 68 Parents of Children 18 or Younger 63 62 62 Race/Ethnicity Asians 62 69 73 Blacks 62 56 58 Latinos 59 60 60 Whites 67 64 67 Region Central Val ley 63 60 57 San Francisco Bay Area 68 66 71 Los Angeles 62 62 63 Orange/San Diego 66 65 69 Inland Empire 59 55 61 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 19 AFFORDABILITY AND ACCESSIBILITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION Although overwhelming majorities believe all qualified Californians should have access to the state’s higher education system , only 26 percent think that the vast majority of those qualified to go to college have the opportunity to do so. Seven in 10 think many people don’t have the opportunity. These findings are similar to views hel d by adults nationwide, according to a December 2009 Public Agenda poll (28% have opportunity, 69% don’t). The percentage saying that a majority have the opportunity has decreased somewhat since the question was first asked in October 2007 (32%). Across parties, there are stark differences: one in five Democrats (21%) and 27 percent of independents think the majority of those qualified have access , compared to four in 10 Republicans (40%) . Views differ somewhat across regions, with San Francisco Bay Area (33%) and Orange/San Diego County residents (30%) saying the opportunity exists for the majority of those qualified, compared to 25 percent in the Central Valley , 22 percent in Los Angeles , and 44 percent in the Inland Empire. While three in 10 Asians (31% ) and whites (30%) say the majority have the opportunity, fewer Latinos (18%) and blacks (16%) agree. Men (32%) are much more likely than women (21%) to hold this view. The percentage saying the majority of those qualified have the opportunity to attend college increases as age, education, and income increase. “Do you think that currently, the vast majority of people who are qualified to go to college have the opportunity to do so, or do you thin k there are many people who are qualified to go but don’t have the opportunity to do so?” All Adults Household Income Parents of Children 18 or Younger Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Majority have the opportunity 26% 17 % 23 % 37 % 25 % Many people don’t have the opportunity 71 81 75 60 72 Don’t know 3 2 2 3 3 An overwhelming majority of Californians think the price of a college education keeps students who are qualified and motivated to go to college from doing so. As the economic crisis has worsened, t he percentage saying this has increased somewhat ( 66% 2007 , 69% 2009, 73% today). Parents of children 18 or younger (74%) hold nearly identical views to all adults; those with children currently attending a California college (72%), and those who are currently attending one (75%) also hold similar views. Strong majorities across political, regional, and demographic groups think the price of a college education keeps students from attending. Democrats (79%) and independents (75%) hold similar views; Republicans (64%) are much les s likely to think the price of college deters students from attending. Blacks (84%) are the most likely racial/ethnic group to say this, compared to 76 percent of Latinos and Asians and 71 percent of whites. College graduates are less likely than others to agree that expense bars some from going to college , and upper-income earners are much less likely than others to agree. “The price of a college education keeps students who are qualified and motivated to go to college from doing so. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Agree 73% 76 % 84 % 76 % 71% 74 % Disagree 25 23 14 23 27 24 Don’t know 2 1 2 1 2 2 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 20 AFFORDABILITY AND ACCESSIBILITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION (CONTINUED) Despite these perceived barriers, a majority of Californians (55%) think that almost anyone who needs financial help to go to college can get loans or financial aid; 40 percent disagree. Findings were fairly similar last November (5 1% agree, 43% disagree). In the December 2009 Public Agenda survey, 62 percent of adults nationwide said almost anyone who needs it can get financial help. In California, findings are similar across parties , with just over half agreeing that financial aid is available to those who need it (55% Republicans, 52% independents, 51% Democrats). Majorities across regions hold this view. Across racial/ethnic groups, Latinos (64%) are the most likely to say students can get financial help through loans and aid, fol lowed by Asians (58%) and whites (50%); a majority of blacks (55%) disagree. Agreement declines as education levels rise . Those with annual household incomes under $40,000 (62%) believe financial aid is available to those who need it, compared to about hal f of those with incomes of $40,000 or more. Nearly two in three (64%) currently attending a California public college or university believe financial help is available to those who need it. Among those who agree that the price of college keeps many student s out, 51 percent also agree that anyone can get loans or financial aid. Among those who disagree that the price of college keeps many students out, 67 percent think financial help is available to almost anyone who needs it. “Almost anyone who needs financial help to go to college can get loans or financial aid. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? ” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Agree 55% 58 % 43 % 64 % 50% 53 % Disagree 40 34 55 33 43 41 Don’t know 5 8 2 3 7 6 Three in four Californians (74%) believe students must borrow too much money to pay for a college education. Findings were nearly identical in October 2007 (74%), November 2008 (73%), and November 2009 (76%). In Publ ic Agenda’s survey, adults nationwide (83%) were even more likely than Californians to agree with this statement. In California, more than two in three across parties, regions, and nearly all demographic groups agree students have to borrow too much to pay for college. Democrats (81%) are more likely than indepe ndents (74%) and Republicans (72%) to hold this view. Across racial/ethnic groups, nine in 10 blacks (89%) say students must borrow too much, followed by three in four whites (77%) and Asians (76%), and two in three Latinos (65%). Eighty percent of those currently attending one of California’s higher education institutions think students have to borrow too much. Among those who say financial aid is available to anyone who needs it, 66 percent believe students must borrow too much and among those who say the price of college is a barrier for some, 83 percent also say students have to borrow too much. “Students have to borrow too much money to pay for their college education . Do you agree or disagree wit h this statement?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Agree 74% 76 % 89 % 65 % 77% 69 % Disagree 23 18 10 34 19 29 Don’t know 3 6 1 1 4 2 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 21 IMPORTANCE OF STUDENT DIVERSITY About three in four Californians think it is very (54%) or somewhat (23%) important for public colleges and universities to have a racially diverse student body. Results have been almost identical each time we have asked this question (55% very, 23% somewhat 2008; 54% v ery, 23% somewhat 2009). Today, as in the past, blacks (82%) and Latinos (64%) are much more likely than Asians (53%) and whites (44%) to say racial diversity is very important. Democrats (67%) are much more likely than independents (5 5%) and more than twi ce as likely as Republicans (31%) to say diversity is very important. San Francisco Bay Area residents (62%) are the most likely—and Orange/San Diego County residents (41%) the least likely —to say racial diversity is very important. The perception that rac ial diversity is very important declines somewhat as income rises, while it is similar across age groups. Among those currently attending a California public college or university, 58 percent consider racial diversity very important. “How important do you think it is for public colleges and universities to have a racially diverse student body —that is, a mix of blacks, whites, Asians, Hispanics and other minorities?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Household Income Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Very important 54% 53 % 82 % 64 % 44 % 59 % 53 % 50 % Somewhat important 23 22 13 17 28 19 24 24 Not too important 11 17 4 10 11 9 12 11 Not at all important 11 7 1 9 14 11 8 14 Don't know 1 1 – – 3 2 3 1 More than eight in 10 Californians also view economic diversity for public colleges and universities as very (57%) or somewhat (26%) important. Results were nearly identical in 2008 (57% very, 25% somewhat) and 2009 (54% very, 26 % somewhat). Today, bla cks (77%) and Latinos (66%) are far more likely than whites (50%) and Asians (44%) to say economic diversity is very important. The perception that economic diversity is very important declines as income rises. Partisan differences are also present —Democr ats (65%) and independents (57%) are far more likely than Republicans (36%) to view economic diversity as very important. Among those currently attending a California public college or university, 63 percent consider economic diversity very important. “Ho w important do you think it is for public colleges and universities to have an economically diverse student body —that is, a mix of students from lower -, middle- , and upper -income backgrounds?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Household Income Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Very important 57% 44 % 7 7% 66 % 50 % 63 % 56 % 50 % Somewhat important 26 36 17 22 30 24 28 29 Not too important 9 10 5 6 10 8 9 9 N ot at all important 8 8 1 5 9 5 5 11 Don't know – 2 – 1 1 – 2 1 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 22 ROLE OF COMMUNITY COLLEGES When asked what they think is the most important goal for California’s community colleges, a plurality of Californians say it is to prepare students to transfer to four -year schools (41%) . Fewer say the goal should be providing career technical or vocational education (25%) or providing courses for lifelong learning or personal enrichment (15%). Fewer than one in 10 mention providing associate’s degrees (8%) or basic skills or remedial education (5%). Pluralities of Democrats and independents say preparing students to transfer is the most important goal, while Republicans are divided between transfer preparation (37%) and career technical education (34%). Pluralities across regions and demographic groups say four-year college transfer is the most important goal. Latinos (50%) are much more likely than blacks (39%), whites (38%), or Asians (36%) to hold this view. The percentage who view career technical education as most important rises as age, education, and income rise. Half of Californians (51%) who are currently attending a California college view transfer prep aration as the most important goal. “California’s community colleges have several important g oals. From among the following, which do you think is the most important goal?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Preparing students to transfer to four-year schools 41 % 36 % 39 % 50 % 38% 42 % Providing career technical or vocational education 25 29 13 19 29 27 Providing courses for lifelong learning/personal enrichment 15 18 22 18 13 15 Providing associate's degrees 8 3 13 5 9 7 Providing basic skills or remedial education 5 10 6 6 4 4 D on't know 6 4 7 2 7 5 Nearly all Californian s say that it is very (78%) or somewhat (18%) important that community colleges include classes that prepare student to transfer to four -year colleges and universities. A similar percentage also thought that this was important in 2007 (81% very, 15% somewh at). Today, about three in four or more across parties and regions , and more than seven in 10 across nearly all demographic groups , think that preparing students to transfer is very important. Blacks (86%) and Latinos (85%) are more likely than whites (76% ) and Asians (64%) to hold this view. “How important to you is it that community colleges include classes that prepare students to transfer to four-year colleges and universities?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Very important 78% 64 % 86 % 85 % 76% 80 % Somewhat important 18 26 13 12 20 17 Not too important 2 7 1 2 2 2 N ot at all important 1 1 – 1 1 1 D on't know 1 2 – – 1 – Nearly all Californians say it is very (73%) or somewhat (23%) important that community colleges include career technical or vocational education. At least seven in 10 across parties and regions say career technical or vocational education is very important. Blacks (81%), Latinos (75%), whites (73%) , and Asian s (68%) all say it is very important . Across demographic groups, more than seven in 10 agree. PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 23 PARENTAL EXPECTATIONS AND CONCERNS Nearly all California parents of children 18 or younger say they hope their youngest child achieves a college (42%) or post -gra duate degree (46%). Five percent hope their child achieves some college or career technical training and 5 percent hope they get a high school education. Findings have been similar since the question was first asked in April 2005. Strong majorities of both white and Latino parents hope their child goes to college, but white parents are much more likely than Latino parents (54% to 30%) to want their child to get a graduate degree after college. (Sample sizes for Asian and black parents are too small for separate analysis. ) Findings among Latino parents are nearly identical to April 2005, while the percentage of white parents hoping their children achieve post -graduate degrees has risen 9 points. The percentage who would like their child to achieve a post -grad uate degree rises sharply with higher income and education levels. “What do you hope will be the highest grade level that your youngest child will achieve?” Parents of Children 18 or Younger Parents Race/Ethnicity Household Income Latinos Whites Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more High school graduate 5% 9 % 3 % 6 % 3 % 5 % Some college or career technical training 5 7 5 7 6 2 C ollege graduate 42 52 37 51 45 32 Graduate degree after college 46 30 54 35 43 61 Don't know 2 2 1 1 3 – The share of parents who are very worried about affording college for their children has grown steadily since October 2007 (43% October 2007, 46% November 2008, 50% November 2009, 57% today). Latino parents (72%, up 19 points since 2007) are far more likely than white parents (46%, up 11 points ) to be very worried about this. T hose with household incomes under $40,000 (76%) or $40,000 to under $80,000 (61%) are far more likely than those with incomes of $80,000 or more (38%) to be very worried. Si x in 10 parents also think they are already behind in saving for their child’s college education, up 7 points since October 2007 (from 55% to 62% today). Just 8 percent feel they are ahead, similar to 2007, while 26 percent believe they are about where the y should be, down 7 points since 2007. A majority of both white and Latino parents feel they are behind, although Latinos are more likely to say this (69% to 56%). The percentage who say they are behind drops sharply as household income rises . “How do you feel about the progress, if any, that you have made so far in saving to help pay for your child’s co llege education—do you feel you are ahead, behind, or just about where you should be at this point?” Parents of Children 18 or Younger Parents Race/Ethnici ty Household Income Latinos Whites Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Ahead 8% 6 % 10 % 3 % 3 % 16 % Behind 62 69 56 76 64 49 Just about where you should be 26 23 31 16 27 35 Haven’t started yet (volunteered)/Don’t know 4 2 3 5 6 – Among all Californians, a resounding 85 percent say they worry that the current financial crisis will make it more difficult for their children or grandchildren to go to college. More than three in four across all parties, regions, and demogra phic groups foresee adverse affects on future generations due to the current crisis. November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 24 REGIONAL MAP November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 25 METHODOLOGY The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, president and CEO and survey director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with assistance from Sonja Petek, project manager for this survey, and survey research associates Dean Bonner and Nicole Willcoxon. This survey was conducted with funding from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation as part of a three -year grant on K –12 and higher education, environment, and population issues. We benefited from discussions with Hewlett program staff and others; however, the survey methods, questions, and content of the report were determined solely by Mark Baldassare and the survey staff. Findings in this report are based on a telephone survey of 2,502 California adult residents, including 2,251 interviewed on landline telephones and 251 interviewed on cell phones. Interviews took place on weekday nights and weekend days from October 19 to November 2, 2010 and took an average of 19 minutes to complete. Landli ne interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted numbers were called. All landline telephone exchanges in California were eligible for selection and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as six times to increase the likelihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Cell phone interviews were included in this survey to account for the growing number of Californians who use them. These interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of cell phone numbers. All cell phone numbers with California area codes were eligible for selection and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as eight times to increase the likelihood of reaching an eligible respondent. Once a cell phone user was reached, it was verified that this person wa s age 18 or older, a resident of California, and in a safe place to continue the survey (e.g., not driving). Cell phone respondents were offered a small reimbursement to help defray the potential cost of the call. Cell phone interviews were conducted with adults who have cell phone service only and with those who have both cell phone and landline service in the household. Landline and cell phone interviewing was conducted in English, Spanish, Chinese (Mandarin or Cantonese), Vietnamese, and Korean, according to respondents’ preferences. We chose these languages because Spanish is the dominant language among non -English speaking adults in California, followed in prevalence by the three Asian languages. Accent on Languages, Inc. translated the survey into Sp anish, with assistance from Renatta DeFever. Abt SRBI Inc. translated the survey into Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean, and conducted all interviewing. With assistance from Abt SRBI, we used recent U.S. Census and state figures to compare the demo- graphic characteristics of the survey sample with characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the census and state figures. Abt SRBI used data from the 2008 National Health Interview Survey and data from the 2005 –2007 American Community Survey for California, both to estimate landline and cell phone service in California and to compare it against landline and cell phone service reported in the survey. The survey data in this report were statistically weighted to ac count for any differences in demographics and telephone service. The sampling error, taking design effects from weighting into consideration, is ±2.5 percent at the 95 percent confidence level for the total sample of 2,50 2 adults. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 2.5 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 26 were interviewed. The sampling error for subgroups is larger: For the 2,080 registered voters, it is ± 2.9 percent; for the 1,551 likely voters, it is ±3.2 percent; for the 947 parents of children 18 or younger it is ±4.1 percent. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing . Throughout the report, we refer to five geographic regions that account for approximately 90 percent of the state population. “Central Valley” includes Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “San Francisco Bay Area ” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, “Inl and Empire” refers to Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, and “Orange/San Diego” refers to Orange and San Diego Counties. Residents from other geographic areas are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, likely voters, and parents, but sample sizes for these less populated areas are not large enough to report separately in tables and text. We present specific results for respondents in four self -identified racial/ethnic groups: Asian, black, Latino, and non -Hispanic white. We also compare the opinions of registered Democrats, Republicans, and independents (i.e., those registered as “decline to state”). We also analyze the responses of likely voters —those who are the most likely to participate in the state’s elections. We compa re current PPIC Statewide Survey results to those in earlier PPIC Statewide Surveys and to results from surveys conducted by Phi Delta Kappa/Gallup and Public Agenda . November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 27 QUESTIONNAIRE AND RESULTS CALIFORNIANS AND HIGHER EDUCATION October 19– November 2 , 2010 2,502 California Adult Residents: English, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese MARGIN OF ERROR ±2.5% AT 95% CONFIDENCE LEVEL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE 1. First, overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling his job as governor of California? 25% approve 62 disapprove 13 don’t know 2. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way t hat Governor S chwarzenegger is handling California’s public college and university system? 19% approve 63 disapprove 18 don’t know 3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? 14% approve 72 disapprove 14 don’t know 4. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling California’s public college and university system? 15% approve 71 disapprove 14 don’t know 5. Next, what do you think is the most impo rtant is sue facing California’s public colleges and universities today? [code, don’t read ] 37% student costs, affordability, tuition, fees 20 not enough government funding, state budget cuts 4 administrative costs, salaries, waste 4 financial aid 4 immigrant s 3 access to education, reduced admissions 3 class size, overcrowding, student -teacher ratio 3 reduced course offerings, courses full 2 teacher /professor shortage 2 quality of education overall 10 other 8 don’t know I’m going to read you a list of issues people have mentioned when talking about California’s higher education system today. For each one, please tell me if you think it is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not much of a problem. First… PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 28 [rotate questions 6 to 8] 6. How about the overall quality of education in California’s public co lleges and universities today? 22% big problem 36 somewhat of a problem 38 not much of a problem 4 don’t know 7. How about the overall affordability of education for students in California’s public c olleges and universities today? 60% big problem 27 somewhat of a problem 11 not much of a problem 2 don’t know 8. How about the overall state budget situation for California’s public colleges and universities today? 74% big problem 18 somewhat of a problem 5 not much of a problem 3 don’t know 9. Next, do you think the current level of state funding for California’s public colleges and universities is more than enough, just enough, or not enough? 6% more than enough 15 just enough 74 not enough 5 don’t know As you may know, California’s higher education system has three branches —the California Community College system, the California State Univer sity system, and the University of California system. [rotate questions 10 to 12] 10. Overall, is the California Community College system doing an excellent, good, not so good, or poor job? 13% excellent 51 good 23 not so good 7 poor 6 don’t know 11. Overall, is the California State University system doing an excellent, good, not so good, or poor job? 9% excellent 53 good 21 not so good 5 poor 12 don’t know 12. Overall, is the University of California system doing an excellent, good, not so good, or poor job? 15% excellent 49 good 19 not so good 6 poor 11 don’t know In general, do you agree or disagree with the following s tatements? First… [rotate questions 13 and 14] 13. Additional state funding would lead to major improvements in California’s higher education system. 74% agree 23 disagree 3 don’t know Next, 14. Better use of existing state funds would lead to major improvements in California’s higher education system. 84% agree 13 disagree 3 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 29 15. To significantly improve California’s higher education system, which of the following statements do you agree with the most ? [rotate 1 and 2] (1) We need to use existing state funds more wisely, [or] (2) We need to increase the amount of state funding, [or ] (3) We need to use existing state funds more wisely and increase the amount of state funding. 34% use funds more wisely 11 increase state funding 54 use funds more wisely and increase funding 1 don’t know 16. Which comes closer to your view? [rotate] (1 ) If the state governmen t makes budget cuts in higher education, the quality of education will suffer, [ or ] ( 2 ) T he state government could make budget cuts in higher education and still maintain a high quality of education. 66% if state makes cuts, quality will suffer 29 state could make cuts and maintain quality 5 don’t know As you may know, in an effort to close the gap between state spending and revenues over the past few years, the g overnor and legislature have made cuts in all major budget areas , including higher education. There are a number of ways California’s public colleges and universities have dealt with decreased funding. Please tell me if you are very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned about each of the following : [rotate questions 17 to 20] 17. How about increasing tuition and fees for college students to deal with decreased state funding? 65% very concerned 26 somewhat concerned 4 not too concerned 4 not at all concerned 1 don’t know 18. How about admitting fewer college students to deal with decreased state funding? 62% very concerned 25 somewhat concerned 7 not too concerned 5 not at all concerned 1 don’t know 19. How about offering fewer college classes to deal with decreased state funding? 59% very concerned 28 somewhat concerned 7 not too concerned 4 not at all concerned 2 don’t know 20. How about reducing the pay and hours for college faculty and staff to deal with decreased state funding? 46% very concerned 34 somewhat concerned 9 not too concerned 9 not at all concerned 2 don’t know 21. Next, how important is a college education today? 86% very important 11 fairly important 3 not too important [rotate questions 22 to 24] 22. Do you think that a college education is necessar y for a person to be successful in today’s work world, or do you think that there are many ways to succeed in today’s work world without a college education? 63% college is necessary 35 many ways to succeed without a college education 2 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 30 23. Do you think that all Californians who are qualified to attend college should have the opportunity to enroll in one of the state’s public colleges or universities, or should college student admissions be restricted because of the cost to the st ate? 85% all qualified Californians should have the opportunity 12 college student admissions should be restricted 3 don’t know 24. Do you think that currently, the vast majority of people who are qualified to go to college have the opportunity to do so, or do you think there are many people who are qualified to go but don’t have the opportunity to do so? 26% majority have the opportunity 71 many people don’t have the opportunity 3 don’t know Next, please say if you agree or disagree with the following statements. [rotate questions 25 to 27] 25. The price of a college education keeps students who are qualified and motivated to go to college from doing so. 73% agree 25 disagree 2 don’t know 26. Almost anyone who needs financial help to go to colleg e can get loans or financial aid. 55% agree 40 disagree 5 don’t know 27. Students have to borrow too much money to pay for their college education. 74% agree 23 disagree 3 don’t know Next, [rotate questions 28 and 29] 28. How important do you think it is for public colleges and universities to have a racially diverse student body —that is, a mix of blacks, whites, Asians, Hispanics and other minorities? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 54% very important 23 somewhat important 11 not too important 11 not at all important 1 don’t know 29. How important do you think it is for public colleges and universities to have an economically diverse student body —that is, a mix of students from lower, middle, and upper -income backgrounds? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 57% very important 26 somewhat important 9 not too important 8 not at all important 30. On another topic, C alifornia’s community colleges have several important goals. From among the following, which do you think is the most important goal? [read list, rotate responses] 41% pr eparing students to transfer to four -year colleges and universities 25 providing career technical or vocational education 15 providing courses for lifelong learning and personal enrichment 8 providing associate’s degrees 5 providing basic skills or remedial education 6 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 31 [rotate questions 31 and 32] 31. How important to you is it that community colleges include career technical or vocational education? 73% very important 23 somewhat important 2 not too important 1 not at all important 1 don’t know 32. How important to you is it that community colleges include classes that prepare students to transfer to four -year colleges and universities? 78% very important 18 somewhat important 2 not too important 1 not at all important 1 don’t know On another topic, I am going to read you several ways that the federal and state governments can make California’s higher education system more affordable to students. For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal. [rotate questions 33 to 35] 33. How about increasing government funding available for wo rk-study opportunities for students to earn money while in college? 88% favor 11 oppose 1 don’t know 34. How about increasing government funding available for schol arships or grants for students? 84% favor 14 oppose 2 don’t know 35. How about having a sliding scale for tuition and fee costs, so that students pay according to their income status? 72% favor 25 oppose 3 don’t know 36. Given the state’s current budget situation, on a scale of 1 to 5— with 1 being a very low priority and 5 being a very high priority— what priority should be given to spending for California’s public colleges and universities? 3% very low priority 4 low priority 23 medium priority 32 high priority 36 very high priority 2 don’t know 37. How concerned are you that the state’s budget situation will cause significant spending cuts in higher education? 62% very concerned 30 somewhat concerned 5 not too concerned 3 not at all concerned 38. Do you favor or oppose the state government spending more money on public colleges and universities, even if it means less money for other state programs? 57% favor 34 oppose 9 don’t know Next, what if the state said it needed more money just to maintain current funding for public colleges and universities. [rotate questions 39 and 40] 39. Would you be willing to pay higher taxes for this purpose, or not? 49% yes 49 no 2 don’t know 40. Would you be willing to increase student fees for this purpose, or not? 35% yes 62 no 3 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 32 41. Would you be willing to admit more out-of - state students paying higher tuition f or this purpose, or not? ( if yes : Would you still support this even if it meant adm itting fewer in -state students?) 26% yes, even if it meant admitting fewer in-state students 31 yes, but not if it meant admitting fewer in -state students 38 no 5 don’t know 42. Next, in general, how important is Californ ia’s higher education system to the qualit y of life and economic vitality of the state over the next 20 years ? 77% very important 20 somewhat important 2 not too important 1 not at all important 43. In thinking ahead 20 years, if current trends continue, do you think California will have [rotate 1 and 2] (1) more than enough, (2) not enough, [or] just enough college- educated residents needed for the jo bs and skills likely to be in demand? 11% more than enough 56 not enough 27 just enough 6 don’t know 44. How much confidence do you have in the state government’s ability to plan for the future of California’s higher education system? 7% a great deal 33 only some 38 very little 19 none 3 don’t know 45. Given all of the issues that wil l be facing the new California g overnor in 2011, how important is planning for the future of California’s higher education system? 76% very important 21 somewhat important 2 not too important 1 not at all important 46. Do you worry that the current financial crisis will make it more difficult for your children or grandchildren to af ford to go to college, or not? ( if necessary, say: If this question does not app ly to you, please just tell me.) 85% yes 12 no 3 does not apply 47. Next, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote in California ? 84% yes [ask q47a] 16 no [skip to q48b ] 47a. Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or as an independent? 45% Democrat [ask q48] 31 Republican [skip to q48a] 3 another party ( specify) [skip to q49] 21 independent [skip to q48b] 48. Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 57% strong 40 not very strong 3 don’t know [skip to q49] 48a.Would you call yourself a strong Republican or not a very strong Republican? 52% strong 42 not very strong 6 don’t know [skip to q49] PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 33 48b.Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? 20% Republican Party 44 Democratic Party 29 neither (volunteered) 7 don’t know 49. Would you consider yourself to be politically: [read list, rotate order top to bottom] 14% very liberal 19 somewhat liberal 28 middle -of -the -road 22 somewhat conservative 14 very conservative 3 don’t know 50. Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics? 30% great deal 40 fair amount 24 only a little 6 none d 4d. [parents of children 18 or younger] What do you hope will be the highest grade level that your youngest child will achieve: some high school; high school graduate; some college or career technical training; college graduate; or a graduate degree after college? – % some high school 5 high school graduate 5 some college or career technical training 42 college graduate 46 a graduate degree after college 2 don’t know d 4e. [parents of children 18 or younger] How worried are you about being able to afford a colleg e education for your youngest child? Are you very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried? 57% very worried 25 somewhat worried 9 not too worried 8 not at all worried 1 don’t know d 4f. [parents of children 18 or younger] How do you feel about the progress, if any, that you have made so far in saving to help pay for your child’s college education —do you feel you are ahead, behind, or just about where you should be at this point? 8% ahead 62 behind 26 just about where you should be 3 haven’t started yet /will not be saving (volunteered) 1 don’t know [d 1- d4c and d 4g-d 16: demographic questions] PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ruben Barrales President and Chief Executive Officer San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Angela Blackwell Founder and Chief Executive Officer PolicyLink Paul Brest President The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Mollyann Brodie Senior Vice President Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Executive Director University of California Washington Center James E. Canales President The James Irvine Foundation Jon Cohen Director of Polling The Washington Post Matthew K. Fong Special Counsel Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton, LLP Russell Hancock President and Chief Executive Officer Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network William Hauck President California Business Roundtable Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Senior Scholar School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Carol S. Larson President and Chief Executive Officer The David and Luc ile Packard Foundation Monica Lozano Publisher and Chief Executive Officer Donna Lucas La Opinión Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Dan Rosenheim News Director KPIX -TV Robert K. Ross, M.D. President and Chief Executive Officer The California Endowment Most Reverend Jaime Soto Bishop of Sacramento Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento Cathy Taylor Vice President and Editorial Commentary Director Raymond L. Watson Orange County Register Vice Chairman of the Board Emeritus The Irvine Company Carol Whiteside President Emeritus Great Valley Center The PPIC Statewide Survey Advisory Committee is a diverse group of experts who provide advice on survey issues. However, survey methods, questions, content, and timing are determined solely by PPIC. PPIC BOARD OF DIRECTORS Walter B. Hewlett, Chair Director Center for Computer Assisted Research in the Humanities Mark Baldassare President and Chief Executive Officer Public Policy Institute of C alifornia Ruben Barrales President and Chief Executive Officer San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Maria Blanco Executive Director Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Race, Ethnicity and Diversity University of California, Berkeley School of Law John E. Bryson Retired Chairman and CEO Edison International Gary K. Hart Former State Senator and Secretary of Education State of California Robert M. Hertzberg Partner Mayer Brown, LLP Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs David Mas Masumoto Author and farmer Steven A. Merksamer Senior Partner Nielsen, Merksamer, Parrinello, Mueller & Naylor, LLP Constance L. Rice Co-Director The Advancement Project Thomas C. Sutton Retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Pacific Life Insurance C ompany The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research on major economic, social, and political issues. The institute’s goal is to raise public awareness and to give elected representatives and other decisionmakers a more informed basis for developing policies and programs. The institute’s research focuses on the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public pol icy concerns, including economic development, education, environment and resources, governance, population, public finance, and social and health policy. PPIC is a private operating foundation. It does not take or support positions on any ballot measures or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. PPIC was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. Mark Baldassare is President and Chief Executive Officer of PPIC. Walter B. Hewlett is Chair of the Board of Directors. Short sections of text, not to exceed three paragraphs, may be quoted without written permission provided that full attribution is given to the source and the copyright notice below is included. Copyright © 2010 Public Policy Institute of California All rights reserved. San Francisco, CA PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, California 94111 phone: 415.291.4400 fax: 415.291.4401 PPIC SACRAMENTO CENT ER Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, California 95814 phone: 916.440.1120 fax: 916.440.1121 www.ppic.org survey@ppic.org" } ["___content":protected]=> string(104) "

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" ["_permalink":protected]=> string(113) "https://www.ppic.org/publication/ppic-statewide-survey-californians-and-higher-education-november-2010/s_1110mbs/" ["_next":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_prev":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_css_class":protected]=> NULL ["id"]=> int(8782) ["ID"]=> int(8782) ["post_author"]=> string(1) "1" ["post_content"]=> string(0) "" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:40:48" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(4120) ["post_status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["post_title"]=> string(9) "S 1110MBS" ["post_type"]=> string(10) "attachment" ["slug"]=> string(9) "s_1110mbs" ["__type":protected]=> NULL ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(13) "S_1110MBS.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "568173" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(95734) "& p p i c s tat e w i d e s u r v e y Californians Mark Baldassare Dean Bonner Sonja Petek Nicole Willcoxon in collaboration with The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation CONTENTS About the Survey 2 Press Release 3 Attitudes and Policy Preferences 6 Perceptions and Approval Ratings 14 Regional Map 24 Methodology 25 Questionnaire and Results 27 higher education NOVEMBER 2010 November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 2 ABOUT THE SURVEY The PPIC Statewide Sur vey provides policymakers, the media, and the general public with objective, advocacy- free information on the perceptions, opinions, and public policy preferences of California residents. Inaugurated in April 1998, this is the 111th PPIC Statewide Sur vey in a series that has generated a database that includes the respon ses of more than 236,000 Californians. This sur vey is par t of a PPIC Statewide Sur vey series on K –12 and higher education, environment, and population issues, funded by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. This is the four th PPIC Statewide Sur vey focu sing on higher education. This sur vey seeks to inform state policymakers, encourage discussion, and raise public awareness about the state’s public higher education system —the state’s third largest area of spending. Currently, about 3.6 million students use publicly funded higher education, according to data from the three higher education systems: the California Community Colleges, California State University, and University of California. Higher education is guided by a 1960 master plan that calls for ma king a college education available to ever y qualified California high school graduate. This past year ’s poor economic news brought a renewed focus on higher education issues, with many concerned that neglecting higher education will hur t the state’s future . Students demonstrated repeatedly against tuition and fee increases, the legislature’s joint committee on the master plan met to discuss the issues, and Governor Schwarzenegger highlighted the impor tance of higher education funding in his state of the state speech. The recently passed 2010-2011 state budget included more money for the three systems but funding level s still remain below those of a few years ago. This repor t presents the responses of 2,502 California adult s, inter viewed in multiple languages on landline and cell phones , on these specific topics:  Attitudes and policy preferences, including opinions about state funding for public colleges and universities and preferences for state spending i n this area; concerns about specific steps already taken to deal with reduced funding; preferences for raising revenues and for government policies to help students afford college; and attitudes about the impor tance of higher education to California’s future and whether the state will have enough college- educated residents to meet future needs .  Perceptions and approval ratings , including the perceived impor tance of a college education and of maintaining universal access to higher education for all qualified Californians; ratings of the three branches and assesments of overall conditions ; approval ratings of the governor and legislature on their handling of the system; opinions about affordability and oppor tunity; perceived impor tance of racial and economic diversity; views of the role of community colleges ; and parental concerns about affording their childrens’ college educations.  Time trends, national comparisons, and variations in perceptions, attitudes, and preferences regarding public colleges and universities across five major regions of the state (Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Los Angeles County, Inland Empire, and Orange/San Diego Counties), among Asians, blacks, Lat inos, and non-Hispanic whites, across socioeconomic and political groups, and among parents . This repor t may be downloaded free of charge from our website ( www.ppic.org). For questions about the sur vey, please contact sur vey@ppic.org . Tr y our PPIC Statewide Sur vey interactive tools online at http://www.ppic.org/main/sur vAdvancedSearch.asp. November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 3 PPIC Statewide Survey CONTACT Linda Strean 415-291-4412 Andrew Hattori 415- 291-4417 NEWS RELEASE EMBARGOED: Do not publish or broadcast until 9:00 p.m. PST on Wednesday , November 17, 2010. Para v er este comunicado de prensa en español, por favor visite nuestra página de internet: http://www.ppic.org/main/pressreleaseindex.asp PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY: CALIFORNIANS AND HIGHER EDUCATION Concerns Rise Over Funding of Public Colleges, Universities MORE FAVOR RAISING O WN TAXES THAN INCREA SING STUDENT FEES SAN FRANCISCO, November 17 , 2010 —A strong majority of Californians say state funding for higher education is i nadequate and most would favor more spending on public colleges and universities even if it means less money for other state programs. These are the findings of a statewide survey released today by the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) with support from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. A poor economy and persistent state budget deficit have taken a notable toll on Californians’ views about state funding for public higher education in the PPIC survey— taken before the state legislative analyst projected a $25.4 billion budget shortfall over the next 18 months. Today, 74 percent of residents say the state does not provide enough money for colleges and universities, up 17 p oints from October 2007 (57%). Most Californians (68%) believe that spending for public higher education should be given a high or very high priority— a 14 -point increase from November 2008 (54%) —and 57 percent favor spending more on higher education even at the expense of other programs. Most (62%) are very concerned that the state budget situation will cause significant spending cuts in higher education, up 14 points from November 2008 (48%). As Californians overall have grown more concerned about funding for higher education, parents’ concerns about paying for their children’s college education have also increased. Today, 57 percent of parents with children 18 or younger are very worried about being able to afford college (43% October 2007, 46% November 2008, 50% November 2009). Concern is especially high today among Latino parents, with 72 percent very worried about being able to pay for college —up 19 points since 2007. “Residents se e higher education as crucial —to personal success and to California’s future,” says Mark Baldassare, PPIC president and CEO. “They are clearly worried about the state’s ability to fund public colleges and universities that are high quality and widely accessible.” CALIFORNIANS SPLIT ON INCREASING TAXES T O MAINTAIN FUNDING What steps would residents be willing to take to raise revenue for colleges and universities? They are divided on whether they would pay higher taxes to maintain current funding (49% yes, 49% no), with a strong partisan divide (64% of Democrats yes, 51% of independents and 69% of Republicans no). However, Californians’ willingnes s to pay higher taxes has increased over the last year (41% yes, 56% no in 2009). And they are much more likely to favor raising their own taxes than to raising student fees to maintain current funding (35% yes, 62% no) . Opposition to raising student fee s holds across party lines (63% Democrats, 60% Republicans, 59% independents). ( The PPIC survey was taken before PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 4 the University of California proposed, and California State University approved, fee increases earlier this month. ) A majority of adults (57%) support another idea under consideration: admitting more out -of -state students who pay higher tuition. But support drops to 26 percent if doing so would mean that fewer Califo rnia students would be admitted. Asked about measures colleges and universities have already taken to deal with decreased state funding, Californians are most likely to be very concerned about increasing tuition and fees for student s (65%), followed by admitting fewer students (62%), offering fewer classes (59%), and reducing the pay and hours for college faculty and staff (46%). Although spared from state budget cuts this year, higher education still receives less funding than in earlier years. Most residents (66%) believe educational quality will suffer if state government makes budget cuts to higher education, while 29 percent say educational quality could be maintained. Asked to choose among approaches that would significantly improve the quality of the system, a majority (54%) choose a combination of using funds more wisely and increasing funds, while 34 percent say just using funds more wisely would significantly improve quality, and just 11 percent say a funding increase alone would do so. HIGHER EDUCATION VIE WED AS HIGH PRIORITY FOR NEW GOVERNOR Most adults (75%) nationwide say that a college education is very important (Phi Delta Kappa/ Gallup poll, June 2010), and the PPIC survey shows Californians are even more likely to say so (86%). A strong majority (63%) see a college education as necessary for a person to be successful in today’s work world, while just 35 percent say that there are many ways to succeed without college. Nearly all Californians say that given all of the issues facing the new governor in 2011, planning for the future of the state’s higher education system is very important (76%) or somewhat important (21%). However, confidence in the state government’s ability to plan for the future of California higher education is not high: most residents (57%) have very little or no confidence in the government’s ability to so, while 40 percent have some or a great deal of confidence. This is a reversal from 2007, when 57 percent had some or a great deal of confidence in the state’s ability to plan for the system’s future. MOST SUPPORT UNIVERS AL ACCESS—AND MOST SAY COST IS A BARRIER A key principle of California’s 1960 master plan for higher education was universal access to college for all qualified state residents, and most Californians today concur with this view. Asked whether they think all Californians who are qualifi ed to attend college should have an opportunity to do so, 85 percent say yes and just 12 percent say admissions should be restricted because of the cost to the state. But only 26 percent of Californians think that the vast majority of people qualified to go to college are able to do so and 71 percent say many people don’t have the opportunity. An overwhelming majority (73%) think the price of a college education keeps students who are qualified and motivated from attending. Strong majorities across politi cal, regional, and demographic groups agree. At the same time, a majority (55%) think that almost anyone who needs financial help can get loans or financial aid, while 40 percent disagree. However 74 percent say students must borrow too much money to pay f or a college education. Given Californians’ concerns about college costs, it is not surprising that there is strong support for government programs that make college more af fordable. Large majorities favor increasing government funding for work -study oppo rtunities (88%) and for scholarships and grants (84%). To a lesser degree, they also favor having a sliding scale for tuition and fee costs so that students would pay according to income (72%). PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 5 UC, CSU, COMMUNITY COLLEGES GET GOOD GRA DES While Californians are most likely to identify the state budget situation (74%) or overall affordability (60%) as a big problem in the higher education system, far fewer see quality as a big problem (22%). And as they have since October 2007, strong majorities of residents say each branch of the system is doing a good or excellent job. They view each similarly, with 62 percent saying the California State University system is doing at least a good job (9% excellent, 53% good) and 64 percent saying the same for the University of California (15% excellent, 49% good) and community college system (13% excellent, 51% good). Asked specifically about the role of community colleges, a plurality (41%) say the most important goal for this branch of higher education is preparing student s to transfer to four-year schools. Fewer say the goal is to provide career technical or vocational education (25%) or courses for lifelong learning or personal enrichment (15%). Even less frequently mentioned: providing associate’s degrees (8%) and provid ing basic skills or remedial education (5%). Nearly all Californians say it is very important (78%) or somewhat important (18%) that community colleges include classes that prepare students to transfer to four -year colleges and universities, and nearly all say it is very (73%) or somewhat important (23%) that community colleges include career technical or vocational education. MORE KEY FINDINGS  Higher education seen as important to future —page 12 Nearly all Californians say that the state’s higher education system is very important (77%) or somewhat important (20%) to the quality of life and economic vitality of the state over the next 20 years. And a majority (56%) say that if current trends continue, California will not have enough college -educated worker s for the jobs and skills likely to be in demand in 20 years. The share of residents who hold this view is up 7 points since last November (49%).  State leaders: low approval ratings overall, low for handling higher education —page 17 Just one in four Califo rnians (25%) approve of Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger’s job performance, similar to the low r atings he has received all year . Just 19 percent approve of his handling of public colleges and universities. The legislature ranks lower, with 14 percent approval ratings overall — matching the record low —and 15 percent approving of lawmakers’ handling of higher education.  Economic, racially diverse student body valued —page 21 Three in four Californians (77%) say it is very or somewhat important for public colleges and universities to have a racially diverse student body. More than eight in 10 (83%) hold this view about economic diversity.  Nearly all parents aspire to college for their children —page 23 Among parents of children 18 or younger , nearly all hope their y oungest child gets a college degree (42%) or post -graduate degree (46%). Among racial/ethnic groups, strong majorities of both white and Latino parents hope their child gets a college degree ( 37% whites, 52% Latinos) or post -graduate degree (54% whites, 30 % Latinos). November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 6 ATTITUDES AND POLICY PREFERENCES KEY FINDINGS  Californians’ belief that state funding for public colleges and universities is inadequate (74%) has risen 17 points s ince October 2007 . Most (66%) think more cuts will affect educational quality. (page 7 )  Tw o in three Californians say state spending on higher education should be a high or very high priority (up 14 points since 2008 ). Fifty -seven percent say the state should increase spending in this area even at the expense of other programs. Six in 10 are v ery concerned the state’s budget situation will result in spending cuts (up 14 points since 2008 ). (page 8 )  Majorities of Californians are very concerned about ways to compensate for decreased state funding: increasing tuition (65%), reducing admissions ( 62%), and offering fewer courses (59%). (page 9 )  More Californians favor raising their own taxes (49 %) than increasing student fees (35 %) to fund higher education. Voters are divided along party lines about taxes, but are similar in opposing higher fees . A majority would consider admitting more out -of -state students , who pay more, but support falls if that means fewer California student admissions . (page 10)  There is strong support for government programs —such as work -study, grants, and a hypothetical sliding tuition scale—to help students afford college. (page 11 )  Strong majorities of Californians say the higher education system is very important to the state’s future and should be a high priority for the next governor, but a majority lack confidence in the state government ’s ability to plan for the system’s future. ( page s 1 2, 13 ) 5752 4140 4245 5757 0 20 40 60 80 100 Oct2007Nov2008Nov2009Nov2010 Percent all adults Great deal/some Very little/none Confidence in State Government to Plan for Futureof Higher Education 41 49 56 49 0 20 40 60 80 Nov 2009Nov 2010 Percent all adults Yes No Willing to Pay Higher Taxes to Maintain Current Funding for Higher Education? 76 28 15 57 74 0 20 40 60 80 100 Oct 2007Nov 2010 Percent all adults More than enough Just enough Not enough Current Level of State Funding for Higher Education PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 7 ADEQUACY AND EFFICIENCY OF STATE FUNDING Seventy-four percent of Californians say state funding for public colleges and universities is not enough. This is a notable incr ease since October 2007— before the economic downturn and state budget crisis had deepened —when 57 percent held this view. Today, 84 percent of Democrats and 74 percent of independents say funding is insufficient, compared to 55 percent of Republicans. At l east two in three across regions and nearly all demographic groups believe funding falls short. Among t hose who are currently students in one of California’s public colleges or universities , most (86%) consider funding to be inadequate . Fewer than 14 percent across all groups consider funding to be more than enough. “Do you think the current level of state funding for California’s public colleges and universities is more than enough, just enough, or not enough?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind More than enough 6% 3 % 13 % 6 % 8 % Just enough 15 11 25 15 17 Not enough 74 84 55 74 70 Don’t know 5 2 7 5 5 Strong majorities of Californians agree that either increasing the amount of funding (74%) or using existing fund s more wisely (8 4%) would lead to major improvements in the state’s higher education system. When then asked which approach would improve the system the most, a majority (54%) say that the state needs to both increase funding and use existing funds more wisely. Thirty -fou r percent believe that just using funds more wisely would significantly improve quality, while only 11 percent believe that increasing funding alone would significantly improve quality. Despite the economic downturn and persistent state budget deficit , findings have changed little since October 2007 (39% use funds more wisely, 9% increase funding, 50% do both). Voters are divided along partisan lines, with most Republicans (56 %) saying existing state funds should be used more wisely and most Democrats (64% ) saying funds should be increased and used more wisely; a majority of independents (53%) also prefer this dual approach. “To significantly improve California’s higher education system, which of the following statements do you agree with the most? We need to use existing state funds more wisely, or, w e need to increase the amount of state funding, or, we need to use existing state funds more wisely and increase the amount of state funding. ” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Use funds more wis ely 34 % 23 % 56 % 34 % 38 % Increase funding 11 13 6 10 9 Use funds more wisely and increase funding 54 64 37 53 52 Don’t know 1 – 1 3 1 In the 2010- 2011 state budget, colleges and universities received slight increase s in funding, but are still receiving less than in earlier years. If the state government makes budget cuts in higher education, two in three (66%) believe educational quality will suffer, while three in 10 (29%) believe educational quality could be maintained. Strong majorities of Democrats (73%) and independents (67%) believe quality would suffer; to a lesser extent, Republicans (54%) agree. Among those who are c urrently attending a California public college or university , 73 percent believe quality would suffer. PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 8 STATE BUDGET SITUATION Most Californians (68%) believe that spending for California’s public colleges and universities should be given a high (32%) or very high (36%) priority, up 14 points since November 2008 (54%: 28% high, 26% very high priority) and up 9 points since November 2009 (59%: 33% high, 26% very high priority). Across parties today, strong majorities of Democrats (79%) and independents (69%) believe a high or very high priority should be placed on spending for higher education ; h alf o f Republicans agree. Stron g majorities across regions and demographic groups believe a high or very high priority should be placed on spending for the state’s public colleges and universities. About four in 10 in Los Angeles (41%), the Inland Empire (40%), and the San Francisco Bay Area (38%) say very high priority, compared to 34 percent in the Central Valley and 29 percent in Orange/San Diego Counties. Latinos (49%) and blacks (44%) are more likely than Asians (33%) and whites (29%) to say very high priority. Californians currentl y attending one of the state’s public institutions (41%) or those with children currently attending (43%) consider such spending a very high priority. “Given the state’s current budget situation, on a scale of 1 t o 5—with 1 being a very low priority and 5 being a very high priority —what priority should be given to spending for California’s public colleges and universities?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind High /very high priority 68% 79 % 50 % 69 % 67 % Medium priority 23 16 36 22 24 Low /very low priority 7 4 12 7 8 Don’t know 2 1 2 2 1 A majority of Californians and likely voters (57% each) would favor the state government spending more money on public colleges and universities even if it means less money for other state programs. Two in three Democrats (66%) would favor this idea. Independents (51% favor, 40% oppose) and Republicans (49% favor, 42% oppose) are more likely to favor than oppose the state spending more on higher education even if it means less money for other programs. More than half across regions and nearly all demographic groups favor this idea. Still, about six in 10 Latinos (63%) and Asians (60%) favor this idea compared to 54 percent of whites and 49 percent of blacks . M en (60%) are somewhat more likely than wom en (53%) , and residents age d 55 and older somewhat more likely than younger residents, to agree. “Do you favor or oppose the state government spending more money on public colleges and universities, even if it means less money for other state programs?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 57% 66 % 49 % 51 % 57 % Oppose 34 26 42 40 34 Don’t know 9 8 9 9 9 Six in 10 Californians (62%) are very concerned that the state’s budget situation will cause significant spending cuts in hi gher education, a jump of 14 points since November 2008 (48%). Democrats (73%) are much more likely than independents (59%) and Republicans (44%) to be very concerned. Across regions, between 58 percent and 65 percent are very concerned. Blacks (75%) and L atinos (70%) are more likely than Asians (61%) and whites (55%) to be very concerned about potential budget cuts. PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 9 CONCERNS ABOUT STATE FUNDING California’s public colleges and universities have taken a number of specific measures to deal with decreased st ate funding. Among these, Californians are the most likely to be very concerned about increasing student tuition and fees (65%), followed by admitting fewer college students (62%), offering fewer college classes (59%), and reducing the pay and hours for co llege faculty and staff (46%). The percentage of Californians who are very concerned is nearly the same as last year for increasing tuition (62% to 65% today), for offering fewer courses (57% to 59% today), and for reducing the pay and hours of faculty and staff (48% to 46%). There has been a slight increase in the percentage very concerned about admitting fewer students (57% to 62% today). “There are a number of ways California’s public colleges and universities have dealt with decreased funding. Please te ll me if you are very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned about each of the following.” Increasing tuition and fees for college students Admitting fewer college students Offering fewer college classes Reducing the pay and hours for college faculty a nd staff Very concerned 65% 62 % 59 % 46 % Somewhat concerned 26 25 28 34 Not too concerned 4 7 7 9 N ot at all concerned 4 5 4 9 Don’t know 1 1 2 2 Parents of children currently attending one of the state’s publi c colleges or universities are 8 to 12 points more likely than adults overall to be very concerned about each of these measures . Those who are currently attending one of the schools are also more likely to be very concerned about increasing tuition (73%), reducing admissions (73%), and especially about offering fewer classes (76%), but express similar concern about reducing the pay and hours of faculty and staff (49%). Majorities across racial/ethnic groups are very concerned about increasing tuition and reducing admissions; blacks are the most likely to be very concerned. Blacks and Latinos are far more likely than whit es and Asians to be very concerned about offering fewer classes and about reducing the pay and hours of faculty and staff . Percent saying very concerned Increasing tuition and fees for college students Admitting fewer college students Offering fewer college classes Reducing the pay and hours for college faculty a nd staff All Adults 65% 62 % 59 % 46 % Likely Voters 63 61 58 41 Parents of Child in California Public College/University 74 70 71 54 Race/ Ethnicity Asians 60 54 46 36 Blacks 83 82 71 56 Latinos 71 65 69 57 Whites 61 59 54 40 Region Central Valley 67 60 61 41 San Francisco Bay Area 64 66 60 48 Los Angeles 71 65 65 55 Orange/San Diego 58 54 51 37 Inland Empire 66 64 56 48 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 10 RAISING REVENUES Californians are concerned about state budget cuts to higher education and believe public colleges and universities do not receive enough funding from the state, but aside from taking money from other state programs, what steps would they take to raise revenues? Californians and likely voters are evenly divided about paying higher taxes to maintain current funding for public colleges and universities (49% yes, 49% no). The re is much greater opposition among Californians (35% yes, 62% no) and likely voters (37% yes, 60% no) toward increasing student fees to maintain current funding levels. Californians were more opposed to paying higher taxes in 2008 (44% yes, 52% no) and in 2009 (41% yes, 56% no). Most Democrats (64%) today would pay higher taxes and most Republicans (69%) would not; independents are divided. Only in the San Francisco Bay Area would a majority pay higher taxes for higher education. Los Angeles and Inland Empire residents are divided, while majorities in the Central Valley and Orange/San Diego Counties are opposed. Blacks (61%) are willing to pay higher taxes, while Latinos and w hites are divided and Asians are opposed. Support drops with age, but rises with education. The percentage of Californians willing to increase student fees (35%) to maintain funding is up 6 points from last year (29%) , but is similar to 2008 (32%) . Voters across parties (63% Democrats, 60% Republicans, 59% independents) oppose this idea and m ajorities across regions and demographic groups agree. B lacks (76%) and Latinos (68%) are more opposed than whites (58%) or Asians (57%). Support for increasing fees is higher among college graduates and upper -income residents than others . “W hat if t he state said it needed more money just to maintain current funding for public colleges and universities. Would you be willing to…?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Pay higher taxes for this purpose, or not? Yes 49 % 64 % 27 % 47 % 49 % No 49 34 69 51 49 Don't know 2 2 4 2 2 Increase student fees for this purpose, or not? Yes 35 34 38 39 37 No 62 63 60 59 60 Don't know 3 3 2 2 3 One idea under consideration is to admit more out -of -state students , who pay higher tuition . A majority of Californians (57%) would support this idea, but support declines to 26 percent if doing so would mean fewer California students being admitted. Nearly four in 10 (38%) are opposed to the idea altogether. About six in 10 across parties would fav or the idea in general, but Republicans (32%) are somewhat more likely than independents (26%) or Democrats (25%) to consider it even if it meant fewer in- state students. “What if the state said it needed more money just to maintain current funding for pub lic colleges and universities. Would you be willing to a dmit more out -of-state students paying higher tuition for this purpose, or not? (if yes: Would you still support this even if it meant admitting fewer in-state students?)” All Adults Region Parents of Child in High School Central Valley San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Yes, even if it meant fewer in- state 26% 24 % 26 % 25 % 32 % 21 % 24 % Yes, but not if it meant fewer in-state 31 26 36 28 27 31 31 No 38 43 33 42 32 44 40 Don’t know 5 7 5 5 9 4 5 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 11 ROLE OF GOVERNMENT POLICY Californians continue to favor several ways that the federal and state government can make higher education more affordable. Su pport is high for increasing governme nt funding available for work-study opportunities (88%) and for scholarships or grants for students (84%), and for having a sliding scale for tuition and fee costs, so that students would pay according to their income (72%). Nearly nine in 10 Californians and 85 percent of likely voters favor increasing government funding available for work -study opportunities for students to earn money in college. Support among all adults has been similar each of the four times we have asked this question (86% 2007, 88% 20 08, 85% 2009, 88% today). S upport today is high across partisan groups , with Democrats (95%) the most likely to be in favor, followed by independents (86%) and Republicans (78%). More than eight in 10 across regions and demographic groups favor this idea. California adults (84%) and likely voters (81%) also favor increasing government funding available for scholarships or grants for students. At least eight in 10 adults have favored this idea each time we asked this question (83% 2007, 83% 2008, 80% 2009, 84% today). There is support again across parties, but Democrats (93%) and independents (85%) are far more supportive than Republicans (68%). At least eight in 10 across regions are in favor, as are more than three in four across demographic groups. Eight in 10 whites favor this proposal, with even higher support among Asians (87%), Latinos (89%), and blacks (96%). Support for increasing funding for scholarships or grants decreases as age and income increase. Californians (72%) and likely voters (69%) also favor —albeit to a lesser degree —having a sliding scale for tuition and fee s so that students pay according to their income. At least two in three Californians have supported this idea each of the three times this question has been asked (70% 2008, 67% 2009, 72% today) . Although support is high across parties, Democrats (79%) are again more likely than independents (71%) and Republicans (60%) to be in favor. Two in three or more across regions and at least six in 10 across demographic groups favor this idea. Blacks (85%) and Latinos (81%) are much more likely than Asians and whites (67% each) to favor a sliding scale; support decreases sharply as education level and income increase. “I am going to read you several ways that the federal and state governments can make California’s higher education syst em more affordable to students. For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal . How about…” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Increasing government funding available for work -study opportunities for students to earn money while in college? Favor 88% 95 % 78 % 86 % 85 % Oppose 11 4 21 13 14 Don't know 1 1 1 1 1 Increasing government funding available for scholarships or grants for students? Favor 84 93 68 85 81 Oppose 14 6 30 11 17 Don't know 2 1 2 4 2 Having a sliding scal e for tuition and fee costs, so that students pay according to their income status? Favor 72 79 60 71 69 Oppose 25 18 38 27 29 Don't know 3 3 2 2 2 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 12 HIGHER EDUCATION AND CALIFORNIA’S FUTURE Nearly all Californians say that the state’s higher education system is very (77%) or somewhat (20%) important to the quality of life and economic vitality of the state over the next 20 years. This perception has been similar each of the four times we have asked this question (76% 2007, 72% 2008, 72% 2009, 77% today). Today, Democrats (85%) are much more likely than independents (73%) and far more likely than Republicans (65%) to hold this view. More than two in three Californians across regions and demographic groups consider the higher education system to be very important to the state’s future. Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay Area r esidents (80% each) are the most likely to hold this view, followed by I nland Empire (76%), Central Valley (75%), and Orange/ San Diego County (69%) residents . Blacks (87%) and Latinos (84%) are much more likely than whites (74%) and Asians (67%) to say the higher education system is very important. About eight in 10 of those who have children attending a California pu blic college or university (82%), who are currently attending one themselves (84%), or who are alumni (79%) view the higher education system as very important. “In general, how important is California’s higher education system to the quality of life and ec onomic vitality of the state over the next 20 years?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Very important 77% 85 % 65 % 73 % 77 % Somewhat important 20 12 31 23 20 Not too important 2 2 2 2 2 N ot at all important 1 – 1 1 1 D on't know – 1 1 1 – A majority of Californians (56%) think that if current trends continue, in 20 years California will not have enough college -educated residents need ed for the jobs and skills likely to be in demand then . Projections by PPIC researchers indicate that in 15 years, only 35 percent of working-age adults in California will have college degrees, but that 41 percent of jobs will require one. The perception that California will not have enough college -educated residents has increased 7 points since last November (49%), and a plurality ha ve said not enough each time we have asked this question (52% 2007, 47% 2008, 49% 2009, and 56% today). Today, majorities across parties say the state will not have enough college -educated residents in the future, as do b etween 55 and 57 percent across regions. Blacks (63%) are the most likely racial/ethnic group to hold this view, followed by Latinos (57%), whites (57%) , and Asians (50%) . T he percentage saying not enough increases somewhat with education. “In thinking ahead 20 years, if current trends co ntinue, do you think California will have more than enough, not enough, or just enough college- educated residents needed for the jobs and skills likely to be in demand?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind More than enough 11% 8 % 17 % 12 % 12 % Not enough 56 62 53 55 55 Just enough 27 26 26 27 28 Don't know 6 4 4 6 5 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 13 HIGHER EDUCATION AND CALIFORNIA’S FUTURE (CONTINUED) Given all of the issues facing the new governor in 2011, nearly all Californians say that planning for the future of California’s higher education system is very (76%) or somewhat (21%) important . Majorities across parties consider this very important, but Democrats (86%) are much more likely than independents (72%) or Republicans (63% ) to hold this view. M ore th an two in three across regions say planning for higher education is very important. Blacks (89%) and Latinos (84%) are much more likely than whites (71%) and Asians (64%) to view planning for the future of California’s higher education system as very important. Overwhelming majorities of those with children in a California public college (83%) and of those currently attending (89%) say planning is very important. “Given all of the issues that will be facing the new California gov ernor in 2011, how important is planning for the future of California’s higher education system?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Very important 76% 86 % 63 % 72 % 76 % Somewhat important 21 13 32 25 21 Not too important 2 1 3 2 2 N ot at all important 1 – 1 – – D on't know – – 1 1 1 Although most residents say planning for the future of California’s higher education system is very important for the next governor, only four in 10 say they have a great deal (7%) or some (33%) confi dence in the state government’s ability to plan for that future. Confidence today is similar to last November (41% great deal/only some), but much lower than in 2008 (52%) or 2007 (57%). A majority today (57%) have very little or no confidence in the state government’s ability to plan for the future of the higher education system. C onfidence is much higher among Democrats (45%) and independents (42%) than among Republicans (31%). Majorities across regions have very little or no confidence in the state gover nment’s ability to plan for the future of California’s higher education system. Central Valley residents (65%) are the most likely —and Los Angeles residents (52%) the least likely— to hold this view. Whites (64%) are the most negative about the state govern ment’s ability to plan, followed by Asians (53%), blacks (52%), and Latinos (51%). Younger and lower -income Californians have more confidence in the state than older and higher -income residents. Nearly half of those currently attending a California public college or university have confidence . “How much confidence do you have in the state government’s ability to plan for the future of California’s higher education system?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind A great deal 7% 8 % 3 % 5 % 5 % Only some 33 37 28 37 33 Very little 38 39 39 35 38 None 19 14 29 22 23 Don't know 3 2 1 1 1 November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 14 PERCEPTIONS AND APPROVAL RATINGS KEY FINDINGS  Most Californians and adults nationwide consider a college education today to be very important, but Californians are even more likely to hold this view. Nearly two in three also believe college is necessary t o be successful and 85 percent say all qualified Californians should have the chance to enroll in a public institution despite the cost to the state. (page 15)  Only 22 percent say the overall quality of education in the state’ s higher education system is a big problem; much higher percentages say affordability (60%) and the state budget situation (74%) are big problems for the system. (page 16)  Californians give low approval ratings to Governor Schwarzenegger and the state legislature overall and for the ir handling of the higher education system . (page 17 )  The three branches (community colleges, state universities, and the Universit y of California) each continue to receive positive marks from residents . (page 18)  Majorities agree that many qualified stu dents lack the opportunity to go to college; most blame the cost of college and say s tudents must borrow too much. Still, a majority believe financial aid is available to those who need it. (pages 1 9, 20 )  A plurality (41%) think the most important goal of community colleges is providing courses to help students transfer to four - year schools ; 25 percent say it is providing career technical education. (page 2 2)  Nearly all parents would like their children to go to college, but a growing share are very worri ed about affording it. Concern is especially pronounced among Latino and lower -income parents. (page 23 ) 34 27 211929 23 1615 0 10 20 30 40 50 Oct2007Nov2008Nov2009Nov2010 Percent all adults Governor Schwarzenegger California Legislature Approval Ratings on Higher Education 75 86 21 11 0 20 40 60 80 100 United States*California Percent all adults Very important Fairly important Importance of a College Education Today? *Phi Delta K appa/Gallup poll, June 2010 434650 57 252723 17 0 20 40 60 80 Oct2007Nov2008Nov2009Nov2010 Percent parents Very worried Not too/at all worried Parental Concerns about Affording College PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 15 IMPORTANCE OF HIGHER EDUCATION An overwhelming majority of Californians (86%) view a college education as very important. Seventy- five percent of adults nationwide also hold this view, according to a June Phi Delta Kappa/Gallup poll . At least three in four Californians across parties, regions, and demographic groups say college is very important. At the same time, a strong majority (63%) think a coll ege education is necessary for a person to be successful in today’s work world, similar to results in the past (64% October 2007, 68% November 2008, 66% November 2009). According to a Public Agenda poll from December 2009, 55 percent of adults nationwide t hink college is necessary; 43 percent say there are many ways to succeed without a college education . In California, p arents of children 18 or younger (70%) are somewhat more likely than all adults to say college is necessary. Democrats (68%) are the most likely to agree, followed by independents (58%) and Republicans (51%). Differences across r acial/ethnic groups are stark: overwhelming majorities of Latinos (80%), blacks (76%), and Asians (71%) think it is necessa ry, while far fewer whites (50%) say so. A cross other groups, the percentage saying that college is necessary is highest among those with a high school degree or less ( 72%), those earning less than $4 0,000 (70%), women (68%), and adults 35 to 54 (68%). “Do you think that a college education is n ecessary for a person to be successful in today’s work world, or do you think that there are many ways to succeed in today’s work world without a college education?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites College is necessary 63% 71 % 76 % 80 % 50% 70 % Many ways to succeed 35 27 22 18 47 28 Don’t know 2 2 2 2 3 2 Asked whether they think all Californians who are qualified to attend college should have the oppor tunity to do so, 85 percent s ay they should, while just 12 percent say admissions should be restricted because of the cost to the state. Parents of children 18 or younger hold nearly identical views. One of the founding principles of California’s 1960 master plan for higher education was universal access for all qualified Californians . Despite an econom ic and fiscal crisis facing the state today, universal access is preferred over restricted access by overwhelming majorities across groups. There are some differences within groups: nea rly all Democrats (90%) and 85 percent of independents think all Californians should have the opportunity to enroll, compared to 76 percent of Republicans. Three in four Orange/San Diego County residents (76%) hold this view , while at least 84 percent elsewhere do. Nearly all blacks (94%) think those who are qualified should have access ; nine in 10 Latinos, 88 percent of Asians, and 81 percent of whites agree. Adults aged 18 to 34 (88%) are somewhat more likely than adults 55 and older (80%), and women (88% ) are somewhat more likely than men (81%), to think those qualified should have the opportunity. Results are similar across education and income levels. “Do you think that all Californians who are qualifie d to attend college should have the opportunity to enroll in one of the state’s public colleges or universities, or should college student admissions be restricted because of the cost to the state?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites All Californians should have the opportunity 85% 88 % 94 % 90 % 81% 86 % Admissions should be restricted 12 10 5 9 13 12 Don’t know 3 2 1 1 6 2 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 16 OVERALL CONDITIONS Although spared from state budget cuts this year, the California higher education system is s till facing shortfalls; this is reflected in the majority of respondents who identify fiscal issues—affordability or student costs (37%), or lack of government funding or state budget cuts (20%)—as the most important ones facing higher education today. Given this concern— and after a tumultuo us year for California institutions that saw protests against tuition increases and instructor furloughs —how problematic do Californians view the state’s higher education system today ? Seventy- four percent say the overall state budget situation is a big problem , similar to November 2009 (70%). Six in 10 also say overall affordability is a big problem, similar to last year (57%) , but up seven points since October 2007. Meanwhile, far fewer say quality is a big problem (22%), similar to the past ( 18% 2007 and 2008, 21% 2009). Still, the belief that quality is at least somewhat of a problem (58%) has risen somewhat since October 2007 (52%). By comparison, 53 percent in our April K–12 survey said they considered K –12 education quality to be a big problem. “I’m going to read you a list of issues people have mentioned when talking about California’s higher education system today. For each one, please tell me if you think … is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not much of a problem.” Overall Quality Overall Affordability Overall State Budget Situation Big problem 22% 60 % 74 % Somewhat of a problem 36 27 18 Not much of a problem 38 11 5 Don’t know 4 2 3 Democrats are more likely than Republicans and independents call the state budget situation a big problem for higher education. About eight in 10 blacks and whites hold this view, compared to about two in three Asians and Latinos. T he percentage calling the budget situation a big problem rises as education and hous ehold income rise. When it comes to overall affordability, m ajorities across parties, regions, and demographic groups say it is a big problem. Three- fourths of blacks say this, compared to six in 10 Latinos and whites, and just over half of Asians. On the overall quality of education, one- third or less across groups call it a big problem. Blacks are more likely than other racial/ethnic groups to agree; college graduates are less likely than others to consider quality a big problem . Percent saying big proble m Overall Quality Overall Affordability Overall State Budget Situation All Adults 22% 60 % 74 % Likely Voters 21 59 79 Parents of Children 18 or Younger 19 58 73 Race/Ethnicity Asians 13 54 67 Blacks 33 75 82 Latinos 23 61 68 Whites 20 59 78 Household Income Under $40,000 24 62 69 $40,000 to under $80,000 21 65 75 $80,000 or more 18 53 81 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 17 APPROVAL RATINGS OF STATE ELECTED OFFICIALS As Arnold Schwarzenegger enters his final weeks as governor, just one in four Californians (25%) express approval of his overall job per formance, similar to the low ratings he’s received all year; s ix in 10 (62%) disapprove . Since July 2009, fewer than one in three Californians have approved of his overall job performance. Although majorities across parties disapprove of the governor’s job performance, Democrats (72%) are much more likely than independents (61%) and Republicans (56%) to disapprove. Low ratings of the governor extend to his handling of the state’s public college and university system as well: just 19 percent approve and 63 percent disapprove. Findings were similar last November, but were less negative in November 2008 (27% approve, 47% disapprove) and October 2007 (34% approve, 39% disapprove). While 79 percent of Democrats and 58 percent of in dependents disapprove, fewer than half of Republicans agree (30% approve, 46% disapprove). Across racial/ethnic groups, blacks (84%) are far more likely than Latinos (69%), Asians (61%), and whites (57%) to disapprove. “O verall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling …?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind His job as governor of California Approve 25% 20 % 30 % 28 % 27 % Disapprove 62 72 56 61 63 Don't know 13 8 14 11 10 California’s public college and university system Approve 19 12 30 24 21 Disapprove 63 79 46 58 63 Don't know 18 9 24 18 16 Californians give very low job approval ratings to the state legislature (14%), matching the r ecord low from March . Approval among likely voters al so matches the record- low 9 percent from that time. About eight in 10 Republicans (81%) and Democrats (78%) disapprove of the legislature; 69 percent of independents agree. Across racial/ethnic groups, whites (80%) and blacks (79%) are the most likely to disapprove, followed by Latinos (61%) and Asians (55%). Disapproval rises with age, education, and income. Just 15 percent of Californians approve of the legislature’s handling of the state’s public college and university system. Approval is similar to last year, but disapproval is up 5 points. Ratings were less negative in November 2008 (23% approve, 50% disapprove) and October 2007 (29% approve, 47% disapprove). Across parties, regions, and demographic groups, fewer than one in four approve of the legislat ure’s handling of the higher education system. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling …?” All Adults Party Likely Voters Dem Rep Ind Its job Approve 14% 13 % 8 % 15 % 9 % Disapprove 72 78 81 69 82 Don't know 14 9 11 16 9 California’s public col lege and university system Approve 15 12 13 15 11 Disapprove 71 79 70 68 77 Don't know 14 9 17 17 12 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 18 RATINGS OF THE THREE BRANCHES Despite budget cuts that have led to program reductions and fee hikes, strong majorities say each branch of California’s higher education system does a good or excellent job. Adults view each similarly: 62 percent say the Cal State system is doing at least a good job, and 64 percent also say this about the comm unity college and University of California systems. Results have been similar since October 2007. “Overall, is the … doing an excellent, good, not so good, or poor job?” California Community College system California State University system University of California system Excellent 13% 9 % 15 % Good 51 53 49 Not so good 23 21 19 Poor 7 5 6 Don’t know 6 12 11 Solid majorities across groups think the California community college system is doing at least a good job. About two in three across partie s give it positive ratings . Whites (67%) give the highest rating across racial/ethnic groups. Ratings are highest in the San Francisco Bay Area (68%) and lowest in the Inland Empire (59%). The view that this system is doing at least a good job rises with education and income. Majorities across groups also think the California State University system is doing at least a good job. Sixty -five percent of Democrats and similar percentages of independents (64%) and Republicans (63%) say this. Inland Empire resi dents (55%) are least likely and San Francisco Bay Area (66%) residents most likely to agree. Asians are most likely to hold this view, followed by whites, Latinos, and blacks. The percentage giving excellent or good ratings rises sharply with education and income. Over half across groups think the University of California system is doing a good or excellent job. Over six in 10 across parties agree . San Francisco Bay Area residents (71%) are the most likely and Central Valley (57%) residents the least like ly to say this. Asians (73%) are more likely than other racial/ethnic groups to rate this system highly. The percentage saying so rises sharply with education and income. Percent saying excellent/good California Community College system California State University system University of California system All Adults 64% 62 % 64 % Likely Voters 66 64 68 Parents of Children 18 or Younger 63 62 62 Race/Ethnicity Asians 62 69 73 Blacks 62 56 58 Latinos 59 60 60 Whites 67 64 67 Region Central Val ley 63 60 57 San Francisco Bay Area 68 66 71 Los Angeles 62 62 63 Orange/San Diego 66 65 69 Inland Empire 59 55 61 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 19 AFFORDABILITY AND ACCESSIBILITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION Although overwhelming majorities believe all qualified Californians should have access to the state’s higher education system , only 26 percent think that the vast majority of those qualified to go to college have the opportunity to do so. Seven in 10 think many people don’t have the opportunity. These findings are similar to views hel d by adults nationwide, according to a December 2009 Public Agenda poll (28% have opportunity, 69% don’t). The percentage saying that a majority have the opportunity has decreased somewhat since the question was first asked in October 2007 (32%). Across parties, there are stark differences: one in five Democrats (21%) and 27 percent of independents think the majority of those qualified have access , compared to four in 10 Republicans (40%) . Views differ somewhat across regions, with San Francisco Bay Area (33%) and Orange/San Diego County residents (30%) saying the opportunity exists for the majority of those qualified, compared to 25 percent in the Central Valley , 22 percent in Los Angeles , and 44 percent in the Inland Empire. While three in 10 Asians (31% ) and whites (30%) say the majority have the opportunity, fewer Latinos (18%) and blacks (16%) agree. Men (32%) are much more likely than women (21%) to hold this view. The percentage saying the majority of those qualified have the opportunity to attend college increases as age, education, and income increase. “Do you think that currently, the vast majority of people who are qualified to go to college have the opportunity to do so, or do you thin k there are many people who are qualified to go but don’t have the opportunity to do so?” All Adults Household Income Parents of Children 18 or Younger Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Majority have the opportunity 26% 17 % 23 % 37 % 25 % Many people don’t have the opportunity 71 81 75 60 72 Don’t know 3 2 2 3 3 An overwhelming majority of Californians think the price of a college education keeps students who are qualified and motivated to go to college from doing so. As the economic crisis has worsened, t he percentage saying this has increased somewhat ( 66% 2007 , 69% 2009, 73% today). Parents of children 18 or younger (74%) hold nearly identical views to all adults; those with children currently attending a California college (72%), and those who are currently attending one (75%) also hold similar views. Strong majorities across political, regional, and demographic groups think the price of a college education keeps students from attending. Democrats (79%) and independents (75%) hold similar views; Republicans (64%) are much les s likely to think the price of college deters students from attending. Blacks (84%) are the most likely racial/ethnic group to say this, compared to 76 percent of Latinos and Asians and 71 percent of whites. College graduates are less likely than others to agree that expense bars some from going to college , and upper-income earners are much less likely than others to agree. “The price of a college education keeps students who are qualified and motivated to go to college from doing so. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Agree 73% 76 % 84 % 76 % 71% 74 % Disagree 25 23 14 23 27 24 Don’t know 2 1 2 1 2 2 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 20 AFFORDABILITY AND ACCESSIBILITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION (CONTINUED) Despite these perceived barriers, a majority of Californians (55%) think that almost anyone who needs financial help to go to college can get loans or financial aid; 40 percent disagree. Findings were fairly similar last November (5 1% agree, 43% disagree). In the December 2009 Public Agenda survey, 62 percent of adults nationwide said almost anyone who needs it can get financial help. In California, findings are similar across parties , with just over half agreeing that financial aid is available to those who need it (55% Republicans, 52% independents, 51% Democrats). Majorities across regions hold this view. Across racial/ethnic groups, Latinos (64%) are the most likely to say students can get financial help through loans and aid, fol lowed by Asians (58%) and whites (50%); a majority of blacks (55%) disagree. Agreement declines as education levels rise . Those with annual household incomes under $40,000 (62%) believe financial aid is available to those who need it, compared to about hal f of those with incomes of $40,000 or more. Nearly two in three (64%) currently attending a California public college or university believe financial help is available to those who need it. Among those who agree that the price of college keeps many student s out, 51 percent also agree that anyone can get loans or financial aid. Among those who disagree that the price of college keeps many students out, 67 percent think financial help is available to almost anyone who needs it. “Almost anyone who needs financial help to go to college can get loans or financial aid. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? ” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Agree 55% 58 % 43 % 64 % 50% 53 % Disagree 40 34 55 33 43 41 Don’t know 5 8 2 3 7 6 Three in four Californians (74%) believe students must borrow too much money to pay for a college education. Findings were nearly identical in October 2007 (74%), November 2008 (73%), and November 2009 (76%). In Publ ic Agenda’s survey, adults nationwide (83%) were even more likely than Californians to agree with this statement. In California, more than two in three across parties, regions, and nearly all demographic groups agree students have to borrow too much to pay for college. Democrats (81%) are more likely than indepe ndents (74%) and Republicans (72%) to hold this view. Across racial/ethnic groups, nine in 10 blacks (89%) say students must borrow too much, followed by three in four whites (77%) and Asians (76%), and two in three Latinos (65%). Eighty percent of those currently attending one of California’s higher education institutions think students have to borrow too much. Among those who say financial aid is available to anyone who needs it, 66 percent believe students must borrow too much and among those who say the price of college is a barrier for some, 83 percent also say students have to borrow too much. “Students have to borrow too much money to pay for their college education . Do you agree or disagree wit h this statement?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Agree 74% 76 % 89 % 65 % 77% 69 % Disagree 23 18 10 34 19 29 Don’t know 3 6 1 1 4 2 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 21 IMPORTANCE OF STUDENT DIVERSITY About three in four Californians think it is very (54%) or somewhat (23%) important for public colleges and universities to have a racially diverse student body. Results have been almost identical each time we have asked this question (55% very, 23% somewhat 2008; 54% v ery, 23% somewhat 2009). Today, as in the past, blacks (82%) and Latinos (64%) are much more likely than Asians (53%) and whites (44%) to say racial diversity is very important. Democrats (67%) are much more likely than independents (5 5%) and more than twi ce as likely as Republicans (31%) to say diversity is very important. San Francisco Bay Area residents (62%) are the most likely—and Orange/San Diego County residents (41%) the least likely —to say racial diversity is very important. The perception that rac ial diversity is very important declines somewhat as income rises, while it is similar across age groups. Among those currently attending a California public college or university, 58 percent consider racial diversity very important. “How important do you think it is for public colleges and universities to have a racially diverse student body —that is, a mix of blacks, whites, Asians, Hispanics and other minorities?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Household Income Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Very important 54% 53 % 82 % 64 % 44 % 59 % 53 % 50 % Somewhat important 23 22 13 17 28 19 24 24 Not too important 11 17 4 10 11 9 12 11 Not at all important 11 7 1 9 14 11 8 14 Don't know 1 1 – – 3 2 3 1 More than eight in 10 Californians also view economic diversity for public colleges and universities as very (57%) or somewhat (26%) important. Results were nearly identical in 2008 (57% very, 25% somewhat) and 2009 (54% very, 26 % somewhat). Today, bla cks (77%) and Latinos (66%) are far more likely than whites (50%) and Asians (44%) to say economic diversity is very important. The perception that economic diversity is very important declines as income rises. Partisan differences are also present —Democr ats (65%) and independents (57%) are far more likely than Republicans (36%) to view economic diversity as very important. Among those currently attending a California public college or university, 63 percent consider economic diversity very important. “Ho w important do you think it is for public colleges and universities to have an economically diverse student body —that is, a mix of students from lower -, middle- , and upper -income backgrounds?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Household Income Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Very important 57% 44 % 7 7% 66 % 50 % 63 % 56 % 50 % Somewhat important 26 36 17 22 30 24 28 29 Not too important 9 10 5 6 10 8 9 9 N ot at all important 8 8 1 5 9 5 5 11 Don't know – 2 – 1 1 – 2 1 PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 22 ROLE OF COMMUNITY COLLEGES When asked what they think is the most important goal for California’s community colleges, a plurality of Californians say it is to prepare students to transfer to four -year schools (41%) . Fewer say the goal should be providing career technical or vocational education (25%) or providing courses for lifelong learning or personal enrichment (15%). Fewer than one in 10 mention providing associate’s degrees (8%) or basic skills or remedial education (5%). Pluralities of Democrats and independents say preparing students to transfer is the most important goal, while Republicans are divided between transfer preparation (37%) and career technical education (34%). Pluralities across regions and demographic groups say four-year college transfer is the most important goal. Latinos (50%) are much more likely than blacks (39%), whites (38%), or Asians (36%) to hold this view. The percentage who view career technical education as most important rises as age, education, and income rise. Half of Californians (51%) who are currently attending a California college view transfer prep aration as the most important goal. “California’s community colleges have several important g oals. From among the following, which do you think is the most important goal?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Preparing students to transfer to four-year schools 41 % 36 % 39 % 50 % 38% 42 % Providing career technical or vocational education 25 29 13 19 29 27 Providing courses for lifelong learning/personal enrichment 15 18 22 18 13 15 Providing associate's degrees 8 3 13 5 9 7 Providing basic skills or remedial education 5 10 6 6 4 4 D on't know 6 4 7 2 7 5 Nearly all Californian s say that it is very (78%) or somewhat (18%) important that community colleges include classes that prepare student to transfer to four -year colleges and universities. A similar percentage also thought that this was important in 2007 (81% very, 15% somewh at). Today, about three in four or more across parties and regions , and more than seven in 10 across nearly all demographic groups , think that preparing students to transfer is very important. Blacks (86%) and Latinos (85%) are more likely than whites (76% ) and Asians (64%) to hold this view. “How important to you is it that community colleges include classes that prepare students to transfer to four-year colleges and universities?” All Adults Race/Ethnicity Parents of Children 18 or Younger Asians Blacks Latinos Whites Very important 78% 64 % 86 % 85 % 76% 80 % Somewhat important 18 26 13 12 20 17 Not too important 2 7 1 2 2 2 N ot at all important 1 1 – 1 1 1 D on't know 1 2 – – 1 – Nearly all Californians say it is very (73%) or somewhat (23%) important that community colleges include career technical or vocational education. At least seven in 10 across parties and regions say career technical or vocational education is very important. Blacks (81%), Latinos (75%), whites (73%) , and Asian s (68%) all say it is very important . Across demographic groups, more than seven in 10 agree. PPIC Statewide S urvey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 23 PARENTAL EXPECTATIONS AND CONCERNS Nearly all California parents of children 18 or younger say they hope their youngest child achieves a college (42%) or post -gra duate degree (46%). Five percent hope their child achieves some college or career technical training and 5 percent hope they get a high school education. Findings have been similar since the question was first asked in April 2005. Strong majorities of both white and Latino parents hope their child goes to college, but white parents are much more likely than Latino parents (54% to 30%) to want their child to get a graduate degree after college. (Sample sizes for Asian and black parents are too small for separate analysis. ) Findings among Latino parents are nearly identical to April 2005, while the percentage of white parents hoping their children achieve post -graduate degrees has risen 9 points. The percentage who would like their child to achieve a post -grad uate degree rises sharply with higher income and education levels. “What do you hope will be the highest grade level that your youngest child will achieve?” Parents of Children 18 or Younger Parents Race/Ethnicity Household Income Latinos Whites Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more High school graduate 5% 9 % 3 % 6 % 3 % 5 % Some college or career technical training 5 7 5 7 6 2 C ollege graduate 42 52 37 51 45 32 Graduate degree after college 46 30 54 35 43 61 Don't know 2 2 1 1 3 – The share of parents who are very worried about affording college for their children has grown steadily since October 2007 (43% October 2007, 46% November 2008, 50% November 2009, 57% today). Latino parents (72%, up 19 points since 2007) are far more likely than white parents (46%, up 11 points ) to be very worried about this. T hose with household incomes under $40,000 (76%) or $40,000 to under $80,000 (61%) are far more likely than those with incomes of $80,000 or more (38%) to be very worried. Si x in 10 parents also think they are already behind in saving for their child’s college education, up 7 points since October 2007 (from 55% to 62% today). Just 8 percent feel they are ahead, similar to 2007, while 26 percent believe they are about where the y should be, down 7 points since 2007. A majority of both white and Latino parents feel they are behind, although Latinos are more likely to say this (69% to 56%). The percentage who say they are behind drops sharply as household income rises . “How do you feel about the progress, if any, that you have made so far in saving to help pay for your child’s co llege education—do you feel you are ahead, behind, or just about where you should be at this point?” Parents of Children 18 or Younger Parents Race/Ethnici ty Household Income Latinos Whites Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Ahead 8% 6 % 10 % 3 % 3 % 16 % Behind 62 69 56 76 64 49 Just about where you should be 26 23 31 16 27 35 Haven’t started yet (volunteered)/Don’t know 4 2 3 5 6 – Among all Californians, a resounding 85 percent say they worry that the current financial crisis will make it more difficult for their children or grandchildren to go to college. More than three in four across all parties, regions, and demogra phic groups foresee adverse affects on future generations due to the current crisis. November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 24 REGIONAL MAP November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 25 METHODOLOGY The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, president and CEO and survey director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with assistance from Sonja Petek, project manager for this survey, and survey research associates Dean Bonner and Nicole Willcoxon. This survey was conducted with funding from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation as part of a three -year grant on K –12 and higher education, environment, and population issues. We benefited from discussions with Hewlett program staff and others; however, the survey methods, questions, and content of the report were determined solely by Mark Baldassare and the survey staff. Findings in this report are based on a telephone survey of 2,502 California adult residents, including 2,251 interviewed on landline telephones and 251 interviewed on cell phones. Interviews took place on weekday nights and weekend days from October 19 to November 2, 2010 and took an average of 19 minutes to complete. Landli ne interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted numbers were called. All landline telephone exchanges in California were eligible for selection and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as six times to increase the likelihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Cell phone interviews were included in this survey to account for the growing number of Californians who use them. These interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of cell phone numbers. All cell phone numbers with California area codes were eligible for selection and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as eight times to increase the likelihood of reaching an eligible respondent. Once a cell phone user was reached, it was verified that this person wa s age 18 or older, a resident of California, and in a safe place to continue the survey (e.g., not driving). Cell phone respondents were offered a small reimbursement to help defray the potential cost of the call. Cell phone interviews were conducted with adults who have cell phone service only and with those who have both cell phone and landline service in the household. Landline and cell phone interviewing was conducted in English, Spanish, Chinese (Mandarin or Cantonese), Vietnamese, and Korean, according to respondents’ preferences. We chose these languages because Spanish is the dominant language among non -English speaking adults in California, followed in prevalence by the three Asian languages. Accent on Languages, Inc. translated the survey into Sp anish, with assistance from Renatta DeFever. Abt SRBI Inc. translated the survey into Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean, and conducted all interviewing. With assistance from Abt SRBI, we used recent U.S. Census and state figures to compare the demo- graphic characteristics of the survey sample with characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the census and state figures. Abt SRBI used data from the 2008 National Health Interview Survey and data from the 2005 –2007 American Community Survey for California, both to estimate landline and cell phone service in California and to compare it against landline and cell phone service reported in the survey. The survey data in this report were statistically weighted to ac count for any differences in demographics and telephone service. The sampling error, taking design effects from weighting into consideration, is ±2.5 percent at the 95 percent confidence level for the total sample of 2,50 2 adults. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 2.5 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 26 were interviewed. The sampling error for subgroups is larger: For the 2,080 registered voters, it is ± 2.9 percent; for the 1,551 likely voters, it is ±3.2 percent; for the 947 parents of children 18 or younger it is ±4.1 percent. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing . Throughout the report, we refer to five geographic regions that account for approximately 90 percent of the state population. “Central Valley” includes Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “San Francisco Bay Area ” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, “Inl and Empire” refers to Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, and “Orange/San Diego” refers to Orange and San Diego Counties. Residents from other geographic areas are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, likely voters, and parents, but sample sizes for these less populated areas are not large enough to report separately in tables and text. We present specific results for respondents in four self -identified racial/ethnic groups: Asian, black, Latino, and non -Hispanic white. We also compare the opinions of registered Democrats, Republicans, and independents (i.e., those registered as “decline to state”). We also analyze the responses of likely voters —those who are the most likely to participate in the state’s elections. We compa re current PPIC Statewide Survey results to those in earlier PPIC Statewide Surveys and to results from surveys conducted by Phi Delta Kappa/Gallup and Public Agenda . November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 27 QUESTIONNAIRE AND RESULTS CALIFORNIANS AND HIGHER EDUCATION October 19– November 2 , 2010 2,502 California Adult Residents: English, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese MARGIN OF ERROR ±2.5% AT 95% CONFIDENCE LEVEL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE 1. First, overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling his job as governor of California? 25% approve 62 disapprove 13 don’t know 2. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way t hat Governor S chwarzenegger is handling California’s public college and university system? 19% approve 63 disapprove 18 don’t know 3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? 14% approve 72 disapprove 14 don’t know 4. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling California’s public college and university system? 15% approve 71 disapprove 14 don’t know 5. Next, what do you think is the most impo rtant is sue facing California’s public colleges and universities today? [code, don’t read ] 37% student costs, affordability, tuition, fees 20 not enough government funding, state budget cuts 4 administrative costs, salaries, waste 4 financial aid 4 immigrant s 3 access to education, reduced admissions 3 class size, overcrowding, student -teacher ratio 3 reduced course offerings, courses full 2 teacher /professor shortage 2 quality of education overall 10 other 8 don’t know I’m going to read you a list of issues people have mentioned when talking about California’s higher education system today. For each one, please tell me if you think it is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not much of a problem. First… PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 28 [rotate questions 6 to 8] 6. How about the overall quality of education in California’s public co lleges and universities today? 22% big problem 36 somewhat of a problem 38 not much of a problem 4 don’t know 7. How about the overall affordability of education for students in California’s public c olleges and universities today? 60% big problem 27 somewhat of a problem 11 not much of a problem 2 don’t know 8. How about the overall state budget situation for California’s public colleges and universities today? 74% big problem 18 somewhat of a problem 5 not much of a problem 3 don’t know 9. Next, do you think the current level of state funding for California’s public colleges and universities is more than enough, just enough, or not enough? 6% more than enough 15 just enough 74 not enough 5 don’t know As you may know, California’s higher education system has three branches —the California Community College system, the California State Univer sity system, and the University of California system. [rotate questions 10 to 12] 10. Overall, is the California Community College system doing an excellent, good, not so good, or poor job? 13% excellent 51 good 23 not so good 7 poor 6 don’t know 11. Overall, is the California State University system doing an excellent, good, not so good, or poor job? 9% excellent 53 good 21 not so good 5 poor 12 don’t know 12. Overall, is the University of California system doing an excellent, good, not so good, or poor job? 15% excellent 49 good 19 not so good 6 poor 11 don’t know In general, do you agree or disagree with the following s tatements? First… [rotate questions 13 and 14] 13. Additional state funding would lead to major improvements in California’s higher education system. 74% agree 23 disagree 3 don’t know Next, 14. Better use of existing state funds would lead to major improvements in California’s higher education system. 84% agree 13 disagree 3 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 29 15. To significantly improve California’s higher education system, which of the following statements do you agree with the most ? [rotate 1 and 2] (1) We need to use existing state funds more wisely, [or] (2) We need to increase the amount of state funding, [or ] (3) We need to use existing state funds more wisely and increase the amount of state funding. 34% use funds more wisely 11 increase state funding 54 use funds more wisely and increase funding 1 don’t know 16. Which comes closer to your view? [rotate] (1 ) If the state governmen t makes budget cuts in higher education, the quality of education will suffer, [ or ] ( 2 ) T he state government could make budget cuts in higher education and still maintain a high quality of education. 66% if state makes cuts, quality will suffer 29 state could make cuts and maintain quality 5 don’t know As you may know, in an effort to close the gap between state spending and revenues over the past few years, the g overnor and legislature have made cuts in all major budget areas , including higher education. There are a number of ways California’s public colleges and universities have dealt with decreased funding. Please tell me if you are very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not at all concerned about each of the following : [rotate questions 17 to 20] 17. How about increasing tuition and fees for college students to deal with decreased state funding? 65% very concerned 26 somewhat concerned 4 not too concerned 4 not at all concerned 1 don’t know 18. How about admitting fewer college students to deal with decreased state funding? 62% very concerned 25 somewhat concerned 7 not too concerned 5 not at all concerned 1 don’t know 19. How about offering fewer college classes to deal with decreased state funding? 59% very concerned 28 somewhat concerned 7 not too concerned 4 not at all concerned 2 don’t know 20. How about reducing the pay and hours for college faculty and staff to deal with decreased state funding? 46% very concerned 34 somewhat concerned 9 not too concerned 9 not at all concerned 2 don’t know 21. Next, how important is a college education today? 86% very important 11 fairly important 3 not too important [rotate questions 22 to 24] 22. Do you think that a college education is necessar y for a person to be successful in today’s work world, or do you think that there are many ways to succeed in today’s work world without a college education? 63% college is necessary 35 many ways to succeed without a college education 2 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 30 23. Do you think that all Californians who are qualified to attend college should have the opportunity to enroll in one of the state’s public colleges or universities, or should college student admissions be restricted because of the cost to the st ate? 85% all qualified Californians should have the opportunity 12 college student admissions should be restricted 3 don’t know 24. Do you think that currently, the vast majority of people who are qualified to go to college have the opportunity to do so, or do you think there are many people who are qualified to go but don’t have the opportunity to do so? 26% majority have the opportunity 71 many people don’t have the opportunity 3 don’t know Next, please say if you agree or disagree with the following statements. [rotate questions 25 to 27] 25. The price of a college education keeps students who are qualified and motivated to go to college from doing so. 73% agree 25 disagree 2 don’t know 26. Almost anyone who needs financial help to go to colleg e can get loans or financial aid. 55% agree 40 disagree 5 don’t know 27. Students have to borrow too much money to pay for their college education. 74% agree 23 disagree 3 don’t know Next, [rotate questions 28 and 29] 28. How important do you think it is for public colleges and universities to have a racially diverse student body —that is, a mix of blacks, whites, Asians, Hispanics and other minorities? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 54% very important 23 somewhat important 11 not too important 11 not at all important 1 don’t know 29. How important do you think it is for public colleges and universities to have an economically diverse student body —that is, a mix of students from lower, middle, and upper -income backgrounds? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 57% very important 26 somewhat important 9 not too important 8 not at all important 30. On another topic, C alifornia’s community colleges have several important goals. From among the following, which do you think is the most important goal? [read list, rotate responses] 41% pr eparing students to transfer to four -year colleges and universities 25 providing career technical or vocational education 15 providing courses for lifelong learning and personal enrichment 8 providing associate’s degrees 5 providing basic skills or remedial education 6 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 31 [rotate questions 31 and 32] 31. How important to you is it that community colleges include career technical or vocational education? 73% very important 23 somewhat important 2 not too important 1 not at all important 1 don’t know 32. How important to you is it that community colleges include classes that prepare students to transfer to four -year colleges and universities? 78% very important 18 somewhat important 2 not too important 1 not at all important 1 don’t know On another topic, I am going to read you several ways that the federal and state governments can make California’s higher education system more affordable to students. For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal. [rotate questions 33 to 35] 33. How about increasing government funding available for wo rk-study opportunities for students to earn money while in college? 88% favor 11 oppose 1 don’t know 34. How about increasing government funding available for schol arships or grants for students? 84% favor 14 oppose 2 don’t know 35. How about having a sliding scale for tuition and fee costs, so that students pay according to their income status? 72% favor 25 oppose 3 don’t know 36. Given the state’s current budget situation, on a scale of 1 to 5— with 1 being a very low priority and 5 being a very high priority— what priority should be given to spending for California’s public colleges and universities? 3% very low priority 4 low priority 23 medium priority 32 high priority 36 very high priority 2 don’t know 37. How concerned are you that the state’s budget situation will cause significant spending cuts in higher education? 62% very concerned 30 somewhat concerned 5 not too concerned 3 not at all concerned 38. Do you favor or oppose the state government spending more money on public colleges and universities, even if it means less money for other state programs? 57% favor 34 oppose 9 don’t know Next, what if the state said it needed more money just to maintain current funding for public colleges and universities. [rotate questions 39 and 40] 39. Would you be willing to pay higher taxes for this purpose, or not? 49% yes 49 no 2 don’t know 40. Would you be willing to increase student fees for this purpose, or not? 35% yes 62 no 3 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 32 41. Would you be willing to admit more out-of - state students paying higher tuition f or this purpose, or not? ( if yes : Would you still support this even if it meant adm itting fewer in -state students?) 26% yes, even if it meant admitting fewer in-state students 31 yes, but not if it meant admitting fewer in -state students 38 no 5 don’t know 42. Next, in general, how important is Californ ia’s higher education system to the qualit y of life and economic vitality of the state over the next 20 years ? 77% very important 20 somewhat important 2 not too important 1 not at all important 43. In thinking ahead 20 years, if current trends continue, do you think California will have [rotate 1 and 2] (1) more than enough, (2) not enough, [or] just enough college- educated residents needed for the jo bs and skills likely to be in demand? 11% more than enough 56 not enough 27 just enough 6 don’t know 44. How much confidence do you have in the state government’s ability to plan for the future of California’s higher education system? 7% a great deal 33 only some 38 very little 19 none 3 don’t know 45. Given all of the issues that wil l be facing the new California g overnor in 2011, how important is planning for the future of California’s higher education system? 76% very important 21 somewhat important 2 not too important 1 not at all important 46. Do you worry that the current financial crisis will make it more difficult for your children or grandchildren to af ford to go to college, or not? ( if necessary, say: If this question does not app ly to you, please just tell me.) 85% yes 12 no 3 does not apply 47. Next, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote in California ? 84% yes [ask q47a] 16 no [skip to q48b ] 47a. Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or as an independent? 45% Democrat [ask q48] 31 Republican [skip to q48a] 3 another party ( specify) [skip to q49] 21 independent [skip to q48b] 48. Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 57% strong 40 not very strong 3 don’t know [skip to q49] 48a.Would you call yourself a strong Republican or not a very strong Republican? 52% strong 42 not very strong 6 don’t know [skip to q49] PPIC Statewide Survey November 2010 Californians and Higher Education 33 48b.Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? 20% Republican Party 44 Democratic Party 29 neither (volunteered) 7 don’t know 49. Would you consider yourself to be politically: [read list, rotate order top to bottom] 14% very liberal 19 somewhat liberal 28 middle -of -the -road 22 somewhat conservative 14 very conservative 3 don’t know 50. Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics? 30% great deal 40 fair amount 24 only a little 6 none d 4d. [parents of children 18 or younger] What do you hope will be the highest grade level that your youngest child will achieve: some high school; high school graduate; some college or career technical training; college graduate; or a graduate degree after college? – % some high school 5 high school graduate 5 some college or career technical training 42 college graduate 46 a graduate degree after college 2 don’t know d 4e. [parents of children 18 or younger] How worried are you about being able to afford a colleg e education for your youngest child? Are you very worried, somewhat worried, not too worried, or not at all worried? 57% very worried 25 somewhat worried 9 not too worried 8 not at all worried 1 don’t know d 4f. [parents of children 18 or younger] How do you feel about the progress, if any, that you have made so far in saving to help pay for your child’s college education —do you feel you are ahead, behind, or just about where you should be at this point? 8% ahead 62 behind 26 just about where you should be 3 haven’t started yet /will not be saving (volunteered) 1 don’t know [d 1- d4c and d 4g-d 16: demographic questions] PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ruben Barrales President and Chief Executive Officer San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Angela Blackwell Founder and Chief Executive Officer PolicyLink Paul Brest President The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Mollyann Brodie Senior Vice President Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Executive Director University of California Washington Center James E. Canales President The James Irvine Foundation Jon Cohen Director of Polling The Washington Post Matthew K. Fong Special Counsel Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton, LLP Russell Hancock President and Chief Executive Officer Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network William Hauck President California Business Roundtable Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Senior Scholar School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Carol S. Larson President and Chief Executive Officer The David and Luc ile Packard Foundation Monica Lozano Publisher and Chief Executive Officer Donna Lucas La Opinión Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Dan Rosenheim News Director KPIX -TV Robert K. Ross, M.D. President and Chief Executive Officer The California Endowment Most Reverend Jaime Soto Bishop of Sacramento Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento Cathy Taylor Vice President and Editorial Commentary Director Raymond L. Watson Orange County Register Vice Chairman of the Board Emeritus The Irvine Company Carol Whiteside President Emeritus Great Valley Center The PPIC Statewide Survey Advisory Committee is a diverse group of experts who provide advice on survey issues. However, survey methods, questions, content, and timing are determined solely by PPIC. PPIC BOARD OF DIRECTORS Walter B. Hewlett, Chair Director Center for Computer Assisted Research in the Humanities Mark Baldassare President and Chief Executive Officer Public Policy Institute of C alifornia Ruben Barrales President and Chief Executive Officer San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Maria Blanco Executive Director Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Race, Ethnicity and Diversity University of California, Berkeley School of Law John E. Bryson Retired Chairman and CEO Edison International Gary K. Hart Former State Senator and Secretary of Education State of California Robert M. Hertzberg Partner Mayer Brown, LLP Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs David Mas Masumoto Author and farmer Steven A. Merksamer Senior Partner Nielsen, Merksamer, Parrinello, Mueller & Naylor, LLP Constance L. Rice Co-Director The Advancement Project Thomas C. Sutton Retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Pacific Life Insurance C ompany The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research on major economic, social, and political issues. The institute’s goal is to raise public awareness and to give elected representatives and other decisionmakers a more informed basis for developing policies and programs. The institute’s research focuses on the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public pol icy concerns, including economic development, education, environment and resources, governance, population, public finance, and social and health policy. PPIC is a private operating foundation. It does not take or support positions on any ballot measures or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. PPIC was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. Mark Baldassare is President and Chief Executive Officer of PPIC. Walter B. Hewlett is Chair of the Board of Directors. Short sections of text, not to exceed three paragraphs, may be quoted without written permission provided that full attribution is given to the source and the copyright notice below is included. Copyright © 2010 Public Policy Institute of California All rights reserved. San Francisco, CA PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, California 94111 phone: 415.291.4400 fax: 415.291.4401 PPIC SACRAMENTO CENT ER Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, California 95814 phone: 916.440.1120 fax: 916.440.1121 www.ppic.org survey@ppic.org" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:40:48" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(9) "s_1110mbs" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:40:48" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:40:48" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["guid"]=> string(51) "http://148.62.4.17/wp-content/uploads/S_1110MBS.pdf" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_mime_type"]=> string(15) "application/pdf" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" ["status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["attachment_authors"]=> bool(false) }