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PPIC is a public charity. It does not take or support positions on any ballot measures or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. Short sections of text, not to exceed three paragraphs, may be quoted without written permission provided that full attribution is given to the source. Research publications reflect the views of the authors and do not necess arily reflect the views of our funders or of the staff, officers, advisory councils, or board of directors of the Public Policy Institute of California. PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 3 CONTACT Linda Strean 415 -291 -4412 Serina Correa 415 -291 -4417 News Release EMBARGOED: Do not publish or broadcast until 9:00 p.m. PST on Thursday , February 9 , 2017 . Para ver este comunicado de prensa en español, por favor visite nuestra página de internet: www.ppic.org/main/pressreleaseindex.asp PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY: CALIFORNIANS AND THE IR GOVERNMENT A Third of Californians Approve of Trump’s Job Performance VIEWS ON IMMIGRATION, HEAL TH CARE, CLIMATE CHANGE, AB ORTION AT ODDS WITH PRESIDE NT SAN FRANCISCO, February 9, 2017 —Just a third of Californians approve of the way President Trump is doing his job, according to a statewide survey released today by the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC), with funding from the James Irvine Foundation. In the survey , taken January 22 –31, the president’s job approval rating is 30 percent among California adults and 34 percent among likely voters. Majorities in both groups disapprove (58% all adults, 55% likely voters). There’ s a strong partisan divide among Californians on this question: 72 percent of Republicans and 10 percent of Democrats approve of the president’s job performance. Approval is low across regions of the state. There are differences across racial/ethnic groups , with whites (39%) and Asian Americans (37%) twice as likely as Latinos (17%) and African Americans (15%) to approve. Californians overall are less likely to approve of President Trump than are adults nationwide (45% approve) , according to a Gallup tracki ng poll from January 23–29. Trump’s favorability rating is 33 percent among adults and 37 percent among likely voters . Most have an unfavorable opinion (60% adults, 59% likely voters), and about half in each group have a strongly unfavorable one . Slightly less than a third of Californians have confidence (15% great deal, 13% good amount) that the president will make the right decisions for the country’s future (26% just some confidence, 45% none at all). “The California public’s early reviews of President Trump are generally negative,” said Mark Baldassare, PPIC president and CEO. “Yet they also demonstrate that the state’s voters have deep partisan divisions that are very much in line with national politics.” Most Support State, Local Action on Immigration As California leaders consider their responses to Trump’s early action on immigration, the survey asked whether state and local governments should make their own policies and take actions —separate from the federal government —to protect the legal rights of undocumented immigrants in California. A solid majority of adults (65%) and 58 percent of likely voters favor state and local action. Opinion differs widely across political parties: 80 percent of Democrats favor state and local government action, while 69 percent of Republicans oppose it. Majorities across regions and racial/ethnic groups are in favor. Consistent with PPIC surveys over the past year, an overwhelming majority of Californians (85%) say there should be a way for undocumented immigrants to stay in the US legally if certain requirements are met. Strong majorities across parties hold this view (93% Democrats, 84% independents, 65% Republicans ). Of those who say they voted for Trump, 61 percent say undocumented immigrants should be allowed to stay and 34 percent say they should not. PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 4 When Californians are asked to name the one issue facing the state that is most important for the governor and legislature to work on, immigration is tied with jobs and the economy as the top issue (14% adults, 13% l ikely voters). Last January, Californians said water and drought (17% adults, 18% likely voters) and jobs and the economy (16% adults, 19% likely voters) were most important. A Slight Majority Oppose ACA Repeal In the wake of Trump’s pledge to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the survey asked Californians for their opinions of the 2010 health care law. H alf (51% adults, 53% likely voters) view the law favorably (39% adults, 40% likely voters view it unfavorably). Californians are somewhat more likely to have favorable opinions of the law than were adults nationwide in a December Kaiser Family Foundation survey (43% favorable, 46% unfavorable). There are stark partisan differences: 77 percent of Democrats view the law favorably and 74 percent of Republicans view it unfavorably . Independents are more evenly divided but are more likely to view the law favorably (50%) than unfavorably (40%). A slight majority of Californians (53%) oppose repealing the ACA. About a quarter (26% ) say Congress should wait to repeal it until details of a replacement plan are announced, while 16 percent favor an immediate repeal. Across political parties, most Democrats (78%) and independents (57%) oppose repealing the ACA , while Republicans (80%) ov erwhelmingly favor it. Strong Majority See Climate Change as Major Threat The Trump administration’s approach to federal climate change policy appears likely to diverge from California’s. A strong majority of Californians (65%) say global climate change is a major threat to the well - being of the US (20% minor threat, 12% not a threat). Adults nationwide were much less likely to see climate change as a major threat in a January Pew Research Center survey (52% major, 32% minor, 14% not a threat). In the PPIC survey, Democrats (82%) are far more likely than independents (62%) and Republicans (27%) to say climate change is a major threat. A solid majority of Californians (63%) say they favor the state government making its own policies—separate from the federal government —to address global warming. Partisans are split: 77 percent of Democrats, 64 percent of independents, and just 30 percent of Republicans favor the state making its own policies. Republican support has dropped 19 points since last July. Most across Parties Support Abortion Access As Congress considers Trump ’s Supreme Court nominee, abortion policy is an important issue in the debate . Most Californians (71%) say the government should not interfere with a woman’s access to abortion, while 27 percen t say the government should pass more laws to restrict the availability of abortion. Since PPIC first asked this question in 2000, solid majorities of Californians have said the government should not interfere with access. Today, this view is held across p arties (87% Democrats, 75% independents, 60% Republicans). Majorities of men and women and majorities across racial/ethnic, age, education, and income groups concur. Asked about the Roe v. Wade decision establishing a woman’s constitutional right to an abo rtion, 71 percent of Californians say they do not want to see the decision completely overturned. In PPIC surveys since 2005, at least 65 percent of Californians expressed this view. “Californians’ policy preferences are deeply at odds with the new federal direction on abortion access , climate change, health insurance, and undocumented immigrants,” Baldassare said. Most Approve of Supreme Court’s Job Performance Most adults (57%) approve of the way the Supreme Court is handling its job. Independents (61%) are the most likely to approve, followed by Democrats (54%) and Republicans (49%). Asked about the ideology of the court, 20 percent say it is too liberal, 24 percent say it is too conservative, and 47 percent say it is just PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 5 about r ight. Across parties, 4 8 percent o f Republicans say it i s too l iberal, wh ile 47 percent o f Democrats and 37 percent o f independents s ay it i s j ust a bout r ight. Approval R atings for C ongress Are Similar t o Trump’s Californians’ job approval ratings f or Congress are similar to their ratings fo r Trump. Just a third of adults (33%) and a quarter of likely voters (25%) approve of the way Congress is doing its j ob. Democrats (19%) are much less likely than in dependents (35%) and Republicans (39%) to approve. Although R epublicans control the e xecutive and legislative branches of the f ederal government, o nly about half of Californians (50% adults, 55% likely voters ) say the president and Congress will be able to work t ogether and accomplish a lot in the next year. An overwhelming majority of Republicans (85%) and a majority of independents (56% ) expect productive c ollaboration, compar ed to 3 4 percent of Democrats. Th e belief that the president and C ongress will be able to a ccomplish a lot is down sharply from January 20 09, when there was a Democratic president a nd Democratic -co ntrolled Congress . Then , 81 percent of Californians —including 66 percent of Republicans—h eld this view. Half of Californians (52%) think the nation w ill have good times financially in the next year. When they are asked about the direction of the nation, just 36 percent of adults and 37 percent of likely voters say the US is headed in the right direction. Governor Brown, California Legislature Get High Ratings When asked a bout state le aders, C alifornia a dults and likely voters each g ive Governor B rown 62 percent job a pproval r ating—a record high in PPIC St atewide Surveys. The l egislature’s a pproval ratings— 57 percent among all adults and 50 percent among likely voters —are the highest s ince 2001. A record- high 66 percent of adults and 64 percent of likely voters say the governo r and legislature will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year. About hal f of Californians (53% adults, 51% likely voters) s ay the state wi ll have good times financially in the year ahead. M ost (58% a dults, 5 8% likely voters) s ay things in California are generally going in the right direction. “Californians g ive much highe r approval ratings to the g overnor and legislature th an to the president and Congress today,” Baldassare said. “With starkly different views of the direction of the state and the nation, many Californians have hopes that the governor and legislature will be able to work together and keep the state on its current track.” Fewer Than H alf Support Brown’s Budget When Brown proposed his 2017 –18 budget, he estimated a $1.6 billion deficit for the state. Yet just 3 7 percent of C alifornians see th e budget situation a s a big problem—a r ecord l ow since P PIC first asked t he question in 2006. B rown’s plan includes mode st spending increases in K–14 and h igher e ducation, health an d human services, a nd prisons and co rrections. It also calls for slowing sp ending growth in K–14 education a nd other areas , and p utting $ 1.1 billion i n the sta te rainy day fund. Wh en read a sh ort description o f the p lan, j ust under h alf of California adults ( 47%) and 43 percent of likely voters favor i t. Brow n has proposed about $43 billion in addit ional spending over the next ten years to addre ss a multibillion- dollar shortfall in funding f or infrastructure improvements. Funding would come f rom a $ 65 fee on all vehicles, increased s tate gas and diesel taxes, and cap -and -trade funds. When t hey are re ad a short description of this proposal, 41 percent of adults and 43 percent of likely voters are in favor. For more survey findings on transportat ion, rea d “ Californians and T ransportation.” “The p ublic strongly believes t hat transportation spending s hould be a high priority for the state government,” Baldassare sa id. “Yet with most saying that we also have to spend w hat we have more wisely, state b onds are much more popular than f ees and taxe s for funding much -needed improvements.” PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 6 Federal Government Key Findings  Thirty percent of California adults and 34 percent of lik ely voters approve of President Trump’s job performance . One in three adults ( 33%) and one in four likely voters (25 %) approve of the US Congress . (page 7)  A third of California adults have a favorable opinion of Donald Trump . About three in ten have a great deal ( 15%) or a good amount (13%) of confidence in President Trump to make the right decisions for the country’ s future. (page 8)  Half of Californians think President Trump and the US Congress will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year. Thirty -si x percent of Californians s ay the country is headed in the right direction , and about half expect good economic times . (page 9 )  Most Californians support finding a way for undocumented immigrants to stay in the country legally; two in three favor California’s state and local governments making their own policies to protect the legal rights of undocumented immigrants in the state . (page 10 )  Fifty -one percent of California adults have a favorable opinion of the Affordable Care Act , with partisans sharply divided. About half say it should not be repealed. (page 11)  Climate change is viewed as a major threat by two in three Californians; a solid majority favor the state making its own policies to address climate change . (page 12)  Se ven in ten Californians think government should not interfere with a woman’s access to abortion . (page 13)  Most Californians approve of the Supreme Court; a plurality think the ideology of the current court is just about right . (page 14) 65 656782 53 0 20 40 60 80 100 All adults African Americans Asian Americans Latinos Whites Percent Support for California acting on its own to protect the rights of undocumented immigrants in the state 51 39 0 20 40 60 80 100 Jan 14 Jan 15Jan 16Jan 17 Percent all adults Generally favorable Generally unfavorable Opinion of Affordable Care Act 65 52 20 32 12 14 0 20 40 60 80 100 California United States* Percent Major threat Minor threat Not a threat Perception of global climate change *PewResearch Center, January 2017 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 7 Approval of Federal Elected Officials Donald Trump begins his term as p resident with the approval of 30 percent of Californians and a third of likely voters (34%); majorities in both groups disapprove. There are stark partisan differences: 10 percent of Democrats approve , compared to 72 percent of Republicans. Approval of President Trump is low across regions. Men are 10 points more likely than women to approve (35% to 25%). There are also differences across racial/ethnic groups, with whites (39%) and Asian Americans (37%) twice as likely as Latinos (17%) and African Americans (15%) to approve. Californians are less likely than adults nationwide to approve of President Trump according a Gallup tracking poll from January 23– 29 (45%). “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Donald Trump is handling his job as president?” Approve Disapprove Don’t know All adults 30% 58% 12% Likely voters 34 55 11 Party Democrats 10 82 8 Republicans 72 16 12 Independents 37 48 15 Region Central Valley 34 51 15 San Francisco Bay Area 28 60 13 Los Angeles 27 62 11 Orange/San Diego 30 60 10 Inland Empire 32 57 11 A third of Californians (33%) and a quarter of likely voters (25%) approve of the way the US Congress is handling its job. Approval among all adults was similar in recent months and last January. Democrats (19%) are much less likely than independents (35%) and Republicans (39%) to approve. Fewer than half across regions and age, education, and income groups approve. Asian Americans (40%) and Latinos (40%) are more likely than whites (27%) and African Americans (19%) to approve. A ccording to a January CBS News poll , fewer adults nationwide approve of Congress (24% approve, 71% disapprove) . “Overall, do you approve or d isapprove of the way that the U S Congress is handling its job?” Approve Disapprove Don’t know All adults 33% 58% 9% Likely voters 25 68 7 Party Democrats 19 73 8 Republicans 39 56 5 Independents 35 58 7 Region Central Valley 34 57 9 San Francisco Bay Area 35 55 10 Los Angeles 31 62 6 Orange/San Diego 38 58 4 Inland Empire 29 53 17 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 8 New President A third of California adults and 37 percent of likely voters have a favorable opinion of Donald Trump . Mo st have an unfavorable opinion, and about half of adults and likely voters hold a strongly unfavorable opinion. Last January, fewer Californians (22% adults, 27% likely voters) viewed him favorably. Notably, today only 9 percent of Democrats have a positive opinion, compared to 80 percent of Republicans. Fou r in ten or fewer across regions and age, education, and income groups hold favorable opinions. W hites (44%) are much more likely to have a positive vie w than Asian Americans (30%), Latinos (23%), and African Americans (10%). According to a January ABC News/Washington Post poll, adults nationwide are slightly more likely than Californians to have a favorable view (40%). “Overall, do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Donald Trump?” Favorable Unfavorable Don’t know All adults 33% 60% 7% Likely voters 37 59 4 Party Democrats 9 86 5 Republicans 80 15 4 Independents 35 55 9 Region Central Valley 40 53 6 San Francisco Bay Area 27 67 5 Los Angeles 26 62 12 Orange/San Diego 37 56 7 Inland Empire 36 61 2 About three in ten Californians have a great deal (15% ) or a good amount (13%) of confidence in President Trump to make the right decisions for the country’ s future; seven in ten have only some confidence (26%) or none at all (45%). Republicans are much more likely than Democrats to be confident. Fewer than four in ten across regions and age, education, and income groups are confident. Whites (42%) are much more likely than other racial/ethnic groups to be confident. According to the ABC News/Washington Post poll , adults nationwide are more likely to be confident (38%). “How much confidence do you have in President Trump to make the right decisions for the country’s future—a great deal of confidence, a good amount, just some, or none at all?” A great deal A good amount Just some None at all Don’t know All adults 15% 13% 26% 45% 2% Likely voters 19 15 19 45 1 Party Democrats 3 6 22 67 1 Republicans 47 31 14 8 1 Independents 18 14 31 36 2 Region Central Valley 22 17 23 36 2 San Francisco Bay Area 12 11 27 49 1 Los Angeles 13 9 28 47 2 Orange/San Diego 15 16 25 43 1 Inland Empire 17 13 19 49 2 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 9 State of the Nation Despite a Republican president and a Republican -controlled Congress, only about half of Californians (50% adults, 55% likely voters) think the president and Congress will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year. An overwhelming majority of Republicans (85%) and 56 percent of independents anticipate productive collaboration , compared with one in three Democrats (34%). Across regions, residents in the Central Valley (54%) are the most likely to express optimism and residents in Los Angeles (46%) are the least likely. Whites (58%) are the most likely to think the president and Congress will be able to accomplish a lot together in the next year (46% Asian Americans, 43% Latinos, 42% African Americans). Notably, this belief is down sharply from January 2009 when there wa s a Democratic president and Democratic- controlled Congress; at that time, 81 percent of Californians— including 66 percent of Republicans— held this view. “Do you think that President Trump and the US Congress will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year, or not? ” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Yes, will be able to work together 50% 34% 85% 56% 55% No, will not be able to work together 44 57 13 39 39 Don’t know 6 9 2 5 6 Thirty -six percent of Californians think things in the United States are headed in the right direction. In October 2016, just prior to the election , optimism was slightly higher (43%). Although the overall percentage has changed only slightly, there has be en a dramatic shift among partisans. Six in ten Republicans think things are going in the right direction (61%, up from 17%), while one in five Democrats are optimistic (20%, down from 57%). Four in ten independents say things are heading in the right dire ction (43%, up from 33%). Today, four in ten or fewer across regions and racial/ethnic groups think things are going in the right direction and men (42%) are more likely than women (31%) to be optimistic. “Do you think things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Right direction 36% 20% 61% 43% 37% Wrong direction 57 73 37 51 57 Don’t know 7 6 2 6 6 Half of Californians (52%) think that during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially ; 39 percent expect bad times . Results were similar in October 2016 (46% good time s, 39% bad times). Once again , the partisan outlook has changed greatly since October. Fewer than four in ten Democrats expect good times (38%, down from 58%), compared with more than eight in ten Republicans (83%, up from 27%). Whites (60%) are the most likely to be optimistic about good economic times, followed by Asian Americans (51%), Latinos (46%), and African Americans (38%). Optimism increases as incomes rise and is higher among men (59%) than women (46%). Optimism about the direction of the country and economic conditions are both far higher amon g those who approve of President Trump than who disapprove. PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 10 Immigration Policy As a candidate, President Trump promised a new federal approach to undocumented immigrants living in the United States, and he has taken action on immigration in the early days of his administration. In California, state and local governments are considering their responses to the new administration ’s policies, including the president’s executive order challenging “sanctuary cit ies.” A solid majority of adults (65%) and 58 percent of likely voters favor California’s state and local governments making their own policies and taking actions —separate from the federal government — to protect the rights of undocumented immigrants living in the state. Opinions differ widely across political parties: 80 percent of Democrats favor state and local government action, while 69 percent of Republicans oppose it. Majorities across regions are in favor, with residents of Los Angeles (73%) most likely to be in favor (68% San Francisco Bay Area, 65% Inland Empire, 59% Orange/San Diego, 58% Central Valley). Majorities across racial/ethnic groups are also in favor, with Latinos (82%), Asian Americans (67%), and African Americans (65%) more likely than whites (53%) to support this approach. Among those who express approval of President Trump, 27 percent favor state and local action to protect the rights of undocumented immigrants (69% oppose). “Do you favor or oppose the California state and local governments m aking their own policies and taking actions, separate from the federal government, to protect the legal rights of undocumented immigrants in California?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 65% 80% 27% 59% 58% Oppose 32 17 69 38 39 Don’t know 3 3 3 3 2 An overwhelming majority of Californians (85%) say there should be a way for undocumented immigrants to stay in the United States legally if certain requirements are met —only 13 percent say they should not be allowed to stay in this country legally. This is consistent with PPIC surveys over the past year. Strong majorities across parties say undocumented immigrants should be allowed to stay, including 93 percent of Democrats and 65 perce nt of Republicans. Ninety-four percent of Latinos agree, as do overwhelming majorities of African Americans (87%), whites (81%), and Asian Americans (79%). At least three in four across regions and age, education, and income groups say the same. Among thos e who say they voted for Donald Trump, 61 percent say undocumented immigrants should be allowed to stay, and 34 percent say they should not. “Which comes closer to your view about how to handle undocumented immigrants who are living in the US? There should be a way for them to stay in the country legally, if certain requirements are met , or they should not be allowed to stay in this country legally ?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Allowed to stay legally 85% 93% 65% 84% 83% Not allowed to stay legally 13 6 33 13 15 Don’t know 2 1 3 3 2 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 11 Health Care Policy On the day of his inauguration , President Trump signed an executive order aimed at weakening the Affordable Care Act (ACA) pending its potential repeal. About half of Californians (51%) have a generally favorable opinion of the 2010 health reform law, while 39% percent have a generally unfavorable opinion. Opinions about the law were similar in December 2015 (51% favorable, 42% unfavorable ), thoug h fewer than half viewed the law favorably in PPIC Statewide Surveys from December 2013 to December 2014. Californians are somewhat more likely to have a favorable view of the health reform law than adults nationwide (43% favorable, 46% unfavorable), according to a December Kaiser Family Foundation survey. There are stark partisan differences on this issue : three in four Democrats (77%) have a favorable opinion of the 2010 health reform law , while three in four Republicans (74%) view it unfavorably. Indepen dents are more divided, though they are more likely to view the law favorably (50%) than unfavorably (40%). About half of Californians with health insurance (52%) and without health insurance (48%) have a favorable opinion of the law. Majorities across racial/ethnic groups, with the exception of whites (44%), have a generally favorable opinion of the law. “As you may know, a health reform bill was signed into law in 2010. Given what you know about the health reform law, do you have a generally favorable o r generally unfavorable opinion of it?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favorable 51% 77% 17% 50% 53% Unfavorable 39 17 74 40 40 Don’t know 9 7 9 11 7 A slight majority of Californians (53% adults, 54% likely voters) oppose repealing the ACA. A quarter of Californians say Congress should wait to repeal until details of a replacement plan are announced , while 16 percent favor immediate repeal of the law. Adults nationwide are slightly more likely than Californians to favor repeal ing the law (49% to 42%), according to the Kaiser Family Foundation survey. Majorities of Democrats (78%) and independents (57%) oppose repealing the ACA, but an overwhelming majority of Republicans (80%) favor a repeal. However, half of Republicans (51%) think a repeal should occur after a replacement is announced only 29 percent favor an immediate repeal. Across regions, majorities in the San Francisco Bay Area (59%), Orange/San Diego (59%) , and Los Angeles (56%) say Congress should not repeal the law. Slight majorities in the Central Valley (51%) and Inland Empire (52%) support a repeal. Among those who approve of President Trump, 30 percent favor an immediate repeal , and 43 percent favor a repeal once a replace ment is announced. “Do you think Congress should vote to repeal the 2010 health care law, or should they not vote to repeal it? (If yes : should lawmakers vote to repeal the law immediately and work out the details of a replacement plan later or should lawmakers wait to vote to repeal the law until the details of a replacement plan have been announced? )” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Yes, repeal and work out details of replacement plan later 16% 8% 29% 15% 16% Yes, repeal but wait until details of a replacement plan are announced 26 12 51 25 27 No, should not vote to repeal 53 78 17 57 54 Don’t know 4 2 3 3 3 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 12 Climate Change With the Trump a dministration expected to set a new direction for federal climate change policy, California and the federal government are likely to diverge further on this issue over the next several years. Today, a strong majority of Californians (65%) say global climate change is a major threat to the well- being of the United States (20% minor threat, 12% not a threat). Adults nationwide in a January Pew Research Center survey were much less likely to say that global climate change is a major threat (52% major, 32% minor, 14% not a threat). In our survey, Democrats (82%) are far more likely than independents (62%) or Republicans (27%) to say climate change is a major threat, with about three in ten Republicans (31%) saying it is not a threat. M ajorities across regions a s well as racial/ethnic and age groups say climate change is a major threat . Across regions, San Francisco Bay Area (73%) and Los Angeles (70%) residents are the most likely to say so. Whites (57%) are les s likely to hold this view than other racial/ethnic groups (65% African Americans, 74% Asian Americans, 74% Latinos). The likelihood of saying climate change is a major threat declines with increasing age (73% 18 –34, 65% 35 –54, 59% 55 and older) . “Do you think that global climate c hange is a major threat, a minor threat , or not a threat to the well-being of the United States?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Major threat 65% 82% 27% 62% 60% Minor threat 20 10 40 24 21 Not a threat 12 6 31 12 16 Don’t know 3 1 3 2 2 Solid majorities of California adults (63%) and likely voters (60%) say they favor the state government making its own policies — separate from the federal government —to address the issue of global warming. Findings were similar last July (67% adults, 65% likely voters), and majorities have been in favor since we first asked this question in 2005. Today, there are wide partisan differences, with solid majorities of Democrats (77%) and independents (64%) in favor and a solid majority of Republicans opposed (67%). Support among Republicans has dropped 19 points since last July . “Do you favor or oppose the California state government making its own policies, sep arate from the federal government, to address the issue of global warming? ” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 63% 77% 30% 64% 60% Oppose 33 19 67 33 37 Don’t know 4 4 3 2 3 0 25 50 75 100 2005 200720092011201320152017 Percent DemRepInd Support for California making its own policies to address global warming PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 13 Majorities across regions are in favor of the state making its own climate change policy, with Central Valley residents (53%) less likely than others to be in favor (61% Inland Empire, 63% Orange/San Diego, 66% Los Angeles, 69% San Francisco Bay Area). Asian Americans (70%) and Latinos (68%) are more likely than African Americans (58%) or whites (57%) to be in favor. Abortion As Congress considers President Trump’s Supreme Court nominee, abortion policy is one of the central issues to the debate . When asked which statement comes closest to their own view, Californians are far more likely to say the government should not interfere with a woman’s access to abortion (71%) than to say the government should pass more laws to restrict the availability of abortion (27%). Since 2011, about seven in ten Californians have said the government should not interfere with access. A solid majority have held this view since we first asked this question in 2000 . Today, majorities across parties say the government should not interfere, with Democrats (87%) more likely than independents (75%) or Republicans (60%) to say so. Majorities across racial/ethnic groups agree, with Latinos (60%) less likely to say so than others (78% whites, 77% African Americans, 75% Asian Americans). Two in three men (67%) say the government should not interfere, and women are slightly more likely to hold this view (74%). At least six in ten Californians across age, education, and income groups say the government should not interfere. “Which of the following statements comes closest to your own view, even if neither is exactly right? The government should pass more laws that restrict the availability of abortion; or the government should not interfere with a woman’s access to abortion?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Government should pass more laws 27% 13% 36% 23% 22% Government should not interfere with access 71 87 60 75 76 Don’t know 2 1 3 2 2 In 1973, the Supreme Court’s decision in Roe v. Wade established a woman’s constitutional right to an abortion . Today, 71 percent of Californians say they do not want to see that decision completely overturned (25% say overturn). In our surveys since 2005, at least 65 percent have said the same. Today, majorities across parties do not want Roe v. Wade completely overturned, with Democrats (87%) and independents (73%) much more likely than Republicans (59%) to say so. The likelihood of ag reeing rises with higher education and income levels, though solid majorities across education and income groups agree. Majorities across racial/ethnic groups do not want it overturned , with Latinos (62%) being the least likely. In a December Pew Research Center poll, adults nationwide (69% do not overturn, 28% overturn) had similar opinions to Californians in our survey . “In 1973, the Roe v. Wade decision established a woman’s constitutional right to an abortion, at least in the first three months of pregn ancy. Would you like to see the Supreme Court completely overturn the Roe v. Wade decision, or not? ” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Yes, overturn 25% 11% 37% 25% 21% No, not overturn 71 87 59 73 77 Don’t know 4 2 3 1 2 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 14 Among Californians who say they voted for Donald Trump, slight majorities say they do not want to see Roe v. Wade completely overturned (55%) and that the government should not interfere with access to abortion (52%). Supreme Court President Trump’s nomination of Neil Gorsuch follows a year- long vacancy on the Supreme Court, which changed the makeup of the court. Today, majorities of California adults (57%) and likely voters (53%) approve of the way the Supreme Court is handling its job. Californians are more likely to approve of the Supreme Court (57%) than of President Trump (30%) or the US Congress (33%). Independents (61%) are the most likely to approve of the Supreme Court, followed by Democrats (54%) and Republicans (49%). Approval is somewhat higher than it was last May (45%), with both independents and Republicans more likely to approve of the court today than they were last year (48% and 33%). Today, at least half approve across regions and age, education, and income groups. Asian Americans (67 %) are the most likely to express approval, followed by Latinos (60%), whites (54%), and African Americans (46%). “Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Supreme Court is handling its job?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Approve 57% 54% 49% 61% 53% Disapprove 32 34 44 29 36 Don’t know 11 12 7 10 10 When asked if the current Supreme Court is too liberal, too conservative, or just about right, pluralities of California ns say it is just about right (47% adults, 43% likely voters ). Californians are about as likely to say the court is too liberal as they are to say it is too conservative. Across parties, pluralities of Democrats (47%) and independents (37%) say the court is just about right, while a plurality of Repub licans (48%) say it is too liberal. Asian Americans (59%) are the most likely to say the ideology of the current Supreme Court is about right, followed by Latinos (51%), whites (43%) , and African Americans (39%). Across regions and age, education, and income groups, the most common response is that the current court is just about right. Among the majority of Californians who do not want to see the Supreme Court completely overturn its decision in Roe v. Wade , 51 percent say the ideology of the current court is just about right (27% too conservative, 14% too liberal). Among those who say they voted for Donald Trump, 51 percent say the court is too liberal. “In general, do you think the current Supreme Court is too liberal, too conservative, or just about right? ” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Too liberal 20% 8% 48% 23% 22% Too conservative 24 36 8 31 27 Just about right 47 47 37 37 43 Don’t know 8 9 7 9 8 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 15 State Government Key Findings  Approval of Governor Brown (62 %) is at a record high, the state legislature ’s approval rating (57%) is at its high est point since 2001 , and a record -high 66 percent think the governor and legislature will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year . (page 16, 17)  Most Californians (58 %) think the state is heading in the right direction , and 53 percent expect good economic times in California in the next 12 months . (page 18)  A plurality of Californians (44 %) say K –12 education should be the state’s highest spending priority. Notably, f ew residents (16%) know that K –12 education is already the top area of state spending. (page 19)  About half of adults (52%) and likely voters (49 %)— divided along party lines —prefer to pay higher taxes for a state government that provides more services. (page 19)  A record -low share of Californians (37%) think the state budget situati on is a big problem. When read a summary of the governor’s proposed 2017 –18 budget, f ewer than half of adults (47%) and likely voters (43%) are in favor. Four in ten adults a nd likely voters favor the governor’s transportation infrastructure funding plan. (page 20)  An o verwhelming majorit y of Californians say spending on surface transportation is important for the state’s future. Half of adults prefer using existing funds mor e wisely to improve the state’s roads. At least s ix in ten adults and likely voters would vote yes on a state bond measure to fund surface transportation . About half would vote for a local sales tax increase for local transportation projects —a two -thirds majority is needed to pass this type of measure . (page 21) 62 57 0 20 40 60 80 Jan-12 Jan-13Jan-14Jan-15Jan-16Jan-17 Percent all adults Governor Brown California Legislature Approval ratings of state elected officials 68 2050 26 77 46 0 20 40 60 80 100 Dem Rep Ind Percent Higher taxes and more services Lower taxes and fewer services Preferencefor the size of state government 37 0 20 40 60 80 100 Percent all adults Perception that the state budget situation is a big problem PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 16 Approval Ratings of State Elected Officials As Jerry Brown begins the third year of his fourth term as governor of California , 62 percent of adults and 6 2 percent of likely voters approve of the way that he is handling his job , a record high in PPIC Statewide Surveys. The governor’s approval rating was similar in December (57% adults, 59% likely voters) and last January (58% adults, 60% likely voters). T oday, majorities of Democrats (82%) and i ndependents (57%) and far fewer Republicans (2 5% ) approve of the governor . Majorities across major regions approve , and Latinos (7 3% ) are more likely than Asian Americans (64%), African Americans (63%), and whites (55%) to approve . “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California?” Approve Disapprove Don’t know All adults 62% 24% 13% Likely voters 62 31 7 Party Democrats 82 9 9 Republicans 25 66 8 Independents 57 30 14 Region Central Valley 56 32 12 San Francisco Bay Area 73 18 9 Los Angeles 65 17 18 Orange/San Diego 60 28 11 Inland Empire 54 30 16 At the start of the 2017 –18 session, 5 7 percent of adults and 5 0 percent of likely voters approve of the way the California Legislature is handling its job. Approval of the state legislature was somewhat lower in December (49% adults, 45% likely voters) and last January (46% adults, 41% likely voters). Today, majorities of Democrats (7 1% ) and independents (52 %) say they approve, while fewer Republicans (20%) hold this view. Half or more across the state’s major regions approve of the legislature. Latinos (6 7% ) and Asian Americans (6 3% ) are more likely than African Americans (50%) and whites (49%) to approve . “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job?” Approve Disapprove Don’t know All adults 57% 30% 13% Likely voters 50 38 11 Party Democrats 71 18 12 Republicans 20 75 6 Independents 52 34 15 Region Central Valley 50 37 13 San Francisco Bay Area 69 22 10 Los Angeles 59 25 15 Orange/San Diego 51 35 13 Inland Empire 50 36 14 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 17 Top Issues, Prospect of State Leaders Working Together in 2017 Californians name jobs and the economy (1 4% adults, 1 3% likely voters), immigration (1 4% adults, 1 3% likely voters) , and education and schools (11% adults, 10% likely voters) as the most important issues for the governor and legislature to work on in 201 7. Other top issues are health care and health insurance ( 7 % adults, 8% likely voters) and water and the drought ( 6% adults, 8% likely voters), while t he state budget is the most important issue for 5 percent of all adults and 9 percent of likely voters. Last January, Californians named water and the drought (17% adults, 18% likely voters) and jobs and the economy (16% adults, 19% likely voters) as the most important issues for the governor and legislature to work on. Other top issues mentioned in 2016 included education and schools (9% adults, 9% likely voters), immigration (9% adults, 7% likely voters), and the state budget (4% adults, 5% likely voters). Across the state’s regions, Central Valley residents are the most likel y to mention water and the drought as the most important issue . There are partisan differences in mentioning education and schools (1 4% Democrat, 5% Republican) but not in the naming of jobs and the economy or immigration . There are differences across racial/ethnic groups in mention s of jobs and the economy (2 2% African American s, 15 % Asian American s, 1 4% Latino s, 1 1% white) and immigration (21 % Latino s, 1 1% white s, 10% Asian American s, 9 % African American s). “Which one issue facing California today do you think is the most important for the governor and state legislature to work on in 201 7?” Top 5 issues All adults Region Likely voters Central Valley San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Jobs, economy 14% 13% 10% 16% 17% 10% 13% Immigration, illegal immigration 14 14 14 14 15 11 13 Education, schools, teachers 11 6 11 11 14 14 10 Healthcare, health insurance 7 8 10 7 6 6 8 Water, drought 6 12 6 4 3 2 8 Following the November election in which Democrats secured a two -thirds majority in both chambers, a record -high 66 percent of adults and 6 4 percent of likely voters say they think that Governor Brown and the state legislature will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year. F ewer Californians held this view in January 2016 (57% adults, 53% likely voters), January 2015 (59% adults, 52% likely voters), January 2014 (57% adults, 51% likely voters), January 2013 (57% adults, 51% likely voters), and January 2012 (44% adults, 32% likely voters). When Governor Brown entered office in January 2011, 58 percent of adults and 52 percent of likely voters held this view . Today, majorities of Democrats (7 4% ) and independents (59 %) and fewer Republicans (44 %) hold this view. Majorities across region al, age, income , education, and racial/ethnic groups have this positive outlook on 2017. “Do you think that Governor Brown and the state legislature will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year, or not?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Yes, will be able to 66% 74% 44% 59% 64% No, will not be able to 22 15 47 25 25 Don’t know 11 11 9 16 12 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 18 State of the State Fifty-eight percent of adults and likely voters say that things in California are generally going in the right direction. California adults (but not likely voters) were similarly positive in October (54% adults, 50% likely voters) and last January (54% adults, 49% likely voters) . Today, majorities of Democrats ( 78 %) and independents (5 5% ) and f ar fewer Republicans (2 1% ) say that things ar e going in the right direction. Majorities in the coastal regions have this perception . Asian Americans (69%) and Latinos (6 4% ) are more likely than whites (5 1% ) and African Americans (4 9% ) to hold this view. “Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?” Right direction Wrong direction Don’t know All adults 58% 35% 7% Likely voters 58 38 4 Party Democrats 78 19 3 Republicans 21 77 3 Independents 55 37 8 Region Central Valley 49 42 9 San Francisco Bay Area 70 25 4 Los Angeles 64 29 7 Orange/San Diego 55 38 7 Inland Empire 45 43 11 Fifty-three percent of adults and 5 1 percent of likely voters say the state will have good times financially in the next 12 months. Slightly f ewer Californians expected good economic times in October (47% adults, 46% likely voters ) and last January (49% adults, 44% l ikely voters). Today, majorities of Democrats (5 7% ) and independents (5 4% ) and fewer Republicans (4 5% ) are optimistic. With the exception of the Central Valley, majorities across regions think that good times are ahead. Latinos (60%) and Asian Americans (5 9% ) are more likely than whites (4 9% ) and African Americans (4 1% ) to expect good times. “Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times?” Good times Bad times Don’t know All adults 53% 35% 12% Likely voters 51 34 15 Party Democrats 57 31 13 Republicans 45 42 13 Independents 54 33 13 Region Central Valley 45 42 12 San Francisco Bay Area 54 34 12 Los Angeles 56 31 13 Orange/San Diego 54 34 11 Inland Empire 63 33 4 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 19 State Spending Governor Brown has recently proposed a 2017 –18 state budget that includes approximately $122.5 billion in General Fund expenditures with nine in ten dollars allocated for K–12 public education (42.6%, $ 52.2 billion), health and human services (27.7 %, $34.0 billion), higher education (11.9%, $14.6 billion), and corrections and rehabilitation (9.0%, $11.1 billion). When asked to identify the largest area of state spending, few Californians correctly name K –12 public education (16% adults, 1 7% likely voters) and a plurality incorrectly name corrections and prisons (39 % adults, 3 6% likely voters). In our January surveys since 2010, we have seen similar patterns of correct and incorrect responses. Today, Democrats are much more likely to incorrect ly name prisons and corrections as the largest spending area ( 46%) than are Republicans (31%) and independents (3 1% ). “I'm going to name some of the largest areas for state spending. Please tell me the one that represents the most spending in the state budget.” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Prisons and corrections 39% 46% 31% 31% 36% Health and human services 28 21 35 40 31 K–12 public education 16 16 20 13 17 Higher education 12 12 8 12 8 Don't know 5 5 6 4 7 About half of Californians (4 4% adults, 49% likely voters) think that K –12 public education should have the highest priority when it comes to state government spending. Fewer Californians choose health and human services, higher education, or prisons and corrections. About half of Democrats (47 %) and Republicans (4 8% ), and 42 percent of independents , say that K –12 public education should be the top priority. K –12 public education was also named as the top priority for state spending last January (49% adults, 54% likely voters) and in January 2015 (53% adults, 57% likely voters). “Thinking about these four areas of state spending, I'd like you to name the one you think should have the highest pri ority when it comes to state government spending.” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind K–12 public education 44% 47% 48% 42% 49% Health and human services 30 30 26 32 28 Higher education 19 18 15 18 15 Prisons and corrections 4 3 8 5 5 Don’t know 2 2 2 3 3 About half of adults (5 2% ) and likely voters (4 9% ) say they would rather pay higher taxes and have a state government that provides more services than pay lower taxes and have fewer services provided (43% adults, 47% likely voters) . In December 2015, a similar proportion of Californians (48% adults, 45% likely voters) said they would rather pay higher taxes and have more services. Today, Democrats (68% ) are much more likely than independents (50 %) and Republicans ( 20%) to hold this view . The preference for higher taxes and more services is slightly more common in the San Francisco Bay Area (57 %) than in other regions , among those under 35 (58 %) than among older residents , and among African Americans (67%), Latinos (58 %), and A sian Americans (58 %) than among whites (4 6% ). PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 20 State Budget In his January 10 unveiling of the 2017 –18 proposed state budget, Governor Brown estimated a $1.6 billion deficit for the state. Yet , today only 37 percent of Californians say the budget situation is a big problem —a record low since we first began asking this question in 2006. Across parties, a majority of Republicans (61%) say the budget situation is a big problem , while fewer independents (37%) and Democrats (26%) say the same. Governor Brown’s budget proposal calls f or slowing spending growth in K –14 education and other areas and includes modest increases in spending in the largest areas of the state budget. It also includes about $1.1 billion for the state’s rainy day fund. After being read a short description, 47 percent of adults and 43 percent of likely voters favor the governor’s budget plan. Half of Democrats (51%) are in favor, while independents (39%) and Republicans ( 34%) are less likely to favor the governor’s budget proposal. With the exception of the San Francisco Bay Area (52% favor), fewer than half of Californians across regions favor the proposed budget. Across racial/ethnic groups, Asian Americans (55%) and Latinos (53%) are more likely than whites (41%) and African Americans (36%) to favor the governor’s budget plan. “In general, do you favor or oppose the governor’s budget plan?” * All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 47% 51% 34% 39% 43% Oppose 44 39 60 49 49 Don't know/have not heard anything about the budget 9 10 6 12 8 *For complete question text, see p. 26. Governor Brown has proposed about $43 billion of additional spending over t he next 10 years to address a multibillion -dollar shortfall in infrastructure improvement funds . The new funding would come from a $65 fee on all vehicles, an increase in the state’s gasoline and diesel tax es, and cap -and - trade revenues. After hearing a brief description of the governor’s infrastructure funding proposal, about four in ten Californians (4 1% adults, 43% likely voters ) favor the plan. A slight majority of Democrats (53%) are in favor, while independents are more divided (46% favor, 48% oppose) and most Republicans oppose the proposal (19% favor, 78% oppose) . Regionally, support of the governor’s infrastructure proposal is highest in the San Francisco Bay Area (52%), followed by Los Angeles and Orange/San Diego (42% e ach), the Central Valley (37%), and the Inland Empire (33%). Support for the governor’s proposal falls short of a majority across all demographic groups, with the exception of Asian Americans (60%) and college graduates (54%). “To address a multibillion-dollar shortfall in California infrastructure improvements, Governor Brown has proposed about $43 billion of additional spending for state and local transportation projects over the next 10 years with a focus on repair and maintenance of roads, highways, and bridges and also public transit … In general, do you favor or oppose this proposal?” * All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 41% 53% 19% 46% 43% Oppose 54 42 78 48 53 Don't know 5 5 3 5 4 *For complete question text, see p. 26. PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 21 Transportation Funding Solid majorities of adults (61%) and likely voters (68%) think that spending more money on the maintenance of the state’s roads is very important for the future of California. Findings were similar in March 2016 ( 62 % adults, 68% likely voters said very important ). Today, m ajorities across regions and t wo -thirds of Democrats (65%), Republicans (67%), and independents (66%) say spending more on the maintenance of surface transportation is very important to California’s future. Californians 55 and older (70%) are more likely than younger residents (55% 18 –34, 59% 35 –54) to say spending on maintenance is very important. Notably, Californians who favor Governor Brown’s infrastructure spending plan are more likely to say spending on the maintenance of surface transportation is very important than are those who oppose the plan (69% to 56%) . “Thinking ahead, how important is spending more money on the maintenance of California’s roads, highways, and bridges for the future quality of life and economic vitality of California?” All adults Region Likely voters Central Valley San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Very important 61% 70% 62% 61% 55% 58% 68% Somewhat important 32 25 34 32 36 33 27 Not too important 5 3 4 5 7 7 3 Not at all important 1 1 – 1 2 2 2 Don't know – – – 1 1 – – When asked what is needed to significantly improve the quality of California’s roads, about half of ad ults (51%) and likely voters (52 %) say wiser use of existing funds is needed. An additional four in ten say wiser use of existing funds and an increase in the amount of state funding is needed. Few adults (7%) and likely voters (4%) prefer increased funding alone to significantly improve California’s roads and surface transportation . Across parties, majorities of Republicans (72%) and independents (56%) say wiser use alone is needed , while fewer Democrats (41%) say the same. Majorities in the Inland Empire (59%), Central Valley (56%), and Orange/San Diego (5 4%) say only wiser use of existing funds is needed , while fewer in the San Francisco Bay Area (44 %) and Los Angeles (4 8% ) hold this view. “To significantly improve the quality of California’s roads and surface transportation , which of the following statem ents do you agree with the most?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Use existing funds more wisely 51% 41% 72% 56% 52% Increase the amount of state funding 7 6 4 8 4 Use funds more wisely and increase the amount of state funding 40 49 24 34 41 Don't know 2 4 – 2 2 A majority of adults (65%) and likely voters (60%) would vote yes on a state bond measure to pay for surface transportation projects. Another potential revenue source for transportation is a local sales tax increase, which requires a two -thirds majority to pass. However, only about half of Californians (50 % adults , 53% likely voters ) would vote yes on a local sales tax increase . F ewer than half of Californians ( 47 % adults, 41% likely voters ) would favor a measure to replace the two -thirds vote requirement with a 55 percent majority for voters to pass local sales taxes to pay for roads and surface transportation . PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 22 Regional Map PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 23 Methodology The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, president and CEO and survey director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with assistance from associate survey director Dean Bonner, project manager for this survey, and survey research a ssociates David Kordus and Lunna Lopes. The Californians and Their Government series is supported with funding from the James Irvine Foundation and the PPIC Donor Circle . The PPIC Statewide Survey invites input, comments, and suggestions from policy and pu blic opinion experts and from its own advisory committee, but survey methods, questions, and content are determined solely by PPIC’s survey team. Findings in this report are based on a survey of 1,70 2 California adult residents, including 68 1 interviewed o n landline telephones and 1,02 1 interviewed on cell phones. Interviews took an average of 21 minutes to complete. Interviewing took place on weekend days and weekday nights from January 22– 31, 201 7. Landline interviews were conducted using a computer- generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted numbers were called. All landline telephone exchanges in California were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as six times to increase the likelihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Cell phone interviews were co nducted using a computer-generated random sample of cell phone numbers. All cell phone numbers with California area codes were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as eight times to increase the likelihood of reachin g an eligible respondent. Once a cell phone user was reached, it was verified that this person was age 18 or older, a resident of California, and in a safe place to continue the survey (e.g., not driving). Cell phone respondents were offered a small reim bursement to help defray the cost of the call. Cell phone interviews were conducted with adults who have cell phone service only and with those who have both cell phone and landline service in the household. Live landline and cell phone interviews were co nducted by Abt SRBI, Inc., in English and Spanish, according to respondents’ preferences. Accent on Languages, Inc., translated new survey questions into Spanish, with assistance from Renatta DeFever. Abt SRBI uses the US Census Bureau’s 201 1– 201 5 American Community Survey’s (ACS) Public Use Microdata Series for California (with regional coding information from the University of Minnesota’s Integrated Public Use Microdata Series for California) to compare certain demographic characteristics of the survey sa mple—region, age, gender, race/ethnicity, and education —with the characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the ACS figures. To estimate landline and cell phone service in California, Abt SRBI used 2015 st ate -level estimates released by the National Center for Health Statistics —which used data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the ACS —and 201 6 estimates for the West Census Region in the latest NHIS report. The estimates for California were then compared against landline and cell phone service reported in this survey. We also used voter registration data from the California Secretary of State to compare the party registration of registered voters in our sample to party registration statewide. The landline and cell phone samples were then integrated using a frame integration weight, while sample balancing adjusted for differences across regional, age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, telephone service, and party registration groups. The sampling error, taking design effects from weighting into consideration, is ±3. 3 percent at the 95 percent confidence level for the total unweighted sample of 1, 702 adults. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 3. 3 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 24 were interviewed. The sampling error for unweighted subgroups is larger: for the 1, 428 registered v oters, th e sampling error is ±3.6 percent; for the 1, 107 likely voters, it is ±4. 1 percent. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. W e present results for five geographic regions, accounting for approximately 90 percent of the state population. “Central Valley” includes Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanisl aus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “San Francisco Bay Area” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, “Inland Empire” refe rs to Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, and “Orange/San Diego” refers to Orange and San Diego Counties. Residents of other geographic areas are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, and likely voters, but sample sizes for these less populous areas are not large enough to report separately. We present specific results for non -Hispanic whites, who account for 43 percent of the state’s adult population, and also for Latinos, who account for about a third of the state’s adult population and constitute one of the fastest- growing voter groups. We also present results for non -Hispanic Asian American s, who make up about 15 percent of the state’s adult pop ulation, and non-Hispanic African Americans , who comprise about 6 percent. Re sults for other racial/ethnic groups—such as Native Americans —are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, and likely voters, but sample sizes are not large enough for separate analysis. We compare the opinions of those who report they are registered Democrats, registered Republicans, and decline -to -state or independent voters; the results for those who say they are registered to vote in other parties are not large enough for separate analysis. We also analyze the responses of lik ely voters—so designated per their responses to survey questions about voter registration, previous election participation, and current interest in politics. The percentages presented in the report tables and in the questionnaire may not add to 100 due to rounding. We compare current PPIC Statewide Survey results to those in our earlier surveys and to those in national surveys by ABC News/Washington Post , Kaiser Family Foundation, Gallup, and the Pew Research Center . Additional details about our methodo logy can be found at www.ppic.org/content/other/SurveyMethodology.pdf and are available upon request through surveys@ppic.org . PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 25 Questionnaire and Results CALIFORNIANS AND THE IR GOVERNMENT January 22–31, 2017 1,702 California Adult Residents : English, Spanish MARGIN OF ERROR ±3.3 % AT 95% CONFIDENCE LEVEL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE PERCENTAGES MAY NOT ADD TO 100 D UE TO ROUNDING First, which one issue facing California today do you think is the most important for the governor and the state legislature to work on in 201 7? [code, don’t read] 14% immigration, illegal immigration 14 jobs, economy 11 education, schools, teachers 7 health care, health insurance 6 water, drought 5 environment, pollution, global warming 5 state budget, deficit, taxes 4 government in general, problems with elected officials, parties 3 crime, gangs, drugs 3 infrastructure 2 abortion 2 guns, gun control 2 homelessness 2 housing costs, availability 9 other (specify) 11 don’t know Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling hi s job as governor of California? 62% approve 24 disapprove 13 don’t know Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? 57% approve 30 disapprove 13 don’t know Do you think that Governor Brown and the state legislature will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year, or not? 66% yes, will be able to work together 22 no, will not be able to work together 11 don’t know Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wro ng direction? 58% right direction 35 wrong direction 7 don’t know Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? 53% good times 35 bad times 12 don’t know I’m going to name some of the largest areas for state spending. Please tell me the one that represents the most spending in the state budget. [rotate] (1) K–12 public education, (2) higher education, (3 ) health and human services, [or] ( 4 ) prisons and corrections. 16% K– 12 public education 12 higher education 28 health and human services 39 prisons and corrections 5 don’t know PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 26 Thinking about these four areas of state spending, I’d like you to name the one you think should have the highest priority when it comes to state government spending, [rotate in same order as Q7] (1) K –12 public education, (2) higher education, (3 ) health and human services, [or] ( 4 ) prisons and corrections. 44% K– 12 public education 19 higher education 30 health and human services 4 prisons and corrections 2 don’t know Thinking ahead, how important is spending more money on the maintenance of California’s roads, highways, and bridges for the future quality of life and economic vitality of California —is it very important, somewhat important, not too important , or not at all important? 61% very important 32 somewhat important 5 not too important 1 not at all important – don’t know Do you think the state budget situation in California —that is, the balance between government spending and revenues —is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem for the people of California today? 37% big problem 45 somewhat of a problem 13 not a problem 5 don’t know In general, which of the following statements do you agree with more— [rotate] (1) I’d rather pay higher taxes and have a state government that provides more services, [or] (2) I’d rather pay lower taxes and have a state government that provides fewer services? 52% higher taxes and more services 43 lower taxes and fewer services 5 don’t know On another topic, the state government has a budget of about $123 billion and is projected to have a deficit of $1.6 billion in the upcoming fiscal year. Governor Brown recently proposed a budget plan to close this def icit by slowing spending growth in K–14 education and in other areas and eliminating some planned one-time spending. It includes modest increases in the largest areas of the state budget such as K –14 and higher education, health and human services, and prisons and corrections and about $1.1 billion for the state’s rainy day fund. In general, do you favor or oppose the governor’s budget plan? 47% favor 44 oppose 4 haven’t heard anything about the budget (volunteered) 5 don’t know To address a multi billion -dollar shortfall in California infrastructure improvements, Governor Brown has proposed about $43 billion of additional spending for state and local transportation projects over the next 10 years with a focus on repair and maintenance of roads, highwa ys, and bridges and also public transit. The new funding would come from a $65 fee on all vehicles and by increasing the state’s gasoline excise tax to 21.5 cents with annual adjustments for inflation, an 11 cent increase in the diesel excise tax, and c ap - and -trade revenues. In general, do you favor or oppose this proposal? 41% favor 54 oppose 5 don’t know Next, please tell me if you would vote yes or no on each of the following proposals to increase state and local funding for surface transportation projects in California. [rotate questions 14 and 15 ] PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 27 If the state ballot had a bond measure to pay for roads and surface transportation projects in Calif ornia, would you vote yes or no? 65% yes 31 no 4 don’t know If your local ballot had a measure to inc rease the local sales tax to pay for roads and surface transportation projects in your part of California, would you vote yes or no? 50% yes 48 no 2 don’t know As you may know, the California state constitution requires a two -thirds vote at the ballot box to pass any local special taxes. If the state ballot had a measure to replace the two-thirds vote requirement with a 55 percent majority vote for voters to pass local sales taxes to pay for roads and surface transportation projects, would you vote yes or no? 47% yes 51 no 3 don’t know To significantly improve the quality of California’s roads and surface transportation , which of the following statements do you agree with the most? [ rotate responses 1 and 2 ] (1) We need to use existing state funds more wisely, [or ] (2 ) We need to increase the amount of state funding, [or ] (3 ) We need to use existing state funds more wisely and increase the amount of state funding. 51% use existing funds more wisely 7 increase the amount of state funding 40 use funds more wisely and increase the amount of state funding 2 don’t know On another topic, Overall, do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Donald Trump? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat? 19% stro ngly favorable 14 somewhat favorable 12 somewhat unfavorable 48 strongly unfavorable 7 don’t know Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Donald Trump is handling his job as president? 30% approve 58 disapprove 12 don’t know How much confidence do you have in President Trump to make the right decisions for the country’s future —a great deal of confidence, a good amount, just some, or none at all? 15% great deal of confidence 13 a good amount 26 just some 45 none at all 2 don’t know Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U S Congress is handling its job? 33% approve 58 disapprove 9 don’t know Do you think that President Trump and the US Congress will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the nex t year, or not? 50% yes, will be able to work together 44 no, will not be able to work together 6 don’t know Do you think things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 36% right direction 57 wrong direction 7 don’t know PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 28 Turning to economic conditions, do you think that during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially or bad times? 52% good times 39 bad times 8 don’t know As you may know, a health reform bill was signed into law in 2010. Given what you know about the health reform law, do you have a [rotate ] (1) [generally favorable] [or ] (2) [generally unfavorable] opinion of it? [Interviewer note: If respondent asks if th e health reform law refers to the Affordable Care Act or Obamacare, please answer “Yes”] 51% generally favorable 39 generally unfavorable 9 don’t know Now thinking specifically about the 2010 health care law, also known as the Affordable Care Act and sometimes referred to as Obamacare. Do you think Congress should vote to repeal the 2010 health care law, or should they not vote to repeal it? (if yes: [ rotate 1 and 2] (1) should lawmakers vote to repeal the law immediately and work out the details of a replacement plan later [ or ] [2] should lawmakers wait to vote to repeal the law until the details of a replacement plan have been announced?) 16% yes, vote to repeal the law immediately and work out the details of a replacement plan later 26 yes, wait to vote to repeal the law until the details of a replacement plan have been announced 53 no, should not vote to repeal 4 don’t know Next, do you think that global climate change is a major threat, a minor threat , or not a threat to the well -being of the United States? 65% major threat 20 minor threat 12 not a threat 3 don’t know D o you favor or oppose the California state government making its own policies, separate from the federal government, to address the issue of global warming? 63% favor 33 oppose 4 don’t know Changing topics, Which comes closer to your view about how to handle undocumented imm igrants who are living in the US? [rotate ] (1 ) There should be a way for them to stay in the country legally, if certain requirements are met [or ] (2 ) They should not be allowed to stay in this country legally. 85% allowed to stay legally 13 not allowed to stay legally 2 don’t know Do you favor or oppose the California state and local governments making their own policies and taking actions, separate from the federal government, to protect the legal rights of undocumented immigrants in California? 65% favor 32 oppose 3 don’t know On another topic, Which of the following statements comes closest to your own view, even if neither is exactly right [rotate ] (1 ) The government should pass more laws that restrict the availability of abortion; [or ] (2 ) the government should not interfere with a woman’s access to abortion. 27% government should pass more laws 71 government should not interfere with access 2 don’t know PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 29 In 1973, the Roe v. Wade decision established a woman’s constitutional right to an abortion, at least in the first three months of pregnancy. Would you like to see the Supreme Court completely overturn the Roe v. Wade decision, or no t? 25% yes, overturn Roe v. Wade 71 no, not overturn Roe v. Wade 4 don’t know On another topic, do you approve or disapprove of the way the Supreme Court is handling its job? 57% approve 32 disapprove 11 don’t know In general, do you think the curren t Supreme Court is too liberal, too conservative, or just about right? 20% too liberal 24 too conservative 47 just about right 8 don’t know Next, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote in California? 70% yes [ask q3 5a] 30 no [skip to q36b] 35a. Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or as an independent? 45% Democrat [ask q36 ] 26 Republican [skip to q36 a] 5 another party (specify) [skip to q37] 25 independent [skip to q36 b] Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 60% strong 39 not very strong 1 don’t know [skip to q 37] 36a. Would you call yourself a strong Republican or not a very strong Republican? 55% strong 43 not very strong 1 don’t know [skip to q37] 36b. Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? 25% Republican Party 47 Democratic Party 20 neither (volunteered) 8 don’t know Would you consider yourself to be politically: [read list, rotate order top to bottom] 14% very liberal 21 somewhat liberal 29 middle -of-the -road 21 somewhat conservative 12 very conservative 3 don’t know Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics? 29% great deal 36 fair amount 28 only a little 7 none 1 don’t know [d1-d1 8 demographic questions] PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ruben Barrales President and CEO GROW Elect Angela Glover Blackwell President and CEO PolicyLink Mollyann Brodie Senior Vice President Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Director B ill Lane Center for the American West Stanford University Jon Cohen Vice President of Survey Research SurveyMonkey Joshua J. Dyck Co-Director Center for Public Opinion University of Massachusetts, Lowell Russell Hancock President and CEO Joint Venture Sil icon Valley Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Professor Sol Price School of Public Policy University of Southern California Robert Lapsley President California Business Roundtable Carol S. Larson President and CEO The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Sonja Petek Fiscal and Policy Analyst California Legislative Analyst’s Office Lisa Pitney Vice President of Government Relations The Walt Disney Company Mindy Romero Founder and Director California Civic Engag ement Project at the UC Davis Center for Regional Change Robert K. Ross, MD President and CEO The California Endowment Most Reverend Jaime Soto Bishop of Sacramento Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento Carol Whiteside Principal California Strategies The PPIC Statewide Survey Advisory Committee is a diverse group of experts who provide advice on survey issues. However, survey methods, questions, content, and timing are determined solely by PPIC. PPIC BOARD OF DIRECTORS Mas Masumoto, Chair Author and Farmer Mark Baldassare President and CEO Public Policy Institute of California Ruben Barrales President and CEO GROW Elect María Blanco Executive Director Undocumented Student Legal Services Center University of California Office of the President Louise Henry Bryson Chair Emerita, Board of Trustees J. Paul Getty Trust A. Marisa Chun Partner McDermott Will & Emery LLP Chet Hewitt President and CEO Sierra Health Foundation Phil Isenberg Former Chair Delta Stewardship Council Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Steven A. Merksamer Senior Partner Nielsen, Merksamer, Parrinello, Gross & Leoni, LLP Gerald L. Parsky Chairman Aurora Capital Group Kim Polese Chairman ClearStreet, Inc. Gaddi H. Vasquez Senior Vice President, Government Affairs Edison International Southern California Edison Public Policy Institute of California 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, CA 94111 T: 415.291.4400 F: 415.291.4401 PPIC.ORG PPIC Sacramento Center Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, C A 95814 T: 916.440.1120 F: 916.440.1121" } ["___content":protected]=> string(102) "

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" ["_permalink":protected]=> string(111) "https://www.ppic.org/publication/ppic-statewide-survey-californians-and-their-government-january-2017/s_117mbs/" ["_next":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_prev":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_css_class":protected]=> NULL ["id"]=> int(9038) ["ID"]=> int(9038) ["post_author"]=> string(1) "1" ["post_content"]=> string(0) "" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:43:17" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(4605) ["post_status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["post_title"]=> string(8) "S 117MBS" ["post_type"]=> string(10) "attachment" ["slug"]=> string(8) "s_117mbs" ["__type":protected]=> NULL ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(12) "S_117MBS.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "702664" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(80611) "PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 Californians & Their Government Mark Baldassare Dean Bonner David Kordus Lunna Lopes CONTENTS Press Release 3 Federal Government 6 State Government 15 Regional Map 22 Methodology 23 Questionnaire and Results 25 Supported with funding from the James Irvine Foundation and the PPIC Donor Circle The PPIC Statewide Survey provides a voice for the public and likely voters— informing policymakers, encouraging discussion, and raising awareness on critical issues of the day. © 201 7 Public Policy Institute of California The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research. PPIC is a public charity. It does not take or support positions on any ballot measures or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. Short sections of text, not to exceed three paragraphs, may be quoted without written permission provided that full attribution is given to the source. Research publications reflect the views of the authors and do not necess arily reflect the views of our funders or of the staff, officers, advisory councils, or board of directors of the Public Policy Institute of California. PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 3 CONTACT Linda Strean 415 -291 -4412 Serina Correa 415 -291 -4417 News Release EMBARGOED: Do not publish or broadcast until 9:00 p.m. PST on Thursday , February 9 , 2017 . Para ver este comunicado de prensa en español, por favor visite nuestra página de internet: www.ppic.org/main/pressreleaseindex.asp PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY: CALIFORNIANS AND THE IR GOVERNMENT A Third of Californians Approve of Trump’s Job Performance VIEWS ON IMMIGRATION, HEAL TH CARE, CLIMATE CHANGE, AB ORTION AT ODDS WITH PRESIDE NT SAN FRANCISCO, February 9, 2017 —Just a third of Californians approve of the way President Trump is doing his job, according to a statewide survey released today by the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC), with funding from the James Irvine Foundation. In the survey , taken January 22 –31, the president’s job approval rating is 30 percent among California adults and 34 percent among likely voters. Majorities in both groups disapprove (58% all adults, 55% likely voters). There’ s a strong partisan divide among Californians on this question: 72 percent of Republicans and 10 percent of Democrats approve of the president’s job performance. Approval is low across regions of the state. There are differences across racial/ethnic groups , with whites (39%) and Asian Americans (37%) twice as likely as Latinos (17%) and African Americans (15%) to approve. Californians overall are less likely to approve of President Trump than are adults nationwide (45% approve) , according to a Gallup tracki ng poll from January 23–29. Trump’s favorability rating is 33 percent among adults and 37 percent among likely voters . Most have an unfavorable opinion (60% adults, 59% likely voters), and about half in each group have a strongly unfavorable one . Slightly less than a third of Californians have confidence (15% great deal, 13% good amount) that the president will make the right decisions for the country’s future (26% just some confidence, 45% none at all). “The California public’s early reviews of President Trump are generally negative,” said Mark Baldassare, PPIC president and CEO. “Yet they also demonstrate that the state’s voters have deep partisan divisions that are very much in line with national politics.” Most Support State, Local Action on Immigration As California leaders consider their responses to Trump’s early action on immigration, the survey asked whether state and local governments should make their own policies and take actions —separate from the federal government —to protect the legal rights of undocumented immigrants in California. A solid majority of adults (65%) and 58 percent of likely voters favor state and local action. Opinion differs widely across political parties: 80 percent of Democrats favor state and local government action, while 69 percent of Republicans oppose it. Majorities across regions and racial/ethnic groups are in favor. Consistent with PPIC surveys over the past year, an overwhelming majority of Californians (85%) say there should be a way for undocumented immigrants to stay in the US legally if certain requirements are met. Strong majorities across parties hold this view (93% Democrats, 84% independents, 65% Republicans ). Of those who say they voted for Trump, 61 percent say undocumented immigrants should be allowed to stay and 34 percent say they should not. PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 4 When Californians are asked to name the one issue facing the state that is most important for the governor and legislature to work on, immigration is tied with jobs and the economy as the top issue (14% adults, 13% l ikely voters). Last January, Californians said water and drought (17% adults, 18% likely voters) and jobs and the economy (16% adults, 19% likely voters) were most important. A Slight Majority Oppose ACA Repeal In the wake of Trump’s pledge to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the survey asked Californians for their opinions of the 2010 health care law. H alf (51% adults, 53% likely voters) view the law favorably (39% adults, 40% likely voters view it unfavorably). Californians are somewhat more likely to have favorable opinions of the law than were adults nationwide in a December Kaiser Family Foundation survey (43% favorable, 46% unfavorable). There are stark partisan differences: 77 percent of Democrats view the law favorably and 74 percent of Republicans view it unfavorably . Independents are more evenly divided but are more likely to view the law favorably (50%) than unfavorably (40%). A slight majority of Californians (53%) oppose repealing the ACA. About a quarter (26% ) say Congress should wait to repeal it until details of a replacement plan are announced, while 16 percent favor an immediate repeal. Across political parties, most Democrats (78%) and independents (57%) oppose repealing the ACA , while Republicans (80%) ov erwhelmingly favor it. Strong Majority See Climate Change as Major Threat The Trump administration’s approach to federal climate change policy appears likely to diverge from California’s. A strong majority of Californians (65%) say global climate change is a major threat to the well - being of the US (20% minor threat, 12% not a threat). Adults nationwide were much less likely to see climate change as a major threat in a January Pew Research Center survey (52% major, 32% minor, 14% not a threat). In the PPIC survey, Democrats (82%) are far more likely than independents (62%) and Republicans (27%) to say climate change is a major threat. A solid majority of Californians (63%) say they favor the state government making its own policies—separate from the federal government —to address global warming. Partisans are split: 77 percent of Democrats, 64 percent of independents, and just 30 percent of Republicans favor the state making its own policies. Republican support has dropped 19 points since last July. Most across Parties Support Abortion Access As Congress considers Trump ’s Supreme Court nominee, abortion policy is an important issue in the debate . Most Californians (71%) say the government should not interfere with a woman’s access to abortion, while 27 percen t say the government should pass more laws to restrict the availability of abortion. Since PPIC first asked this question in 2000, solid majorities of Californians have said the government should not interfere with access. Today, this view is held across p arties (87% Democrats, 75% independents, 60% Republicans). Majorities of men and women and majorities across racial/ethnic, age, education, and income groups concur. Asked about the Roe v. Wade decision establishing a woman’s constitutional right to an abo rtion, 71 percent of Californians say they do not want to see the decision completely overturned. In PPIC surveys since 2005, at least 65 percent of Californians expressed this view. “Californians’ policy preferences are deeply at odds with the new federal direction on abortion access , climate change, health insurance, and undocumented immigrants,” Baldassare said. Most Approve of Supreme Court’s Job Performance Most adults (57%) approve of the way the Supreme Court is handling its job. Independents (61%) are the most likely to approve, followed by Democrats (54%) and Republicans (49%). Asked about the ideology of the court, 20 percent say it is too liberal, 24 percent say it is too conservative, and 47 percent say it is just PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 5 about r ight. Across parties, 4 8 percent o f Republicans say it i s too l iberal, wh ile 47 percent o f Democrats and 37 percent o f independents s ay it i s j ust a bout r ight. Approval R atings for C ongress Are Similar t o Trump’s Californians’ job approval ratings f or Congress are similar to their ratings fo r Trump. Just a third of adults (33%) and a quarter of likely voters (25%) approve of the way Congress is doing its j ob. Democrats (19%) are much less likely than in dependents (35%) and Republicans (39%) to approve. Although R epublicans control the e xecutive and legislative branches of the f ederal government, o nly about half of Californians (50% adults, 55% likely voters ) say the president and Congress will be able to work t ogether and accomplish a lot in the next year. An overwhelming majority of Republicans (85%) and a majority of independents (56% ) expect productive c ollaboration, compar ed to 3 4 percent of Democrats. Th e belief that the president and C ongress will be able to a ccomplish a lot is down sharply from January 20 09, when there was a Democratic president a nd Democratic -co ntrolled Congress . Then , 81 percent of Californians —including 66 percent of Republicans—h eld this view. Half of Californians (52%) think the nation w ill have good times financially in the next year. When they are asked about the direction of the nation, just 36 percent of adults and 37 percent of likely voters say the US is headed in the right direction. Governor Brown, California Legislature Get High Ratings When asked a bout state le aders, C alifornia a dults and likely voters each g ive Governor B rown 62 percent job a pproval r ating—a record high in PPIC St atewide Surveys. The l egislature’s a pproval ratings— 57 percent among all adults and 50 percent among likely voters —are the highest s ince 2001. A record- high 66 percent of adults and 64 percent of likely voters say the governo r and legislature will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year. About hal f of Californians (53% adults, 51% likely voters) s ay the state wi ll have good times financially in the year ahead. M ost (58% a dults, 5 8% likely voters) s ay things in California are generally going in the right direction. “Californians g ive much highe r approval ratings to the g overnor and legislature th an to the president and Congress today,” Baldassare said. “With starkly different views of the direction of the state and the nation, many Californians have hopes that the governor and legislature will be able to work together and keep the state on its current track.” Fewer Than H alf Support Brown’s Budget When Brown proposed his 2017 –18 budget, he estimated a $1.6 billion deficit for the state. Yet just 3 7 percent of C alifornians see th e budget situation a s a big problem—a r ecord l ow since P PIC first asked t he question in 2006. B rown’s plan includes mode st spending increases in K–14 and h igher e ducation, health an d human services, a nd prisons and co rrections. It also calls for slowing sp ending growth in K–14 education a nd other areas , and p utting $ 1.1 billion i n the sta te rainy day fund. Wh en read a sh ort description o f the p lan, j ust under h alf of California adults ( 47%) and 43 percent of likely voters favor i t. Brow n has proposed about $43 billion in addit ional spending over the next ten years to addre ss a multibillion- dollar shortfall in funding f or infrastructure improvements. Funding would come f rom a $ 65 fee on all vehicles, increased s tate gas and diesel taxes, and cap -and -trade funds. When t hey are re ad a short description of this proposal, 41 percent of adults and 43 percent of likely voters are in favor. For more survey findings on transportat ion, rea d “ Californians and T ransportation.” “The p ublic strongly believes t hat transportation spending s hould be a high priority for the state government,” Baldassare sa id. “Yet with most saying that we also have to spend w hat we have more wisely, state b onds are much more popular than f ees and taxe s for funding much -needed improvements.” PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 6 Federal Government Key Findings  Thirty percent of California adults and 34 percent of lik ely voters approve of President Trump’s job performance . One in three adults ( 33%) and one in four likely voters (25 %) approve of the US Congress . (page 7)  A third of California adults have a favorable opinion of Donald Trump . About three in ten have a great deal ( 15%) or a good amount (13%) of confidence in President Trump to make the right decisions for the country’ s future. (page 8)  Half of Californians think President Trump and the US Congress will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year. Thirty -si x percent of Californians s ay the country is headed in the right direction , and about half expect good economic times . (page 9 )  Most Californians support finding a way for undocumented immigrants to stay in the country legally; two in three favor California’s state and local governments making their own policies to protect the legal rights of undocumented immigrants in the state . (page 10 )  Fifty -one percent of California adults have a favorable opinion of the Affordable Care Act , with partisans sharply divided. About half say it should not be repealed. (page 11)  Climate change is viewed as a major threat by two in three Californians; a solid majority favor the state making its own policies to address climate change . (page 12)  Se ven in ten Californians think government should not interfere with a woman’s access to abortion . (page 13)  Most Californians approve of the Supreme Court; a plurality think the ideology of the current court is just about right . (page 14) 65 656782 53 0 20 40 60 80 100 All adults African Americans Asian Americans Latinos Whites Percent Support for California acting on its own to protect the rights of undocumented immigrants in the state 51 39 0 20 40 60 80 100 Jan 14 Jan 15Jan 16Jan 17 Percent all adults Generally favorable Generally unfavorable Opinion of Affordable Care Act 65 52 20 32 12 14 0 20 40 60 80 100 California United States* Percent Major threat Minor threat Not a threat Perception of global climate change *PewResearch Center, January 2017 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 7 Approval of Federal Elected Officials Donald Trump begins his term as p resident with the approval of 30 percent of Californians and a third of likely voters (34%); majorities in both groups disapprove. There are stark partisan differences: 10 percent of Democrats approve , compared to 72 percent of Republicans. Approval of President Trump is low across regions. Men are 10 points more likely than women to approve (35% to 25%). There are also differences across racial/ethnic groups, with whites (39%) and Asian Americans (37%) twice as likely as Latinos (17%) and African Americans (15%) to approve. Californians are less likely than adults nationwide to approve of President Trump according a Gallup tracking poll from January 23– 29 (45%). “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Donald Trump is handling his job as president?” Approve Disapprove Don’t know All adults 30% 58% 12% Likely voters 34 55 11 Party Democrats 10 82 8 Republicans 72 16 12 Independents 37 48 15 Region Central Valley 34 51 15 San Francisco Bay Area 28 60 13 Los Angeles 27 62 11 Orange/San Diego 30 60 10 Inland Empire 32 57 11 A third of Californians (33%) and a quarter of likely voters (25%) approve of the way the US Congress is handling its job. Approval among all adults was similar in recent months and last January. Democrats (19%) are much less likely than independents (35%) and Republicans (39%) to approve. Fewer than half across regions and age, education, and income groups approve. Asian Americans (40%) and Latinos (40%) are more likely than whites (27%) and African Americans (19%) to approve. A ccording to a January CBS News poll , fewer adults nationwide approve of Congress (24% approve, 71% disapprove) . “Overall, do you approve or d isapprove of the way that the U S Congress is handling its job?” Approve Disapprove Don’t know All adults 33% 58% 9% Likely voters 25 68 7 Party Democrats 19 73 8 Republicans 39 56 5 Independents 35 58 7 Region Central Valley 34 57 9 San Francisco Bay Area 35 55 10 Los Angeles 31 62 6 Orange/San Diego 38 58 4 Inland Empire 29 53 17 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 8 New President A third of California adults and 37 percent of likely voters have a favorable opinion of Donald Trump . Mo st have an unfavorable opinion, and about half of adults and likely voters hold a strongly unfavorable opinion. Last January, fewer Californians (22% adults, 27% likely voters) viewed him favorably. Notably, today only 9 percent of Democrats have a positive opinion, compared to 80 percent of Republicans. Fou r in ten or fewer across regions and age, education, and income groups hold favorable opinions. W hites (44%) are much more likely to have a positive vie w than Asian Americans (30%), Latinos (23%), and African Americans (10%). According to a January ABC News/Washington Post poll, adults nationwide are slightly more likely than Californians to have a favorable view (40%). “Overall, do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Donald Trump?” Favorable Unfavorable Don’t know All adults 33% 60% 7% Likely voters 37 59 4 Party Democrats 9 86 5 Republicans 80 15 4 Independents 35 55 9 Region Central Valley 40 53 6 San Francisco Bay Area 27 67 5 Los Angeles 26 62 12 Orange/San Diego 37 56 7 Inland Empire 36 61 2 About three in ten Californians have a great deal (15% ) or a good amount (13%) of confidence in President Trump to make the right decisions for the country’ s future; seven in ten have only some confidence (26%) or none at all (45%). Republicans are much more likely than Democrats to be confident. Fewer than four in ten across regions and age, education, and income groups are confident. Whites (42%) are much more likely than other racial/ethnic groups to be confident. According to the ABC News/Washington Post poll , adults nationwide are more likely to be confident (38%). “How much confidence do you have in President Trump to make the right decisions for the country’s future—a great deal of confidence, a good amount, just some, or none at all?” A great deal A good amount Just some None at all Don’t know All adults 15% 13% 26% 45% 2% Likely voters 19 15 19 45 1 Party Democrats 3 6 22 67 1 Republicans 47 31 14 8 1 Independents 18 14 31 36 2 Region Central Valley 22 17 23 36 2 San Francisco Bay Area 12 11 27 49 1 Los Angeles 13 9 28 47 2 Orange/San Diego 15 16 25 43 1 Inland Empire 17 13 19 49 2 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 9 State of the Nation Despite a Republican president and a Republican -controlled Congress, only about half of Californians (50% adults, 55% likely voters) think the president and Congress will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year. An overwhelming majority of Republicans (85%) and 56 percent of independents anticipate productive collaboration , compared with one in three Democrats (34%). Across regions, residents in the Central Valley (54%) are the most likely to express optimism and residents in Los Angeles (46%) are the least likely. Whites (58%) are the most likely to think the president and Congress will be able to accomplish a lot together in the next year (46% Asian Americans, 43% Latinos, 42% African Americans). Notably, this belief is down sharply from January 2009 when there wa s a Democratic president and Democratic- controlled Congress; at that time, 81 percent of Californians— including 66 percent of Republicans— held this view. “Do you think that President Trump and the US Congress will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year, or not? ” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Yes, will be able to work together 50% 34% 85% 56% 55% No, will not be able to work together 44 57 13 39 39 Don’t know 6 9 2 5 6 Thirty -six percent of Californians think things in the United States are headed in the right direction. In October 2016, just prior to the election , optimism was slightly higher (43%). Although the overall percentage has changed only slightly, there has be en a dramatic shift among partisans. Six in ten Republicans think things are going in the right direction (61%, up from 17%), while one in five Democrats are optimistic (20%, down from 57%). Four in ten independents say things are heading in the right dire ction (43%, up from 33%). Today, four in ten or fewer across regions and racial/ethnic groups think things are going in the right direction and men (42%) are more likely than women (31%) to be optimistic. “Do you think things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Right direction 36% 20% 61% 43% 37% Wrong direction 57 73 37 51 57 Don’t know 7 6 2 6 6 Half of Californians (52%) think that during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially ; 39 percent expect bad times . Results were similar in October 2016 (46% good time s, 39% bad times). Once again , the partisan outlook has changed greatly since October. Fewer than four in ten Democrats expect good times (38%, down from 58%), compared with more than eight in ten Republicans (83%, up from 27%). Whites (60%) are the most likely to be optimistic about good economic times, followed by Asian Americans (51%), Latinos (46%), and African Americans (38%). Optimism increases as incomes rise and is higher among men (59%) than women (46%). Optimism about the direction of the country and economic conditions are both far higher amon g those who approve of President Trump than who disapprove. PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 10 Immigration Policy As a candidate, President Trump promised a new federal approach to undocumented immigrants living in the United States, and he has taken action on immigration in the early days of his administration. In California, state and local governments are considering their responses to the new administration ’s policies, including the president’s executive order challenging “sanctuary cit ies.” A solid majority of adults (65%) and 58 percent of likely voters favor California’s state and local governments making their own policies and taking actions —separate from the federal government — to protect the rights of undocumented immigrants living in the state. Opinions differ widely across political parties: 80 percent of Democrats favor state and local government action, while 69 percent of Republicans oppose it. Majorities across regions are in favor, with residents of Los Angeles (73%) most likely to be in favor (68% San Francisco Bay Area, 65% Inland Empire, 59% Orange/San Diego, 58% Central Valley). Majorities across racial/ethnic groups are also in favor, with Latinos (82%), Asian Americans (67%), and African Americans (65%) more likely than whites (53%) to support this approach. Among those who express approval of President Trump, 27 percent favor state and local action to protect the rights of undocumented immigrants (69% oppose). “Do you favor or oppose the California state and local governments m aking their own policies and taking actions, separate from the federal government, to protect the legal rights of undocumented immigrants in California?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 65% 80% 27% 59% 58% Oppose 32 17 69 38 39 Don’t know 3 3 3 3 2 An overwhelming majority of Californians (85%) say there should be a way for undocumented immigrants to stay in the United States legally if certain requirements are met —only 13 percent say they should not be allowed to stay in this country legally. This is consistent with PPIC surveys over the past year. Strong majorities across parties say undocumented immigrants should be allowed to stay, including 93 percent of Democrats and 65 perce nt of Republicans. Ninety-four percent of Latinos agree, as do overwhelming majorities of African Americans (87%), whites (81%), and Asian Americans (79%). At least three in four across regions and age, education, and income groups say the same. Among thos e who say they voted for Donald Trump, 61 percent say undocumented immigrants should be allowed to stay, and 34 percent say they should not. “Which comes closer to your view about how to handle undocumented immigrants who are living in the US? There should be a way for them to stay in the country legally, if certain requirements are met , or they should not be allowed to stay in this country legally ?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Allowed to stay legally 85% 93% 65% 84% 83% Not allowed to stay legally 13 6 33 13 15 Don’t know 2 1 3 3 2 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 11 Health Care Policy On the day of his inauguration , President Trump signed an executive order aimed at weakening the Affordable Care Act (ACA) pending its potential repeal. About half of Californians (51%) have a generally favorable opinion of the 2010 health reform law, while 39% percent have a generally unfavorable opinion. Opinions about the law were similar in December 2015 (51% favorable, 42% unfavorable ), thoug h fewer than half viewed the law favorably in PPIC Statewide Surveys from December 2013 to December 2014. Californians are somewhat more likely to have a favorable view of the health reform law than adults nationwide (43% favorable, 46% unfavorable), according to a December Kaiser Family Foundation survey. There are stark partisan differences on this issue : three in four Democrats (77%) have a favorable opinion of the 2010 health reform law , while three in four Republicans (74%) view it unfavorably. Indepen dents are more divided, though they are more likely to view the law favorably (50%) than unfavorably (40%). About half of Californians with health insurance (52%) and without health insurance (48%) have a favorable opinion of the law. Majorities across racial/ethnic groups, with the exception of whites (44%), have a generally favorable opinion of the law. “As you may know, a health reform bill was signed into law in 2010. Given what you know about the health reform law, do you have a generally favorable o r generally unfavorable opinion of it?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favorable 51% 77% 17% 50% 53% Unfavorable 39 17 74 40 40 Don’t know 9 7 9 11 7 A slight majority of Californians (53% adults, 54% likely voters) oppose repealing the ACA. A quarter of Californians say Congress should wait to repeal until details of a replacement plan are announced , while 16 percent favor immediate repeal of the law. Adults nationwide are slightly more likely than Californians to favor repeal ing the law (49% to 42%), according to the Kaiser Family Foundation survey. Majorities of Democrats (78%) and independents (57%) oppose repealing the ACA, but an overwhelming majority of Republicans (80%) favor a repeal. However, half of Republicans (51%) think a repeal should occur after a replacement is announced only 29 percent favor an immediate repeal. Across regions, majorities in the San Francisco Bay Area (59%), Orange/San Diego (59%) , and Los Angeles (56%) say Congress should not repeal the law. Slight majorities in the Central Valley (51%) and Inland Empire (52%) support a repeal. Among those who approve of President Trump, 30 percent favor an immediate repeal , and 43 percent favor a repeal once a replace ment is announced. “Do you think Congress should vote to repeal the 2010 health care law, or should they not vote to repeal it? (If yes : should lawmakers vote to repeal the law immediately and work out the details of a replacement plan later or should lawmakers wait to vote to repeal the law until the details of a replacement plan have been announced? )” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Yes, repeal and work out details of replacement plan later 16% 8% 29% 15% 16% Yes, repeal but wait until details of a replacement plan are announced 26 12 51 25 27 No, should not vote to repeal 53 78 17 57 54 Don’t know 4 2 3 3 3 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 12 Climate Change With the Trump a dministration expected to set a new direction for federal climate change policy, California and the federal government are likely to diverge further on this issue over the next several years. Today, a strong majority of Californians (65%) say global climate change is a major threat to the well- being of the United States (20% minor threat, 12% not a threat). Adults nationwide in a January Pew Research Center survey were much less likely to say that global climate change is a major threat (52% major, 32% minor, 14% not a threat). In our survey, Democrats (82%) are far more likely than independents (62%) or Republicans (27%) to say climate change is a major threat, with about three in ten Republicans (31%) saying it is not a threat. M ajorities across regions a s well as racial/ethnic and age groups say climate change is a major threat . Across regions, San Francisco Bay Area (73%) and Los Angeles (70%) residents are the most likely to say so. Whites (57%) are les s likely to hold this view than other racial/ethnic groups (65% African Americans, 74% Asian Americans, 74% Latinos). The likelihood of saying climate change is a major threat declines with increasing age (73% 18 –34, 65% 35 –54, 59% 55 and older) . “Do you think that global climate c hange is a major threat, a minor threat , or not a threat to the well-being of the United States?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Major threat 65% 82% 27% 62% 60% Minor threat 20 10 40 24 21 Not a threat 12 6 31 12 16 Don’t know 3 1 3 2 2 Solid majorities of California adults (63%) and likely voters (60%) say they favor the state government making its own policies — separate from the federal government —to address the issue of global warming. Findings were similar last July (67% adults, 65% likely voters), and majorities have been in favor since we first asked this question in 2005. Today, there are wide partisan differences, with solid majorities of Democrats (77%) and independents (64%) in favor and a solid majority of Republicans opposed (67%). Support among Republicans has dropped 19 points since last July . “Do you favor or oppose the California state government making its own policies, sep arate from the federal government, to address the issue of global warming? ” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 63% 77% 30% 64% 60% Oppose 33 19 67 33 37 Don’t know 4 4 3 2 3 0 25 50 75 100 2005 200720092011201320152017 Percent DemRepInd Support for California making its own policies to address global warming PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 13 Majorities across regions are in favor of the state making its own climate change policy, with Central Valley residents (53%) less likely than others to be in favor (61% Inland Empire, 63% Orange/San Diego, 66% Los Angeles, 69% San Francisco Bay Area). Asian Americans (70%) and Latinos (68%) are more likely than African Americans (58%) or whites (57%) to be in favor. Abortion As Congress considers President Trump’s Supreme Court nominee, abortion policy is one of the central issues to the debate . When asked which statement comes closest to their own view, Californians are far more likely to say the government should not interfere with a woman’s access to abortion (71%) than to say the government should pass more laws to restrict the availability of abortion (27%). Since 2011, about seven in ten Californians have said the government should not interfere with access. A solid majority have held this view since we first asked this question in 2000 . Today, majorities across parties say the government should not interfere, with Democrats (87%) more likely than independents (75%) or Republicans (60%) to say so. Majorities across racial/ethnic groups agree, with Latinos (60%) less likely to say so than others (78% whites, 77% African Americans, 75% Asian Americans). Two in three men (67%) say the government should not interfere, and women are slightly more likely to hold this view (74%). At least six in ten Californians across age, education, and income groups say the government should not interfere. “Which of the following statements comes closest to your own view, even if neither is exactly right? The government should pass more laws that restrict the availability of abortion; or the government should not interfere with a woman’s access to abortion?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Government should pass more laws 27% 13% 36% 23% 22% Government should not interfere with access 71 87 60 75 76 Don’t know 2 1 3 2 2 In 1973, the Supreme Court’s decision in Roe v. Wade established a woman’s constitutional right to an abortion . Today, 71 percent of Californians say they do not want to see that decision completely overturned (25% say overturn). In our surveys since 2005, at least 65 percent have said the same. Today, majorities across parties do not want Roe v. Wade completely overturned, with Democrats (87%) and independents (73%) much more likely than Republicans (59%) to say so. The likelihood of ag reeing rises with higher education and income levels, though solid majorities across education and income groups agree. Majorities across racial/ethnic groups do not want it overturned , with Latinos (62%) being the least likely. In a December Pew Research Center poll, adults nationwide (69% do not overturn, 28% overturn) had similar opinions to Californians in our survey . “In 1973, the Roe v. Wade decision established a woman’s constitutional right to an abortion, at least in the first three months of pregn ancy. Would you like to see the Supreme Court completely overturn the Roe v. Wade decision, or not? ” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Yes, overturn 25% 11% 37% 25% 21% No, not overturn 71 87 59 73 77 Don’t know 4 2 3 1 2 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 14 Among Californians who say they voted for Donald Trump, slight majorities say they do not want to see Roe v. Wade completely overturned (55%) and that the government should not interfere with access to abortion (52%). Supreme Court President Trump’s nomination of Neil Gorsuch follows a year- long vacancy on the Supreme Court, which changed the makeup of the court. Today, majorities of California adults (57%) and likely voters (53%) approve of the way the Supreme Court is handling its job. Californians are more likely to approve of the Supreme Court (57%) than of President Trump (30%) or the US Congress (33%). Independents (61%) are the most likely to approve of the Supreme Court, followed by Democrats (54%) and Republicans (49%). Approval is somewhat higher than it was last May (45%), with both independents and Republicans more likely to approve of the court today than they were last year (48% and 33%). Today, at least half approve across regions and age, education, and income groups. Asian Americans (67 %) are the most likely to express approval, followed by Latinos (60%), whites (54%), and African Americans (46%). “Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Supreme Court is handling its job?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Approve 57% 54% 49% 61% 53% Disapprove 32 34 44 29 36 Don’t know 11 12 7 10 10 When asked if the current Supreme Court is too liberal, too conservative, or just about right, pluralities of California ns say it is just about right (47% adults, 43% likely voters ). Californians are about as likely to say the court is too liberal as they are to say it is too conservative. Across parties, pluralities of Democrats (47%) and independents (37%) say the court is just about right, while a plurality of Repub licans (48%) say it is too liberal. Asian Americans (59%) are the most likely to say the ideology of the current Supreme Court is about right, followed by Latinos (51%), whites (43%) , and African Americans (39%). Across regions and age, education, and income groups, the most common response is that the current court is just about right. Among the majority of Californians who do not want to see the Supreme Court completely overturn its decision in Roe v. Wade , 51 percent say the ideology of the current court is just about right (27% too conservative, 14% too liberal). Among those who say they voted for Donald Trump, 51 percent say the court is too liberal. “In general, do you think the current Supreme Court is too liberal, too conservative, or just about right? ” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Too liberal 20% 8% 48% 23% 22% Too conservative 24 36 8 31 27 Just about right 47 47 37 37 43 Don’t know 8 9 7 9 8 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 15 State Government Key Findings  Approval of Governor Brown (62 %) is at a record high, the state legislature ’s approval rating (57%) is at its high est point since 2001 , and a record -high 66 percent think the governor and legislature will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year . (page 16, 17)  Most Californians (58 %) think the state is heading in the right direction , and 53 percent expect good economic times in California in the next 12 months . (page 18)  A plurality of Californians (44 %) say K –12 education should be the state’s highest spending priority. Notably, f ew residents (16%) know that K –12 education is already the top area of state spending. (page 19)  About half of adults (52%) and likely voters (49 %)— divided along party lines —prefer to pay higher taxes for a state government that provides more services. (page 19)  A record -low share of Californians (37%) think the state budget situati on is a big problem. When read a summary of the governor’s proposed 2017 –18 budget, f ewer than half of adults (47%) and likely voters (43%) are in favor. Four in ten adults a nd likely voters favor the governor’s transportation infrastructure funding plan. (page 20)  An o verwhelming majorit y of Californians say spending on surface transportation is important for the state’s future. Half of adults prefer using existing funds mor e wisely to improve the state’s roads. At least s ix in ten adults and likely voters would vote yes on a state bond measure to fund surface transportation . About half would vote for a local sales tax increase for local transportation projects —a two -thirds majority is needed to pass this type of measure . (page 21) 62 57 0 20 40 60 80 Jan-12 Jan-13Jan-14Jan-15Jan-16Jan-17 Percent all adults Governor Brown California Legislature Approval ratings of state elected officials 68 2050 26 77 46 0 20 40 60 80 100 Dem Rep Ind Percent Higher taxes and more services Lower taxes and fewer services Preferencefor the size of state government 37 0 20 40 60 80 100 Percent all adults Perception that the state budget situation is a big problem PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 16 Approval Ratings of State Elected Officials As Jerry Brown begins the third year of his fourth term as governor of California , 62 percent of adults and 6 2 percent of likely voters approve of the way that he is handling his job , a record high in PPIC Statewide Surveys. The governor’s approval rating was similar in December (57% adults, 59% likely voters) and last January (58% adults, 60% likely voters). T oday, majorities of Democrats (82%) and i ndependents (57%) and far fewer Republicans (2 5% ) approve of the governor . Majorities across major regions approve , and Latinos (7 3% ) are more likely than Asian Americans (64%), African Americans (63%), and whites (55%) to approve . “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California?” Approve Disapprove Don’t know All adults 62% 24% 13% Likely voters 62 31 7 Party Democrats 82 9 9 Republicans 25 66 8 Independents 57 30 14 Region Central Valley 56 32 12 San Francisco Bay Area 73 18 9 Los Angeles 65 17 18 Orange/San Diego 60 28 11 Inland Empire 54 30 16 At the start of the 2017 –18 session, 5 7 percent of adults and 5 0 percent of likely voters approve of the way the California Legislature is handling its job. Approval of the state legislature was somewhat lower in December (49% adults, 45% likely voters) and last January (46% adults, 41% likely voters). Today, majorities of Democrats (7 1% ) and independents (52 %) say they approve, while fewer Republicans (20%) hold this view. Half or more across the state’s major regions approve of the legislature. Latinos (6 7% ) and Asian Americans (6 3% ) are more likely than African Americans (50%) and whites (49%) to approve . “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job?” Approve Disapprove Don’t know All adults 57% 30% 13% Likely voters 50 38 11 Party Democrats 71 18 12 Republicans 20 75 6 Independents 52 34 15 Region Central Valley 50 37 13 San Francisco Bay Area 69 22 10 Los Angeles 59 25 15 Orange/San Diego 51 35 13 Inland Empire 50 36 14 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 17 Top Issues, Prospect of State Leaders Working Together in 2017 Californians name jobs and the economy (1 4% adults, 1 3% likely voters), immigration (1 4% adults, 1 3% likely voters) , and education and schools (11% adults, 10% likely voters) as the most important issues for the governor and legislature to work on in 201 7. Other top issues are health care and health insurance ( 7 % adults, 8% likely voters) and water and the drought ( 6% adults, 8% likely voters), while t he state budget is the most important issue for 5 percent of all adults and 9 percent of likely voters. Last January, Californians named water and the drought (17% adults, 18% likely voters) and jobs and the economy (16% adults, 19% likely voters) as the most important issues for the governor and legislature to work on. Other top issues mentioned in 2016 included education and schools (9% adults, 9% likely voters), immigration (9% adults, 7% likely voters), and the state budget (4% adults, 5% likely voters). Across the state’s regions, Central Valley residents are the most likel y to mention water and the drought as the most important issue . There are partisan differences in mentioning education and schools (1 4% Democrat, 5% Republican) but not in the naming of jobs and the economy or immigration . There are differences across racial/ethnic groups in mention s of jobs and the economy (2 2% African American s, 15 % Asian American s, 1 4% Latino s, 1 1% white) and immigration (21 % Latino s, 1 1% white s, 10% Asian American s, 9 % African American s). “Which one issue facing California today do you think is the most important for the governor and state legislature to work on in 201 7?” Top 5 issues All adults Region Likely voters Central Valley San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Jobs, economy 14% 13% 10% 16% 17% 10% 13% Immigration, illegal immigration 14 14 14 14 15 11 13 Education, schools, teachers 11 6 11 11 14 14 10 Healthcare, health insurance 7 8 10 7 6 6 8 Water, drought 6 12 6 4 3 2 8 Following the November election in which Democrats secured a two -thirds majority in both chambers, a record -high 66 percent of adults and 6 4 percent of likely voters say they think that Governor Brown and the state legislature will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year. F ewer Californians held this view in January 2016 (57% adults, 53% likely voters), January 2015 (59% adults, 52% likely voters), January 2014 (57% adults, 51% likely voters), January 2013 (57% adults, 51% likely voters), and January 2012 (44% adults, 32% likely voters). When Governor Brown entered office in January 2011, 58 percent of adults and 52 percent of likely voters held this view . Today, majorities of Democrats (7 4% ) and independents (59 %) and fewer Republicans (44 %) hold this view. Majorities across region al, age, income , education, and racial/ethnic groups have this positive outlook on 2017. “Do you think that Governor Brown and the state legislature will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year, or not?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Yes, will be able to 66% 74% 44% 59% 64% No, will not be able to 22 15 47 25 25 Don’t know 11 11 9 16 12 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 18 State of the State Fifty-eight percent of adults and likely voters say that things in California are generally going in the right direction. California adults (but not likely voters) were similarly positive in October (54% adults, 50% likely voters) and last January (54% adults, 49% likely voters) . Today, majorities of Democrats ( 78 %) and independents (5 5% ) and f ar fewer Republicans (2 1% ) say that things ar e going in the right direction. Majorities in the coastal regions have this perception . Asian Americans (69%) and Latinos (6 4% ) are more likely than whites (5 1% ) and African Americans (4 9% ) to hold this view. “Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?” Right direction Wrong direction Don’t know All adults 58% 35% 7% Likely voters 58 38 4 Party Democrats 78 19 3 Republicans 21 77 3 Independents 55 37 8 Region Central Valley 49 42 9 San Francisco Bay Area 70 25 4 Los Angeles 64 29 7 Orange/San Diego 55 38 7 Inland Empire 45 43 11 Fifty-three percent of adults and 5 1 percent of likely voters say the state will have good times financially in the next 12 months. Slightly f ewer Californians expected good economic times in October (47% adults, 46% likely voters ) and last January (49% adults, 44% l ikely voters). Today, majorities of Democrats (5 7% ) and independents (5 4% ) and fewer Republicans (4 5% ) are optimistic. With the exception of the Central Valley, majorities across regions think that good times are ahead. Latinos (60%) and Asian Americans (5 9% ) are more likely than whites (4 9% ) and African Americans (4 1% ) to expect good times. “Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times?” Good times Bad times Don’t know All adults 53% 35% 12% Likely voters 51 34 15 Party Democrats 57 31 13 Republicans 45 42 13 Independents 54 33 13 Region Central Valley 45 42 12 San Francisco Bay Area 54 34 12 Los Angeles 56 31 13 Orange/San Diego 54 34 11 Inland Empire 63 33 4 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 19 State Spending Governor Brown has recently proposed a 2017 –18 state budget that includes approximately $122.5 billion in General Fund expenditures with nine in ten dollars allocated for K–12 public education (42.6%, $ 52.2 billion), health and human services (27.7 %, $34.0 billion), higher education (11.9%, $14.6 billion), and corrections and rehabilitation (9.0%, $11.1 billion). When asked to identify the largest area of state spending, few Californians correctly name K –12 public education (16% adults, 1 7% likely voters) and a plurality incorrectly name corrections and prisons (39 % adults, 3 6% likely voters). In our January surveys since 2010, we have seen similar patterns of correct and incorrect responses. Today, Democrats are much more likely to incorrect ly name prisons and corrections as the largest spending area ( 46%) than are Republicans (31%) and independents (3 1% ). “I'm going to name some of the largest areas for state spending. Please tell me the one that represents the most spending in the state budget.” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Prisons and corrections 39% 46% 31% 31% 36% Health and human services 28 21 35 40 31 K–12 public education 16 16 20 13 17 Higher education 12 12 8 12 8 Don't know 5 5 6 4 7 About half of Californians (4 4% adults, 49% likely voters) think that K –12 public education should have the highest priority when it comes to state government spending. Fewer Californians choose health and human services, higher education, or prisons and corrections. About half of Democrats (47 %) and Republicans (4 8% ), and 42 percent of independents , say that K –12 public education should be the top priority. K –12 public education was also named as the top priority for state spending last January (49% adults, 54% likely voters) and in January 2015 (53% adults, 57% likely voters). “Thinking about these four areas of state spending, I'd like you to name the one you think should have the highest pri ority when it comes to state government spending.” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind K–12 public education 44% 47% 48% 42% 49% Health and human services 30 30 26 32 28 Higher education 19 18 15 18 15 Prisons and corrections 4 3 8 5 5 Don’t know 2 2 2 3 3 About half of adults (5 2% ) and likely voters (4 9% ) say they would rather pay higher taxes and have a state government that provides more services than pay lower taxes and have fewer services provided (43% adults, 47% likely voters) . In December 2015, a similar proportion of Californians (48% adults, 45% likely voters) said they would rather pay higher taxes and have more services. Today, Democrats (68% ) are much more likely than independents (50 %) and Republicans ( 20%) to hold this view . The preference for higher taxes and more services is slightly more common in the San Francisco Bay Area (57 %) than in other regions , among those under 35 (58 %) than among older residents , and among African Americans (67%), Latinos (58 %), and A sian Americans (58 %) than among whites (4 6% ). PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 20 State Budget In his January 10 unveiling of the 2017 –18 proposed state budget, Governor Brown estimated a $1.6 billion deficit for the state. Yet , today only 37 percent of Californians say the budget situation is a big problem —a record low since we first began asking this question in 2006. Across parties, a majority of Republicans (61%) say the budget situation is a big problem , while fewer independents (37%) and Democrats (26%) say the same. Governor Brown’s budget proposal calls f or slowing spending growth in K –14 education and other areas and includes modest increases in spending in the largest areas of the state budget. It also includes about $1.1 billion for the state’s rainy day fund. After being read a short description, 47 percent of adults and 43 percent of likely voters favor the governor’s budget plan. Half of Democrats (51%) are in favor, while independents (39%) and Republicans ( 34%) are less likely to favor the governor’s budget proposal. With the exception of the San Francisco Bay Area (52% favor), fewer than half of Californians across regions favor the proposed budget. Across racial/ethnic groups, Asian Americans (55%) and Latinos (53%) are more likely than whites (41%) and African Americans (36%) to favor the governor’s budget plan. “In general, do you favor or oppose the governor’s budget plan?” * All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 47% 51% 34% 39% 43% Oppose 44 39 60 49 49 Don't know/have not heard anything about the budget 9 10 6 12 8 *For complete question text, see p. 26. Governor Brown has proposed about $43 billion of additional spending over t he next 10 years to address a multibillion -dollar shortfall in infrastructure improvement funds . The new funding would come from a $65 fee on all vehicles, an increase in the state’s gasoline and diesel tax es, and cap -and - trade revenues. After hearing a brief description of the governor’s infrastructure funding proposal, about four in ten Californians (4 1% adults, 43% likely voters ) favor the plan. A slight majority of Democrats (53%) are in favor, while independents are more divided (46% favor, 48% oppose) and most Republicans oppose the proposal (19% favor, 78% oppose) . Regionally, support of the governor’s infrastructure proposal is highest in the San Francisco Bay Area (52%), followed by Los Angeles and Orange/San Diego (42% e ach), the Central Valley (37%), and the Inland Empire (33%). Support for the governor’s proposal falls short of a majority across all demographic groups, with the exception of Asian Americans (60%) and college graduates (54%). “To address a multibillion-dollar shortfall in California infrastructure improvements, Governor Brown has proposed about $43 billion of additional spending for state and local transportation projects over the next 10 years with a focus on repair and maintenance of roads, highways, and bridges and also public transit … In general, do you favor or oppose this proposal?” * All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 41% 53% 19% 46% 43% Oppose 54 42 78 48 53 Don't know 5 5 3 5 4 *For complete question text, see p. 26. PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 21 Transportation Funding Solid majorities of adults (61%) and likely voters (68%) think that spending more money on the maintenance of the state’s roads is very important for the future of California. Findings were similar in March 2016 ( 62 % adults, 68% likely voters said very important ). Today, m ajorities across regions and t wo -thirds of Democrats (65%), Republicans (67%), and independents (66%) say spending more on the maintenance of surface transportation is very important to California’s future. Californians 55 and older (70%) are more likely than younger residents (55% 18 –34, 59% 35 –54) to say spending on maintenance is very important. Notably, Californians who favor Governor Brown’s infrastructure spending plan are more likely to say spending on the maintenance of surface transportation is very important than are those who oppose the plan (69% to 56%) . “Thinking ahead, how important is spending more money on the maintenance of California’s roads, highways, and bridges for the future quality of life and economic vitality of California?” All adults Region Likely voters Central Valley San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Very important 61% 70% 62% 61% 55% 58% 68% Somewhat important 32 25 34 32 36 33 27 Not too important 5 3 4 5 7 7 3 Not at all important 1 1 – 1 2 2 2 Don't know – – – 1 1 – – When asked what is needed to significantly improve the quality of California’s roads, about half of ad ults (51%) and likely voters (52 %) say wiser use of existing funds is needed. An additional four in ten say wiser use of existing funds and an increase in the amount of state funding is needed. Few adults (7%) and likely voters (4%) prefer increased funding alone to significantly improve California’s roads and surface transportation . Across parties, majorities of Republicans (72%) and independents (56%) say wiser use alone is needed , while fewer Democrats (41%) say the same. Majorities in the Inland Empire (59%), Central Valley (56%), and Orange/San Diego (5 4%) say only wiser use of existing funds is needed , while fewer in the San Francisco Bay Area (44 %) and Los Angeles (4 8% ) hold this view. “To significantly improve the quality of California’s roads and surface transportation , which of the following statem ents do you agree with the most?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Use existing funds more wisely 51% 41% 72% 56% 52% Increase the amount of state funding 7 6 4 8 4 Use funds more wisely and increase the amount of state funding 40 49 24 34 41 Don't know 2 4 – 2 2 A majority of adults (65%) and likely voters (60%) would vote yes on a state bond measure to pay for surface transportation projects. Another potential revenue source for transportation is a local sales tax increase, which requires a two -thirds majority to pass. However, only about half of Californians (50 % adults , 53% likely voters ) would vote yes on a local sales tax increase . F ewer than half of Californians ( 47 % adults, 41% likely voters ) would favor a measure to replace the two -thirds vote requirement with a 55 percent majority for voters to pass local sales taxes to pay for roads and surface transportation . PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 22 Regional Map PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 23 Methodology The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, president and CEO and survey director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with assistance from associate survey director Dean Bonner, project manager for this survey, and survey research a ssociates David Kordus and Lunna Lopes. The Californians and Their Government series is supported with funding from the James Irvine Foundation and the PPIC Donor Circle . The PPIC Statewide Survey invites input, comments, and suggestions from policy and pu blic opinion experts and from its own advisory committee, but survey methods, questions, and content are determined solely by PPIC’s survey team. Findings in this report are based on a survey of 1,70 2 California adult residents, including 68 1 interviewed o n landline telephones and 1,02 1 interviewed on cell phones. Interviews took an average of 21 minutes to complete. Interviewing took place on weekend days and weekday nights from January 22– 31, 201 7. Landline interviews were conducted using a computer- generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted numbers were called. All landline telephone exchanges in California were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as six times to increase the likelihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Cell phone interviews were co nducted using a computer-generated random sample of cell phone numbers. All cell phone numbers with California area codes were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as eight times to increase the likelihood of reachin g an eligible respondent. Once a cell phone user was reached, it was verified that this person was age 18 or older, a resident of California, and in a safe place to continue the survey (e.g., not driving). Cell phone respondents were offered a small reim bursement to help defray the cost of the call. Cell phone interviews were conducted with adults who have cell phone service only and with those who have both cell phone and landline service in the household. Live landline and cell phone interviews were co nducted by Abt SRBI, Inc., in English and Spanish, according to respondents’ preferences. Accent on Languages, Inc., translated new survey questions into Spanish, with assistance from Renatta DeFever. Abt SRBI uses the US Census Bureau’s 201 1– 201 5 American Community Survey’s (ACS) Public Use Microdata Series for California (with regional coding information from the University of Minnesota’s Integrated Public Use Microdata Series for California) to compare certain demographic characteristics of the survey sa mple—region, age, gender, race/ethnicity, and education —with the characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the ACS figures. To estimate landline and cell phone service in California, Abt SRBI used 2015 st ate -level estimates released by the National Center for Health Statistics —which used data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the ACS —and 201 6 estimates for the West Census Region in the latest NHIS report. The estimates for California were then compared against landline and cell phone service reported in this survey. We also used voter registration data from the California Secretary of State to compare the party registration of registered voters in our sample to party registration statewide. The landline and cell phone samples were then integrated using a frame integration weight, while sample balancing adjusted for differences across regional, age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, telephone service, and party registration groups. The sampling error, taking design effects from weighting into consideration, is ±3. 3 percent at the 95 percent confidence level for the total unweighted sample of 1, 702 adults. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 3. 3 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 24 were interviewed. The sampling error for unweighted subgroups is larger: for the 1, 428 registered v oters, th e sampling error is ±3.6 percent; for the 1, 107 likely voters, it is ±4. 1 percent. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. W e present results for five geographic regions, accounting for approximately 90 percent of the state population. “Central Valley” includes Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanisl aus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “San Francisco Bay Area” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, “Inland Empire” refe rs to Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, and “Orange/San Diego” refers to Orange and San Diego Counties. Residents of other geographic areas are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, and likely voters, but sample sizes for these less populous areas are not large enough to report separately. We present specific results for non -Hispanic whites, who account for 43 percent of the state’s adult population, and also for Latinos, who account for about a third of the state’s adult population and constitute one of the fastest- growing voter groups. We also present results for non -Hispanic Asian American s, who make up about 15 percent of the state’s adult pop ulation, and non-Hispanic African Americans , who comprise about 6 percent. Re sults for other racial/ethnic groups—such as Native Americans —are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, and likely voters, but sample sizes are not large enough for separate analysis. We compare the opinions of those who report they are registered Democrats, registered Republicans, and decline -to -state or independent voters; the results for those who say they are registered to vote in other parties are not large enough for separate analysis. We also analyze the responses of lik ely voters—so designated per their responses to survey questions about voter registration, previous election participation, and current interest in politics. The percentages presented in the report tables and in the questionnaire may not add to 100 due to rounding. We compare current PPIC Statewide Survey results to those in our earlier surveys and to those in national surveys by ABC News/Washington Post , Kaiser Family Foundation, Gallup, and the Pew Research Center . Additional details about our methodo logy can be found at www.ppic.org/content/other/SurveyMethodology.pdf and are available upon request through surveys@ppic.org . PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 25 Questionnaire and Results CALIFORNIANS AND THE IR GOVERNMENT January 22–31, 2017 1,702 California Adult Residents : English, Spanish MARGIN OF ERROR ±3.3 % AT 95% CONFIDENCE LEVEL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE PERCENTAGES MAY NOT ADD TO 100 D UE TO ROUNDING First, which one issue facing California today do you think is the most important for the governor and the state legislature to work on in 201 7? [code, don’t read] 14% immigration, illegal immigration 14 jobs, economy 11 education, schools, teachers 7 health care, health insurance 6 water, drought 5 environment, pollution, global warming 5 state budget, deficit, taxes 4 government in general, problems with elected officials, parties 3 crime, gangs, drugs 3 infrastructure 2 abortion 2 guns, gun control 2 homelessness 2 housing costs, availability 9 other (specify) 11 don’t know Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling hi s job as governor of California? 62% approve 24 disapprove 13 don’t know Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? 57% approve 30 disapprove 13 don’t know Do you think that Governor Brown and the state legislature will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the next year, or not? 66% yes, will be able to work together 22 no, will not be able to work together 11 don’t know Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wro ng direction? 58% right direction 35 wrong direction 7 don’t know Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? 53% good times 35 bad times 12 don’t know I’m going to name some of the largest areas for state spending. Please tell me the one that represents the most spending in the state budget. [rotate] (1) K–12 public education, (2) higher education, (3 ) health and human services, [or] ( 4 ) prisons and corrections. 16% K– 12 public education 12 higher education 28 health and human services 39 prisons and corrections 5 don’t know PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 26 Thinking about these four areas of state spending, I’d like you to name the one you think should have the highest priority when it comes to state government spending, [rotate in same order as Q7] (1) K –12 public education, (2) higher education, (3 ) health and human services, [or] ( 4 ) prisons and corrections. 44% K– 12 public education 19 higher education 30 health and human services 4 prisons and corrections 2 don’t know Thinking ahead, how important is spending more money on the maintenance of California’s roads, highways, and bridges for the future quality of life and economic vitality of California —is it very important, somewhat important, not too important , or not at all important? 61% very important 32 somewhat important 5 not too important 1 not at all important – don’t know Do you think the state budget situation in California —that is, the balance between government spending and revenues —is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem for the people of California today? 37% big problem 45 somewhat of a problem 13 not a problem 5 don’t know In general, which of the following statements do you agree with more— [rotate] (1) I’d rather pay higher taxes and have a state government that provides more services, [or] (2) I’d rather pay lower taxes and have a state government that provides fewer services? 52% higher taxes and more services 43 lower taxes and fewer services 5 don’t know On another topic, the state government has a budget of about $123 billion and is projected to have a deficit of $1.6 billion in the upcoming fiscal year. Governor Brown recently proposed a budget plan to close this def icit by slowing spending growth in K–14 education and in other areas and eliminating some planned one-time spending. It includes modest increases in the largest areas of the state budget such as K –14 and higher education, health and human services, and prisons and corrections and about $1.1 billion for the state’s rainy day fund. In general, do you favor or oppose the governor’s budget plan? 47% favor 44 oppose 4 haven’t heard anything about the budget (volunteered) 5 don’t know To address a multi billion -dollar shortfall in California infrastructure improvements, Governor Brown has proposed about $43 billion of additional spending for state and local transportation projects over the next 10 years with a focus on repair and maintenance of roads, highwa ys, and bridges and also public transit. The new funding would come from a $65 fee on all vehicles and by increasing the state’s gasoline excise tax to 21.5 cents with annual adjustments for inflation, an 11 cent increase in the diesel excise tax, and c ap - and -trade revenues. In general, do you favor or oppose this proposal? 41% favor 54 oppose 5 don’t know Next, please tell me if you would vote yes or no on each of the following proposals to increase state and local funding for surface transportation projects in California. [rotate questions 14 and 15 ] PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 27 If the state ballot had a bond measure to pay for roads and surface transportation projects in Calif ornia, would you vote yes or no? 65% yes 31 no 4 don’t know If your local ballot had a measure to inc rease the local sales tax to pay for roads and surface transportation projects in your part of California, would you vote yes or no? 50% yes 48 no 2 don’t know As you may know, the California state constitution requires a two -thirds vote at the ballot box to pass any local special taxes. If the state ballot had a measure to replace the two-thirds vote requirement with a 55 percent majority vote for voters to pass local sales taxes to pay for roads and surface transportation projects, would you vote yes or no? 47% yes 51 no 3 don’t know To significantly improve the quality of California’s roads and surface transportation , which of the following statements do you agree with the most? [ rotate responses 1 and 2 ] (1) We need to use existing state funds more wisely, [or ] (2 ) We need to increase the amount of state funding, [or ] (3 ) We need to use existing state funds more wisely and increase the amount of state funding. 51% use existing funds more wisely 7 increase the amount of state funding 40 use funds more wisely and increase the amount of state funding 2 don’t know On another topic, Overall, do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Donald Trump? Do you feel that way strongly or somewhat? 19% stro ngly favorable 14 somewhat favorable 12 somewhat unfavorable 48 strongly unfavorable 7 don’t know Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Donald Trump is handling his job as president? 30% approve 58 disapprove 12 don’t know How much confidence do you have in President Trump to make the right decisions for the country’s future —a great deal of confidence, a good amount, just some, or none at all? 15% great deal of confidence 13 a good amount 26 just some 45 none at all 2 don’t know Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U S Congress is handling its job? 33% approve 58 disapprove 9 don’t know Do you think that President Trump and the US Congress will be able to work together and accomplish a lot in the nex t year, or not? 50% yes, will be able to work together 44 no, will not be able to work together 6 don’t know Do you think things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 36% right direction 57 wrong direction 7 don’t know PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 28 Turning to economic conditions, do you think that during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially or bad times? 52% good times 39 bad times 8 don’t know As you may know, a health reform bill was signed into law in 2010. Given what you know about the health reform law, do you have a [rotate ] (1) [generally favorable] [or ] (2) [generally unfavorable] opinion of it? [Interviewer note: If respondent asks if th e health reform law refers to the Affordable Care Act or Obamacare, please answer “Yes”] 51% generally favorable 39 generally unfavorable 9 don’t know Now thinking specifically about the 2010 health care law, also known as the Affordable Care Act and sometimes referred to as Obamacare. Do you think Congress should vote to repeal the 2010 health care law, or should they not vote to repeal it? (if yes: [ rotate 1 and 2] (1) should lawmakers vote to repeal the law immediately and work out the details of a replacement plan later [ or ] [2] should lawmakers wait to vote to repeal the law until the details of a replacement plan have been announced?) 16% yes, vote to repeal the law immediately and work out the details of a replacement plan later 26 yes, wait to vote to repeal the law until the details of a replacement plan have been announced 53 no, should not vote to repeal 4 don’t know Next, do you think that global climate change is a major threat, a minor threat , or not a threat to the well -being of the United States? 65% major threat 20 minor threat 12 not a threat 3 don’t know D o you favor or oppose the California state government making its own policies, separate from the federal government, to address the issue of global warming? 63% favor 33 oppose 4 don’t know Changing topics, Which comes closer to your view about how to handle undocumented imm igrants who are living in the US? [rotate ] (1 ) There should be a way for them to stay in the country legally, if certain requirements are met [or ] (2 ) They should not be allowed to stay in this country legally. 85% allowed to stay legally 13 not allowed to stay legally 2 don’t know Do you favor or oppose the California state and local governments making their own policies and taking actions, separate from the federal government, to protect the legal rights of undocumented immigrants in California? 65% favor 32 oppose 3 don’t know On another topic, Which of the following statements comes closest to your own view, even if neither is exactly right [rotate ] (1 ) The government should pass more laws that restrict the availability of abortion; [or ] (2 ) the government should not interfere with a woman’s access to abortion. 27% government should pass more laws 71 government should not interfere with access 2 don’t know PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY JANUARY 2017 PPIC.ORG/SURVEY Californians and Their Government 29 In 1973, the Roe v. Wade decision established a woman’s constitutional right to an abortion, at least in the first three months of pregnancy. Would you like to see the Supreme Court completely overturn the Roe v. Wade decision, or no t? 25% yes, overturn Roe v. Wade 71 no, not overturn Roe v. Wade 4 don’t know On another topic, do you approve or disapprove of the way the Supreme Court is handling its job? 57% approve 32 disapprove 11 don’t know In general, do you think the curren t Supreme Court is too liberal, too conservative, or just about right? 20% too liberal 24 too conservative 47 just about right 8 don’t know Next, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote in California? 70% yes [ask q3 5a] 30 no [skip to q36b] 35a. Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or as an independent? 45% Democrat [ask q36 ] 26 Republican [skip to q36 a] 5 another party (specify) [skip to q37] 25 independent [skip to q36 b] Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 60% strong 39 not very strong 1 don’t know [skip to q 37] 36a. Would you call yourself a strong Republican or not a very strong Republican? 55% strong 43 not very strong 1 don’t know [skip to q37] 36b. Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? 25% Republican Party 47 Democratic Party 20 neither (volunteered) 8 don’t know Would you consider yourself to be politically: [read list, rotate order top to bottom] 14% very liberal 21 somewhat liberal 29 middle -of-the -road 21 somewhat conservative 12 very conservative 3 don’t know Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics? 29% great deal 36 fair amount 28 only a little 7 none 1 don’t know [d1-d1 8 demographic questions] PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ruben Barrales President and CEO GROW Elect Angela Glover Blackwell President and CEO PolicyLink Mollyann Brodie Senior Vice President Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Director B ill Lane Center for the American West Stanford University Jon Cohen Vice President of Survey Research SurveyMonkey Joshua J. Dyck Co-Director Center for Public Opinion University of Massachusetts, Lowell Russell Hancock President and CEO Joint Venture Sil icon Valley Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Professor Sol Price School of Public Policy University of Southern California Robert Lapsley President California Business Roundtable Carol S. Larson President and CEO The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Sonja Petek Fiscal and Policy Analyst California Legislative Analyst’s Office Lisa Pitney Vice President of Government Relations The Walt Disney Company Mindy Romero Founder and Director California Civic Engag ement Project at the UC Davis Center for Regional Change Robert K. Ross, MD President and CEO The California Endowment Most Reverend Jaime Soto Bishop of Sacramento Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento Carol Whiteside Principal California Strategies The PPIC Statewide Survey Advisory Committee is a diverse group of experts who provide advice on survey issues. However, survey methods, questions, content, and timing are determined solely by PPIC. PPIC BOARD OF DIRECTORS Mas Masumoto, Chair Author and Farmer Mark Baldassare President and CEO Public Policy Institute of California Ruben Barrales President and CEO GROW Elect María Blanco Executive Director Undocumented Student Legal Services Center University of California Office of the President Louise Henry Bryson Chair Emerita, Board of Trustees J. Paul Getty Trust A. Marisa Chun Partner McDermott Will & Emery LLP Chet Hewitt President and CEO Sierra Health Foundation Phil Isenberg Former Chair Delta Stewardship Council Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Steven A. Merksamer Senior Partner Nielsen, Merksamer, Parrinello, Gross & Leoni, LLP Gerald L. Parsky Chairman Aurora Capital Group Kim Polese Chairman ClearStreet, Inc. Gaddi H. Vasquez Senior Vice President, Government Affairs Edison International Southern California Edison Public Policy Institute of California 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, CA 94111 T: 415.291.4400 F: 415.291.4401 PPIC.ORG PPIC Sacramento Center Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, C A 95814 T: 916.440.1120 F: 916.440.1121" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:43:17" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(8) "s_117mbs" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:43:17" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:43:17" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["guid"]=> string(50) "http://148.62.4.17/wp-content/uploads/S_117MBS.pdf" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_mime_type"]=> string(15) "application/pdf" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" ["status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["attachment_authors"]=> bool(false) }