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object(Timber\Post)#3742 (44) { ["ImageClass"]=> string(12) "Timber\Image" ["PostClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Post" ["TermClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Term" ["object_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["custom"]=> array(5) { ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(12) "S_514MBS.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "671101" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(94114) "CONTENTS About the Survey 2 Press Release 3 State Government 6 Federal Government 16 Regional Map 24 Methodology 25 Questionnaire and Results 27 their government M AY 2 0 1 4 & P P I C S TAT E W I D E S U R V E Y Californians Mark Baldassare Dean Bonner Sonja Petek Jui Shrestha i T ABOUT THE SURVEY The PPIC Statewide Sur vey provides policymakers, the media, and the public with objective, advocacy- free information on the perceptions, opinions, and public policy preferences of California residents. This is the 142nd PPIC Statewide Sur vey in a series that was inaugurated in April 1998 and has generated a database of responses from more than 297,000 Californians. This is the 62nd in the Californians and Their Government series. The survey is conducted periodically to examine the social, economic, and political trends that influence public policy preferences and ballot choices. Suppor ted with funding from The James Ir vine Foundation, the series seeks to inform decisionmakers, raise public awareness, and stimulate policy discussions and debate about impor tant state and national issues. This sur vey was conducted in the midst of an ongoing drought emergency , in the wake of the suspension of three Democratic state senators accused of wrongdoing , and just weeks before the June primar y. During our inter view period, Governor Brown, who is seeking an unprecedented four th term, released a revised state budget propo sal for 2014–15. T he governor and legislature held a special session to discuss changes to the state’s rainy day fund. Just before our sur vey, t hey agreed upon a proposal that would replace an existing rainy day proposal on the November 2014 ballot. At the national level, the deadline to sign up for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act passed, and enrollment exceeded eight million nationally —including more than three million in California . A government repor t on climate change highlight ing the detrimental effects of climate change across the nation was released just before we began inter viewing . And national energy policy remains a highly contentious issue in Congress . The sur vey presents the responses of 1,702 a dult residents throughout California, inter viewed in English or Spanish by landline or cell phone. It includes findings on the following topics:  State government, including approval ratings of elected officials; overall mood; perceptions of fiscal issues; preferences for raising new revenues ; perceptions of the state budget , including views on reducing debt and building the reser ve instead of restoring social ser vice cuts ; opinions on the g overnor’s revised budget and rainy day fund proposal s; views on regional water supply, attention to news about the drought emergency , and degree of water use reduction; trust in state government; and preferences in the gubernatorial primar y .  Federal government, including approval ratings of elected officials; trust in federal government; opinions on health care reform , including views on the state’s health care exchange; support for fracking and the Keystone XL p ipeline; views on poverty and the government’s role in reducing it; and perceptions of political parties and their leaders .  Time trends, national comparisons, and the extent to which Californians may differ in their perceptions, attitudes, and preferences regarding state and federal government based on political par ty affiliation, likelihood of voting, region of residence, race/ethnicity, and other demographics. This repor t may be downloaded free of charge from our website ( www.ppic.org). If you have questions about the sur vey, please contact sur vey@ppic.org . Tr y our PPIC Statewide Sur vey interactive tools online at http://www.ppic.org/main/sur vAdvancedSearch.asp. May 2014 Californians and Their Government 2 PPIC Statewide Survey The governor continues to lead the primary race among primary likely voters, with 48 percent saying they would vote for him. Far fewer favor R epublicans Tim Donnelly (15%) or Neel Kashkari (10%), although s upport for each has grown slightly since April (Donnelly 9%, Kashkari 2%). About a quarter of likely primary voters (27%) are undecided. Most Democratic primary likely voters (79%) would vote for Brown. Among Republicans, support is somewhat higher for Donnelly (30%) than Kashkari (21%) , but 34 percent are still undecided—down from 58 percent in April . Among independents, 41 percent favor Brown, 35 percent are undecided, and 24 percent would vote for one of the Republican candidates. Half of primary likely voters (53%) are satisfied with their choice of candidates, with Democrats being far more likely to be satisfied (65%) than Republicans (43%). Among independents, 48 percent are satisfied. L ess than half of primary likely voters (46%) say they are following news about the candidates very or fairly closely—a much smaller share than in May 2010 (67%). DEMOCRATIC SCANDALS HAVE LITTLE IMPACT O N VIEWS OF LEGISLATURE In the aftermath of political scandals that resulted in the suspension of three Democratic state senators, 36 percent of likely voters say they approve of the way the California Legislature is handling its job —about the same as in January (33%) and higher than last May (29%). Asked ab out the job performance of their own representatives in the assembly and state senate, 43 percent of likely voters approve, about the same as in January (45%) and up slightly from 38 percent last May. How much do likely voters trust their state government? A majority (61%) say it can be trusted to do what is right only some of the time . Others (11%) volunteer that it can be trusted “none of the time.” Far fewer say state government can be trusted just about always (3%) or most of the time (2 4%). A strong majority says state government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves (68%), while just 24 percent say it is run for the benefit of all the people. This level of distrust is high, but it is about the same as it w as in December (76% can trust government some or none of the time, 71% government run by a few big interests). A slim majority of likely voters (53%) say the state government wastes a lot of taxpayer money, a slight decline since December, when 60 percent of likely voters held this view. “Distrust in government runs high among Californians,” Baldassare said. “In this context, the recent unprecedented suspension of three Democratic state senators has had little to no effect on legislative approval ratings and party perceptions.” The survey asked whether each of the following phrases better describes the Republican Party and its leaders or the Democratic Party and its leaders , and likely voters responded this way:  Governs in a more honest and ethical way? 28 percent choose the Republicans, 46 percent choose the Democrats.  Is more concerned with the needs of people like me? 32 percent choose the Republicans, 51 percent choose the Democrats.  Is more extreme in its positions? 54 percent choose the Republicans, 33 percent choose the Democrats.  Is more influenced by lobbyists and special interests? 42 percent choose the Republicans, 27 percent choose the Democrats , and 25 percent volunteer that this describes both parties . OBAMA JOB APPROVAL HOVERS NEAR HIS RECORD LOW Half of likely voters (50%) approve of the job President Obama is doing, similar to his record low of 4 6 percent in January. Approval of Congress is at 14 percent, up 5 points from the record low of 9 percent in March. In May 2010 before the last midte rm elections, approval was at 26 percent. And 48 percent of likely voters approve of the way their own representative in the U.S. House is handling his or her job. May 2014 Californians and Their Government 4 PPIC Statewide Survey Levels of trust in the federal government are lower than in the state government. An overwh elming majority of California likely voters either say the government in Washington can be trusted to do what is right only some of the time (68%) or volunteer “ none of the time” (11%). A strong majority (67%) say the government wastes a lot of taxpayer money. DROUGHT HITS HOME —MOST SAY THEY’RE USI NG LESS WATER In the midst of a severe drought, 66 percent of Californians say they are following news about it closely. A record -hig h 59 percent say water supply in their area is a big problem (26% somewhat of a problem, 15% not much of a problem). This is a view held by majorities of coastal residents (59%) and inland residents (58%) alike. An overwhelming majority of residents say they are using less water (40% a lot less, 39% a little less) on indoor activities like showers, baths, and washing dishes, while 19 percent say they are not reducing indoor water use. A strong majority are using less water (38% a lot less, 28% a little less) on lawn care and landscaping, while 11 percent say they are not. Another 23 percent say they have no outdoor space or are not responsible for its upkeep. Across regions, Central Valley residents are the most likely to say they are using a lot less water indoors (45%) or out (47%). CALIFORNIANS PESSIMISTIC ON IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE On the heels of a government report on the impact of climate change across the nation, the survey asked Californians their views on global warming. Most (61 %) say global warming will pose a serious threat to them or their way of life in their lifetime, while 35 percent say it will not. A March survey by Gallup found nearly the opposite among adults nationwide (36% yes, 64% no). California likely voters are less pessimistic th an residents overall, with half (51%) saying global warming will pose a serious threat in their lifetime. As the legislature considers a temporary moratorium on hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, about a third of Californians (30%) favor increas ing its use, while 54 percent are opposed. Support for increased fracking has declined (39% May 2013, 35% July 2013, 32% September 2013, 30% today). Californians are more likely to be in favor of building the Keystone XL pipeline (46%) than opposed (38%) —although support has declined somewhat (53% May 2013, 51% July 2013, 46% today). MAJORITY SAY COVERED CALIFORNIA IS WORKING WELL In the survey’s first assessment of views on health care reform since open enrollment ended, opinion on the law is relatively unchanged. Today, 48 percent of Californians have a generally favorable opinion of it and 4 2 percent have a generally unfavorable one. Adults with health insurance are divided (49% favorable, 41% unfavorable), while those without it are more lik ely to feel unfavorably (52% unfavorable, 41% favorable). When they are asked to assess California’s health insurance exchange, Covered California, a majority of adults (54%) say it is working well (14% very well, 40% fairly well), a third say it has not been working well (23% not too well, 12% not at all well), and 11 percent don’t know. Younger Californians —age 18 to 34— are much more likely (65%) than older Californians to say the state’s insurance exchange is working well (47% age 35– 54, 50% age 55 and older). MORE KEY FINDINGS Proposition 13 remains popular among all adults, likely voters—page 9 Most residents also believe state voters should make some fiscal decisions about at the ballot box. Support for raising cigarette, alcohol taxes —but not for a tax on oil and natural gas extraction , vehicle license fees —page 10 Improving fiscal and economic conditions have not changed Californians’ views on state taxes. Most say poverty is a big problem —page 21 The share of Californians who say poverty is a big problem is 68 percent—up 11 points since Januar y 20 06, before the recession. May 2014 Californians and Their Government 5 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 6 STATE GOVERNMENT KEY FINDINGS  Fifty percent of Californians approve of Governor Brown; 40 approve of the legislature overall and 43 percent approve of their own legislators. (page 7 )  A plurality of Californians continue to name jobs and the economy as the most important issue facing the state; 12 percent name water and drought. ( page 8)  Fourteen percent of Californians say they know a lot about how state and local governments raise and spend money; 76 percent say voters should have some say in state budget issues. (page 9 )  Solid majorities of Californians favor increasing taxes on cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. Fewer than half favor taxing the extraction of oil and natural gas; eight in 10 oppose raising the vehicle license fee. (page 10)  Fifty-two percent of Californians think the state budget situation is a big problem. Californians are divided on what to do with the budget surplus, but three in four favor the governor’s revised budget proposal and the recently agreed upon rainy day fund proposal. ( pages 11, 12 )  Most Californians express distrust in state government and about half think it wastes a lot of taxpayer money. ( page 13)  Six in 10 Californians say the supply of water is a big problem in their part of California and most say they are using less water on both indoor and outdoor activities. (page 14)  Jerry Brown (48%) leads in the gubernatorial primary among primary likely voters, with one in four voters undecided. (page 15) PPIC Statewide S urvey APPROVAL RATINGS OF STATE ELECTED OFFICIALS With only a few weeks before the California June primary, 50 percent of adults and 54 percent of likely voters approve of the way that Jerry Br own is handling his job as California governor. The governor’s approval ratings had reached a record -high 58 percent among adults and 60 percent among likely voters in our January poll. Last May, 48 percent of both adults and likely voters approved of Jerr y Brown’s job performance. Today, t he governor’s approval rating is far higher among Democrats (70%) than among independents (46%) and Republicans (27%). Approval is at 50 percent for men and women. His approval rating is also higher in the San Francisco B ay Area (58%) and Los Angeles (53%) than in other regions (46% Central Valley, 44% Orange/San Diego, 41% Inland Empire). Pluralities express approval across age, education, and income groups. In the wake of recent political scandals that resulted in the su spension of three Democratic state senators , 40 percent of California adults and 36 percent of likely voters approve of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job. The legislature’s approval ratings today have changed little since January (42% adults, 33% likely voters) and are higher than they were last May (35% adults, 29% likely voters). Today, 51 percent of Democrats express approval, compared to 32 percent of independents and 17 percent of Republicans. San Francisco Bay Area (45%) and Los Angeles residents (45%) express higher approval ratings than residents in other regions do (35% Inland Empire, 34% Orange/San Diego, 34% Central Valley) . Whites (27%) express lower approval than other racial/ethnic groups do . “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that…?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California Approve 50% 70 % 27 % 46 % 54 % Disapprove 30 16 57 33 35 Don ʼt know 20 14 16 21 11 The California Legislature is handling its job Approve 40 51 17 32 36 Disapprove 44 33 73 54 54 Don ʼt know 16 16 10 15 11 Forty -three percent of adults and likely voters approve of the job of the ir own state legislators . The se approval ratings were at 48 percent for adults and 45 percent for likely voters in January, and 43 percent for adults and 38 percent for likely voters last May. Today, Democrats (56 %) give higher approval ratings to their state legislators than do independ ents (35%) and Republicans (31%). San Francisco Bay Area (50%) and Los Angeles (46%) residents give higher ratings than residents in other regions (40% Inland Empire, 38% Central Valley, 33% Orange/San Diego) . “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the job that the state legislators representing your assembly and senate districts are doing at this time?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Approve 43% 56 % 31 % 35 % 43 % Disapprove 40 28 55 52 44 Don’t know 17 17 14 13 13 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 7 PPIC Statewide S urvey OVERALL MOOD What is the most important issue facing the people of California today ? Californians are most likely to mention j obs and the economy (33%), followed by water and the drought (12 %). These findings are similar to those in our March survey (32% jobs and economy, 15% water and drought). Other issues mentioned today include education (8%), the state budget and taxes (7%), immigration (5%), crime and gangs (4%), housing costs (3 %), the environment (2%), health care (2%) , and homelessness (2%). Water and the drought feature as the top issue most often in the Central Valley (20%), followed by the San Francisco Bay Area (13%), the Inland Empire (10%), Orange/San Diego (9%), and Los Angeles (8%). Today, 45 percent of adults and 44 percent of lik ely voters say things in California are generally going in the right direction. In our January poll, 53 percent of adults said that the state was going in the right direction, while 46 percent held this view last May. Currently, 61 percent of Democrats say that things are going in the right direction , compared to 40 percent of independents and 24 percent of Republicans . San Francisco Bay Area residents (53%) and Los Angeles residents (52%) are the most likely to say that things are going in the right direct ion, followed by those living in Orange/San Diego (40%), the Central Valley (39%), and the Inland Empire (23%). W hites (34%) are much less likely than Latinos (50%) to say that things are going in the right direction . (Sample sizes for Asians and blacks ar e too small for separate analysis.) Sixty -seven percent of those who approve of Governor Brown say that things in California are generally going in the right direction. “Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the w rong direction?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Right direction 45% 61 % 24 % 40 % 44 % Wrong direction 48 31 73 54 50 Don’t know 7 8 3 6 6 Currently, 44 percent of adults and likely voters say the state will have good times financially in the next 12 months. In January, 49 percent of adults expected good times financially, while 48 percent held this outlook last May. Today, San Francisco Bay Area resident s (56%) are more likely to expect good economic times than those living in Los Angeles (47%), Orange/San Diego (41%), the Central Valley (35%), and the Inland Empire (31%). There is a partisan divide on this issue, with Democrats (53%) expressing much more optimism about future economic conditions in the state than independents (36%) and Republicans (34%). The expectation for good economic times is higher among men (50%) than women (38%). College graduates and those in households earning $80,000 or more are more likely than others to expect good economic times . Sixty-two percent of those who approve of Governor Brown expect good times financially in the state during the next 12 months. “Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times?” All adults Region Likely voters Central Valley San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Good times 44% 35 % 56% 47% 41% 31% 44 % Bad times 47 56 32 45 51 60 46 Don’t know 9 10 12 8 9 9 10 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 8 PPIC Statewide S urvey PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS O F FISCAL ISSUES California voters are making major tax and spending decisions at the ballot box, such as passing the Proposition 30 tax initiative in November 2012. This November t hey will be asked to vote on a rainy day fund measure and a state water bond is scheduled for this ballot as well . Do Californians consider themselves knowledgeable on fiscal issues? Fourteen percent of adults and 18 percent of likely voters say they know a lot about how the state and their local governments spend and raise money. Four in 10 adults (38%) say they know something about these issues , while nearly half say they know very little (35%) or nothing (12%). The share saying they know a lot or some ab out state and local fiscal issues increases as age, education, and income rise; it is higher among those who own their own homes. “In general, how much would you say you know about how your state and local governments spend and raise money?” All adults Education Likely voters High school or less Some college College graduate A lot 14% 13 % 11 % 18 % 18 % Some 38 28 43 50 53 Very little 35 42 35 24 26 Nothing 12 14 11 7 2 Don’t know 2 2 1 1 1 Californians have a strong preference for state voters weighing in on issues involving spending and taxes , even though most don’t perceive themselves as knowing a lot about state and local finance. Who should mak e the tough choices involved in the state budget this year ? Seventy-six percent of adults say that California voters should make some of the decisions about spending and taxes at the ballot box . Only 16 percent say the governor and legislature should make all of the decisions. Likely voters hold similar views. In four surveys since May 2011, m ore than three in four adults have prefer red that voters make some of the fiscal decisions. Large majorities across political, regional , racial/ethnic, age, education, income, and homeowner/renter groups hold this view . “And when it comes to the tough choices involved in the state budget this year, would you prefer that the governor and legislature make all of the decisions about spending and taxes, or that California voters make some of the decisions about spending and taxes at the ballot box?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Governor and legislature 16% 20 % 12 % 18 % 18 % California voters 76 75 83 73 76 Other/Both (volunteered) 5 3 2 6 4 Don’t know 4 2 3 3 2 Thirty -six years after the Proposition 13 property tax initiative passed in June 1978, Californians continue to have an overall positive view of this historic measure. Majorities of adults (56%) and likely voters (63%) say Proposition 13 has been mostly a good thing for California. In the eight times that we have asked this question since February 2003, majorities of adults have said that Proposition 13 has been mostly a good thing —with the sole exception of May 2005, when 47 percent said that Proposition 13 was mostly a good thi ng. Pluralities across the state’s regions today and at least half across political, age, education, income, and homeowner/renter groups say that Proposition 13 has been mostly a good thing. May 2014 Californians and Their Government 9 PPIC Statewide S urvey RAISING STATE REVENU ES Have Californians ’ attitudes toward raising state taxes changed in light of improving fiscal and economic conditions? We asked about raising the state’s cigarette taxes, alcoholic beverage taxes, oil and natural gas extraction taxes, and the vehicle license fee. More than s ix in 10 adults are in favor of increasing taxes on the purchase of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. Public support for taxing the extraction of oil and natural gas falls short of a majority, and fewer than one in five would favor increasing the vehicle license fee. The overall trends from our previous polls are similar . At least six in 10 adults have been in favor of raising the cigarette tax since we began asking this question in January 2006, while majorities have been opposed to increasing the vehicle license fee since we began asking about it in February 2003. Today’s views on taxes for alcoholic beverages and the extraction of oil and natural gas in California were similar to those in March 2013, the first time these questions were asked. “For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal.” Increasing state taxes on the purchase of cigarettes Increasing state taxes on the purchase of alcoholic beverages Taxing the extraction of oil and natural gas in California Increasing the California vehicle license fee Favor 69% 61 % 43 % 18 % Oppose 30 37 51 79 Don’t know 1 2 7 3 Majorities of likely voters, Democrats, independents, and Californians across regions and income groups favor increasing state taxes on the purchase of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. Thirty -two percent of cigarette smokers and 76 percent of nonsmokers favor a state cigarette tax increase. About half of Democrats , independent s, San Francisco Bay Area residents, college graduates, and upper -income Californians favor taxing oil and natural gas extraction. S upport for a vehicle license fee increase falls far short of a majority among likely voters and is low across all political , regional, and income groups. “For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal.” Percent saying favor Increasing state taxes on the purchase of cigarettes Increasing state taxes on the purchase of alcoholic beverages Taxing the extraction of oil and natural gas in California Increasing the California vehicle license fee All adults 69% 61 % 43 % 18 % Likely voters 68 58 48 17 Party Democrats 76 67 53 17 Republicans 58 46 26 9 Independents 65 56 50 24 Region Central Valley 63 62 38 15 San Francisco Bay Area 71 62 51 29 Los Angeles 69 60 42 14 Orange/San Diego 68 55 43 17 Inland Empire 66 62 28 9 Household income Under $40,000 68 64 38 16 $40,000 to under $80,000 63 59 40 13 $80,000 or more 75 58 54 27 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 10 PPIC Statewide S urvey STATE BUDGET SITUATI ON Californians continue to think that the state budget situation in California is a problem —52 percent say it is a big problem and 38 percent say it is somewhat of a problem . Just 5 percent say it is not a problem. Likely voters hold similar views (58% big problem, 34% somewhat of a problem). Findings were similar in January (50% big problem, 40% somewhat of a problem), but Californians were more pessimistic last May (61% big problem, 30% somewhat of a problem). Partisans are divided on the budget situation, with more Republicans (76%) than independents (51%) or Democrats (45%) saying it is a big problem . Residents in Orange/San Diego (59%) are the most likely to think the budget situation is a big problem, followed by those in the Inland Empire (55%), Los Angeles (53%), the Central Valley (52%), and the San Francisco Bay Area (45%). Younger, less educated, and less affluent Californians are less likely than their older, more educated, and more affluent counterparts to say the budget is a big problem. Governor Brown released his May budget revision on May 13. Among those interviewed before the May revision , 55 percent said the budget situation is a big problem; among those interviewed afterward, 48 percent said this . “Do you think the state budget situation in California— that is, the balance between government spending and revenues—is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem for the people of California today?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Big problem 52% 45 % 76 % 51 % 58 % Somewhat of a problem 38 45 21 34 34 Not a problem 5 6 2 10 5 Don’t know 4 3 – 4 2 California is projected to have a budget surplus of several billion dollars over the next several years . How would Californians prefer to use this extra money? Residents are divided: 46 percent would prefer to pay down state debt and build up the reserve, while 48 percent would prefer to restore some funding for social service programs that were cut in recent years. Likely voters are much more likely to prefer paying down debt and building up the reserve (57%) than restoring social service funding (39%). Preference for paying down the debt has been higher in the past (55% January 2013, 55% May 2013, 54% January 2014, 46% today). Part isans are divided on this issue: 59 percent of Democrats prefer restoring social service funding, while 76 percent of Republicans and 54 percent of independents prefer paying down debt and building up the reserve. Half of men (52%) prefer paying down debt (43% restore social services) , while half of women (53%) prefer restoring social service funding (41% pay down debt) . Support for paying down the debt rises as income levels increase. Among those who call the budget a big problem, 56 p ercent prefer paying down debt. “The state is projected to have a budget surplus of several billion dollars over the next several years. In general, how would you prefer to use this extra money? Would you prefer to pay down state debt and build up the reserve or would you prefer to use some of this money to restore some funding for social service programs that were cut in recent years?” All adults Household income Likely voters Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Pay debt, build reserve 46% 36 % 50 % 61 % 57 % Restore some funding for social service programs 48 59 44 35 39 Don ʼt know 5 6 6 3 5 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 11 PPIC Statewide S urvey GOVERNOR BROWN’S BUDGET PROPOSAL Governor Brown released his revised state budget proposal for the next fiscal year on May 13. The revision , which is largely similar to his January plan, calls for increased funding for Medi -Cal, more money for drought -related expenditures, and increases in contributions to the California State Teachers’ Retirement System. Beginning May 13 we asked about the revised budget plan ; after hearing a brief summary of the plan, three in four Californians (74%) are in favor and one in five are opposed (18%). More than six in 10 across parties (84% Democrats, 76% independents 62% Republicans) and s trong majorities across regions and demographic groups favor the revised proposal. Before May 13 we asked a similar question about the January budget proposal and a similar 70 percent of Californians were in favor. “Governor Brown recently released a revised budget plan for th e next fiscal year that will increase s pending on K –12 and higher education and Medi- Cal. It also modestly increases spending on prisons and courts and health and human services, increases contributions to the California State Teachers’ Retirement System, and allocates money for drought- related expenditures. The plan includes $11 billion to pay down the state’s debt , including repayment of previously deferred payments to K –12 schools and paying off economic recovery bonds that were passed in 2004 to balance the budget. The plan puts $1.6 billion into the state’s rainy day fund and includes no new taxes. In general, do you favor or oppose the governor’s budget plan?” Favor Oppose Don’t know All adults 74% 18% 7% Likely voters 73 20 7 Party Democrats 84 11 5 Republicans 62 31 7 Independents 76 16 9 Region Central Valley 81 13 6 San Francisco Bay Area 74 13 12 Los Angeles 71 22 7 Other Southern California * 71 22 7 *Due to sample size constraints for this question, we combined Inland Empire and Orange/San Diego into “Other Southern Califo rnia.” Just before we began our survey the governor and the legislature agreed on a bipartisan plan that would change the state’s rainy day fund. The plan includes setting aside 1.5 percent of general fund revenues every year , along with any capital gains revenues that exceed 8 percent of general fund revenues . For the next 15 years , half of the money will be used to pay off debt. It also establishes a Proposition 98 reserve fund for schools. After hearing a brief description of the plan, 76 percent of Californians and 74 percent of likely voters are in favor. There is bipartisan support for the plan (81% Democrats, 67% Republicans) ; 73 percent of independents are also in favor. Across regions, strong majorities support the plan, as do at least seven in 10 across demographic groups. “The governor and the legislature are placing a measure on the November 2014 ballot that would change the state’s rainy day fund. The plan includes setting aside 1.5 percent of general fund revenues every year and any capital gains revenues that exceed 8 percent of general fund revenues. For the first 15 years, half the money would be used to pay off debt. The plan also sets limits on how funds can be withdrawn during a recession and creates a reserve for K –12 schools. In general, do you favor or oppose this plan?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 76% 81% 67% 73% 74% Oppose 16 12 21 20 17 Don’t know 8 7 12 7 9 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 12 PPIC Statewide Survey May 2014 Californians and Their Government 13 TRUST IN STATE GOVERNMENT Has distrust in the state government increased in the wake of the recent, unprecedented suspensions of three state senators? A strong majority of Californians continue to think that the state government in Sacramento can be trusted only some of the time (59%) or volunteer it can be trusted none of the time (8%). These levels of distrust were similar in December 2013 (71%) and last May (66 %); in periodic surveys since August 2002, more than six in 10 Californians have expressed distrust. Republicans (85%) are more likely than independents (68%) and Democrats (60%) to say t hey can trust state government only some of the time or never. Across regional, age, education, and income groups at least six in 10 express distrust. Among racial/ethnic groups, whites (77%) are much more likely than Latinos (60%) to express distrust. “How much of the time do you think you can trust the state government in Sacramento to do what is right—just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Just about always 5% 5% 4% 3% 3% Most of the time 25 35 10 27 24 Only some of the time 59 57 69 57 61 None of the time (volunteered) 8 3 16 11 11 Don’t know 2 1 2 2 1 Six in 10 Californians (60%) and two in three likely voters (68%) say the state government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves ; fewer say it is run for the benefit of all the people (32% Californians, 24% likely voters). Today’s view among all adults that state government is run by a few big interests is similar to that in December 2013 (65%) and last May (61%); nearly every time we have asked this question since 1999 at least six in 10 Californians have held this view (5 4% in January 2002 is the only exception). Republicans (77%) are more likely than indepe ndents (61%) and Democrats (57%) to say that state government is run by a few big interests. Whites (71%) are much more likely than Latinos (53%) to say this. About half of Californians (48%) think the people in state government waste a lot of taxpayer money, another 41 percent say state government wastes some , and just 6 percent say they don’t waste very much of it. In December 2013 and May 2013, slightly more than half of Californians (54% each time) said that a lot of money is wasted. Today, the sh are saying that a lot is wasted has dropped below 50 percent for the first time since January 2002 (38%). Republicans (70%) are far more likely than independents (47%) or Democrats (36%) to think a lot of money is was ted. Residents in the Central Valley (57%) are the most likely to think a lot is wasted, followed by those in the Inland Empire (55%), Los Angeles (48%), Orange/San Diego (46% ), and the San Francisco Bay Area (43%). “Do you think the people in state government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind A lot 48% 36% 70% 47% 53% Some 41 52 23 49 39 Don’t waste very much 6 9 3 1 5 Don’t know 5 4 4 3 3 PPIC Statewide S urvey STATE WATER SUPPLY In the midst of today’s severe drought, a record -high share of Californians (59%) say that the water supply in their part of the state is a big problem, one in four (26%) say it is somewhat of a problem, and 15 percent say it is not a problem. In March, 55 percent of Californians viewed water supply as a big problem. In December 2009, during the last drought, 44 percent held this view. Across regions today, a majority of Californians (except in the Inland Empire: 47%), view water supply as a big problem. “Would you say that the supply of water is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not much of a problem in your part of California?” All adults Region Inland/Coastal Central Valley San Francisco Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Inland Coastal Big problem 59% 67% 55% 57% 59% 47% 58% 59% Somewhat of a problem 26 20 30 28 23 33 26 25 Not much of a problem 15 12 14 14 18 19 15 15 Don’t know 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 Governor Brown first declared a drought emergency in January and made a second proclamation in April, making it easier for water agencies to take necessary steps to manage water use. Two in three Californians (66%) say they are following news about the drought emergencies closely (25% very closely, 41% fairly closely); one in three say they are not (22% not too closely, 12% not at all closely) . Eight in 10 Californians say they and their family are using less water (40% a lot less, 39% a little less) on indoor activities like showers, baths, and washing dishes; 19 percent say they are not reducing indoor water use. Slightly more than four in 10 residents in the Central Valley (45%), Los Angeles (41%) , and Orange/San Diego (41%) report using a lot less water indoors ; somewhat fewer say this in the San Francisco Bay Area (35%) and Inland Empire (33%). Two in three Californians report using less water (38% a lot less, 28% a little less) on lawn care and landscaping , while 11 percent say they are not ; 23 percent say they have no outdoor space or are not responsible for its upkeep. Central Valley residents (47%) are the most likely to say they are using a lot less water outdoors, followed by those in the Inland Empire (39%), Los Angeles (38%), the San Francisco Bay Area (35%), and Orange/San Diego (30%). Close to three in 10 residents in the San Francisco Bay Area (28 %), Orange/San Diego (27%), and L os Angeles (26%) say they do not have outdoor space to tend. “Are you and your family using less water on…?” All adults Region Inland/Coastal Central Valley San Francisco Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Inland Coastal Indoor activities like showers, baths, and washing dishes A lot less 40% 45% 35% 41% 41% 33% 41% 39% A little less 39 37 42 37 40 41 38 40 No 19 16 19 20 18 25 20 19 Don ʼt know 2 2 4 1 2 – 1 2 Lawn care and landscaping A lot less 38 47 35 38 30 39 44 34 A little less 28 31 23 25 32 27 29 27 No 11 10 12 9 10 14 11 11 No outdoor space 23 12 28 26 27 17 14 27 Don ʼt know 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 14 PPIC Statewide S urvey JUNE GUBERNATORIAL P RIMARY Less than a month before the June primary, 46 percent of primary likely voters say they are following news about the candidates closely (9% very, 37% fairly closely). The share of primary likely voters closely following candidate news has grown somewhat fro m previous months (37% March, 38% April, 46% today). Today, close attention to this news is far lower than it was May 2010 (67%) or May 2006 (68%) just before the June gubernatorial primaries. Democrats and independents (52% each) are more likely than Republicans (39%) to report following news about the primary candidates very or fairly closely. Governor Jerry Brown (48%) continues to lead in the June primary election for governor. Far fewer primary likely voters would vote for Republican candidates Tim Do nnelly (15%) or Neel Kashkari (10%), although support for each is up slightly since April (from 9% to 15% for Donnelly and from 2% to 10% for Kashkari ). Twenty -seven percent are undecided (down from 38% in April) and 1 percent name other candidates. Most D emocratic primary likely voters (79%) would vote for Brown. Among Republicans, support is somewhat higher for Donnelly (30%) than for Kashkari (21%); 34 percent are still undecided, but this is down from 58 percent in April. Among independents, a plurality would vote for Brown (41%), 35 percent are undecided, and 24 percent would vote for one of the Republican candidates. A majority of Latino (5 7%) and a plurality of white (41%) primary likely voters would vote for Brown. Governor Brown leads across regions, but the race is much closer in the Inland Empire (28% Brown, 24% Kashkari, 21% Donnelly, 25% undecided) than elsewhere. Pluralities across age, income, and education groups would vote for Brown. “…If the June primary for governor were being held today, and these were the candidates, who would you vote for?” Primary likely voters only All primary likely voters Party Race/Ethnicity Dem Rep Ind Latinos Whites Jerry Brown, a Democrat 48% 79% 13% 41% 57% 41% Tim Donnelly, a Republican 15 2 30 16 16 16 Neel Kashkari, a Republican 10 1 21 8 5 12 Someone else 1 – 1 – 1 1 Don’t know 27 17 34 35 21 31 Half of primary likely voters (53%) are satisfied with their gubernatorial candidate choices in the primary election, 32 percent are not satisfied, and 15 percent are unsure. Satisfaction has increased by 11 points since March (42%). A solid majority of Democrats (65%) are satisfied with their candidate choices. Among Republicans, 43 percent say they are satisfied and 37 percent say they are not; 20 percent are unsure. A plurality of independents (48%) are satisfied, 40 percent say they are not satisfied , a nd 12 percent are unsure. At least half of Latino (59%) and white (50%) primary likely voters are satisfied. Among those who are not satisfied, a plurality (46%) say they are unsure of who they will vote for. “In general, would you say you are satisfied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the primary election for governor this June?” Primary likely voters only All primary likely voters Party Race/Ethnicity Dem Rep Ind Latinos Whites Satisfied 53% 65% 43% 48% 59% 50% Not satisfied 32 23 37 40 29 35 Don’t know 15 12 20 12 12 15 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 15 FEDERAL GOVERNMENT KEY FINDINGS  Half of Californians (51%) approve of President Obama’s job performance , matching December 2013’s record low. W hile one in four Californians approve of Congress overall, a bout half approve of their o wn House representative. (page 17)  Seven in 10 Californians say they cannot trust the federal government to do what is right , and nearly all residents say it wastes at least some taxpayer money . Seven in 10 Californians say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves . (page 18)  Californians continue to be divided over the health reform law; 5 4 percent say the state health insurance exchange, Cover ed California, is working very or fairly well. ( page 19)  A solid majority of Californians say global warming will pose a serious threat to them in their lifetime , but voters are deeply divided along party lines . A majority of Californians (54%) oppose the increased use of fracking ; 46 percent favor (and 38% oppose) building the Keystone XL pipeline. ( page 20 )  Nearly seven in 10 Californians say poverty is a big problem in our society and most say government policies and programs can reduce poverty at least to some extent . ( page 21 )  Californians are deeply divided along partisan lines when it comes to perceptions of the Republica n and Democratic P arties. ( page s 22, 23 ) 5662 51 22 31 24 0 20 40 60 80 100 May 2012May 2013May 2014 Percent all adults President Obama U.S. Congress Approval Ratings of FederalElected Officials 23 31 47 41 Californians Adults nationwide*0 20 40 60 80 Republican Party Democratic Party Governsin a More Honest and Ethical Way Percent all adults *Pew Research Center, Jan 2014 5768 30 25 0 20 40 60 80 100 Jan 2006May 2014 Percent all adults Somewhat of a problem Big problem Seriousnessof Poverty in Our Society May 2014 Californians and Their Government 16 PPIC Statewide S urvey APPROVAL RATINGS OF FEDERAL ELECTED OFFICIALS President Obama’s approval rating among Californians is at 51 percent, matching the record low reached in December 2013. Last May, his approval was at 62 percent. This year, approval of President Obama has held steady (53% January, 52% March, 51% today). Approval among likely voters (50%) is nearly identical to that of all adults (51%). In a rec ent CNN/ORC poll, 43 percent of adults nationwide approved and 55 percent disapproved of the way President Obama is handling his job. Among Democrats, the president’s approval is at 78 percent ; 80 percent of Republicans disapprove. Among independents, 46 percent approve and 50 percent disapprove. Across regions, approval is higher in the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles (54% each) than in other areas (48 % Inland Empire, 47% Orange/San Diego, 45% Central Valley). Whites (40%) are much less likely than other racial/ethnic groups to approve. Approval of the U.S. Congress is at 24 percent, up slightly from record lows in March 2014 (19%) and December 2013 (18%). Last May, approval was at 31 percent. Among likely voters, approval of the U.S. Congress is at 14 percent, up five points from a record low 9 percent in March 2014. In May 2010 , befor e the last mid -term elections, 2 6 percent of likely voters expressed approval of Congress. Across parties, strong majorities disapprove. According to a recent Gallup poll, adults nationwide (13% approve, 83% disapprove) were less likely than Californians in our survey to approve of Congress . “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that…?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Barack Obama is handling his job as president of the United States Approve 51% 78 % 19 % 46 % 50 % Disapprove 45 18 80 50 48 Don ʼt know 4 5 1 4 1 The U.S. Congress is handling its job Approve 24 21 16 10 14 Disapprove 69 73 79 83 82 Don ʼt know 7 6 5 7 4 Forty -eight percent of adults and likely voters approve of the way their own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives is handling his or her job. In January (51%) and last May (53%), about half of Californians said they approved of their own Hou se representative. Democrats (60%) are far more likely than Republicans (40%) or independents (37%) to approve. Residents in Los Angeles (58%) are much more likely than those in other regions to approve of their representative to Congress (44% San Francisc o Bay Area, 43% Inland Empire, 41% Central Valley, 41% Orange/San Diego). Among those who approve of their own representative in Congress, 42 percent approve of the U.S. Congress; among those who disapprove, only 6 percent approve of the U.S. Congress. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress is handling his or her job?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Approve 48% 60 % 40 % 37 % 48 % Disapprove 36 26 44 46 39 Don’t know 16 14 16 17 13 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 17 PPIC Statewide S urvey TRUST IN FEDERAL GOV ERNMENT Californians continue to be distrustful of the federal government . About s even in 10 Californians say they think the federal government can be trusted only some of the time (64%) or volunteer that it can never be trusted (8%); just 26 percent say the federal government can be trusted just about always (5%) or most of the time (21%). Likely voters are slightly more distrust ful (68% only some of the time, 11% none of the time). Californ ians held similar views last December (65% only some of the time, 10% none of the time) just after the government shutdown. At least six in 10 Californians have expre ssed distrust since August 2002 . Although there are high levels of distrust across parties , Republicans (86%) and independents (80%) are much more likely than Democrats (68%) to express distrust. More than two in three across regions and at least six in 10 across demographic groups think they can trust the federal government only some of the ti me or never. “How much of the time do you think you can trust the federal government in Washington to do what is right?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Just about always 5% 6 % 1 % 5 % 3 % Most of the time 21 25 11 13 16 Only some of the time 64 65 71 66 68 None of the time (volunteered) 8 3 15 14 11 Don’t know 1 1 1 1 1 Seven in 10 Californians (70%) and nearly eight in 10 likely voters (79%) say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves; fewer think that it is run for the benefit of all the people (23% adults ; 14% likely voters). Today’s findings among adults are similar to those in December 2013 (73%) ; about seven in 10 have said the federal government is run by a few big interests each of the five times we have asked this question since October 2010. Republicans (82%) and independents (81%) are much more likely than Democrats (65%) to say that the federal government is run by a few big interests ; at least two in three across regions agree. Whites (82 %) are far more likely than Latinos (57%) to say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves. Distrust extends to government spending . Nearly six in 10 Californians (58%) think that the people in the federal government waste a lot of taxpayer money; one in three (33%) say they waste at least some. Likely voters are more pessimistic (67% a lot, 28% some). Today’s findings among adults are similar to those in December 2013 (61%). Republicans (81%) are far more likely than independents (60%) and Democrats (54%) to think a lot of money is wasted. Whites (68%) are much more likely than Latinos (50%) to hold this view. “Do you think the people in the federal government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind A lot 58% 54 % 81 % 60 % 67 % Some 33 35 16 36 28 Don’t waste very much 6 8 1 2 3 Don’t know 3 3 2 2 2 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 18 PPIC Statewide S urvey HEALTH CARE REFORM Californians are divided in their views of the 2010 health reform law: 48 percent view it favorably and 43 percent view it unfavorably. This is the first time that we have assessed opinions on the health reform law since the law’s open enrollment period ended in March. But opinion has remained relatively unchanged since we began asking this question in December 2013 (44% generally favorable, 44% generally unfavorable). We asked a similar question before December 2013, and about half of Californians expressed support. According to an April Kaise r Family Foundation poll, adults nationwide (38% favorable, 46% unfavorable) held less favorable views of the law than Californians in our survey. There are divisions across parties, with seven in 10 Democrats (70%) saying they have generally favorable opi nions and a similar share of Republicans (73%) saying they have generally unfavorable views. Those with health insurance are divided (49% favorable, 42% unfavorable), while half of those who remain without health insurance hold generally unfavorable opinions (41% favorable, 52% unfavorable). College graduates are more likely than others to hold favorable views. “As you may know, a health reform bill was signed into law in 2010. Given what you know about the health reform law, do you have a generally favorable or generally unfavorable opinion of it?” All adults Party Have health insurance Dem Rep Ind Yes No Generally favorable 48% 70 % 20 % 48 % 49 % 41 % Generally unfavorable 43 23 73 44 42 52 Don’t know 9 6 7 8 9 7 When asked to assess Covered California, California’s health insurance exchange, a majority of Californians (54%) say that it is working well (14% very well, 40% fairly well), a third say it has not been working well (23% not too well, 12% not at all well), and one in 10 (11% ) are unsure. In January, 46 percent said California’s health insurance exchange had been working well, and 39 percent said it had not. Today, seven in 10 Democrats (71%) and a plurality of independents (49% working well, 38% not working well) say Covered California has been working well; half of Republicans (51%) say it has not been working well. Fifty -six percent of those with health insurance say that Covered California has been working well; those who remain without insurance are divided (48% working well, 46% not working well). Those ages 18 to 34 (65%) are much more likely than older Californians say the state’s insurance exchange is working well (47% age s 35 to 54, 50% 55 and older). “As you may know, as part of the 2010 health care law the government has set up health insurance exchanges around the country that people can use to compare plans and purchase health insurance. Just your impression, how well has California’s health insurance exchange called ‘ Covered California ’ been working?” All adults Party Have health insurance Dem Rep Ind Yes No Very well 14% 23 % 6 % 12 % 14 % 15 % Fairly well 40 48 25 37 42 33 Not too well 23 17 27 25 22 31 Not at all well 12 7 24 13 11 15 Don’t know 11 5 18 13 11 7 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 19 PPIC Statewide S urvey CLIMATE CHANGE AND E NERGY POLICY Just before our interviews began, the Obama Administration released the third National Climate Assessment, a scientific report describing climate changes already under way. Six in 10 Californians (61%) say global warming will pose a serious threat to them or their way of life in their lifetime; 35 percent say it will not. While the share of Californians saying global warming will pose a serious threat was similar last May (57 %), it has grown 16 points since July 2003 (45%). Today, l ikely voters (51%) are less pessimistic than all adults (61%) . Californians are deeply divided along party lines: 72 percent of Democrats (and 56% of independents) say global warming will pose a ser ious threat while 68 percent of Republicans say it will not. Residents in Los Angeles (67%) and the San Francisco Bay Area (66%) are more likely than those in other regions to say global warmin g represents a serious threat (5 9% Central Valley, 54% Orange/S an Diego, 52% Inland Empire). Latinos (81%) are far more likely than whites (48%) to say global warming will pose a serious threat . Californians younger than age 55 (67% yes) are more pessimistic than those age 55 and older (50% yes). A March survey by Gal lup found only 36 percent of adults nationwide saying global warming will pose a serious threat. Fracking remains controversial in the state : proponents tout economic benefits and opponents express concerns about water quality and usage, as well as earthquakes . Legislation to impose a temporary moratorium while its effects are studied is under debate. Today, 30 percent of Californians favor the increased use of fracking, while 54 percent are opposed. Support among adults has declined since last May (39% May 2013, 35% July 2013, 32% September 2013, 30% today). While most Democrats (66%) and independents (62%) oppose the increased use of fracking, 54 percent of Republicans favor it. Opposition is higher in Los Angeles (62%) than in other regions (56% Central Valley, 50% San Francisco Bay Area, 47% Orange/San Diego, 45% Inland Empire) , but in no region does a majority favor it. “Do you favor or oppose increased use of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, a drilling method that uses high- pressure water and chemicals to extract oil and natural gas from underground rock formations?” All adults Party Global warming a serious threat in lifetime Dem Rep Ind Yes No Favor 30% 22% 54% 28% 22% 46% Oppose 54 66 29 62 65 38 Don ’t know 15 12 17 10 13 17 Californians are more likely to favor (46%) than oppose (38%) building the Keystone XL p ipeline. In a March survey by the Pew Research Center, 61 percent of adults nationwide supported starting this controversial federal energy project . Support among Californians for this proposal has declined somewhat since last May (53% May 2013, 51% July 2013, 46% today). A strong majority of Republicans (74%) favor building the Keystone XL p ipeline , while Democrats are more likely to oppose (51%) than favor (34%) doing so. Among independents, 47 percent favor it and 41 percent are opposed. “Do you favor or oppose building the Keystone XL pipeline that would transport oil from Canada’s oil sands region through the Midwest to refineries in Texas?” All adults Party Global warming a serious threat in lifetime Dem Rep Ind Yes No Favor 46% 34% 74% 47% 36% 66% Oppose 38 51 17 41 46 24 Don ’t know 16 15 9 12 18 10 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 20 PPIC Statewide S urvey POVERTY AND GOVERNMENT POLICY Nearly all Californians believe that poverty is a problem in our society today, with 68 percent saying it is a big problem and 25 percent saying it is somewhat of a problem. Since we last asked this question in January 2006, the share of Californians saying it is a big problem has grown 11 points (57% to 68%). Overwhelming majorities of Californians across parties , regions, and demographic groups consider poverty to be at least somewhat of a problem. Across parties, Democrats (79%) are the most likely to say it is a big probl em, followed by independents (68 %) and Republicans (58%). Across regions, Central Valley re sidents (78%) are the most likely to say it is a big problem, followed by residents in Los Angeles (72%), Orange/San Diego (69%), the San Francisco Bay Area (61%), and the Inland Empire (59%). About two in three or more across income groups say poverty is a big problem. Across racial/ethnic groups, majorities hold this view. Women are much more likely than men (75% to 61%) to consider poverty a big problem in our society today. “How big a problem is poverty in our society today? Is it a big problem, somewh at of a problem, or not much of a problem?” All adults Household income Likely voters Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Big problem 68% 70% 72% 65% 70% Somewhat of a problem 25 24 19 28 24 Not much of a problem 7 5 9 7 6 Don’t know – – – – – Fifty years after the War on Poverty began, federal leaders are debating government ’s role in combatting poverty, which affects a higher share of Americans today than it did in the recent past. Among Californians, three in four think that government policies and programs can either do a lot (46%) or some (31%) to reduce poverty in this country. In a January survey by the Pew Research Center, four in 10 adults nationwide said government policies and programs could do a lot ( 40% a lot, 37% some) to reduce this problem . M ajorities across parties say government policies and programs could help at least some, but Democrats (54 %) are much more likely than independents (39%) or Republicans (29%) to say they could help a lot. Latinos (58%) are far more likely than whites (35%) to say programs and policies can do a lot to reduce poverty. Those with annual household incomes that are less than $80,000 are more likely than higher-income residents to hold this view (51% less than $40,000, 49% $40,000 to less than $80,000, 38% $80,000 or more). Among those who say poverty is a big problem, 53 percent say government policies and programs could do a lot to ameliorate it . “How much do you think government policies and programs can do to reduce poverty in this country —a lot, some, not much, or nothing at all?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind A lot 46% 54% 29% 39% 40% Some 31 34 32 33 31 Not much 14 9 25 16 17 Nothing at all 7 3 11 10 10 Don’t know 2 – 3 1 1 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 21 PPIC Statewide S urvey PERCEPTIONS OF POLIT ICAL PARTIES By a two-to -one margin, Californians are more likely to ascribe the phrase “governs in an honest and ethical way” to the Democratic Party and its leaders (47%) than to the Republican Party and its leaders (23%). Fifteen per cent volunteer that the phrase describes neither party , and 6 percent volunteer that it describes both parties. When this same question was asked in January by the Pew Research Center, adults nationwide were also more likely to choose Democrats, but by a s maller margin (41% Democratic Party, 31% Republican Party). In March 2006 (the last time we asked this question), 41 percent of Californians chose the Democratic Party and its leaders, while 26 percent chose the Republican Party and its leaders. Today, Democrats (76%) are more likely than Republicans (54%) to say that their own party and its leaders govern in an honest and ethical way. Independents are more divided (37% Democratic Party, 31% Republican Party). Among likely voters, the Democratic Party is perceived to be more honest and ethical than the Republican Party (46% to 28%). By wide a margin, Latinos (52% to 19%) say the Democratic Party is more aptly described by this phrase than the Republican Party; whites are divided (38% Democratic Party, 31% R epublican Party). “Please tell me if you think each of the following phrases better describes the Republican Party and its leaders or the Democratic Party and its leaders: Governs in a more honest and ethical way .” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Republican Party 23% 8% 54% 31% 28% Democratic Party 47 76 14 37 46 Both (volunteered) 6 2 4 8 5 Neither (volunteered) 15 11 20 16 17 Don’t know 9 4 9 8 4 Californians are twice as likely to say that the Democratic Party and its leaders are better described by the phrase “is more concerned with the needs of people like me” than to choose the Republican Party and its leaders. Findings among adults nationwide were similar in the Pew Research Center surve y in January (52% Democratic Party, 32% Republican Party). In previous PPIC Statewide S urveys, most Californians chose the Democratic Party (57% in both September 2004 and March 2013) over the Republican Party (30% and 25%, respectively). About eight in 10 Democrats (83%) say this phrase describes the Democratic Party and a plurality of independents agree (46% Democratic Party, 29% Republican Party) ; two in three Republicans (65%) say this phrase describes their own party. Pluralities across racial/ethnic g roups say the Democratic P arty is more concerned with the needs of people like them . “Is more concerned with the needs of people like me.” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Republican Party 27% 10% 65% 29% 32% Democratic Party 52 83 17 46 51 Both (volunteered) 3 1 2 2 3 Neither (volunteered) 9 4 10 16 11 Don’t know 8 2 6 7 3 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 22 PPIC Statewide S urvey PERCEPTIONS OF POLIT ICAL PARTIES Californians are far more likely to say that the Republican Party and its leaders (51%) are described by the phrase “is more extreme in its positions” than the Democratic Party and its leaders (29%). In the Pew Research Center’s January survey, adults nationwide also said the Republican Party was mor e likely than the Democratic Party to hold extreme positions (54% to 35%). This is the first time this question has been asked in our surveys. Across parties, 76 percent of Democrats and 55 percent of independents say the Republican Party is more extreme; 61 percent of Republicans hold this view of the Democratic Party. Republicans (26%) are more likely than Democrats (16%) to say that their own party is extreme . Californians across racial/ethnic groups are more likely to say that the Republican Party rather than the Democratic Party is extreme. “Please tell me if you think each of the following phrases better describes the Republican Party and its leaders or the Democratic Party and its leaders. Is more extreme in its positions.” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Republican Party 51% 76% 26% 55% 54% Democratic Party 29 16 61 29 33 Both (volunteered) 7 3 7 8 9 Neither (volunteered) 3 2 2 1 1 Don’t know 9 3 4 8 3 On a final characteristic— “is more influenced by lobbyists and special interests” —Californians are more likely to choose the Republican Party and its leaders (42%) than the Democratic Party and its leaders (28%); 17 percent volunteer that this phrase descr ibes both parties. In Pew’s January survey, nearly half of adults nationwide selected the Republican Party (47%) while three in 10 said the Democratic Party (30%) and one in 10 volunteered “both” (11%). This is the first time this question has been asked i n our surveys. Democrats (68%) are much more likely to say that the Republican Party is influenced by lobbyists and special interests than Republicans (48%) are to say that the Democratic Party is influenced in this way . Republicans (25%) are more likely t han Democrats (11%) to say both parties are influenced. Among independents, a plurality say that the Republican Party (37%) is more influenced by special interests while 28 percent say that the Democratic Party is ; 28 percent volunteer that it is true of both parties. “Is more influenced by lobbyists and special interests.” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Republican Party 42% 68% 18% 37% 42% Democratic Party 28 15 48 28 27 Both (volunteered) 17 11 25 28 25 Neither (volunteered) 2 – 2 2 1 Don’t know 11 6 7 6 5 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 23 REGIONAL MAP May 2014 Californians and Their Government 24 METHODOLOGY The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, president and CEO and survey director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with assistance from Dean Bonner, project manager for this survey, and survey research associates Sonja Petek and Jui Shrestha. The Californians and Their Government series is supported with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. The PPIC Statewide Survey invites input, comments, and suggestions from policy and public opinion experts and from its own advisory committee, but survey methods, questions, and content are determined solely by PPIC’s survey team. Findings in this report are based on a survey of 1,702 California adult residents, including 1,192 interviewed on l andline telephones and 510 interviewed on cell phones. Interviews took an average of 20 minutes to complete. Interviewing took place on weekend days and weekday nights from May 8– 15, 2014. Landline interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted numbers were called. All landline telephone exchanges in California were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as six times to increase the lik elihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Cell phone interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of cell phone numbers. All cell phone numbers with California area codes were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as eight times to increase the likelihood of reaching an eligibl e respondent. Once a cell phone user was reached, it was verified that this person was age 18 or older, a resident of California, and in a safe place to continue the survey (e.g., not driving). Cell phone respondents were offered a small reimbursement to help defray the cost of the call. Cell phone interviews were conducted with adults who have cell phone service only and with those who have both cell phone and landline service in the household. Live landline and cell phone interviews were conducted by Abt SRBI, Inc., in English and Spanish, according to respondents’ preferences. Accent on Languages, Inc., translated new survey questions into Spanish, with assistance from Renatta DeFever. Abt SRBI uses the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2010– 2012 American Community Survey’s (ACS) Public Use Microdata Series for California (with regional coding information from the University of Minnesota’s Integrated Public Use Microdata Series for California) to compare certain demographic characteristics of the survey sample— region, age, gender, race/ethnicity, and education —with the characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the ACS figures. To estimate landline and cell phone service in California, Abt SRBI used 2012 state -level estimates released by the National Center for Health Statistics —which used data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the ACS —and 2013 estimates for the West Census Region in the latest NHIS report. The estimates for California were then com pared against landline and cell phone service reported in this survey. We also used voter registration data from the California Secretary of State to compare the party registration of registered voters in our sample to party registration statewide. The lan dline and cell phone samples were then integrated using a frame integration weight, while sample balancing adjusted for differences across regional, age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, telephone service, and party registration groups. May 2014 Californians and Their Government 25 PPIC Statewide Survey The sampling error, taking design effects from weighting into consideration, is ±3. 6 percent at the 95 percent confidence level for the total unweighted sample of 1,702 adults. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 3. 6 percentage points of what t hey would be if all adults in California were interviewed. The sampling error for unweighted subgroups is larger: f or the 1,360 registered voters, the sampling error is ±4. 0 percent; for the 1,038 likely voters, it is ±4.6 percent; for the 901 primary likely voters, it is ±4.9 percent. For question 21 ( 978 respondents), asked from May 8– 12, it is ±4.7 percent. For question 21a ( 724 respondents), asked from May 13– 15, it is ±5. 4 percent . Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. We present results for five geographic regions, accounting for approximately 90 percent of the state population. “Central Valley” includes But te, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “San Francisco Bay Area” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, Sa n Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “ Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, “Inland Empire” refers to Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, and “Orange/San Diego” refers to Orange and San Diego Counties. Residents of other geographic ar eas are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, likely voters, and primary likely voters , but sample sizes for these less populous areas are not large enough to report separately. In several places, we refer to coastal and inland counties. The “ coastal” region refers to the counties along the California coast from Del Norte County to San Diego County and includes all the San Francisco Bay Area counties. All other counties are included in the “inland” region. We present specific results for non- Hispanic whites and also for Latinos, who account for about a third of the state’s adult population and constitute one of the fastest -growing voter groups. Results for other racial/ethnic groups —such as Asians, blacks, and Native Americans —are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, likely voters, and primary likely voter s, but sample sizes are not large enough for separate analysis. We compare the opinions of those who report they are registered Democrats, registered Republicans, and decline- to-state or independent voters; the results for those who say they are registered to vote in other parties are not large enough for separate analysis. We also analyze the respons es of likely voters—so designated by their responses to voter registration survey questions, previous election participation, and current interest in politics. Results for questions 9, 10, and 11 are based on primary likely voters. In addition to criteria used to determine likely voters, we used responses to questions about following news about the candidates for the gubernatorial election and intention to vote in the June primary as criteria to identify primary likely voters. For the gubernatorial primary (question 9), the candidate list was based on news coverage, campaign publicity, and the secretary of state’s certified list of candidates. In addition, respondents could name candidates who were not on our list. The percentages presented in the report t ables and in the questionnaire may not add to 100 due to rounding. We compare current PPIC Statewide Survey results to those in our earlier surveys and to those in national surveys by CNN/ORC, Gallup, Kaiser Family Foundation, and the Pew Research Center . A dditional details about our methodology can be found at www.ppic.org/content/other /SurveyMethodology.pdf a nd are available upon request through surveys@ppic.org . May 2014 Californians and Their Government 26 QUESTIONNAIRE AND RESULTS CALIFORNIANS AND THEIR GOVERNMENT May 8–15, 2014 1,702 California Adult Residents: English , Spanish MARGIN OF ER ROR ±3. 6% A T 95% CONFIDENCE LEV EL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE PERCENTAGES MAY NOT ADD TO 100 D UE TO ROUNDING 1. First, thinking about the state as a whole, what do you think is the most important issue facing people in California today? [code, don’t read] 33% jobs, economy 12 water, drought 8 education, schools, teachers 7 state budget, deficit, taxes 5 immigration, illegal immigration 4 crime, gangs, drugs 3 housing costs, availability 2 environment, pollution, global warming 2 health care, health reform, Obamacare 2 homelessness 19 other 3 don’t know 2. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California? 50% approve 30 disapprove 20 don’t know 3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? 40% approve 44 disapprove 16 don’t know 4. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the job that the state legislators representing your assembly and senate districts are doing at this time? 43% approve 40 disapprove 17 don’t know 5. Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 45% right direction 48 wrong direction 7 don’t know 6. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? 44% good times 47 bad times 9 don’t know 7. Next, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are yo u absolutely certain that you are register ed to vote in California? 65% yes [ask q7a] 35 no [skip to q8b] May 2014 Californians and Their Government 27 PPIC Statewide Survey 7a. Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or are you registered as a decline -to -state or independent voter? 45% Democrat [ask q8] 29 Republican [skip to q8a] 4 another party (specify) [skip to q9] 22 independent [skip to q8b] 8. Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 58% strong 40 not very strong 2 don’t know [skip to q9] 8a. Would you call yourself a strong Republican or not a very strong Repu blican? 51% strong 45 not very strong 4 don’t know [skip to q9] 8b. Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republ ican Party or Democratic Party? 23% Republican Party 46 Democratic Party 24 neither (volunteered) 7 don’t know [questions 9 to 11 reported for primary likely voters] 9. [primary l ikely voters only] As you may know, California now has a top -two primary system in which voters can cast ballots for any candidate, regardless of party, and the two candidates receiving the most votes — regardless of party —will a dvance to the general election. If the June primary for governor were being held today, and these were the candidates, who would you vote for? [rotate names and then ask: “or someone else?”] 48% Jerry Brown, a Democrat 15 Tim Donnelly, a Republican 10 Neel Kashkari, a Republican 1 someone else (specify) 27 don’t know 10. [primary l ikely voters only] How closely are you following news about candidates for the 2014 governor’s election —very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely? 9% very closely 37 fairly closely 35 not too closely 17 not at all closely 1 don’t know 11. [primary l ikely voters only] In general, would you say you are satisfied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the primary election for governor this June? 53% satisfied 32 not satisfied 15 don’t know 12. On another topic, in general, how much would you say you know about how your state and local governments spend and raise money —a lot, some, very little, or nothing? 14% a lot 38 some 35 very little 12 nothing 2 don’t know 13. And when it comes to the tough choices involved in the state budget this year, would you prefer — [rotate ] (1 ) that the governor and legislature make all of the decisions about spending and taxes; [or] (2 ) that California voters make some of the decisions about spending and taxes at the ballot box? 16% governor and legislature make all of the decisions 76 California vo ters make some of the decisions 2 other (specify) 3 both (volunteer) 4 don’t know May 2014 Californians and Their Government 28 PPIC Statewide Survey 14. Next, Proposition 13 is the 1978 ballot measure that limits the property tax rate to 1 percent of assessed value at time of purchase and annual tax increases to no more than 2 percent until the property is sold. Overall, do you feel passing Proposition 13 turned out to be mostly a good thing for California or mostly a bad thing? 56% mostly a good thing 26 mostly a bad thing 2 mixed (volunteered) 15 don’t know For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal. [rotate questions 15 to 18] 15. How about increasing state taxes on the p urchase of alcoholic beverages? 61% favor 37 oppose 2 don’t know 16. How about taxing the extraction of oil and natural gas in California? 43% favor 51 oppose 7 don’t know 17. How about increasing state taxes on the purchase of cigarettes? 69% favor 30 oppose 1 don’t know 18. How about increasing the California vehicle license fee? 18% favor 79 oppose 3 don’t know 19. Next, d o you think the state budget situation in California —that is, the balance between government spending and revenues —is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem for the people of California today? 52% big problem 38 somewhat of a problem 5 not a problem 4 don’t know 20. The state is projected t o have a budget surplus of several billion dollars over the next several years. In general, how would you prefer to use this extra money? [rotate] (1) Would you prefer to pay down state debt and build up the reserve [or] ( 2 ) would you prefer to use some of this money to restore some funding for social service programs that were cut in recent years? 46% pay down debt and build up reserve 48 restore funding for social services 5 don’t know 21. [asked from May 8 to 12 ] Governor Brown proposed a budget plan for the next fiscal year that will increase spending on K –12 and higher education, and modestly increase spending on health and human services, prisons, and courts. The plan includes $11 billion to pay down the state’s debt , including repayment of pr eviously deferred payments to K –12 schools and paying off economic recovery bonds that were passed in 2004 to balance the budget. The plan puts $1.6 billion into the state’s rainy day fund and includes no new taxes. In general, do you favor or oppose the governo r’s budget plan? 70% favor 24 oppose 2 haven’t heard anything about the budget (volunteered) 4 don’t know May 2014 Californians and Their Government 29 PPIC Statewide Survey 21a. [asked starting May 13] Governor Brown recently released a revised budget plan for the next fiscal year that will increase spending on K –12 and higher education and Medi -Cal. It also modestly increases spending on prisons and courts and health and human services, increases contributions to the California State Teachers’ Retirement System, and allocates money for drought -related expenditures. The plan includes $11 billion to pay down the state’s debt , including repayment of previously deferred payments to K –12 schools and paying off economic recovery bonds that were passed in 2004 to balance the budget. The plan puts $1.6 billion into the state’s rainy day fund and includes no new taxes. In general, do you favor or oppose the governor’s budget plan? 74% favor 18 oppose 2 haven’t heard anything about the budget (volunteered) 5 don’t know 22. The governor and the legislature are placing a measure on the November 2014 ballot that would change the state’s rainy day fund. The plan includes setting aside 1.5 percent of general fund revenues every year and any capital gains revenues that exceed 8 percent of general fund revenues. For the first 15 years, half the money would be used to pay off debt. The plan also sets limits on how funds can be withdrawn during a recession and creates a reserve for K –12 schools. In general, do you favor or oppose this plan? 76% favor 16 oppose 8 don’t know 23 . On another topic, would you say that the supply of water is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not much of a problem in your part of California? 59% big problem 26 somewhat of a problem 15 not much of a problem 1 don’t know 24. How closely are you following news about the drought emergencies that Governor Brown has recently declared —very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely? 25% very closely 41 fairly closely 22 not too closely 12 not at all closely 1 don’t k now [rotate questions 24a and 24b] 24a.Are you and your family using less water on indoor activities like showers, baths, and washing dishes, or not? ( if yes: Have you been using a lot less or a little less water?) 79% total yes 40 a lot less 39 a little less 19 no 2 don’t know 24b. Are you and your family using less water on lawn care and landscaping, or not, or do you not have outdoor space at your home? ( if yes: Have you been using a lot less or a little less water?) 66% total yes 38 a lot less 28 a little less 11 no 21 do not have outdoor space at home 2 have outdoor space, but not responsible for taking care of it (volunteered) 1 don’t know May 2014 Californians and Their Government 30 PPIC Statewide Survey Changing topics, 25. How much of the time do you think you can trust the state government in Sacramento to do what is right —just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time? 5% just about always 25 most of the time 59 only some of the time 8 none of the time (volunteered) 2 don’t know 26. Would you say the state g overnment is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves, or that it is run for the benefit of all of the people? 60% a few big interests 32 benefit of all of the people 7 don’t know 27. Do you think the people in state government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it? 48% a lot 41 some 6 don’t waste very much 5 don’t know 28. On another topic, overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Barack Obama is handling his job as president of the United States? 51% approve 45 disapprove 4 don’t know 29. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is handling its job? 24% approve 69 disapprove 7 don’t know 30. Overall, do you approve or disapprov e of the way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress is handling his or her job? 48% approve 36 disapprove 16 don’t know 31. Next, how much of the time do you think you can trust the federal government in Washington toda y to do what is right —just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time? 5% just about always 21 most of the time 64 only some of the time 8 none of the time (volunteered) 1 don’t know 32. Would you say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves, or that it is run for the benefit of all of the people? 70% a few big interests 23 benefit of all of the people 7 don’t know 33. Do you think the people in the federal go vernment waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it? 58% a lot 33 some 6 don’t waste very much 3 don’t know Next, 34. As you may know, a health reform bill was signed into law in 2010. Given what you know about the health reform law, do you have a [rotate] (1 ) [generally favorable] [or] (2 ) [generally unfavorable] opinion of it? 48% generally favorable 43 generally unfa vorable 9 don’t know May 2014 Californians and Their Government 31 PPIC Statewide Survey 35. As you may know, as part of the 2010 health care law the government has set up health insurance exchanges around the country that people can use to compare plans and purchase health insurance. Just your impression, how well has California’s health insurance exchange called “Covered California” been working —very well, fairly well, not too well, or not at all well? 14% very well 40 fairly well 23 not too well 12 not at all well 11 don’t know 36. Next, do you think that global warming will pose a serious threat to you or your way of life in your lifetime? 61% yes 35 no 3 don’t know [rotate questions 37 and 38] 37. Do you favor or oppose increased use of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, a drilling method that uses high- pressure water and chemicals to extract oil and natural gas from underground rock formations? 30% favor 54 oppose 15 don’t know 38. Do you favor or oppose building the Keystone XL pipeline that would transport oil from Canada’s oil sands region through the M idwest to refineries in Texas? 46% favor 38 oppose 16 don’t know Please tell me if you think each of the following phrases better describes [rotate] (1 ) the Republican Party and its leaders [or] (2 ) the Democratic Party and its leaders. [rotate questions 39 to 41a] 39. Governs in a more honest and ethical way. 23% Republican Party 47 Democratic Party 6 both (volunteered) 15 neither (volunteered) 9 don’t know 40. Is more concerned with the needs of people like me. 27% Republican Party 52 Democratic Party 3 both (volunteered) 9 neither (volunteered) 8 don’t know 41. Is more extreme in its positions. 51% Republican Party 29 Democratic Party 7 both (volunteered) 3 neither (volunteered) 9 don’t know 41a.Is more influenced by lobbyists and special interests. 42% Republican Party 28 Democratic Party 17 both (volunteered) 2 neither (volunteered) 11 don’t know Changing topics, 42. How big a problem is poverty in our society today? Is it a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not much of a problem? 68% big problem 25 somewhat of a problem 7 not much of a problem – don’t know 43. How much do you think government policies and programs can do to reduce poverty in this country —a lot, some, not much, or nothing at all? 46% a lot 31 some 14 not much 7 nothing at all 2 don’t know May 2014 Californians and Their Government 32 PPIC Statewide Survey 44. Next, would you consider yourself to be politically: [read list, rotate order top to bottom] 12% very liberal 21 somewhat liberal 32 middle -of -the -road 21 somewhat conservative 11 very conservative 3 don’t know 45. Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics —a great deal, a fair amount, only a little, or none? 17% great deal 37 fair amount 36 only a little 10 none 1 don’t know 4 6 . Next, do you smoke cigarettes? 15% yes 85 no [d1 to d5: demographic questions] D6. Are you, yourself, now covered by any form of health insurance or health plan or do you not have health insurance at this time? D6a. Which of the following is your main source of health insur ance coverage? Is it a plan through your employer, a plan through your spouse’s employer, a plan you purchased yourself either from an insurance company or the state or federal marketplace, are you covered by Medicare or Medi -CAL, or do you get your health insurance from somewhere else? 83 % yes, covered by health insurance 29 through employer 14 Medicare 13 Medi -Cal 10 through spouse’s employer 9 self-purchased plan [ask d6b] 4 through parents/mother/ father (volunteered ) 3 somewhere else (specify) 1 other government plan (volunteered ) 15 not insured 2 don’t know/refused D6b. [of those who purchased a plan themselves] Did you purchase your plan directly from an insurance company, from the marketplace known as healthcare.gov or Covered California, or through an insurance agent or broker? ( if agent or broker: Do you know if the plan you purchased through a broker was a plan from the state or federal health insurance marketplace known as healthcare.gov or Covered California, or was it a p lan purchased directly from an insurance company and not through an exchange or marketplace? ) 43% from an insurance company, either directly or through a broker 53 from healthcare.gov/ Covered California , either directly or through a broker 4 don’t know /refused Summary of D6, D6a, D6b 83 % yes, covered by health insurance 29 through employer 14 Medicare 13 Medi -Cal 10 through spouse’s employer 9 self-purchased plan 4 from an insurance company, either directly or through a broker 5 from healthcare.gov/ Covered California, either directly or through a broker 4 through parents/mother/ father (volunteered ) 3 somewhere else (specify) 1 other government plan (volunteered) 15 not insured 2 don’t know/refused [d7 to d18: demographic questions] May 2014 Californians and Their Government 33 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ruben Barrales President and CEO GROW Elect Angela Blackwell Founder and CEO PolicyLink Mollyann Brodie Senior Vice President Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Director Bill Lane Center for the American West Stanford University Jon Cohen Vice President of Survey Research SurveyMonkey Russell Hancock President and CEO Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Senior Scholar School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Robert Lapsley President California Business Roundtable Carol S. Larson President and CEO The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Monica Lozano Publisher and CEO La Opinión Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Lisa Pitney Vice President, Government Relations The Walt Disney Company Robert K. Ross, M.D. President and CEO The California Endowment Most Reverend Jaime Soto Bishop of Sacramento Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento Carol Whiteside President Emeritus Great Valley Center The PPIC Statewide Survey Advisory Committee is a diverse group of experts who provide advice on survey issues. However, survey methods, questions, content, and timing are determined solely by PPIC. PPIC BOARD OF DIRECTORS Donna Lucas, Chair Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Mark Baldassare President and CEO Public Policy Institute of California Ruben Barrales President and CEO GROW Elect María Blanco Vice President, Civic Engagement California Community Foundation Brigitte Bren Attorney Walter B. Hewlett Member, Board of Directors The William and Flora Hewle tt Foundation Phil Isenberg Vice Chair, Delta Stewardship Council Mas Masumoto Author and Farmer Steven A. Merksamer Senior Partner Nielsen, Merksamer, Parrinello, Gross & Leoni , LLP Kim Polese Chairman ClearStreet, Inc. Thomas C. Sutton Retired Chairman and CEO Pacific Life Insurance Company The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research on major economic, social, and political issues. The institute’s goal is to raise public awareness and to give elected representatives and other decision makers a more informed basis for developing policies and programs. The institute’s research focuses on the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public policy concerns, including economic development, education, environment and resources, governance, population, public finance, and social and health policy. PPIC is a public charity . It does not take or support positions on any ballot measures or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. PPIC was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. Mark Baldassare is President and CEO of PPIC. Donna Lucas is Chair of the Board of Directors. Short sections of text, not to exceed three paragraphs, may be quoted without written permission provided that full attribution is given to the source and the copyright notice below is included. Copyright © 201 4 Public Policy Institute of California All r ights reserved. San Francisco, CA PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, California 94111 phone: 415.291.4400 fax: 415.291.4401 PPIC SACRAMENTO CENT ER Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, California 95814 phone: 916.440.1120 fax: 916.440.1121 www.ppic.org survey@ppic.org" } ["___content":protected]=> string(102) "

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" ["_permalink":protected]=> string(107) "https://www.ppic.org/publication/ppic-statewide-survey-californians-and-their-government-may-2014/s_514mbs/" ["_next":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_prev":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_css_class":protected]=> NULL ["id"]=> int(8917) ["ID"]=> int(8917) ["post_author"]=> string(1) "1" ["post_content"]=> string(0) "" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:42:06" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(4369) ["post_status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["post_title"]=> string(8) "S 514MBS" ["post_type"]=> string(10) "attachment" ["slug"]=> string(8) "s_514mbs" ["__type":protected]=> NULL ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(12) "S_514MBS.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "671101" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(94114) "CONTENTS About the Survey 2 Press Release 3 State Government 6 Federal Government 16 Regional Map 24 Methodology 25 Questionnaire and Results 27 their government M AY 2 0 1 4 & P P I C S TAT E W I D E S U R V E Y Californians Mark Baldassare Dean Bonner Sonja Petek Jui Shrestha i T ABOUT THE SURVEY The PPIC Statewide Sur vey provides policymakers, the media, and the public with objective, advocacy- free information on the perceptions, opinions, and public policy preferences of California residents. This is the 142nd PPIC Statewide Sur vey in a series that was inaugurated in April 1998 and has generated a database of responses from more than 297,000 Californians. This is the 62nd in the Californians and Their Government series. The survey is conducted periodically to examine the social, economic, and political trends that influence public policy preferences and ballot choices. Suppor ted with funding from The James Ir vine Foundation, the series seeks to inform decisionmakers, raise public awareness, and stimulate policy discussions and debate about impor tant state and national issues. This sur vey was conducted in the midst of an ongoing drought emergency , in the wake of the suspension of three Democratic state senators accused of wrongdoing , and just weeks before the June primar y. During our inter view period, Governor Brown, who is seeking an unprecedented four th term, released a revised state budget propo sal for 2014–15. T he governor and legislature held a special session to discuss changes to the state’s rainy day fund. Just before our sur vey, t hey agreed upon a proposal that would replace an existing rainy day proposal on the November 2014 ballot. At the national level, the deadline to sign up for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act passed, and enrollment exceeded eight million nationally —including more than three million in California . A government repor t on climate change highlight ing the detrimental effects of climate change across the nation was released just before we began inter viewing . And national energy policy remains a highly contentious issue in Congress . The sur vey presents the responses of 1,702 a dult residents throughout California, inter viewed in English or Spanish by landline or cell phone. It includes findings on the following topics:  State government, including approval ratings of elected officials; overall mood; perceptions of fiscal issues; preferences for raising new revenues ; perceptions of the state budget , including views on reducing debt and building the reser ve instead of restoring social ser vice cuts ; opinions on the g overnor’s revised budget and rainy day fund proposal s; views on regional water supply, attention to news about the drought emergency , and degree of water use reduction; trust in state government; and preferences in the gubernatorial primar y .  Federal government, including approval ratings of elected officials; trust in federal government; opinions on health care reform , including views on the state’s health care exchange; support for fracking and the Keystone XL p ipeline; views on poverty and the government’s role in reducing it; and perceptions of political parties and their leaders .  Time trends, national comparisons, and the extent to which Californians may differ in their perceptions, attitudes, and preferences regarding state and federal government based on political par ty affiliation, likelihood of voting, region of residence, race/ethnicity, and other demographics. This repor t may be downloaded free of charge from our website ( www.ppic.org). If you have questions about the sur vey, please contact sur vey@ppic.org . Tr y our PPIC Statewide Sur vey interactive tools online at http://www.ppic.org/main/sur vAdvancedSearch.asp. May 2014 Californians and Their Government 2 PPIC Statewide Survey The governor continues to lead the primary race among primary likely voters, with 48 percent saying they would vote for him. Far fewer favor R epublicans Tim Donnelly (15%) or Neel Kashkari (10%), although s upport for each has grown slightly since April (Donnelly 9%, Kashkari 2%). About a quarter of likely primary voters (27%) are undecided. Most Democratic primary likely voters (79%) would vote for Brown. Among Republicans, support is somewhat higher for Donnelly (30%) than Kashkari (21%) , but 34 percent are still undecided—down from 58 percent in April . Among independents, 41 percent favor Brown, 35 percent are undecided, and 24 percent would vote for one of the Republican candidates. Half of primary likely voters (53%) are satisfied with their choice of candidates, with Democrats being far more likely to be satisfied (65%) than Republicans (43%). Among independents, 48 percent are satisfied. L ess than half of primary likely voters (46%) say they are following news about the candidates very or fairly closely—a much smaller share than in May 2010 (67%). DEMOCRATIC SCANDALS HAVE LITTLE IMPACT O N VIEWS OF LEGISLATURE In the aftermath of political scandals that resulted in the suspension of three Democratic state senators, 36 percent of likely voters say they approve of the way the California Legislature is handling its job —about the same as in January (33%) and higher than last May (29%). Asked ab out the job performance of their own representatives in the assembly and state senate, 43 percent of likely voters approve, about the same as in January (45%) and up slightly from 38 percent last May. How much do likely voters trust their state government? A majority (61%) say it can be trusted to do what is right only some of the time . Others (11%) volunteer that it can be trusted “none of the time.” Far fewer say state government can be trusted just about always (3%) or most of the time (2 4%). A strong majority says state government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves (68%), while just 24 percent say it is run for the benefit of all the people. This level of distrust is high, but it is about the same as it w as in December (76% can trust government some or none of the time, 71% government run by a few big interests). A slim majority of likely voters (53%) say the state government wastes a lot of taxpayer money, a slight decline since December, when 60 percent of likely voters held this view. “Distrust in government runs high among Californians,” Baldassare said. “In this context, the recent unprecedented suspension of three Democratic state senators has had little to no effect on legislative approval ratings and party perceptions.” The survey asked whether each of the following phrases better describes the Republican Party and its leaders or the Democratic Party and its leaders , and likely voters responded this way:  Governs in a more honest and ethical way? 28 percent choose the Republicans, 46 percent choose the Democrats.  Is more concerned with the needs of people like me? 32 percent choose the Republicans, 51 percent choose the Democrats.  Is more extreme in its positions? 54 percent choose the Republicans, 33 percent choose the Democrats.  Is more influenced by lobbyists and special interests? 42 percent choose the Republicans, 27 percent choose the Democrats , and 25 percent volunteer that this describes both parties . OBAMA JOB APPROVAL HOVERS NEAR HIS RECORD LOW Half of likely voters (50%) approve of the job President Obama is doing, similar to his record low of 4 6 percent in January. Approval of Congress is at 14 percent, up 5 points from the record low of 9 percent in March. In May 2010 before the last midte rm elections, approval was at 26 percent. And 48 percent of likely voters approve of the way their own representative in the U.S. House is handling his or her job. May 2014 Californians and Their Government 4 PPIC Statewide Survey Levels of trust in the federal government are lower than in the state government. An overwh elming majority of California likely voters either say the government in Washington can be trusted to do what is right only some of the time (68%) or volunteer “ none of the time” (11%). A strong majority (67%) say the government wastes a lot of taxpayer money. DROUGHT HITS HOME —MOST SAY THEY’RE USI NG LESS WATER In the midst of a severe drought, 66 percent of Californians say they are following news about it closely. A record -hig h 59 percent say water supply in their area is a big problem (26% somewhat of a problem, 15% not much of a problem). This is a view held by majorities of coastal residents (59%) and inland residents (58%) alike. An overwhelming majority of residents say they are using less water (40% a lot less, 39% a little less) on indoor activities like showers, baths, and washing dishes, while 19 percent say they are not reducing indoor water use. A strong majority are using less water (38% a lot less, 28% a little less) on lawn care and landscaping, while 11 percent say they are not. Another 23 percent say they have no outdoor space or are not responsible for its upkeep. Across regions, Central Valley residents are the most likely to say they are using a lot less water indoors (45%) or out (47%). CALIFORNIANS PESSIMISTIC ON IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE On the heels of a government report on the impact of climate change across the nation, the survey asked Californians their views on global warming. Most (61 %) say global warming will pose a serious threat to them or their way of life in their lifetime, while 35 percent say it will not. A March survey by Gallup found nearly the opposite among adults nationwide (36% yes, 64% no). California likely voters are less pessimistic th an residents overall, with half (51%) saying global warming will pose a serious threat in their lifetime. As the legislature considers a temporary moratorium on hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, about a third of Californians (30%) favor increas ing its use, while 54 percent are opposed. Support for increased fracking has declined (39% May 2013, 35% July 2013, 32% September 2013, 30% today). Californians are more likely to be in favor of building the Keystone XL pipeline (46%) than opposed (38%) —although support has declined somewhat (53% May 2013, 51% July 2013, 46% today). MAJORITY SAY COVERED CALIFORNIA IS WORKING WELL In the survey’s first assessment of views on health care reform since open enrollment ended, opinion on the law is relatively unchanged. Today, 48 percent of Californians have a generally favorable opinion of it and 4 2 percent have a generally unfavorable one. Adults with health insurance are divided (49% favorable, 41% unfavorable), while those without it are more lik ely to feel unfavorably (52% unfavorable, 41% favorable). When they are asked to assess California’s health insurance exchange, Covered California, a majority of adults (54%) say it is working well (14% very well, 40% fairly well), a third say it has not been working well (23% not too well, 12% not at all well), and 11 percent don’t know. Younger Californians —age 18 to 34— are much more likely (65%) than older Californians to say the state’s insurance exchange is working well (47% age 35– 54, 50% age 55 and older). MORE KEY FINDINGS Proposition 13 remains popular among all adults, likely voters—page 9 Most residents also believe state voters should make some fiscal decisions about at the ballot box. Support for raising cigarette, alcohol taxes —but not for a tax on oil and natural gas extraction , vehicle license fees —page 10 Improving fiscal and economic conditions have not changed Californians’ views on state taxes. Most say poverty is a big problem —page 21 The share of Californians who say poverty is a big problem is 68 percent—up 11 points since Januar y 20 06, before the recession. May 2014 Californians and Their Government 5 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 6 STATE GOVERNMENT KEY FINDINGS  Fifty percent of Californians approve of Governor Brown; 40 approve of the legislature overall and 43 percent approve of their own legislators. (page 7 )  A plurality of Californians continue to name jobs and the economy as the most important issue facing the state; 12 percent name water and drought. ( page 8)  Fourteen percent of Californians say they know a lot about how state and local governments raise and spend money; 76 percent say voters should have some say in state budget issues. (page 9 )  Solid majorities of Californians favor increasing taxes on cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. Fewer than half favor taxing the extraction of oil and natural gas; eight in 10 oppose raising the vehicle license fee. (page 10)  Fifty-two percent of Californians think the state budget situation is a big problem. Californians are divided on what to do with the budget surplus, but three in four favor the governor’s revised budget proposal and the recently agreed upon rainy day fund proposal. ( pages 11, 12 )  Most Californians express distrust in state government and about half think it wastes a lot of taxpayer money. ( page 13)  Six in 10 Californians say the supply of water is a big problem in their part of California and most say they are using less water on both indoor and outdoor activities. (page 14)  Jerry Brown (48%) leads in the gubernatorial primary among primary likely voters, with one in four voters undecided. (page 15) PPIC Statewide S urvey APPROVAL RATINGS OF STATE ELECTED OFFICIALS With only a few weeks before the California June primary, 50 percent of adults and 54 percent of likely voters approve of the way that Jerry Br own is handling his job as California governor. The governor’s approval ratings had reached a record -high 58 percent among adults and 60 percent among likely voters in our January poll. Last May, 48 percent of both adults and likely voters approved of Jerr y Brown’s job performance. Today, t he governor’s approval rating is far higher among Democrats (70%) than among independents (46%) and Republicans (27%). Approval is at 50 percent for men and women. His approval rating is also higher in the San Francisco B ay Area (58%) and Los Angeles (53%) than in other regions (46% Central Valley, 44% Orange/San Diego, 41% Inland Empire). Pluralities express approval across age, education, and income groups. In the wake of recent political scandals that resulted in the su spension of three Democratic state senators , 40 percent of California adults and 36 percent of likely voters approve of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job. The legislature’s approval ratings today have changed little since January (42% adults, 33% likely voters) and are higher than they were last May (35% adults, 29% likely voters). Today, 51 percent of Democrats express approval, compared to 32 percent of independents and 17 percent of Republicans. San Francisco Bay Area (45%) and Los Angeles residents (45%) express higher approval ratings than residents in other regions do (35% Inland Empire, 34% Orange/San Diego, 34% Central Valley) . Whites (27%) express lower approval than other racial/ethnic groups do . “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that…?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California Approve 50% 70 % 27 % 46 % 54 % Disapprove 30 16 57 33 35 Don ʼt know 20 14 16 21 11 The California Legislature is handling its job Approve 40 51 17 32 36 Disapprove 44 33 73 54 54 Don ʼt know 16 16 10 15 11 Forty -three percent of adults and likely voters approve of the job of the ir own state legislators . The se approval ratings were at 48 percent for adults and 45 percent for likely voters in January, and 43 percent for adults and 38 percent for likely voters last May. Today, Democrats (56 %) give higher approval ratings to their state legislators than do independ ents (35%) and Republicans (31%). San Francisco Bay Area (50%) and Los Angeles (46%) residents give higher ratings than residents in other regions (40% Inland Empire, 38% Central Valley, 33% Orange/San Diego) . “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the job that the state legislators representing your assembly and senate districts are doing at this time?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Approve 43% 56 % 31 % 35 % 43 % Disapprove 40 28 55 52 44 Don’t know 17 17 14 13 13 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 7 PPIC Statewide S urvey OVERALL MOOD What is the most important issue facing the people of California today ? Californians are most likely to mention j obs and the economy (33%), followed by water and the drought (12 %). These findings are similar to those in our March survey (32% jobs and economy, 15% water and drought). Other issues mentioned today include education (8%), the state budget and taxes (7%), immigration (5%), crime and gangs (4%), housing costs (3 %), the environment (2%), health care (2%) , and homelessness (2%). Water and the drought feature as the top issue most often in the Central Valley (20%), followed by the San Francisco Bay Area (13%), the Inland Empire (10%), Orange/San Diego (9%), and Los Angeles (8%). Today, 45 percent of adults and 44 percent of lik ely voters say things in California are generally going in the right direction. In our January poll, 53 percent of adults said that the state was going in the right direction, while 46 percent held this view last May. Currently, 61 percent of Democrats say that things are going in the right direction , compared to 40 percent of independents and 24 percent of Republicans . San Francisco Bay Area residents (53%) and Los Angeles residents (52%) are the most likely to say that things are going in the right direct ion, followed by those living in Orange/San Diego (40%), the Central Valley (39%), and the Inland Empire (23%). W hites (34%) are much less likely than Latinos (50%) to say that things are going in the right direction . (Sample sizes for Asians and blacks ar e too small for separate analysis.) Sixty -seven percent of those who approve of Governor Brown say that things in California are generally going in the right direction. “Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the w rong direction?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Right direction 45% 61 % 24 % 40 % 44 % Wrong direction 48 31 73 54 50 Don’t know 7 8 3 6 6 Currently, 44 percent of adults and likely voters say the state will have good times financially in the next 12 months. In January, 49 percent of adults expected good times financially, while 48 percent held this outlook last May. Today, San Francisco Bay Area resident s (56%) are more likely to expect good economic times than those living in Los Angeles (47%), Orange/San Diego (41%), the Central Valley (35%), and the Inland Empire (31%). There is a partisan divide on this issue, with Democrats (53%) expressing much more optimism about future economic conditions in the state than independents (36%) and Republicans (34%). The expectation for good economic times is higher among men (50%) than women (38%). College graduates and those in households earning $80,000 or more are more likely than others to expect good economic times . Sixty-two percent of those who approve of Governor Brown expect good times financially in the state during the next 12 months. “Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times?” All adults Region Likely voters Central Valley San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Good times 44% 35 % 56% 47% 41% 31% 44 % Bad times 47 56 32 45 51 60 46 Don’t know 9 10 12 8 9 9 10 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 8 PPIC Statewide S urvey PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS O F FISCAL ISSUES California voters are making major tax and spending decisions at the ballot box, such as passing the Proposition 30 tax initiative in November 2012. This November t hey will be asked to vote on a rainy day fund measure and a state water bond is scheduled for this ballot as well . Do Californians consider themselves knowledgeable on fiscal issues? Fourteen percent of adults and 18 percent of likely voters say they know a lot about how the state and their local governments spend and raise money. Four in 10 adults (38%) say they know something about these issues , while nearly half say they know very little (35%) or nothing (12%). The share saying they know a lot or some ab out state and local fiscal issues increases as age, education, and income rise; it is higher among those who own their own homes. “In general, how much would you say you know about how your state and local governments spend and raise money?” All adults Education Likely voters High school or less Some college College graduate A lot 14% 13 % 11 % 18 % 18 % Some 38 28 43 50 53 Very little 35 42 35 24 26 Nothing 12 14 11 7 2 Don’t know 2 2 1 1 1 Californians have a strong preference for state voters weighing in on issues involving spending and taxes , even though most don’t perceive themselves as knowing a lot about state and local finance. Who should mak e the tough choices involved in the state budget this year ? Seventy-six percent of adults say that California voters should make some of the decisions about spending and taxes at the ballot box . Only 16 percent say the governor and legislature should make all of the decisions. Likely voters hold similar views. In four surveys since May 2011, m ore than three in four adults have prefer red that voters make some of the fiscal decisions. Large majorities across political, regional , racial/ethnic, age, education, income, and homeowner/renter groups hold this view . “And when it comes to the tough choices involved in the state budget this year, would you prefer that the governor and legislature make all of the decisions about spending and taxes, or that California voters make some of the decisions about spending and taxes at the ballot box?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Governor and legislature 16% 20 % 12 % 18 % 18 % California voters 76 75 83 73 76 Other/Both (volunteered) 5 3 2 6 4 Don’t know 4 2 3 3 2 Thirty -six years after the Proposition 13 property tax initiative passed in June 1978, Californians continue to have an overall positive view of this historic measure. Majorities of adults (56%) and likely voters (63%) say Proposition 13 has been mostly a good thing for California. In the eight times that we have asked this question since February 2003, majorities of adults have said that Proposition 13 has been mostly a good thing —with the sole exception of May 2005, when 47 percent said that Proposition 13 was mostly a good thi ng. Pluralities across the state’s regions today and at least half across political, age, education, income, and homeowner/renter groups say that Proposition 13 has been mostly a good thing. May 2014 Californians and Their Government 9 PPIC Statewide S urvey RAISING STATE REVENU ES Have Californians ’ attitudes toward raising state taxes changed in light of improving fiscal and economic conditions? We asked about raising the state’s cigarette taxes, alcoholic beverage taxes, oil and natural gas extraction taxes, and the vehicle license fee. More than s ix in 10 adults are in favor of increasing taxes on the purchase of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. Public support for taxing the extraction of oil and natural gas falls short of a majority, and fewer than one in five would favor increasing the vehicle license fee. The overall trends from our previous polls are similar . At least six in 10 adults have been in favor of raising the cigarette tax since we began asking this question in January 2006, while majorities have been opposed to increasing the vehicle license fee since we began asking about it in February 2003. Today’s views on taxes for alcoholic beverages and the extraction of oil and natural gas in California were similar to those in March 2013, the first time these questions were asked. “For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal.” Increasing state taxes on the purchase of cigarettes Increasing state taxes on the purchase of alcoholic beverages Taxing the extraction of oil and natural gas in California Increasing the California vehicle license fee Favor 69% 61 % 43 % 18 % Oppose 30 37 51 79 Don’t know 1 2 7 3 Majorities of likely voters, Democrats, independents, and Californians across regions and income groups favor increasing state taxes on the purchase of cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. Thirty -two percent of cigarette smokers and 76 percent of nonsmokers favor a state cigarette tax increase. About half of Democrats , independent s, San Francisco Bay Area residents, college graduates, and upper -income Californians favor taxing oil and natural gas extraction. S upport for a vehicle license fee increase falls far short of a majority among likely voters and is low across all political , regional, and income groups. “For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal.” Percent saying favor Increasing state taxes on the purchase of cigarettes Increasing state taxes on the purchase of alcoholic beverages Taxing the extraction of oil and natural gas in California Increasing the California vehicle license fee All adults 69% 61 % 43 % 18 % Likely voters 68 58 48 17 Party Democrats 76 67 53 17 Republicans 58 46 26 9 Independents 65 56 50 24 Region Central Valley 63 62 38 15 San Francisco Bay Area 71 62 51 29 Los Angeles 69 60 42 14 Orange/San Diego 68 55 43 17 Inland Empire 66 62 28 9 Household income Under $40,000 68 64 38 16 $40,000 to under $80,000 63 59 40 13 $80,000 or more 75 58 54 27 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 10 PPIC Statewide S urvey STATE BUDGET SITUATI ON Californians continue to think that the state budget situation in California is a problem —52 percent say it is a big problem and 38 percent say it is somewhat of a problem . Just 5 percent say it is not a problem. Likely voters hold similar views (58% big problem, 34% somewhat of a problem). Findings were similar in January (50% big problem, 40% somewhat of a problem), but Californians were more pessimistic last May (61% big problem, 30% somewhat of a problem). Partisans are divided on the budget situation, with more Republicans (76%) than independents (51%) or Democrats (45%) saying it is a big problem . Residents in Orange/San Diego (59%) are the most likely to think the budget situation is a big problem, followed by those in the Inland Empire (55%), Los Angeles (53%), the Central Valley (52%), and the San Francisco Bay Area (45%). Younger, less educated, and less affluent Californians are less likely than their older, more educated, and more affluent counterparts to say the budget is a big problem. Governor Brown released his May budget revision on May 13. Among those interviewed before the May revision , 55 percent said the budget situation is a big problem; among those interviewed afterward, 48 percent said this . “Do you think the state budget situation in California— that is, the balance between government spending and revenues—is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem for the people of California today?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Big problem 52% 45 % 76 % 51 % 58 % Somewhat of a problem 38 45 21 34 34 Not a problem 5 6 2 10 5 Don’t know 4 3 – 4 2 California is projected to have a budget surplus of several billion dollars over the next several years . How would Californians prefer to use this extra money? Residents are divided: 46 percent would prefer to pay down state debt and build up the reserve, while 48 percent would prefer to restore some funding for social service programs that were cut in recent years. Likely voters are much more likely to prefer paying down debt and building up the reserve (57%) than restoring social service funding (39%). Preference for paying down the debt has been higher in the past (55% January 2013, 55% May 2013, 54% January 2014, 46% today). Part isans are divided on this issue: 59 percent of Democrats prefer restoring social service funding, while 76 percent of Republicans and 54 percent of independents prefer paying down debt and building up the reserve. Half of men (52%) prefer paying down debt (43% restore social services) , while half of women (53%) prefer restoring social service funding (41% pay down debt) . Support for paying down the debt rises as income levels increase. Among those who call the budget a big problem, 56 p ercent prefer paying down debt. “The state is projected to have a budget surplus of several billion dollars over the next several years. In general, how would you prefer to use this extra money? Would you prefer to pay down state debt and build up the reserve or would you prefer to use some of this money to restore some funding for social service programs that were cut in recent years?” All adults Household income Likely voters Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Pay debt, build reserve 46% 36 % 50 % 61 % 57 % Restore some funding for social service programs 48 59 44 35 39 Don ʼt know 5 6 6 3 5 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 11 PPIC Statewide S urvey GOVERNOR BROWN’S BUDGET PROPOSAL Governor Brown released his revised state budget proposal for the next fiscal year on May 13. The revision , which is largely similar to his January plan, calls for increased funding for Medi -Cal, more money for drought -related expenditures, and increases in contributions to the California State Teachers’ Retirement System. Beginning May 13 we asked about the revised budget plan ; after hearing a brief summary of the plan, three in four Californians (74%) are in favor and one in five are opposed (18%). More than six in 10 across parties (84% Democrats, 76% independents 62% Republicans) and s trong majorities across regions and demographic groups favor the revised proposal. Before May 13 we asked a similar question about the January budget proposal and a similar 70 percent of Californians were in favor. “Governor Brown recently released a revised budget plan for th e next fiscal year that will increase s pending on K –12 and higher education and Medi- Cal. It also modestly increases spending on prisons and courts and health and human services, increases contributions to the California State Teachers’ Retirement System, and allocates money for drought- related expenditures. The plan includes $11 billion to pay down the state’s debt , including repayment of previously deferred payments to K –12 schools and paying off economic recovery bonds that were passed in 2004 to balance the budget. The plan puts $1.6 billion into the state’s rainy day fund and includes no new taxes. In general, do you favor or oppose the governor’s budget plan?” Favor Oppose Don’t know All adults 74% 18% 7% Likely voters 73 20 7 Party Democrats 84 11 5 Republicans 62 31 7 Independents 76 16 9 Region Central Valley 81 13 6 San Francisco Bay Area 74 13 12 Los Angeles 71 22 7 Other Southern California * 71 22 7 *Due to sample size constraints for this question, we combined Inland Empire and Orange/San Diego into “Other Southern Califo rnia.” Just before we began our survey the governor and the legislature agreed on a bipartisan plan that would change the state’s rainy day fund. The plan includes setting aside 1.5 percent of general fund revenues every year , along with any capital gains revenues that exceed 8 percent of general fund revenues . For the next 15 years , half of the money will be used to pay off debt. It also establishes a Proposition 98 reserve fund for schools. After hearing a brief description of the plan, 76 percent of Californians and 74 percent of likely voters are in favor. There is bipartisan support for the plan (81% Democrats, 67% Republicans) ; 73 percent of independents are also in favor. Across regions, strong majorities support the plan, as do at least seven in 10 across demographic groups. “The governor and the legislature are placing a measure on the November 2014 ballot that would change the state’s rainy day fund. The plan includes setting aside 1.5 percent of general fund revenues every year and any capital gains revenues that exceed 8 percent of general fund revenues. For the first 15 years, half the money would be used to pay off debt. The plan also sets limits on how funds can be withdrawn during a recession and creates a reserve for K –12 schools. In general, do you favor or oppose this plan?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Favor 76% 81% 67% 73% 74% Oppose 16 12 21 20 17 Don’t know 8 7 12 7 9 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 12 PPIC Statewide Survey May 2014 Californians and Their Government 13 TRUST IN STATE GOVERNMENT Has distrust in the state government increased in the wake of the recent, unprecedented suspensions of three state senators? A strong majority of Californians continue to think that the state government in Sacramento can be trusted only some of the time (59%) or volunteer it can be trusted none of the time (8%). These levels of distrust were similar in December 2013 (71%) and last May (66 %); in periodic surveys since August 2002, more than six in 10 Californians have expressed distrust. Republicans (85%) are more likely than independents (68%) and Democrats (60%) to say t hey can trust state government only some of the time or never. Across regional, age, education, and income groups at least six in 10 express distrust. Among racial/ethnic groups, whites (77%) are much more likely than Latinos (60%) to express distrust. “How much of the time do you think you can trust the state government in Sacramento to do what is right—just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Just about always 5% 5% 4% 3% 3% Most of the time 25 35 10 27 24 Only some of the time 59 57 69 57 61 None of the time (volunteered) 8 3 16 11 11 Don’t know 2 1 2 2 1 Six in 10 Californians (60%) and two in three likely voters (68%) say the state government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves ; fewer say it is run for the benefit of all the people (32% Californians, 24% likely voters). Today’s view among all adults that state government is run by a few big interests is similar to that in December 2013 (65%) and last May (61%); nearly every time we have asked this question since 1999 at least six in 10 Californians have held this view (5 4% in January 2002 is the only exception). Republicans (77%) are more likely than indepe ndents (61%) and Democrats (57%) to say that state government is run by a few big interests. Whites (71%) are much more likely than Latinos (53%) to say this. About half of Californians (48%) think the people in state government waste a lot of taxpayer money, another 41 percent say state government wastes some , and just 6 percent say they don’t waste very much of it. In December 2013 and May 2013, slightly more than half of Californians (54% each time) said that a lot of money is wasted. Today, the sh are saying that a lot is wasted has dropped below 50 percent for the first time since January 2002 (38%). Republicans (70%) are far more likely than independents (47%) or Democrats (36%) to think a lot of money is was ted. Residents in the Central Valley (57%) are the most likely to think a lot is wasted, followed by those in the Inland Empire (55%), Los Angeles (48%), Orange/San Diego (46% ), and the San Francisco Bay Area (43%). “Do you think the people in state government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind A lot 48% 36% 70% 47% 53% Some 41 52 23 49 39 Don’t waste very much 6 9 3 1 5 Don’t know 5 4 4 3 3 PPIC Statewide S urvey STATE WATER SUPPLY In the midst of today’s severe drought, a record -high share of Californians (59%) say that the water supply in their part of the state is a big problem, one in four (26%) say it is somewhat of a problem, and 15 percent say it is not a problem. In March, 55 percent of Californians viewed water supply as a big problem. In December 2009, during the last drought, 44 percent held this view. Across regions today, a majority of Californians (except in the Inland Empire: 47%), view water supply as a big problem. “Would you say that the supply of water is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not much of a problem in your part of California?” All adults Region Inland/Coastal Central Valley San Francisco Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Inland Coastal Big problem 59% 67% 55% 57% 59% 47% 58% 59% Somewhat of a problem 26 20 30 28 23 33 26 25 Not much of a problem 15 12 14 14 18 19 15 15 Don’t know 1 1 – 1 1 1 1 1 Governor Brown first declared a drought emergency in January and made a second proclamation in April, making it easier for water agencies to take necessary steps to manage water use. Two in three Californians (66%) say they are following news about the drought emergencies closely (25% very closely, 41% fairly closely); one in three say they are not (22% not too closely, 12% not at all closely) . Eight in 10 Californians say they and their family are using less water (40% a lot less, 39% a little less) on indoor activities like showers, baths, and washing dishes; 19 percent say they are not reducing indoor water use. Slightly more than four in 10 residents in the Central Valley (45%), Los Angeles (41%) , and Orange/San Diego (41%) report using a lot less water indoors ; somewhat fewer say this in the San Francisco Bay Area (35%) and Inland Empire (33%). Two in three Californians report using less water (38% a lot less, 28% a little less) on lawn care and landscaping , while 11 percent say they are not ; 23 percent say they have no outdoor space or are not responsible for its upkeep. Central Valley residents (47%) are the most likely to say they are using a lot less water outdoors, followed by those in the Inland Empire (39%), Los Angeles (38%), the San Francisco Bay Area (35%), and Orange/San Diego (30%). Close to three in 10 residents in the San Francisco Bay Area (28 %), Orange/San Diego (27%), and L os Angeles (26%) say they do not have outdoor space to tend. “Are you and your family using less water on…?” All adults Region Inland/Coastal Central Valley San Francisco Los Angeles Orange/ San Diego Inland Empire Inland Coastal Indoor activities like showers, baths, and washing dishes A lot less 40% 45% 35% 41% 41% 33% 41% 39% A little less 39 37 42 37 40 41 38 40 No 19 16 19 20 18 25 20 19 Don ʼt know 2 2 4 1 2 – 1 2 Lawn care and landscaping A lot less 38 47 35 38 30 39 44 34 A little less 28 31 23 25 32 27 29 27 No 11 10 12 9 10 14 11 11 No outdoor space 23 12 28 26 27 17 14 27 Don ʼt know 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 14 PPIC Statewide S urvey JUNE GUBERNATORIAL P RIMARY Less than a month before the June primary, 46 percent of primary likely voters say they are following news about the candidates closely (9% very, 37% fairly closely). The share of primary likely voters closely following candidate news has grown somewhat fro m previous months (37% March, 38% April, 46% today). Today, close attention to this news is far lower than it was May 2010 (67%) or May 2006 (68%) just before the June gubernatorial primaries. Democrats and independents (52% each) are more likely than Republicans (39%) to report following news about the primary candidates very or fairly closely. Governor Jerry Brown (48%) continues to lead in the June primary election for governor. Far fewer primary likely voters would vote for Republican candidates Tim Do nnelly (15%) or Neel Kashkari (10%), although support for each is up slightly since April (from 9% to 15% for Donnelly and from 2% to 10% for Kashkari ). Twenty -seven percent are undecided (down from 38% in April) and 1 percent name other candidates. Most D emocratic primary likely voters (79%) would vote for Brown. Among Republicans, support is somewhat higher for Donnelly (30%) than for Kashkari (21%); 34 percent are still undecided, but this is down from 58 percent in April. Among independents, a plurality would vote for Brown (41%), 35 percent are undecided, and 24 percent would vote for one of the Republican candidates. A majority of Latino (5 7%) and a plurality of white (41%) primary likely voters would vote for Brown. Governor Brown leads across regions, but the race is much closer in the Inland Empire (28% Brown, 24% Kashkari, 21% Donnelly, 25% undecided) than elsewhere. Pluralities across age, income, and education groups would vote for Brown. “…If the June primary for governor were being held today, and these were the candidates, who would you vote for?” Primary likely voters only All primary likely voters Party Race/Ethnicity Dem Rep Ind Latinos Whites Jerry Brown, a Democrat 48% 79% 13% 41% 57% 41% Tim Donnelly, a Republican 15 2 30 16 16 16 Neel Kashkari, a Republican 10 1 21 8 5 12 Someone else 1 – 1 – 1 1 Don’t know 27 17 34 35 21 31 Half of primary likely voters (53%) are satisfied with their gubernatorial candidate choices in the primary election, 32 percent are not satisfied, and 15 percent are unsure. Satisfaction has increased by 11 points since March (42%). A solid majority of Democrats (65%) are satisfied with their candidate choices. Among Republicans, 43 percent say they are satisfied and 37 percent say they are not; 20 percent are unsure. A plurality of independents (48%) are satisfied, 40 percent say they are not satisfied , a nd 12 percent are unsure. At least half of Latino (59%) and white (50%) primary likely voters are satisfied. Among those who are not satisfied, a plurality (46%) say they are unsure of who they will vote for. “In general, would you say you are satisfied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the primary election for governor this June?” Primary likely voters only All primary likely voters Party Race/Ethnicity Dem Rep Ind Latinos Whites Satisfied 53% 65% 43% 48% 59% 50% Not satisfied 32 23 37 40 29 35 Don’t know 15 12 20 12 12 15 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 15 FEDERAL GOVERNMENT KEY FINDINGS  Half of Californians (51%) approve of President Obama’s job performance , matching December 2013’s record low. W hile one in four Californians approve of Congress overall, a bout half approve of their o wn House representative. (page 17)  Seven in 10 Californians say they cannot trust the federal government to do what is right , and nearly all residents say it wastes at least some taxpayer money . Seven in 10 Californians say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves . (page 18)  Californians continue to be divided over the health reform law; 5 4 percent say the state health insurance exchange, Cover ed California, is working very or fairly well. ( page 19)  A solid majority of Californians say global warming will pose a serious threat to them in their lifetime , but voters are deeply divided along party lines . A majority of Californians (54%) oppose the increased use of fracking ; 46 percent favor (and 38% oppose) building the Keystone XL pipeline. ( page 20 )  Nearly seven in 10 Californians say poverty is a big problem in our society and most say government policies and programs can reduce poverty at least to some extent . ( page 21 )  Californians are deeply divided along partisan lines when it comes to perceptions of the Republica n and Democratic P arties. ( page s 22, 23 ) 5662 51 22 31 24 0 20 40 60 80 100 May 2012May 2013May 2014 Percent all adults President Obama U.S. Congress Approval Ratings of FederalElected Officials 23 31 47 41 Californians Adults nationwide*0 20 40 60 80 Republican Party Democratic Party Governsin a More Honest and Ethical Way Percent all adults *Pew Research Center, Jan 2014 5768 30 25 0 20 40 60 80 100 Jan 2006May 2014 Percent all adults Somewhat of a problem Big problem Seriousnessof Poverty in Our Society May 2014 Californians and Their Government 16 PPIC Statewide S urvey APPROVAL RATINGS OF FEDERAL ELECTED OFFICIALS President Obama’s approval rating among Californians is at 51 percent, matching the record low reached in December 2013. Last May, his approval was at 62 percent. This year, approval of President Obama has held steady (53% January, 52% March, 51% today). Approval among likely voters (50%) is nearly identical to that of all adults (51%). In a rec ent CNN/ORC poll, 43 percent of adults nationwide approved and 55 percent disapproved of the way President Obama is handling his job. Among Democrats, the president’s approval is at 78 percent ; 80 percent of Republicans disapprove. Among independents, 46 percent approve and 50 percent disapprove. Across regions, approval is higher in the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles (54% each) than in other areas (48 % Inland Empire, 47% Orange/San Diego, 45% Central Valley). Whites (40%) are much less likely than other racial/ethnic groups to approve. Approval of the U.S. Congress is at 24 percent, up slightly from record lows in March 2014 (19%) and December 2013 (18%). Last May, approval was at 31 percent. Among likely voters, approval of the U.S. Congress is at 14 percent, up five points from a record low 9 percent in March 2014. In May 2010 , befor e the last mid -term elections, 2 6 percent of likely voters expressed approval of Congress. Across parties, strong majorities disapprove. According to a recent Gallup poll, adults nationwide (13% approve, 83% disapprove) were less likely than Californians in our survey to approve of Congress . “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that…?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Barack Obama is handling his job as president of the United States Approve 51% 78 % 19 % 46 % 50 % Disapprove 45 18 80 50 48 Don ʼt know 4 5 1 4 1 The U.S. Congress is handling its job Approve 24 21 16 10 14 Disapprove 69 73 79 83 82 Don ʼt know 7 6 5 7 4 Forty -eight percent of adults and likely voters approve of the way their own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives is handling his or her job. In January (51%) and last May (53%), about half of Californians said they approved of their own Hou se representative. Democrats (60%) are far more likely than Republicans (40%) or independents (37%) to approve. Residents in Los Angeles (58%) are much more likely than those in other regions to approve of their representative to Congress (44% San Francisc o Bay Area, 43% Inland Empire, 41% Central Valley, 41% Orange/San Diego). Among those who approve of their own representative in Congress, 42 percent approve of the U.S. Congress; among those who disapprove, only 6 percent approve of the U.S. Congress. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress is handling his or her job?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Approve 48% 60 % 40 % 37 % 48 % Disapprove 36 26 44 46 39 Don’t know 16 14 16 17 13 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 17 PPIC Statewide S urvey TRUST IN FEDERAL GOV ERNMENT Californians continue to be distrustful of the federal government . About s even in 10 Californians say they think the federal government can be trusted only some of the time (64%) or volunteer that it can never be trusted (8%); just 26 percent say the federal government can be trusted just about always (5%) or most of the time (21%). Likely voters are slightly more distrust ful (68% only some of the time, 11% none of the time). Californ ians held similar views last December (65% only some of the time, 10% none of the time) just after the government shutdown. At least six in 10 Californians have expre ssed distrust since August 2002 . Although there are high levels of distrust across parties , Republicans (86%) and independents (80%) are much more likely than Democrats (68%) to express distrust. More than two in three across regions and at least six in 10 across demographic groups think they can trust the federal government only some of the ti me or never. “How much of the time do you think you can trust the federal government in Washington to do what is right?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Just about always 5% 6 % 1 % 5 % 3 % Most of the time 21 25 11 13 16 Only some of the time 64 65 71 66 68 None of the time (volunteered) 8 3 15 14 11 Don’t know 1 1 1 1 1 Seven in 10 Californians (70%) and nearly eight in 10 likely voters (79%) say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves; fewer think that it is run for the benefit of all the people (23% adults ; 14% likely voters). Today’s findings among adults are similar to those in December 2013 (73%) ; about seven in 10 have said the federal government is run by a few big interests each of the five times we have asked this question since October 2010. Republicans (82%) and independents (81%) are much more likely than Democrats (65%) to say that the federal government is run by a few big interests ; at least two in three across regions agree. Whites (82 %) are far more likely than Latinos (57%) to say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves. Distrust extends to government spending . Nearly six in 10 Californians (58%) think that the people in the federal government waste a lot of taxpayer money; one in three (33%) say they waste at least some. Likely voters are more pessimistic (67% a lot, 28% some). Today’s findings among adults are similar to those in December 2013 (61%). Republicans (81%) are far more likely than independents (60%) and Democrats (54%) to think a lot of money is wasted. Whites (68%) are much more likely than Latinos (50%) to hold this view. “Do you think the people in the federal government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind A lot 58% 54 % 81 % 60 % 67 % Some 33 35 16 36 28 Don’t waste very much 6 8 1 2 3 Don’t know 3 3 2 2 2 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 18 PPIC Statewide S urvey HEALTH CARE REFORM Californians are divided in their views of the 2010 health reform law: 48 percent view it favorably and 43 percent view it unfavorably. This is the first time that we have assessed opinions on the health reform law since the law’s open enrollment period ended in March. But opinion has remained relatively unchanged since we began asking this question in December 2013 (44% generally favorable, 44% generally unfavorable). We asked a similar question before December 2013, and about half of Californians expressed support. According to an April Kaise r Family Foundation poll, adults nationwide (38% favorable, 46% unfavorable) held less favorable views of the law than Californians in our survey. There are divisions across parties, with seven in 10 Democrats (70%) saying they have generally favorable opi nions and a similar share of Republicans (73%) saying they have generally unfavorable views. Those with health insurance are divided (49% favorable, 42% unfavorable), while half of those who remain without health insurance hold generally unfavorable opinions (41% favorable, 52% unfavorable). College graduates are more likely than others to hold favorable views. “As you may know, a health reform bill was signed into law in 2010. Given what you know about the health reform law, do you have a generally favorable or generally unfavorable opinion of it?” All adults Party Have health insurance Dem Rep Ind Yes No Generally favorable 48% 70 % 20 % 48 % 49 % 41 % Generally unfavorable 43 23 73 44 42 52 Don’t know 9 6 7 8 9 7 When asked to assess Covered California, California’s health insurance exchange, a majority of Californians (54%) say that it is working well (14% very well, 40% fairly well), a third say it has not been working well (23% not too well, 12% not at all well), and one in 10 (11% ) are unsure. In January, 46 percent said California’s health insurance exchange had been working well, and 39 percent said it had not. Today, seven in 10 Democrats (71%) and a plurality of independents (49% working well, 38% not working well) say Covered California has been working well; half of Republicans (51%) say it has not been working well. Fifty -six percent of those with health insurance say that Covered California has been working well; those who remain without insurance are divided (48% working well, 46% not working well). Those ages 18 to 34 (65%) are much more likely than older Californians say the state’s insurance exchange is working well (47% age s 35 to 54, 50% 55 and older). “As you may know, as part of the 2010 health care law the government has set up health insurance exchanges around the country that people can use to compare plans and purchase health insurance. Just your impression, how well has California’s health insurance exchange called ‘ Covered California ’ been working?” All adults Party Have health insurance Dem Rep Ind Yes No Very well 14% 23 % 6 % 12 % 14 % 15 % Fairly well 40 48 25 37 42 33 Not too well 23 17 27 25 22 31 Not at all well 12 7 24 13 11 15 Don’t know 11 5 18 13 11 7 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 19 PPIC Statewide S urvey CLIMATE CHANGE AND E NERGY POLICY Just before our interviews began, the Obama Administration released the third National Climate Assessment, a scientific report describing climate changes already under way. Six in 10 Californians (61%) say global warming will pose a serious threat to them or their way of life in their lifetime; 35 percent say it will not. While the share of Californians saying global warming will pose a serious threat was similar last May (57 %), it has grown 16 points since July 2003 (45%). Today, l ikely voters (51%) are less pessimistic than all adults (61%) . Californians are deeply divided along party lines: 72 percent of Democrats (and 56% of independents) say global warming will pose a ser ious threat while 68 percent of Republicans say it will not. Residents in Los Angeles (67%) and the San Francisco Bay Area (66%) are more likely than those in other regions to say global warmin g represents a serious threat (5 9% Central Valley, 54% Orange/S an Diego, 52% Inland Empire). Latinos (81%) are far more likely than whites (48%) to say global warming will pose a serious threat . Californians younger than age 55 (67% yes) are more pessimistic than those age 55 and older (50% yes). A March survey by Gal lup found only 36 percent of adults nationwide saying global warming will pose a serious threat. Fracking remains controversial in the state : proponents tout economic benefits and opponents express concerns about water quality and usage, as well as earthquakes . Legislation to impose a temporary moratorium while its effects are studied is under debate. Today, 30 percent of Californians favor the increased use of fracking, while 54 percent are opposed. Support among adults has declined since last May (39% May 2013, 35% July 2013, 32% September 2013, 30% today). While most Democrats (66%) and independents (62%) oppose the increased use of fracking, 54 percent of Republicans favor it. Opposition is higher in Los Angeles (62%) than in other regions (56% Central Valley, 50% San Francisco Bay Area, 47% Orange/San Diego, 45% Inland Empire) , but in no region does a majority favor it. “Do you favor or oppose increased use of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, a drilling method that uses high- pressure water and chemicals to extract oil and natural gas from underground rock formations?” All adults Party Global warming a serious threat in lifetime Dem Rep Ind Yes No Favor 30% 22% 54% 28% 22% 46% Oppose 54 66 29 62 65 38 Don ’t know 15 12 17 10 13 17 Californians are more likely to favor (46%) than oppose (38%) building the Keystone XL p ipeline. In a March survey by the Pew Research Center, 61 percent of adults nationwide supported starting this controversial federal energy project . Support among Californians for this proposal has declined somewhat since last May (53% May 2013, 51% July 2013, 46% today). A strong majority of Republicans (74%) favor building the Keystone XL p ipeline , while Democrats are more likely to oppose (51%) than favor (34%) doing so. Among independents, 47 percent favor it and 41 percent are opposed. “Do you favor or oppose building the Keystone XL pipeline that would transport oil from Canada’s oil sands region through the Midwest to refineries in Texas?” All adults Party Global warming a serious threat in lifetime Dem Rep Ind Yes No Favor 46% 34% 74% 47% 36% 66% Oppose 38 51 17 41 46 24 Don ’t know 16 15 9 12 18 10 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 20 PPIC Statewide S urvey POVERTY AND GOVERNMENT POLICY Nearly all Californians believe that poverty is a problem in our society today, with 68 percent saying it is a big problem and 25 percent saying it is somewhat of a problem. Since we last asked this question in January 2006, the share of Californians saying it is a big problem has grown 11 points (57% to 68%). Overwhelming majorities of Californians across parties , regions, and demographic groups consider poverty to be at least somewhat of a problem. Across parties, Democrats (79%) are the most likely to say it is a big probl em, followed by independents (68 %) and Republicans (58%). Across regions, Central Valley re sidents (78%) are the most likely to say it is a big problem, followed by residents in Los Angeles (72%), Orange/San Diego (69%), the San Francisco Bay Area (61%), and the Inland Empire (59%). About two in three or more across income groups say poverty is a big problem. Across racial/ethnic groups, majorities hold this view. Women are much more likely than men (75% to 61%) to consider poverty a big problem in our society today. “How big a problem is poverty in our society today? Is it a big problem, somewh at of a problem, or not much of a problem?” All adults Household income Likely voters Under $40,000 $40,000 to under $80,000 $80,000 or more Big problem 68% 70% 72% 65% 70% Somewhat of a problem 25 24 19 28 24 Not much of a problem 7 5 9 7 6 Don’t know – – – – – Fifty years after the War on Poverty began, federal leaders are debating government ’s role in combatting poverty, which affects a higher share of Americans today than it did in the recent past. Among Californians, three in four think that government policies and programs can either do a lot (46%) or some (31%) to reduce poverty in this country. In a January survey by the Pew Research Center, four in 10 adults nationwide said government policies and programs could do a lot ( 40% a lot, 37% some) to reduce this problem . M ajorities across parties say government policies and programs could help at least some, but Democrats (54 %) are much more likely than independents (39%) or Republicans (29%) to say they could help a lot. Latinos (58%) are far more likely than whites (35%) to say programs and policies can do a lot to reduce poverty. Those with annual household incomes that are less than $80,000 are more likely than higher-income residents to hold this view (51% less than $40,000, 49% $40,000 to less than $80,000, 38% $80,000 or more). Among those who say poverty is a big problem, 53 percent say government policies and programs could do a lot to ameliorate it . “How much do you think government policies and programs can do to reduce poverty in this country —a lot, some, not much, or nothing at all?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind A lot 46% 54% 29% 39% 40% Some 31 34 32 33 31 Not much 14 9 25 16 17 Nothing at all 7 3 11 10 10 Don’t know 2 – 3 1 1 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 21 PPIC Statewide S urvey PERCEPTIONS OF POLIT ICAL PARTIES By a two-to -one margin, Californians are more likely to ascribe the phrase “governs in an honest and ethical way” to the Democratic Party and its leaders (47%) than to the Republican Party and its leaders (23%). Fifteen per cent volunteer that the phrase describes neither party , and 6 percent volunteer that it describes both parties. When this same question was asked in January by the Pew Research Center, adults nationwide were also more likely to choose Democrats, but by a s maller margin (41% Democratic Party, 31% Republican Party). In March 2006 (the last time we asked this question), 41 percent of Californians chose the Democratic Party and its leaders, while 26 percent chose the Republican Party and its leaders. Today, Democrats (76%) are more likely than Republicans (54%) to say that their own party and its leaders govern in an honest and ethical way. Independents are more divided (37% Democratic Party, 31% Republican Party). Among likely voters, the Democratic Party is perceived to be more honest and ethical than the Republican Party (46% to 28%). By wide a margin, Latinos (52% to 19%) say the Democratic Party is more aptly described by this phrase than the Republican Party; whites are divided (38% Democratic Party, 31% R epublican Party). “Please tell me if you think each of the following phrases better describes the Republican Party and its leaders or the Democratic Party and its leaders: Governs in a more honest and ethical way .” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Republican Party 23% 8% 54% 31% 28% Democratic Party 47 76 14 37 46 Both (volunteered) 6 2 4 8 5 Neither (volunteered) 15 11 20 16 17 Don’t know 9 4 9 8 4 Californians are twice as likely to say that the Democratic Party and its leaders are better described by the phrase “is more concerned with the needs of people like me” than to choose the Republican Party and its leaders. Findings among adults nationwide were similar in the Pew Research Center surve y in January (52% Democratic Party, 32% Republican Party). In previous PPIC Statewide S urveys, most Californians chose the Democratic Party (57% in both September 2004 and March 2013) over the Republican Party (30% and 25%, respectively). About eight in 10 Democrats (83%) say this phrase describes the Democratic Party and a plurality of independents agree (46% Democratic Party, 29% Republican Party) ; two in three Republicans (65%) say this phrase describes their own party. Pluralities across racial/ethnic g roups say the Democratic P arty is more concerned with the needs of people like them . “Is more concerned with the needs of people like me.” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Republican Party 27% 10% 65% 29% 32% Democratic Party 52 83 17 46 51 Both (volunteered) 3 1 2 2 3 Neither (volunteered) 9 4 10 16 11 Don’t know 8 2 6 7 3 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 22 PPIC Statewide S urvey PERCEPTIONS OF POLIT ICAL PARTIES Californians are far more likely to say that the Republican Party and its leaders (51%) are described by the phrase “is more extreme in its positions” than the Democratic Party and its leaders (29%). In the Pew Research Center’s January survey, adults nationwide also said the Republican Party was mor e likely than the Democratic Party to hold extreme positions (54% to 35%). This is the first time this question has been asked in our surveys. Across parties, 76 percent of Democrats and 55 percent of independents say the Republican Party is more extreme; 61 percent of Republicans hold this view of the Democratic Party. Republicans (26%) are more likely than Democrats (16%) to say that their own party is extreme . Californians across racial/ethnic groups are more likely to say that the Republican Party rather than the Democratic Party is extreme. “Please tell me if you think each of the following phrases better describes the Republican Party and its leaders or the Democratic Party and its leaders. Is more extreme in its positions.” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Republican Party 51% 76% 26% 55% 54% Democratic Party 29 16 61 29 33 Both (volunteered) 7 3 7 8 9 Neither (volunteered) 3 2 2 1 1 Don’t know 9 3 4 8 3 On a final characteristic— “is more influenced by lobbyists and special interests” —Californians are more likely to choose the Republican Party and its leaders (42%) than the Democratic Party and its leaders (28%); 17 percent volunteer that this phrase descr ibes both parties. In Pew’s January survey, nearly half of adults nationwide selected the Republican Party (47%) while three in 10 said the Democratic Party (30%) and one in 10 volunteered “both” (11%). This is the first time this question has been asked i n our surveys. Democrats (68%) are much more likely to say that the Republican Party is influenced by lobbyists and special interests than Republicans (48%) are to say that the Democratic Party is influenced in this way . Republicans (25%) are more likely t han Democrats (11%) to say both parties are influenced. Among independents, a plurality say that the Republican Party (37%) is more influenced by special interests while 28 percent say that the Democratic Party is ; 28 percent volunteer that it is true of both parties. “Is more influenced by lobbyists and special interests.” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Republican Party 42% 68% 18% 37% 42% Democratic Party 28 15 48 28 27 Both (volunteered) 17 11 25 28 25 Neither (volunteered) 2 – 2 2 1 Don’t know 11 6 7 6 5 May 2014 Californians and Their Government 23 REGIONAL MAP May 2014 Californians and Their Government 24 METHODOLOGY The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, president and CEO and survey director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with assistance from Dean Bonner, project manager for this survey, and survey research associates Sonja Petek and Jui Shrestha. The Californians and Their Government series is supported with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. The PPIC Statewide Survey invites input, comments, and suggestions from policy and public opinion experts and from its own advisory committee, but survey methods, questions, and content are determined solely by PPIC’s survey team. Findings in this report are based on a survey of 1,702 California adult residents, including 1,192 interviewed on l andline telephones and 510 interviewed on cell phones. Interviews took an average of 20 minutes to complete. Interviewing took place on weekend days and weekday nights from May 8– 15, 2014. Landline interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted numbers were called. All landline telephone exchanges in California were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as six times to increase the lik elihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Cell phone interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of cell phone numbers. All cell phone numbers with California area codes were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as eight times to increase the likelihood of reaching an eligibl e respondent. Once a cell phone user was reached, it was verified that this person was age 18 or older, a resident of California, and in a safe place to continue the survey (e.g., not driving). Cell phone respondents were offered a small reimbursement to help defray the cost of the call. Cell phone interviews were conducted with adults who have cell phone service only and with those who have both cell phone and landline service in the household. Live landline and cell phone interviews were conducted by Abt SRBI, Inc., in English and Spanish, according to respondents’ preferences. Accent on Languages, Inc., translated new survey questions into Spanish, with assistance from Renatta DeFever. Abt SRBI uses the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2010– 2012 American Community Survey’s (ACS) Public Use Microdata Series for California (with regional coding information from the University of Minnesota’s Integrated Public Use Microdata Series for California) to compare certain demographic characteristics of the survey sample— region, age, gender, race/ethnicity, and education —with the characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the ACS figures. To estimate landline and cell phone service in California, Abt SRBI used 2012 state -level estimates released by the National Center for Health Statistics —which used data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the ACS —and 2013 estimates for the West Census Region in the latest NHIS report. The estimates for California were then com pared against landline and cell phone service reported in this survey. We also used voter registration data from the California Secretary of State to compare the party registration of registered voters in our sample to party registration statewide. The lan dline and cell phone samples were then integrated using a frame integration weight, while sample balancing adjusted for differences across regional, age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, telephone service, and party registration groups. May 2014 Californians and Their Government 25 PPIC Statewide Survey The sampling error, taking design effects from weighting into consideration, is ±3. 6 percent at the 95 percent confidence level for the total unweighted sample of 1,702 adults. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 3. 6 percentage points of what t hey would be if all adults in California were interviewed. The sampling error for unweighted subgroups is larger: f or the 1,360 registered voters, the sampling error is ±4. 0 percent; for the 1,038 likely voters, it is ±4.6 percent; for the 901 primary likely voters, it is ±4.9 percent. For question 21 ( 978 respondents), asked from May 8– 12, it is ±4.7 percent. For question 21a ( 724 respondents), asked from May 13– 15, it is ±5. 4 percent . Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. We present results for five geographic regions, accounting for approximately 90 percent of the state population. “Central Valley” includes But te, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “San Francisco Bay Area” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, Sa n Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “ Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, “Inland Empire” refers to Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, and “Orange/San Diego” refers to Orange and San Diego Counties. Residents of other geographic ar eas are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, likely voters, and primary likely voters , but sample sizes for these less populous areas are not large enough to report separately. In several places, we refer to coastal and inland counties. The “ coastal” region refers to the counties along the California coast from Del Norte County to San Diego County and includes all the San Francisco Bay Area counties. All other counties are included in the “inland” region. We present specific results for non- Hispanic whites and also for Latinos, who account for about a third of the state’s adult population and constitute one of the fastest -growing voter groups. Results for other racial/ethnic groups —such as Asians, blacks, and Native Americans —are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, likely voters, and primary likely voter s, but sample sizes are not large enough for separate analysis. We compare the opinions of those who report they are registered Democrats, registered Republicans, and decline- to-state or independent voters; the results for those who say they are registered to vote in other parties are not large enough for separate analysis. We also analyze the respons es of likely voters—so designated by their responses to voter registration survey questions, previous election participation, and current interest in politics. Results for questions 9, 10, and 11 are based on primary likely voters. In addition to criteria used to determine likely voters, we used responses to questions about following news about the candidates for the gubernatorial election and intention to vote in the June primary as criteria to identify primary likely voters. For the gubernatorial primary (question 9), the candidate list was based on news coverage, campaign publicity, and the secretary of state’s certified list of candidates. In addition, respondents could name candidates who were not on our list. The percentages presented in the report t ables and in the questionnaire may not add to 100 due to rounding. We compare current PPIC Statewide Survey results to those in our earlier surveys and to those in national surveys by CNN/ORC, Gallup, Kaiser Family Foundation, and the Pew Research Center . A dditional details about our methodology can be found at www.ppic.org/content/other /SurveyMethodology.pdf a nd are available upon request through surveys@ppic.org . May 2014 Californians and Their Government 26 QUESTIONNAIRE AND RESULTS CALIFORNIANS AND THEIR GOVERNMENT May 8–15, 2014 1,702 California Adult Residents: English , Spanish MARGIN OF ER ROR ±3. 6% A T 95% CONFIDENCE LEV EL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE PERCENTAGES MAY NOT ADD TO 100 D UE TO ROUNDING 1. First, thinking about the state as a whole, what do you think is the most important issue facing people in California today? [code, don’t read] 33% jobs, economy 12 water, drought 8 education, schools, teachers 7 state budget, deficit, taxes 5 immigration, illegal immigration 4 crime, gangs, drugs 3 housing costs, availability 2 environment, pollution, global warming 2 health care, health reform, Obamacare 2 homelessness 19 other 3 don’t know 2. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California? 50% approve 30 disapprove 20 don’t know 3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? 40% approve 44 disapprove 16 don’t know 4. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the job that the state legislators representing your assembly and senate districts are doing at this time? 43% approve 40 disapprove 17 don’t know 5. Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 45% right direction 48 wrong direction 7 don’t know 6. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? 44% good times 47 bad times 9 don’t know 7. Next, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are yo u absolutely certain that you are register ed to vote in California? 65% yes [ask q7a] 35 no [skip to q8b] May 2014 Californians and Their Government 27 PPIC Statewide Survey 7a. Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or are you registered as a decline -to -state or independent voter? 45% Democrat [ask q8] 29 Republican [skip to q8a] 4 another party (specify) [skip to q9] 22 independent [skip to q8b] 8. Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 58% strong 40 not very strong 2 don’t know [skip to q9] 8a. Would you call yourself a strong Republican or not a very strong Repu blican? 51% strong 45 not very strong 4 don’t know [skip to q9] 8b. Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republ ican Party or Democratic Party? 23% Republican Party 46 Democratic Party 24 neither (volunteered) 7 don’t know [questions 9 to 11 reported for primary likely voters] 9. [primary l ikely voters only] As you may know, California now has a top -two primary system in which voters can cast ballots for any candidate, regardless of party, and the two candidates receiving the most votes — regardless of party —will a dvance to the general election. If the June primary for governor were being held today, and these were the candidates, who would you vote for? [rotate names and then ask: “or someone else?”] 48% Jerry Brown, a Democrat 15 Tim Donnelly, a Republican 10 Neel Kashkari, a Republican 1 someone else (specify) 27 don’t know 10. [primary l ikely voters only] How closely are you following news about candidates for the 2014 governor’s election —very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely? 9% very closely 37 fairly closely 35 not too closely 17 not at all closely 1 don’t know 11. [primary l ikely voters only] In general, would you say you are satisfied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the primary election for governor this June? 53% satisfied 32 not satisfied 15 don’t know 12. On another topic, in general, how much would you say you know about how your state and local governments spend and raise money —a lot, some, very little, or nothing? 14% a lot 38 some 35 very little 12 nothing 2 don’t know 13. And when it comes to the tough choices involved in the state budget this year, would you prefer — [rotate ] (1 ) that the governor and legislature make all of the decisions about spending and taxes; [or] (2 ) that California voters make some of the decisions about spending and taxes at the ballot box? 16% governor and legislature make all of the decisions 76 California vo ters make some of the decisions 2 other (specify) 3 both (volunteer) 4 don’t know May 2014 Californians and Their Government 28 PPIC Statewide Survey 14. Next, Proposition 13 is the 1978 ballot measure that limits the property tax rate to 1 percent of assessed value at time of purchase and annual tax increases to no more than 2 percent until the property is sold. Overall, do you feel passing Proposition 13 turned out to be mostly a good thing for California or mostly a bad thing? 56% mostly a good thing 26 mostly a bad thing 2 mixed (volunteered) 15 don’t know For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal. [rotate questions 15 to 18] 15. How about increasing state taxes on the p urchase of alcoholic beverages? 61% favor 37 oppose 2 don’t know 16. How about taxing the extraction of oil and natural gas in California? 43% favor 51 oppose 7 don’t know 17. How about increasing state taxes on the purchase of cigarettes? 69% favor 30 oppose 1 don’t know 18. How about increasing the California vehicle license fee? 18% favor 79 oppose 3 don’t know 19. Next, d o you think the state budget situation in California —that is, the balance between government spending and revenues —is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem for the people of California today? 52% big problem 38 somewhat of a problem 5 not a problem 4 don’t know 20. The state is projected t o have a budget surplus of several billion dollars over the next several years. In general, how would you prefer to use this extra money? [rotate] (1) Would you prefer to pay down state debt and build up the reserve [or] ( 2 ) would you prefer to use some of this money to restore some funding for social service programs that were cut in recent years? 46% pay down debt and build up reserve 48 restore funding for social services 5 don’t know 21. [asked from May 8 to 12 ] Governor Brown proposed a budget plan for the next fiscal year that will increase spending on K –12 and higher education, and modestly increase spending on health and human services, prisons, and courts. The plan includes $11 billion to pay down the state’s debt , including repayment of pr eviously deferred payments to K –12 schools and paying off economic recovery bonds that were passed in 2004 to balance the budget. The plan puts $1.6 billion into the state’s rainy day fund and includes no new taxes. In general, do you favor or oppose the governo r’s budget plan? 70% favor 24 oppose 2 haven’t heard anything about the budget (volunteered) 4 don’t know May 2014 Californians and Their Government 29 PPIC Statewide Survey 21a. [asked starting May 13] Governor Brown recently released a revised budget plan for the next fiscal year that will increase spending on K –12 and higher education and Medi -Cal. It also modestly increases spending on prisons and courts and health and human services, increases contributions to the California State Teachers’ Retirement System, and allocates money for drought -related expenditures. The plan includes $11 billion to pay down the state’s debt , including repayment of previously deferred payments to K –12 schools and paying off economic recovery bonds that were passed in 2004 to balance the budget. The plan puts $1.6 billion into the state’s rainy day fund and includes no new taxes. In general, do you favor or oppose the governor’s budget plan? 74% favor 18 oppose 2 haven’t heard anything about the budget (volunteered) 5 don’t know 22. The governor and the legislature are placing a measure on the November 2014 ballot that would change the state’s rainy day fund. The plan includes setting aside 1.5 percent of general fund revenues every year and any capital gains revenues that exceed 8 percent of general fund revenues. For the first 15 years, half the money would be used to pay off debt. The plan also sets limits on how funds can be withdrawn during a recession and creates a reserve for K –12 schools. In general, do you favor or oppose this plan? 76% favor 16 oppose 8 don’t know 23 . On another topic, would you say that the supply of water is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not much of a problem in your part of California? 59% big problem 26 somewhat of a problem 15 not much of a problem 1 don’t know 24. How closely are you following news about the drought emergencies that Governor Brown has recently declared —very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely? 25% very closely 41 fairly closely 22 not too closely 12 not at all closely 1 don’t k now [rotate questions 24a and 24b] 24a.Are you and your family using less water on indoor activities like showers, baths, and washing dishes, or not? ( if yes: Have you been using a lot less or a little less water?) 79% total yes 40 a lot less 39 a little less 19 no 2 don’t know 24b. Are you and your family using less water on lawn care and landscaping, or not, or do you not have outdoor space at your home? ( if yes: Have you been using a lot less or a little less water?) 66% total yes 38 a lot less 28 a little less 11 no 21 do not have outdoor space at home 2 have outdoor space, but not responsible for taking care of it (volunteered) 1 don’t know May 2014 Californians and Their Government 30 PPIC Statewide Survey Changing topics, 25. How much of the time do you think you can trust the state government in Sacramento to do what is right —just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time? 5% just about always 25 most of the time 59 only some of the time 8 none of the time (volunteered) 2 don’t know 26. Would you say the state g overnment is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves, or that it is run for the benefit of all of the people? 60% a few big interests 32 benefit of all of the people 7 don’t know 27. Do you think the people in state government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it? 48% a lot 41 some 6 don’t waste very much 5 don’t know 28. On another topic, overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Barack Obama is handling his job as president of the United States? 51% approve 45 disapprove 4 don’t know 29. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is handling its job? 24% approve 69 disapprove 7 don’t know 30. Overall, do you approve or disapprov e of the way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress is handling his or her job? 48% approve 36 disapprove 16 don’t know 31. Next, how much of the time do you think you can trust the federal government in Washington toda y to do what is right —just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time? 5% just about always 21 most of the time 64 only some of the time 8 none of the time (volunteered) 1 don’t know 32. Would you say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves, or that it is run for the benefit of all of the people? 70% a few big interests 23 benefit of all of the people 7 don’t know 33. Do you think the people in the federal go vernment waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it? 58% a lot 33 some 6 don’t waste very much 3 don’t know Next, 34. As you may know, a health reform bill was signed into law in 2010. Given what you know about the health reform law, do you have a [rotate] (1 ) [generally favorable] [or] (2 ) [generally unfavorable] opinion of it? 48% generally favorable 43 generally unfa vorable 9 don’t know May 2014 Californians and Their Government 31 PPIC Statewide Survey 35. As you may know, as part of the 2010 health care law the government has set up health insurance exchanges around the country that people can use to compare plans and purchase health insurance. Just your impression, how well has California’s health insurance exchange called “Covered California” been working —very well, fairly well, not too well, or not at all well? 14% very well 40 fairly well 23 not too well 12 not at all well 11 don’t know 36. Next, do you think that global warming will pose a serious threat to you or your way of life in your lifetime? 61% yes 35 no 3 don’t know [rotate questions 37 and 38] 37. Do you favor or oppose increased use of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, a drilling method that uses high- pressure water and chemicals to extract oil and natural gas from underground rock formations? 30% favor 54 oppose 15 don’t know 38. Do you favor or oppose building the Keystone XL pipeline that would transport oil from Canada’s oil sands region through the M idwest to refineries in Texas? 46% favor 38 oppose 16 don’t know Please tell me if you think each of the following phrases better describes [rotate] (1 ) the Republican Party and its leaders [or] (2 ) the Democratic Party and its leaders. [rotate questions 39 to 41a] 39. Governs in a more honest and ethical way. 23% Republican Party 47 Democratic Party 6 both (volunteered) 15 neither (volunteered) 9 don’t know 40. Is more concerned with the needs of people like me. 27% Republican Party 52 Democratic Party 3 both (volunteered) 9 neither (volunteered) 8 don’t know 41. Is more extreme in its positions. 51% Republican Party 29 Democratic Party 7 both (volunteered) 3 neither (volunteered) 9 don’t know 41a.Is more influenced by lobbyists and special interests. 42% Republican Party 28 Democratic Party 17 both (volunteered) 2 neither (volunteered) 11 don’t know Changing topics, 42. How big a problem is poverty in our society today? Is it a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not much of a problem? 68% big problem 25 somewhat of a problem 7 not much of a problem – don’t know 43. How much do you think government policies and programs can do to reduce poverty in this country —a lot, some, not much, or nothing at all? 46% a lot 31 some 14 not much 7 nothing at all 2 don’t know May 2014 Californians and Their Government 32 PPIC Statewide Survey 44. Next, would you consider yourself to be politically: [read list, rotate order top to bottom] 12% very liberal 21 somewhat liberal 32 middle -of -the -road 21 somewhat conservative 11 very conservative 3 don’t know 45. Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics —a great deal, a fair amount, only a little, or none? 17% great deal 37 fair amount 36 only a little 10 none 1 don’t know 4 6 . Next, do you smoke cigarettes? 15% yes 85 no [d1 to d5: demographic questions] D6. Are you, yourself, now covered by any form of health insurance or health plan or do you not have health insurance at this time? D6a. Which of the following is your main source of health insur ance coverage? Is it a plan through your employer, a plan through your spouse’s employer, a plan you purchased yourself either from an insurance company or the state or federal marketplace, are you covered by Medicare or Medi -CAL, or do you get your health insurance from somewhere else? 83 % yes, covered by health insurance 29 through employer 14 Medicare 13 Medi -Cal 10 through spouse’s employer 9 self-purchased plan [ask d6b] 4 through parents/mother/ father (volunteered ) 3 somewhere else (specify) 1 other government plan (volunteered ) 15 not insured 2 don’t know/refused D6b. [of those who purchased a plan themselves] Did you purchase your plan directly from an insurance company, from the marketplace known as healthcare.gov or Covered California, or through an insurance agent or broker? ( if agent or broker: Do you know if the plan you purchased through a broker was a plan from the state or federal health insurance marketplace known as healthcare.gov or Covered California, or was it a p lan purchased directly from an insurance company and not through an exchange or marketplace? ) 43% from an insurance company, either directly or through a broker 53 from healthcare.gov/ Covered California , either directly or through a broker 4 don’t know /refused Summary of D6, D6a, D6b 83 % yes, covered by health insurance 29 through employer 14 Medicare 13 Medi -Cal 10 through spouse’s employer 9 self-purchased plan 4 from an insurance company, either directly or through a broker 5 from healthcare.gov/ Covered California, either directly or through a broker 4 through parents/mother/ father (volunteered ) 3 somewhere else (specify) 1 other government plan (volunteered) 15 not insured 2 don’t know/refused [d7 to d18: demographic questions] May 2014 Californians and Their Government 33 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ruben Barrales President and CEO GROW Elect Angela Blackwell Founder and CEO PolicyLink Mollyann Brodie Senior Vice President Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Director Bill Lane Center for the American West Stanford University Jon Cohen Vice President of Survey Research SurveyMonkey Russell Hancock President and CEO Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Senior Scholar School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Robert Lapsley President California Business Roundtable Carol S. Larson President and CEO The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Monica Lozano Publisher and CEO La Opinión Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Lisa Pitney Vice President, Government Relations The Walt Disney Company Robert K. Ross, M.D. President and CEO The California Endowment Most Reverend Jaime Soto Bishop of Sacramento Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento Carol Whiteside President Emeritus Great Valley Center The PPIC Statewide Survey Advisory Committee is a diverse group of experts who provide advice on survey issues. However, survey methods, questions, content, and timing are determined solely by PPIC. PPIC BOARD OF DIRECTORS Donna Lucas, Chair Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Mark Baldassare President and CEO Public Policy Institute of California Ruben Barrales President and CEO GROW Elect María Blanco Vice President, Civic Engagement California Community Foundation Brigitte Bren Attorney Walter B. Hewlett Member, Board of Directors The William and Flora Hewle tt Foundation Phil Isenberg Vice Chair, Delta Stewardship Council Mas Masumoto Author and Farmer Steven A. Merksamer Senior Partner Nielsen, Merksamer, Parrinello, Gross & Leoni , LLP Kim Polese Chairman ClearStreet, Inc. Thomas C. Sutton Retired Chairman and CEO Pacific Life Insurance Company The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research on major economic, social, and political issues. The institute’s goal is to raise public awareness and to give elected representatives and other decision makers a more informed basis for developing policies and programs. The institute’s research focuses on the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public policy concerns, including economic development, education, environment and resources, governance, population, public finance, and social and health policy. PPIC is a public charity . It does not take or support positions on any ballot measures or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. PPIC was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. Mark Baldassare is President and CEO of PPIC. Donna Lucas is Chair of the Board of Directors. Short sections of text, not to exceed three paragraphs, may be quoted without written permission provided that full attribution is given to the source and the copyright notice below is included. Copyright © 201 4 Public Policy Institute of California All r ights reserved. San Francisco, CA PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, California 94111 phone: 415.291.4400 fax: 415.291.4401 PPIC SACRAMENTO CENT ER Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, California 95814 phone: 916.440.1120 fax: 916.440.1121 www.ppic.org survey@ppic.org" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:42:06" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(8) "s_514mbs" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:42:06" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:42:06" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["guid"]=> string(50) "http://148.62.4.17/wp-content/uploads/S_514MBS.pdf" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_mime_type"]=> string(15) "application/pdf" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" ["status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["attachment_authors"]=> bool(false) }