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This is the 129th PPIC Statewide Sur vey in a series that was inaugurated in April 1998 and has generated a database of responses from more than 272 ,000 Californians. This is the 54th sur vey in the Californians and Their Government series. The sur vey is conducted periodically to examine the social, economic, and political trends that influence public policy preferences and ballot choices. Suppor ted with funding from The James Ir vine Foundation, the series seeks to inform decisionmakers, raise public awareness, and stimulate policy discussions and debate about impor tant state and national issues. This sur vey took place during the week of the second presidential debate. For California voters, the November 6 election features 11 ballot propositions, including two tax measures to fund education (Propositions 30 and 38). The recently enacted state budget is tied to the vote on Proposition 30. If the measure fails, automatic cuts will be made to K –12 education to balance the budget. Voters will also decide on governance issues, including changes to campaign finance, the state budget process, and redistricting. This sur vey presents the responses of 2,006 adult residents throughout the state, inter viewed in English or Spanish by landline or cell phone. It includes findings on these topics:  The November election, including preferences of likely voters in the presidential election, enthusiasm about voting in the presidential election, attention paid to news about and satisfaction wit h presidential candidates; preferred outcome in congressional elections; voting intentions and impor tance of the outcome on two measures for funding education (Proposition 30, temporar y taxes for education, public safety; and Proposition 38, tax for educat ion, early childhood programs); and suppor t for and impor tance of the outcome of Proposition 31 (state budget, state and local government) and Proposition 32 (prohibits political contributions by payroll deduction).  State and national issues, including approval ratings of Governor Brown and the state legislature ; approval ratings of President Obama and Congress ; perceptions of the economy and direction of the state and the nation; views of the state budget, including preferred approaches for closing a possible state budget deficit; suppor t for raising personal income taxes, corporate taxes, the state sales tax, and income taxes on the wealthy; trust at the state and federal government levels; attitudes toward reforms to t he citizens’ initiative process; and perceptions of political par ties, i ncluding whether a third par ty is needed.  Time trends, national comparisons, and the extent to which Californians may differ in their perceptions, attitudes, and preferences regarding the 2012 elections and state and national issues, based on political par ty affiliation, likelihood of voting, region of residence, race/ethnicity, and other demographics. This repor t may be downloaded free of charge from our website ( www.ppic.org). For questions about the sur vey, please contact sur vey@ppic.org . Tr y our PPIC Statewide Sur vey interactive tools online at http://www.ppic.org/main/sur vAdvancedSearch.asp. October 2012 Californians and Their Government 6 NOVEMBER 2012 ELECTION KEY FINDINGS  Obama and Biden lead Romney and Ryan by 1 2 points in the presidential race. Six in 10 likely voters are more enthusiastic than usual about voting in the November election and seven in 10 are satisfi ed with their choices of candidates . (pages 7, 8 )  About half of likely voters prefer Congress to be controlled by Democrats, and 39 percent prefer Republican control . (page 7)  Just under half of likely voters (48%) favor Proposition 30 (temporary taxes f or education , public safety); four in 10 (39%) support Proposition 38 (tax for education, early childhood programs). Twenty -eight percent would vote yes on both Proposition 30 and Proposition 38. Strong majorities ( 74 %) oppose the automatic cuts to education that would occur if Proposition 30 fails. Nearly s ix in 10 say the outcome of Proposition 30 is very important, while half say the same about Proposition 38. ( pages 9, 10 )  Twenty -four percent of likely voters wou ld vote yes on Proposition 31 (changes to the state budget process and state and local government), 48 percent would vote no, and 28 percent are unsure. Twenty -four percent say the outcome of Proposition 31 is very important. (page 11 )  Four in 10 likely voters (39%) favor Proposition 32 (prohibiting political contributions by payroll deduction) , while 53 percent would vote no. Fifty -one percent of likely voters say the outcome of Proposition 32 is very important to them. (page 12 ) 52 4548 39 0 20 40 60 80 Prop 30: TemporaryTaxes for Education,Public Safety Prop 38: Taxfor Education, EarlyChildhood Programs Percent likely voters September October Percent Yes for Tax Measures to Fund Education 515353 403941 986 0 20 40 60 80 JulySeptemberOctober Percent likely voters Obama-Biden Romney-Ryan Don't know/someone else 2012 Presidential Election 25 42 24 39 0 20 40 60 80 Prop 31: StateBudget, State andLocal Government Prop 32: PoliticalContributions byPayroll Deduction Percent likely voters September October Percent Yes for Governance Measures PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 7 PRESIDENTIAL AND CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS President Obama and Vice President Joe Biden maintain a lead over Republican challenger s Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan (53% to 41%) among California likely voters in the upcoming presidential election. Findings were sim ilar last m onth and in July. The second presidential debate occurred while the survey was being conducted. Likely voters nationwide remain closely divided (47% Obama, 47% Romney) , according to an NBC/Wall Street Journal poll conducted at about the same time as our survey. Overwhelming majorities of De mocratic and Republican likely voters support their party’s candidate, while independent likely voters are divided (4 4% Obama, 43% Romney). Obama led Romney by a wider margin among independents in September (13 points) and July (16 points). While both men (50% Obama, 43% Romney) and women (57% Obama, 38% Romney) prefer Obama, women do so by a larger margin. Latinos ( 74%) overwhelmingly support Obama, while half of whites (42% Obama, 52% Romney) support Romney. T he youth vote played an important role in Obama’s 2008 victory ; in California, likely voters under 35 still support him by a wide margin (69% to 2 3% for Romney). A similar share of young voters supported Obama in October 2008 (65%). Voters 35 to 54 are divided (47% Obama, 46% Romney ), while voters age 55 and older have a slight preference for Obama ( 51% Obama, 44 % Romney). Obama has a solid lead among those with lower hous ehold incomes (63% less than $40,000), while about half of those earning more support Obama. Majorities of likely voters in Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area prefer Obama, while a majority of Other Southern California voters (53%) prefer Romney . Voters in the Central Valley are divided . Majorities of evangelical Pr otestants (58% ) and mainline Protestants (53%) support Romney; Catholics prefer Obama. Those with no religion strongly support Obama. “If the November 6th presidential election were being held today, would you vote for: the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Bide n or the Republican ticket of Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan? ” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Gender Dem Rep Ind Men Women Obama- Biden 53% 90% 10% 44% 50% 57% Romney -Ryan 41 6 86 43 43 38 Someone else (volunteered) 2 2 1 3 3 2 Don't know 4 2 3 10 4 3 California likely voters prefer a Congress controlled by Democrats ( 52%) over one controlled by Republicans ( 39%). Since March, likely voters have expressed this preference, but the margin has shifted slightly over time ( 15-point preference for Democrats in March, 7-point preference in May, 14- point preference in September, 13 -po int preference today). In the month before the 2010 mid- term elections, likely voters were more closely divided (45% preferred Democrats, 43% Republ icans). Strong majorities of Democratic and Republican likely voters prefer a Congress controlled by their party, while independents are divided. Last month, a majority of independents (54%) said they favored D emocratic control. “What is your preference for the outcome of this year's congressional elections: a Congress controlled by Republicans or a Congress controlled by Democrats?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Gender Dem Rep Ind Men Women Controlled by Republicans 39% 8% 79% 43% 43% 35% Controlled by Democrats 52 87 10 39 50 53 Neither (volunteered) 5 2 7 11 4 6 Don't know 4 2 4 7 3 5 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 8 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION ATTITUDES Six in 10 likely voters say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting in the presidential election, while 27 percent are less enthusiastic and 11 percent volunteer they feel no different about voting this November. A greater share of Republican likely voters and Romney -Ryan supporters (70 % each ) are more enthusia stic compared with Democrats ( 61%) and Obama- Biden supporters ( 60%). Just under half of independents (47%) say they are more enthusiastic, four in 10 are less so, and 12 percent feel the same. About six in 10 across most demographic groups say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting. Seven in 10 likely voters in the Other Southern California region (typically a more conservative area) say they are more enthusiastic , as do two in three in the more liber al-leaning Los Angeles . In September 2008, 65 percent of likely voters said t hey were more enthusiastic about voting than usual, but there was more excitement on the Democratic side (76% among Obama supporters, 59% among McCain supporters ). “Thinking about the presidential election that will be held this November, are you more enthusiastic about voting t han usual, or less enthusiastic?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Presidential election choice Dem Rep Ind Obama– Biden Romney –Ryan More enthusiastic 61% 61% 70% 47% 60% 70% Less enthusiastic 27 26 21 41 25 22 Same/neither (volunteered) 11 11 9 12 13 8 Don’t know 1 2 – – 2 – A strong majority of likely voters (69 %) are satisfied with their choices of candidates in the presidential election. Satisfaction is much higher than in October 2008 (56%). Satisfaction has risen steadily over the course of this election cycle, from 49 percent last December to 69 percent today. Although Democrats remain more likely than either Republicans or independents to say they are satisfied, satisfaction has increased sharply among Republicans since May, as support coalesced around Romney. Satisfaction has increased 19 points among independents since December . Strong majorities of both Obama (76%) and Romney (68%) supporters say they are satisfied with their candidate choices. Solid majorities across regions and demographic groups are satisfied. Two in three among Latinos (68%) and whites (67 %) are satisfied. “In general, would you say you are satis fied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the election for U.S. president in 2012 ?” Likely voters only Percent satisfied Dec 11 Jan 12 Mar 12 May 12 Sep 12 Oct 12 All likely voters 49% 53% 53% 57% 66% 69% Democrats 57 67 65 75 78 77 Republicans 47 44 45 46 65 69 Independents 33 39 43 48 49 52 With the election just around the corner, nearly all likely voters are following news about the presidential candidates: 58 percent very closely and 35 percent fairly closely. The percentage of likely voters following candidate news very closely was similar last month and has increased 18 points since July. It is similar to October 2008 (54%) before the last presidential election. The percentage following news very closely increases with ag e and is higher among whites (62 %) than Latinos (45%) and among men (65%) than women (52%). PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 9 PROPOSITION 30: TEMPORARY TAXES FOR EDUCATION, PUBLIC SAFETY FUNDING Proposition 30 is an initiative placed on the November ballot by Governor Brown and others to increase taxes on earnings over $250,000 for seven years and sales taxes by ¼ cent for four years to fund schools and to guarantee public safety realignment funding. When read the ballot title and label for Proposition 30, 48 percent of likely voters say they would vote yes, 4 4 percent would vote no, and 8 percent are undecided. The margin has narrowed since September (52% yes, 40% no) . Pro position 30 has strong majority support from Democrats, while a strong majority of Republicans would vote no. Independents are more divided, with hal f opposed to the measure. Women, men, those with incomes of $40,000 or more, and public school parents are divided. Suppo rt among Latino likely voters (68%) is far higher than among white voters (40%), and voters age 18 to 34 ( 70%) are far more likely than older voters to say they would vote yes. Likely voters who approve of Governor Brown’s job performance support Proposition 30 (71% yes) , while strong majo rities of those who disapprove are opposed ( 70% no). A strong majority of Obama supporters (72%) would vote yes, while a strong majority of Romney supporters (74%) would vote no. Strong majorities (74%) oppose the automatic s pending cuts to K–12 public schools that would be implemented if Proposition 30 fails , including 89 percent of yes voters and 58 percent of those who would vote no. “Proposition 30 is called the ‘ Temporary Taxes to Fund Education. Guaranteed Local Public Safety Funding. Initiative Constitutional Amendment.’ …If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 30?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All likely voters 48% 44% 8% Public school parents 45 46 9 Party Democrats 70 22 8 Republicans 20 70 11 Independents 43 50 7 Gender Men 48 45 7 Women 48 42 10 Household income Under $40,000 54 38 7 $40,000 to under $80,000 48 42 10 $80,000 or more 45 48 7 *For complete text of proposition question, see p . 27 . Six in 10 likely voters say the outcome of the vote on Proposition 30 is very important to them. The belief that the outcome is very important is held by more than half across parties, but more widely held among those who would vote yes than who would vote no. Findings among likely voters were similar in September (60% very important, 28% somewhat important, 9% not too/not at all important). “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 30— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Vote on Prop. 30 Dem Rep Ind Yes No Very important 58% 62% 56% 53% 65% 55% Somewhat important 30 28 30 34 30 30 Not too/not at all important 8 6 10 11 4 14 Don’t know 3 4 3 2 – 1 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 10 PROPOSITION 38: TAX FOR EDUCATION AND EARLY CHILDHOOD PROGRAMS Proposition 38 is an initiative placed on the November ballot by attorney Molly Munger that would increase taxes on earnings for 12 years, using a sliding scale, with revenues going to K –12 schools and early childhood programs and also, for four years, to repaying state debt. When read the Proposition 38 ballot title and label, 39 percent say they would vote yes, while 53 percent would vote no, and 9 percent are undeci ded. Voters were more divided in September (45% yes, 45% no). Just over half of Democrats support Proposition 38, while seven in 10 Republicans and just over half of independent s are opposed . Public school parents are divided. A majority of men are opposed to Proposition 38, while women are slightly more likely to be opposed than in favor . Those with household incomes of less than $40,000 are far more likely than more- affluent voters to support it. Younger voters ( age 18 to 34) are far more likely than older voters to support Proposition 38 , and Latinos are twice as likely as whites to support it (61% to 30%). Among those who would vote yes on Proposition 30, 57 percent support Proposition 38. Among those who would vote no on Proposition 30, 74 percent would also vote no on Proposition 38. In all, 2 8 percent would vote yes on both Proposition 30 and Proposition 38, while 32 percent would vote no on both propositions. “Proposition 38 is called the ‘ Tax for Education and Early Childhood Programs. Initiative Statute.’… If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 3 8?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All likely voters 39% 53% 9% Public school parents 44 46 10 Party Democrats 53 37 9 Republicans 21 71 7 Independents 39 53 9 Gender Men 36 57 7 Women 41 48 11 Household income Under $40,000 56 39 6 $40,000 to under $80,000 36 52 12 $80,000 or more 31 62 7 *For complete text of proposition question, see p . 28. When it comes to the importance of the outcome on Proposition 38, half of likely voters say the outcome is very important to them. This perception is more widely held by Republicans (57%) than among Democrats (48%) or independents (44%) . Likely voters who would vote yes are slightly more likely than those who would vote no to call the outcome very important. Findings among likely voters were similar in September (50% very important, 37% somewhat important, 9% not too/not at all important). “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 3 8— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Vote on Prop. 38 Dem Rep Ind Yes No Very important 50% 48% 57% 44% 56% 50% Somewhat important 35 35 29 43 34 37 Not too/not at all important 12 14 12 11 11 12 Don’t know 3 3 3 2 – – PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 11 PROPOSITION 31: STATE BUDGET, STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Proposition 31 is an initiative on the November ballot that would establish a two- year budget, set rules for offsetting new expenditures and for governor -enacted budget cuts in fiscal emergencies, and allow local governments to alter the application of laws governing state -funded programs. When read the ballot title and label, 24 percent of likely voters say they would vote yes, 4 8 percent would vote no, and 2 8 percent are undecided. In September , 25 percent said they would vote yes, 42 percent would vote no, and 32 percent were undecided . Proposition 31 does not have majority support from any party or ideological group or from any age, education, income, gender, racial/ethnic, or regional group. In fact, across most of these groups about one in five or more are undecided. Eighty percent of likely voters call the state budge t situation a big problem and 57 percent say that local government services have been affected a lot by state budget cuts, but how does this relate to support for Proposition 31? Among likely voters who called the budget situation a big problem, 24 percent would vote yes, 47 percent would vote no, and 29 percent are undecided. Among those who say their local government services have been affected a lot by state budget cuts, 24 percent would vote yes, 47 percent would vote no, and 30 percent are undecided. “Proposition 31 is called the ‘ State Budget. State and Local Government. Initiative Consti tutional Amendment and Statute.’… If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 31?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All likely voters 24% 48% 28% Party Democrats 25 45 30 Republicans 24 50 26 Independents 22 50 28 Ideology Liberals 24 45 31 Moderates 21 47 32 Conservatives 25 52 23 Household income Under $40,000 26 49 24 $40,000 to under $80,000 23 47 30 $80,000 or more 24 47 28 *For complete text of proposition question, see p. 27. Regarding the importance of the outcome of the vote on Proposition 31, 2 4 percent of likely voters say the outcome is very important to them. T hree in 10 or fewer across party groups and among yes and no voters say the outcome is very important. Findings among likely voters were similar in September (29% very important, 37% somewhat important, 19% not too/not at all important). “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 31— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Vote on Prop. 31 Dem Rep Ind Yes No Very important 24% 24% 27% 23% 30% 26% Somewhat important 43 42 40 47 55 49 Not too/not at all important 18 16 21 21 12 23 Don’t know 14 18 13 10 2 1 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 12 PROPOSITION 32: POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS BY PAYROLL DEDUCTION Proposition 32 is an initiative on the November ballot that would prohibit unions, corporations, and government contractors from using payroll -deducted funds for political purposes. Proposition 32 also prohibits union and corporate contributions to candidates and their committees and prohibits government contractor contributions to elected officers or their committees. When read the ballot title and label for Proposition 32, 39 percent say they would vote yes, 53 percent would vote no, and 7 percent are undecided. In September , 42 percent said they would vote yes and 49 percent would vote no. Today, a strong majorit y of Democrats ( 68%) would vote no and a majority of Republicans ( 56%) would vote yes. Independents are more divided (42 % yes, 49% no). Similar to party findings, strong majorities of liberals (7 4%) are opposed, while a majority of conservatives (5 5%) would vote yes. Strong majorities of Latino likely voters ( 71%) are opposed, while whites are divided (44% yes, 47% no). More than half across age g roups say they would vote no and a plurality of likely voters across income groups are opposed. Men (41% yes, 53 % no) and women (3 8% yes, 54 % no) have similar opinions of Proposition 32. O pposition to Proposition 32 is higher among college graduates than others . “Proposition 32 is called the ‘Political Contributions by Payroll Deduction. Contributions to Candidates. Initiative Statute.’…If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 32?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All likely voters 39% 53% 7% Party Democrats 27 68 5 Republicans 56 34 10 Independents 42 49 9 Ideology Liberals 21 74 5 Moderates 39 51 10 Conservatives 55 38 7 Household income Under $40,000 36 59 6 $40,000 to under $80,000 44 49 7 $80,000 or more 38 54 7 *For complete text of proposition question, see p. 28. Fifty -one percent of likely voters —including about half or more across parties—view the outcome of the vote on Proposition 32 as very important. Just over half of yes (56%) and no voters (51%) consider it very important, but this is up 11 points among no voters since September ( from 40% to 51%). Likely voters in September were somewhat less likely to view the outcome as important (43% very important, 37% somewhat important, 1 6% not too/not at all important). “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 3 2— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Vote on Prop. 32 Dem Rep Ind Yes No Very important 51% 48% 55% 48% 56% 51% Somewhat important 35 41 30 36 35 37 Not too/not at all important 11 9 12 13 9 12 Don’t know 3 3 4 3 – 1 October 2012 Californians and Their Government 13 STATE AND NATIONAL ISSUES KEY FINDINGS  Four in 10 Californians (42%) approve of Governor Brown and 28 percent approve of the California Legislature. As President Obama approaches Election Day he has the approval of 63 percent of Californians, his highest level since September 2009; one in four approve of Congress. (page 14 )  Most Californians (56%) continue to name jobs and the economy as the most important issue facing the state. Just over half of Californians say the state is headed in the wrong direction and faces bad economic times. Meanwhile, pessimism about the direction and economic outlook of the nation as a whole has dropped markedly since 2008. ( page 15)  Nearly all Californians say the state budget situation is a problem and say their local government services have been affected by recent state budget cuts. (page 16)  Seven in 10 Californians generally oppose raising state personal income taxes and the state sales tax; majorities favor raising state income taxes on the wealthy and taxes on corporations. (page 17 )  Majorities of Californians express distrust of both state and federal government. They also say that both waste a lot of taxpayer money and are pretty much run by special interests. (pages 18, 19 )  Strong majorities of Californians say the citizens’ initiative process needs change and favor reforms to the system. ( page 20)  Favorable impressions of the Democratic Party are at a record high (58%). Far fewer view the Republican Party (35%) or the Tea Party movement (27%) favorably. (page 21 ) 74 70 49 46 0 20 40 60 80 Wrong direction Bad economic times Percent all adults Aug 08 Oct 12 Pessimism about Direction and Economic Outlook of the United States 7163585556 5159 63 23 43 39 2431 30 27 2426 0 20 40 60 80 100 Oct08 Mar 09 Sep 09 Mar 10 Oct 10 Mar 11 Sep 11 Mar 12 Oct 12 Percent all adults President Obama U.S. Congress Approval Ratings of Federal Elected Officials 41 42 4146 3942 26 2326 28 2528 0 20 40 60 80 Jan11 May 11 Sep 11 Jan 12 May 12 Oct 12 Percent all adults Governor Brown State Legislature Approval Ratings of State Elected Officials PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 14 ELECTED OFFICIALS’ APPROVAL RATINGS Governor Brown’s approval rating is at 42 percent among all adults ; 37 per cent disapprove and 21 percent are unsure about his job performance. Among likely voters, 45 percent approve, 43 percent disapprove, and 12 percent are unsure. Approval of Governor Brown has remained steady since he took office in January 2011; disapproval grew 9 points between January and September 2011 ( 19% to 28%) and is at 37 percent today. The California Legislature continues to get low approval ratings (28 %). Approval is similar to last month (30%) and has not surpassed 30 percent s ince January 2008 (34%). Majorities across parties disapprove , with Re publicans ( 79%) and independents (6 1%) being much more disapproving than Democrats (55%). “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that…” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California? Approve 42% 61% 20% 37% 45% Disapprove 37 22 72 37 43 Don't know 21 17 8 26 12 The California Legislature is handling its job? Approve 28 32 12 21 21 Disapprove 55 55 79 61 68 Don't know 17 13 9 17 11 Less than two weeks before the general election, 63 percent of Californians approve and 35 percent disapprove of President Obama. Among likely voters, 5 4 percent approve and 45 percent disapprove. I n February 2009 just after taking office, the president’s approval rating was at 70 percent among Californians , but declined to 55 percent in October 2010 before the mid -term elections. It reached a low of 51 percent in September 2011 and has climbed steadily since then. Majorities across regions and demographic groups approve of th e president (with the exception of whites at 45%) . Approval is higher in the San Francisco Bay Area (76 %) and Los Angeles (68%) than in the Central Valley (59%) and the Other Southern California region (52%). Approval declines as age increases . Those earning less than $40,000 ( 71 %) are more likely to approve of Obama than those with higher income s. Approval ratings of the U.S. Congress among all adults remain low at 26 percent. Fifteen percent of likely voters approve of the U.S. Congress. About one in four Californians have expressed approval of Congress in each survey this year. Approval was slightly higher in October 2010 (31%), while ratings in October 2008 (23%) were similar to today. Strong majorities across parties disapprove of Congres s. Across regions and demographic groups, at least half disapprove of the U.S. Congress. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that...” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Barack Obama is handling his job as president of the United States? Approve 63% 86% 12% 59% 54% Disapprove 35 13 86 39 45 Don't know 2 2 2 2 1 The U.S. Congress is handling its job ? Approve 26 21 10 17 15 Disapprove 67 75 84 75 81 Don't know 7 5 6 8 4 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 15 OVERALL MOOD Jobs and the economy (56%) continues to be named as the most important issue facing Californians today. Only 10 percent mention the state budget or deficit, while 9 percent name education and schools. Pessimism about the direction of the state has declined som ewhat since last month (60% to 53% today) . Today the share of Californians having a negative outlook for the state is much l ower than in other times just before a general election, October 2010 (73%) and October 2008 (71%). Californians have a somewhat more positive outlook for the nation compared to the state: 46 percent say it is headed in the right direction while 49 percent say wrong direction. Pessimism about the direction of the nation was at 74 percent in August 2008 , but declined to 58 percent by October 2010 and to 49 percent today . “Do you think things in … are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind California Right direction 39% 55% 11% 28% 34% Wrong direction 53 38 85 63 60 Don't know 8 7 3 9 6 United States Right direction 46 65 10 40 42 Wrong direction 49 31 88 53 55 Don't know 5 5 2 7 3 Eight in 10 Californians believe that the state is in a recession (40 % serious, 32% moderate, 8% mild) . O nly 18 percent say the state is not in a recession. With jobs and the economy as their main concern and most saying the state is in a recession, how do Californians view future economic conditions? Fifty -three percent say the state will have bad times fi nancially in the next 12 months and 37 percent say it will have good times. The share with a negative economic outlook declined 12 points between October 2008 (74%) and October 2010 (62%) . It has declined another 9 points to today (53%) . Californians are divided when it comes to their assessment of the nation’s economic outlook (45 % good times, 46% bad times). Seventy percent had a negative outlook for the nation in August 2008, which declined to 58 percent by September 2010, and has further declined to 46 percent today. Democrats (60% good times) are far more optimistic than independents (40%) or Republicans (18%). “Turning to economic conditions...” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind …in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? Good times 37% 48% 18% 33% 34% Bad times 53 38 73 58 53 Don't know 11 14 9 9 12 …do you think that during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially or bad times? Good times 45 60 18 40 42 Bad times 46 30 71 51 48 Don't know 10 10 12 9 10 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 16 STATE BUDGET SITUATION Most Californians say that the state’s budget situation (the balance between spending and revenues) is a b ig ( 70%) or somewhat ( 25%) of a problem, continuing what has become a long -term trend. Since January 2008, more than six in 10 Californians have said the budget situation is a big problem. By comparison, 44 percent held that view in May 2007 before the onset of the Great Recession. Among likely voters, 80 percent consider the budget situation a big problem and 18 percent somewhat of a problem. More than seven in 10 across parties say it is a big problem, with Republicans ( 89%) especially lik ely to hold this view. The percentage saying the budget situation is a big problem increases as education and income levels rise. W hites (82%) are much more likely than Asians ( 63%) or Latinos (55%) to hold this view. N early nine in 10 Californians say their local government services have been affected (59% a lot, 29% somewhat) by recent state budget cuts. Democrats are more likely than Republicans and independents to say local services have been affected a lot. Los Angeles residents ( 65%) are the most likely to hold this view, but majorities in other regions have also noticed large effects. This perception decreases as income and education levels rise . Women (64%) and Latinos (71%) are more likely than men (54%), whites (53%) , and Asians (43%) to have noticed large cuts. “Would you say that your local government services—such as those provided by city and county governments and public schools —have or have not been affected by recent state budget cuts?” ( If they have: “Have they been affected a lot or somewhat?” ) All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Affected a lot 59% 64% 45% 53% 57% Affected somewhat 29 28 35 30 31 Not affected 8 6 14 12 9 Don’t know 4 2 6 5 3 The balanced budget enacted in July relies on voters passing Proposition 30 to avoid automatic spending cuts, primarily to K –12 schools. If the ballot measure fails, how do Californians prefer to resolve the ensuing deficit? Four in 10 prefer a mix of spen ding cuts and tax increases (39%) while four in 10 (37%) prefer mostly spending cuts. Just one in 10 prefer mostly tax increases. Findings are similar among likely voters. While Republicans (63%) prefer mostly spending cuts , majorities of Democrats (51% mix of cuts and taxes, 14% mostly tax increases) and independents (45% mix of cuts and taxes, 10% mostly tax increases) prefer a solution that includes taxes. Findings among all adults were similar last month. “As you may know, the state government currently has an annual general fund budget of around $91 billion and will face a multibillion dollar gap between spending and revenues if a ballot initiative to raise taxes does not pass in November. How would you prefer to deal with the state’ s potential budget gap— mostly through spending cuts, mostly through tax increases, through a mix of spending cuts and tax increases, or do you think that it is okay for the state to borrow money and run a budget deficit?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind A mix of spending cuts and tax increases 39% 51% 29% 45% 43% Mostly through spending cuts 37 24 63 36 40 Mostly through tax increases 11 14 3 10 11 Okay to borrow money and run a budget deficit 7 5 1 2 3 Other 1 1 2 3 2 Don’t know 6 5 2 4 3 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 17 RAISING REVENUES Several measures that would raise taxes are on the November ballot, but how do Californians feel about raising taxes more generally? Among four types of taxes we find majority support for increasing income taxes on the wealthy and for raising corporate taxes, and strong opposition to raising either the state sales tax or state personal income taxes. “For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal.” All adults Raising state personal income taxes Raising th e top rate of the state income tax paid by the wealthiest Californians R aising the state sales tax R aising the state taxes paid by California corporations Favor 24 % 66% 28% 59% Oppose 72 29 69 35 Don’t know 3 4 3 5 Proposition 38 on the November ballot would temporarily increase state personal income taxes on a sliding scale for nearly all residents to raise revenues for schools, early childhood programs, and initially to pay some state debt obligations. Just one in four Californians and likely voters support the idea of raising income taxes in general. Fewer than 35 percent across parties, regions , and demographic groups support this idea. Nevertheless, two in three Californians and likely voters do support the idea, in general, of increasing income taxes on the wealthy. Proposition 30, promoted by Governor Brown, would temporarily increase taxes on residents earning over $250,000 annually to raise revenues for schools. While Republicans oppose the g eneral idea of raising taxes on the wealthiest residents, majorities of Democrats, independents, and Californians across regions and demographic groups favor this idea. Proposition 30 would also temporarily raise the state sales tax by ¼ cent. When it comes to the general idea of raising the sales tax, about three in 10 Californians and likely voters express support. Democrats are more likely to favor the idea than independents and Republicans, but support falls short of a majority even among Democrats . It also falls short across all regions and demographic groups. Proposition 39, to fund clean energy projects, would seek a single sales factor for multi -state corporations, which could lead to tax increases for many businesses. In general, a majority of Cali fornians and likely voters favor increasing corporate taxes, but the idea sharply divides voters along party lines. Percent in favor of tax increase Personal income taxes Tax on the wealthy Sales tax Corporate tax All adults 24 % 66% 28% 59% Likely voters 25 64 32 55 Party Democrats 34 87 38 78 Republicans 8 33 16 29 Independents 26 59 28 54 Region Central Valley 26 61 28 54 San Francisco Bay Area 30 78 42 63 Los Angeles 21 73 26 66 Other Southern California 21 56 20 52 Household i ncome Under $40,000 25 72 26 69 $40,000 to under $80,000 25 65 29 58 $80,000 or more 24 64 30 49 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 18 TRUST IN STATE GOVERNMENT Californians are consider ing the option of raising taxes through state propositions on the November ballot, but most do not trust the state government in Sacramento. Today, just 27 percent of all adults and 22 percent of likely voters say they trust the state government to do what is right just about always or most of the time. Before t he statewide general election two years ago, even fewer adults (18%) and likely voters (15%) expressed these levels of trust . Today, strong majorities of Democrats, Republicans, and independents say that they can trust the state government to do what is right only some of the time or they volunteer a response of “ none of the time.” In addition, strong majorities of adults ( 67%) and likely voters (7 1%) say that the state government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves. In October 2010, a somewhat higher 75 percent of adults and 7 9 percent of likely voters also expressed this view. Today, Republicans (83%) and independents (74 %) are more likely than Democrats (63%) to have this view of state government. “How much of the time do you think you can trust the state government in Sacramento to do what is right?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Just about always 4% 3% 1% 1% 2% Most of the time 23 27 8 24 20 Only some of the time 63 66 73 57 68 None of the time (volunteered) 8 2 17 17 10 Don’t know 2 1 1 1 1 Six in 10 adults and likely voters (60% each ) also say that the people in the state government waste a lot of taxpayer money . In October 2010, a slightly higher proportion of adults (66%) and likely voters (67%) held this view . Similarly, independents today are much less likely than they were two years ago to perceive a lot of waste (51% today, 69% 2010). Republicans’ views are similar (74% today, 80% 2010) and Democrats’ views are unchanged (53% today, 54% 2010). Among the likely voters that say the state government wastes a lot of taxpayer money, 35 percent would vote yes on Proposition 30, while 56 percent would vote no. “Do you think the people in state government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it?” All adults Party Likely v oters Dem Rep Ind A lot 60% 53% 74% 51% 60% Some 32 36 23 43 33 Don’t waste very much 6 8 1 5 6 Don’t know 3 3 1 1 2 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 19 TRUST IN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Californians are prepar ing to go to the polls in a national election, but most do not express trust in the federal government. Today, just 31 percent of adults and 2 5 percent of likely voters say they trust the federal government to do what is right just about always or most of the time. Four years ago during the month before the national election, slightly fewer adults ( 22%) and a similar 20 percent of likely voters expressed these views . Today, majorities across all parties and demographic groups say they can trust the federal government only some or none of the time. Democratic voters are much more likely than Republicans or independents —and Latinos (44%) and Asians (38%) are more l ikely than whites (21%)— t o say they trust the federal government just about always or most of the time . Majorities of adults (57%) and likely voters (60%) also say that the people in the federal government waste a lot taxpayer money . In October 2008, a much higher proportion of adults (74%) and likely voters (7 7%) sai d this. What accounts for the change ? Democratic (73 % 2008, 49% today ) and independent voters (72% 2008, 54% today ) are much less likely— and Republicans (80% 2008, 74% today) slightly less likely —to perceive a lot of was te in federal spending. “How much of the time do you think you can trust the federal government in Washington today to do what is right?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Just about always 7% 8% 3% 2% 5% Most of the time 24 25 11 19 20 Only some of the time 63 63 76 67 68 None of the time (volunteered) 5 2 10 11 6 Don’t know 1 1 – 1 – Strong majorities of adults (67%) and likely voters (73 %) say that the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking after themselves. In October 2008 , a somewhat higher 74 percent of adults and a similar 78 percent of likely voters expressed this view. Today, Republicans (83%) are more likely than independents (71%) and Democrats (69%) to hold this view. Latinos (56%) and Asians (60%) are much less likely than whites (77%) to say the federal government is run by a few big interests. Among those who say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests, likely voters are evenl y divided in their preferences for president (47% Obama, 47% Romney) and control of Congress (45% controlled by Republicans, 46% controlled by Democrats). “Would you say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves, or that it is run for the benefit of all of the people?” All adults Party Likely v oters Dem Rep Ind A few big interests 67% 69% 83% 71% 73% Benefit of all the people 28 26 13 25 23 Don’t know 5 5 4 4 5 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 20 INITIATIVE PROCESS AND RE FORMS Voters will be deciding the outcome of 11 state propositions in November , including tax measures, all placed on the ballot through the i nitiative process . What do Californians think of this process? More than four in 10 (46%) say it is in need of major changes, one in four (26%) say minor changes, and 21 percent say it is fine the way it is. The share saying majo r changes are needed is 10 points higher today than in September 2008 (36%), and was at a high of 5 2 percen t in October 2010. Democrats (50 %) are more likely than independents (38%) and Republicans (35%) to say major changes are needed. Latinos (60%) are much more likely than whites (40%) and Asians (2 9%) to hold this view. The share saying major changes are needed to the process declines as income rises and is higher among those with a high school education only (54%) than among those with higher education levels (41% some college, 39% college graduate) . “Do you think the citizens’ initiative process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or that it is basically fine the way it is?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Major changes 46% 50% 35% 38% 40% Minor changes 26 26 29 38 30 Fine the way it is 21 17 28 19 23 Don’t know 7 6 7 5 7 Overwhelming majorities express support for two potential reforms to the initiative process. The first reform involves having a period of time in which the initiative sponsor and the legislature could meet to see if a compromise solution is possible before initiatives go to the ballot. Eight in 10 adults and likely voters favor this idea. Since we first asked this question in October 2005, 75 percent or more have favored it. Across parties, support is slightly higher among Democrats (8 5%) than among independents and Republicans (76% each). Across regions and demographic groups, more than three in four favor this reform. The second reform involves increasing public disclosure of funding sources for signature gathering and initiative campaigns. Three in four adults (77%) and 84 percent of likely voters favor this idea. Over 70 percent of Californians have supported it in each of the six times we have asked this question. The level of support is nearly identical across parties, with eight in 10 saying they favor this idea. More than two in three across regions and demographic g roups express support. “Reforms have been suggested to address issues that arise in the initiative process. Please say whether you would favor or oppose each of the following reform proposals. How about…” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind …having a period of time in which the initiative sponsor and the legislature could meet to see if there is a compromise solution before initiatives go to the ballot? Favor 81% 85% 76% 76% 79% Oppose 14 12 20 18 17 Don't know 5 3 4 6 4 …increasing public disclosure of funding sources for signature gathering and initiative campaigns? Favor 77 81 81 80 84 Oppose 16 13 15 14 12 Don't know 7 6 3 6 4 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 21 PARTY PERCEPTIONS Have Californians’ perceptions of the major political parties changed in the course of a bitter partisan campaign this year ? Today, 58 percent of all adults and 53 percent of likely voters hold favorable impressions of the Democratic Party, up from 47 percent among all adults and 44 percent am ong likely voters last September and in October 2010 . Favorable impressions of the Democratic Party are at a record high today . Favorable impressions of the Republican Party have improved slightly since 2010 among adults (28% October 2010, 32% September 20 11, 35% today) and likely voters (31% 2010, 30% 2011, 38% today). Following past trends, Democrats today have more favorable views of their party than Republicans have of their party. While a solid majority of independents have an unfavorable view of the R epublican Party (62%), they are divided about the Democratic Party (46% favorable, 46% unfavorable) . Meanwhile, favorable perceptions of the Te a Party movement among adults (27 %) and likely voters (32%) are slightly lower than favorabl e ratings of the Republican Party. Compared to last September, favorable impressions of the Tea Party are similar for all adults (24% to 27% today) and unchanged among likely voters (32% to 3 2%). Favorable perceptions among adults and likely voters were also similar in October 2010 (27% adults, 35% likely voters). As in past surveys, majorities of Republicans today have favorable impressions of the Tea Party movement, while majorities of Democrats and independents have unfavorable impressions. “Do you have a favorab le or an unfavorable impression of the …” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Democratic Party? Favorable 58% 86% 16% 46% 53% Unfavorable 35 11 81 46 44 Don't know 7 3 3 8 3 Republican Party? Favorable 35 14 72 29 38 Unfavorable 56 82 24 62 58 Don't know 9 4 5 9 4 The political movement known as the Tea Party? Favorable 27 10 63 24 32 Unfavorable 49 74 26 58 56 Don't know 24 16 11 18 12 When asked whether the major parties do an adequate job of representing the American people, 44 percent of all adults and 42 percent of likely voters say they do. About half of adults and likely voters say a third par ty is needed, including 59 percent of independents, 48 percent of Democrats, and 45 percent of Republi cans. Californians are about as likely to say a third party is needed today (48%) as they were in September 2008 (52 %). “ In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed?” All adults Party Likely v oters Dem Rep Ind Adequate job 44% 45% 49% 35% 42% Third party is needed 48 48 45 59 52 Don't know 8 6 6 6 7 October 2012 Californians and Their Government 22 REGIONAL MAP October 2012 Californians and Their Government 23 METHODOLOGY The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, president and CEO and survey director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with assistance from Dean Bonner, project manager f or this survey, and survey research associate s Sonja Petek and Jui Shrestha . The Californians and Their Government series is supported with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. We benefit from discussions with PPIC staff, foundation staff, and other policy experts , but the methods, questions, and content of this report were determined solely by Mark Baldassare and the survey team. Findings in this report are based on a survey of 2,00 6 California adult residents, including 1,605 interviewed on landline telephones and 401 interviewed on cell phones. Interviews took an average of 19 minutes to complete. Interviewing took place on weekend days and weekday nights from October 14 to 21 , 2012. Landline interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted numbers were called. All landline telephone exchanges in California were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as six times to increase the likelihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Cell phones were included in this survey to account for the growing number of Califor nians who use them. These interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of cell phone numbers. All cell phone numbers with California area codes were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as eight times to increase the likelihood of reaching an eligible respondent. Once a cell phone user was reached, it was verified that this person was age 18 or older, a resident of California, and in a safe place to continue the survey (e.g., not driving). Cell phone respondents were offered a small reimbursement to help defray the cost of the call. Cell phone interviews were conducted with adults who have cell phone service only and with those who have both cell phone and landline service in the household. Live landline and cell phone interviews were conducted by Abt SRBI, Inc. , in English and Spanish, according to respondents’ preferences. Accent on Languages, Inc., translated new survey questions into Spanish, with assistance from Renatta DeFever. With assist ance from Abt SRBI we used recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2007– 2009 American Community Survey (ACS) through the University of Minnesota’s Integrated Public Use Microdata Series for California to compare certain demographic characteristics of the survey sample—region, age, gender, race/ethnicity, and education —with the characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the ACS figures. Abt SRBI used data from the 2008 National Health Interview Survey and data from the 2007 –2009 ACS for California both to estimate landline and cell phone service in California and to compare the data against landline and cell phone service reported in this survey. We also used voter registration data from the California Secretary of State to compare the party registration of registered voters in our sample to party registration statewide. The landline and cell phone samples were then integrated using a frame integration weight, while sample balancing adjusted for differences across regional, age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, telephone service, and party registration groups. The sampling error, taking design effects from weighting into consideration, is ±3. 2 percent at the 95 percent confidence level for the total sample of 2,00 6 adults. This means that 95 times out of 100, PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 24 the results will be within 3.2 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California were interviewed. The sampling error for subgroups is larger: For the 1,3 20 registered voters, it is ±3.6 percent; for the 9 93 likely voters, it is ±4. 0 percent. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. We present results for four geographic regions, accounting for approximately 90 percent of the state population. “Central Valley” includes Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, T ulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “San Francisco Bay Area” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, and “Other Southern California” includes Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties. Residents of other geographic areas are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, and likely voters , but sample sizes for these less populated areas are not large enough to report separately. We present specific results for non- Hispanic whites and for Latinos, who account for about a third of the state’s adult population and constitute one of the fastest -growing voter groups. We also present results for non -Hispanic Asians, who make up about 14 percent of the state’s adult population. Results for other racial/ethnic groups —such as non -Hispanic blacks and Native Americans —are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, and likely voters , but sample sizes are not large enough for separate analysis. We compare the opinions of those who report they are registered Democrats, registered Republicans, and decline -to -state or independent voters; the results for those who say they are registered to vote in othe r parties are not large enough for separate analysis. We also analyze the responses of likely voters —so designated by their responses to voter registration survey questions, previous election participation, intentions to vote in the presidential election in November , and current interest in politics. The percentages presented in the report tables and in the questionnaire may not add to 100 due to rounding. We compare current PPIC Statewide Survey results to those in our earlier surveys and to those in a national survey by NBC/Wall Street Journal . Additional details about our methodology can be found at www.ppic.org/content/other/SurveyMethodology.pdf and are available upon request t hrough surveys@ppic.org . October 2012 Californians and Their Government 25 QUESTIONNAIRE AND RESULTS CALIFORNIANS AND THEIR GOVERNMENT October 14– 21, 2012 2, 006 California Adult Residents: English , Spanish MARGIN OF ERROR ±3. 2% AT 95% CONFIDENCE LEVEL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE PERCENTAGES MAY NOT ADD TO 100 D UE TO ROUNDING 1. First, thinking about the state as a whole, what do you think is the most important issue facing people in California today? [code, don’t read ] 56% jobs, economy 10 state budget, deficit, taxes 9 education, schools 4 gas prices 3 immigration, illegal immigration 2 crime, gangs, drugs 2 government in general 2 health care, health costs 9 other 3 don’t know 2. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California? 42% approve 37 disapprov e 21 don’t know 3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? 28% approve 55 disapprove 17 don’t know 4. Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wro ng direction? 39% right direction 53 wrong direction 8 don’t know 5. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? 37% good times 53 bad times 11 don’t know 6. Would you say that California is in an economic recession, or not? ( if yes: Do you think it is in a serious, a moderate, or a mild recession?) 40% yes, serious recession 32 yes, moderate recession 8 yes, mild recession 18 no 2 don’t know 7. Next, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote in California? 66% yes [ask q7a] 34 no [skip to q8b ] PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 26 7a. Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or are you r egistered as a decline -to -state or independent voter? 45% Democrat [ask q8] 32 Republican [ask q8a] 3 another party (specify) [skip to q9] 21 independent [skip to q8b] 8. Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 65% strong 34 not very strong 1 don’t know [skip to q9] 8a. Would you call yourself a strong Republican or not a very strong Republican? 65% strong 33 not very strong 2 don’t know [skip to q9] 8b. [independents and those not registered to vote ] Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? 24% Republican Party 47 Democratic Party 21 neither (volunteered) 8 don’t know [questions 9 -22 reported for likely voters only ] 9. [likely voters only] Next, if the November 6th presidential election were being held today, would you vote for: [ rotate ] (1) the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Biden [ or ] (2) the Republican ticket of Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan? 53% Barack Obama and Joe Biden 41 Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan 2 someone else (specify) 4 don’t know 10. [likely voters only] In general, would you say you are satisfied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the election for U.S. president in 2012? 69% satisfied 29 not s atisfied 2 don’t know 11. [likely voters only] How closely are you following news about candidates for the 2012 presidential election —very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely? 58% very closely 35 fairly closely 6 not too closely 1 not at all closely – don’t know 12. [likely voters only] Thinking about the presidential election that will be held this November, are you more enthusiastic about voting than usual, or less enthusiastic? 61% more enthusiastic 27 less enthusiastic 11 same/neither (volunteered) 1 don’t know 13. [likely voters only] What is your preference for the outcome of this year's congressional elections: [ rotate ] (1) a Congress controlled by Republicans [or] (2) a Congress controlled by Democrats ? 39% controlled by Republicans 52 controlled by Democrats 5 neit her (volunteered) 4 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 27 Next, we have a few questions to ask you about some of the propositions on the November ballot. 14. [likely voters only] Proposition 30 is called the “Temporary Taxes to Fund Education. Guaranteed Local Public Safety Funding. Initiative Constitutional Amendment.” It increases taxes on earnings over $250,000 for seven years and sales taxes by ¼ cent for four years, to fund schools. It guarantees public safety realignment funding. Fiscal impact is increased state tax revenues through 2018– 19, averaging about $6 billion annually over the next few years, revenues available for funding state budget, and in 2012 –13, planned spending reductions, primarily to education programs, would not occur. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 30? 48% yes 44 no 8 don’t know 15. [likely voters only] How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 30— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 58% very important 30 somewhat important 7 not too important 1 not at all important 3 don’t know 16. [likely voters only] If voters rejec t Proposition 30, automatic spending cuts would be made to K –12 public schools. Do you favor or oppose these automatic spending cuts to K– 12 public schools? 21% favor 74 oppose 5 don’t know 17. [likely voters only] Proposition 31 is called the “State B udget. State and Local Government. Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute.” It establishes a two- year state budget, sets rules for offsetting new expenditures, and governor budget cuts in fiscal emergencies. Local governments can alter application of laws governing state - funded programs. Fiscal impact is decreased state sales tax revenues of $200 million annually, with corresponding increases of funding to local governments. Other, potentially more significant changes in state and local budgets, de pending on future decisions by public officials. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 31? 24% yes 48 no 28 don’t know 18. [likely voters only] How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 31— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 24% very important 43 somewhat important 14 not too important 4 not at all important 14 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 28 19. [likely voters only] Proposition 32 is called the “Political Contributions by Payroll Deduction. Contributions to Candidates. Initiative Statute.” It prohibits unions from using payroll -deducted funds for political purposes, and applies same use prohibition to payroll deductions, if any, by corporations or government contractors. It prohibits union and corporate contributions to candidates and their committees and prohibits government contractor contributions to elected officers or their committe es. Fiscal impact is increased costs to state and local government, potentially exceeding $1 million annually, to implement and enforce the measure’s re quirements. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 32? 39% yes 53 no 7 don’t know 20. [likely voters only] How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 32— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 51% very important 35 somewhat important 9 not too important 2 not at all important 3 don’t know 21. [likely voters only] Proposition 38 is called the “Tax for Education and Early Childhood Pro grams. Initiative Statute.” It i ncreases taxes on earnings using a sliding scale, for twelve years. Revenues go to K–12 schools and early childhood programs, and for four years to repaying state debt. Fiscal impact is increased state tax revenues for 12 years — roughly $10 billion annually in initial years, tending to grow over time. Funds used for schools, child care, a nd preschool, as well as providing savings on state debt payments. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 38? 39% yes 53 no 9 don’t know 22. [likely voters only] How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 38 —is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 50% very important 35 somewhat important 10 not too important 2 not at all important 3 don’t know 23. Next, do you think the state budget situation in Ca lifornia —that is, the balance between government spending and revenues —is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem for the people of California today? 70% big problem 25 somewhat of a problem 2 not a problem 2 don’t know 24. Would you say that your local government services —such as those provided by city and county governments and public schools —have or have not been affected by recent state budget cuts? ( if they have , ask: Have they been affected a lot or somewhat?) 59% affected a lot 29 affected somewhat 8 not affected 4 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 29 25. As you may know, the state government currently has an annual general fund budget of around $91 billion and will face a multibillion dollar gap between spending and revenues if a bal lot initiative to raise taxes does not pass in November. How would yo u prefer to deal with the state’s potential budget gap —mostly through spending cuts, mostly through tax increases, through a mix of spending cuts and tax increases, or do you think that it is okay for the state to borrow money and run a budget deficit? 37% mostly through spending cuts 11 mostly through tax increases 39 through a mix of spending cuts and tax increases 7 okay to borrow money and run a budget deficit 1 other (specify) 6 don’t know For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal. [rotate questions 26 to 29] 26. Do you favor or oppose raising state personal income taxes? 24% favor 72 oppose 3 don’t know 27. Do you favor or oppose raising the top rate of the state income tax paid by the wealthiest Californians? 66% favor 29 oppose 4 don’t know 28. Do you favor or oppose raising the state sales tax? 28% favor 69 oppose 3 don’t know 29. Do you favor or oppose raising the state taxes paid by California corporations? 59% favor 35 oppose 5 don’t know Changing topics, 30. How much of the time do you think you can trust the state government in Sacramento to do what is right —just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time? 4% just about always 23 most of the time 63 only some of the time 8 none of the time (volunteered) 2 don’t know 31. Would you say the state government is pretty much run by a few big interests loo king out for themselves, or that it is run for the benefit of all of the people? 67% a few big interests 26 benefit of all of the people 7 don’t know 32. Do you think the people in state government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it? 60% a lot 32 some 6 don’t waste very much 3 don’t know On another topic, California uses the direct initiative process, which enables voters to bypass the legislature and have issues put on the ballot —as state propo sitions—for voter approval or rejection. 33. Do you think the citizens’ initiative process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or that it is basically fine the way it is? 46% major changes 26 minor changes 21 fine the way it is 7 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 30 Reforms have been suggested to address issues that arise in the initiative process. Please say whether you would favor or oppose each of the following reform proposals. [rotate questions 34 and 35] 34. How about increasing public disclosure of funding sources for signature gathering and initiative campaigns? 77% favor 16 oppose 7 don’t know 35. How about having a period of time in which the initiative sponsor and the legislature could meet to see if there is a compromise solution before initiatives go to the ballot? 81% favor 14 oppose 5 don’t know On another topic, 36. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Barack Obama is handling his job as president of the United States? 63% approve 35 disapprove 2 don’t know 37. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is handling its job? 26% approve 67 disapprove 7 don’t know 38. Do you think things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 46% right direction 49 wrong direction 5 don’t know 39. Turning to economic conditions, do you think that during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially or bad times? 45% good times 46 bad times 10 don’t know 40. Next, how much of the time do you think you can trust the federal government in Washington today to do what is right —just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time? 7% just about always 24 most of the time 63 only some of the time 5 none of the time (volunteered) 1 don’t know 41. Would you say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves, or that it is run for the benefit of all of the people? 67% a few big interests 28 benefit of all of the people 5 don’t know 42. Do you think the people in the federal government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it? 57% a lot 35 some 7 don’t waste very much 2 don’t know Changing topics, [rotate questions 43 and 44] 43. Do you have a favorable or an unfavorable impression of the Democratic Party? 58% favorable 35 unfavorable 7 don’t know 44. Do you have a favorable or an unfavorable impression of the Republican Party? 35% favorable 56 unfavorable 9 do n’t know 45. Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of the political movement known as the Tea Party? 27% favorable 49 unfavorable 24 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 31 46. In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing t he American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed? 44% adequate job 48 third party is needed 8 don’t know 47. Next, would you consider yourself to be politically: [ read list , rotate order top to bottom ] 12% very liberal 20 somewhat liberal 30 middle -of -the -road 22 somewhat conservative 14 very conservative 3 don’t know 48 . Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics —a great deal, a fair amount, only a little, or none? 26% great deal 39 fair amount 29 only a little 6 none – don’t know [d1 –d19: demographic questions ] PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ruben Barrales President and CEO San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Angela Blackwell Founder and CEO PolicyLink Mollyann Brodie Senior Vice President Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Executive Director University of California Washington Center James E. Canales President The James Irvine Foundation Jon Cohen Director of Polling The Washington Post Russell Hancock President and CEO Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Senior Scholar School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Robert Lapsley President California Business Roundtabl e Carol S. Larson President and CEO The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Monica Lozano Publisher and CEO La Opinión Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Lisa Pitney Vice President, Government Relations The Walt Disney Company Dan Rosenheim News Director KPIX -TV Robert K. Ross, M.D. President and CEO The California Endowment Most Reverend Jaime Soto Bishop of Sacramento Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento Cathy Taylor Vice President and Editorial Commentary Director Orange County Register Carol Whiteside President Emeritus Great Valley Center The PPIC Statewide Survey Advisory Committee is a diverse group of experts who provide advice on survey issues. However, survey methods, questions, content, and timing are determined solely by PPIC. PPIC BOARD OF DIRECTORS Gary K. Hart, Chair Former State Senator and Secretary of Education State of California Mark Baldassare President and CEO Public Policy Institute of Californi a Ruben Barrales President and CEO San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Marí a Blanco Vice President, Civic Engagement California Community Foundation Brigitte Bren Attorney Robert M. Hertzberg Vice Chair man Mayer Brown, LLP Walter B. Hewlett Chair, Board of Directors William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs David Mas Masumoto Author and Farmer Steven A. Merksamer Senior Partner Nielsen, Merksamer, Parrinello, Gross & Leoni , LLP Kim Polese Chairman ClearStreet, Inc. Thomas C. Sutton Retired Chairman and CEO Pacific Life Insurance Company The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research on major economic, social, and political issues. The institute’s goal is to raise public awareness and to give elected representatives and other decisionmakers a more informed basis for developing policies and programs. The institute’s research focuses on the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public policy concerns, including economic development, education, environment and resources, governance, population, public finance, and social and health policy. PPIC is a private operating foundation. It does not take or support positions on any ballot measures or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. PPIC was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. Mark Baldassare is President and CEO of PPIC. Gary K. Hart is Chair of the Board of Directors. Short sections of text, not to exceed three paragraphs, may be quoted without written permission provided that full attribution is given to the source and the copyright notice below is included. Copyright © 201 2 Public Policy Institute of California All rights reserved. San Francisco, CA PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, California 94111 phone : 415.291.4400 fax: 415.291.4401 PPIC SACRAMENTO CENT ER Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, California 95814 phone: 916.440.1120 fax: 916.440.1121 www.ppic.org survey@ppic.org" } ["___content":protected]=> string(104) "

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" ["_permalink":protected]=> string(112) "https://www.ppic.org/publication/ppic-statewide-survey-californians-and-their-government-october-2012/s_1012mbs/" ["_next":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_prev":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_css_class":protected]=> NULL ["id"]=> int(8852) ["ID"]=> int(8852) ["post_author"]=> string(1) "1" ["post_content"]=> string(0) "" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:41:25" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(4248) ["post_status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["post_title"]=> string(9) "S 1012MBS" ["post_type"]=> string(10) "attachment" ["slug"]=> string(9) "s_1012mbs" ["__type":protected]=> NULL ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(13) "S_1012MBS.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(6) "501942" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(75401) "CONTENTS About the Survey 2 Press Release 3 November 2012 Election 6 State and National Issues 13 Regional Map 22 Methodology 23 Questionnaire and Results 25 their government OCTOBER 2012 & P P I C S TAT E W I D E S U R V E Y Californians Mark Baldassare Dean Bonner Sonja Petek Jui Shrestha in collaboration with The James Irvine Foundation October 2012 Californians and Their Government 2 ABOUT THE SURVEY The PPIC Statewide Sur vey provides policymakers, the media, and the public with objective, advocacy- free information on the perceptions, opinions, and public policy preferences of California residents. This is the 129th PPIC Statewide Sur vey in a series that was inaugurated in April 1998 and has generated a database of responses from more than 272 ,000 Californians. This is the 54th sur vey in the Californians and Their Government series. The sur vey is conducted periodically to examine the social, economic, and political trends that influence public policy preferences and ballot choices. Suppor ted with funding from The James Ir vine Foundation, the series seeks to inform decisionmakers, raise public awareness, and stimulate policy discussions and debate about impor tant state and national issues. This sur vey took place during the week of the second presidential debate. For California voters, the November 6 election features 11 ballot propositions, including two tax measures to fund education (Propositions 30 and 38). The recently enacted state budget is tied to the vote on Proposition 30. If the measure fails, automatic cuts will be made to K –12 education to balance the budget. Voters will also decide on governance issues, including changes to campaign finance, the state budget process, and redistricting. This sur vey presents the responses of 2,006 adult residents throughout the state, inter viewed in English or Spanish by landline or cell phone. It includes findings on these topics:  The November election, including preferences of likely voters in the presidential election, enthusiasm about voting in the presidential election, attention paid to news about and satisfaction wit h presidential candidates; preferred outcome in congressional elections; voting intentions and impor tance of the outcome on two measures for funding education (Proposition 30, temporar y taxes for education, public safety; and Proposition 38, tax for educat ion, early childhood programs); and suppor t for and impor tance of the outcome of Proposition 31 (state budget, state and local government) and Proposition 32 (prohibits political contributions by payroll deduction).  State and national issues, including approval ratings of Governor Brown and the state legislature ; approval ratings of President Obama and Congress ; perceptions of the economy and direction of the state and the nation; views of the state budget, including preferred approaches for closing a possible state budget deficit; suppor t for raising personal income taxes, corporate taxes, the state sales tax, and income taxes on the wealthy; trust at the state and federal government levels; attitudes toward reforms to t he citizens’ initiative process; and perceptions of political par ties, i ncluding whether a third par ty is needed.  Time trends, national comparisons, and the extent to which Californians may differ in their perceptions, attitudes, and preferences regarding the 2012 elections and state and national issues, based on political par ty affiliation, likelihood of voting, region of residence, race/ethnicity, and other demographics. This repor t may be downloaded free of charge from our website ( www.ppic.org). For questions about the sur vey, please contact sur vey@ppic.org . Tr y our PPIC Statewide Sur vey interactive tools online at http://www.ppic.org/main/sur vAdvancedSearch.asp. October 2012 Californians and Their Government 6 NOVEMBER 2012 ELECTION KEY FINDINGS  Obama and Biden lead Romney and Ryan by 1 2 points in the presidential race. Six in 10 likely voters are more enthusiastic than usual about voting in the November election and seven in 10 are satisfi ed with their choices of candidates . (pages 7, 8 )  About half of likely voters prefer Congress to be controlled by Democrats, and 39 percent prefer Republican control . (page 7)  Just under half of likely voters (48%) favor Proposition 30 (temporary taxes f or education , public safety); four in 10 (39%) support Proposition 38 (tax for education, early childhood programs). Twenty -eight percent would vote yes on both Proposition 30 and Proposition 38. Strong majorities ( 74 %) oppose the automatic cuts to education that would occur if Proposition 30 fails. Nearly s ix in 10 say the outcome of Proposition 30 is very important, while half say the same about Proposition 38. ( pages 9, 10 )  Twenty -four percent of likely voters wou ld vote yes on Proposition 31 (changes to the state budget process and state and local government), 48 percent would vote no, and 28 percent are unsure. Twenty -four percent say the outcome of Proposition 31 is very important. (page 11 )  Four in 10 likely voters (39%) favor Proposition 32 (prohibiting political contributions by payroll deduction) , while 53 percent would vote no. Fifty -one percent of likely voters say the outcome of Proposition 32 is very important to them. (page 12 ) 52 4548 39 0 20 40 60 80 Prop 30: TemporaryTaxes for Education,Public Safety Prop 38: Taxfor Education, EarlyChildhood Programs Percent likely voters September October Percent Yes for Tax Measures to Fund Education 515353 403941 986 0 20 40 60 80 JulySeptemberOctober Percent likely voters Obama-Biden Romney-Ryan Don't know/someone else 2012 Presidential Election 25 42 24 39 0 20 40 60 80 Prop 31: StateBudget, State andLocal Government Prop 32: PoliticalContributions byPayroll Deduction Percent likely voters September October Percent Yes for Governance Measures PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 7 PRESIDENTIAL AND CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS President Obama and Vice President Joe Biden maintain a lead over Republican challenger s Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan (53% to 41%) among California likely voters in the upcoming presidential election. Findings were sim ilar last m onth and in July. The second presidential debate occurred while the survey was being conducted. Likely voters nationwide remain closely divided (47% Obama, 47% Romney) , according to an NBC/Wall Street Journal poll conducted at about the same time as our survey. Overwhelming majorities of De mocratic and Republican likely voters support their party’s candidate, while independent likely voters are divided (4 4% Obama, 43% Romney). Obama led Romney by a wider margin among independents in September (13 points) and July (16 points). While both men (50% Obama, 43% Romney) and women (57% Obama, 38% Romney) prefer Obama, women do so by a larger margin. Latinos ( 74%) overwhelmingly support Obama, while half of whites (42% Obama, 52% Romney) support Romney. T he youth vote played an important role in Obama’s 2008 victory ; in California, likely voters under 35 still support him by a wide margin (69% to 2 3% for Romney). A similar share of young voters supported Obama in October 2008 (65%). Voters 35 to 54 are divided (47% Obama, 46% Romney ), while voters age 55 and older have a slight preference for Obama ( 51% Obama, 44 % Romney). Obama has a solid lead among those with lower hous ehold incomes (63% less than $40,000), while about half of those earning more support Obama. Majorities of likely voters in Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area prefer Obama, while a majority of Other Southern California voters (53%) prefer Romney . Voters in the Central Valley are divided . Majorities of evangelical Pr otestants (58% ) and mainline Protestants (53%) support Romney; Catholics prefer Obama. Those with no religion strongly support Obama. “If the November 6th presidential election were being held today, would you vote for: the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Bide n or the Republican ticket of Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan? ” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Gender Dem Rep Ind Men Women Obama- Biden 53% 90% 10% 44% 50% 57% Romney -Ryan 41 6 86 43 43 38 Someone else (volunteered) 2 2 1 3 3 2 Don't know 4 2 3 10 4 3 California likely voters prefer a Congress controlled by Democrats ( 52%) over one controlled by Republicans ( 39%). Since March, likely voters have expressed this preference, but the margin has shifted slightly over time ( 15-point preference for Democrats in March, 7-point preference in May, 14- point preference in September, 13 -po int preference today). In the month before the 2010 mid- term elections, likely voters were more closely divided (45% preferred Democrats, 43% Republ icans). Strong majorities of Democratic and Republican likely voters prefer a Congress controlled by their party, while independents are divided. Last month, a majority of independents (54%) said they favored D emocratic control. “What is your preference for the outcome of this year's congressional elections: a Congress controlled by Republicans or a Congress controlled by Democrats?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Gender Dem Rep Ind Men Women Controlled by Republicans 39% 8% 79% 43% 43% 35% Controlled by Democrats 52 87 10 39 50 53 Neither (volunteered) 5 2 7 11 4 6 Don't know 4 2 4 7 3 5 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 8 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION ATTITUDES Six in 10 likely voters say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting in the presidential election, while 27 percent are less enthusiastic and 11 percent volunteer they feel no different about voting this November. A greater share of Republican likely voters and Romney -Ryan supporters (70 % each ) are more enthusia stic compared with Democrats ( 61%) and Obama- Biden supporters ( 60%). Just under half of independents (47%) say they are more enthusiastic, four in 10 are less so, and 12 percent feel the same. About six in 10 across most demographic groups say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting. Seven in 10 likely voters in the Other Southern California region (typically a more conservative area) say they are more enthusiastic , as do two in three in the more liber al-leaning Los Angeles . In September 2008, 65 percent of likely voters said t hey were more enthusiastic about voting than usual, but there was more excitement on the Democratic side (76% among Obama supporters, 59% among McCain supporters ). “Thinking about the presidential election that will be held this November, are you more enthusiastic about voting t han usual, or less enthusiastic?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Presidential election choice Dem Rep Ind Obama– Biden Romney –Ryan More enthusiastic 61% 61% 70% 47% 60% 70% Less enthusiastic 27 26 21 41 25 22 Same/neither (volunteered) 11 11 9 12 13 8 Don’t know 1 2 – – 2 – A strong majority of likely voters (69 %) are satisfied with their choices of candidates in the presidential election. Satisfaction is much higher than in October 2008 (56%). Satisfaction has risen steadily over the course of this election cycle, from 49 percent last December to 69 percent today. Although Democrats remain more likely than either Republicans or independents to say they are satisfied, satisfaction has increased sharply among Republicans since May, as support coalesced around Romney. Satisfaction has increased 19 points among independents since December . Strong majorities of both Obama (76%) and Romney (68%) supporters say they are satisfied with their candidate choices. Solid majorities across regions and demographic groups are satisfied. Two in three among Latinos (68%) and whites (67 %) are satisfied. “In general, would you say you are satis fied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the election for U.S. president in 2012 ?” Likely voters only Percent satisfied Dec 11 Jan 12 Mar 12 May 12 Sep 12 Oct 12 All likely voters 49% 53% 53% 57% 66% 69% Democrats 57 67 65 75 78 77 Republicans 47 44 45 46 65 69 Independents 33 39 43 48 49 52 With the election just around the corner, nearly all likely voters are following news about the presidential candidates: 58 percent very closely and 35 percent fairly closely. The percentage of likely voters following candidate news very closely was similar last month and has increased 18 points since July. It is similar to October 2008 (54%) before the last presidential election. The percentage following news very closely increases with ag e and is higher among whites (62 %) than Latinos (45%) and among men (65%) than women (52%). PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 9 PROPOSITION 30: TEMPORARY TAXES FOR EDUCATION, PUBLIC SAFETY FUNDING Proposition 30 is an initiative placed on the November ballot by Governor Brown and others to increase taxes on earnings over $250,000 for seven years and sales taxes by ¼ cent for four years to fund schools and to guarantee public safety realignment funding. When read the ballot title and label for Proposition 30, 48 percent of likely voters say they would vote yes, 4 4 percent would vote no, and 8 percent are undecided. The margin has narrowed since September (52% yes, 40% no) . Pro position 30 has strong majority support from Democrats, while a strong majority of Republicans would vote no. Independents are more divided, with hal f opposed to the measure. Women, men, those with incomes of $40,000 or more, and public school parents are divided. Suppo rt among Latino likely voters (68%) is far higher than among white voters (40%), and voters age 18 to 34 ( 70%) are far more likely than older voters to say they would vote yes. Likely voters who approve of Governor Brown’s job performance support Proposition 30 (71% yes) , while strong majo rities of those who disapprove are opposed ( 70% no). A strong majority of Obama supporters (72%) would vote yes, while a strong majority of Romney supporters (74%) would vote no. Strong majorities (74%) oppose the automatic s pending cuts to K–12 public schools that would be implemented if Proposition 30 fails , including 89 percent of yes voters and 58 percent of those who would vote no. “Proposition 30 is called the ‘ Temporary Taxes to Fund Education. Guaranteed Local Public Safety Funding. Initiative Constitutional Amendment.’ …If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 30?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All likely voters 48% 44% 8% Public school parents 45 46 9 Party Democrats 70 22 8 Republicans 20 70 11 Independents 43 50 7 Gender Men 48 45 7 Women 48 42 10 Household income Under $40,000 54 38 7 $40,000 to under $80,000 48 42 10 $80,000 or more 45 48 7 *For complete text of proposition question, see p . 27 . Six in 10 likely voters say the outcome of the vote on Proposition 30 is very important to them. The belief that the outcome is very important is held by more than half across parties, but more widely held among those who would vote yes than who would vote no. Findings among likely voters were similar in September (60% very important, 28% somewhat important, 9% not too/not at all important). “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 30— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Vote on Prop. 30 Dem Rep Ind Yes No Very important 58% 62% 56% 53% 65% 55% Somewhat important 30 28 30 34 30 30 Not too/not at all important 8 6 10 11 4 14 Don’t know 3 4 3 2 – 1 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 10 PROPOSITION 38: TAX FOR EDUCATION AND EARLY CHILDHOOD PROGRAMS Proposition 38 is an initiative placed on the November ballot by attorney Molly Munger that would increase taxes on earnings for 12 years, using a sliding scale, with revenues going to K –12 schools and early childhood programs and also, for four years, to repaying state debt. When read the Proposition 38 ballot title and label, 39 percent say they would vote yes, while 53 percent would vote no, and 9 percent are undeci ded. Voters were more divided in September (45% yes, 45% no). Just over half of Democrats support Proposition 38, while seven in 10 Republicans and just over half of independent s are opposed . Public school parents are divided. A majority of men are opposed to Proposition 38, while women are slightly more likely to be opposed than in favor . Those with household incomes of less than $40,000 are far more likely than more- affluent voters to support it. Younger voters ( age 18 to 34) are far more likely than older voters to support Proposition 38 , and Latinos are twice as likely as whites to support it (61% to 30%). Among those who would vote yes on Proposition 30, 57 percent support Proposition 38. Among those who would vote no on Proposition 30, 74 percent would also vote no on Proposition 38. In all, 2 8 percent would vote yes on both Proposition 30 and Proposition 38, while 32 percent would vote no on both propositions. “Proposition 38 is called the ‘ Tax for Education and Early Childhood Programs. Initiative Statute.’… If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 3 8?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All likely voters 39% 53% 9% Public school parents 44 46 10 Party Democrats 53 37 9 Republicans 21 71 7 Independents 39 53 9 Gender Men 36 57 7 Women 41 48 11 Household income Under $40,000 56 39 6 $40,000 to under $80,000 36 52 12 $80,000 or more 31 62 7 *For complete text of proposition question, see p . 28. When it comes to the importance of the outcome on Proposition 38, half of likely voters say the outcome is very important to them. This perception is more widely held by Republicans (57%) than among Democrats (48%) or independents (44%) . Likely voters who would vote yes are slightly more likely than those who would vote no to call the outcome very important. Findings among likely voters were similar in September (50% very important, 37% somewhat important, 9% not too/not at all important). “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 3 8— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Vote on Prop. 38 Dem Rep Ind Yes No Very important 50% 48% 57% 44% 56% 50% Somewhat important 35 35 29 43 34 37 Not too/not at all important 12 14 12 11 11 12 Don’t know 3 3 3 2 – – PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 11 PROPOSITION 31: STATE BUDGET, STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Proposition 31 is an initiative on the November ballot that would establish a two- year budget, set rules for offsetting new expenditures and for governor -enacted budget cuts in fiscal emergencies, and allow local governments to alter the application of laws governing state -funded programs. When read the ballot title and label, 24 percent of likely voters say they would vote yes, 4 8 percent would vote no, and 2 8 percent are undecided. In September , 25 percent said they would vote yes, 42 percent would vote no, and 32 percent were undecided . Proposition 31 does not have majority support from any party or ideological group or from any age, education, income, gender, racial/ethnic, or regional group. In fact, across most of these groups about one in five or more are undecided. Eighty percent of likely voters call the state budge t situation a big problem and 57 percent say that local government services have been affected a lot by state budget cuts, but how does this relate to support for Proposition 31? Among likely voters who called the budget situation a big problem, 24 percent would vote yes, 47 percent would vote no, and 29 percent are undecided. Among those who say their local government services have been affected a lot by state budget cuts, 24 percent would vote yes, 47 percent would vote no, and 30 percent are undecided. “Proposition 31 is called the ‘ State Budget. State and Local Government. Initiative Consti tutional Amendment and Statute.’… If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 31?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All likely voters 24% 48% 28% Party Democrats 25 45 30 Republicans 24 50 26 Independents 22 50 28 Ideology Liberals 24 45 31 Moderates 21 47 32 Conservatives 25 52 23 Household income Under $40,000 26 49 24 $40,000 to under $80,000 23 47 30 $80,000 or more 24 47 28 *For complete text of proposition question, see p. 27. Regarding the importance of the outcome of the vote on Proposition 31, 2 4 percent of likely voters say the outcome is very important to them. T hree in 10 or fewer across party groups and among yes and no voters say the outcome is very important. Findings among likely voters were similar in September (29% very important, 37% somewhat important, 19% not too/not at all important). “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 31— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Vote on Prop. 31 Dem Rep Ind Yes No Very important 24% 24% 27% 23% 30% 26% Somewhat important 43 42 40 47 55 49 Not too/not at all important 18 16 21 21 12 23 Don’t know 14 18 13 10 2 1 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 12 PROPOSITION 32: POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS BY PAYROLL DEDUCTION Proposition 32 is an initiative on the November ballot that would prohibit unions, corporations, and government contractors from using payroll -deducted funds for political purposes. Proposition 32 also prohibits union and corporate contributions to candidates and their committees and prohibits government contractor contributions to elected officers or their committees. When read the ballot title and label for Proposition 32, 39 percent say they would vote yes, 53 percent would vote no, and 7 percent are undecided. In September , 42 percent said they would vote yes and 49 percent would vote no. Today, a strong majorit y of Democrats ( 68%) would vote no and a majority of Republicans ( 56%) would vote yes. Independents are more divided (42 % yes, 49% no). Similar to party findings, strong majorities of liberals (7 4%) are opposed, while a majority of conservatives (5 5%) would vote yes. Strong majorities of Latino likely voters ( 71%) are opposed, while whites are divided (44% yes, 47% no). More than half across age g roups say they would vote no and a plurality of likely voters across income groups are opposed. Men (41% yes, 53 % no) and women (3 8% yes, 54 % no) have similar opinions of Proposition 32. O pposition to Proposition 32 is higher among college graduates than others . “Proposition 32 is called the ‘Political Contributions by Payroll Deduction. Contributions to Candidates. Initiative Statute.’…If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 32?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All likely voters 39% 53% 7% Party Democrats 27 68 5 Republicans 56 34 10 Independents 42 49 9 Ideology Liberals 21 74 5 Moderates 39 51 10 Conservatives 55 38 7 Household income Under $40,000 36 59 6 $40,000 to under $80,000 44 49 7 $80,000 or more 38 54 7 *For complete text of proposition question, see p. 28. Fifty -one percent of likely voters —including about half or more across parties—view the outcome of the vote on Proposition 32 as very important. Just over half of yes (56%) and no voters (51%) consider it very important, but this is up 11 points among no voters since September ( from 40% to 51%). Likely voters in September were somewhat less likely to view the outcome as important (43% very important, 37% somewhat important, 1 6% not too/not at all important). “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 3 2— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?” Likely voters only All likely voters Party Vote on Prop. 32 Dem Rep Ind Yes No Very important 51% 48% 55% 48% 56% 51% Somewhat important 35 41 30 36 35 37 Not too/not at all important 11 9 12 13 9 12 Don’t know 3 3 4 3 – 1 October 2012 Californians and Their Government 13 STATE AND NATIONAL ISSUES KEY FINDINGS  Four in 10 Californians (42%) approve of Governor Brown and 28 percent approve of the California Legislature. As President Obama approaches Election Day he has the approval of 63 percent of Californians, his highest level since September 2009; one in four approve of Congress. (page 14 )  Most Californians (56%) continue to name jobs and the economy as the most important issue facing the state. Just over half of Californians say the state is headed in the wrong direction and faces bad economic times. Meanwhile, pessimism about the direction and economic outlook of the nation as a whole has dropped markedly since 2008. ( page 15)  Nearly all Californians say the state budget situation is a problem and say their local government services have been affected by recent state budget cuts. (page 16)  Seven in 10 Californians generally oppose raising state personal income taxes and the state sales tax; majorities favor raising state income taxes on the wealthy and taxes on corporations. (page 17 )  Majorities of Californians express distrust of both state and federal government. They also say that both waste a lot of taxpayer money and are pretty much run by special interests. (pages 18, 19 )  Strong majorities of Californians say the citizens’ initiative process needs change and favor reforms to the system. ( page 20)  Favorable impressions of the Democratic Party are at a record high (58%). Far fewer view the Republican Party (35%) or the Tea Party movement (27%) favorably. (page 21 ) 74 70 49 46 0 20 40 60 80 Wrong direction Bad economic times Percent all adults Aug 08 Oct 12 Pessimism about Direction and Economic Outlook of the United States 7163585556 5159 63 23 43 39 2431 30 27 2426 0 20 40 60 80 100 Oct08 Mar 09 Sep 09 Mar 10 Oct 10 Mar 11 Sep 11 Mar 12 Oct 12 Percent all adults President Obama U.S. Congress Approval Ratings of Federal Elected Officials 41 42 4146 3942 26 2326 28 2528 0 20 40 60 80 Jan11 May 11 Sep 11 Jan 12 May 12 Oct 12 Percent all adults Governor Brown State Legislature Approval Ratings of State Elected Officials PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 14 ELECTED OFFICIALS’ APPROVAL RATINGS Governor Brown’s approval rating is at 42 percent among all adults ; 37 per cent disapprove and 21 percent are unsure about his job performance. Among likely voters, 45 percent approve, 43 percent disapprove, and 12 percent are unsure. Approval of Governor Brown has remained steady since he took office in January 2011; disapproval grew 9 points between January and September 2011 ( 19% to 28%) and is at 37 percent today. The California Legislature continues to get low approval ratings (28 %). Approval is similar to last month (30%) and has not surpassed 30 percent s ince January 2008 (34%). Majorities across parties disapprove , with Re publicans ( 79%) and independents (6 1%) being much more disapproving than Democrats (55%). “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that…” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California? Approve 42% 61% 20% 37% 45% Disapprove 37 22 72 37 43 Don't know 21 17 8 26 12 The California Legislature is handling its job? Approve 28 32 12 21 21 Disapprove 55 55 79 61 68 Don't know 17 13 9 17 11 Less than two weeks before the general election, 63 percent of Californians approve and 35 percent disapprove of President Obama. Among likely voters, 5 4 percent approve and 45 percent disapprove. I n February 2009 just after taking office, the president’s approval rating was at 70 percent among Californians , but declined to 55 percent in October 2010 before the mid -term elections. It reached a low of 51 percent in September 2011 and has climbed steadily since then. Majorities across regions and demographic groups approve of th e president (with the exception of whites at 45%) . Approval is higher in the San Francisco Bay Area (76 %) and Los Angeles (68%) than in the Central Valley (59%) and the Other Southern California region (52%). Approval declines as age increases . Those earning less than $40,000 ( 71 %) are more likely to approve of Obama than those with higher income s. Approval ratings of the U.S. Congress among all adults remain low at 26 percent. Fifteen percent of likely voters approve of the U.S. Congress. About one in four Californians have expressed approval of Congress in each survey this year. Approval was slightly higher in October 2010 (31%), while ratings in October 2008 (23%) were similar to today. Strong majorities across parties disapprove of Congres s. Across regions and demographic groups, at least half disapprove of the U.S. Congress. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that...” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Barack Obama is handling his job as president of the United States? Approve 63% 86% 12% 59% 54% Disapprove 35 13 86 39 45 Don't know 2 2 2 2 1 The U.S. Congress is handling its job ? Approve 26 21 10 17 15 Disapprove 67 75 84 75 81 Don't know 7 5 6 8 4 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 15 OVERALL MOOD Jobs and the economy (56%) continues to be named as the most important issue facing Californians today. Only 10 percent mention the state budget or deficit, while 9 percent name education and schools. Pessimism about the direction of the state has declined som ewhat since last month (60% to 53% today) . Today the share of Californians having a negative outlook for the state is much l ower than in other times just before a general election, October 2010 (73%) and October 2008 (71%). Californians have a somewhat more positive outlook for the nation compared to the state: 46 percent say it is headed in the right direction while 49 percent say wrong direction. Pessimism about the direction of the nation was at 74 percent in August 2008 , but declined to 58 percent by October 2010 and to 49 percent today . “Do you think things in … are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind California Right direction 39% 55% 11% 28% 34% Wrong direction 53 38 85 63 60 Don't know 8 7 3 9 6 United States Right direction 46 65 10 40 42 Wrong direction 49 31 88 53 55 Don't know 5 5 2 7 3 Eight in 10 Californians believe that the state is in a recession (40 % serious, 32% moderate, 8% mild) . O nly 18 percent say the state is not in a recession. With jobs and the economy as their main concern and most saying the state is in a recession, how do Californians view future economic conditions? Fifty -three percent say the state will have bad times fi nancially in the next 12 months and 37 percent say it will have good times. The share with a negative economic outlook declined 12 points between October 2008 (74%) and October 2010 (62%) . It has declined another 9 points to today (53%) . Californians are divided when it comes to their assessment of the nation’s economic outlook (45 % good times, 46% bad times). Seventy percent had a negative outlook for the nation in August 2008, which declined to 58 percent by September 2010, and has further declined to 46 percent today. Democrats (60% good times) are far more optimistic than independents (40%) or Republicans (18%). “Turning to economic conditions...” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind …in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? Good times 37% 48% 18% 33% 34% Bad times 53 38 73 58 53 Don't know 11 14 9 9 12 …do you think that during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially or bad times? Good times 45 60 18 40 42 Bad times 46 30 71 51 48 Don't know 10 10 12 9 10 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 16 STATE BUDGET SITUATION Most Californians say that the state’s budget situation (the balance between spending and revenues) is a b ig ( 70%) or somewhat ( 25%) of a problem, continuing what has become a long -term trend. Since January 2008, more than six in 10 Californians have said the budget situation is a big problem. By comparison, 44 percent held that view in May 2007 before the onset of the Great Recession. Among likely voters, 80 percent consider the budget situation a big problem and 18 percent somewhat of a problem. More than seven in 10 across parties say it is a big problem, with Republicans ( 89%) especially lik ely to hold this view. The percentage saying the budget situation is a big problem increases as education and income levels rise. W hites (82%) are much more likely than Asians ( 63%) or Latinos (55%) to hold this view. N early nine in 10 Californians say their local government services have been affected (59% a lot, 29% somewhat) by recent state budget cuts. Democrats are more likely than Republicans and independents to say local services have been affected a lot. Los Angeles residents ( 65%) are the most likely to hold this view, but majorities in other regions have also noticed large effects. This perception decreases as income and education levels rise . Women (64%) and Latinos (71%) are more likely than men (54%), whites (53%) , and Asians (43%) to have noticed large cuts. “Would you say that your local government services—such as those provided by city and county governments and public schools —have or have not been affected by recent state budget cuts?” ( If they have: “Have they been affected a lot or somewhat?” ) All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Affected a lot 59% 64% 45% 53% 57% Affected somewhat 29 28 35 30 31 Not affected 8 6 14 12 9 Don’t know 4 2 6 5 3 The balanced budget enacted in July relies on voters passing Proposition 30 to avoid automatic spending cuts, primarily to K –12 schools. If the ballot measure fails, how do Californians prefer to resolve the ensuing deficit? Four in 10 prefer a mix of spen ding cuts and tax increases (39%) while four in 10 (37%) prefer mostly spending cuts. Just one in 10 prefer mostly tax increases. Findings are similar among likely voters. While Republicans (63%) prefer mostly spending cuts , majorities of Democrats (51% mix of cuts and taxes, 14% mostly tax increases) and independents (45% mix of cuts and taxes, 10% mostly tax increases) prefer a solution that includes taxes. Findings among all adults were similar last month. “As you may know, the state government currently has an annual general fund budget of around $91 billion and will face a multibillion dollar gap between spending and revenues if a ballot initiative to raise taxes does not pass in November. How would you prefer to deal with the state’ s potential budget gap— mostly through spending cuts, mostly through tax increases, through a mix of spending cuts and tax increases, or do you think that it is okay for the state to borrow money and run a budget deficit?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind A mix of spending cuts and tax increases 39% 51% 29% 45% 43% Mostly through spending cuts 37 24 63 36 40 Mostly through tax increases 11 14 3 10 11 Okay to borrow money and run a budget deficit 7 5 1 2 3 Other 1 1 2 3 2 Don’t know 6 5 2 4 3 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 17 RAISING REVENUES Several measures that would raise taxes are on the November ballot, but how do Californians feel about raising taxes more generally? Among four types of taxes we find majority support for increasing income taxes on the wealthy and for raising corporate taxes, and strong opposition to raising either the state sales tax or state personal income taxes. “For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal.” All adults Raising state personal income taxes Raising th e top rate of the state income tax paid by the wealthiest Californians R aising the state sales tax R aising the state taxes paid by California corporations Favor 24 % 66% 28% 59% Oppose 72 29 69 35 Don’t know 3 4 3 5 Proposition 38 on the November ballot would temporarily increase state personal income taxes on a sliding scale for nearly all residents to raise revenues for schools, early childhood programs, and initially to pay some state debt obligations. Just one in four Californians and likely voters support the idea of raising income taxes in general. Fewer than 35 percent across parties, regions , and demographic groups support this idea. Nevertheless, two in three Californians and likely voters do support the idea, in general, of increasing income taxes on the wealthy. Proposition 30, promoted by Governor Brown, would temporarily increase taxes on residents earning over $250,000 annually to raise revenues for schools. While Republicans oppose the g eneral idea of raising taxes on the wealthiest residents, majorities of Democrats, independents, and Californians across regions and demographic groups favor this idea. Proposition 30 would also temporarily raise the state sales tax by ¼ cent. When it comes to the general idea of raising the sales tax, about three in 10 Californians and likely voters express support. Democrats are more likely to favor the idea than independents and Republicans, but support falls short of a majority even among Democrats . It also falls short across all regions and demographic groups. Proposition 39, to fund clean energy projects, would seek a single sales factor for multi -state corporations, which could lead to tax increases for many businesses. In general, a majority of Cali fornians and likely voters favor increasing corporate taxes, but the idea sharply divides voters along party lines. Percent in favor of tax increase Personal income taxes Tax on the wealthy Sales tax Corporate tax All adults 24 % 66% 28% 59% Likely voters 25 64 32 55 Party Democrats 34 87 38 78 Republicans 8 33 16 29 Independents 26 59 28 54 Region Central Valley 26 61 28 54 San Francisco Bay Area 30 78 42 63 Los Angeles 21 73 26 66 Other Southern California 21 56 20 52 Household i ncome Under $40,000 25 72 26 69 $40,000 to under $80,000 25 65 29 58 $80,000 or more 24 64 30 49 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 18 TRUST IN STATE GOVERNMENT Californians are consider ing the option of raising taxes through state propositions on the November ballot, but most do not trust the state government in Sacramento. Today, just 27 percent of all adults and 22 percent of likely voters say they trust the state government to do what is right just about always or most of the time. Before t he statewide general election two years ago, even fewer adults (18%) and likely voters (15%) expressed these levels of trust . Today, strong majorities of Democrats, Republicans, and independents say that they can trust the state government to do what is right only some of the time or they volunteer a response of “ none of the time.” In addition, strong majorities of adults ( 67%) and likely voters (7 1%) say that the state government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves. In October 2010, a somewhat higher 75 percent of adults and 7 9 percent of likely voters also expressed this view. Today, Republicans (83%) and independents (74 %) are more likely than Democrats (63%) to have this view of state government. “How much of the time do you think you can trust the state government in Sacramento to do what is right?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Just about always 4% 3% 1% 1% 2% Most of the time 23 27 8 24 20 Only some of the time 63 66 73 57 68 None of the time (volunteered) 8 2 17 17 10 Don’t know 2 1 1 1 1 Six in 10 adults and likely voters (60% each ) also say that the people in the state government waste a lot of taxpayer money . In October 2010, a slightly higher proportion of adults (66%) and likely voters (67%) held this view . Similarly, independents today are much less likely than they were two years ago to perceive a lot of waste (51% today, 69% 2010). Republicans’ views are similar (74% today, 80% 2010) and Democrats’ views are unchanged (53% today, 54% 2010). Among the likely voters that say the state government wastes a lot of taxpayer money, 35 percent would vote yes on Proposition 30, while 56 percent would vote no. “Do you think the people in state government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it?” All adults Party Likely v oters Dem Rep Ind A lot 60% 53% 74% 51% 60% Some 32 36 23 43 33 Don’t waste very much 6 8 1 5 6 Don’t know 3 3 1 1 2 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 19 TRUST IN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Californians are prepar ing to go to the polls in a national election, but most do not express trust in the federal government. Today, just 31 percent of adults and 2 5 percent of likely voters say they trust the federal government to do what is right just about always or most of the time. Four years ago during the month before the national election, slightly fewer adults ( 22%) and a similar 20 percent of likely voters expressed these views . Today, majorities across all parties and demographic groups say they can trust the federal government only some or none of the time. Democratic voters are much more likely than Republicans or independents —and Latinos (44%) and Asians (38%) are more l ikely than whites (21%)— t o say they trust the federal government just about always or most of the time . Majorities of adults (57%) and likely voters (60%) also say that the people in the federal government waste a lot taxpayer money . In October 2008, a much higher proportion of adults (74%) and likely voters (7 7%) sai d this. What accounts for the change ? Democratic (73 % 2008, 49% today ) and independent voters (72% 2008, 54% today ) are much less likely— and Republicans (80% 2008, 74% today) slightly less likely —to perceive a lot of was te in federal spending. “How much of the time do you think you can trust the federal government in Washington today to do what is right?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Just about always 7% 8% 3% 2% 5% Most of the time 24 25 11 19 20 Only some of the time 63 63 76 67 68 None of the time (volunteered) 5 2 10 11 6 Don’t know 1 1 – 1 – Strong majorities of adults (67%) and likely voters (73 %) say that the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking after themselves. In October 2008 , a somewhat higher 74 percent of adults and a similar 78 percent of likely voters expressed this view. Today, Republicans (83%) are more likely than independents (71%) and Democrats (69%) to hold this view. Latinos (56%) and Asians (60%) are much less likely than whites (77%) to say the federal government is run by a few big interests. Among those who say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests, likely voters are evenl y divided in their preferences for president (47% Obama, 47% Romney) and control of Congress (45% controlled by Republicans, 46% controlled by Democrats). “Would you say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves, or that it is run for the benefit of all of the people?” All adults Party Likely v oters Dem Rep Ind A few big interests 67% 69% 83% 71% 73% Benefit of all the people 28 26 13 25 23 Don’t know 5 5 4 4 5 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 20 INITIATIVE PROCESS AND RE FORMS Voters will be deciding the outcome of 11 state propositions in November , including tax measures, all placed on the ballot through the i nitiative process . What do Californians think of this process? More than four in 10 (46%) say it is in need of major changes, one in four (26%) say minor changes, and 21 percent say it is fine the way it is. The share saying majo r changes are needed is 10 points higher today than in September 2008 (36%), and was at a high of 5 2 percen t in October 2010. Democrats (50 %) are more likely than independents (38%) and Republicans (35%) to say major changes are needed. Latinos (60%) are much more likely than whites (40%) and Asians (2 9%) to hold this view. The share saying major changes are needed to the process declines as income rises and is higher among those with a high school education only (54%) than among those with higher education levels (41% some college, 39% college graduate) . “Do you think the citizens’ initiative process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or that it is basically fine the way it is?” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Major changes 46% 50% 35% 38% 40% Minor changes 26 26 29 38 30 Fine the way it is 21 17 28 19 23 Don’t know 7 6 7 5 7 Overwhelming majorities express support for two potential reforms to the initiative process. The first reform involves having a period of time in which the initiative sponsor and the legislature could meet to see if a compromise solution is possible before initiatives go to the ballot. Eight in 10 adults and likely voters favor this idea. Since we first asked this question in October 2005, 75 percent or more have favored it. Across parties, support is slightly higher among Democrats (8 5%) than among independents and Republicans (76% each). Across regions and demographic groups, more than three in four favor this reform. The second reform involves increasing public disclosure of funding sources for signature gathering and initiative campaigns. Three in four adults (77%) and 84 percent of likely voters favor this idea. Over 70 percent of Californians have supported it in each of the six times we have asked this question. The level of support is nearly identical across parties, with eight in 10 saying they favor this idea. More than two in three across regions and demographic g roups express support. “Reforms have been suggested to address issues that arise in the initiative process. Please say whether you would favor or oppose each of the following reform proposals. How about…” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind …having a period of time in which the initiative sponsor and the legislature could meet to see if there is a compromise solution before initiatives go to the ballot? Favor 81% 85% 76% 76% 79% Oppose 14 12 20 18 17 Don't know 5 3 4 6 4 …increasing public disclosure of funding sources for signature gathering and initiative campaigns? Favor 77 81 81 80 84 Oppose 16 13 15 14 12 Don't know 7 6 3 6 4 PPIC Statewide S urvey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 21 PARTY PERCEPTIONS Have Californians’ perceptions of the major political parties changed in the course of a bitter partisan campaign this year ? Today, 58 percent of all adults and 53 percent of likely voters hold favorable impressions of the Democratic Party, up from 47 percent among all adults and 44 percent am ong likely voters last September and in October 2010 . Favorable impressions of the Democratic Party are at a record high today . Favorable impressions of the Republican Party have improved slightly since 2010 among adults (28% October 2010, 32% September 20 11, 35% today) and likely voters (31% 2010, 30% 2011, 38% today). Following past trends, Democrats today have more favorable views of their party than Republicans have of their party. While a solid majority of independents have an unfavorable view of the R epublican Party (62%), they are divided about the Democratic Party (46% favorable, 46% unfavorable) . Meanwhile, favorable perceptions of the Te a Party movement among adults (27 %) and likely voters (32%) are slightly lower than favorabl e ratings of the Republican Party. Compared to last September, favorable impressions of the Tea Party are similar for all adults (24% to 27% today) and unchanged among likely voters (32% to 3 2%). Favorable perceptions among adults and likely voters were also similar in October 2010 (27% adults, 35% likely voters). As in past surveys, majorities of Republicans today have favorable impressions of the Tea Party movement, while majorities of Democrats and independents have unfavorable impressions. “Do you have a favorab le or an unfavorable impression of the …” All adults Party Likely voters Dem Rep Ind Democratic Party? Favorable 58% 86% 16% 46% 53% Unfavorable 35 11 81 46 44 Don't know 7 3 3 8 3 Republican Party? Favorable 35 14 72 29 38 Unfavorable 56 82 24 62 58 Don't know 9 4 5 9 4 The political movement known as the Tea Party? Favorable 27 10 63 24 32 Unfavorable 49 74 26 58 56 Don't know 24 16 11 18 12 When asked whether the major parties do an adequate job of representing the American people, 44 percent of all adults and 42 percent of likely voters say they do. About half of adults and likely voters say a third par ty is needed, including 59 percent of independents, 48 percent of Democrats, and 45 percent of Republi cans. Californians are about as likely to say a third party is needed today (48%) as they were in September 2008 (52 %). “ In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed?” All adults Party Likely v oters Dem Rep Ind Adequate job 44% 45% 49% 35% 42% Third party is needed 48 48 45 59 52 Don't know 8 6 6 6 7 October 2012 Californians and Their Government 22 REGIONAL MAP October 2012 Californians and Their Government 23 METHODOLOGY The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, president and CEO and survey director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with assistance from Dean Bonner, project manager f or this survey, and survey research associate s Sonja Petek and Jui Shrestha . The Californians and Their Government series is supported with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. We benefit from discussions with PPIC staff, foundation staff, and other policy experts , but the methods, questions, and content of this report were determined solely by Mark Baldassare and the survey team. Findings in this report are based on a survey of 2,00 6 California adult residents, including 1,605 interviewed on landline telephones and 401 interviewed on cell phones. Interviews took an average of 19 minutes to complete. Interviewing took place on weekend days and weekday nights from October 14 to 21 , 2012. Landline interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted numbers were called. All landline telephone exchanges in California were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as six times to increase the likelihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Cell phones were included in this survey to account for the growing number of Califor nians who use them. These interviews were conducted using a computer -generated random sample of cell phone numbers. All cell phone numbers with California area codes were eligible for selection, and the sample telephone numbers were called as many as eight times to increase the likelihood of reaching an eligible respondent. Once a cell phone user was reached, it was verified that this person was age 18 or older, a resident of California, and in a safe place to continue the survey (e.g., not driving). Cell phone respondents were offered a small reimbursement to help defray the cost of the call. Cell phone interviews were conducted with adults who have cell phone service only and with those who have both cell phone and landline service in the household. Live landline and cell phone interviews were conducted by Abt SRBI, Inc. , in English and Spanish, according to respondents’ preferences. Accent on Languages, Inc., translated new survey questions into Spanish, with assistance from Renatta DeFever. With assist ance from Abt SRBI we used recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2007– 2009 American Community Survey (ACS) through the University of Minnesota’s Integrated Public Use Microdata Series for California to compare certain demographic characteristics of the survey sample—region, age, gender, race/ethnicity, and education —with the characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the ACS figures. Abt SRBI used data from the 2008 National Health Interview Survey and data from the 2007 –2009 ACS for California both to estimate landline and cell phone service in California and to compare the data against landline and cell phone service reported in this survey. We also used voter registration data from the California Secretary of State to compare the party registration of registered voters in our sample to party registration statewide. The landline and cell phone samples were then integrated using a frame integration weight, while sample balancing adjusted for differences across regional, age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, telephone service, and party registration groups. The sampling error, taking design effects from weighting into consideration, is ±3. 2 percent at the 95 percent confidence level for the total sample of 2,00 6 adults. This means that 95 times out of 100, PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 24 the results will be within 3.2 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California were interviewed. The sampling error for subgroups is larger: For the 1,3 20 registered voters, it is ±3.6 percent; for the 9 93 likely voters, it is ±4. 0 percent. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. We present results for four geographic regions, accounting for approximately 90 percent of the state population. “Central Valley” includes Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, T ulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “San Francisco Bay Area” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, and “Other Southern California” includes Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties. Residents of other geographic areas are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, and likely voters , but sample sizes for these less populated areas are not large enough to report separately. We present specific results for non- Hispanic whites and for Latinos, who account for about a third of the state’s adult population and constitute one of the fastest -growing voter groups. We also present results for non -Hispanic Asians, who make up about 14 percent of the state’s adult population. Results for other racial/ethnic groups —such as non -Hispanic blacks and Native Americans —are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, and likely voters , but sample sizes are not large enough for separate analysis. We compare the opinions of those who report they are registered Democrats, registered Republicans, and decline -to -state or independent voters; the results for those who say they are registered to vote in othe r parties are not large enough for separate analysis. We also analyze the responses of likely voters —so designated by their responses to voter registration survey questions, previous election participation, intentions to vote in the presidential election in November , and current interest in politics. The percentages presented in the report tables and in the questionnaire may not add to 100 due to rounding. We compare current PPIC Statewide Survey results to those in our earlier surveys and to those in a national survey by NBC/Wall Street Journal . Additional details about our methodology can be found at www.ppic.org/content/other/SurveyMethodology.pdf and are available upon request t hrough surveys@ppic.org . October 2012 Californians and Their Government 25 QUESTIONNAIRE AND RESULTS CALIFORNIANS AND THEIR GOVERNMENT October 14– 21, 2012 2, 006 California Adult Residents: English , Spanish MARGIN OF ERROR ±3. 2% AT 95% CONFIDENCE LEVEL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE PERCENTAGES MAY NOT ADD TO 100 D UE TO ROUNDING 1. First, thinking about the state as a whole, what do you think is the most important issue facing people in California today? [code, don’t read ] 56% jobs, economy 10 state budget, deficit, taxes 9 education, schools 4 gas prices 3 immigration, illegal immigration 2 crime, gangs, drugs 2 government in general 2 health care, health costs 9 other 3 don’t know 2. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Jerry Brown is handling his job as governor of California? 42% approve 37 disapprov e 21 don’t know 3. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? 28% approve 55 disapprove 17 don’t know 4. Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wro ng direction? 39% right direction 53 wrong direction 8 don’t know 5. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? 37% good times 53 bad times 11 don’t know 6. Would you say that California is in an economic recession, or not? ( if yes: Do you think it is in a serious, a moderate, or a mild recession?) 40% yes, serious recession 32 yes, moderate recession 8 yes, mild recession 18 no 2 don’t know 7. Next, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote in California? 66% yes [ask q7a] 34 no [skip to q8b ] PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 26 7a. Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or are you r egistered as a decline -to -state or independent voter? 45% Democrat [ask q8] 32 Republican [ask q8a] 3 another party (specify) [skip to q9] 21 independent [skip to q8b] 8. Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 65% strong 34 not very strong 1 don’t know [skip to q9] 8a. Would you call yourself a strong Republican or not a very strong Republican? 65% strong 33 not very strong 2 don’t know [skip to q9] 8b. [independents and those not registered to vote ] Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? 24% Republican Party 47 Democratic Party 21 neither (volunteered) 8 don’t know [questions 9 -22 reported for likely voters only ] 9. [likely voters only] Next, if the November 6th presidential election were being held today, would you vote for: [ rotate ] (1) the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Biden [ or ] (2) the Republican ticket of Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan? 53% Barack Obama and Joe Biden 41 Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan 2 someone else (specify) 4 don’t know 10. [likely voters only] In general, would you say you are satisfied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the election for U.S. president in 2012? 69% satisfied 29 not s atisfied 2 don’t know 11. [likely voters only] How closely are you following news about candidates for the 2012 presidential election —very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely? 58% very closely 35 fairly closely 6 not too closely 1 not at all closely – don’t know 12. [likely voters only] Thinking about the presidential election that will be held this November, are you more enthusiastic about voting than usual, or less enthusiastic? 61% more enthusiastic 27 less enthusiastic 11 same/neither (volunteered) 1 don’t know 13. [likely voters only] What is your preference for the outcome of this year's congressional elections: [ rotate ] (1) a Congress controlled by Republicans [or] (2) a Congress controlled by Democrats ? 39% controlled by Republicans 52 controlled by Democrats 5 neit her (volunteered) 4 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 27 Next, we have a few questions to ask you about some of the propositions on the November ballot. 14. [likely voters only] Proposition 30 is called the “Temporary Taxes to Fund Education. Guaranteed Local Public Safety Funding. Initiative Constitutional Amendment.” It increases taxes on earnings over $250,000 for seven years and sales taxes by ¼ cent for four years, to fund schools. It guarantees public safety realignment funding. Fiscal impact is increased state tax revenues through 2018– 19, averaging about $6 billion annually over the next few years, revenues available for funding state budget, and in 2012 –13, planned spending reductions, primarily to education programs, would not occur. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 30? 48% yes 44 no 8 don’t know 15. [likely voters only] How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 30— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 58% very important 30 somewhat important 7 not too important 1 not at all important 3 don’t know 16. [likely voters only] If voters rejec t Proposition 30, automatic spending cuts would be made to K –12 public schools. Do you favor or oppose these automatic spending cuts to K– 12 public schools? 21% favor 74 oppose 5 don’t know 17. [likely voters only] Proposition 31 is called the “State B udget. State and Local Government. Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute.” It establishes a two- year state budget, sets rules for offsetting new expenditures, and governor budget cuts in fiscal emergencies. Local governments can alter application of laws governing state - funded programs. Fiscal impact is decreased state sales tax revenues of $200 million annually, with corresponding increases of funding to local governments. Other, potentially more significant changes in state and local budgets, de pending on future decisions by public officials. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 31? 24% yes 48 no 28 don’t know 18. [likely voters only] How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 31— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 24% very important 43 somewhat important 14 not too important 4 not at all important 14 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 28 19. [likely voters only] Proposition 32 is called the “Political Contributions by Payroll Deduction. Contributions to Candidates. Initiative Statute.” It prohibits unions from using payroll -deducted funds for political purposes, and applies same use prohibition to payroll deductions, if any, by corporations or government contractors. It prohibits union and corporate contributions to candidates and their committees and prohibits government contractor contributions to elected officers or their committe es. Fiscal impact is increased costs to state and local government, potentially exceeding $1 million annually, to implement and enforce the measure’s re quirements. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 32? 39% yes 53 no 7 don’t know 20. [likely voters only] How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 32— is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 51% very important 35 somewhat important 9 not too important 2 not at all important 3 don’t know 21. [likely voters only] Proposition 38 is called the “Tax for Education and Early Childhood Pro grams. Initiative Statute.” It i ncreases taxes on earnings using a sliding scale, for twelve years. Revenues go to K–12 schools and early childhood programs, and for four years to repaying state debt. Fiscal impact is increased state tax revenues for 12 years — roughly $10 billion annually in initial years, tending to grow over time. Funds used for schools, child care, a nd preschool, as well as providing savings on state debt payments. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 38? 39% yes 53 no 9 don’t know 22. [likely voters only] How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 38 —is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 50% very important 35 somewhat important 10 not too important 2 not at all important 3 don’t know 23. Next, do you think the state budget situation in Ca lifornia —that is, the balance between government spending and revenues —is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem for the people of California today? 70% big problem 25 somewhat of a problem 2 not a problem 2 don’t know 24. Would you say that your local government services —such as those provided by city and county governments and public schools —have or have not been affected by recent state budget cuts? ( if they have , ask: Have they been affected a lot or somewhat?) 59% affected a lot 29 affected somewhat 8 not affected 4 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 29 25. As you may know, the state government currently has an annual general fund budget of around $91 billion and will face a multibillion dollar gap between spending and revenues if a bal lot initiative to raise taxes does not pass in November. How would yo u prefer to deal with the state’s potential budget gap —mostly through spending cuts, mostly through tax increases, through a mix of spending cuts and tax increases, or do you think that it is okay for the state to borrow money and run a budget deficit? 37% mostly through spending cuts 11 mostly through tax increases 39 through a mix of spending cuts and tax increases 7 okay to borrow money and run a budget deficit 1 other (specify) 6 don’t know For each of the following, please say if you favor or oppose the proposal. [rotate questions 26 to 29] 26. Do you favor or oppose raising state personal income taxes? 24% favor 72 oppose 3 don’t know 27. Do you favor or oppose raising the top rate of the state income tax paid by the wealthiest Californians? 66% favor 29 oppose 4 don’t know 28. Do you favor or oppose raising the state sales tax? 28% favor 69 oppose 3 don’t know 29. Do you favor or oppose raising the state taxes paid by California corporations? 59% favor 35 oppose 5 don’t know Changing topics, 30. How much of the time do you think you can trust the state government in Sacramento to do what is right —just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time? 4% just about always 23 most of the time 63 only some of the time 8 none of the time (volunteered) 2 don’t know 31. Would you say the state government is pretty much run by a few big interests loo king out for themselves, or that it is run for the benefit of all of the people? 67% a few big interests 26 benefit of all of the people 7 don’t know 32. Do you think the people in state government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it? 60% a lot 32 some 6 don’t waste very much 3 don’t know On another topic, California uses the direct initiative process, which enables voters to bypass the legislature and have issues put on the ballot —as state propo sitions—for voter approval or rejection. 33. Do you think the citizens’ initiative process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or that it is basically fine the way it is? 46% major changes 26 minor changes 21 fine the way it is 7 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 30 Reforms have been suggested to address issues that arise in the initiative process. Please say whether you would favor or oppose each of the following reform proposals. [rotate questions 34 and 35] 34. How about increasing public disclosure of funding sources for signature gathering and initiative campaigns? 77% favor 16 oppose 7 don’t know 35. How about having a period of time in which the initiative sponsor and the legislature could meet to see if there is a compromise solution before initiatives go to the ballot? 81% favor 14 oppose 5 don’t know On another topic, 36. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Barack Obama is handling his job as president of the United States? 63% approve 35 disapprove 2 don’t know 37. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is handling its job? 26% approve 67 disapprove 7 don’t know 38. Do you think things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 46% right direction 49 wrong direction 5 don’t know 39. Turning to economic conditions, do you think that during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially or bad times? 45% good times 46 bad times 10 don’t know 40. Next, how much of the time do you think you can trust the federal government in Washington today to do what is right —just about always, most of the time, or only some of the time? 7% just about always 24 most of the time 63 only some of the time 5 none of the time (volunteered) 1 don’t know 41. Would you say the federal government is pretty much run by a few big interests looking out for themselves, or that it is run for the benefit of all of the people? 67% a few big interests 28 benefit of all of the people 5 don’t know 42. Do you think the people in the federal government waste a lot of the money we pay in taxes, waste some of it, or don’t waste very much of it? 57% a lot 35 some 7 don’t waste very much 2 don’t know Changing topics, [rotate questions 43 and 44] 43. Do you have a favorable or an unfavorable impression of the Democratic Party? 58% favorable 35 unfavorable 7 don’t know 44. Do you have a favorable or an unfavorable impression of the Republican Party? 35% favorable 56 unfavorable 9 do n’t know 45. Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of the political movement known as the Tea Party? 27% favorable 49 unfavorable 24 don’t know PPIC Statewide Survey October 2012 Californians and Their Government 31 46. In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing t he American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed? 44% adequate job 48 third party is needed 8 don’t know 47. Next, would you consider yourself to be politically: [ read list , rotate order top to bottom ] 12% very liberal 20 somewhat liberal 30 middle -of -the -road 22 somewhat conservative 14 very conservative 3 don’t know 48 . Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics —a great deal, a fair amount, only a little, or none? 26% great deal 39 fair amount 29 only a little 6 none – don’t know [d1 –d19: demographic questions ] PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ruben Barrales President and CEO San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Angela Blackwell Founder and CEO PolicyLink Mollyann Brodie Senior Vice President Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Executive Director University of California Washington Center James E. Canales President The James Irvine Foundation Jon Cohen Director of Polling The Washington Post Russell Hancock President and CEO Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Senior Scholar School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Robert Lapsley President California Business Roundtabl e Carol S. Larson President and CEO The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Monica Lozano Publisher and CEO La Opinión Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Lisa Pitney Vice President, Government Relations The Walt Disney Company Dan Rosenheim News Director KPIX -TV Robert K. Ross, M.D. President and CEO The California Endowment Most Reverend Jaime Soto Bishop of Sacramento Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento Cathy Taylor Vice President and Editorial Commentary Director Orange County Register Carol Whiteside President Emeritus Great Valley Center The PPIC Statewide Survey Advisory Committee is a diverse group of experts who provide advice on survey issues. However, survey methods, questions, content, and timing are determined solely by PPIC. PPIC BOARD OF DIRECTORS Gary K. Hart, Chair Former State Senator and Secretary of Education State of California Mark Baldassare President and CEO Public Policy Institute of Californi a Ruben Barrales President and CEO San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Marí a Blanco Vice President, Civic Engagement California Community Foundation Brigitte Bren Attorney Robert M. Hertzberg Vice Chair man Mayer Brown, LLP Walter B. Hewlett Chair, Board of Directors William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs David Mas Masumoto Author and Farmer Steven A. Merksamer Senior Partner Nielsen, Merksamer, Parrinello, Gross & Leoni , LLP Kim Polese Chairman ClearStreet, Inc. Thomas C. Sutton Retired Chairman and CEO Pacific Life Insurance Company The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research on major economic, social, and political issues. The institute’s goal is to raise public awareness and to give elected representatives and other decisionmakers a more informed basis for developing policies and programs. The institute’s research focuses on the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public policy concerns, including economic development, education, environment and resources, governance, population, public finance, and social and health policy. PPIC is a private operating foundation. It does not take or support positions on any ballot measures or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. PPIC was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. Mark Baldassare is President and CEO of PPIC. Gary K. Hart is Chair of the Board of Directors. Short sections of text, not to exceed three paragraphs, may be quoted without written permission provided that full attribution is given to the source and the copyright notice below is included. Copyright © 201 2 Public Policy Institute of California All rights reserved. San Francisco, CA PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, California 94111 phone : 415.291.4400 fax: 415.291.4401 PPIC SACRAMENTO CENT ER Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, California 95814 phone: 916.440.1120 fax: 916.440.1121 www.ppic.org survey@ppic.org" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:41:25" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(9) "s_1012mbs" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:41:26" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:41:26" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["guid"]=> string(51) "http://148.62.4.17/wp-content/uploads/S_1012MBS.pdf" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_mime_type"]=> string(15) "application/pdf" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" ["status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["attachment_authors"]=> bool(false) }