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object(Timber\Post)#3711 (44) { ["ImageClass"]=> string(12) "Timber\Image" ["PostClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Post" ["TermClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Term" ["object_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["custom"]=> array(5) { ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(12) "S_904MBS.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(7) "1252758" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(90692) "PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY SEPTEMBER 2004 Public Policy Institute of California Californians and Their Government ○○○○○ Mark Baldassare Research Director & Survey Director The Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) is a private operating foundation established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. The Institute is dedicated to improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research. PPIC’s research agenda focuses on three program areas: population, economy, and governance and public finance. Studies within these programs are examining the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public policy concerns, including education, health care, immigration, income distribution, welfare, urban growth, and state and local finance. PPIC was created because three concerned citizens – William R. Hewlett, Roger W. Heyns, and Arjay Miller – recognized the need for linking objective research to the realities of California public policy. Their goal was to help the state’s leaders better understand the intricacies and implications of contemporary issues and make informed public policy decisions when confronted with challenges in the future. PPIC does not take or support positions on any ballot measure or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. David W. Lyon is founding President and Chief Executive Officer of PPIC. Cheryl White Mason is Chair of the Board of Directors. 500 Washington Street, Suite 800 • San Francisco, California 94111 Telephone: (415) 291-4400 • Fax: (415) 291-4401 info@ppic.org • www.ppic.org Preface The PPIC Statewide Survey series provides policymakers, the media, and the general public with objective, advocacy-free information on the perceptions, opinions, and public policy preferences of California residents. Inaugurated in April 1998, the survey series has generated a database that includes the responses of more than 102,000 Californians. The current survey is the eighteenth in our Californians and Their Government series, which is conducted on a periodic basis throughout the state’s election cycles. The series is examining the social, economic, and political trends that underlie public policy preferences and ballot choices. The current survey focuses on the November 2nd statewide election, including the presidential election. It examines voters’ preferences in the presidential election, the U.S. Senate race, and on three state propositions that will also be on the ballot, as well as Californians’ attitudes and perceptions toward state policies and national issues. This report presents the responses of 2,003 adult residents throughout the state on a wide range of issues: • The November 2nd statewide election, including preferences in the presidential election, most important issues for the candidates to address in the presidential debates, perceptions of which of the major party candidates will do a better job in handling issues such as the economy, the situation in Iraq, health care, and terrorism and homeland security; the U.S. Senate election, perceptions of the political profile of U.S. Senate candidates, and public support for, and attitudes related to, Proposition 60 (election rights of political parties), Proposition 62 (primaries initiative), and Proposition 72 (health care coverage requirements referendum). • State policies, including overall approval ratings of Governor Schwarzenegger and the state legislature, ratings of the governor and legislature in representing the best interests of the people, and satisfaction with legislative term limits; support for legislative reforms such as convening a part-time legislature, election reforms such as campaign finance, and citizens’ initiative reforms. • National policies, including overall approval ratings of President Bush and his handling of jobs and the economy; the public’s evaluations of the overall direction of the country and the conditions of the U.S. economy; policy preferences with regard to government regulations and health care as they relate to national attitudes and California trends over time; and attitudes toward the workings of the two-party system and the strengths of the major political parties. • The extent to which Californians may differ in their ballot choices for the November election; political and economic attitudes toward the state; and attitudes toward national political issues by party affiliation, demographics, race/ethnicity, and region of residence. This is the 50th PPIC Statewide Survey, which has included a number of special editions: • The Central Valley (11/99, 3/01, 4/02, 4/03, 4/04) • Population Growth (5/01) • San Diego County (7/02) • Land Use (11/01, 11/02) • Orange County (9/01, 12/02, 12/03) • Environment (6/00, 6/02, 7/03, 7/04) • Los Angeles County (3/03, 3/04) • State Budget (6/03, 1/04, 5/04) Copies of this report may be ordered by e-mail (order@ppic.org) or phone (415-291-4400). Copies of this and earlier reports are posted on the publications page of the PPIC web site (www.ppic.org). For questions about the survey, please contact survey@ppic.org. -i- - ii - Contents Preface Press Release California 2004 Election State Policies National Policies Survey Methodology Survey Questions and Results Survey Advisory Committee i v 1 7 13 19 21 27 - iii - Press Release Para ver este comunicado de prensa en español, por favor visite nuestra página de internet: http://www.ppic.org/main/pressreleaseindex.asp THEY COULD CARE LESS: CALIFORNIANS MORE CONCERNED THAN AMERICANS GENERALLY ABOUT PRESIDENTIAL VOTE Voters See Stark Differences Between Parties, Candidates; Term Limits Still Hot, Proposal for Part-Time Legislature Not SAN FRANCISCO, California, September 23, 2004 — California’s highly partisan voters can agree on one thing: It really matters who wins the presidential election. Despite finding themselves in the minority in recent national polls, state voters see more at stake in the outcome of the election than do voters nationally, according to a new survey released by the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC). Seven in 10 Californians (71%) – and 80 percent of likely state voters – say it really does matter who wins the presidential race when it comes to making progress on the important issues facing the country, compared to 63 percent of Americans who hold this view. Democrats (78%) and Republicans (77%) are equally likely to say the outcome of the election is important, while independents (31%) are slightly more inclined to believe that things will be the same regardless of who is elected. Whites (78%) are far more likely than Latinos (61%) to say it matters who wins on November 2nd. Widespread concern about the outcome of the election is driving high levels of interest in the campaign: Most voters (89%) say they are following presidential election news closely. Why the strong feelings? California voters see big differences in the platforms of the nation’s major political parties: 83 percent believe there are important differences between Democrats and Republicans, including majorities of Democratic (86%), Republican (84%), and independent (77%) likely voters. Overall, voters view Democrats rather than Republicans as more likely to represent the concerns of people like them (58% to 32%) and to bring about the kind of changes the country needs (52% to 37%), while they are divided about which party will do a good job managing the federal government (44% to 43%). Despite the belief that the major parties offer starkly different choices, a significant number of state voters would still like to see the two-party system get an overhaul. While 48 percent of likely voters say the Democratic and Republican parties do an adequate job of representing the American people, an equal number (46%) think they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed. A majority of all independents (62%) believe a third party is required. “California’s independent voters are clearly looking for a more permanent home, and this should create some trepidation among the Democrats and Republicans who currently bank on their votes,” says PPIC Statewide Survey Director Mark Baldassare. “But what’s most surprising is the substantial numbers of Democrats (43%) and Republicans (37%) who believe a third party is needed. Is it the major parties or just the current crop of candidates that these voters find so lacking?” Voters Prefer Kerry on Economy, Bush on Homeland Security Currently, the Democratic ticket of Senators John Kerry and John Edwards holds a 12-point lead over the ticket of Republican President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney (51% to 39%), down from a 16-point spread in August (54% to 38%). Kerry leads Bush among independent voters (54% to 29%) and Latinos (63% to 30%), while the two are locked in a statistical dead heat among white likely voters (47% to 44%). Evangelical Christians favor Bush over Kerry (60% to 30%), while Kerry leads among likely voters with other religious preferences (59% to 32%). Asked which issue they would most like to hear the candidates address during their debates this fall, likely voters name the economy, jobs, and unemployment (30%), followed by the war in Iraq (19%), -v- Press Release health care (12%), and terrorism and national security (8%). California voters currently prefer Kerry to Bush on jobs and the economy (54% to 37%) and health care (57% to 32%). Voters narrowly support Kerry over Bush on Iraq (48% to 44%) and choose Bush over Kerry on homeland security (48% to 43%). Support for Open Primary; Health Insurance Referendum Lags Despite Health Care Worries Proposition 62 – the ballot measure designed to change the state’s partisan primary system to an open primary format – receives support from 49 percent of likely voters, while 33 percent oppose the initiative. Forty-six percent of voters believe Prop. 62 will result in candidates who more effectively represent their districts than do candidates today, while 31 percent disagree. Also up for a vote in November is Proposition 60, placed on the ballot by the legislature as a counter to the open primary initiative and intended to maintain the current partisan primary system. At present, more voters are undecided about this proposition than support or oppose it (42% undecided, 34% support, 24% oppose). Interestingly, a majority of voters (54%) say that the current system of partisan primaries generally produces candidates who effectively represent their districts. Proposition 72 – a referendum on legislation passed last year requiring all large and medium employers in the state to provide health insurance for their employees – remains short of the majority needed to approve the law (45% to 34%) and virtually unchanged since August. Most voters (65%) say Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger’s opposition to the referendum will not sway their vote either way. Despite the lack of support for Proposition 72, health care remains a very real concern for most Californians. Three in four state residents (77%) – and 71 percent of likely voters – say they are at least somewhat concerned about being able to afford necessary health care. A slim majority of Californians (53%) say they would be willing to pay more – either through higher health insurance premiums or higher taxes – to increase the number of Americans who have health insurance. There is also a strong preference for a system of universal, government-administered health care (60%) as opposed to the current system in which most people get their health insurance from private employers (35%). Reform-Minded? Californians Like Some Legislative, Election Reforms but Reject Others Support for Governor Schwarzenegger remains strong, with 61 percent of Californians approving of the way he has handled his job. Ratings for the state legislature are far lower (40% approve, 46% disapprove). One reason for the difference? Nearly half of state residents (46%) say the governor does an excellent or good job working for their best interests, while only 22 percent say the same about the legislature. But despite their hard feelings towards many in government, residents and voters remain choosy – and full of surprises – when it comes to the types of legislative and election reforms they support: • Term Limits: Legislative term limits remain popular, with 61 percent of Californians and 65 percent of likely voters calling them a good thing. However, Californians may be open to some changes: Nearly four in 10 voters (36%) think that expanding the time legislators could serve in office would make them more effective representatives. Twenty-eight percent of voters say such an extension would make legislators less effective and 31 percent see no difference. • Part-Time Legislature: A majority of Californians (53%) and likely voters (54%) say it would be a bad idea to change the status of the California Legislature from full-time to part-time. • Smaller Legislative Districts: State residents are slightly more likely to believe that having a greater number of state legislators serving smaller districts would not result in better representation for their part of the state (49% to 43%). Likely voters also share this view (52% to 40%). • Redistricting: Californians are divided about shifting the power to redraw legislative and congressional district lines from the state legislature to a new independent state commission (39% favor, 40% oppose). Voters are more inclined to support such a proposal (44% favor, 38% oppose). • Publicly Financed Campaigns: Majorities of state residents (57%) and likely voters (54%) are unwilling to spend even a few dollars a year to support public funding for state and legislative campaigns. - vi - Press Release • Initiative Process: Californians prefer that initiatives on the state ballot (37%) – rather than the legislature (31%) or governor (23%) – have the greatest influence over public policy in the state. However, strong majorities of state residents (68%) and likely voters (67%) also believe that the process is in need of at least minor changes. More Key Findings • Boxer maintains lead in Senate race (page 3) Among likely voters, incumbent Senator Barbara Boxer has an 18-point lead over Republican challenger Bill Jones (54% to 36%). Fifty-nine percent of voters consider Boxer very liberal (30%) or somewhat liberal (29%), while 36 percent call Jones very conservative (11%) or somewhat conservative (25%) and 48 percent say they don’t know enough about him to say. • Approval ratings for President Bush remain low (page 13) Fifty-four percent of Californians disapprove and 43 percent approve of how President Bush is handling his job overall, similar to his August ratings (56% disapprove, 40% approve). Approval ratings for the president on the issue of jobs and the economy are also low – with 56 percent saying they disapprove – and are relatively unchanged since one year ago (52% disapprove, 42% approve). • Residents don’t like nation’s direction, but see better economic times ahead (page 14) A majority of Californians (54%) believe the nation is headed in the wrong direction, while 42 percent think it is going in the right direction. However, they are somewhat more optimistic about the nation’s economic future: 47 percent of state residents expect good times during the next year and 41 percent anticipate bad times ahead. These general trends have changed little from one year ago. • More Californians today say regulation of business is necessary (page 15) More Californians today (54%) than four years ago (46%) say that government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest. Forty-two percent think government regulation of business does more harm than good, compared to 49 percent in 2000. • Slight increase in support for new gun laws (page 15) A majority of residents (52%) believe that better enforcement of existing guns laws – rather than new laws or restrictions (39%) – is more likely to decrease gun violence. Support for new gun laws is higher among Latinos than whites (53% to 34%). Overall attitudes have changed slightly since 2000, when 56 percent of state residents advocated better enforcement and 34 percent supported new laws. About the Survey The purpose of the PPIC Statewide Survey is to develop an in-depth profile of the social, economic, and political forces affecting California elections and public policy preferences. Findings of this survey are based on a telephone survey of 2,003 California adult residents interviewed between September 12 and September 19, 2004. Interviews were conducted in English or Spanish. The sampling error for the total sample is +/- 2%. The sampling error for subgroups is larger. For more information, see page 19. Mark Baldassare is research director at PPIC, where he holds the Arjay and Frances Fearing Miller Chair in Public Policy. He is founder of the PPIC Statewide Survey, which he has directed since 1998. His recent book, A California State of Mind: The Conflicted Voter in a Changing World, is available at www.ppic.org. PPIC is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to improving public policy through objective, nonpartisan research on the economic, social, and political issues that affect Californians. The institute was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. PPIC does not take or support positions on any ballot measure or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. This report will appear on PPIC’s website (www.ppic.org) on September 23. ### - vii - Percent 2004 Presidential Race 7 3 51 39 Likely Voters Kerry/Edwards Bush/Cheney Other Don't know Percent who believe that it really matters who wins the 2004 presidential election 100 90 80 71 78 77 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 All Adults Dem Rep Likely Voters Proposition 72: "Health Care Coverage Requirements Referendum" 21 45 34 Likely Voters Yes No Don't know Percent Likely Voters Percent Top Four Issues for Presidential Debates 35 30 30 25 20 19 15 12 10 8 5 0 Economy Iraq Health Care Terrorism Percent who think that things in the U.S. are generally going in the right direction 80 74 70 60 50 42 40 41 30 20 20 10 0 All Adults Dem Rep Likely Voters 2004 U.S. Senate Race 9 1 36 Likely Voters 54 Barbara Boxer Bill Jones Other Don't know California 2004 Election Presidential Election While many national polls reported a significant “Bush bounce” following the Republican National Convention in early September, the Democratic ticket of John Kerry and John Edwards continues to hold a double-digit lead over the Republican ticket of George W. Bush and Dick Cheney in California. Kerry led Bush by an 11-point margin in July (49% to 38%), a 16-point margin in August (54% to 38%), and Kerry now leads by a 12-point margin in September (51% to 39%). Only 7 percent of likely voters are undecided about their choice on November 2nd (the percentage of undecided voters has remained virtually unchanged over the past three months). Kerry draws support from eight in 10 Democrats, and Bush has the support of eight in 10 Republicans; however, Kerry leads Bush by a large margin among independent voters (54% to 29%). Kerry has strong support in the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles, while Bush leads in the Central Valley and Other Southern California by somewhat narrower margins. Kerry’s lead over Bush is large among Latino likely voters (63% to 30%), while the two tickets are in a statistical dead heat among white likely voters (47% Kerry, 44% Bush). Kerry has a larger lead among women (55% to 36%) than among men (48% to 42%). Evangelical Christians favor Bush over Kerry (60% to 30%), while Kerry leads among likely voters with other religious preferences (59% to 32%). “If the November 2nd presidential election were being held today, would you vote for …” Results among likely voters John Kerry and John Edwards George W. Bush and Dick Cheney Other answer (specify) Don't know July 2004 49% 38 7 6 August 2004 September 2004 54% 51% 38 39 23 67 Results among likely voters All Likely Voters Party registration Region Race/Ethnicity Gender Religion Democrat Republican Independent Central Valley SF Bay Area Los Angeles Other Southern California Whites Latinos Male Female Evangelical Christian Other Kerry / Edwards 51% 81 14 54 42 70 58 37 47 63 48 55 30 59 Bush / Cheney 39% 11 80 29 48 19 32 55 44 30 42 36 60 32 -1- Other answer 3% 1 2 5 1 4 2 3 3 1 5 1 3 3 Don't know 7% 7 4 12 9 7 8 5 6 6 5 8 7 6 California 2004 Election Ranking of Candidates on Issues Bush and Kerry plan to face off in a series of presidential debates in September and October. What would California’s likely voters like to hear the candidates talk about during these televised encounters? The top four issues are the economy and jobs (30%), the war in Iraq (19%), health care (12%), and terrorism and security issues (8%). Across the political spectrum, the number one issue is the economy and jobs (36% Democrats; 25% Republicans; 31% independents). The issues of Iraq, health care, and terrorism and security are found in the top tier of issues in all voter groups. Which of the candidates would do a better job on each of these four issues? California voters favor Kerry over Bush on jobs and the economy (54% to 37%) and health care (57% to 32%). More than eight in 10 Democrats support their party’s candidate on these domestic issues, and independent voters also pick Kerry over Bush on jobs and the economy (55% to 34%) and health care (60% to 28%). Republican likely voters lend higher levels of support to their party’s candidate on jobs and the economy (74%) than on health care (64%). Likely voters are more divided when asked who would do a better job on the situation in Iraq and on terrorism and security. Voters narrowly support Kerry over Bush on Iraq (48% to 44%) and favor Bush over Kerry on terrorism and security issues (48% to 43%). Republicans show overwhelming support for the president on the situation in Iraq (81%) and terrorism and security (84%). Independents lean toward Kerry over Bush on the handling of Iraq (49% to 38%) and are evenly split between Bush and Kerry when it comes to terrorism and security issues (44% Bush, 43% Kerry). Large majorities of Democrats favor Kerry when it comes to handling the situation in Iraq (75%) and terrorism and homeland security (69%). “Regardless of your choice for president, which of these candidates would do the better job on each of these issues—George W. Bush or John Kerry?” Results among likely voters Bush The situation in Iraq Kerry Other answer Don't know Bush Health care Kerry Other answer Don't know Bush Kerry Jobs and the economy Other answer Don't know Bush Terrorism and homeland security Kerry Other answer Don't know Likely Voters 44% 48 2 6 32 57 2 9 37 54 2 7 48 43 2 7 Party Registration Democrat Republican Independent 17% 81% 38% 75 11 49 12 5 76 8 9 64 28 85 23 60 12 2 5 11 10 11 74 83 16 34 55 12 4 58 7 22 84 44 69 10 43 11 4 85 9 -2- California 2004 Election U.S. Senate Election In November’s U.S. Senate election, Democratic incumbent Barbara Boxer has an 18-point lead over Republican challenger Bill Jones among likely voters (54% to 36%), while 9 percent of likely voters remain undecided. There has been little change in the level of support for each of the candidates or the percentage of undecided voters. Boxer and Jones enjoy solid support within their political parties, while independents lean toward Boxer (54% to 29%). Boxer is strongly favored in the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles, while Jones registers his highest levels of support in the Central Valley and Other Southern California. Boxer has a wider advantage over Jones among women (58% to 30%) than men (49% to 42%) and among Latinos (68% to 24%) than whites (49% to 40%). Evangelical Christians prefer Jones to Boxer by a wide margin (52% to 33%), while voters of other religious orientations strongly prefer Boxer (61% to 30%). Asked to define the candidates’ politics, 59 percent of California likely voters perceived Boxer as liberal, 19 percent as middle-of-the-road, and 5 percent as conservative (17 percent indicated that they did not know enough to say). In comparison, 36 percent of likely voters viewed Jones as conservative, 13 percent as middle-of-the-road, and 3 percent as liberal; a plurality (48%) said they did not know enough about Jones to identify his political bent. Thirty-five percent of likely voters define their own politics as liberal, 29 percent as middle-of-the-road, and 36 percent as conservative. “If the 2004 U.S. Senate election were being held today, would you vote for …” Results among likely voters Barbara Boxer, the Democrat Bill Jones, the Republican Other answer Don't know July 2004 52% 37 1 10 August 2004 53% 36 1 10 September 2004 54% 36 1 9 Results among likely voters All Likely Voters Party registration Democrat Republican Independent Central Valley Region SF Bay Area Los Angeles Other Southern California Race/Ethnicity Whites Latinos Gender Male Female Religion Evangelical Christian Other Barbara Boxer, the Democrat 54% 84 18 54 42 69 61 Bill Jones, the Republican 36% 8 73 29 49 24 25 Other answer 1% 1 0 0 1 1 1 Don't know 9% 7 9 17 8 6 13 44 45 0 11 49 40 1 10 68 24 0 8 49 42 1 8 58 30 0 12 33 52 1 14 61 30 0 9 - 3 - September 2004 California 2004 Election State Proposition 60 Proposition 60 is the “Election Rights of Political Parties Legislative Constitutional Amendment.” It was placed on the November ballot by the state legislature as a competing measure to Proposition 62, a citizens’ initiative that would change the state’s primary election process from a closed, partisan system to an open, nonpartisan system. Proposition 60 would mirror the current system, in which the top primary vote-getter from each party is ensured a place on the general election ballot. If voters approve both Propositions 60 and 62, the one that receives the most votes will become law. When read the official ballot title and summary for Proposition 60, a large proportion of likely voters (42%) say they do not know how they would vote if the election were held today. At this stage in the campaign, 34 percent say they would vote yes and 24 percent say they would vote no. Support for Proposition 60 is well below 50 percent among Democrat, Republican, and independent likely voters, and it likewise falls far short of majority support in all regions of the state. Although support for Proposition 60 is higher among Latino likely voters than among whites (46% to 31%), support for the proposition comes in well below 50 percent among both men and women and across age, education, and income groups. “Proposition 60 on the November ballot is the “Election Rights of Political Parties Legislative Constitutional Amendment.” ... If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 60?” ∗ Results among likely voters Yes No Don't know Likely Voters 34% 24 42 Party Registration Region Dem 35% 23 42 Rep 29% 27 44 Central Ind Valley 41% 27% 20 33 39 40 SF Bay Area 31% 21 48 Los Angeles 39% 24 37 Other Southern California 35% 23 42 Latinos 46% 25 29 One of the factors that may help voters make up their minds on Propositions 60 and 62 is their perception of the current primary system. A majority of voters (54%) say that the state’s partisan primaries generally produce candidates who effectively represent their districts, while 34 percent say that they are not effectively represented under the current system and 12 percent are undecided. Majorities of Democrats (57%), Republicans (55%), and whites (53%) and Latinos (61%) say that the current partisan system produces effective representatives for their districts. While independent voters are more evenly divided in their perceptions of the partisan primaries, a bare majority of them say that the current system produces effective representatives (50% to 39%). There are no significant differences across age and income groups. Overall, there does not seem to be widespread dissatisfaction with the partisan primary system at this stage of the election cycle. “Do you think California's current system of partisan primaries generally produces candidates who effectively represent their districts?” Yes, produces effective representatives No, does not produce effective representatives Don't know Likely Voters 54% 34 12 ∗ For complete question wording, see Question 13 in the Survey Questionnaire, page 22. -4- California 2004 Election State Proposition 62 Proposition 62 on the November ballot is the “Elections, Primaries Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute.” This “open primary” reform, which qualified as a citizens’ initiative, would change the current closed, partisan primary system—it would require primary elections in which voters may vote for any state or federal candidate regardless of the voter’s or candidate’s party registration. The two primary election candidates receiving the most votes for an office—whether they are candidates with no party affiliation or members of the same or of different parties—would be listed on the general election ballot. As previously noted, the legislature placed Proposition 60 on the ballot to counter this effort. Should both Proposition 60 and 62 pass by majority vote, the ballot measure that receives more votes would become state law. When voters are read the official ballot label and summary of this initiative, 49 percent of likely voters say they would vote yes and 33 percent say they would vote no; only 18 percent are undecided. Thus, compared to the response to Proposition 60, Proposition 62 has more supporters, more opponents, and fewer undecided voters. Currently, there are higher levels of support for Proposition 62 among Democrats (49% to 32%) and independents (58% to 29%) than among Republicans (46% to 36%). Support for Proposition 62 declines with age; however, support is similar across income groups. “Proposition 62 on the November ballot is the “Elections, Primaries Initiative Constitutional Amendment.” ... If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 62?” ∗ Results among likely voters Yes No Don't know Likely Voters 49% 33 18 Party Registration Dem 49% 32 19 Rep 46% 36 18 Central Ind Valley 58% 50% 29 36 13 14 Region SF Bay Los Area Angeles Other Southern California Latinos 50% 46% 53% 53% 32 34 31 33 18 20 16 14 Do voters think that Proposition 62 would make a positive difference in the primary election process? Residents throughout the state were asked if the passage of Proposition 62 would result in candidates who would more effectively represent their districts than candidates do today. While 46 percent of likely voters said that the proposition would offer them candidates more effective in their representation, 31 percent believed that the measure would not lead to better representation, and 23 percent were unsure. The belief that Proposition 62 would improve representation declines somewhat with age and household income. Latino likely voters (58%) are more likely than white likely voters (43%) to believe that Proposition 62 would lead to more effective representation. “If Proposition 62 passes, do you think California would generally have candidates who more effectively represent their districts than candidates today?” Yes No Don't know Likely Voters 46% 31 23 ∗ For complete question wording, see Question 15 in the Survey Questionnaire, page 22. -5- September 2004 California 2004 Election State Proposition 72 The percentage of Californians who support Proposition 72—a referendum on legislation passed last year requiring all large and medium employers in the state to provide health insurance for their employees—remains below the 50 percent majority needed to approve the measure. We have seen no change in support or opposition to Proposition 72 among likely voters since the August Statewide Survey. Forty-five percent of likely voters plan to vote yes on the measure, while 34 percent are opposed and 21 percent remain undecided. Among likely voters, a majority of Democrats (55%) and about half of independents (49%) favor the proposition, while a plurality of Republicans oppose it (48%). A majority in the San Francisco Bay Area (51%) support the measure, but support falls below 50 percent in the rest of the state. Support is higher among Latino likely voters than among white likely voters (53% to 42%). Support declines with age and household income but is not strongly related to either gender or education at this stage of the campaign. Immediately before this survey began, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger announced that he planned to oppose Proposition 72 and endorse a “no” vote on the measure. Does the governor’s stand on this referendum affect voter choices? Sixty-five percent of likely voters say that the governor’s opposition to Proposition 72 will not affect their vote, while 14 percent say that it will make them more likely to oppose the measure and 16 percent say that it will make them more likely to support it. One in four Republicans say that the governor’s stand on the issue makes them more likely to oppose it, while one in five Democrats say that if the governor is endorsing a “no” vote, they are more likely to favor the measure. Seventy-three percent of independent likely voters say that the governor’s opposition to this referendum makes no difference to them, while 10 percent say that it will make them more likely to oppose the measure and 13 percent say that it will incline them to support it. “Proposition 72 on the November ballot is the “Health Care Coverage Requirements Referendum.” ... If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 72?” ∗ Results among likely voters Yes No Don't know August 2004 45% 34 21 September 2004 45% 34 21 Results among likely voters Likely Voters Yes No Don't know 45% 34 21 Party Registration Region Dem 55% 23 22 Rep 29% 48 23 Central Ind Valley 49% 43% 34 37 17 20 SF Bay Los Area Angeles 51% 48% 26 30 23 22 Other Southern California 39% 41 20 Latinos 53% 29 18 ∗ For complete question wording, see Question 17 in the Survey Questionnaire, page 23. -6- State Policies Governor’s Approval Ratings Roughly six in 10 California adults (61%) and likely voters (64%) approve of the job Arnold Schwarzenegger is doing as governor of California. Schwarzenegger’s approval ratings have been in this range throughout his first year in office—and both before and after his appearance at the Republican National Convention in early September. The governor continues to have the overwhelming support of Republicans (88%) and a majority of independents (63%). Democrats are more evenly divided (47% approve; 44% disapprove). Nearly seven in 10 residents in the Central Valley (66%) and Other Southern California (69%) regions approve of the governor, as do more narrow majorities of residents in Los Angeles (54%) and the San Francisco Bay Area (52%). Although 71 percent of whites approve of Schwarzenegger’s job performance, 51 percent of Latinos disapprove (42% approve). “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling his job as governor of California?” Approve Disapprove Don't know Party Registration All Adults 61% 31 8 Dem 47% 44 9 Rep 88% 8 4 Ind 63% 27 10 Central Valley 66% 26 8 Region SF Bay Area 52% 38 10 Los Angeles 54% 37 9 Other Southern California 69% 24 7 Likely Voters 64% 28 8 Beyond overall job performance, how does the public rate Governor Schwarzenegger when it comes to working for their best interests? About half of all California adults (46%) and likely voters (48%) rate the governor as excellent or good on this dimension. Three in 10 residents think the governor is doing a fair job in this regard, and two in 10 think he is doing a poor job. Again, there is a large partisan divide: Seventy-three percent of Republicans think Schwarzenegger is doing an excellent or good job working for their interests, compared to only 45 percent of independents and 29 percent of Democrats. While 56 percent of whites give the governor excellent or good ratings, only 27 percent of Latinos rate Schwarzenegger that highly when it comes to working for their best interests. “How would you rate Governor Schwarzenegger when it comes to working for the best interests of people like you?” All Adults Excellent Good Fair Poor Don't know 13% 33 31 21 2 Party Registration Region Dem 4% 25 38 31 2 Rep 27% 46 20 5 2 Central Ind Valley 9% 14% 36 35 32 27 19 22 42 SF Bay Los Area Angeles 8% 9% 28 29 36 34 25 26 32 Other Southern California 18% 36 29 14 3 Likely Voters 15% 33 31 19 2 -7- State Policies Approval Ratings for State Legislators The legislature gets much lower ratings than the governor: Forty percent of Californians approve and 46 percent disapprove of the way the state legislature is handling its job. Among the state’s likely voters, 37 percent approve and 51 percent disapprove. Although Democrats control the legislature, there is virtually no partisan difference in ratings: Similar percentages of Democrats (41%), Republicans (38%), and independents (39%) approve of the job the legislature is doing. Approval also differs very little among liberals (43%), moderates (42%), and conservatives (37%). Forty-five percent of Latinos and 38 percent of whites give the legislature high marks. Nearly half of California adults ages 18 to 34 (47%) approve of the legislature, compared to only 32 percent of those age 55 and older. Californians’ overall approval of the state legislature has remained largely unchanged during 2004, but it is significantly higher today than it was leading up to last year’s recall election (28% in August 2003). “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California legislature is handling its job?” Approve Disapprove Don't know All Adults 40% 46 14 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind Likely Voters 41% 38% 39% 37% 46 52 46 51 13 10 15 12 How does the public rate the state legislature when it comes to working for their best interests? Californians give the legislature considerably lower marks than they give the governor. Twenty-two percent of Californians think that the legislature as a whole is doing an excellent (3%) or good (19%) job working for the best interests of people like themselves. Democrats (24%), Republicans (20%), and independents (20%) all give the legislature lower ratings than they give the governor for doing an excellent or good job on this dimension. Californians who describe themselves as liberal (23%), moderate (23%), and conservative (22%) are all about as likely to rate the state legislature as excellent or good in terms of working for the best interests of people like themselves. Latinos are somewhat more likely than whites to say that the legislature deserves excellent or good ratings in this domain (27% to 21%). “How would you rate the California legislature when it comes to working for the best interests of people like you?” Excellent Good Fair Poor Don't know All Adults 3% 19 43 31 4 Party Registration Dem 3% 21 45 28 3 Rep 2% 18 38 38 4 Ind 2% 18 41 34 5 Likely Voters 1% 19 41 36 3 -8- State Policies Legislative Term Limits Legislative term limits, enacted by a citizens’ initiative in 1990, remain popular. Sixty-one percent of Californians think that legislative term limits are a good thing; only 17 percent think they are bad, and 18 percent think they don’t make a difference. Republicans (75%) are more likely than Democrats (57%) and independents (59%) to say that legislative term limits are a good thing, but majorities of Californians of all political affiliations are positive about these limits. In October 1998, two years after the first state legislators were termed out of office, 68 percent of likely voters thought that term limits were a good thing for the state. In December 2001, reflecting general pro-government attitudes following the September 11th terrorist attacks, support for term limits dropped to 49 percent. Today, as 26 state legislators conclude their terms at the end of the year, approval of term limits among likely voters has risen to 65 percent. “The California legislature has operated under term limits since 1990, meaning that members of the state senate and state assembly are limited in the number of terms they can hold their elected office. Do you think that term limits are a good thing or a bad thing for California, or do they make no difference?” Good thing Bad thing No difference Don't know All Adults 61% 17 18 4 Party Registration Dem 57% 23 16 4 Rep 75% 11 12 2 Ind 59% 19 19 3 Likely Voters 65% 20 12 3 Given the popularity of term limits, do Californians think there would be any virtue in allowing legislators to serve up to four years beyond the current term limits (three two-year terms for the state assembly and two four-year terms for the state senate). Nearly four in 10 adult residents (35%) and likely voters (36%) think more time would make legislators more effective representatives. However, 25 percent of Californians think it would make legislators less effective, and one-third say it would make no difference in how well their areas are represented in the legislature. Democrats (41%) are somewhat more likely than independents (34%) and Republicans (29%) to think that extended terms would make legislators more effective representatives. Across the ideological spectrum, 44 percent of liberals, 33 percent of moderates, and 29 percent of conservatives say their areas would be more effectively represented if their state legislators could serve up to four additional years beyond the current limits. “What if your state legislators were allowed to serve up to four years beyond the current term limits of three two-year terms in the state assembly and two four-year terms in the state senate? Do you think they would be more effective or less effective in representing your area, or would there be no difference?” More effective Less effective No difference Don't know All Adults 35% 25 34 6 Party Registration Dem 41% 21 33 5 Rep 29% 34 31 6 Ind 34% 25 35 6 Likely Voters 36% 28 31 5 - 9 - September 2004 State Policies Legislative Reforms One of the initiatives in preparation for statewide circulation is a measure to shift the California legislature from full-time to part-time status. A majority of Californians (53%) say this would be a bad thing, about one in four (22%) say it would be a good thing, and about one in six (17%) say it would make no difference. Democrats (63%) are more likely than Republicans (47%) and independents (47%) to say this change would be bad. Solid majorities in the San Francisco Bay Area (57%) and Other Southern California (54%) regions, and about half of the residents in Los Angeles (51%) and the Central Valley (49%), believe that changing the legislature to part-time status would be a bad thing. Across the state’s demographic and racial/ethnic groups, majorities share a negative opinion about this legislative reform proposal. The belief that having the legislature work part-time is a bad thing increases with education and income. Fifty-nine percent of those who approve of the way the legislature is handling its job say that changing the legislature’s status to part-time would be a bad thing, as do 47 percent of those who disapprove of the legislature’s job performance. “There is a proposal to change the California legislature from full-time to part-time status. Do you think that having a part-time legislature would be a good thing or a bad thing for California, or would it make no difference?” Good thing Bad thing No difference Don't know All Adults 22% 53 17 8 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 14% 30% 27% 63 47 47 16 15 18 7 88 Likely Voters 24% 54 14 8 Does a state of nearly 36 million people, with 40 state senators and 80 members of the state assembly, need more districts? Californians are divided when asked if having more representatives serving smaller districts would result in better representation for their areas. Forty-three percent of Californians think a larger legislature would better represent their areas, while 49 percent say that it would not make a difference. Democrats (45%) are more likely than Republicans (37%) and independents (39%) to say this change would make their areas better represented in Sacramento. Whites are more likely than Latinos to say more representatives would be inconsequential (53% to 38%), and the belief that it would not matter increases with age, education, and income. Those who approve and those who disapprove of the way the legislature is handling its job today are nearly equally likely to say that more representatives serving smaller districts would make no difference. “Currently, 40 state senators and 80 assembly members represent the people of California in the state legislature. Overall, do you think people in your area would be better represented in the state legislature if there were more representatives serving smaller districts, or would it not make a difference?” Area would be better represented Would not make a difference Other (specify) Don't know All Adults 43% 49 2 6 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 45% 37% 39% 48 55 53 223 565 Likely Voters 40% 52 2 6 - 10 - State Policies Electoral Reforms There have been proposals to change the way that legislative districts are drawn, largely in response to concerns that the involvement of the state’s elected officials makes the redistricting process too political. Californians are closely divided on the issue of taking the power to redraw districts away from the state legislature and transferring it to a new, independent state commission. Thirty-nine percent of California residents favor the proposal, 40 percent oppose it, and one in five residents are undecided. Likely voters support the idea of creating an independent commission to redraw district lines by a slight margin (44% favor, 38% oppose). Whites are more likely than Latinos to support the change (41% to 36%). Across demographic groups, support increases with education and household income; there are no significant differences by age. Voters’ evaluations of the legislature play a role in support for this election reform. Among those who disapprove of the legislature’s overall performance at this time, 44 percent favor the idea of shifting the responsibility of drawing district lines to an independent commission; among those who approve of the legislature’s performance, support drops to 37 percent. “Would you favor or oppose taking the power to redraw legislative and congressional district lines from the state legislature and shifting this responsibility to a new, independent state commission?” Favor Oppose Don't know All Adults 39% 40 21 Party Registration Dem 41% 41 18 Rep 38% 41 21 Ind 48% 34 18 Likely Voters 44% 38 18 Californians often complain about the effects of political fundraising on candidates and elected officeholders, but are they willing to pay for publicly financed campaigns? Many state residents are not willing to spend even a few dollars a year for publicly funded state and legislative campaigns (57% opposed, 35% in favor). The response was similarly negative when we first asked this question in August 2000 (57% opposed, 38% in favor). In the wake of the November 2002 gubernatorial election, the response to public financing was more positive (50% in favor, 46% opposed). However, a year ago, prior to the recall election, a majority of Californians once again opposed this idea (53% opposed, 41% in favor). Today, Democrats (45%) are much more supportive than Republicans (24%) of public financing for political campaigns. Overall, majorities across racial/ethnic groups and demographic groups oppose having this type of system. Across regions, opposition is stronger in Other Southern California (64%) than in the Central Valley (56%), Los Angeles (55%), and the San Francisco Bay Area (47%). “Generally speaking, would you favor or oppose having a system of public funding for state and legislative campaigns in California if it cost taxpayers a few dollars a year to run?” Favor Oppose Don't know All Adults 35% 57 8 Party Registration Dem 45% 48 7 Rep 24% 68 8 Ind 38% 55 7 Likely Voters 39% 54 7 - 11 - September 2004 State Policies Initiative Reforms Who or what would Californians prefer to have the most influence over state public policy? Their first preference is initiatives on the state ballot (37%). Then, despite the governor’s much higher approval ratings, three in 10 (31%) name the legislature, and one in four (23%) name the governor. Preferences are similar among likely voters (38% for initiatives; 35% for the legislature; 20% for the governor). The responses were similar among all adults in a December 1999 survey (42% initiatives; 30% legislature; 21% governor). Today, Democratic and independent voters are about equally likely to prefer that the legislature and initiatives on the state ballot have the most influence over public policy, while Republicans much prefer initiatives (38%) over the legislature (22%). In the San Francisco Bay Area, a plurality of residents (41%) would prefer the legislature to have the most influence over public policy, compared to pluralities of residents elsewhere in the state who would prefer initiatives on the ballot to have the most influence over public policy. Latinos and whites are equally likely to say they prefer initiatives (both 37%). “In California state government today, which of the following would you prefer to have the most influence over public policy?” Initiatives on the state ballot The legislature The governor Other answer Don't know All Adults 37% 31 23 1 8 Party Registration Dem 36% 38 18 0 8 Rep 38% 22 31 2 7 Ind 36% 34 21 0 9 Likely Voters 38% 35 20 1 6 Although Californians express a preference for ballot box policymaking, nearly seven in 10 residents say that changes are needed in the California initiative process, and only one in five considers the current system just fine the way it is. Thirty-five percent would like to see major changes, and 33 percent believe only minor changes are needed. Democrats (75%) and independents (68%) are more likely than Republicans (62%), and Latinos (76%) are more likely than whites (64%), to say the initiative process is in need of change. Even among those who believe initiatives should have the most influence on public policy, two-thirds think the process needs major or minor changes. In October 2000, a similar 32 percent of Californians said that major changes were needed, while 43 percent called for minor changes in the initiative process. “Do you think the citizens' initiative process in California is in need of major changes or minor changes or that it is basically fine the way it is at this time?” Major changes Minor changes Fine the way it is Don't know All Adults 35% 33 21 11 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 38% 28% 36% 37 34 32 16 28 22 9 10 10 Likely Voters 33% 34 23 10 - 12 - National Policies President’s Ratings In California, President Bush’s overall job approval ratings have changed very little since the GOP convention. Today, 43 percent of all California adults approve of the way Bush is handling his job as president, while 54 percent disapprove. In the August Statewide Survey, 40 percent approved and 56 percent disapproved. Today’s ratings represent a considerable drop from the September 2003 survey, in which 51 percent approved of Bush’s performance, and an even greater decline since the September 2002 survey, when 64 percent approved of the way he was handling his job. In a recent CBS News/New York Times poll, 50 percent of all Americans approved of the president’s job performance and 42 percent disapproved. The partisan divide is dramatic: Eighty percent of Republicans approve and 80 percent of Democrats disapprove of Bush’s performance. However, he has gained some ground among independent voters. In the August survey, only 30 percent of independents approved of his performance. Today, 40 percent approve, but 58 percent disapprove. Likely voters’ views are similar to those of all adults (43% approve; 55% disapprove). Regionally, the president draws much higher approval ratings in the Central Valley (54%) and Other Southern California (57%) than in the San Francisco Bay Area (27%) or Los Angeles (34%). Whites (48%) are more likely than Latinos (40%) to approve of Bush’s job performance. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that George W. Bush is handling his job as president of the United States?” Approve Disapprove Don't know All Adults 43% 54 3 Party Registration Dem 18% 80 2 Rep 80% 18 2 Central Ind Valley 40% 54% 58 42 24 Region SF Bay Los Area Angeles 27% 34% 70 63 33 Other Southern California 57% 40 3 Likely Voters 43% 55 2 How do Californians rate the president on the number-one campaign issue—jobs and the economy? About the same as his overall job performance—56 percent of all adults and 58 percent of likely voters disapprove of his record on the economy. Regionally, disapproval is highest in the San Francisco Bay Area (73%) and Los Angeles (64%), but significant percentages in the Central Valley (47%) and Other Southern California (44%) also disapprove. About half of Latinos (56%) and whites (53%) disapprove of the president’s performance on economic issues. Economic performance ratings were similar in the September 2003 survey, when 52 percent disapproved and 42 percent approved of Bush’s handling of the economy. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that President Bush is handling the issue of jobs and the economy?” Approve Disapprove Don't know All Adults 39% 56 5 Party Registration Dem 16% 81 3 Rep 71% 24 5 Central Ind Valley 37% 47% 60 47 36 Region Other SF Bay Los Southern Area Angeles California 23% 31% 53% 73 64 44 45 3 Likely Voters 39% 58 3 - 13 - National Policies Overall Direction As the November presidential election draws near, more Californians (54%) believe that, in general, the nation is headed in the wrong direction than in the right direction (42%). Likely voters have similar views (56% wrong direction, 41% right direction). For all Californians, the outlook is about the same as in September 2003 (42% right direction, 51% wrong direction). Again, there is a sharp partisan divide: Seventy-four percent of Republicans say the country is headed in the right direction, and 77 percent of Democrats say it is headed in the wrong direction. Independents lean toward a negative assessment (57% wrong direction, 39% right direction). There is also a regional divide: A majority of residents in the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles think things are going in the wrong direction; a majority in the Central Valley and Other Southern California think they are going in the right direction. Californians are more positive about the state of the state (47% right direction, 40% wrong direction) than about the state of the nation (54% wrong direction, 42% right direction). “Do you think that things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?” Right direction Wrong direction Don't know All Adults 42% 54 4 Party Registration Dem 20% 77 3 Rep 74% 22 4 Central Ind Valley 39% 52% 57 44 44 Region SF Bay Los Area Angeles Other Southern California 28% 33% 53% 69 62 42 35 5 Likely Voters 41% 56 3 When asked about the nation’s economic future, Californians are somewhat more optimistic: Fortyseven percent expect good fiscal times in the next year; 41 percent see bad times ahead. Expectations are almost unchanged from the September 2003 survey, when 47 percent anticipated good economic times and 42 percent thought that the economy would not do well. Along partisan lines, a majority of Republicans (73%) and a near majority of independents (47%) think that good times lie ahead. In contrast, a majority of Democrats (55%) see bad economic times coming in the next year. San Francisco Bay Area residents have the most negative economic outlook across the state’s regions. Californians have similar expectations for the national (47% good times, 41% bad times) and the state economies (46% good times, 40% bad times). “Turning to economic conditions, do you think that during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially or bad times?” Good times Bad times Don't know All Adults 47% 41 12 Party Registration Dem 31% 55 14 Rep 73% 19 8 Central Ind Valley 47% 41 51% 38 12 11 Region SF Bay Los Area Angeles 35% 51 41% 46 14 13 Other Southern California 59% 31 10 Likely Voters 47% 41 12 - 14 - National Policies Government Regulations Over the last four years, Californians have become more convinced of the need for government regulation of business. Today, they are more likely to say that government is necessary to protect the public interest (54%) than that government regulation of business does more harm than good (42%). In the February 2000 survey, during the 2000 presidential campaign, state residents were somewhat more likely to think that regulations do more harm than good (49%) and less likely to say government regulation is necessary (46%). Although still large, the partisan gap in attitudes toward regulating business is actually slightly smaller now than in 2000. Today, there is a 19-point gap: Sixty-one percent of Democrats believe government regulation is necessary to protect the public interest, compared to 42 percent of Republicans. In 2000, there was a 25-point gap between Democrats and Republicans on the necessity of government regulations (56% to 31%). In 2000, 47 percent of independents thought government regulation of business was necessary to protect the public interest; today, six in 10 independents feel this way. “Which statement comes closest to your views:” Government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest Government regulation of business does more harm than good Don't know February September 2000 2004 46% 54% 49 42 54 Government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest Government regulation of business does more harm than good Don't know All Adults 54% 42 4 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 61% 42% 59% 35 53 37 454 Likely Voters 54% 42 4 In the matter of government regulations on guns, there has been a slight change in attitudes over the last four years in the direction of support for passing more laws. When it comes to decreasing gun violence, 52 percent of residents now say that better enforcement of existing gun laws is the answer; 39 percent opt for passing more laws and restrictions on obtaining new guns. In the September 2000 survey, just before the presidential election, 56 percent were for better enforcement, 34 percent for more laws. Democrats are more supportive of new gun laws than Republicans. On this issue, the partisan divide has narrowed somewhat—15 points today (44% Democrats, 29% Republicans) compared to 20 points in 2000 (41% Democrats, 21% Republicans). There has been no change in opinion across other voter groups. Support for new gun laws is higher among Latinos than whites (53% to 34%). - 15 - September 2004 National Policies Health Care Health care was identified in the August Statewide Survey as one of the top issues of the 2004 presidential campaign, and the current survey indicates that health care is one of the top four issues voters want to hear the candidates talk about during the presidential debates. National polls have also placed health care on the list of top concerns. Why is health care such a major issue this year? Half of California adults (57%) and likely voters (49%) say that they are very concerned about affording necessary health care when a family member gets sick. However, there are partisan and racial/ethnic differences: Democrats are more likely than Republicans (65% to 39%) and Latinos are more likely than whites (73% to 46%) to say they are very concerned about health care affordability. Concern is also high among lower income, less educated, and foreign-born residents. What type of health insurance system is preferred? Six in 10 Californians say they favor a universal health insurance program—in which everyone is covered under a program like Medicare that’s run by the government and financed by taxpayers—rather than the current health insurance system in the United States. Republicans prefer the current health insurance system, while Democrats and independents would rather have a universal health insurance program. A national survey by ABC News/Washington Post in 2003 found similar results (62% universal health insurance, 32% current health insurance system). “Which would you prefer: the current health insurance system in the United States, in which most people get their health insurance from private employers but some people have no insurance, or a universal health insurance program, in which everyone is covered under a program like Medicare that’s run by the government and financed by taxpayers?” Universal health insurance system Current system Don't know All Adults 60% 35 5 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 72% 37% 59% 24 58 35 456 Likely Voters 54% 40 6 Would Californians be willing to pay more—either in higher taxes or health insurance premiums—to increase the number of Americans who have health insurance? Fifty-three percent say yes; 42 percent say no. On this question, the California results are similar to the results of a national survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation in February 2003 (52% willing to pay, 42% not willing to pay). Willingness to pay more varies by partisanship (65% Democrats, 60% independents, 39% Republicans) and race/ethnicity (56% white, 47% Latino). It declines with age and citizenship status and increases with higher education and higher income levels. “Would you be willing to pay more—either in higher health insurance premiums or higher taxes—in order to increase the number of Americans who have health insurance, or not?” Yes, willing to pay more No, not willing to pay more Don't know All Adults 53% 42 5 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 65% 39% 60% 31 55 37 463 Likely Voters 55% 40 5 - 16 - National Policies Measures of Political Intensity Californians continue to be highly engaged in the 2004 presidential election: Seventy-six percent of all adults and 89 percent of likely voters are either very closely or fairly closely following the news about the candidates. Democrats (45%) and Republicans (44%) are equally likely to say they are following the very news closely. About half of college graduates, residents with incomes of $80,000 or more, residents age 55 and older, and whites are very closely following news about candidates. Californians are more likely than Americans generally to believe it really matters who wins the 2004 presidential election. In this survey, 71 percent of Californians express that belief, while 26 percent believe that things will be pretty much the same no matter who wins. In a Pew Research Center survey in July 2004, 63 percent of Americans said it really matters who wins, while 32 percent said that things will pretty much be the same whatever the outcome. Eight in 10 likely voters stress the importance of who wins for making progress on important issues, and Democrats and Republicans are about equally likely to hold this view. Although independents are more likely to say that things will be the same despite the outcome, a large majority (65%) believe that it matters who wins. Whites (78%) are more likely than Latinos (61%) to say the outcome matters. “As far as making progress on the important issues facing the country is concerned, does it really matter who wins the 2004 presidential election, or will things pretty much be the same regardless of who is elected president?” Really matters who win Things will be the same regardless Other answer Don't know All Adults 71% 26 1 2 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 78% 77% 65% 19 21 31 101 223 Likely Voters 80% 17 1 2 A similar 75 percent of Californians believe there are important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for, while only 21 percent believe there are no important differences. Even independent voters are much more likely than not to believe there are important differences between the major parties (66% to 29%). More than eight in 10 likely voters, Democrats, and Republicans believe there are big distinctions between the major political parties. The perception of major differences between the parties is nearly identical among evangelical Christians and others (76% to 75%). “Do you think there are any important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for?” Yes, important differences No, no important differences Don't know All Adults 75% 21 4 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 82% 80% 66% 16 17 29 235 Likely Voters 83% 16 1 - 17 - September 2004 National Policies Perceptions of Major Political Parties Given that Californians think there are important differences between the Democrats and Republicans, which party do they think is more effective? Californians choose Democrats over Republicans when it comes to bringing about changes the country needs (51% to 36%) and being concerned with the needs of people like themselves (57% to 30%). In these areas, independents give Democrats higher points. When asked who can best manage the federal government, Californians are divided (42% Republicans, 42% Democrats). In this case, independents give Republicans the nod (44% to 36%). “Which party do you think is better described by the phrase ...” Republican Party “Can bring about the kind of changes the country needs” Democratic Party Both equally Neither Don't know Republican Party “Is concerned with the needs of people like me” Democratic Party Both equally Neither Don't know Republican Party “Able to manage the federal government well” Democratic Party Both equally Neither Don't know All Adults 36% 51 3 6 4 30 57 3 5 5 42 42 2 8 6 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 11% 74% 32% 82 16 48 133 3 5 10 327 7 65 28 87 24 56 232 268 226 19 77 44 72 11 36 224 5 8 11 225 Likely Voters 37% 52 2 6 3 32 58 2 6 2 43 44 2 8 3 Do the two major political parties do an adequate job of representing the American people or is a third party needed? Californians are evenly divided (48% adequate job, 46% third party needed). Republicans are the most likely to say that the major parties are doing an adequate job, Democrats give a mixed assessment, and most independents think that a third party is needed. A national Gallup Poll in 2003 found a much more positive view of the major parties among all Americans (56% adequate job, 40% third party needed). “In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed?” All Adults Adequate job Third party is needed Don't know 48% 46 6 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 51% 58% 34% 43 37 62 654 Likely Voters 48% 46 6 - 18 - Survey Methodology The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, research director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with assistance in research and writing from Jon Cohen, associate survey director; Renatta DeFever and Kristy Michaud, survey research associates; and Kimberly Curry, survey intern. The findings of this survey are based on a telephone survey of 2,003 California adult residents interviewed between September 12 and September 19, 2004. Interviewing took place on weekday nights and weekend days, using a computer-generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted telephone numbers were called. All telephone exchanges in California were eligible for calling. Telephone numbers in the survey sample were called up to ten times to increase the likelihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing by using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Each interview took an average of 20 minutes to complete. Interviewing was conducted in English or Spanish. Casa Hispana translated the survey into Spanish, and Schulman, Ronca & Bucuvalas, Inc. conducted the telephone interviewing. We used recent U.S. Census and state figures to compare the demographic characteristics of the survey sample with characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the census and state figures. The survey data in this report were statistically weighted to account for any demographic differences. The sampling error for the total sample of 2,003 adults is +/- 2 percent at the 95 percent confidence level. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 2 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California were interviewed. The sampling error for subgroups is larger. The sampling error for the 1,636 registered voters is +/- 2.5 percent, and the sampling error for the 1,151 likely voters is +/- 3 percent. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. Throughout the report, we refer to four geographic regions. “Central Valley” includes Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “SF Bay Area” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, and “Other Southern California” includes the mostly suburban regions of Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties. These four regions are the major population centers of the state, accounting for approximately 90 percent of the state population. We present specific results for Latinos because they account for about 28 percent of the state’s adult population and constitute one of the fastest growing voter groups. The sample sizes for the African American and Asian subgroups are not large enough for separate statistical analysis. We do contrast the opinions of registered Democrats, Republicans, and independents. The “independents” category includes only those who are registered to vote as “decline to state.” In some cases, we compare PPIC Statewide Survey responses to responses recorded in national surveys conducted by ABC News/Washington Post, CBS News/New York Times, the Pew Research Center, Fox News/Opinion Dynamics, the Gallup Organization, the National Election Studies (NES), and the Kaiser Family Foundation. We use earlier PPIC Statewide Surveys to analyze trends over time in California. - 19 - PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY: CALIFORNIANS AND THEIR GOVERNMENT SEPTEMBER 12—SEPTEMBER 19, 2004 2,003 CALIFORNIA ADULT RESIDENTS; ENGLISH AND SPANISH MARGIN OF ERROR +/-2% AT 95% CONFIDENCE LEVEL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE 1. Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 47% right direction 40 wrong direction 13 don't know 2. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? 46% good times 40 bad times 14 don't know [Responses recorded for questions 3 through 19 are from likely voters only. All other responses are from all adults, except where noted.] 3. If the November 2nd presidential election were being held today, would you vote for: [rotate] the Republican ticket of George W. Bush and Dick Cheney [or] the Democratic ticket of John Kerry and John Edwards? 51% John Kerry and John Edwards 39 George W. Bush and Dick Cheney 3 other answer [specify] 7 don't know 4. How closely are you following news about candidates for the upcoming presidential election—very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely? 50% very closely 39 fairly closely 8 not too closely 3 not at all closely 5. There will be a series of presidential debates leading up to the November 2nd election. Which one issue would you most like to hear the presidential candidates talk about during the presidential debates? [code, don’t read] 30% economy, jobs, unemployment 19 Iraq situation, war in Iraq 12 health care, health costs 8 terrorism, security issues 5 education, schools 4 immigration, illegal immigration 4 federal budget, deficit, taxes 2 foreign policy in general 2 crime, gangs 1 energy, oil/gasoline prices 1 environment, pollution 8 other (specify) 4 don’t know 5a. Is there another issue that you want to hear about almost as much? [code, don’t read] 22% economy, jobs, unemployment 20 Iraq situation, war in Iraq 16 health care, health costs 8 education, schools 7 terrorism, security issues 5 federal budget, deficit, taxes 3 foreign policy in general 3 immigration, illegal immigration 3 social security 2 environment, pollution 2 gay rights, gay marriages 1 abortion 1 guns, gun control 1 energy, oil/gasoline prices 1 government regulations 1 housing costs/availability 1 moral and family values 1 women’s rights 2 other (specify) - 21 - Regardless of your choice for president, which of these candidates would do the better job on each of these issues—George W. Bush or John Kerry? [rotate questions 6 to 9] 6. Which candidate would do a better job on the situation in Iraq? 44% George W. Bush 48 John Kerry 2 other answer (specify) 6 don't know 7. Which candidate would do a better job on health care? 32% George W. Bush 57 John Kerry 2 other answer (specify) 9 don't know 8. Which candidate would do a better job on jobs and the economy? 37% George W. Bush 54 John Kerry 2 other answer (specify) 7 don't know 9. Which candidate would do a better job on terrorism and homeland security? 48% George W. Bush 43 John Kerry 2 other answer (specify) 7 don't know 10. If the November election for the U.S. Senate were being held today, would you vote for: [rotate] Barbara Boxer, the Democrat, [or] Bill Jones, the Republican? 54% Barbara Boxer 36 Bill Jones 1 other answer (specify) 9 don't know [rotate questions 11 and 12] 11. Do you consider Barbara Boxer to be [rotate order] or don't you know enough to say? 30% very liberal 29 somewhat liberal 19 middle-of-the-road 4 somewhat conservative 1 very conservative 17 don't know enough to say 12. Do you consider Bill Jones to be [rotate order] or don't you know enough to say? 1% very liberal 2 somewhat liberal 13 middle-of-the-road 25 somewhat conservative 11 very conservative 48 don't know enough to say 13. Proposition 60 on the November ballot—the “Election Rights of Political Parties Legislative Constitutional Amendment”—requires that general election ballots include the candidate receiving the most votes among candidates of the same party for partisan office in the primary election. No significant fiscal impact is expected. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 60? 34% yes 24 no 42 don't know 14. Do you think California's current system of partisan primaries generally produces candidates who effectively represent their districts? 54% yes, produces effective representatives 34 no, does not produce effective representatives 12 don't know 15. Proposition 62 on the November ballot—the “Elections, Primaries Initiative Constitutional Amendment,”—requires primary elections where voters may vote for any state or federal candidate regardless of the voter's or candidate’s party registration. The two primary election candidates receiving the most votes for an office—whether they are candidates with “no party” or members of the same or different party—would be listed on the general election ballot. No significant fiscal impact is expected. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 62? 49% yes 33 no 18 don't know - 22 - 16. If Proposition 62 passes, do you think California would generally have candidates who more effectively represent their districts than candidates today? 46% yes 31 no 23 don't know 17. Proposition 72 on the November ballot is the “Health Care Coverage Requirements Referendum.” A yes vote approves and a no vote rejects state legislation requiring health care coverage for employees working for large and medium employers. The fiscal impacts include significant state expenditures on private health insurance offset fully by significant employer health coverage costs, significant county health program savings, and significant net state revenue losses. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 72? 45% yes 34 no 21 don't know 18. How closely are you following news about Proposition 72, “The Health Care Coverage Requirements Referendum”—very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely? 6% very closely 23 fairly closely 34 not too closely 34 not at all closely 3 don't know 19. Does knowing that Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger opposes this state proposition make you more likely to oppose it, more likely to support it, or does it make no difference to you? 14% more likely to oppose 16 more likely to support 65 no difference 5 don't know [rotate questions 20/21 and 22/23 as blocks] 20. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling his job as governor of California? 61% approve 31 disapprove 8 don't know 21. How would you rate Governor Schwarzenegger when it comes to working for the best interests of people like you—excellent, good, fair, or poor? 13% excellent 33 good 31 fair 21 poor 2 don't know 22. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California legislature is handling its job? 40% approve 46 disapprove 14 don't know 23. How would you rate the California legislature when it comes to working for the best interests of people like you—excellent, good, fair, or poor? 3% excellent 19 good 43 fair 31 poor 4 don't know 24. In California state government today, which of the following would you prefer to have the most influence over public policy: [rotate list] 37% initiatives on the state ballot 31 the legislature 23 the governor 1 other answer (specify) 8 don't know 25. Do you think the citizens' initiative process in California is in need of major changes or minor changes or that it is basically fine the way it is at this time? 35% major changes 33 minor changes 21 fine the way it is 11 don't know 26. The California legislature has operated under term limits since 1990, meaning that members of the state senate and state assembly are limited in the number of terms they can hold their elected office. Do you think that term limits are a good thing or a bad thing for California, or do they make no difference? 61% good thing 17 bad thing 18 no difference 4 don't know - 23 - September 2004 27. What if your state legislators were allowed to serve up to four years beyond the current term limits of three two-year terms in the state assembly and two four-year terms in the state senate? Do you think they would be more effective or less effective in representing your area, or would there be no difference? 35% more effective 25 less effective 34 no difference 6 don't know 28. There is a proposal to change the California legislature from full-time to part-time status. Do you think that having a part-time legislature would be a good thing or a bad thing for California, or would it make no difference? 22% good thing 53 bad thing 17 no difference 8 don't know 29. Currently, 40 state senators and 80 assembly members represent the people of California in the state legislature. Overall, do you think people in your area would be better represented in the state legislature if there were more representatives serving smaller districts, or would it not make a difference? 43% area would be better represented 49 would not make a difference 2 other (specify) 6 don't know 30. Would you favor or oppose taking the power to redraw legislative and congressional district lines from the state legislature and shifting this responsibility to a new, independent state commission? 39% favor 40 oppose 21 don't know 31. Generally speaking, would you favor or oppose having a system of public funding for state and legislative campaigns in California if it cost taxpayers a few dollars a year to run? 35% favor 57 oppose 8 don't know 32. Changing topics, overall do you approve or disapprove of the way that George W. Bush is handling his job as president of the United States? 43% approve 54 disapprove 3 don't know 33. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that President Bush is handling the issue of jobs and the economy? 39% approve 56 disapprove 5 don't know 34. Do you think that things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 42% right direction 54 wrong direction 4 don't know 35. Turning to economic conditions, do you think during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially or bad times? 47% good times 41 bad times 12 don't know I’m going to read some pairs of statements. As I read each pair, tell me if the first statement or the second statement comes closest to your views—even if neither is exactly right. [rotate questions 36 and 37] 36. [rotate] Government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest [or] Government regulation of business does more harm than good. 54% government regulation is necessary 42 government regulation does more harm than good 4 don't know 37. What do you think is more likely to decrease gun violence: [rotate] better enforcement of gun laws [or] more laws and restrictions on obtaining guns? 52% better enforcement 39 more laws 5 both 4 don't know - 24 - [rotate questions 38 and 39] 38. Which would you prefer: [rotate] the current health insurance system in the United States, in which most people get their health insurance from private employers but some people have no insurance [or] a universal health insurance program, in which everyone is covered under a program like Medicare that’s run by the government and financed by taxpayers? 35% current system 60 universal health insurance system 5 don't know 39. Would you be willing to pay more—either in higher health insurance premiums or higher taxes—in order to increase the number of Americans who have health insurance, or not? 53% yes, willing to pay more 42 no, not willing to pay more 5 don't know 40. How concerned are you about being able to afford necessary health care when a family member gets sick—very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned, or not at all concerned? 57% very concerned 20 somewhat concerned 10 not very concerned 13 not at all concerned 41. On another topic, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote? 82% yes 18 no 41a.Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or as an independent? 42% Democrat 35 Republican 5 another party (specify) 18 independent 42. Regardless of your current voter registration status, generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Democrat, a Republican, an independent, or what? 34% Democrat [ask q43b] 25 Republican [ask q43c] 31 Independent [ask q43a] 6 other (specify)[ask q43a] 4 don't know [ask q43a] 43a.Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? 31% Republican Party 43 Democratic Party 20 neither 6 don't know [skip to Q44] 43b.Do you think of yourself as a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 58% strong 40 not very strong 2 don't know [skip to Q44] 43c.Do you think of yourself as a strong Republican or not a very strong Republican? 62% strong 36 not very strong 2 don't know [rotate questions 44/45 and 46/47/48 as blocks] 44. Overall, do you think there are any important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for? 75% yes, important differences 21 no, no important differences 4 don't know 45. In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed? 48% adequate job 46 third party is needed 6 don't know I'm going to read you some phrases. Please tell me if you think each one better describes the Republican Party and its leaders or the Democratic Party and its leaders. First, which party do you think is better described by the phrase … [rotate questions 46 to 48] 46. “Can bring about the kind of changes the country needs” 36% Republican Party 51 Democratic Party 3 both equally [volunteered] 6 neither [volunteered] 4 don't know - 25 - September 2004 47. “Is concerned with the needs of people like me” 30% Republican Party 57 Democratic Party 3 both equally [volunteered] 5 neither [volunteered] 5 don't know 48. “Able to manage the federal government well” 42% Republican Party 42 Democratic Party 2 both equally [volunteered] 8 neither [volunteered] 6 don't know 49. On another topic, would you consider yourself to be politically … [rotate order] 11% very liberal 21 somewhat liberal 32 middle-of-the-road 24 somewhat conservative 10 very conservative 2 don't know 50. Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics—a great deal, a fair amount, only a little, or none? 26% great deal 43 fair amount 25 only a little 6 none 51. As far as making progress on the important issues facing the country is concerned, does it really matter who wins the 2004 presidential election, or will things pretty much be the same regardless of who is elected president? 71% really matters who wins 26 things will pretty much be the same regardless 1 other (specify) 2 don't know [Responses recorded for questions 52 and 53 are from registered voters only] 52. How often would you say you vote—always, nearly always, part of the time, seldom, or never? 70% always 19 nearly always 7 part of the time 2 seldom 2 never 53. Do you plan to vote in the general election on November 2nd? If yes: Will you vote at your local polling place or by absentee ballot? 73% yes, local polling place 23 yes, absentee ballot 2 no, not planning to vote 2 don't know 54. On another topic, are you yourself now covered by any form of health insurance or health plan? 83% yes 17 no 55. Are you or is anyone in your immediate family a member of a labor union? If yes: Is that person you or another person in your family? 10% yes, respondent 10 yes, another person in family 2 yes, both 78 no [56-69: demographic questions] - 26 - PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY Advisory Committee Mitchel Benson Director of Communications California Treasurer Phil Angelides Angela Blackwell President PolicyLink Paul Brest President The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Mollyann Brodie Vice President Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Director Institute of Governmental Studies University of California, Berkeley James E. Canales President The James Irvine Foundation Matt Fong Chairman Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation Advisory Committee William Hauck President California Business Roundtable Dennis A. Hunt Vice President Communications and Public Affairs The California Endowment Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Senior Scholar School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Carol S. Larson President and CEO The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Monica Lozano Publisher and CEO La Opinión Donna Lucas Deputy Chief of Staff Office of Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Max Neiman Professor Political Science Department University of California, Riverside Dan Rosenheim News Director KPIX-TV Carol Stogsdill President Stogsdill Consulting Cathy Taylor Vice President and Editorial Commentary Director Orange County Register Raymond L. Watson Vice Chairman of the Board Emeritus The Irvine Company Carol Whiteside President Great Valley Center - 27 - PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA Board of Directors Cheryl White Mason, Chair Chief, Civil Liability Management Los Angeles City Attorney’s Office Edward K. Hamilton Chairman Hamilton, Rabinovitz & Alschuler, Inc. Gary K. Hart Founder Institute for Education Reform California State University, Sacramento Walter B. Hewlett Director Center for Computer Assisted Research in the Humanities David W. Lyon President and CEO Public Policy Institute of California Arjay Miller Dean Emeritus Graduate School of Business Stanford University Ki Suh Park Design and Managing Partner Gruen Associates Constance L. Rice Co-Director The Advancement Project Thomas C. Sutton Chairman & CEO Pacific Life Insurance Company Raymond L. Watson Vice Chairman of the Board Emeritus The Irvine Company Carol Whiteside President Great Valley Center Advisory Council Mary C. Daly Research Advisor Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Clifford W. Graves General Manager Department of Community Development City of Los Angeles Elizabeth G. Hill Legislative Analyst State of California Hilary W. Hoynes Associate Professor Department of Economics University of California, Davis Andrés E. Jiménez Director California Policy Research Center University of California Office of the President Norman R. King Executive Director San Bernardino Associated Governments Daniel A. Mazmanian C. Erwin and Ione Piper Dean and Professor School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Dean Misczynski Director California Research Bureau Rudolf Nothenberg Chief Administrative Officer (Retired) City and County of San Francisco Manuel Pastor Professor, Latin American & Latino Studies University of California, Santa Cruz Peter Schrag Contributing Editor The Sacramento Bee James P. Smith Senior Economist RAND Corporation PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 800 San Francisco, California 94111 Phone: (415) 291-4400 Fax: (415) 291-4401 www.ppic.org info@ppic.org" } ["___content":protected]=> string(102) "

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" ["_permalink":protected]=> string(113) "https://www.ppic.org/publication/ppic-statewide-survey-californians-and-their-government-september-2004/s_904mbs/" ["_next":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_prev":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_css_class":protected]=> NULL ["id"]=> int(8430) ["ID"]=> int(8430) ["post_author"]=> string(1) "1" ["post_content"]=> string(0) "" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:37:33" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(3630) ["post_status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["post_title"]=> string(8) "S 904MBS" ["post_type"]=> string(10) "attachment" ["slug"]=> string(8) "s_904mbs" ["__type":protected]=> NULL ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(12) "S_904MBS.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(7) "1252758" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(90692) "PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY SEPTEMBER 2004 Public Policy Institute of California Californians and Their Government ○○○○○ Mark Baldassare Research Director & Survey Director The Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) is a private operating foundation established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. The Institute is dedicated to improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research. PPIC’s research agenda focuses on three program areas: population, economy, and governance and public finance. Studies within these programs are examining the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public policy concerns, including education, health care, immigration, income distribution, welfare, urban growth, and state and local finance. PPIC was created because three concerned citizens – William R. Hewlett, Roger W. Heyns, and Arjay Miller – recognized the need for linking objective research to the realities of California public policy. Their goal was to help the state’s leaders better understand the intricacies and implications of contemporary issues and make informed public policy decisions when confronted with challenges in the future. PPIC does not take or support positions on any ballot measure or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. David W. Lyon is founding President and Chief Executive Officer of PPIC. Cheryl White Mason is Chair of the Board of Directors. 500 Washington Street, Suite 800 • San Francisco, California 94111 Telephone: (415) 291-4400 • Fax: (415) 291-4401 info@ppic.org • www.ppic.org Preface The PPIC Statewide Survey series provides policymakers, the media, and the general public with objective, advocacy-free information on the perceptions, opinions, and public policy preferences of California residents. Inaugurated in April 1998, the survey series has generated a database that includes the responses of more than 102,000 Californians. The current survey is the eighteenth in our Californians and Their Government series, which is conducted on a periodic basis throughout the state’s election cycles. The series is examining the social, economic, and political trends that underlie public policy preferences and ballot choices. The current survey focuses on the November 2nd statewide election, including the presidential election. It examines voters’ preferences in the presidential election, the U.S. Senate race, and on three state propositions that will also be on the ballot, as well as Californians’ attitudes and perceptions toward state policies and national issues. This report presents the responses of 2,003 adult residents throughout the state on a wide range of issues: • The November 2nd statewide election, including preferences in the presidential election, most important issues for the candidates to address in the presidential debates, perceptions of which of the major party candidates will do a better job in handling issues such as the economy, the situation in Iraq, health care, and terrorism and homeland security; the U.S. Senate election, perceptions of the political profile of U.S. Senate candidates, and public support for, and attitudes related to, Proposition 60 (election rights of political parties), Proposition 62 (primaries initiative), and Proposition 72 (health care coverage requirements referendum). • State policies, including overall approval ratings of Governor Schwarzenegger and the state legislature, ratings of the governor and legislature in representing the best interests of the people, and satisfaction with legislative term limits; support for legislative reforms such as convening a part-time legislature, election reforms such as campaign finance, and citizens’ initiative reforms. • National policies, including overall approval ratings of President Bush and his handling of jobs and the economy; the public’s evaluations of the overall direction of the country and the conditions of the U.S. economy; policy preferences with regard to government regulations and health care as they relate to national attitudes and California trends over time; and attitudes toward the workings of the two-party system and the strengths of the major political parties. • The extent to which Californians may differ in their ballot choices for the November election; political and economic attitudes toward the state; and attitudes toward national political issues by party affiliation, demographics, race/ethnicity, and region of residence. This is the 50th PPIC Statewide Survey, which has included a number of special editions: • The Central Valley (11/99, 3/01, 4/02, 4/03, 4/04) • Population Growth (5/01) • San Diego County (7/02) • Land Use (11/01, 11/02) • Orange County (9/01, 12/02, 12/03) • Environment (6/00, 6/02, 7/03, 7/04) • Los Angeles County (3/03, 3/04) • State Budget (6/03, 1/04, 5/04) Copies of this report may be ordered by e-mail (order@ppic.org) or phone (415-291-4400). Copies of this and earlier reports are posted on the publications page of the PPIC web site (www.ppic.org). For questions about the survey, please contact survey@ppic.org. -i- - ii - Contents Preface Press Release California 2004 Election State Policies National Policies Survey Methodology Survey Questions and Results Survey Advisory Committee i v 1 7 13 19 21 27 - iii - Press Release Para ver este comunicado de prensa en español, por favor visite nuestra página de internet: http://www.ppic.org/main/pressreleaseindex.asp THEY COULD CARE LESS: CALIFORNIANS MORE CONCERNED THAN AMERICANS GENERALLY ABOUT PRESIDENTIAL VOTE Voters See Stark Differences Between Parties, Candidates; Term Limits Still Hot, Proposal for Part-Time Legislature Not SAN FRANCISCO, California, September 23, 2004 — California’s highly partisan voters can agree on one thing: It really matters who wins the presidential election. Despite finding themselves in the minority in recent national polls, state voters see more at stake in the outcome of the election than do voters nationally, according to a new survey released by the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC). Seven in 10 Californians (71%) – and 80 percent of likely state voters – say it really does matter who wins the presidential race when it comes to making progress on the important issues facing the country, compared to 63 percent of Americans who hold this view. Democrats (78%) and Republicans (77%) are equally likely to say the outcome of the election is important, while independents (31%) are slightly more inclined to believe that things will be the same regardless of who is elected. Whites (78%) are far more likely than Latinos (61%) to say it matters who wins on November 2nd. Widespread concern about the outcome of the election is driving high levels of interest in the campaign: Most voters (89%) say they are following presidential election news closely. Why the strong feelings? California voters see big differences in the platforms of the nation’s major political parties: 83 percent believe there are important differences between Democrats and Republicans, including majorities of Democratic (86%), Republican (84%), and independent (77%) likely voters. Overall, voters view Democrats rather than Republicans as more likely to represent the concerns of people like them (58% to 32%) and to bring about the kind of changes the country needs (52% to 37%), while they are divided about which party will do a good job managing the federal government (44% to 43%). Despite the belief that the major parties offer starkly different choices, a significant number of state voters would still like to see the two-party system get an overhaul. While 48 percent of likely voters say the Democratic and Republican parties do an adequate job of representing the American people, an equal number (46%) think they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed. A majority of all independents (62%) believe a third party is required. “California’s independent voters are clearly looking for a more permanent home, and this should create some trepidation among the Democrats and Republicans who currently bank on their votes,” says PPIC Statewide Survey Director Mark Baldassare. “But what’s most surprising is the substantial numbers of Democrats (43%) and Republicans (37%) who believe a third party is needed. Is it the major parties or just the current crop of candidates that these voters find so lacking?” Voters Prefer Kerry on Economy, Bush on Homeland Security Currently, the Democratic ticket of Senators John Kerry and John Edwards holds a 12-point lead over the ticket of Republican President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney (51% to 39%), down from a 16-point spread in August (54% to 38%). Kerry leads Bush among independent voters (54% to 29%) and Latinos (63% to 30%), while the two are locked in a statistical dead heat among white likely voters (47% to 44%). Evangelical Christians favor Bush over Kerry (60% to 30%), while Kerry leads among likely voters with other religious preferences (59% to 32%). Asked which issue they would most like to hear the candidates address during their debates this fall, likely voters name the economy, jobs, and unemployment (30%), followed by the war in Iraq (19%), -v- Press Release health care (12%), and terrorism and national security (8%). California voters currently prefer Kerry to Bush on jobs and the economy (54% to 37%) and health care (57% to 32%). Voters narrowly support Kerry over Bush on Iraq (48% to 44%) and choose Bush over Kerry on homeland security (48% to 43%). Support for Open Primary; Health Insurance Referendum Lags Despite Health Care Worries Proposition 62 – the ballot measure designed to change the state’s partisan primary system to an open primary format – receives support from 49 percent of likely voters, while 33 percent oppose the initiative. Forty-six percent of voters believe Prop. 62 will result in candidates who more effectively represent their districts than do candidates today, while 31 percent disagree. Also up for a vote in November is Proposition 60, placed on the ballot by the legislature as a counter to the open primary initiative and intended to maintain the current partisan primary system. At present, more voters are undecided about this proposition than support or oppose it (42% undecided, 34% support, 24% oppose). Interestingly, a majority of voters (54%) say that the current system of partisan primaries generally produces candidates who effectively represent their districts. Proposition 72 – a referendum on legislation passed last year requiring all large and medium employers in the state to provide health insurance for their employees – remains short of the majority needed to approve the law (45% to 34%) and virtually unchanged since August. Most voters (65%) say Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger’s opposition to the referendum will not sway their vote either way. Despite the lack of support for Proposition 72, health care remains a very real concern for most Californians. Three in four state residents (77%) – and 71 percent of likely voters – say they are at least somewhat concerned about being able to afford necessary health care. A slim majority of Californians (53%) say they would be willing to pay more – either through higher health insurance premiums or higher taxes – to increase the number of Americans who have health insurance. There is also a strong preference for a system of universal, government-administered health care (60%) as opposed to the current system in which most people get their health insurance from private employers (35%). Reform-Minded? Californians Like Some Legislative, Election Reforms but Reject Others Support for Governor Schwarzenegger remains strong, with 61 percent of Californians approving of the way he has handled his job. Ratings for the state legislature are far lower (40% approve, 46% disapprove). One reason for the difference? Nearly half of state residents (46%) say the governor does an excellent or good job working for their best interests, while only 22 percent say the same about the legislature. But despite their hard feelings towards many in government, residents and voters remain choosy – and full of surprises – when it comes to the types of legislative and election reforms they support: • Term Limits: Legislative term limits remain popular, with 61 percent of Californians and 65 percent of likely voters calling them a good thing. However, Californians may be open to some changes: Nearly four in 10 voters (36%) think that expanding the time legislators could serve in office would make them more effective representatives. Twenty-eight percent of voters say such an extension would make legislators less effective and 31 percent see no difference. • Part-Time Legislature: A majority of Californians (53%) and likely voters (54%) say it would be a bad idea to change the status of the California Legislature from full-time to part-time. • Smaller Legislative Districts: State residents are slightly more likely to believe that having a greater number of state legislators serving smaller districts would not result in better representation for their part of the state (49% to 43%). Likely voters also share this view (52% to 40%). • Redistricting: Californians are divided about shifting the power to redraw legislative and congressional district lines from the state legislature to a new independent state commission (39% favor, 40% oppose). Voters are more inclined to support such a proposal (44% favor, 38% oppose). • Publicly Financed Campaigns: Majorities of state residents (57%) and likely voters (54%) are unwilling to spend even a few dollars a year to support public funding for state and legislative campaigns. - vi - Press Release • Initiative Process: Californians prefer that initiatives on the state ballot (37%) – rather than the legislature (31%) or governor (23%) – have the greatest influence over public policy in the state. However, strong majorities of state residents (68%) and likely voters (67%) also believe that the process is in need of at least minor changes. More Key Findings • Boxer maintains lead in Senate race (page 3) Among likely voters, incumbent Senator Barbara Boxer has an 18-point lead over Republican challenger Bill Jones (54% to 36%). Fifty-nine percent of voters consider Boxer very liberal (30%) or somewhat liberal (29%), while 36 percent call Jones very conservative (11%) or somewhat conservative (25%) and 48 percent say they don’t know enough about him to say. • Approval ratings for President Bush remain low (page 13) Fifty-four percent of Californians disapprove and 43 percent approve of how President Bush is handling his job overall, similar to his August ratings (56% disapprove, 40% approve). Approval ratings for the president on the issue of jobs and the economy are also low – with 56 percent saying they disapprove – and are relatively unchanged since one year ago (52% disapprove, 42% approve). • Residents don’t like nation’s direction, but see better economic times ahead (page 14) A majority of Californians (54%) believe the nation is headed in the wrong direction, while 42 percent think it is going in the right direction. However, they are somewhat more optimistic about the nation’s economic future: 47 percent of state residents expect good times during the next year and 41 percent anticipate bad times ahead. These general trends have changed little from one year ago. • More Californians today say regulation of business is necessary (page 15) More Californians today (54%) than four years ago (46%) say that government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest. Forty-two percent think government regulation of business does more harm than good, compared to 49 percent in 2000. • Slight increase in support for new gun laws (page 15) A majority of residents (52%) believe that better enforcement of existing guns laws – rather than new laws or restrictions (39%) – is more likely to decrease gun violence. Support for new gun laws is higher among Latinos than whites (53% to 34%). Overall attitudes have changed slightly since 2000, when 56 percent of state residents advocated better enforcement and 34 percent supported new laws. About the Survey The purpose of the PPIC Statewide Survey is to develop an in-depth profile of the social, economic, and political forces affecting California elections and public policy preferences. Findings of this survey are based on a telephone survey of 2,003 California adult residents interviewed between September 12 and September 19, 2004. Interviews were conducted in English or Spanish. The sampling error for the total sample is +/- 2%. The sampling error for subgroups is larger. For more information, see page 19. Mark Baldassare is research director at PPIC, where he holds the Arjay and Frances Fearing Miller Chair in Public Policy. He is founder of the PPIC Statewide Survey, which he has directed since 1998. His recent book, A California State of Mind: The Conflicted Voter in a Changing World, is available at www.ppic.org. PPIC is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to improving public policy through objective, nonpartisan research on the economic, social, and political issues that affect Californians. The institute was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. PPIC does not take or support positions on any ballot measure or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. This report will appear on PPIC’s website (www.ppic.org) on September 23. ### - vii - Percent 2004 Presidential Race 7 3 51 39 Likely Voters Kerry/Edwards Bush/Cheney Other Don't know Percent who believe that it really matters who wins the 2004 presidential election 100 90 80 71 78 77 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 All Adults Dem Rep Likely Voters Proposition 72: "Health Care Coverage Requirements Referendum" 21 45 34 Likely Voters Yes No Don't know Percent Likely Voters Percent Top Four Issues for Presidential Debates 35 30 30 25 20 19 15 12 10 8 5 0 Economy Iraq Health Care Terrorism Percent who think that things in the U.S. are generally going in the right direction 80 74 70 60 50 42 40 41 30 20 20 10 0 All Adults Dem Rep Likely Voters 2004 U.S. Senate Race 9 1 36 Likely Voters 54 Barbara Boxer Bill Jones Other Don't know California 2004 Election Presidential Election While many national polls reported a significant “Bush bounce” following the Republican National Convention in early September, the Democratic ticket of John Kerry and John Edwards continues to hold a double-digit lead over the Republican ticket of George W. Bush and Dick Cheney in California. Kerry led Bush by an 11-point margin in July (49% to 38%), a 16-point margin in August (54% to 38%), and Kerry now leads by a 12-point margin in September (51% to 39%). Only 7 percent of likely voters are undecided about their choice on November 2nd (the percentage of undecided voters has remained virtually unchanged over the past three months). Kerry draws support from eight in 10 Democrats, and Bush has the support of eight in 10 Republicans; however, Kerry leads Bush by a large margin among independent voters (54% to 29%). Kerry has strong support in the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles, while Bush leads in the Central Valley and Other Southern California by somewhat narrower margins. Kerry’s lead over Bush is large among Latino likely voters (63% to 30%), while the two tickets are in a statistical dead heat among white likely voters (47% Kerry, 44% Bush). Kerry has a larger lead among women (55% to 36%) than among men (48% to 42%). Evangelical Christians favor Bush over Kerry (60% to 30%), while Kerry leads among likely voters with other religious preferences (59% to 32%). “If the November 2nd presidential election were being held today, would you vote for …” Results among likely voters John Kerry and John Edwards George W. Bush and Dick Cheney Other answer (specify) Don't know July 2004 49% 38 7 6 August 2004 September 2004 54% 51% 38 39 23 67 Results among likely voters All Likely Voters Party registration Region Race/Ethnicity Gender Religion Democrat Republican Independent Central Valley SF Bay Area Los Angeles Other Southern California Whites Latinos Male Female Evangelical Christian Other Kerry / Edwards 51% 81 14 54 42 70 58 37 47 63 48 55 30 59 Bush / Cheney 39% 11 80 29 48 19 32 55 44 30 42 36 60 32 -1- Other answer 3% 1 2 5 1 4 2 3 3 1 5 1 3 3 Don't know 7% 7 4 12 9 7 8 5 6 6 5 8 7 6 California 2004 Election Ranking of Candidates on Issues Bush and Kerry plan to face off in a series of presidential debates in September and October. What would California’s likely voters like to hear the candidates talk about during these televised encounters? The top four issues are the economy and jobs (30%), the war in Iraq (19%), health care (12%), and terrorism and security issues (8%). Across the political spectrum, the number one issue is the economy and jobs (36% Democrats; 25% Republicans; 31% independents). The issues of Iraq, health care, and terrorism and security are found in the top tier of issues in all voter groups. Which of the candidates would do a better job on each of these four issues? California voters favor Kerry over Bush on jobs and the economy (54% to 37%) and health care (57% to 32%). More than eight in 10 Democrats support their party’s candidate on these domestic issues, and independent voters also pick Kerry over Bush on jobs and the economy (55% to 34%) and health care (60% to 28%). Republican likely voters lend higher levels of support to their party’s candidate on jobs and the economy (74%) than on health care (64%). Likely voters are more divided when asked who would do a better job on the situation in Iraq and on terrorism and security. Voters narrowly support Kerry over Bush on Iraq (48% to 44%) and favor Bush over Kerry on terrorism and security issues (48% to 43%). Republicans show overwhelming support for the president on the situation in Iraq (81%) and terrorism and security (84%). Independents lean toward Kerry over Bush on the handling of Iraq (49% to 38%) and are evenly split between Bush and Kerry when it comes to terrorism and security issues (44% Bush, 43% Kerry). Large majorities of Democrats favor Kerry when it comes to handling the situation in Iraq (75%) and terrorism and homeland security (69%). “Regardless of your choice for president, which of these candidates would do the better job on each of these issues—George W. Bush or John Kerry?” Results among likely voters Bush The situation in Iraq Kerry Other answer Don't know Bush Health care Kerry Other answer Don't know Bush Kerry Jobs and the economy Other answer Don't know Bush Terrorism and homeland security Kerry Other answer Don't know Likely Voters 44% 48 2 6 32 57 2 9 37 54 2 7 48 43 2 7 Party Registration Democrat Republican Independent 17% 81% 38% 75 11 49 12 5 76 8 9 64 28 85 23 60 12 2 5 11 10 11 74 83 16 34 55 12 4 58 7 22 84 44 69 10 43 11 4 85 9 -2- California 2004 Election U.S. Senate Election In November’s U.S. Senate election, Democratic incumbent Barbara Boxer has an 18-point lead over Republican challenger Bill Jones among likely voters (54% to 36%), while 9 percent of likely voters remain undecided. There has been little change in the level of support for each of the candidates or the percentage of undecided voters. Boxer and Jones enjoy solid support within their political parties, while independents lean toward Boxer (54% to 29%). Boxer is strongly favored in the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles, while Jones registers his highest levels of support in the Central Valley and Other Southern California. Boxer has a wider advantage over Jones among women (58% to 30%) than men (49% to 42%) and among Latinos (68% to 24%) than whites (49% to 40%). Evangelical Christians prefer Jones to Boxer by a wide margin (52% to 33%), while voters of other religious orientations strongly prefer Boxer (61% to 30%). Asked to define the candidates’ politics, 59 percent of California likely voters perceived Boxer as liberal, 19 percent as middle-of-the-road, and 5 percent as conservative (17 percent indicated that they did not know enough to say). In comparison, 36 percent of likely voters viewed Jones as conservative, 13 percent as middle-of-the-road, and 3 percent as liberal; a plurality (48%) said they did not know enough about Jones to identify his political bent. Thirty-five percent of likely voters define their own politics as liberal, 29 percent as middle-of-the-road, and 36 percent as conservative. “If the 2004 U.S. Senate election were being held today, would you vote for …” Results among likely voters Barbara Boxer, the Democrat Bill Jones, the Republican Other answer Don't know July 2004 52% 37 1 10 August 2004 53% 36 1 10 September 2004 54% 36 1 9 Results among likely voters All Likely Voters Party registration Democrat Republican Independent Central Valley Region SF Bay Area Los Angeles Other Southern California Race/Ethnicity Whites Latinos Gender Male Female Religion Evangelical Christian Other Barbara Boxer, the Democrat 54% 84 18 54 42 69 61 Bill Jones, the Republican 36% 8 73 29 49 24 25 Other answer 1% 1 0 0 1 1 1 Don't know 9% 7 9 17 8 6 13 44 45 0 11 49 40 1 10 68 24 0 8 49 42 1 8 58 30 0 12 33 52 1 14 61 30 0 9 - 3 - September 2004 California 2004 Election State Proposition 60 Proposition 60 is the “Election Rights of Political Parties Legislative Constitutional Amendment.” It was placed on the November ballot by the state legislature as a competing measure to Proposition 62, a citizens’ initiative that would change the state’s primary election process from a closed, partisan system to an open, nonpartisan system. Proposition 60 would mirror the current system, in which the top primary vote-getter from each party is ensured a place on the general election ballot. If voters approve both Propositions 60 and 62, the one that receives the most votes will become law. When read the official ballot title and summary for Proposition 60, a large proportion of likely voters (42%) say they do not know how they would vote if the election were held today. At this stage in the campaign, 34 percent say they would vote yes and 24 percent say they would vote no. Support for Proposition 60 is well below 50 percent among Democrat, Republican, and independent likely voters, and it likewise falls far short of majority support in all regions of the state. Although support for Proposition 60 is higher among Latino likely voters than among whites (46% to 31%), support for the proposition comes in well below 50 percent among both men and women and across age, education, and income groups. “Proposition 60 on the November ballot is the “Election Rights of Political Parties Legislative Constitutional Amendment.” ... If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 60?” ∗ Results among likely voters Yes No Don't know Likely Voters 34% 24 42 Party Registration Region Dem 35% 23 42 Rep 29% 27 44 Central Ind Valley 41% 27% 20 33 39 40 SF Bay Area 31% 21 48 Los Angeles 39% 24 37 Other Southern California 35% 23 42 Latinos 46% 25 29 One of the factors that may help voters make up their minds on Propositions 60 and 62 is their perception of the current primary system. A majority of voters (54%) say that the state’s partisan primaries generally produce candidates who effectively represent their districts, while 34 percent say that they are not effectively represented under the current system and 12 percent are undecided. Majorities of Democrats (57%), Republicans (55%), and whites (53%) and Latinos (61%) say that the current partisan system produces effective representatives for their districts. While independent voters are more evenly divided in their perceptions of the partisan primaries, a bare majority of them say that the current system produces effective representatives (50% to 39%). There are no significant differences across age and income groups. Overall, there does not seem to be widespread dissatisfaction with the partisan primary system at this stage of the election cycle. “Do you think California's current system of partisan primaries generally produces candidates who effectively represent their districts?” Yes, produces effective representatives No, does not produce effective representatives Don't know Likely Voters 54% 34 12 ∗ For complete question wording, see Question 13 in the Survey Questionnaire, page 22. -4- California 2004 Election State Proposition 62 Proposition 62 on the November ballot is the “Elections, Primaries Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute.” This “open primary” reform, which qualified as a citizens’ initiative, would change the current closed, partisan primary system—it would require primary elections in which voters may vote for any state or federal candidate regardless of the voter’s or candidate’s party registration. The two primary election candidates receiving the most votes for an office—whether they are candidates with no party affiliation or members of the same or of different parties—would be listed on the general election ballot. As previously noted, the legislature placed Proposition 60 on the ballot to counter this effort. Should both Proposition 60 and 62 pass by majority vote, the ballot measure that receives more votes would become state law. When voters are read the official ballot label and summary of this initiative, 49 percent of likely voters say they would vote yes and 33 percent say they would vote no; only 18 percent are undecided. Thus, compared to the response to Proposition 60, Proposition 62 has more supporters, more opponents, and fewer undecided voters. Currently, there are higher levels of support for Proposition 62 among Democrats (49% to 32%) and independents (58% to 29%) than among Republicans (46% to 36%). Support for Proposition 62 declines with age; however, support is similar across income groups. “Proposition 62 on the November ballot is the “Elections, Primaries Initiative Constitutional Amendment.” ... If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 62?” ∗ Results among likely voters Yes No Don't know Likely Voters 49% 33 18 Party Registration Dem 49% 32 19 Rep 46% 36 18 Central Ind Valley 58% 50% 29 36 13 14 Region SF Bay Los Area Angeles Other Southern California Latinos 50% 46% 53% 53% 32 34 31 33 18 20 16 14 Do voters think that Proposition 62 would make a positive difference in the primary election process? Residents throughout the state were asked if the passage of Proposition 62 would result in candidates who would more effectively represent their districts than candidates do today. While 46 percent of likely voters said that the proposition would offer them candidates more effective in their representation, 31 percent believed that the measure would not lead to better representation, and 23 percent were unsure. The belief that Proposition 62 would improve representation declines somewhat with age and household income. Latino likely voters (58%) are more likely than white likely voters (43%) to believe that Proposition 62 would lead to more effective representation. “If Proposition 62 passes, do you think California would generally have candidates who more effectively represent their districts than candidates today?” Yes No Don't know Likely Voters 46% 31 23 ∗ For complete question wording, see Question 15 in the Survey Questionnaire, page 22. -5- September 2004 California 2004 Election State Proposition 72 The percentage of Californians who support Proposition 72—a referendum on legislation passed last year requiring all large and medium employers in the state to provide health insurance for their employees—remains below the 50 percent majority needed to approve the measure. We have seen no change in support or opposition to Proposition 72 among likely voters since the August Statewide Survey. Forty-five percent of likely voters plan to vote yes on the measure, while 34 percent are opposed and 21 percent remain undecided. Among likely voters, a majority of Democrats (55%) and about half of independents (49%) favor the proposition, while a plurality of Republicans oppose it (48%). A majority in the San Francisco Bay Area (51%) support the measure, but support falls below 50 percent in the rest of the state. Support is higher among Latino likely voters than among white likely voters (53% to 42%). Support declines with age and household income but is not strongly related to either gender or education at this stage of the campaign. Immediately before this survey began, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger announced that he planned to oppose Proposition 72 and endorse a “no” vote on the measure. Does the governor’s stand on this referendum affect voter choices? Sixty-five percent of likely voters say that the governor’s opposition to Proposition 72 will not affect their vote, while 14 percent say that it will make them more likely to oppose the measure and 16 percent say that it will make them more likely to support it. One in four Republicans say that the governor’s stand on the issue makes them more likely to oppose it, while one in five Democrats say that if the governor is endorsing a “no” vote, they are more likely to favor the measure. Seventy-three percent of independent likely voters say that the governor’s opposition to this referendum makes no difference to them, while 10 percent say that it will make them more likely to oppose the measure and 13 percent say that it will incline them to support it. “Proposition 72 on the November ballot is the “Health Care Coverage Requirements Referendum.” ... If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 72?” ∗ Results among likely voters Yes No Don't know August 2004 45% 34 21 September 2004 45% 34 21 Results among likely voters Likely Voters Yes No Don't know 45% 34 21 Party Registration Region Dem 55% 23 22 Rep 29% 48 23 Central Ind Valley 49% 43% 34 37 17 20 SF Bay Los Area Angeles 51% 48% 26 30 23 22 Other Southern California 39% 41 20 Latinos 53% 29 18 ∗ For complete question wording, see Question 17 in the Survey Questionnaire, page 23. -6- State Policies Governor’s Approval Ratings Roughly six in 10 California adults (61%) and likely voters (64%) approve of the job Arnold Schwarzenegger is doing as governor of California. Schwarzenegger’s approval ratings have been in this range throughout his first year in office—and both before and after his appearance at the Republican National Convention in early September. The governor continues to have the overwhelming support of Republicans (88%) and a majority of independents (63%). Democrats are more evenly divided (47% approve; 44% disapprove). Nearly seven in 10 residents in the Central Valley (66%) and Other Southern California (69%) regions approve of the governor, as do more narrow majorities of residents in Los Angeles (54%) and the San Francisco Bay Area (52%). Although 71 percent of whites approve of Schwarzenegger’s job performance, 51 percent of Latinos disapprove (42% approve). “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling his job as governor of California?” Approve Disapprove Don't know Party Registration All Adults 61% 31 8 Dem 47% 44 9 Rep 88% 8 4 Ind 63% 27 10 Central Valley 66% 26 8 Region SF Bay Area 52% 38 10 Los Angeles 54% 37 9 Other Southern California 69% 24 7 Likely Voters 64% 28 8 Beyond overall job performance, how does the public rate Governor Schwarzenegger when it comes to working for their best interests? About half of all California adults (46%) and likely voters (48%) rate the governor as excellent or good on this dimension. Three in 10 residents think the governor is doing a fair job in this regard, and two in 10 think he is doing a poor job. Again, there is a large partisan divide: Seventy-three percent of Republicans think Schwarzenegger is doing an excellent or good job working for their interests, compared to only 45 percent of independents and 29 percent of Democrats. While 56 percent of whites give the governor excellent or good ratings, only 27 percent of Latinos rate Schwarzenegger that highly when it comes to working for their best interests. “How would you rate Governor Schwarzenegger when it comes to working for the best interests of people like you?” All Adults Excellent Good Fair Poor Don't know 13% 33 31 21 2 Party Registration Region Dem 4% 25 38 31 2 Rep 27% 46 20 5 2 Central Ind Valley 9% 14% 36 35 32 27 19 22 42 SF Bay Los Area Angeles 8% 9% 28 29 36 34 25 26 32 Other Southern California 18% 36 29 14 3 Likely Voters 15% 33 31 19 2 -7- State Policies Approval Ratings for State Legislators The legislature gets much lower ratings than the governor: Forty percent of Californians approve and 46 percent disapprove of the way the state legislature is handling its job. Among the state’s likely voters, 37 percent approve and 51 percent disapprove. Although Democrats control the legislature, there is virtually no partisan difference in ratings: Similar percentages of Democrats (41%), Republicans (38%), and independents (39%) approve of the job the legislature is doing. Approval also differs very little among liberals (43%), moderates (42%), and conservatives (37%). Forty-five percent of Latinos and 38 percent of whites give the legislature high marks. Nearly half of California adults ages 18 to 34 (47%) approve of the legislature, compared to only 32 percent of those age 55 and older. Californians’ overall approval of the state legislature has remained largely unchanged during 2004, but it is significantly higher today than it was leading up to last year’s recall election (28% in August 2003). “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California legislature is handling its job?” Approve Disapprove Don't know All Adults 40% 46 14 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind Likely Voters 41% 38% 39% 37% 46 52 46 51 13 10 15 12 How does the public rate the state legislature when it comes to working for their best interests? Californians give the legislature considerably lower marks than they give the governor. Twenty-two percent of Californians think that the legislature as a whole is doing an excellent (3%) or good (19%) job working for the best interests of people like themselves. Democrats (24%), Republicans (20%), and independents (20%) all give the legislature lower ratings than they give the governor for doing an excellent or good job on this dimension. Californians who describe themselves as liberal (23%), moderate (23%), and conservative (22%) are all about as likely to rate the state legislature as excellent or good in terms of working for the best interests of people like themselves. Latinos are somewhat more likely than whites to say that the legislature deserves excellent or good ratings in this domain (27% to 21%). “How would you rate the California legislature when it comes to working for the best interests of people like you?” Excellent Good Fair Poor Don't know All Adults 3% 19 43 31 4 Party Registration Dem 3% 21 45 28 3 Rep 2% 18 38 38 4 Ind 2% 18 41 34 5 Likely Voters 1% 19 41 36 3 -8- State Policies Legislative Term Limits Legislative term limits, enacted by a citizens’ initiative in 1990, remain popular. Sixty-one percent of Californians think that legislative term limits are a good thing; only 17 percent think they are bad, and 18 percent think they don’t make a difference. Republicans (75%) are more likely than Democrats (57%) and independents (59%) to say that legislative term limits are a good thing, but majorities of Californians of all political affiliations are positive about these limits. In October 1998, two years after the first state legislators were termed out of office, 68 percent of likely voters thought that term limits were a good thing for the state. In December 2001, reflecting general pro-government attitudes following the September 11th terrorist attacks, support for term limits dropped to 49 percent. Today, as 26 state legislators conclude their terms at the end of the year, approval of term limits among likely voters has risen to 65 percent. “The California legislature has operated under term limits since 1990, meaning that members of the state senate and state assembly are limited in the number of terms they can hold their elected office. Do you think that term limits are a good thing or a bad thing for California, or do they make no difference?” Good thing Bad thing No difference Don't know All Adults 61% 17 18 4 Party Registration Dem 57% 23 16 4 Rep 75% 11 12 2 Ind 59% 19 19 3 Likely Voters 65% 20 12 3 Given the popularity of term limits, do Californians think there would be any virtue in allowing legislators to serve up to four years beyond the current term limits (three two-year terms for the state assembly and two four-year terms for the state senate). Nearly four in 10 adult residents (35%) and likely voters (36%) think more time would make legislators more effective representatives. However, 25 percent of Californians think it would make legislators less effective, and one-third say it would make no difference in how well their areas are represented in the legislature. Democrats (41%) are somewhat more likely than independents (34%) and Republicans (29%) to think that extended terms would make legislators more effective representatives. Across the ideological spectrum, 44 percent of liberals, 33 percent of moderates, and 29 percent of conservatives say their areas would be more effectively represented if their state legislators could serve up to four additional years beyond the current limits. “What if your state legislators were allowed to serve up to four years beyond the current term limits of three two-year terms in the state assembly and two four-year terms in the state senate? Do you think they would be more effective or less effective in representing your area, or would there be no difference?” More effective Less effective No difference Don't know All Adults 35% 25 34 6 Party Registration Dem 41% 21 33 5 Rep 29% 34 31 6 Ind 34% 25 35 6 Likely Voters 36% 28 31 5 - 9 - September 2004 State Policies Legislative Reforms One of the initiatives in preparation for statewide circulation is a measure to shift the California legislature from full-time to part-time status. A majority of Californians (53%) say this would be a bad thing, about one in four (22%) say it would be a good thing, and about one in six (17%) say it would make no difference. Democrats (63%) are more likely than Republicans (47%) and independents (47%) to say this change would be bad. Solid majorities in the San Francisco Bay Area (57%) and Other Southern California (54%) regions, and about half of the residents in Los Angeles (51%) and the Central Valley (49%), believe that changing the legislature to part-time status would be a bad thing. Across the state’s demographic and racial/ethnic groups, majorities share a negative opinion about this legislative reform proposal. The belief that having the legislature work part-time is a bad thing increases with education and income. Fifty-nine percent of those who approve of the way the legislature is handling its job say that changing the legislature’s status to part-time would be a bad thing, as do 47 percent of those who disapprove of the legislature’s job performance. “There is a proposal to change the California legislature from full-time to part-time status. Do you think that having a part-time legislature would be a good thing or a bad thing for California, or would it make no difference?” Good thing Bad thing No difference Don't know All Adults 22% 53 17 8 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 14% 30% 27% 63 47 47 16 15 18 7 88 Likely Voters 24% 54 14 8 Does a state of nearly 36 million people, with 40 state senators and 80 members of the state assembly, need more districts? Californians are divided when asked if having more representatives serving smaller districts would result in better representation for their areas. Forty-three percent of Californians think a larger legislature would better represent their areas, while 49 percent say that it would not make a difference. Democrats (45%) are more likely than Republicans (37%) and independents (39%) to say this change would make their areas better represented in Sacramento. Whites are more likely than Latinos to say more representatives would be inconsequential (53% to 38%), and the belief that it would not matter increases with age, education, and income. Those who approve and those who disapprove of the way the legislature is handling its job today are nearly equally likely to say that more representatives serving smaller districts would make no difference. “Currently, 40 state senators and 80 assembly members represent the people of California in the state legislature. Overall, do you think people in your area would be better represented in the state legislature if there were more representatives serving smaller districts, or would it not make a difference?” Area would be better represented Would not make a difference Other (specify) Don't know All Adults 43% 49 2 6 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 45% 37% 39% 48 55 53 223 565 Likely Voters 40% 52 2 6 - 10 - State Policies Electoral Reforms There have been proposals to change the way that legislative districts are drawn, largely in response to concerns that the involvement of the state’s elected officials makes the redistricting process too political. Californians are closely divided on the issue of taking the power to redraw districts away from the state legislature and transferring it to a new, independent state commission. Thirty-nine percent of California residents favor the proposal, 40 percent oppose it, and one in five residents are undecided. Likely voters support the idea of creating an independent commission to redraw district lines by a slight margin (44% favor, 38% oppose). Whites are more likely than Latinos to support the change (41% to 36%). Across demographic groups, support increases with education and household income; there are no significant differences by age. Voters’ evaluations of the legislature play a role in support for this election reform. Among those who disapprove of the legislature’s overall performance at this time, 44 percent favor the idea of shifting the responsibility of drawing district lines to an independent commission; among those who approve of the legislature’s performance, support drops to 37 percent. “Would you favor or oppose taking the power to redraw legislative and congressional district lines from the state legislature and shifting this responsibility to a new, independent state commission?” Favor Oppose Don't know All Adults 39% 40 21 Party Registration Dem 41% 41 18 Rep 38% 41 21 Ind 48% 34 18 Likely Voters 44% 38 18 Californians often complain about the effects of political fundraising on candidates and elected officeholders, but are they willing to pay for publicly financed campaigns? Many state residents are not willing to spend even a few dollars a year for publicly funded state and legislative campaigns (57% opposed, 35% in favor). The response was similarly negative when we first asked this question in August 2000 (57% opposed, 38% in favor). In the wake of the November 2002 gubernatorial election, the response to public financing was more positive (50% in favor, 46% opposed). However, a year ago, prior to the recall election, a majority of Californians once again opposed this idea (53% opposed, 41% in favor). Today, Democrats (45%) are much more supportive than Republicans (24%) of public financing for political campaigns. Overall, majorities across racial/ethnic groups and demographic groups oppose having this type of system. Across regions, opposition is stronger in Other Southern California (64%) than in the Central Valley (56%), Los Angeles (55%), and the San Francisco Bay Area (47%). “Generally speaking, would you favor or oppose having a system of public funding for state and legislative campaigns in California if it cost taxpayers a few dollars a year to run?” Favor Oppose Don't know All Adults 35% 57 8 Party Registration Dem 45% 48 7 Rep 24% 68 8 Ind 38% 55 7 Likely Voters 39% 54 7 - 11 - September 2004 State Policies Initiative Reforms Who or what would Californians prefer to have the most influence over state public policy? Their first preference is initiatives on the state ballot (37%). Then, despite the governor’s much higher approval ratings, three in 10 (31%) name the legislature, and one in four (23%) name the governor. Preferences are similar among likely voters (38% for initiatives; 35% for the legislature; 20% for the governor). The responses were similar among all adults in a December 1999 survey (42% initiatives; 30% legislature; 21% governor). Today, Democratic and independent voters are about equally likely to prefer that the legislature and initiatives on the state ballot have the most influence over public policy, while Republicans much prefer initiatives (38%) over the legislature (22%). In the San Francisco Bay Area, a plurality of residents (41%) would prefer the legislature to have the most influence over public policy, compared to pluralities of residents elsewhere in the state who would prefer initiatives on the ballot to have the most influence over public policy. Latinos and whites are equally likely to say they prefer initiatives (both 37%). “In California state government today, which of the following would you prefer to have the most influence over public policy?” Initiatives on the state ballot The legislature The governor Other answer Don't know All Adults 37% 31 23 1 8 Party Registration Dem 36% 38 18 0 8 Rep 38% 22 31 2 7 Ind 36% 34 21 0 9 Likely Voters 38% 35 20 1 6 Although Californians express a preference for ballot box policymaking, nearly seven in 10 residents say that changes are needed in the California initiative process, and only one in five considers the current system just fine the way it is. Thirty-five percent would like to see major changes, and 33 percent believe only minor changes are needed. Democrats (75%) and independents (68%) are more likely than Republicans (62%), and Latinos (76%) are more likely than whites (64%), to say the initiative process is in need of change. Even among those who believe initiatives should have the most influence on public policy, two-thirds think the process needs major or minor changes. In October 2000, a similar 32 percent of Californians said that major changes were needed, while 43 percent called for minor changes in the initiative process. “Do you think the citizens' initiative process in California is in need of major changes or minor changes or that it is basically fine the way it is at this time?” Major changes Minor changes Fine the way it is Don't know All Adults 35% 33 21 11 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 38% 28% 36% 37 34 32 16 28 22 9 10 10 Likely Voters 33% 34 23 10 - 12 - National Policies President’s Ratings In California, President Bush’s overall job approval ratings have changed very little since the GOP convention. Today, 43 percent of all California adults approve of the way Bush is handling his job as president, while 54 percent disapprove. In the August Statewide Survey, 40 percent approved and 56 percent disapproved. Today’s ratings represent a considerable drop from the September 2003 survey, in which 51 percent approved of Bush’s performance, and an even greater decline since the September 2002 survey, when 64 percent approved of the way he was handling his job. In a recent CBS News/New York Times poll, 50 percent of all Americans approved of the president’s job performance and 42 percent disapproved. The partisan divide is dramatic: Eighty percent of Republicans approve and 80 percent of Democrats disapprove of Bush’s performance. However, he has gained some ground among independent voters. In the August survey, only 30 percent of independents approved of his performance. Today, 40 percent approve, but 58 percent disapprove. Likely voters’ views are similar to those of all adults (43% approve; 55% disapprove). Regionally, the president draws much higher approval ratings in the Central Valley (54%) and Other Southern California (57%) than in the San Francisco Bay Area (27%) or Los Angeles (34%). Whites (48%) are more likely than Latinos (40%) to approve of Bush’s job performance. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that George W. Bush is handling his job as president of the United States?” Approve Disapprove Don't know All Adults 43% 54 3 Party Registration Dem 18% 80 2 Rep 80% 18 2 Central Ind Valley 40% 54% 58 42 24 Region SF Bay Los Area Angeles 27% 34% 70 63 33 Other Southern California 57% 40 3 Likely Voters 43% 55 2 How do Californians rate the president on the number-one campaign issue—jobs and the economy? About the same as his overall job performance—56 percent of all adults and 58 percent of likely voters disapprove of his record on the economy. Regionally, disapproval is highest in the San Francisco Bay Area (73%) and Los Angeles (64%), but significant percentages in the Central Valley (47%) and Other Southern California (44%) also disapprove. About half of Latinos (56%) and whites (53%) disapprove of the president’s performance on economic issues. Economic performance ratings were similar in the September 2003 survey, when 52 percent disapproved and 42 percent approved of Bush’s handling of the economy. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that President Bush is handling the issue of jobs and the economy?” Approve Disapprove Don't know All Adults 39% 56 5 Party Registration Dem 16% 81 3 Rep 71% 24 5 Central Ind Valley 37% 47% 60 47 36 Region Other SF Bay Los Southern Area Angeles California 23% 31% 53% 73 64 44 45 3 Likely Voters 39% 58 3 - 13 - National Policies Overall Direction As the November presidential election draws near, more Californians (54%) believe that, in general, the nation is headed in the wrong direction than in the right direction (42%). Likely voters have similar views (56% wrong direction, 41% right direction). For all Californians, the outlook is about the same as in September 2003 (42% right direction, 51% wrong direction). Again, there is a sharp partisan divide: Seventy-four percent of Republicans say the country is headed in the right direction, and 77 percent of Democrats say it is headed in the wrong direction. Independents lean toward a negative assessment (57% wrong direction, 39% right direction). There is also a regional divide: A majority of residents in the San Francisco Bay Area and Los Angeles think things are going in the wrong direction; a majority in the Central Valley and Other Southern California think they are going in the right direction. Californians are more positive about the state of the state (47% right direction, 40% wrong direction) than about the state of the nation (54% wrong direction, 42% right direction). “Do you think that things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?” Right direction Wrong direction Don't know All Adults 42% 54 4 Party Registration Dem 20% 77 3 Rep 74% 22 4 Central Ind Valley 39% 52% 57 44 44 Region SF Bay Los Area Angeles Other Southern California 28% 33% 53% 69 62 42 35 5 Likely Voters 41% 56 3 When asked about the nation’s economic future, Californians are somewhat more optimistic: Fortyseven percent expect good fiscal times in the next year; 41 percent see bad times ahead. Expectations are almost unchanged from the September 2003 survey, when 47 percent anticipated good economic times and 42 percent thought that the economy would not do well. Along partisan lines, a majority of Republicans (73%) and a near majority of independents (47%) think that good times lie ahead. In contrast, a majority of Democrats (55%) see bad economic times coming in the next year. San Francisco Bay Area residents have the most negative economic outlook across the state’s regions. Californians have similar expectations for the national (47% good times, 41% bad times) and the state economies (46% good times, 40% bad times). “Turning to economic conditions, do you think that during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially or bad times?” Good times Bad times Don't know All Adults 47% 41 12 Party Registration Dem 31% 55 14 Rep 73% 19 8 Central Ind Valley 47% 41 51% 38 12 11 Region SF Bay Los Area Angeles 35% 51 41% 46 14 13 Other Southern California 59% 31 10 Likely Voters 47% 41 12 - 14 - National Policies Government Regulations Over the last four years, Californians have become more convinced of the need for government regulation of business. Today, they are more likely to say that government is necessary to protect the public interest (54%) than that government regulation of business does more harm than good (42%). In the February 2000 survey, during the 2000 presidential campaign, state residents were somewhat more likely to think that regulations do more harm than good (49%) and less likely to say government regulation is necessary (46%). Although still large, the partisan gap in attitudes toward regulating business is actually slightly smaller now than in 2000. Today, there is a 19-point gap: Sixty-one percent of Democrats believe government regulation is necessary to protect the public interest, compared to 42 percent of Republicans. In 2000, there was a 25-point gap between Democrats and Republicans on the necessity of government regulations (56% to 31%). In 2000, 47 percent of independents thought government regulation of business was necessary to protect the public interest; today, six in 10 independents feel this way. “Which statement comes closest to your views:” Government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest Government regulation of business does more harm than good Don't know February September 2000 2004 46% 54% 49 42 54 Government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest Government regulation of business does more harm than good Don't know All Adults 54% 42 4 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 61% 42% 59% 35 53 37 454 Likely Voters 54% 42 4 In the matter of government regulations on guns, there has been a slight change in attitudes over the last four years in the direction of support for passing more laws. When it comes to decreasing gun violence, 52 percent of residents now say that better enforcement of existing gun laws is the answer; 39 percent opt for passing more laws and restrictions on obtaining new guns. In the September 2000 survey, just before the presidential election, 56 percent were for better enforcement, 34 percent for more laws. Democrats are more supportive of new gun laws than Republicans. On this issue, the partisan divide has narrowed somewhat—15 points today (44% Democrats, 29% Republicans) compared to 20 points in 2000 (41% Democrats, 21% Republicans). There has been no change in opinion across other voter groups. Support for new gun laws is higher among Latinos than whites (53% to 34%). - 15 - September 2004 National Policies Health Care Health care was identified in the August Statewide Survey as one of the top issues of the 2004 presidential campaign, and the current survey indicates that health care is one of the top four issues voters want to hear the candidates talk about during the presidential debates. National polls have also placed health care on the list of top concerns. Why is health care such a major issue this year? Half of California adults (57%) and likely voters (49%) say that they are very concerned about affording necessary health care when a family member gets sick. However, there are partisan and racial/ethnic differences: Democrats are more likely than Republicans (65% to 39%) and Latinos are more likely than whites (73% to 46%) to say they are very concerned about health care affordability. Concern is also high among lower income, less educated, and foreign-born residents. What type of health insurance system is preferred? Six in 10 Californians say they favor a universal health insurance program—in which everyone is covered under a program like Medicare that’s run by the government and financed by taxpayers—rather than the current health insurance system in the United States. Republicans prefer the current health insurance system, while Democrats and independents would rather have a universal health insurance program. A national survey by ABC News/Washington Post in 2003 found similar results (62% universal health insurance, 32% current health insurance system). “Which would you prefer: the current health insurance system in the United States, in which most people get their health insurance from private employers but some people have no insurance, or a universal health insurance program, in which everyone is covered under a program like Medicare that’s run by the government and financed by taxpayers?” Universal health insurance system Current system Don't know All Adults 60% 35 5 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 72% 37% 59% 24 58 35 456 Likely Voters 54% 40 6 Would Californians be willing to pay more—either in higher taxes or health insurance premiums—to increase the number of Americans who have health insurance? Fifty-three percent say yes; 42 percent say no. On this question, the California results are similar to the results of a national survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation in February 2003 (52% willing to pay, 42% not willing to pay). Willingness to pay more varies by partisanship (65% Democrats, 60% independents, 39% Republicans) and race/ethnicity (56% white, 47% Latino). It declines with age and citizenship status and increases with higher education and higher income levels. “Would you be willing to pay more—either in higher health insurance premiums or higher taxes—in order to increase the number of Americans who have health insurance, or not?” Yes, willing to pay more No, not willing to pay more Don't know All Adults 53% 42 5 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 65% 39% 60% 31 55 37 463 Likely Voters 55% 40 5 - 16 - National Policies Measures of Political Intensity Californians continue to be highly engaged in the 2004 presidential election: Seventy-six percent of all adults and 89 percent of likely voters are either very closely or fairly closely following the news about the candidates. Democrats (45%) and Republicans (44%) are equally likely to say they are following the very news closely. About half of college graduates, residents with incomes of $80,000 or more, residents age 55 and older, and whites are very closely following news about candidates. Californians are more likely than Americans generally to believe it really matters who wins the 2004 presidential election. In this survey, 71 percent of Californians express that belief, while 26 percent believe that things will be pretty much the same no matter who wins. In a Pew Research Center survey in July 2004, 63 percent of Americans said it really matters who wins, while 32 percent said that things will pretty much be the same whatever the outcome. Eight in 10 likely voters stress the importance of who wins for making progress on important issues, and Democrats and Republicans are about equally likely to hold this view. Although independents are more likely to say that things will be the same despite the outcome, a large majority (65%) believe that it matters who wins. Whites (78%) are more likely than Latinos (61%) to say the outcome matters. “As far as making progress on the important issues facing the country is concerned, does it really matter who wins the 2004 presidential election, or will things pretty much be the same regardless of who is elected president?” Really matters who win Things will be the same regardless Other answer Don't know All Adults 71% 26 1 2 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 78% 77% 65% 19 21 31 101 223 Likely Voters 80% 17 1 2 A similar 75 percent of Californians believe there are important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for, while only 21 percent believe there are no important differences. Even independent voters are much more likely than not to believe there are important differences between the major parties (66% to 29%). More than eight in 10 likely voters, Democrats, and Republicans believe there are big distinctions between the major political parties. The perception of major differences between the parties is nearly identical among evangelical Christians and others (76% to 75%). “Do you think there are any important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for?” Yes, important differences No, no important differences Don't know All Adults 75% 21 4 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 82% 80% 66% 16 17 29 235 Likely Voters 83% 16 1 - 17 - September 2004 National Policies Perceptions of Major Political Parties Given that Californians think there are important differences between the Democrats and Republicans, which party do they think is more effective? Californians choose Democrats over Republicans when it comes to bringing about changes the country needs (51% to 36%) and being concerned with the needs of people like themselves (57% to 30%). In these areas, independents give Democrats higher points. When asked who can best manage the federal government, Californians are divided (42% Republicans, 42% Democrats). In this case, independents give Republicans the nod (44% to 36%). “Which party do you think is better described by the phrase ...” Republican Party “Can bring about the kind of changes the country needs” Democratic Party Both equally Neither Don't know Republican Party “Is concerned with the needs of people like me” Democratic Party Both equally Neither Don't know Republican Party “Able to manage the federal government well” Democratic Party Both equally Neither Don't know All Adults 36% 51 3 6 4 30 57 3 5 5 42 42 2 8 6 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 11% 74% 32% 82 16 48 133 3 5 10 327 7 65 28 87 24 56 232 268 226 19 77 44 72 11 36 224 5 8 11 225 Likely Voters 37% 52 2 6 3 32 58 2 6 2 43 44 2 8 3 Do the two major political parties do an adequate job of representing the American people or is a third party needed? Californians are evenly divided (48% adequate job, 46% third party needed). Republicans are the most likely to say that the major parties are doing an adequate job, Democrats give a mixed assessment, and most independents think that a third party is needed. A national Gallup Poll in 2003 found a much more positive view of the major parties among all Americans (56% adequate job, 40% third party needed). “In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed?” All Adults Adequate job Third party is needed Don't know 48% 46 6 Party Registration Dem Rep Ind 51% 58% 34% 43 37 62 654 Likely Voters 48% 46 6 - 18 - Survey Methodology The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, research director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with assistance in research and writing from Jon Cohen, associate survey director; Renatta DeFever and Kristy Michaud, survey research associates; and Kimberly Curry, survey intern. The findings of this survey are based on a telephone survey of 2,003 California adult residents interviewed between September 12 and September 19, 2004. Interviewing took place on weekday nights and weekend days, using a computer-generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted telephone numbers were called. All telephone exchanges in California were eligible for calling. Telephone numbers in the survey sample were called up to ten times to increase the likelihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing by using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Each interview took an average of 20 minutes to complete. Interviewing was conducted in English or Spanish. Casa Hispana translated the survey into Spanish, and Schulman, Ronca & Bucuvalas, Inc. conducted the telephone interviewing. We used recent U.S. Census and state figures to compare the demographic characteristics of the survey sample with characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the census and state figures. The survey data in this report were statistically weighted to account for any demographic differences. The sampling error for the total sample of 2,003 adults is +/- 2 percent at the 95 percent confidence level. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 2 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California were interviewed. The sampling error for subgroups is larger. The sampling error for the 1,636 registered voters is +/- 2.5 percent, and the sampling error for the 1,151 likely voters is +/- 3 percent. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. Throughout the report, we refer to four geographic regions. “Central Valley” includes Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “SF Bay Area” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, and “Other Southern California” includes the mostly suburban regions of Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties. These four regions are the major population centers of the state, accounting for approximately 90 percent of the state population. We present specific results for Latinos because they account for about 28 percent of the state’s adult population and constitute one of the fastest growing voter groups. The sample sizes for the African American and Asian subgroups are not large enough for separate statistical analysis. We do contrast the opinions of registered Democrats, Republicans, and independents. The “independents” category includes only those who are registered to vote as “decline to state.” In some cases, we compare PPIC Statewide Survey responses to responses recorded in national surveys conducted by ABC News/Washington Post, CBS News/New York Times, the Pew Research Center, Fox News/Opinion Dynamics, the Gallup Organization, the National Election Studies (NES), and the Kaiser Family Foundation. We use earlier PPIC Statewide Surveys to analyze trends over time in California. - 19 - PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY: CALIFORNIANS AND THEIR GOVERNMENT SEPTEMBER 12—SEPTEMBER 19, 2004 2,003 CALIFORNIA ADULT RESIDENTS; ENGLISH AND SPANISH MARGIN OF ERROR +/-2% AT 95% CONFIDENCE LEVEL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE 1. Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 47% right direction 40 wrong direction 13 don't know 2. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? 46% good times 40 bad times 14 don't know [Responses recorded for questions 3 through 19 are from likely voters only. All other responses are from all adults, except where noted.] 3. If the November 2nd presidential election were being held today, would you vote for: [rotate] the Republican ticket of George W. Bush and Dick Cheney [or] the Democratic ticket of John Kerry and John Edwards? 51% John Kerry and John Edwards 39 George W. Bush and Dick Cheney 3 other answer [specify] 7 don't know 4. How closely are you following news about candidates for the upcoming presidential election—very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely? 50% very closely 39 fairly closely 8 not too closely 3 not at all closely 5. There will be a series of presidential debates leading up to the November 2nd election. Which one issue would you most like to hear the presidential candidates talk about during the presidential debates? [code, don’t read] 30% economy, jobs, unemployment 19 Iraq situation, war in Iraq 12 health care, health costs 8 terrorism, security issues 5 education, schools 4 immigration, illegal immigration 4 federal budget, deficit, taxes 2 foreign policy in general 2 crime, gangs 1 energy, oil/gasoline prices 1 environment, pollution 8 other (specify) 4 don’t know 5a. Is there another issue that you want to hear about almost as much? [code, don’t read] 22% economy, jobs, unemployment 20 Iraq situation, war in Iraq 16 health care, health costs 8 education, schools 7 terrorism, security issues 5 federal budget, deficit, taxes 3 foreign policy in general 3 immigration, illegal immigration 3 social security 2 environment, pollution 2 gay rights, gay marriages 1 abortion 1 guns, gun control 1 energy, oil/gasoline prices 1 government regulations 1 housing costs/availability 1 moral and family values 1 women’s rights 2 other (specify) - 21 - Regardless of your choice for president, which of these candidates would do the better job on each of these issues—George W. Bush or John Kerry? [rotate questions 6 to 9] 6. Which candidate would do a better job on the situation in Iraq? 44% George W. Bush 48 John Kerry 2 other answer (specify) 6 don't know 7. Which candidate would do a better job on health care? 32% George W. Bush 57 John Kerry 2 other answer (specify) 9 don't know 8. Which candidate would do a better job on jobs and the economy? 37% George W. Bush 54 John Kerry 2 other answer (specify) 7 don't know 9. Which candidate would do a better job on terrorism and homeland security? 48% George W. Bush 43 John Kerry 2 other answer (specify) 7 don't know 10. If the November election for the U.S. Senate were being held today, would you vote for: [rotate] Barbara Boxer, the Democrat, [or] Bill Jones, the Republican? 54% Barbara Boxer 36 Bill Jones 1 other answer (specify) 9 don't know [rotate questions 11 and 12] 11. Do you consider Barbara Boxer to be [rotate order] or don't you know enough to say? 30% very liberal 29 somewhat liberal 19 middle-of-the-road 4 somewhat conservative 1 very conservative 17 don't know enough to say 12. Do you consider Bill Jones to be [rotate order] or don't you know enough to say? 1% very liberal 2 somewhat liberal 13 middle-of-the-road 25 somewhat conservative 11 very conservative 48 don't know enough to say 13. Proposition 60 on the November ballot—the “Election Rights of Political Parties Legislative Constitutional Amendment”—requires that general election ballots include the candidate receiving the most votes among candidates of the same party for partisan office in the primary election. No significant fiscal impact is expected. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 60? 34% yes 24 no 42 don't know 14. Do you think California's current system of partisan primaries generally produces candidates who effectively represent their districts? 54% yes, produces effective representatives 34 no, does not produce effective representatives 12 don't know 15. Proposition 62 on the November ballot—the “Elections, Primaries Initiative Constitutional Amendment,”—requires primary elections where voters may vote for any state or federal candidate regardless of the voter's or candidate’s party registration. The two primary election candidates receiving the most votes for an office—whether they are candidates with “no party” or members of the same or different party—would be listed on the general election ballot. No significant fiscal impact is expected. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 62? 49% yes 33 no 18 don't know - 22 - 16. If Proposition 62 passes, do you think California would generally have candidates who more effectively represent their districts than candidates today? 46% yes 31 no 23 don't know 17. Proposition 72 on the November ballot is the “Health Care Coverage Requirements Referendum.” A yes vote approves and a no vote rejects state legislation requiring health care coverage for employees working for large and medium employers. The fiscal impacts include significant state expenditures on private health insurance offset fully by significant employer health coverage costs, significant county health program savings, and significant net state revenue losses. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 72? 45% yes 34 no 21 don't know 18. How closely are you following news about Proposition 72, “The Health Care Coverage Requirements Referendum”—very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely? 6% very closely 23 fairly closely 34 not too closely 34 not at all closely 3 don't know 19. Does knowing that Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger opposes this state proposition make you more likely to oppose it, more likely to support it, or does it make no difference to you? 14% more likely to oppose 16 more likely to support 65 no difference 5 don't know [rotate questions 20/21 and 22/23 as blocks] 20. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling his job as governor of California? 61% approve 31 disapprove 8 don't know 21. How would you rate Governor Schwarzenegger when it comes to working for the best interests of people like you—excellent, good, fair, or poor? 13% excellent 33 good 31 fair 21 poor 2 don't know 22. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California legislature is handling its job? 40% approve 46 disapprove 14 don't know 23. How would you rate the California legislature when it comes to working for the best interests of people like you—excellent, good, fair, or poor? 3% excellent 19 good 43 fair 31 poor 4 don't know 24. In California state government today, which of the following would you prefer to have the most influence over public policy: [rotate list] 37% initiatives on the state ballot 31 the legislature 23 the governor 1 other answer (specify) 8 don't know 25. Do you think the citizens' initiative process in California is in need of major changes or minor changes or that it is basically fine the way it is at this time? 35% major changes 33 minor changes 21 fine the way it is 11 don't know 26. The California legislature has operated under term limits since 1990, meaning that members of the state senate and state assembly are limited in the number of terms they can hold their elected office. Do you think that term limits are a good thing or a bad thing for California, or do they make no difference? 61% good thing 17 bad thing 18 no difference 4 don't know - 23 - September 2004 27. What if your state legislators were allowed to serve up to four years beyond the current term limits of three two-year terms in the state assembly and two four-year terms in the state senate? Do you think they would be more effective or less effective in representing your area, or would there be no difference? 35% more effective 25 less effective 34 no difference 6 don't know 28. There is a proposal to change the California legislature from full-time to part-time status. Do you think that having a part-time legislature would be a good thing or a bad thing for California, or would it make no difference? 22% good thing 53 bad thing 17 no difference 8 don't know 29. Currently, 40 state senators and 80 assembly members represent the people of California in the state legislature. Overall, do you think people in your area would be better represented in the state legislature if there were more representatives serving smaller districts, or would it not make a difference? 43% area would be better represented 49 would not make a difference 2 other (specify) 6 don't know 30. Would you favor or oppose taking the power to redraw legislative and congressional district lines from the state legislature and shifting this responsibility to a new, independent state commission? 39% favor 40 oppose 21 don't know 31. Generally speaking, would you favor or oppose having a system of public funding for state and legislative campaigns in California if it cost taxpayers a few dollars a year to run? 35% favor 57 oppose 8 don't know 32. Changing topics, overall do you approve or disapprove of the way that George W. Bush is handling his job as president of the United States? 43% approve 54 disapprove 3 don't know 33. Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that President Bush is handling the issue of jobs and the economy? 39% approve 56 disapprove 5 don't know 34. Do you think that things in the United States are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 42% right direction 54 wrong direction 4 don't know 35. Turning to economic conditions, do you think during the next 12 months the United States will have good times financially or bad times? 47% good times 41 bad times 12 don't know I’m going to read some pairs of statements. As I read each pair, tell me if the first statement or the second statement comes closest to your views—even if neither is exactly right. [rotate questions 36 and 37] 36. [rotate] Government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest [or] Government regulation of business does more harm than good. 54% government regulation is necessary 42 government regulation does more harm than good 4 don't know 37. What do you think is more likely to decrease gun violence: [rotate] better enforcement of gun laws [or] more laws and restrictions on obtaining guns? 52% better enforcement 39 more laws 5 both 4 don't know - 24 - [rotate questions 38 and 39] 38. Which would you prefer: [rotate] the current health insurance system in the United States, in which most people get their health insurance from private employers but some people have no insurance [or] a universal health insurance program, in which everyone is covered under a program like Medicare that’s run by the government and financed by taxpayers? 35% current system 60 universal health insurance system 5 don't know 39. Would you be willing to pay more—either in higher health insurance premiums or higher taxes—in order to increase the number of Americans who have health insurance, or not? 53% yes, willing to pay more 42 no, not willing to pay more 5 don't know 40. How concerned are you about being able to afford necessary health care when a family member gets sick—very concerned, somewhat concerned, not very concerned, or not at all concerned? 57% very concerned 20 somewhat concerned 10 not very concerned 13 not at all concerned 41. On another topic, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote? 82% yes 18 no 41a.Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or as an independent? 42% Democrat 35 Republican 5 another party (specify) 18 independent 42. Regardless of your current voter registration status, generally speaking, do you usually think of yourself as a Democrat, a Republican, an independent, or what? 34% Democrat [ask q43b] 25 Republican [ask q43c] 31 Independent [ask q43a] 6 other (specify)[ask q43a] 4 don't know [ask q43a] 43a.Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? 31% Republican Party 43 Democratic Party 20 neither 6 don't know [skip to Q44] 43b.Do you think of yourself as a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 58% strong 40 not very strong 2 don't know [skip to Q44] 43c.Do you think of yourself as a strong Republican or not a very strong Republican? 62% strong 36 not very strong 2 don't know [rotate questions 44/45 and 46/47/48 as blocks] 44. Overall, do you think there are any important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for? 75% yes, important differences 21 no, no important differences 4 don't know 45. In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed? 48% adequate job 46 third party is needed 6 don't know I'm going to read you some phrases. Please tell me if you think each one better describes the Republican Party and its leaders or the Democratic Party and its leaders. First, which party do you think is better described by the phrase … [rotate questions 46 to 48] 46. “Can bring about the kind of changes the country needs” 36% Republican Party 51 Democratic Party 3 both equally [volunteered] 6 neither [volunteered] 4 don't know - 25 - September 2004 47. “Is concerned with the needs of people like me” 30% Republican Party 57 Democratic Party 3 both equally [volunteered] 5 neither [volunteered] 5 don't know 48. “Able to manage the federal government well” 42% Republican Party 42 Democratic Party 2 both equally [volunteered] 8 neither [volunteered] 6 don't know 49. On another topic, would you consider yourself to be politically … [rotate order] 11% very liberal 21 somewhat liberal 32 middle-of-the-road 24 somewhat conservative 10 very conservative 2 don't know 50. Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics—a great deal, a fair amount, only a little, or none? 26% great deal 43 fair amount 25 only a little 6 none 51. As far as making progress on the important issues facing the country is concerned, does it really matter who wins the 2004 presidential election, or will things pretty much be the same regardless of who is elected president? 71% really matters who wins 26 things will pretty much be the same regardless 1 other (specify) 2 don't know [Responses recorded for questions 52 and 53 are from registered voters only] 52. How often would you say you vote—always, nearly always, part of the time, seldom, or never? 70% always 19 nearly always 7 part of the time 2 seldom 2 never 53. Do you plan to vote in the general election on November 2nd? If yes: Will you vote at your local polling place or by absentee ballot? 73% yes, local polling place 23 yes, absentee ballot 2 no, not planning to vote 2 don't know 54. On another topic, are you yourself now covered by any form of health insurance or health plan? 83% yes 17 no 55. Are you or is anyone in your immediate family a member of a labor union? If yes: Is that person you or another person in your family? 10% yes, respondent 10 yes, another person in family 2 yes, both 78 no [56-69: demographic questions] - 26 - PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY Advisory Committee Mitchel Benson Director of Communications California Treasurer Phil Angelides Angela Blackwell President PolicyLink Paul Brest President The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Mollyann Brodie Vice President Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Director Institute of Governmental Studies University of California, Berkeley James E. Canales President The James Irvine Foundation Matt Fong Chairman Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation Advisory Committee William Hauck President California Business Roundtable Dennis A. Hunt Vice President Communications and Public Affairs The California Endowment Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Senior Scholar School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Carol S. Larson President and CEO The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Monica Lozano Publisher and CEO La Opinión Donna Lucas Deputy Chief of Staff Office of Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Max Neiman Professor Political Science Department University of California, Riverside Dan Rosenheim News Director KPIX-TV Carol Stogsdill President Stogsdill Consulting Cathy Taylor Vice President and Editorial Commentary Director Orange County Register Raymond L. Watson Vice Chairman of the Board Emeritus The Irvine Company Carol Whiteside President Great Valley Center - 27 - PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA Board of Directors Cheryl White Mason, Chair Chief, Civil Liability Management Los Angeles City Attorney’s Office Edward K. Hamilton Chairman Hamilton, Rabinovitz & Alschuler, Inc. Gary K. Hart Founder Institute for Education Reform California State University, Sacramento Walter B. Hewlett Director Center for Computer Assisted Research in the Humanities David W. Lyon President and CEO Public Policy Institute of California Arjay Miller Dean Emeritus Graduate School of Business Stanford University Ki Suh Park Design and Managing Partner Gruen Associates Constance L. Rice Co-Director The Advancement Project Thomas C. Sutton Chairman & CEO Pacific Life Insurance Company Raymond L. Watson Vice Chairman of the Board Emeritus The Irvine Company Carol Whiteside President Great Valley Center Advisory Council Mary C. Daly Research Advisor Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Clifford W. Graves General Manager Department of Community Development City of Los Angeles Elizabeth G. Hill Legislative Analyst State of California Hilary W. Hoynes Associate Professor Department of Economics University of California, Davis Andrés E. Jiménez Director California Policy Research Center University of California Office of the President Norman R. King Executive Director San Bernardino Associated Governments Daniel A. Mazmanian C. Erwin and Ione Piper Dean and Professor School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Dean Misczynski Director California Research Bureau Rudolf Nothenberg Chief Administrative Officer (Retired) City and County of San Francisco Manuel Pastor Professor, Latin American & Latino Studies University of California, Santa Cruz Peter Schrag Contributing Editor The Sacramento Bee James P. Smith Senior Economist RAND Corporation PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 800 San Francisco, California 94111 Phone: (415) 291-4400 Fax: (415) 291-4401 www.ppic.org info@ppic.org" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:37:33" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(8) "s_904mbs" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:37:33" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:37:33" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["guid"]=> string(50) "http://148.62.4.17/wp-content/uploads/S_904MBS.pdf" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_mime_type"]=> string(15) "application/pdf" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" ["status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["attachment_authors"]=> bool(false) }