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object(Timber\Post)#3711 (44) { ["ImageClass"]=> string(12) "Timber\Image" ["PostClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Post" ["TermClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Term" ["object_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["custom"]=> array(5) { ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(12) "S_908MBS.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(7) "1902235" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(90184) "september 2008 &Californians their government in collaboration with The James Irvine Foundation Mark Baldassare Dean Bonner Jennifer Paluch Sonja Petek The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research on major economic, social, and political issues. The institute’s goal is to raise public awareness and to give elected representatives and other decisionmakers a more informed basis for developing policies and programs. The institute’s research focuses on the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public policy concerns, including economic development, education, environment and resources, governance, population, public finance, and social and health policy. PPIC is a private, nonprofit organization. It does not take or support positions on any ballot measures or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. PPIC was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. Mark Baldassare is President and Chief Executive Officer of PPIC. Thomas C. Sutton is Chair of the Board of Directors. PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, California 94111 phone: 415.291.4400 fax: 415.291.4401 PPIC Sacramento Center Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, California 95814 phone: 916.440.1120 fax: 916.440.1121 www.ppic.org survey@ppic.org TABLE OF CONTENTS About the Survey Press Release November 2008 Election State and National Issues Regional Map Methodology Questionnaire and Results 1 3 7 15 24 25 27 ABOUT THE SURVEY The PPIC Statewide Survey provides policymakers, the media, and the general public with objective, advocacy-free information on the perceptions, opinions, and public policy preferences of California residents. Inaugurated in April 1998, this is the 90th PPIC Statewide Survey in a series that has generated a database that includes the responses of more than 192,000 Californians. This survey is the 31st in the Californians and Their Government series, which periodically examines the social, economic, and political trends that influence public policy preferences and ballot choices. The series is currently supported with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. This survey seeks to raise public awareness, inform decisionmakers, and stimulate public discussion about state and national issues and the November general election. The context for this survey includes a presidential campaign, a downturn in the national economy, and the state budget standoff. Through analysis of likely voters, we examine issues in the fall general election, including the presidential race and three of the state propositions on the November ballot. The survey also examines Californians’ opinions of state and national issues, including their overall outlook on the state and economic conditions, perceptions of elected officials who represent them in Sacramento and Washington, perceptions and policy preferences regarding the state budget, general attitudes towards the citizens’ initiative process, attitudes toward the workings of the twoparty system, and overall importance of and enthusiasm about the 2008 presidential election. This report presents the responses of 2,002 California adult residents, including 1,157 likely voters, on these specific topics: „ The November election, including preferences in the presidential election and satisfaction with the choice of candidates; importance of candidates’ debate performances and preferences about what issues should be included in the debates; candidate preferences for handling specific policy issues; attention to news about the presidential candidates; support for and perceived importance of Proposition 4 (parental notification of a minor child’s abortion) and Proposition 8 (eliminating same-sex couples’ right to marry); and support for Proposition 11 (redistricting reform) and perceptions of the need for changes in the redistricting process. „ State and national issues, including the current direction of the state and future economic outlook, approval ratings for Governor Schwarzenegger, the California Legislature, and respondents’ own state legislative representatives; approval ratings for President Bush, the U.S. Congress, Senators Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, and respondents’ own congressional representatives; the general direction and economic outlook for the state; attitudes toward the state budget; perceptions of the citizens’ initiative process; and attitudes towards the major political parties and the presidential election. „ The extent to which Californians—based on their political party affiliation, region of residence, race/ethnicity, and other demographics—may differ with regard to perceptions, attitudes, and preferences involving the November election ballot and state and national issues. Copies of this report may be ordered online (www.ppic.org) or by phone (415-291-4400). For questions about the survey, please contact survey@ppic.org. View our searchable PPIC Statewide Survey database online at http://www.ppic.org/main/survAdvancedSearch.asp. 1 PRESS RELEASE Para ver este comunicado de prensa en español, por favor visite nuestra página de internet: http://www.ppic.org/main/pressreleaseindex.asp PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY: CALIFORNIANS AND THEIR GOVERNMENT Obama Holds 10-Point Lead in California, But Debates Loom Large ELECTORATE ENGAGED, WORRIED ABOUT ECONOMY – PALIN ENERGIZES GOP BUT FAILS TO CHANGE THE RACE SAN FRANCISCO, California, September 24, 2008 — California’s likely voters prefer the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joseph Biden to Republican contenders John McCain and Sarah Palin by 10 points, but they’ll be watching closely to see how the candidates perform in a series of televised debates before marking their ballots. Eight in 10 say the debates will be very important (38%) or somewhat important (41%) in deciding who gets their votes, according to a statewide survey released today by the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. What do they want to hear the candidates debate? The economy leads the list. Despite a month of high-profile activity that included the party conventions and selection of vice presidential candidates, the Democratic contenders’ lead (50% to 40%) over the Republicans among California’s likely voters is nearly identical to what it was in August (48% to 39%). Widely viewed as a move to win over women voters, McCain’s addition of Palin to the GOP ticket has shifted few votes to the Republicans. Female likely voters, who supported the Democratic ticket by 21 points last month (53% to 32%), support it by 20 points today (56% to 36%). Democrats and Republicans support their respective party’s tickets in overwhelming numbers, while independents back Obama-Biden over McCain-Palin, 53 percent to 35 percent. Latino likely voters favor Obama-Biden (57% to 30%), but their support for the Democratic ticket has dropped substantially since August (71% to 16%). As the campaign enters its final weeks, a majority of California’s likely voters (65%) say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting. They are happier with their choices than they were a month ago (64% today, 48% in August), with Republicans registering the sharpest increase in satisfaction (67% today, 35% in August). Democrats’ satisfaction is also higher (74% today, 68% in August). “The selection of Governor Palin dramatically increased the enthusiasm of California Republicans for their ticket, but it does not look like it will change many votes,” says Mark Baldassare, PPIC president and CEO. “Californians are loyal to their parties in this race, but they still hope to learn more from the debates. They are worried about the economy, upset with leaders at all levels of government, and want to hear the presidential candidates’ plans to change the course.” VOTERS RANK ECONOMY AS TOP ISSUE FOR DEBATES With Wall Street in turmoil, likely voters across political and demographic groups most frequently name the economy as the issue they most want to hear the candidates debate. Four in 10 (40%) mention the economy, followed by the war in Iraq (12%), immigration (7%), and health care (6%). When asked which candidate would do a better job handling key issues … ƒ Likely voters prefer Obama to McCain on the economy (53% to 37%), health care (57% to 29%), and energy policy (51% to 38%). ƒ They prefer McCain to Obama on foreign policy (51% to 43%). 3 Californians and Their Government ƒ They are more divided on who would better handle the war in Iraq (49% Obama, 44% McCain) and immigration (42% Obama, 40% McCain). Views on these issues are divided along partisan lines, with most voters believing their party’s candidate is the one for the job. Among independent likely voters … ƒ A majority prefer Obama to McCain on health care (59% to 25%), the economy (50% to 39%), and energy policy (55% to 35%). ƒ They prefer McCain on foreign policy (53% to 36%). ƒ They are divided over who they would prefer to handle the war in Iraq (48% Obama, 46% McCain) and immigration (40% Obama, 39% McCain). Regardless of their partisan leanings, Californians view the presidential election as crucial for the course of the nation. Most likely voters (79%) say that in making progress on important issues, it really matters who wins. With stakes this high in voters’ minds, it’s no surprise that nine in 10 are following news of the campaign very closely (52%) or somewhat closely (39%). STATE BAN ON GAY MARRIAGE LOSING, RESTRICTIONS ON TEEN ABORTION WINNING When it comes to the state ballot, a majority of likely voters oppose Proposition 8 (55% no, 41% yes), the constitutional amendment that would eliminate same-sex marriage in California. The overall percentages have held steady since August (54% no, 40% yes), but there have been shifts among voter groups. More Democrats plan to vote no on the measure (71% today, 66% in August), and more independents plan to vote yes (42% today, 36% in August). Eight in 10 likely voters say the outcome of this measure is very important (54%) or somewhat important (26%) to them, with those who plan to vote yes (62%) more likely than those voting against it (51%) to say the results are very important. Almost half of likely voters back Proposition 4 (48% yes, 41% no), the constitutional amendment that would require a parent to be notified at least 48 hours before a minor child has an abortion. They were more closely divided in August (47% yes, 44% no). Voters defeated similar measures in 2005 and 2006. Proposition 11, which would take the authority to draw legislative district lines from elected officials and give it to a commission of registered voters, has failed to rally a majority in favor or against it. Likely voters are as divided (38% yes, 33% no, 29% undecided) as they were in August (39% yes, 36% no, 25% undecided). Support for the measure has increased among Democrats by 5 points and dropped among independents by 10 points. However, divisions on this measure do not indicate support for the current redistricting process: About seven in 10 likely voters (69%) think it needs to be changed. 4 PPIC Statewide Survey Press Release IN WAKE OF BUDGET STANDOFF, SUPPORT GROWS TO LOWER TWO-THIRDS THRESHOLD At the time of this survey, the state budget standoff had entered its fourth month, and Californians’ frustration with the process was reflected in their changing views about structural reform. Three in four (76%) say major changes are needed in the budget process – an increase of 11 points since May, when the governor released his revised budget. Nearly half (49%) think it would be a good idea to lower the threshold for passing the budget from two-thirds to a 55 percent majority of the state legislature. This proposal, which was defeated at the polls in 2004, is opposed by only 37 percent of the state’s residents. A year ago, nearly half (46%) thought this change was a bad idea, and only 44 percent thought it was a good idea. A majority (62%) say it would be a good idea to strictly limit the amount of state spending increases allowed each year, while less than a third (31%) consider it a bad idea. APPROVAL RATINGS FOR STATE LEGISLATURE, BUSH SINK TO NEW LOWS Against the backdrop of a worsening economy and the longest budget impasse in state history, Californians are feeling grim about the future and dissatisfied with many of their state and national leaders. A record-high 44 percent of adults say that jobs and the economy are the top issues facing the state. This is true across all party and demographic groups, although Democrats (47%) and independents (44%) are more likely than Republicans (36%) to hold this view. Nearly seven in 10 Californians (68%) expect bad times financially in the year ahead. About half say the current housing situation in California will hurt their finances a great deal (31%) or somewhat (21%). The perception that the state is going in the wrong direction is widely held (68%). While this negative view has changed little since last month, it has grown by 18 points in the last year. Californians are pessimistic about their elected leaders’ ability to handle the challenges: ƒ State legislature gets record low rating: Only one in five Californians (21%) approve of the job the legislature is doing, a decline of 5 points since last month. ƒ Constituents give their own legislators low marks: Only one in three residents (34%) approve of the job their own state senator and assembly member are doing, an 8-point drop since March and a 7-point drop from a year ago. ƒ Governor fares slightly better: Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger’s 38 percent approval rating has held steady from last month but is still 12 points lower than a year ago. ƒ President Bush’s approval drops to new low: Among Californians, the president’s approval rating is 23 percent, a slightly more negative assessment than he received in a recent CBS News/New York Times national poll (27% approval). ƒ Congress’ job approval rating slips: Congress’ 29 percent approval rating is about the same as last month, but 4 points lower than in March. ƒ Congressional representatives rated higher: The state’s residents give higher approval ratings to their own Congressional representative (49%) and to Senator Dianne Feinstein (48%), Senator Barbara Boxer (44%), and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (40%). September 2008 5 Californians and Their Government MORE KEY FINDINGS: How Californians would have balanced the budget – Page 20 As they have since January, a plurality of residents (43%) favor a mix of spending cuts and tax increases, while fewer (36%) favor balancing the budget mainly through cuts and fewer still (7%) prefer tax hikes alone or borrowing money and running a deficit (5%). But they are deeply divided along party lines in their preferences. Residents conflicted over the initiative process – Page 21 As they get ready to vote on a state ballot that includes 12 propositions—10 of them citizens’ initiatives—Californians say the process is flawed and that there are too many initiatives on the ballot and that they’re too complicated. However, 38 percent say initiatives should be the guiding force in determining policy, while 32 percent choose the legislature and 20 percent prefer the governor. Many say a third political party is needed – Page 22 Despite their views that there are important differences between the two major parties, a slim majority of Californians (52%) say that the nation needs a third political party. Republicans are much less likely than they were four years ago to say that the two major parties are doing an adequate job. ABOUT THE SURVEY This survey is the 31st in the Californians and Their Government series and is supported with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. It seeks to raise public awareness, inform decisionmakers, and stimulate public discussion on state and national issues and the November general election. This is the 90th PPIC Statewide Survey in a series that has generated a database that includes the responses of more than 192,000 Californians. Findings are based on a telephone survey of 2,002 California adult residents interviewed from September 9–16, 2008. Interviews were conducted in English or Spanish. The sampling error for the total sample is +/- 2% and for the 1,157 likely voters is +/- 3%. For more information on methodology, see page 25. Mark Baldassare is president and CEO of PPIC, where he holds the Arjay and Frances Fearing Miller Chair in Public Policy. He is founder of the PPIC Statewide Survey, which he has directed since 1998. PPIC is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research on major economic, social, and political issues. The institute was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. PPIC does not take or support positions on any ballot measure or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. This report will appear on PPIC’s website (www.ppic.org) after 10 p.m. PDT on September 24. ### 6 PPIC Statewide Survey NOVEMBER 2008 ELECTION KEY FINDINGS „ Among California’s likely voters, the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Biden leads the Republican ticket of John McCain and Sarah Palin (50% to 40%) in the presidential race—a lead similar to last month, before running mates were chosen. Nearly two in three likely voters are satisfied with their choice of candidates in the presidential election, up sharply from last month, with independents the least satisfied with their choices. (page 8) „ Sixty-five percent of likely voters say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting this year. Eight in 10 likely voters say candidates’ debate performances are important in deciding their vote in the presidential election (38% very, 41% somewhat). Among likely voters, the top debate issue is the economy. (pages 9, 10) „ Regardless of their choice for president, likely voters think Obama would do a better job of handling health care, jobs and the economy, and energy policy, but that McCain would better handle foreign policy. Likely voters are divided over who they think would do a better job handling immigration and the situation in Iraq. (pages 10, 11) „ Likely voters are more inclined to vote yes than no on Proposition 4, a constitutional amendment requiring parental notification before termination of a minor’s pregnancy (48% yes, 41% no, 11% don’t know). More would vote no than yes on Proposition 8, a constitutional amendment that would ban same-sex marriage (41% yes, 55% no, 4% don’t know). Likely voters are divided, with many undecided, on Proposition 11, which would give redistricting authority to a citizens’ commission (38% yes, 33% no, 29% don’t know). (pages 12–14) Presidential Election 60 54 49 50 50 Obama-Biden McCain-Palin 48 50 Percent likely voters 40 40 30 37 39 35 40 20 10 0 Mar May Jul Aug Sep 08 08 08 08 08 Percent likely voters Percent Following News About Presidential Candidates "Very Closely" 60 50 50 52 47 40 42 39 30 20 10 0 Mar May Jul Aug Sep 08 08 08 08 08 Percent Who Would Vote "Yes" on Propositions August 08 60 September 08 50 47 48 40 40 41 39 38 Percent likely voters 30 20 10 0 Prop 4 Prop 8 Prop 11 Parental Eliminating Redistricting Notification Same-Sex Marriage 7 Californians and Their Government 2008 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION In this year’s presidential race, California’s likely voters support the Obama-Biden Democratic ticket by a 10-point margin over the McCain-Palin Republican ticket (50% to 40%). The Democrats’ lead is nearly identical to that found in PPIC’s August survey (48% Obama, 39% McCain), despite a flurry of campaign activity since that time—including the national nominating conventions and the announcement of running mates. While registered voters in California give the edge to Obama-Biden, registered voters nationwide are more closely divided, according to several recent national surveys. California’s likely voters are loyal to their parties in this race, with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting the Obama-Biden ticket (84%) and nearly the same percentage of Republicans backing McCain-Palin (83%). Support for the GOP ticket has increased 6 points among Republican likely voters since August. Among independent likely voters, Obama-Biden leads McCain-Palin by 18 points (53% to 35%). The announcement of Sarah Palin as John McCain’s running mate seems to have had little effect on female likely voters in California. In August, women supported Obama over McCain by 21 points (53% to 32%) and today they support the Obama-Biden ticket over the McCain-Palin ticket by 20 points (56% to 36%). Among Latino likely voters today, Obama-Biden leads McCain-Palin (57% to 30%), but the Democratic advantage has dropped substantially since August, when Obama led McCain by a more than four-to-one margin (71% to 16%). Both male likely voters and white likely voters continue to be divided today. Among self-described evangelical Christians, 59 percent support the McCain-Palin ticket, an increase of 6 points since August. “If the November 4th presidential election were being held today, would you vote for the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Biden or the Republican ticket of John McCain and Sarah Palin?” Likely voters only Obama-Biden McCain-Palin Someone else Don’t know All Likely Voters 50% 40% 3% 7% Democrat 84 10 1 5 Party Republican 9 83 1 7 Independent 53 35 4 8 Gender Men Women 44 43 56 36 5 1 8 7 Race/Ethnicity Latinos Whites 57 30 1 12 44 46 3 7 While overall candidate preferences have changed little in the last month, voters’ satisfaction with their candidate choices has climbed (48% August to 64% today). The most dramatic shift in the last month occurred among Republicans. In August, just 35 percent of Republicans expressed satisfaction, while 64 percent were unhappy. Today, the reverse is true: 67 percent are satisfied and 31 percent are not. Meanwhile, independents are divided (49% satisfied, 47% not satisfied). Latino likely voters are much more likely to say they are satisfied today (64%) than they were in August (51%). “In general, would you say you are satisfied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the election for U.S. President on November 4th?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Satisfied 64% 74% 67% 49% Not satisfied 32 25 31 47 Don’t know 4 124 Latinos 64% 35 1 8 PPIC Statewide Survey November 2008 Election 2008 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION (CONTINUED) California voters have been asked to go to the polls frequently in recent years—the November 4th election will mark the 11th statewide election since 2002. Nevertheless, voters turned out in record numbers for February’s presidential primary, and interest in the November 4th election is high: In our current survey, two in three likely voters (65%) say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting in this election. Just 20 percent are less enthusiastic and 14 percent volunteer that their enthusiasm is the same. Democratic likely voters (76%) are the most apt to say they are more enthusiastic than usual, followed by Republican (62%) and independent likely voters (53%). Likely voters supporting the Obama-Biden ticket (76%) are much more likely to express enthusiasm than those supporting the McCain-Palin ticket (59%). Sixty-three percent of both Latino and white likely voters say they are more enthusiastic about voting in this election, while women express more enthusiasm than men (69% to 60%). At least six in 10 likely voters across age groups and regions say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting, with middle-aged voters (68%) and San Francisco Bay Area (70%) and Los Angeles (66%) voters the most likely to express this view. “Thinking about the presidential election that will be held this November, are you more enthusiastic about voting than usual, or less enthusiastic?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind More enthusiastic 65% 76% 62% 53% Less enthusiastic 20 13 20 35 Same (volunteered) 14 10 16 12 Don’t know 1 1 2— Latinos 63% 24 13 — Between September 26th and October 15th, four national televised debates will be held—three between presidential candidates John McCain and Barack Obama and one between vice-presidential candidates Sarah Palin and Joe Biden. Eight in 10 likely voters say the candidates’ performances will be very (38%) or somewhat important (41%) in deciding how they vote. Democrats (43%) are more likely than Republicans (36%) or independents (32%) to say that debate performances will be very important in their voting decision. Similarly, 43 percent of Obama-Biden voters consider the debates very important to them, compared to 35 percent of McCain-Palin voters. Latinos (54%) are far more likely than whites (33%) to hold this view. Women place more importance on the debates than men (43% to 33%). “In deciding who to vote for in the November 4th presidential election, how important to you are the candidates’ performances in public debates?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Very important 38% 43% 36% 32% Somewhat important 41 38 41 47 Not too important 13 12 14 16 Not at all important 7 573 Don’t know 1 222 Latinos 54% 37 7 1 1 September 2008 9 Californians and Their Government ISSUES AND CANDIDATE RANKINGS When it comes to the actual content of the presidential debates, in an open-ended question, four in 10 likely voters offer that they would most like to hear the candidates discuss the economy (40%). Far fewer name the war in Iraq (12%), immigration (7%), or health care (6%). In the 2004 presidential race, the economy also topped the list of issues voters wanted to hear about in debates, although fewer named it (30%). Then, voters more frequently mentioned the war in Iraq (19%) and health care (12%). The 2000 race between Republicans Bush-Cheney and Democrats Gore-Lieberman reflected better economic times. Then, likely voters most wanted to hear about schools and education (19%), followed by health care (15%), Social Security and Medicare (14%), and taxes (11%). Just 5 percent named the economy. Today, the economy tops the list across political groups (47% independents, 46% Democrats, 33% Republicans) and all demographic groups. In the debates, Democrats and independents are more likely than Republicans to want to hear about the war in Iraq, while Republicans are more likely to say immigration should be discussed. Obama-Biden voters are more likely than McCain-Palin voters to say candidates should debate economic issues (46% to 32%) and the Iraq war (16% to 8%), while McCainPalin voters are more likely to want to hear about immigration (11% to 4%). Latinos are twice as likely as whites (12% to 6%) to say they are interested in hearing about immigration in the debates. Young voters (37%) are nearly as likely as others to mention the economy, but are more likely than others to say gay rights and same-sex marriage (9%) should be discussed in the debates. “Which one issue would you most like to hear the presidential candidates talk about during the presidential debates?” Top four issues mentioned Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Economy 40% 46% 33% 47% War in Iraq 12 15 9 13 Immigration, illegal immigration 7 4 11 5 Health care, health costs 6 737 Latinos 39% 13 12 4 When asked which presidential candidate would do a better job of handling these top issues, likely voters are more apt to name Barack Obama over John McCain on jobs and the economy (53% to 37%) and health care (57% to 29%). They are divided over who could better handle the war in Iraq (49% Obama, 44% McCain) and immigration (42% Obama, 40% McCain). On who would best handle jobs and the economy, most Democratic likely voters (83%) name Obama, while most Republicans (70%) back McCain. Independents are more likely to say Obama (50%) than McCain (39%). Of likely voters supporting the Obama-Biden ticket, 90 percent trust Obama to handle the economy; of those supporting the McCain-Palin ticket, 79 percent trust McCain. And of those who want the candidates to debate the economy, 59 percent believe Obama could better handle this issue. Women are more likely to pick Obama (58%), while men are more divided (47% Obama, 42% McCain). When it comes to handling the war in Iraq, a strong majority of Republican likely voters (84%) believe McCain is the candidate for the job; Democrats also fall along party lines (79% Obama). Independents are divided over this issue (48% Obama, 46% McCain). A vast majority of Obama-Biden voters (87%) name Obama and more than nine in 10 McCain-Palin voters (93%) name McCain. Men are divided (48% McCain, 46% Obama), while women favor Obama over McCain (51% Obama, 41% McCain). Likely voters are divided over who would best handle immigration, with 68 percent of Democrats saying Obama and 71 percent of Republicans naming McCain. Independents are split (40% Obama, 39% McCain). 10 PPIC Statewide Survey November 2008 Election ISSUES AND CANDIDATE RANKINGS (CONTINUED) Three in four Obama-Biden voters (74%) say Obama would do the better job on immigration and three in four McCain-Palin voters (75%) say McCain would. Latinos are twice as likely to name Obama (53% to 26%). Obama has the largest lead over McCain on the issue of health care (57% to 29%). While most partisan voters support their party’s candidate (82% of Democrats trust Obama, 60% of Republicans trust McCain), 23 percent of Republicans think Obama could do a better job than McCain on this issue. Independents think Obama would do a better job than McCain by a wide margin (59% to 25%). Eightyeight percent of Obama-Biden voters support Obama on health care, compared to the 66 percent of McCain-Palin voters who support McCain on this issue. Majorities of women and men pick Obama. "Regardless of your choice for president, which of these candidates would do a better job on…?” Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Latinos Ind John McCain 37% 10% 70% 39% 27% …jobs and the economy Barack Obama Other 53 83 17 50 62 1 1 2—2 Don't know 9 6 11 11 9 John McCain 44 16 84 46 37 …the situation in Iraq Barack Obama Other 49 79 12 48 56 21131 Don't know 54336 John McCain 40 15 71 39 26 …immigration Barack Obama Other 42 68 12 40 53 22323 Don't know 16 15 14 19 18 John McCain 29 9 60 25 23 …health care Barack Obama Other 57 82 23 59 64 31232 Don't know 11 8 15 13 11 When it comes to handling energy policy, Obama has a 13-point edge over McCain (51% to 38%) among California’s likely voters. Support falls along partisan lines: Most Democrats (77%) name Obama and most Republicans (74%) support McCain. Independents back Obama over McCain by 20 points (55% to 35%). Of six issues addressed, McCain only has an edge over Obama on handling foreign policy (51% to 43%). Eighty-eight percent of Republicans back McCain in this area, while 74 percent of Democrats support Obama. But 21 percent of Democrats think McCain could better handle foreign policy. Independents favor McCain over Obama by a wide margin (53% to 36%) on this issue. With the election just over a month away, nine in 10 voters are following news about the election very (52%) or somewhat closely (39%). The percentage following news very closely increased 13 points since our August survey (39%), just before the party conventions. More than half of Democrats (56%) and Republicans (52%) are following news very closely, compared to 44 percent of independents. The percentage following news very closely increases with age, education, and income. At least half of both Obama-Biden (56%) and McCain-Palin (51%) supporters are very closely following election news. September 2008 11 Californians and Their Government PROPOSITION 4: PARENTAL NOTIFICATION Almost half of likely voters support Proposition 4 (48% yes, 41% no), a citizens’ initiative that would amend the state constitution to prohibit the termination of an unemancipated minor’s pregnancy until 48 hours after the notification of her parent or guardian. One in 10 likely voters are undecided. In August, likely voters were more closely divided (47% yes, 44% no). In 2005 and 2006, California voters rejected similar propositions (2005: 47% yes, 53% no; 2006: 46% yes, 54% no). Across parties, Republicans (67%) are the most likely to favor this initiative, and their support has increased by 5 points since August. Fifty-three percent of Democrats are opposed, while independents are divided (48% yes, 44% no)—findings similar to August. Among likely voters, a strong majority of evangelical Christians (69%) support Proposition 4, while others are more likely to oppose it (48% no, 40% yes). Likely voters with children aged 18 or younger (51% yes, 40% no) are more likely than those without children (46% yes, 42% no) to support Proposition 4. Women and men express similar levels of support, while Latinos are more likely than whites to say they would vote yes. “Proposition 4 is called the ‘Waiting Period and Parental Notification Before Termination of Minor’s Pregnancy Initiative Constitutional Amendment.’ If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 4?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All Likely Voters 48% 41% 11% Democrat 36 53 11 Party Republican 67 22 11 Independent 48 44 8 Gender Men Women 49 41 10 46 41 13 Parents of children under 18 Yes No 51 40 9 46 42 12 Race/Ethnicity Latinos Whites 54 39 7 48 42 10 *For complete text of proposition question, see p. 29. As in August, eight in 10 likely voters—including at least three in four across party groups—say the outcome of the vote on Proposition 4 is important to them. Independents (42%) are less likely than Democrats (49%) and Republicans (50%) to call it very important. The outcome is more likely to be considered very important by supporters (54%) than opponents (44%). Among likely voters, women (56%) are much more likely than men (39%), Latinos (55%) are more likely than whites (44%), and those with children (56%) are more likely than those without children (43%) to say the outcome is very important. “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 4?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Vote on Proposition 4 Yes No Very important 47% 49% 50% 42% 54% 44% Somewhat important 32 33 32 34 32 34 Not too important 12 13 10 15 12 14 Not at all important 5 336 1 7 Don’t know 4 253 1 1 12 PPIC Statewide Survey November 2008 Election PROPOSITION 8: SAME-SEX MARRIAGE A majority of California likely voters oppose Proposition 8 (55% no, 41% yes), which would amend the state constitution to eliminate the right of same-sex couples to marry, and would recognize marriage between a man and a woman only as valid in California. This is a turnaround from 2000, when California voters approved by a wide margin (61% to 39%) a ballot initiative that prevented the state from recognizing same-sex marriages. After a recent California Supreme Court decision that found the same-sex marriage ban unconstitutional, Proposition 8 qualified for the November ballot. Today, 62 percent of Republicans are in favor of Proposition 8, while seven in 10 Democrats (71%) and about half of independents (53%) are opposed. While overall support is similar to August (40% yes, 54% no), the no vote for Democrats has increased 5 points, and the yes vote for independents has increased 6 points. Self-described conservatives (67%) are far more likely than liberals (17%) to vote yes on Proposition 8, while moderates are more likely to say they would vote no (57%) than yes (35%). Less than half of voters across regions would vote yes, with support highest in the Other Southern California region (49%) and opposition highest in the San Francisco Bay Area (66%). Likely voters who have never been married (61% no) are more likely to oppose this initiative than those who are married (52% no). Opposition is greater among whites than Latinos (56% to 50%). Men and women are similar in their opposition. Evangelicals are as likely to vote yes (64%) as others are to vote no (63%). “Proposition 8 is called the ‘Eliminates Right of Same-Sex Couples to Marry Initiative Constitutional Amendment.’ If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 8?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All Likely Voters 41% 55% 4% Party Democrat Republican 25 71 62 34 4 4 Independent 42 53 5 Gender Men Women 43 53 39 56 4 5 Race/Ethnicity Latinos Whites 46 50 41 56 4 3 *For complete text of proposition question, see p. 30. Eight in 10 likely voters say the outcome of Proposition 8 is either very (54%) or somewhat (26%) important to them. More Republicans (57%) and Democrats (56%) than independents (44%) call it very important. Those who plan to vote yes (62%) are more likely than those who plan to vote no (51%) to say the outcome is very important. Since August, the proportion considering it very important has increased somewhat among likely voters (48% to 54%), Democrats and Republicans, and both yes and no voters. “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 8?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Vote on Proposition 8 Yes No Very important 54% 56% 57% 44% 62% 51% Somewhat important 26 23 23 30 24 27 Not too important 13 14 12 14 11 13 Not at all important 7 779 3 9 Don’t know — —1 3 — — September 2008 13 Californians and Their Government PROPOSITION 11: REDISTRICTING California’s likely voters today are divided on Proposition 11 (38% yes, 33% no, 29% undecided), an initiative constitutional amendment to take the authority to draw legislative districts away from elected officials and give it to a commission of registered voters. In 2005, a similar proposition, which would have given redistricting authority to a panel of retired judges, was rejected (40% yes, 60% no). While this proposition does not enjoy majority support within any political group today, Republicans (45%) are more likely than Democrats (36%) and independents (29%) to support it. Support today is similar to August (39% yes, 36% no), but the yes vote has increased by 5 points among Democrats and dropped by 10 points among independents. Fewer than half in all regions would vote yes. Whites (40%) are more likely than Latinos (34%) and men (42%) are more likely than women (35%) to say they would vote yes on Proposition 11. Support for Proposition 11 increases as age and education level rise. “Proposition 11 is called the ‘Redistricting Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute.’ If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 11?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All Likely Voters 38% 33% 29% Democrat 36 33 31 Party Republican 45 31 24 Independent 29 43 28 Gender Men Women 42 36 22 35 30 35 Race/Ethnicity Latinos Whites 34 39 27 40 31 29 *For complete text of proposition question, see p. 30. About seven in 10 likely voters (69%) think the redistricting process is in need of major (43%) or minor (26%) changes. This perception is the same as last month (69%) and just 4 points lower than last September (73%). Strong majorities in all parties say change is needed. Sixty-five percent or more across regions hold this view. Latinos are more likely than whites (76% to 67%) and men more likely than women (74% to 63%) to say that major or minor changes are needed to the redistricting process. Six in 10 of those who would vote yes on Proposition 11 believe that major changes are needed, compared to three in 10 who would vote no. Another three in 10 no voters think the process is fine the way it is. Of those likely voters who say major changes are needed, 56 percent would vote yes on Proposition 11. “Do you think the way the governor and legislature go about the redistricting process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or is it fine the way it is?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Vote on Proposition 11 Yes No Major changes 43% 43% 43% 37% 62% 31% Minor changes 26 27 28 27 25 29 Fine the way it is 16 15 14 19 7 30 Don’t know 15 15 15 17 6 10 14 PPIC Statewide Survey STATE AND NATIONAL ISSUES KEY FINDINGS „ A record percentage of Californians (44%) continue to name the economy as the most important issue facing the state. Nearly seven in 10 say the state is headed in the wrong direction, and that the next 12 months will bring bad economic times. Personally, 52 percent say the current housing situation will hurt their financial situation in the next year. (pages 16, 17) „ About four in 10 adults approve of the governor’s job performance, one in five approve of the state legislature, and one in three approve of their own state legislators. About one in four approve of the president’s job performance, and three in 10 approve of Congress. California’s two senators, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, and voters’ own representatives receive higher ratings. (pages 18, 19) „ About three in four adults say the state budget situation is a big problem and that major changes in the budget process are needed. Nearly half say that changing the vote requirement to pass a state budget from two-thirds to 55 percent is a good idea; six in 10 say strictly limiting state spending is a good idea. (page 20) „ Nearly two in three residents say changes are needed in the citizens’ initiative process (36% major, 28% minor); most agree there are too many propositions on the ballot and even more say the wording of initiatives is too complicated and confusing. (page 21) „ Most residents say there are important differences between the two major political parties; half say a major third party is needed. Strong majorities say they are more interested in politics this year than in 2004 and say it really matters who wins the 2008 presidential election. (pages 22, 23) Approval Ratings of State Elected Officials Percent all adults 80 Governor 59 61 60 60 Legislature 51 50 46 44 40 33 37 38 40 36 37 32 41 34 34 30 20 25 21 0 Jan Sep Jan Sep M ar Sep M ar Sep M ar Sep 04 04 05 05 06 06 07 07 08 08 Approval Ratings of Federal Elected Officials 60 50 44 48 40 40 Percent all adults 30 20 10 0 Senator Boxer Senator Feinstein Speaker Pelosi Percent all adults Change Budget Passage Vote from Two-thirds to 55 Percent Good idea Bad idea 60 50 46 47 46 48 46 48 49 40 43 45 42 43 44 42 30 37 20 10 0 Jun Jan May May Sep May Sep 03 05 06 07 07 08 08 15 Californians and Their Government OVERALL MOOD The economy is foremost on Californians’ minds today, as it has been throughout 2008. This month, a record high 44 percent name jobs and the economy as the most important issue facing the state. Similar to last month, only 9 percent say the state budget situation is the most important issue facing the state, despite a budget impasse of record duration. Fewer name education (6%), immigration (6%), gasoline prices (5%), or housing (5%). Since last September, mention of immigration has declined 12 points while mention of the economy has climbed 31 points. The economy is the top issue mentioned today across all political, regional, and demographic groups. Democrats (47%) and independents (44%) are more likely than Republicans (36%) to name jobs and the economy. Residents in Los Angeles (49%) are the most likely to name jobs and the economy, while those in the Central Valley (38%) are least likely. Latinos (56%) are far more likely than whites (37%) to name the economy, and mention of jobs and the economy decreases with increasing education and income. Whites (13%) are more likely than Latinos (3%) to name the state budget as the top issue, and the percentage naming the state budget increases with higher age, education, and income. “Thinking about the state as a whole, what do you think is the most important issue facing people in California today?” Top six issues mentioned All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind Jobs, economy 44% 47% 36% 44% State budget, deficit, taxes 9 10 12 11 Education, schools 6 845 Immigration, illegal immigration 6 2 12 5 Gasoline prices 5 565 Housing costs, availability 5 546 Likely Voters 41% 12 6 7 4 5 Californians continue to say that the state is headed in the wrong direction. Only one in five residents say California is going in the right direction, while 68 percent say it is going in the wrong direction. For a full year, at least half of Californians have said the state is headed in the wrong direction. This negative perception did not change from last month, but has increased 18 points since last September. Today, the view that the state is going in the wrong direction is widely held, and includes at least six in 10 across parties, regions, and demographic groups. Democrats (72%) and Republicans (68%) are somewhat more likely than independents (60%) to agree. Latinos are far more likely than whites (78% to 63%) and women are more likely than men (71% to 66%) to say the state is going in the wrong direction. “Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind Right direction 21% 19% 22% 27% 21% Wrong direction 68 72 68 60 67 Don’t know 11 9 10 13 12 16 PPIC Statewide Survey State and National Issues ECONOMIC OUTLOOK With 44 percent of Californians saying the economy is the most important issue facing the state today, nearly seven in 10 residents (68%) say that they expect bad times financially during the next 12 months in California. The current negative outlook is similar to last month (71%) and 9 points higher than last September. Today, at least six in 10 across all parties, regions, and demographic groups think that during the next 12 months California can expect bad times financially. Democrats (75%) and independents (70%) are more likely than Republicans (62%) to hold this view. Renters and homeowners alike are equally pessimistic in their outlook for the state (69% each). The perception that bad times can be expected increases with higher income and education levels. All Adults Homeownership Region Annual income Likely Voters “Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times?” Good times Bad times 20% 68% Own Rent 18 69 23 69 Central Valley San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles 21 18 19 65 70 71 Other Southern California 23 66 Under $40,000 24 66 $40,000 to $79,999 22 67 $80,000 or more 17 73 17 72 Don't know 12% 13 8 14 12 10 11 10 11 10 11 With the economy on Californians’ minds and with the credit crisis affecting many residents, do Californians think the current housing situation will hurt their personal financial situation in the next year or so? About half of Californians say the situation will hurt their financial situation a great deal (31%) or somewhat (21%), while 44 percent say it will not. These perceptions were similar in December 2007 (28% great deal, 24% somewhat, 45% no). While there is a shared pessimism across parties about many economic issues, housing is not one of them. Democrats (54%) and independents (53%) are far more likely than Republicans (37%) to say that the housing situation will hurt their financial situation. This perception is higher among renters than homeowners, and decreases with higher age, education, and income. Yes, a great deal Yes, only somewhat No Don't know “Do you think the current housing situation in California will hurt your financial situation in the next year or so, or not?” All Adults 31% Under $40,000 43% Annual Income $40,000 to $79,999 28% $80,000 or more 21% Homeownership Own Rent 26% 39% 21 22 19 22 22 21 44 31 50 55 50 36 44 3 2 24 September 2008 17 Californians and Their Government STATE ELECTED OFFICIALS’ APPROVAL RATINGS Californians’ pessimism about the direction of the state and its economy and their frustration over a late state budget are reflected in their ratings of state leadership. Governor Schwarzenegger’s approval rating of 38 percent today holds steady from last month, but is 12 points lower than a year ago (50% approve, 38% disapprove). Across political parties, half of Republicans (53%) approve of the governor, while 61 percent of Democrats disapprove. Independents are divided (45% approve, 49% disapprove). Likely voters are slightly more approving than Californians overall in their assessment of the governor (42%). Across regions, residents in Los Angeles (64%) are the most likely to disapprove, followed by residents in the Other Southern California region (55%), San Francisco Bay Area (49%), and Central Valley (48%). Latinos (73%) are far more likely than whites (44%) to disapprove of the governor’s job performance. Governor Schwarzenegger’s approval ratings increase with higher age, education, and income. The state legislature fares much worse than the governor, recording a new low in its job approval rating, with just 21 percent of residents and 16 percent of likely voters approving of legislators’ job performance. In the past month, their approval rating has slid 5 points among residents (26% to 21%) and 4 points among likely voters (20% to 16%). The legislature has received majority disapproval ratings since the beginning of the year. Today, solid majorities across regional, political, and demographic groups disapprove of the legislature’s job performance. Whites (73%) are much more likely to disapprove of the legislature than Latinos (59%) and men (71%) are somewhat more likely than women (63%) to disapprove. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that…” All Adults Dem Party Rep … Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling his job as governor of California? Approve Disapprove Don't know 38% 33% 53% 55 61 39 768 … the California Legislature is handling its job? Approve Disapprove Don't know 21 21 13 67 68 79 12 11 8 Likely Voters Ind 45% 42% 49 51 67 21 16 70 76 98 Half of residents (50%) and likely voters (52%) today disapprove of the job their own state senate and assembly representatives are doing, and about one in three residents (34%) and likely voters (35%) approve. Since March, their approval ratings have declined 8 points among both residents (42% to 34%) and likely voters (43% to 35%). In September 2007, Californians were evenly divided (41% approve, 40% disapprove) in their assessments of the job performance of their own state legislators. Across parties today, Republicans (57%) are more likely to disapprove than independents (50%) and Democrats (47%). Across regions, Central Valley residents (54%) are the most likely to disapprove, followed by residents in Los Angeles (50%), the San Francisco Bay Area, and the Other Southern California region (47% each). Approve Disapprove Don't know “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the job that the state legislators representing your assembly and senate districts are doing at this time?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind 34% 37% 29% 39% 50 47 57 50 16 16 14 11 Likely Voters 35% 52 13 18 PPIC Statewide Survey State and National Issues FEDERAL ELECTED OFFICIALS’ APPROVAL RATINGS President Bush reaches a new low job approval rating among Californians this month (23% approve, 74% disapprove). Likely voters (28%) are somewhat more approving of the president. Although 59 percent of Republicans approve of Bush’s job performance, 80 percent of independents and 92 percent of Democrats disapprove. Californians today are only somewhat more negative in their assessments of the president than adults nationwide, according to a recent CBS News/New York Times poll (27% approve, 68% disapprove). Strong majorities across regions and demographic groups disapprove of the president’s job performance, with San Francisco Bay Area residents (84%), Latinos (83%), and residents under 35 (85%) among the most likely to express disapproval. The U.S. Congress also receives low marks from residents this month (29% approve, 63% disapprove). Findings today are similar to last month’s, but residents today are somewhat more disapproving than in March (33% approve, 55% disapprove) and last September (33% approve, 57% disapprove). Today across political parties, Republicans (77%) are much more disapproving of Congress than independents (64%) and Democrats (54%). At least six in 10 across regions disapprove of the job the U.S. Congress is doing, and whites (69%) and men (68%) are much more likely than Latinos (50%) and women (57%) to disapprove. Disapproval of the U.S. Congress increases with higher age, education, and income. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way…” All Adults Dem Party Rep … that George W. Bush is handling his job as president of the United States? Approve Disapprove Don't know 23% 6% 74 92 32 59% 37 4 … the U.S. Congress is handling its job? Approve Disapprove Don't know 29 37 18 63 54 77 895 Likely Voters Ind 18% 28% 80 70 22 27 26 64 67 97 By comparison, the job approval ratings for Senators Dianne Feinstein (48%) and Barbara Boxer (44%) and for House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (40%) are higher than the overall approval for the U.S. Congress (29%). Californians also give their own House representatives higher approval ratings (49% approve, 31% disapprove); findings today are similar to those in March (47% approve, 30% disapprove) and last September (50% approve, 30% disapprove). Across parties today, Democrats (55%) and independents (54%) are more likely than Republicans (45%) to approve of their own House representatives. Across regions, residents in the San Francisco Bay Area (54%) and the Central Valley (50%) are the most approving of their own representatives, followed by residents in Los Angeles and the Other Southern California region (47% each). Latinos (54%) and women (52%) are somewhat more likely than whites (47%) and men (47%) to approve of their own representatives in the House. Approve Disapprove Don't know “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress is handling his or her job?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind 49% 55% 45% 54% 31 29 39 30 20 16 16 16 Likely Voters 52% 33 15 September 2008 19 Californians and Their Government STATE BUDGET With a record-setting delay in the passage of a new state budget, Californians say the budget situation is a big problem (78%)—a 5-point increase from last month (73%), and a 14-point increase since January (64%) when the governor first released his budget plan. Strong majorities across regional, political, and demographic groups say the budget situation is a big problem. Three in four residents also say major changes (76%) are needed in the budget process, while 17 percent say minor changes are needed, and just 4 percent say it is fine the way it is. The view that major changes are needed has increased 11 points since May (65%) when the governor released his revised budget. At least seven in 10 residents across regional, political, and demographic groups hold this view. “Overall, do you think the state budget process in California, in terms of both revenues and spending, is in need of major changes, minor changes, or do you think it is fine the way it is?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind Major changes 76% 79% 83% 76% 79% Minor changes 17 17 13 16 16 Fine the way it is 4 224 3 Don't know 3 224 2 So how do Californians want to deal with the multibillion-dollar budget deficit facing the state? A plurality of residents (43%) and likely voters (48%) continue to favor a mix of spending cuts and tax increases, while fewer say the gap should be addressed mostly through spending cuts (36% adults, 37% likely voters). Far fewer still say they prefer tax increases alone (7%) or borrowing money and running a deficit (5%). Since January, most residents have said they prefer a mix of spending cuts and tax increases. Today, voters remain deeply divided along party lines in their preferences for a budget solution. With a record late budget agreement, how do Californians feel about changing the two-thirds vote requirement to a 55 percent majority for the legislature to pass a budget? A record percent of residents (49%) and likely voters (46%) think it would be a good idea. Democrats (54%) are more likely to say this is a good idea, while Republicans (50%) are more likely to say it is a bad idea, and independents are divided (46% good, 45% bad). A year ago, more adults (46%) and likely voters (56%) said this proposal to change the vote requirement was a bad idea. In addition, most residents think that strictly limiting the amount that state spending could increase each year is a good idea (62% good, 31% bad). Findings are similar among likely voters. Across parties, strong majorities of Republicans (77%) and independents (64%) say it is a good idea; half of Democrats (53%) also agree. “Spending and tax reforms have been proposed to address structural issues in the state budget. Please say whether you think the proposal is a good idea or a bad idea.” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind How about replacing the twothirds vote requirement with a 55 percent majority vote for the state legislature to pass a budget? Good idea Bad idea Don't know 49% 54% 40% 46% 46% 37 34 50 45 43 14 12 10 9 11 How about strictly limiting the amount of money that state spending could increase each year? Good idea Bad idea Don't know 62 53 77 64 63 31 39 19 30 30 78467 20 PPIC Statewide Survey State and National Issues CITIZENS’ INITIATIVES Given the generally low level of approval that Californians give to their state elected officials today, what or whom would they prefer to have the most influence over public policy? Thirty-eight percent of residents say they would prefer initiatives on the state ballot to have the most influence, 32 percent would prefer the legislature, and 20 percent say the governor; likely voters express similar preferences. Initiatives are preferred somewhat more now than in September 2006 (33% initiatives, 32% legislature, 23% governor). But many Californians also view the initiative process as flawed, with 64 percent saying major (36%) or minor (28%) changes are needed, while 29 percent say it is fine the way it is. Findings today are similar to those of September 2006 (37% major, 31% minor, 25% fine). Today, strong majorities across parties agree that changes, major or minor, are needed in the initiative process. Latinos (49%) are the most likely to say major changes are needed. Even among residents who prefer initiatives to have the most influence over public policy, 60 percent say either major (30%) or minor (30%) changes are needed. Major changes Minor changes Fine the way it is Don't know “Do you think the citizens’ initiative process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or that it is basically fine the way it is?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind 36% 36% 28% 29% 28 30 30 29 29 29 35 36 7 576 Likely Voters 30% 32 32 6 This November, 12 propositions are on the state ballot, including 10 citizens’ initiatives. What do residents think about the number of propositions on state ballots in general? Six in 10 residents and likely voters (59% each) agree that there are too many propositions on the state ballot. In September 2006, when there were 13 propositions on the upcoming ballot, including eight citizens’ initiatives, a similar number of residents (59%) and likely voters (58%) agreed. An even more widely held complaint about the initiative process concerns the wording of initiatives: 78 percent of residents and 84 percent of likely voters agree that initiative wording is often too complicated and confusing for voters to understand what would happen if an initiative passed. Strong majorities across regions, parties, and demographic groups agree. “For the following items, please say if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree.” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind Strongly agree 29% 33% 26% 33% 30% Somewhat agree 30 29 30 33 29 There are too many propositions on the state ballot. Somewhat disagree 24 25 25 22 26 Strongly disagree 12 9 15 9 12 Don't know 54433 Strongly agree 49 55 56 53 55 The ballot wording for citizens’ initiatives is often too Somewhat agree 29 29 26 33 29 complicated and confusing for Somewhat disagree 11 8 9 8 8 voters to understand what happens if the initiative passes. Strongly disagree 8 6 6 6 6 Don't know 3 2 3—2 September 2008 21 Californians and Their Government MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES With all of the attention that Californians say they are paying to news about the presidential candidates, what do they think about the two major political parties? A solid 79 percent of residents and 81 percent of likely voters say there are important differences in what Republicans and Democrats stand for overall, while 18 percent of residents and likely voters say there are not important differences. In September 2004, 75 percent of residents said there were important differences and 21 percent said there were not. Across parties today, more than eight in 10 Democrats (85%) and Republicans (83%) agree there are important differences, while 69 percent of independents say the same. Men (78%) and women (81%), Latinos and whites (80% each), and evangelical Christians (81%) and others (79%) similarly agree that there are important differences between Republicans and Democrats. Of likely voters supporting either the Republican or Democratic ticket, both groups (86% Obama-Biden, 80% McCain-Palin) think there are important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for. “Overall, do you think there are any important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind Yes, there are important differences 79% 85% 83% 69% No, there are not important differences 18 14 16 29 Don't know 3112 Likely Voters 81% 18 1 Despite 79 percent of Californians saying there are important differences between the two parties, a slim majority say they would like to see a third major party. Fifty-two percent of residents and likely voters say the Democratic and Republican parties do such a poor job of representing the American people that a third major party is needed, while 41 percent of residents and likely voters say the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people. Not surprisingly, independents are the most likely to say a third major party is needed, while Democrats and Republicans give a more mixed assessment. The perception that the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job of representation is much higher among evangelical Christians than among others (49% to 38%). Compared to four years ago, Californians today are somewhat more likely to say a third major party is needed (2004: 48% adequate job, 46% third party needed). Findings among independents today are nearly identical to four years ago (2004: 34% adequate job, 62% third party needed). While Democrats are about as likely as they were four years ago to say the two major parties are doing an adequate job (51% in 2004 to 48% today), Republicans are much less likely than they were four years ago to say so (58% in 2004 to 44% today). “In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind Adequate job 41% 48% 44% 35% 41% Third party is needed 52 44 49 62 52 Don't know 7873 7 22 PPIC Statewide Survey State and National Issues ELECTION IMPORTANCE How much interest is this presidential election generating with the public at large, including voting and nonvoting adults? Echoing likely voters, two in three Californians (67%) say they are more interested in politics this year than they were in 2004, the last presidential election year. Twelve percent of residents are less interested, and 21 percent volunteer that they are as interested as they were in 2004. In August 2004, findings were nearly identical (64% more interested, 12% less interested, 23% same amount of interest) when comparing interest in politics that year to interest in 2000. Today, more than six in 10 residents across regions, racial/ethnic, gender, age, education, and income groups say they are more interested this year than they were in 2004. Across voter groups, more than six in 10 Democrats (69%), independents (65%), and Republicans (64%) say they are more interested. Independents (17%) are somewhat more likely than Republicans (10%) and Democrats (8%) to say they are less interested this year than they were in 2004. Two in three likely voters supporting Obama-Biden and two in three supporting McCain-Palin say they are more interested in politics this time around. More interested Less interested Same (volunteered) Don't know “Are you more interested or less interested in politics this year than you were in 2004—the last presidential election year?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind 67% 69% 64% 65% 12 8 10 17 21 23 25 17 —— 1 1 Likely Voters 65% 8 26 1 In terms of making progress on important issues facing the country, 75 percent of residents believe that it really matters who wins the 2008 presidential election. One in five residents (21%) say things will pretty much be the same regardless of who is elected president. In September 2004, 71 percent of residents said it really mattered who won, while 26 percent said things would pretty much be the same. More than two in three residents across regional and demographic groups today believe the election outcome really matters when it comes to making progress on important issues. Across parties, strong majorities believe the outcome will matter, although Democrats (85%) are more likely to hold this view than Republicans (76%) or independents (71%). Likely voters supporting Obama-Biden (88%) are somewhat more likely than those supporting McCain-Palin (77%) to say it really matters who wins the election. “As far as making progress on the important issues facing the country is concerned, does it really matter who wins the 2008 presidential election, or will things pretty much be the same regardless of who is elected president?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind Really matters 75% 85% 76% 71% 79% Things will be the same 21 13 20 24 18 Other (volunteered) 1111 1 Don't know 3134 2 September 2008 23 REGIONAL MAP 24 METHODOLOGY The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, president and CEO and survey director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with research support from Jennifer Paluch, project manager for this survey, and survey research associates Dean Bonner, Sonja Petek, and Nicole Fox. The Californians and Their Government series is currently supported with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. We benefit from discussions with PPIC staff, foundation staff, and other policy experts; however, the methods, questions, and content of this report were solely determined by Mark Baldassare and the survey staff. The findings in this report are based on a telephone survey of 2,002 California adult residents interviewed from September 9–16, 2008. Interviewing took place on weekday nights and weekend days, using a computer-generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted numbers were called. All landline telephone exchanges in California were eligible. Telephone numbers in the survey sample were called as many as six times to increase the likelihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Each interview took an average of 18 minutes to complete. Interviewing was conducted in English or Spanish. Accent on Languages, Inc. translated the survey into Spanish with assistance from Renatta DeFever. Abt SRBI Inc. conducted the telephone interviewing. We used recent U.S. Census and state data to compare the demographic characteristics of the survey sample with characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the census and state figures. The survey data in this report were statistically weighted to account for any demographic differences. The sampling error for the total sample of 2,002 adults is +/- 2 percent at the 95 percent confidence level. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 2 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California were interviewed. The sampling error for subgroups is larger: For the 1,467 registered voters, it is +/- 2.5 percent; for the 1,157 likely voters, it is +/-3 percent. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. We present results for four geographic regions, accounting for approximately 90 percent of the state population. “Central Valley” includes Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “San Francisco Bay Area” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, and “Other Southern California” includes Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties. Residents from other geographic areas are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, and likely voters. Sample sizes for these less populated areas are not large enough to report separately. We present specific results for Latinos because they account for about 30 percent of the state’s adult population and constitute one of the fastest growing voter groups. Sample sizes for African Americans and Asian Americans are not large enough for separate analysis. We compare the opinions of registered Democrats, Republicans, and independents (those who are registered as “decline to state”). We also include the responses of “likely voters”— those who are most likely to vote in the state’s elections based on past voting, current interest, and voting intentions. Following up on previous PPIC Statewide Surveys, we also asked parents about their children’s summer activities (see Questionnaire and Results, D5 to D5e), including questions from a national survey by Public Agenda. We compare current PPIC Statewide Survey results to those in our earlier surveys and to those in national surveys by CBS News/New York Times, ABC News/Washington Post, Gallup, Gallup/USA Today, and the Pew Research Center. 25 QUESTIONNAIRE AND RESULTS CALIFORNIANS AND THEIR GOVERNMENT September 9–16, 2008 2,002 California Adult Residents: English, Spanish MARGIN OF ERROR +/- 2% AT 95% CONFIDENCE LEVEL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE 1. First, thinking about the state as a whole, what do you think is the most important issue facing people in California today? [code, don’t read] 44% jobs, economy 9 state budget, deficit, taxes 6 education, schools 6 immigration, illegal immigration 5 gasoline prices 5 housing costs, housing availability, subprime housing crisis 4 health care, health costs 3 crime, gangs, drugs 2 environment, pollution 2 gay rights, same-sex marriages 11 other 3 don’t know 2. Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 21% right direction 68 wrong direction 11 don’t know 3. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? 20% good times 68 bad times 12 don’t know 4. Do you think the current housing situation in California will hurt your financial situation in the next year or so, or not? (if yes: do you think it will hurt your financial situation a great deal or only somewhat?) 31% yes, a great deal 21 yes, only somewhat 44 no 4 don’t know 5. Next, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote in California? 73% yes [ask q5a] 26 no [skip to q6b] 1 don’t know [skip to q6b] 5a. Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or as an independent? 42% Democrat [ask q6] 32 Republican [skip to q6a] 5 another party [specify] [skip to q7] 21 independent [skip to q6b] 6. Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 66% strong 32 not very strong 2 don’t know [skip to q7] 27 Californians and Their Government 6a. Would you call yourself a strong Republican or not a very strong Republican? 62% strong 34 not very strong 4 don’t know [skip to q7] 6b. Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? 22% Republican Party 46 Democratic Party 24 neither (volunteered) 8 don’t know [delayed skip: if q5=no or don’t know, skip to q23] [responses recorded for questions 7 to 22 are for likely voters only] 7. If the November 4th presidential election were being held today, would you vote for [rotate] the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Biden, [or] the Republican ticket of John McCain and Sarah Palin? 50% Barack Obama and Joe Biden 40 John McCain and Sarah Palin 3 someone else (specify) 7 don’t know 8. In general, would you say you are satisfied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the election for U.S. President on November 4th? 64% satisfied 32 not satisfied 4 don’t know 9. Next, there will be a series of presidential debates leading up to the November 4th election. Which one issue would you most like to hear the presidential candidates talk about during the presidential debates? [code, don’t read] 40% economy, jobs 12 Iraq situation, war in Iraq 7 immigration, illegal immigration 6 health care, health costs 4 energy, energy supply 3 education, schools 3 foreign policy 2 federal budget, deficit spending, taxes 2 gay rights, same-sex marriages 2 terrorism, security issues 14 other 5 don’t know Regardless of your choice for president, which of these candidates would do the better job on each of these issues—[rotate names] John McCain [or] Barack Obama? First… [rotate questions 10 to 13] 10.Which candidate would do a better job on the situation in Iraq? 44% John McCain 49 Barack Obama 2 other (specify) 5 don’t know 11.Which candidate would do a better job on energy policy? 38% John McCain 51 Barack Obama 1 other (specify) 10 don’t know 28 PPIC Statewide Survey 12.Which candidate would do a better job on jobs and the economy? 37% John McCain 53 Barack Obama 1 other (specify) 9 don’t know 12a.Which candidate would do a better job on health care? 29% John McCain 57 Barack Obama 3 other (specify) 11 don’t know 12b.Which candidate would do a better job on immigration? 40% John McCain 42 Barack Obama 2 other (specify) 16 don’t know 13.Which candidate would do a better job on foreign policy? 51% John McCain 43 Barack Obama 1 other (specify) 5 don’t know 14.Next, how closely are you following news about candidates for the 2008 presidential election? 52% very closely 39 fairly closely 7 not too closely 1 not at all closely 1 don’t know 15.In deciding who to vote for in the November 4th presidential election, how important to you are the candidates' performances in public debates? 38% very important 41 somewhat important 13 not too important 7 not at all important 1 don’t know Questionnaire and Results 16.Thinking about the presidential election that will be held this November, are you more enthusiastic about voting than usual, or less enthusiastic? 65% more enthusiastic 20 less enthusiastic 14 same (volunteered) 1 don’t know Changing topics, [rotate 3 blocks of questions randomly: (1) 17, 18; (2) 19, 20 (3) 21, 22] 17.Proposition 4 is called the “Waiting Period and Parental Notification Before Termination of Minor’s Pregnancy Initiative Constitutional Amendment.” It changes the California Constitution, prohibiting abortion for unemancipated minors until 48 hours after physician notifies minor’s parent, legal guardian, or in limited cases, substitute adult relative. It provides an exception for medical emergency or parental waiver. Fiscal impact is potential unknown net state costs of several million dollars annually for health and social services programs, court administration, and state health agency administration combined. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 4? 48% yes 41 no 11 don’t know 18.How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 4—is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 47% very important 32 somewhat important 12 not too important 5 not at all important 4 don’t know September 2008 29 Californians and Their Government 19.Proposition 8 is called the “Eliminates Right of Same-Sex Couples to Marry Initiative Constitutional Amendment.” It changes the California Constitution to eliminate the right of same-sex couples to marry. It provides that only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California. Fiscal impact over the next few years includes potential revenue loss, mainly sales taxes, totaling in the several tens of millions of dollars, to state and local governments. In the long run, it will likely have little fiscal impact on state and local governments. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 8? 41% yes 55 no 4 don’t know 20.How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 8—is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 54% very important 26 somewhat important 13 not too important 7 not at all important 21.Proposition 11 is called the “Redistricting Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute.” It changes authority for establishing state office boundaries from elected representatives to a commission. It establishes a multilevel process to select commissioners from the registered voter pool. The Commission will be comprised of Democrats, Republicans, and representatives of neither party. Fiscal impact is potential increase in state redistricting costs once every ten years due to two entities performing redistricting. Any increase in costs probably would not be significant. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 11? 38% yes 33 no 29 don’t know 30 PPIC Statewide Survey 22.Do you think the way the governor and legislature go about the redistricting process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or is it fine the way it is? 43% major changes 26 minor changes 16 fine the way it is 15 don’t know 23.Changing topics, overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling his job as governor of California? 38% approve 55 disapprove 7 don’t know 24.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? 21% approve 67 disapprove 12 don’t know 25.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the job that the state legislators representing your assembly and senate districts are doing at this time? 34% approve 50 disapprove 16 don’t know 26.On another topic, do you think the state budget situation in California—that is, the balance between government spending and revenues—is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem for the people of California today? 78% big problem 19 somewhat of a problem 1 not a problem 2 don’t know 27.As you may know, the state government has an annual budget of around $100 billion dollars and currently faces a multibillion dollar gap between spending and revenues. How would you prefer to deal with the state's budget gap—mostly through spending cuts, mostly through tax increases, through a mix of spending cuts and tax increases, or do you think that it is okay for the state to borrow money and run a budget deficit? 36% mostly through spending cuts 7 mostly through tax increases 43 through a mix of spending cuts and tax increases 5 okay to borrow money and run a budget deficit 3 other (specify) 6 don’t know 28.Overall, do you think the state budget process in California, in terms of both revenues and spending, is in need of major changes, minor changes, or do you think it is fine the way it is? 76% major changes 17 minor changes 4 fine the way it is 3 don’t know Spending and tax reforms have been proposed to address structural issues in the state budget. For each of the following, please say whether you think the proposal is a good idea or a bad idea. [rotate questions 29 and 30] 29.How about replacing the two-thirds vote requirement with a 55 percent majority vote for the state legislature to pass a budget? 49% good idea 37 bad idea 14 don’t know 30.How about strictly limiting the amount of money that state spending could increase each year? 62% good idea 31 bad idea 7 don’t know Questionnaire and Results 31.On another topic, in California state government today, which of the following would you prefer to have the most influence over public policy—[rotate] the governor, the legislature, [or] initiatives on the state ballot? 38% initiatives on the state ballot 32 the legislature 20 the governor 1 other (specify) 9 don’t know California uses the direct initiative process, which enables voters to bypass the legislature and have issues put on the ballot—as state propositions—for voter approval or rejection. 32.Do you think the citizens’ initiative process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or that it is basically fine the way it is? 36% major changes 28 minor changes 29 fine the way it is 7 don’t know For the following items, please say if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. [rotate questions 33 and 34] 33.There are too many propositions on the state ballot. 29% strongly agree 30 somewhat agree 24 somewhat disagree 12 strongly disagree 5 don’t know 34.The ballot wording for citizens’ initiatives is often too complicated and confusing for voters to understand what happens if the initiative passes. 49% strongly agree 29 somewhat agree 11 somewhat disagree 8 strongly disagree 3 don’t know September 2008 31 Californians and Their Government 35.Changing topics, overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that George W. Bush is handling his job as president of the United States? 23% approve 74 disapprove 3 don’t know [rotate questions 36 and 37] 36.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Dianne Feinstein is handling her job as U.S. Senator? 48% approve 37 disapprove 15 don’t know 37.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Barbara Boxer is handling her job as U.S. Senator? 44% approve 39 disapprove 17 don’t know 38.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is handling its job? 29% approve 63 disapprove 8 don’t know 39.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi is handling her job? 40% approve 44 disapprove 16 don’t know 40.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress is handling his or her job? 49% approve 31 disapprove 20 don’t know Changing topics, [rotate questions 41 and 42] 41.Overall, do you think there are any important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for? 79% yes, important differences 18 no, no important differences 3 don’t know 42.In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed? 41% adequate job 52 third party is needed 7 don’t know 43.Next, would you consider yourself to be politically: [read list, rotate order top to bottom] 11% very liberal 22 somewhat liberal 28 middle-of-the-road 23 somewhat conservative 12 very conservative 4 don’t know 44.Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics? 31% great deal 41 fair amount 24 only a little 4 none 45.Are you more interested or less interested in politics this year than you were in 2004— the last presidential election year? 67% more interested 12 less interested 21 same (volunteered) 32 PPIC Statewide Survey 46.As far as making progress on the important issues facing the country is concerned, does it really matter who wins the 2008 presidential election, or will things pretty much be the same regardless of who is elected president? 75% really matters who wins 21 things will pretty much be the same regardless 1 other (specify) 3 don’t know [d1-d4: demographic questions] [d5-d5e asked only of parents of children ages 5 to 15] Now thinking about your oldest or only child between the ages of 5 and 15, D5.Are you generally satisfied with the organized activities and programs available to your child during the summer months, or do you find that you really don’t have enough good options? 64% generally satisfied with the organized activities and programs 34 really don’t have enough good options 2 don’t know When you think about your child’s summer, how concerned are you—if at all—about each of the following? [rotate d5a through d5d] D5a.How about that you might have trouble finding someone to take care of him or her? 26% very concerned 15 somewhat concerned 17 not too concerned 42 not at all concerned Questionnaire and Results D5b.How about that she or he will fall behind in academics? 39% very concerned 18 somewhat concerned 13 not too concerned 29 not at all concerned 1 don’t know D5c.How about that you won’t be able to afford the things she or he wants to do? 45% very concerned 25 somewhat concerned 12 not too concerned 18 not at all concerned D5d.How about that there’s not enough things to capture his or her interest? 33% very concerned 21 somewhat concerned 15 not too concerned 30 not at all concerned 1 don’t know D5e.How important is it to have your child engaged in physical activities and the outdoors during the summer? 87% very important 11 somewhat important 2 not too important [d6-d16: demographic questions] September 2008 33 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ruben Barrales President and Chief Executive Officer San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Angela Blackwell Founder and Chief Executive Officer PolicyLink Paul Brest President The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Mollyann Brodie Vice President Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Executive Director Institute of Governmental Studies University of California, Washington Center James E. Canales President The James Irvine Foundation Jon Cohen Director of Polling The Washington Post Matthew K. Fong Special Counsel Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton, LLP Russell Hancock President and Chief Executive Officer Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network William Hauck President California Business Roundtable Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Senior Scholar School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Carol S. Larson President and Chief Executive Officer The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Monica Lozano Publisher and Chief Executive Officer La Opinión Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Dan Rosenheim News Director KPIX-TV Robert K. Ross, M.D. President and Chief Executive Officer The California Endowment Cathy Taylor Vice President and Editorial Commentary Director Orange County Register Raymond L. Watson Vice Chairman of the Board Emeritus The Irvine Company Carol Whiteside President Emeritus Great Valley Center The PPIC Statewide Survey Advisory Committee is a diverse group of experts who provide advice on survey issues. However, survey methods, questions, content, and timing are determined solely by PPIC. PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA BOARD OF DIRECTORS Thomas C. Sutton, Chair Retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Pacific Life Insurance Company Mark Baldassare President and Chief Executive Officer Public Policy Institute of California Ruben Barrales President and Chief Executive Officer San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Gary K. Hart Former State Senator and Secretary of Education State of California Walter B. Hewlett Director Center for Computer Assisted Research in the Humanities Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Leon E. Panetta Director The Leon & Sylvia Panetta Institute for Public Policy Ki Suh Park Design and Managing Partner Gruen Associates Constance L. Rice Co-Director The Advancement Project Raymond L. Watson Vice Chairman of the Board Emeritus The Irvine Company Carol Whiteside President Emeritus Great Valley Center Copyright © 2008 Public Policy Institute of California All rights reserved San Francisco, CA Short sections of text, not to exceed three paragraphs, may be quoted without written permission provided that full attribution is given to the source and the above copyright notice is included. PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, California 94111 phone: 415.291.4400 fax: 415.291.4401 PPIC Sacramento Center Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, California 95814 phone: 916.440.1120 fax: 916.440.1121 www.ppic.org survey@ppic.org" } ["___content":protected]=> string(102) "

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" ["_permalink":protected]=> string(113) "https://www.ppic.org/publication/ppic-statewide-survey-californians-and-their-government-september-2008/s_908mbs/" ["_next":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_prev":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_css_class":protected]=> NULL ["id"]=> int(8671) ["ID"]=> int(8671) ["post_author"]=> string(1) "1" ["post_content"]=> string(0) "" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:39:42" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(3945) ["post_status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["post_title"]=> string(8) "S 908MBS" ["post_type"]=> string(10) "attachment" ["slug"]=> string(8) "s_908mbs" ["__type":protected]=> NULL ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(12) "S_908MBS.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(7) "1902235" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(90184) "september 2008 &Californians their government in collaboration with The James Irvine Foundation Mark Baldassare Dean Bonner Jennifer Paluch Sonja Petek The Public Policy Institute of California is dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research on major economic, social, and political issues. The institute’s goal is to raise public awareness and to give elected representatives and other decisionmakers a more informed basis for developing policies and programs. The institute’s research focuses on the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public policy concerns, including economic development, education, environment and resources, governance, population, public finance, and social and health policy. PPIC is a private, nonprofit organization. It does not take or support positions on any ballot measures or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. PPIC was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. Mark Baldassare is President and Chief Executive Officer of PPIC. Thomas C. Sutton is Chair of the Board of Directors. PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, California 94111 phone: 415.291.4400 fax: 415.291.4401 PPIC Sacramento Center Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, California 95814 phone: 916.440.1120 fax: 916.440.1121 www.ppic.org survey@ppic.org TABLE OF CONTENTS About the Survey Press Release November 2008 Election State and National Issues Regional Map Methodology Questionnaire and Results 1 3 7 15 24 25 27 ABOUT THE SURVEY The PPIC Statewide Survey provides policymakers, the media, and the general public with objective, advocacy-free information on the perceptions, opinions, and public policy preferences of California residents. Inaugurated in April 1998, this is the 90th PPIC Statewide Survey in a series that has generated a database that includes the responses of more than 192,000 Californians. This survey is the 31st in the Californians and Their Government series, which periodically examines the social, economic, and political trends that influence public policy preferences and ballot choices. The series is currently supported with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. This survey seeks to raise public awareness, inform decisionmakers, and stimulate public discussion about state and national issues and the November general election. The context for this survey includes a presidential campaign, a downturn in the national economy, and the state budget standoff. Through analysis of likely voters, we examine issues in the fall general election, including the presidential race and three of the state propositions on the November ballot. The survey also examines Californians’ opinions of state and national issues, including their overall outlook on the state and economic conditions, perceptions of elected officials who represent them in Sacramento and Washington, perceptions and policy preferences regarding the state budget, general attitudes towards the citizens’ initiative process, attitudes toward the workings of the twoparty system, and overall importance of and enthusiasm about the 2008 presidential election. This report presents the responses of 2,002 California adult residents, including 1,157 likely voters, on these specific topics: „ The November election, including preferences in the presidential election and satisfaction with the choice of candidates; importance of candidates’ debate performances and preferences about what issues should be included in the debates; candidate preferences for handling specific policy issues; attention to news about the presidential candidates; support for and perceived importance of Proposition 4 (parental notification of a minor child’s abortion) and Proposition 8 (eliminating same-sex couples’ right to marry); and support for Proposition 11 (redistricting reform) and perceptions of the need for changes in the redistricting process. „ State and national issues, including the current direction of the state and future economic outlook, approval ratings for Governor Schwarzenegger, the California Legislature, and respondents’ own state legislative representatives; approval ratings for President Bush, the U.S. Congress, Senators Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, and respondents’ own congressional representatives; the general direction and economic outlook for the state; attitudes toward the state budget; perceptions of the citizens’ initiative process; and attitudes towards the major political parties and the presidential election. „ The extent to which Californians—based on their political party affiliation, region of residence, race/ethnicity, and other demographics—may differ with regard to perceptions, attitudes, and preferences involving the November election ballot and state and national issues. Copies of this report may be ordered online (www.ppic.org) or by phone (415-291-4400). For questions about the survey, please contact survey@ppic.org. View our searchable PPIC Statewide Survey database online at http://www.ppic.org/main/survAdvancedSearch.asp. 1 PRESS RELEASE Para ver este comunicado de prensa en español, por favor visite nuestra página de internet: http://www.ppic.org/main/pressreleaseindex.asp PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY: CALIFORNIANS AND THEIR GOVERNMENT Obama Holds 10-Point Lead in California, But Debates Loom Large ELECTORATE ENGAGED, WORRIED ABOUT ECONOMY – PALIN ENERGIZES GOP BUT FAILS TO CHANGE THE RACE SAN FRANCISCO, California, September 24, 2008 — California’s likely voters prefer the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joseph Biden to Republican contenders John McCain and Sarah Palin by 10 points, but they’ll be watching closely to see how the candidates perform in a series of televised debates before marking their ballots. Eight in 10 say the debates will be very important (38%) or somewhat important (41%) in deciding who gets their votes, according to a statewide survey released today by the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. What do they want to hear the candidates debate? The economy leads the list. Despite a month of high-profile activity that included the party conventions and selection of vice presidential candidates, the Democratic contenders’ lead (50% to 40%) over the Republicans among California’s likely voters is nearly identical to what it was in August (48% to 39%). Widely viewed as a move to win over women voters, McCain’s addition of Palin to the GOP ticket has shifted few votes to the Republicans. Female likely voters, who supported the Democratic ticket by 21 points last month (53% to 32%), support it by 20 points today (56% to 36%). Democrats and Republicans support their respective party’s tickets in overwhelming numbers, while independents back Obama-Biden over McCain-Palin, 53 percent to 35 percent. Latino likely voters favor Obama-Biden (57% to 30%), but their support for the Democratic ticket has dropped substantially since August (71% to 16%). As the campaign enters its final weeks, a majority of California’s likely voters (65%) say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting. They are happier with their choices than they were a month ago (64% today, 48% in August), with Republicans registering the sharpest increase in satisfaction (67% today, 35% in August). Democrats’ satisfaction is also higher (74% today, 68% in August). “The selection of Governor Palin dramatically increased the enthusiasm of California Republicans for their ticket, but it does not look like it will change many votes,” says Mark Baldassare, PPIC president and CEO. “Californians are loyal to their parties in this race, but they still hope to learn more from the debates. They are worried about the economy, upset with leaders at all levels of government, and want to hear the presidential candidates’ plans to change the course.” VOTERS RANK ECONOMY AS TOP ISSUE FOR DEBATES With Wall Street in turmoil, likely voters across political and demographic groups most frequently name the economy as the issue they most want to hear the candidates debate. Four in 10 (40%) mention the economy, followed by the war in Iraq (12%), immigration (7%), and health care (6%). When asked which candidate would do a better job handling key issues … ƒ Likely voters prefer Obama to McCain on the economy (53% to 37%), health care (57% to 29%), and energy policy (51% to 38%). ƒ They prefer McCain to Obama on foreign policy (51% to 43%). 3 Californians and Their Government ƒ They are more divided on who would better handle the war in Iraq (49% Obama, 44% McCain) and immigration (42% Obama, 40% McCain). Views on these issues are divided along partisan lines, with most voters believing their party’s candidate is the one for the job. Among independent likely voters … ƒ A majority prefer Obama to McCain on health care (59% to 25%), the economy (50% to 39%), and energy policy (55% to 35%). ƒ They prefer McCain on foreign policy (53% to 36%). ƒ They are divided over who they would prefer to handle the war in Iraq (48% Obama, 46% McCain) and immigration (40% Obama, 39% McCain). Regardless of their partisan leanings, Californians view the presidential election as crucial for the course of the nation. Most likely voters (79%) say that in making progress on important issues, it really matters who wins. With stakes this high in voters’ minds, it’s no surprise that nine in 10 are following news of the campaign very closely (52%) or somewhat closely (39%). STATE BAN ON GAY MARRIAGE LOSING, RESTRICTIONS ON TEEN ABORTION WINNING When it comes to the state ballot, a majority of likely voters oppose Proposition 8 (55% no, 41% yes), the constitutional amendment that would eliminate same-sex marriage in California. The overall percentages have held steady since August (54% no, 40% yes), but there have been shifts among voter groups. More Democrats plan to vote no on the measure (71% today, 66% in August), and more independents plan to vote yes (42% today, 36% in August). Eight in 10 likely voters say the outcome of this measure is very important (54%) or somewhat important (26%) to them, with those who plan to vote yes (62%) more likely than those voting against it (51%) to say the results are very important. Almost half of likely voters back Proposition 4 (48% yes, 41% no), the constitutional amendment that would require a parent to be notified at least 48 hours before a minor child has an abortion. They were more closely divided in August (47% yes, 44% no). Voters defeated similar measures in 2005 and 2006. Proposition 11, which would take the authority to draw legislative district lines from elected officials and give it to a commission of registered voters, has failed to rally a majority in favor or against it. Likely voters are as divided (38% yes, 33% no, 29% undecided) as they were in August (39% yes, 36% no, 25% undecided). Support for the measure has increased among Democrats by 5 points and dropped among independents by 10 points. However, divisions on this measure do not indicate support for the current redistricting process: About seven in 10 likely voters (69%) think it needs to be changed. 4 PPIC Statewide Survey Press Release IN WAKE OF BUDGET STANDOFF, SUPPORT GROWS TO LOWER TWO-THIRDS THRESHOLD At the time of this survey, the state budget standoff had entered its fourth month, and Californians’ frustration with the process was reflected in their changing views about structural reform. Three in four (76%) say major changes are needed in the budget process – an increase of 11 points since May, when the governor released his revised budget. Nearly half (49%) think it would be a good idea to lower the threshold for passing the budget from two-thirds to a 55 percent majority of the state legislature. This proposal, which was defeated at the polls in 2004, is opposed by only 37 percent of the state’s residents. A year ago, nearly half (46%) thought this change was a bad idea, and only 44 percent thought it was a good idea. A majority (62%) say it would be a good idea to strictly limit the amount of state spending increases allowed each year, while less than a third (31%) consider it a bad idea. APPROVAL RATINGS FOR STATE LEGISLATURE, BUSH SINK TO NEW LOWS Against the backdrop of a worsening economy and the longest budget impasse in state history, Californians are feeling grim about the future and dissatisfied with many of their state and national leaders. A record-high 44 percent of adults say that jobs and the economy are the top issues facing the state. This is true across all party and demographic groups, although Democrats (47%) and independents (44%) are more likely than Republicans (36%) to hold this view. Nearly seven in 10 Californians (68%) expect bad times financially in the year ahead. About half say the current housing situation in California will hurt their finances a great deal (31%) or somewhat (21%). The perception that the state is going in the wrong direction is widely held (68%). While this negative view has changed little since last month, it has grown by 18 points in the last year. Californians are pessimistic about their elected leaders’ ability to handle the challenges: ƒ State legislature gets record low rating: Only one in five Californians (21%) approve of the job the legislature is doing, a decline of 5 points since last month. ƒ Constituents give their own legislators low marks: Only one in three residents (34%) approve of the job their own state senator and assembly member are doing, an 8-point drop since March and a 7-point drop from a year ago. ƒ Governor fares slightly better: Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger’s 38 percent approval rating has held steady from last month but is still 12 points lower than a year ago. ƒ President Bush’s approval drops to new low: Among Californians, the president’s approval rating is 23 percent, a slightly more negative assessment than he received in a recent CBS News/New York Times national poll (27% approval). ƒ Congress’ job approval rating slips: Congress’ 29 percent approval rating is about the same as last month, but 4 points lower than in March. ƒ Congressional representatives rated higher: The state’s residents give higher approval ratings to their own Congressional representative (49%) and to Senator Dianne Feinstein (48%), Senator Barbara Boxer (44%), and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (40%). September 2008 5 Californians and Their Government MORE KEY FINDINGS: How Californians would have balanced the budget – Page 20 As they have since January, a plurality of residents (43%) favor a mix of spending cuts and tax increases, while fewer (36%) favor balancing the budget mainly through cuts and fewer still (7%) prefer tax hikes alone or borrowing money and running a deficit (5%). But they are deeply divided along party lines in their preferences. Residents conflicted over the initiative process – Page 21 As they get ready to vote on a state ballot that includes 12 propositions—10 of them citizens’ initiatives—Californians say the process is flawed and that there are too many initiatives on the ballot and that they’re too complicated. However, 38 percent say initiatives should be the guiding force in determining policy, while 32 percent choose the legislature and 20 percent prefer the governor. Many say a third political party is needed – Page 22 Despite their views that there are important differences between the two major parties, a slim majority of Californians (52%) say that the nation needs a third political party. Republicans are much less likely than they were four years ago to say that the two major parties are doing an adequate job. ABOUT THE SURVEY This survey is the 31st in the Californians and Their Government series and is supported with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. It seeks to raise public awareness, inform decisionmakers, and stimulate public discussion on state and national issues and the November general election. This is the 90th PPIC Statewide Survey in a series that has generated a database that includes the responses of more than 192,000 Californians. Findings are based on a telephone survey of 2,002 California adult residents interviewed from September 9–16, 2008. Interviews were conducted in English or Spanish. The sampling error for the total sample is +/- 2% and for the 1,157 likely voters is +/- 3%. For more information on methodology, see page 25. Mark Baldassare is president and CEO of PPIC, where he holds the Arjay and Frances Fearing Miller Chair in Public Policy. He is founder of the PPIC Statewide Survey, which he has directed since 1998. PPIC is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to informing and improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research on major economic, social, and political issues. The institute was established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. PPIC does not take or support positions on any ballot measure or on any local, state, or federal legislation, nor does it endorse, support, or oppose any political parties or candidates for public office. This report will appear on PPIC’s website (www.ppic.org) after 10 p.m. PDT on September 24. ### 6 PPIC Statewide Survey NOVEMBER 2008 ELECTION KEY FINDINGS „ Among California’s likely voters, the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Biden leads the Republican ticket of John McCain and Sarah Palin (50% to 40%) in the presidential race—a lead similar to last month, before running mates were chosen. Nearly two in three likely voters are satisfied with their choice of candidates in the presidential election, up sharply from last month, with independents the least satisfied with their choices. (page 8) „ Sixty-five percent of likely voters say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting this year. Eight in 10 likely voters say candidates’ debate performances are important in deciding their vote in the presidential election (38% very, 41% somewhat). Among likely voters, the top debate issue is the economy. (pages 9, 10) „ Regardless of their choice for president, likely voters think Obama would do a better job of handling health care, jobs and the economy, and energy policy, but that McCain would better handle foreign policy. Likely voters are divided over who they think would do a better job handling immigration and the situation in Iraq. (pages 10, 11) „ Likely voters are more inclined to vote yes than no on Proposition 4, a constitutional amendment requiring parental notification before termination of a minor’s pregnancy (48% yes, 41% no, 11% don’t know). More would vote no than yes on Proposition 8, a constitutional amendment that would ban same-sex marriage (41% yes, 55% no, 4% don’t know). Likely voters are divided, with many undecided, on Proposition 11, which would give redistricting authority to a citizens’ commission (38% yes, 33% no, 29% don’t know). (pages 12–14) Presidential Election 60 54 49 50 50 Obama-Biden McCain-Palin 48 50 Percent likely voters 40 40 30 37 39 35 40 20 10 0 Mar May Jul Aug Sep 08 08 08 08 08 Percent likely voters Percent Following News About Presidential Candidates "Very Closely" 60 50 50 52 47 40 42 39 30 20 10 0 Mar May Jul Aug Sep 08 08 08 08 08 Percent Who Would Vote "Yes" on Propositions August 08 60 September 08 50 47 48 40 40 41 39 38 Percent likely voters 30 20 10 0 Prop 4 Prop 8 Prop 11 Parental Eliminating Redistricting Notification Same-Sex Marriage 7 Californians and Their Government 2008 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION In this year’s presidential race, California’s likely voters support the Obama-Biden Democratic ticket by a 10-point margin over the McCain-Palin Republican ticket (50% to 40%). The Democrats’ lead is nearly identical to that found in PPIC’s August survey (48% Obama, 39% McCain), despite a flurry of campaign activity since that time—including the national nominating conventions and the announcement of running mates. While registered voters in California give the edge to Obama-Biden, registered voters nationwide are more closely divided, according to several recent national surveys. California’s likely voters are loyal to their parties in this race, with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting the Obama-Biden ticket (84%) and nearly the same percentage of Republicans backing McCain-Palin (83%). Support for the GOP ticket has increased 6 points among Republican likely voters since August. Among independent likely voters, Obama-Biden leads McCain-Palin by 18 points (53% to 35%). The announcement of Sarah Palin as John McCain’s running mate seems to have had little effect on female likely voters in California. In August, women supported Obama over McCain by 21 points (53% to 32%) and today they support the Obama-Biden ticket over the McCain-Palin ticket by 20 points (56% to 36%). Among Latino likely voters today, Obama-Biden leads McCain-Palin (57% to 30%), but the Democratic advantage has dropped substantially since August, when Obama led McCain by a more than four-to-one margin (71% to 16%). Both male likely voters and white likely voters continue to be divided today. Among self-described evangelical Christians, 59 percent support the McCain-Palin ticket, an increase of 6 points since August. “If the November 4th presidential election were being held today, would you vote for the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Biden or the Republican ticket of John McCain and Sarah Palin?” Likely voters only Obama-Biden McCain-Palin Someone else Don’t know All Likely Voters 50% 40% 3% 7% Democrat 84 10 1 5 Party Republican 9 83 1 7 Independent 53 35 4 8 Gender Men Women 44 43 56 36 5 1 8 7 Race/Ethnicity Latinos Whites 57 30 1 12 44 46 3 7 While overall candidate preferences have changed little in the last month, voters’ satisfaction with their candidate choices has climbed (48% August to 64% today). The most dramatic shift in the last month occurred among Republicans. In August, just 35 percent of Republicans expressed satisfaction, while 64 percent were unhappy. Today, the reverse is true: 67 percent are satisfied and 31 percent are not. Meanwhile, independents are divided (49% satisfied, 47% not satisfied). Latino likely voters are much more likely to say they are satisfied today (64%) than they were in August (51%). “In general, would you say you are satisfied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the election for U.S. President on November 4th?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Satisfied 64% 74% 67% 49% Not satisfied 32 25 31 47 Don’t know 4 124 Latinos 64% 35 1 8 PPIC Statewide Survey November 2008 Election 2008 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION (CONTINUED) California voters have been asked to go to the polls frequently in recent years—the November 4th election will mark the 11th statewide election since 2002. Nevertheless, voters turned out in record numbers for February’s presidential primary, and interest in the November 4th election is high: In our current survey, two in three likely voters (65%) say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting in this election. Just 20 percent are less enthusiastic and 14 percent volunteer that their enthusiasm is the same. Democratic likely voters (76%) are the most apt to say they are more enthusiastic than usual, followed by Republican (62%) and independent likely voters (53%). Likely voters supporting the Obama-Biden ticket (76%) are much more likely to express enthusiasm than those supporting the McCain-Palin ticket (59%). Sixty-three percent of both Latino and white likely voters say they are more enthusiastic about voting in this election, while women express more enthusiasm than men (69% to 60%). At least six in 10 likely voters across age groups and regions say they are more enthusiastic than usual about voting, with middle-aged voters (68%) and San Francisco Bay Area (70%) and Los Angeles (66%) voters the most likely to express this view. “Thinking about the presidential election that will be held this November, are you more enthusiastic about voting than usual, or less enthusiastic?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind More enthusiastic 65% 76% 62% 53% Less enthusiastic 20 13 20 35 Same (volunteered) 14 10 16 12 Don’t know 1 1 2— Latinos 63% 24 13 — Between September 26th and October 15th, four national televised debates will be held—three between presidential candidates John McCain and Barack Obama and one between vice-presidential candidates Sarah Palin and Joe Biden. Eight in 10 likely voters say the candidates’ performances will be very (38%) or somewhat important (41%) in deciding how they vote. Democrats (43%) are more likely than Republicans (36%) or independents (32%) to say that debate performances will be very important in their voting decision. Similarly, 43 percent of Obama-Biden voters consider the debates very important to them, compared to 35 percent of McCain-Palin voters. Latinos (54%) are far more likely than whites (33%) to hold this view. Women place more importance on the debates than men (43% to 33%). “In deciding who to vote for in the November 4th presidential election, how important to you are the candidates’ performances in public debates?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Very important 38% 43% 36% 32% Somewhat important 41 38 41 47 Not too important 13 12 14 16 Not at all important 7 573 Don’t know 1 222 Latinos 54% 37 7 1 1 September 2008 9 Californians and Their Government ISSUES AND CANDIDATE RANKINGS When it comes to the actual content of the presidential debates, in an open-ended question, four in 10 likely voters offer that they would most like to hear the candidates discuss the economy (40%). Far fewer name the war in Iraq (12%), immigration (7%), or health care (6%). In the 2004 presidential race, the economy also topped the list of issues voters wanted to hear about in debates, although fewer named it (30%). Then, voters more frequently mentioned the war in Iraq (19%) and health care (12%). The 2000 race between Republicans Bush-Cheney and Democrats Gore-Lieberman reflected better economic times. Then, likely voters most wanted to hear about schools and education (19%), followed by health care (15%), Social Security and Medicare (14%), and taxes (11%). Just 5 percent named the economy. Today, the economy tops the list across political groups (47% independents, 46% Democrats, 33% Republicans) and all demographic groups. In the debates, Democrats and independents are more likely than Republicans to want to hear about the war in Iraq, while Republicans are more likely to say immigration should be discussed. Obama-Biden voters are more likely than McCain-Palin voters to say candidates should debate economic issues (46% to 32%) and the Iraq war (16% to 8%), while McCainPalin voters are more likely to want to hear about immigration (11% to 4%). Latinos are twice as likely as whites (12% to 6%) to say they are interested in hearing about immigration in the debates. Young voters (37%) are nearly as likely as others to mention the economy, but are more likely than others to say gay rights and same-sex marriage (9%) should be discussed in the debates. “Which one issue would you most like to hear the presidential candidates talk about during the presidential debates?” Top four issues mentioned Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Economy 40% 46% 33% 47% War in Iraq 12 15 9 13 Immigration, illegal immigration 7 4 11 5 Health care, health costs 6 737 Latinos 39% 13 12 4 When asked which presidential candidate would do a better job of handling these top issues, likely voters are more apt to name Barack Obama over John McCain on jobs and the economy (53% to 37%) and health care (57% to 29%). They are divided over who could better handle the war in Iraq (49% Obama, 44% McCain) and immigration (42% Obama, 40% McCain). On who would best handle jobs and the economy, most Democratic likely voters (83%) name Obama, while most Republicans (70%) back McCain. Independents are more likely to say Obama (50%) than McCain (39%). Of likely voters supporting the Obama-Biden ticket, 90 percent trust Obama to handle the economy; of those supporting the McCain-Palin ticket, 79 percent trust McCain. And of those who want the candidates to debate the economy, 59 percent believe Obama could better handle this issue. Women are more likely to pick Obama (58%), while men are more divided (47% Obama, 42% McCain). When it comes to handling the war in Iraq, a strong majority of Republican likely voters (84%) believe McCain is the candidate for the job; Democrats also fall along party lines (79% Obama). Independents are divided over this issue (48% Obama, 46% McCain). A vast majority of Obama-Biden voters (87%) name Obama and more than nine in 10 McCain-Palin voters (93%) name McCain. Men are divided (48% McCain, 46% Obama), while women favor Obama over McCain (51% Obama, 41% McCain). Likely voters are divided over who would best handle immigration, with 68 percent of Democrats saying Obama and 71 percent of Republicans naming McCain. Independents are split (40% Obama, 39% McCain). 10 PPIC Statewide Survey November 2008 Election ISSUES AND CANDIDATE RANKINGS (CONTINUED) Three in four Obama-Biden voters (74%) say Obama would do the better job on immigration and three in four McCain-Palin voters (75%) say McCain would. Latinos are twice as likely to name Obama (53% to 26%). Obama has the largest lead over McCain on the issue of health care (57% to 29%). While most partisan voters support their party’s candidate (82% of Democrats trust Obama, 60% of Republicans trust McCain), 23 percent of Republicans think Obama could do a better job than McCain on this issue. Independents think Obama would do a better job than McCain by a wide margin (59% to 25%). Eightyeight percent of Obama-Biden voters support Obama on health care, compared to the 66 percent of McCain-Palin voters who support McCain on this issue. Majorities of women and men pick Obama. "Regardless of your choice for president, which of these candidates would do a better job on…?” Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Latinos Ind John McCain 37% 10% 70% 39% 27% …jobs and the economy Barack Obama Other 53 83 17 50 62 1 1 2—2 Don't know 9 6 11 11 9 John McCain 44 16 84 46 37 …the situation in Iraq Barack Obama Other 49 79 12 48 56 21131 Don't know 54336 John McCain 40 15 71 39 26 …immigration Barack Obama Other 42 68 12 40 53 22323 Don't know 16 15 14 19 18 John McCain 29 9 60 25 23 …health care Barack Obama Other 57 82 23 59 64 31232 Don't know 11 8 15 13 11 When it comes to handling energy policy, Obama has a 13-point edge over McCain (51% to 38%) among California’s likely voters. Support falls along partisan lines: Most Democrats (77%) name Obama and most Republicans (74%) support McCain. Independents back Obama over McCain by 20 points (55% to 35%). Of six issues addressed, McCain only has an edge over Obama on handling foreign policy (51% to 43%). Eighty-eight percent of Republicans back McCain in this area, while 74 percent of Democrats support Obama. But 21 percent of Democrats think McCain could better handle foreign policy. Independents favor McCain over Obama by a wide margin (53% to 36%) on this issue. With the election just over a month away, nine in 10 voters are following news about the election very (52%) or somewhat closely (39%). The percentage following news very closely increased 13 points since our August survey (39%), just before the party conventions. More than half of Democrats (56%) and Republicans (52%) are following news very closely, compared to 44 percent of independents. The percentage following news very closely increases with age, education, and income. At least half of both Obama-Biden (56%) and McCain-Palin (51%) supporters are very closely following election news. September 2008 11 Californians and Their Government PROPOSITION 4: PARENTAL NOTIFICATION Almost half of likely voters support Proposition 4 (48% yes, 41% no), a citizens’ initiative that would amend the state constitution to prohibit the termination of an unemancipated minor’s pregnancy until 48 hours after the notification of her parent or guardian. One in 10 likely voters are undecided. In August, likely voters were more closely divided (47% yes, 44% no). In 2005 and 2006, California voters rejected similar propositions (2005: 47% yes, 53% no; 2006: 46% yes, 54% no). Across parties, Republicans (67%) are the most likely to favor this initiative, and their support has increased by 5 points since August. Fifty-three percent of Democrats are opposed, while independents are divided (48% yes, 44% no)—findings similar to August. Among likely voters, a strong majority of evangelical Christians (69%) support Proposition 4, while others are more likely to oppose it (48% no, 40% yes). Likely voters with children aged 18 or younger (51% yes, 40% no) are more likely than those without children (46% yes, 42% no) to support Proposition 4. Women and men express similar levels of support, while Latinos are more likely than whites to say they would vote yes. “Proposition 4 is called the ‘Waiting Period and Parental Notification Before Termination of Minor’s Pregnancy Initiative Constitutional Amendment.’ If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 4?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All Likely Voters 48% 41% 11% Democrat 36 53 11 Party Republican 67 22 11 Independent 48 44 8 Gender Men Women 49 41 10 46 41 13 Parents of children under 18 Yes No 51 40 9 46 42 12 Race/Ethnicity Latinos Whites 54 39 7 48 42 10 *For complete text of proposition question, see p. 29. As in August, eight in 10 likely voters—including at least three in four across party groups—say the outcome of the vote on Proposition 4 is important to them. Independents (42%) are less likely than Democrats (49%) and Republicans (50%) to call it very important. The outcome is more likely to be considered very important by supporters (54%) than opponents (44%). Among likely voters, women (56%) are much more likely than men (39%), Latinos (55%) are more likely than whites (44%), and those with children (56%) are more likely than those without children (43%) to say the outcome is very important. “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 4?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Vote on Proposition 4 Yes No Very important 47% 49% 50% 42% 54% 44% Somewhat important 32 33 32 34 32 34 Not too important 12 13 10 15 12 14 Not at all important 5 336 1 7 Don’t know 4 253 1 1 12 PPIC Statewide Survey November 2008 Election PROPOSITION 8: SAME-SEX MARRIAGE A majority of California likely voters oppose Proposition 8 (55% no, 41% yes), which would amend the state constitution to eliminate the right of same-sex couples to marry, and would recognize marriage between a man and a woman only as valid in California. This is a turnaround from 2000, when California voters approved by a wide margin (61% to 39%) a ballot initiative that prevented the state from recognizing same-sex marriages. After a recent California Supreme Court decision that found the same-sex marriage ban unconstitutional, Proposition 8 qualified for the November ballot. Today, 62 percent of Republicans are in favor of Proposition 8, while seven in 10 Democrats (71%) and about half of independents (53%) are opposed. While overall support is similar to August (40% yes, 54% no), the no vote for Democrats has increased 5 points, and the yes vote for independents has increased 6 points. Self-described conservatives (67%) are far more likely than liberals (17%) to vote yes on Proposition 8, while moderates are more likely to say they would vote no (57%) than yes (35%). Less than half of voters across regions would vote yes, with support highest in the Other Southern California region (49%) and opposition highest in the San Francisco Bay Area (66%). Likely voters who have never been married (61% no) are more likely to oppose this initiative than those who are married (52% no). Opposition is greater among whites than Latinos (56% to 50%). Men and women are similar in their opposition. Evangelicals are as likely to vote yes (64%) as others are to vote no (63%). “Proposition 8 is called the ‘Eliminates Right of Same-Sex Couples to Marry Initiative Constitutional Amendment.’ If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 8?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All Likely Voters 41% 55% 4% Party Democrat Republican 25 71 62 34 4 4 Independent 42 53 5 Gender Men Women 43 53 39 56 4 5 Race/Ethnicity Latinos Whites 46 50 41 56 4 3 *For complete text of proposition question, see p. 30. Eight in 10 likely voters say the outcome of Proposition 8 is either very (54%) or somewhat (26%) important to them. More Republicans (57%) and Democrats (56%) than independents (44%) call it very important. Those who plan to vote yes (62%) are more likely than those who plan to vote no (51%) to say the outcome is very important. Since August, the proportion considering it very important has increased somewhat among likely voters (48% to 54%), Democrats and Republicans, and both yes and no voters. “How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 8?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Vote on Proposition 8 Yes No Very important 54% 56% 57% 44% 62% 51% Somewhat important 26 23 23 30 24 27 Not too important 13 14 12 14 11 13 Not at all important 7 779 3 9 Don’t know — —1 3 — — September 2008 13 Californians and Their Government PROPOSITION 11: REDISTRICTING California’s likely voters today are divided on Proposition 11 (38% yes, 33% no, 29% undecided), an initiative constitutional amendment to take the authority to draw legislative districts away from elected officials and give it to a commission of registered voters. In 2005, a similar proposition, which would have given redistricting authority to a panel of retired judges, was rejected (40% yes, 60% no). While this proposition does not enjoy majority support within any political group today, Republicans (45%) are more likely than Democrats (36%) and independents (29%) to support it. Support today is similar to August (39% yes, 36% no), but the yes vote has increased by 5 points among Democrats and dropped by 10 points among independents. Fewer than half in all regions would vote yes. Whites (40%) are more likely than Latinos (34%) and men (42%) are more likely than women (35%) to say they would vote yes on Proposition 11. Support for Proposition 11 increases as age and education level rise. “Proposition 11 is called the ‘Redistricting Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute.’ If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 11?”* Likely voters only Yes No Don’t know All Likely Voters 38% 33% 29% Democrat 36 33 31 Party Republican 45 31 24 Independent 29 43 28 Gender Men Women 42 36 22 35 30 35 Race/Ethnicity Latinos Whites 34 39 27 40 31 29 *For complete text of proposition question, see p. 30. About seven in 10 likely voters (69%) think the redistricting process is in need of major (43%) or minor (26%) changes. This perception is the same as last month (69%) and just 4 points lower than last September (73%). Strong majorities in all parties say change is needed. Sixty-five percent or more across regions hold this view. Latinos are more likely than whites (76% to 67%) and men more likely than women (74% to 63%) to say that major or minor changes are needed to the redistricting process. Six in 10 of those who would vote yes on Proposition 11 believe that major changes are needed, compared to three in 10 who would vote no. Another three in 10 no voters think the process is fine the way it is. Of those likely voters who say major changes are needed, 56 percent would vote yes on Proposition 11. “Do you think the way the governor and legislature go about the redistricting process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or is it fine the way it is?” Likely voters only All Likely Voters Dem Party Rep Ind Vote on Proposition 11 Yes No Major changes 43% 43% 43% 37% 62% 31% Minor changes 26 27 28 27 25 29 Fine the way it is 16 15 14 19 7 30 Don’t know 15 15 15 17 6 10 14 PPIC Statewide Survey STATE AND NATIONAL ISSUES KEY FINDINGS „ A record percentage of Californians (44%) continue to name the economy as the most important issue facing the state. Nearly seven in 10 say the state is headed in the wrong direction, and that the next 12 months will bring bad economic times. Personally, 52 percent say the current housing situation will hurt their financial situation in the next year. (pages 16, 17) „ About four in 10 adults approve of the governor’s job performance, one in five approve of the state legislature, and one in three approve of their own state legislators. About one in four approve of the president’s job performance, and three in 10 approve of Congress. California’s two senators, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, and voters’ own representatives receive higher ratings. (pages 18, 19) „ About three in four adults say the state budget situation is a big problem and that major changes in the budget process are needed. Nearly half say that changing the vote requirement to pass a state budget from two-thirds to 55 percent is a good idea; six in 10 say strictly limiting state spending is a good idea. (page 20) „ Nearly two in three residents say changes are needed in the citizens’ initiative process (36% major, 28% minor); most agree there are too many propositions on the ballot and even more say the wording of initiatives is too complicated and confusing. (page 21) „ Most residents say there are important differences between the two major political parties; half say a major third party is needed. Strong majorities say they are more interested in politics this year than in 2004 and say it really matters who wins the 2008 presidential election. (pages 22, 23) Approval Ratings of State Elected Officials Percent all adults 80 Governor 59 61 60 60 Legislature 51 50 46 44 40 33 37 38 40 36 37 32 41 34 34 30 20 25 21 0 Jan Sep Jan Sep M ar Sep M ar Sep M ar Sep 04 04 05 05 06 06 07 07 08 08 Approval Ratings of Federal Elected Officials 60 50 44 48 40 40 Percent all adults 30 20 10 0 Senator Boxer Senator Feinstein Speaker Pelosi Percent all adults Change Budget Passage Vote from Two-thirds to 55 Percent Good idea Bad idea 60 50 46 47 46 48 46 48 49 40 43 45 42 43 44 42 30 37 20 10 0 Jun Jan May May Sep May Sep 03 05 06 07 07 08 08 15 Californians and Their Government OVERALL MOOD The economy is foremost on Californians’ minds today, as it has been throughout 2008. This month, a record high 44 percent name jobs and the economy as the most important issue facing the state. Similar to last month, only 9 percent say the state budget situation is the most important issue facing the state, despite a budget impasse of record duration. Fewer name education (6%), immigration (6%), gasoline prices (5%), or housing (5%). Since last September, mention of immigration has declined 12 points while mention of the economy has climbed 31 points. The economy is the top issue mentioned today across all political, regional, and demographic groups. Democrats (47%) and independents (44%) are more likely than Republicans (36%) to name jobs and the economy. Residents in Los Angeles (49%) are the most likely to name jobs and the economy, while those in the Central Valley (38%) are least likely. Latinos (56%) are far more likely than whites (37%) to name the economy, and mention of jobs and the economy decreases with increasing education and income. Whites (13%) are more likely than Latinos (3%) to name the state budget as the top issue, and the percentage naming the state budget increases with higher age, education, and income. “Thinking about the state as a whole, what do you think is the most important issue facing people in California today?” Top six issues mentioned All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind Jobs, economy 44% 47% 36% 44% State budget, deficit, taxes 9 10 12 11 Education, schools 6 845 Immigration, illegal immigration 6 2 12 5 Gasoline prices 5 565 Housing costs, availability 5 546 Likely Voters 41% 12 6 7 4 5 Californians continue to say that the state is headed in the wrong direction. Only one in five residents say California is going in the right direction, while 68 percent say it is going in the wrong direction. For a full year, at least half of Californians have said the state is headed in the wrong direction. This negative perception did not change from last month, but has increased 18 points since last September. Today, the view that the state is going in the wrong direction is widely held, and includes at least six in 10 across parties, regions, and demographic groups. Democrats (72%) and Republicans (68%) are somewhat more likely than independents (60%) to agree. Latinos are far more likely than whites (78% to 63%) and women are more likely than men (71% to 66%) to say the state is going in the wrong direction. “Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind Right direction 21% 19% 22% 27% 21% Wrong direction 68 72 68 60 67 Don’t know 11 9 10 13 12 16 PPIC Statewide Survey State and National Issues ECONOMIC OUTLOOK With 44 percent of Californians saying the economy is the most important issue facing the state today, nearly seven in 10 residents (68%) say that they expect bad times financially during the next 12 months in California. The current negative outlook is similar to last month (71%) and 9 points higher than last September. Today, at least six in 10 across all parties, regions, and demographic groups think that during the next 12 months California can expect bad times financially. Democrats (75%) and independents (70%) are more likely than Republicans (62%) to hold this view. Renters and homeowners alike are equally pessimistic in their outlook for the state (69% each). The perception that bad times can be expected increases with higher income and education levels. All Adults Homeownership Region Annual income Likely Voters “Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times?” Good times Bad times 20% 68% Own Rent 18 69 23 69 Central Valley San Francisco Bay Area Los Angeles 21 18 19 65 70 71 Other Southern California 23 66 Under $40,000 24 66 $40,000 to $79,999 22 67 $80,000 or more 17 73 17 72 Don't know 12% 13 8 14 12 10 11 10 11 10 11 With the economy on Californians’ minds and with the credit crisis affecting many residents, do Californians think the current housing situation will hurt their personal financial situation in the next year or so? About half of Californians say the situation will hurt their financial situation a great deal (31%) or somewhat (21%), while 44 percent say it will not. These perceptions were similar in December 2007 (28% great deal, 24% somewhat, 45% no). While there is a shared pessimism across parties about many economic issues, housing is not one of them. Democrats (54%) and independents (53%) are far more likely than Republicans (37%) to say that the housing situation will hurt their financial situation. This perception is higher among renters than homeowners, and decreases with higher age, education, and income. Yes, a great deal Yes, only somewhat No Don't know “Do you think the current housing situation in California will hurt your financial situation in the next year or so, or not?” All Adults 31% Under $40,000 43% Annual Income $40,000 to $79,999 28% $80,000 or more 21% Homeownership Own Rent 26% 39% 21 22 19 22 22 21 44 31 50 55 50 36 44 3 2 24 September 2008 17 Californians and Their Government STATE ELECTED OFFICIALS’ APPROVAL RATINGS Californians’ pessimism about the direction of the state and its economy and their frustration over a late state budget are reflected in their ratings of state leadership. Governor Schwarzenegger’s approval rating of 38 percent today holds steady from last month, but is 12 points lower than a year ago (50% approve, 38% disapprove). Across political parties, half of Republicans (53%) approve of the governor, while 61 percent of Democrats disapprove. Independents are divided (45% approve, 49% disapprove). Likely voters are slightly more approving than Californians overall in their assessment of the governor (42%). Across regions, residents in Los Angeles (64%) are the most likely to disapprove, followed by residents in the Other Southern California region (55%), San Francisco Bay Area (49%), and Central Valley (48%). Latinos (73%) are far more likely than whites (44%) to disapprove of the governor’s job performance. Governor Schwarzenegger’s approval ratings increase with higher age, education, and income. The state legislature fares much worse than the governor, recording a new low in its job approval rating, with just 21 percent of residents and 16 percent of likely voters approving of legislators’ job performance. In the past month, their approval rating has slid 5 points among residents (26% to 21%) and 4 points among likely voters (20% to 16%). The legislature has received majority disapproval ratings since the beginning of the year. Today, solid majorities across regional, political, and demographic groups disapprove of the legislature’s job performance. Whites (73%) are much more likely to disapprove of the legislature than Latinos (59%) and men (71%) are somewhat more likely than women (63%) to disapprove. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that…” All Adults Dem Party Rep … Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling his job as governor of California? Approve Disapprove Don't know 38% 33% 53% 55 61 39 768 … the California Legislature is handling its job? Approve Disapprove Don't know 21 21 13 67 68 79 12 11 8 Likely Voters Ind 45% 42% 49 51 67 21 16 70 76 98 Half of residents (50%) and likely voters (52%) today disapprove of the job their own state senate and assembly representatives are doing, and about one in three residents (34%) and likely voters (35%) approve. Since March, their approval ratings have declined 8 points among both residents (42% to 34%) and likely voters (43% to 35%). In September 2007, Californians were evenly divided (41% approve, 40% disapprove) in their assessments of the job performance of their own state legislators. Across parties today, Republicans (57%) are more likely to disapprove than independents (50%) and Democrats (47%). Across regions, Central Valley residents (54%) are the most likely to disapprove, followed by residents in Los Angeles (50%), the San Francisco Bay Area, and the Other Southern California region (47% each). Approve Disapprove Don't know “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the job that the state legislators representing your assembly and senate districts are doing at this time?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind 34% 37% 29% 39% 50 47 57 50 16 16 14 11 Likely Voters 35% 52 13 18 PPIC Statewide Survey State and National Issues FEDERAL ELECTED OFFICIALS’ APPROVAL RATINGS President Bush reaches a new low job approval rating among Californians this month (23% approve, 74% disapprove). Likely voters (28%) are somewhat more approving of the president. Although 59 percent of Republicans approve of Bush’s job performance, 80 percent of independents and 92 percent of Democrats disapprove. Californians today are only somewhat more negative in their assessments of the president than adults nationwide, according to a recent CBS News/New York Times poll (27% approve, 68% disapprove). Strong majorities across regions and demographic groups disapprove of the president’s job performance, with San Francisco Bay Area residents (84%), Latinos (83%), and residents under 35 (85%) among the most likely to express disapproval. The U.S. Congress also receives low marks from residents this month (29% approve, 63% disapprove). Findings today are similar to last month’s, but residents today are somewhat more disapproving than in March (33% approve, 55% disapprove) and last September (33% approve, 57% disapprove). Today across political parties, Republicans (77%) are much more disapproving of Congress than independents (64%) and Democrats (54%). At least six in 10 across regions disapprove of the job the U.S. Congress is doing, and whites (69%) and men (68%) are much more likely than Latinos (50%) and women (57%) to disapprove. Disapproval of the U.S. Congress increases with higher age, education, and income. “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way…” All Adults Dem Party Rep … that George W. Bush is handling his job as president of the United States? Approve Disapprove Don't know 23% 6% 74 92 32 59% 37 4 … the U.S. Congress is handling its job? Approve Disapprove Don't know 29 37 18 63 54 77 895 Likely Voters Ind 18% 28% 80 70 22 27 26 64 67 97 By comparison, the job approval ratings for Senators Dianne Feinstein (48%) and Barbara Boxer (44%) and for House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (40%) are higher than the overall approval for the U.S. Congress (29%). Californians also give their own House representatives higher approval ratings (49% approve, 31% disapprove); findings today are similar to those in March (47% approve, 30% disapprove) and last September (50% approve, 30% disapprove). Across parties today, Democrats (55%) and independents (54%) are more likely than Republicans (45%) to approve of their own House representatives. Across regions, residents in the San Francisco Bay Area (54%) and the Central Valley (50%) are the most approving of their own representatives, followed by residents in Los Angeles and the Other Southern California region (47% each). Latinos (54%) and women (52%) are somewhat more likely than whites (47%) and men (47%) to approve of their own representatives in the House. Approve Disapprove Don't know “Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress is handling his or her job?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind 49% 55% 45% 54% 31 29 39 30 20 16 16 16 Likely Voters 52% 33 15 September 2008 19 Californians and Their Government STATE BUDGET With a record-setting delay in the passage of a new state budget, Californians say the budget situation is a big problem (78%)—a 5-point increase from last month (73%), and a 14-point increase since January (64%) when the governor first released his budget plan. Strong majorities across regional, political, and demographic groups say the budget situation is a big problem. Three in four residents also say major changes (76%) are needed in the budget process, while 17 percent say minor changes are needed, and just 4 percent say it is fine the way it is. The view that major changes are needed has increased 11 points since May (65%) when the governor released his revised budget. At least seven in 10 residents across regional, political, and demographic groups hold this view. “Overall, do you think the state budget process in California, in terms of both revenues and spending, is in need of major changes, minor changes, or do you think it is fine the way it is?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind Major changes 76% 79% 83% 76% 79% Minor changes 17 17 13 16 16 Fine the way it is 4 224 3 Don't know 3 224 2 So how do Californians want to deal with the multibillion-dollar budget deficit facing the state? A plurality of residents (43%) and likely voters (48%) continue to favor a mix of spending cuts and tax increases, while fewer say the gap should be addressed mostly through spending cuts (36% adults, 37% likely voters). Far fewer still say they prefer tax increases alone (7%) or borrowing money and running a deficit (5%). Since January, most residents have said they prefer a mix of spending cuts and tax increases. Today, voters remain deeply divided along party lines in their preferences for a budget solution. With a record late budget agreement, how do Californians feel about changing the two-thirds vote requirement to a 55 percent majority for the legislature to pass a budget? A record percent of residents (49%) and likely voters (46%) think it would be a good idea. Democrats (54%) are more likely to say this is a good idea, while Republicans (50%) are more likely to say it is a bad idea, and independents are divided (46% good, 45% bad). A year ago, more adults (46%) and likely voters (56%) said this proposal to change the vote requirement was a bad idea. In addition, most residents think that strictly limiting the amount that state spending could increase each year is a good idea (62% good, 31% bad). Findings are similar among likely voters. Across parties, strong majorities of Republicans (77%) and independents (64%) say it is a good idea; half of Democrats (53%) also agree. “Spending and tax reforms have been proposed to address structural issues in the state budget. Please say whether you think the proposal is a good idea or a bad idea.” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind How about replacing the twothirds vote requirement with a 55 percent majority vote for the state legislature to pass a budget? Good idea Bad idea Don't know 49% 54% 40% 46% 46% 37 34 50 45 43 14 12 10 9 11 How about strictly limiting the amount of money that state spending could increase each year? Good idea Bad idea Don't know 62 53 77 64 63 31 39 19 30 30 78467 20 PPIC Statewide Survey State and National Issues CITIZENS’ INITIATIVES Given the generally low level of approval that Californians give to their state elected officials today, what or whom would they prefer to have the most influence over public policy? Thirty-eight percent of residents say they would prefer initiatives on the state ballot to have the most influence, 32 percent would prefer the legislature, and 20 percent say the governor; likely voters express similar preferences. Initiatives are preferred somewhat more now than in September 2006 (33% initiatives, 32% legislature, 23% governor). But many Californians also view the initiative process as flawed, with 64 percent saying major (36%) or minor (28%) changes are needed, while 29 percent say it is fine the way it is. Findings today are similar to those of September 2006 (37% major, 31% minor, 25% fine). Today, strong majorities across parties agree that changes, major or minor, are needed in the initiative process. Latinos (49%) are the most likely to say major changes are needed. Even among residents who prefer initiatives to have the most influence over public policy, 60 percent say either major (30%) or minor (30%) changes are needed. Major changes Minor changes Fine the way it is Don't know “Do you think the citizens’ initiative process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or that it is basically fine the way it is?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind 36% 36% 28% 29% 28 30 30 29 29 29 35 36 7 576 Likely Voters 30% 32 32 6 This November, 12 propositions are on the state ballot, including 10 citizens’ initiatives. What do residents think about the number of propositions on state ballots in general? Six in 10 residents and likely voters (59% each) agree that there are too many propositions on the state ballot. In September 2006, when there were 13 propositions on the upcoming ballot, including eight citizens’ initiatives, a similar number of residents (59%) and likely voters (58%) agreed. An even more widely held complaint about the initiative process concerns the wording of initiatives: 78 percent of residents and 84 percent of likely voters agree that initiative wording is often too complicated and confusing for voters to understand what would happen if an initiative passed. Strong majorities across regions, parties, and demographic groups agree. “For the following items, please say if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree.” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind Strongly agree 29% 33% 26% 33% 30% Somewhat agree 30 29 30 33 29 There are too many propositions on the state ballot. Somewhat disagree 24 25 25 22 26 Strongly disagree 12 9 15 9 12 Don't know 54433 Strongly agree 49 55 56 53 55 The ballot wording for citizens’ initiatives is often too Somewhat agree 29 29 26 33 29 complicated and confusing for Somewhat disagree 11 8 9 8 8 voters to understand what happens if the initiative passes. Strongly disagree 8 6 6 6 6 Don't know 3 2 3—2 September 2008 21 Californians and Their Government MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES With all of the attention that Californians say they are paying to news about the presidential candidates, what do they think about the two major political parties? A solid 79 percent of residents and 81 percent of likely voters say there are important differences in what Republicans and Democrats stand for overall, while 18 percent of residents and likely voters say there are not important differences. In September 2004, 75 percent of residents said there were important differences and 21 percent said there were not. Across parties today, more than eight in 10 Democrats (85%) and Republicans (83%) agree there are important differences, while 69 percent of independents say the same. Men (78%) and women (81%), Latinos and whites (80% each), and evangelical Christians (81%) and others (79%) similarly agree that there are important differences between Republicans and Democrats. Of likely voters supporting either the Republican or Democratic ticket, both groups (86% Obama-Biden, 80% McCain-Palin) think there are important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for. “Overall, do you think there are any important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind Yes, there are important differences 79% 85% 83% 69% No, there are not important differences 18 14 16 29 Don't know 3112 Likely Voters 81% 18 1 Despite 79 percent of Californians saying there are important differences between the two parties, a slim majority say they would like to see a third major party. Fifty-two percent of residents and likely voters say the Democratic and Republican parties do such a poor job of representing the American people that a third major party is needed, while 41 percent of residents and likely voters say the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people. Not surprisingly, independents are the most likely to say a third major party is needed, while Democrats and Republicans give a more mixed assessment. The perception that the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job of representation is much higher among evangelical Christians than among others (49% to 38%). Compared to four years ago, Californians today are somewhat more likely to say a third major party is needed (2004: 48% adequate job, 46% third party needed). Findings among independents today are nearly identical to four years ago (2004: 34% adequate job, 62% third party needed). While Democrats are about as likely as they were four years ago to say the two major parties are doing an adequate job (51% in 2004 to 48% today), Republicans are much less likely than they were four years ago to say so (58% in 2004 to 44% today). “In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind Adequate job 41% 48% 44% 35% 41% Third party is needed 52 44 49 62 52 Don't know 7873 7 22 PPIC Statewide Survey State and National Issues ELECTION IMPORTANCE How much interest is this presidential election generating with the public at large, including voting and nonvoting adults? Echoing likely voters, two in three Californians (67%) say they are more interested in politics this year than they were in 2004, the last presidential election year. Twelve percent of residents are less interested, and 21 percent volunteer that they are as interested as they were in 2004. In August 2004, findings were nearly identical (64% more interested, 12% less interested, 23% same amount of interest) when comparing interest in politics that year to interest in 2000. Today, more than six in 10 residents across regions, racial/ethnic, gender, age, education, and income groups say they are more interested this year than they were in 2004. Across voter groups, more than six in 10 Democrats (69%), independents (65%), and Republicans (64%) say they are more interested. Independents (17%) are somewhat more likely than Republicans (10%) and Democrats (8%) to say they are less interested this year than they were in 2004. Two in three likely voters supporting Obama-Biden and two in three supporting McCain-Palin say they are more interested in politics this time around. More interested Less interested Same (volunteered) Don't know “Are you more interested or less interested in politics this year than you were in 2004—the last presidential election year?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Ind 67% 69% 64% 65% 12 8 10 17 21 23 25 17 —— 1 1 Likely Voters 65% 8 26 1 In terms of making progress on important issues facing the country, 75 percent of residents believe that it really matters who wins the 2008 presidential election. One in five residents (21%) say things will pretty much be the same regardless of who is elected president. In September 2004, 71 percent of residents said it really mattered who won, while 26 percent said things would pretty much be the same. More than two in three residents across regional and demographic groups today believe the election outcome really matters when it comes to making progress on important issues. Across parties, strong majorities believe the outcome will matter, although Democrats (85%) are more likely to hold this view than Republicans (76%) or independents (71%). Likely voters supporting Obama-Biden (88%) are somewhat more likely than those supporting McCain-Palin (77%) to say it really matters who wins the election. “As far as making progress on the important issues facing the country is concerned, does it really matter who wins the 2008 presidential election, or will things pretty much be the same regardless of who is elected president?” All Adults Dem Party Rep Likely Voters Ind Really matters 75% 85% 76% 71% 79% Things will be the same 21 13 20 24 18 Other (volunteered) 1111 1 Don't know 3134 2 September 2008 23 REGIONAL MAP 24 METHODOLOGY The PPIC Statewide Survey is directed by Mark Baldassare, president and CEO and survey director at the Public Policy Institute of California, with research support from Jennifer Paluch, project manager for this survey, and survey research associates Dean Bonner, Sonja Petek, and Nicole Fox. The Californians and Their Government series is currently supported with funding from The James Irvine Foundation. We benefit from discussions with PPIC staff, foundation staff, and other policy experts; however, the methods, questions, and content of this report were solely determined by Mark Baldassare and the survey staff. The findings in this report are based on a telephone survey of 2,002 California adult residents interviewed from September 9–16, 2008. Interviewing took place on weekday nights and weekend days, using a computer-generated random sample of telephone numbers that ensured that both listed and unlisted numbers were called. All landline telephone exchanges in California were eligible. Telephone numbers in the survey sample were called as many as six times to increase the likelihood of reaching eligible households. Once a household was reached, an adult respondent (age 18 or older) was randomly chosen for interviewing using the “last birthday method” to avoid biases in age and gender. Each interview took an average of 18 minutes to complete. Interviewing was conducted in English or Spanish. Accent on Languages, Inc. translated the survey into Spanish with assistance from Renatta DeFever. Abt SRBI Inc. conducted the telephone interviewing. We used recent U.S. Census and state data to compare the demographic characteristics of the survey sample with characteristics of California’s adult population. The survey sample was closely comparable to the census and state figures. The survey data in this report were statistically weighted to account for any demographic differences. The sampling error for the total sample of 2,002 adults is +/- 2 percent at the 95 percent confidence level. This means that 95 times out of 100, the results will be within 2 percentage points of what they would be if all adults in California were interviewed. The sampling error for subgroups is larger: For the 1,467 registered voters, it is +/- 2.5 percent; for the 1,157 likely voters, it is +/-3 percent. Sampling error is only one type of error to which surveys are subject. Results may also be affected by factors such as question wording, question order, and survey timing. We present results for four geographic regions, accounting for approximately 90 percent of the state population. “Central Valley” includes Butte, Colusa, El Dorado, Fresno, Glenn, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Placer, Sacramento, San Joaquin, Shasta, Stanislaus, Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba Counties. “San Francisco Bay Area” includes Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma Counties. “Los Angeles” refers to Los Angeles County, and “Other Southern California” includes Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties. Residents from other geographic areas are included in the results reported for all adults, registered voters, and likely voters. Sample sizes for these less populated areas are not large enough to report separately. We present specific results for Latinos because they account for about 30 percent of the state’s adult population and constitute one of the fastest growing voter groups. Sample sizes for African Americans and Asian Americans are not large enough for separate analysis. We compare the opinions of registered Democrats, Republicans, and independents (those who are registered as “decline to state”). We also include the responses of “likely voters”— those who are most likely to vote in the state’s elections based on past voting, current interest, and voting intentions. Following up on previous PPIC Statewide Surveys, we also asked parents about their children’s summer activities (see Questionnaire and Results, D5 to D5e), including questions from a national survey by Public Agenda. We compare current PPIC Statewide Survey results to those in our earlier surveys and to those in national surveys by CBS News/New York Times, ABC News/Washington Post, Gallup, Gallup/USA Today, and the Pew Research Center. 25 QUESTIONNAIRE AND RESULTS CALIFORNIANS AND THEIR GOVERNMENT September 9–16, 2008 2,002 California Adult Residents: English, Spanish MARGIN OF ERROR +/- 2% AT 95% CONFIDENCE LEVEL FOR TOTAL SAMPLE 1. First, thinking about the state as a whole, what do you think is the most important issue facing people in California today? [code, don’t read] 44% jobs, economy 9 state budget, deficit, taxes 6 education, schools 6 immigration, illegal immigration 5 gasoline prices 5 housing costs, housing availability, subprime housing crisis 4 health care, health costs 3 crime, gangs, drugs 2 environment, pollution 2 gay rights, same-sex marriages 11 other 3 don’t know 2. Do you think things in California are generally going in the right direction or the wrong direction? 21% right direction 68 wrong direction 11 don’t know 3. Turning to economic conditions in California, do you think that during the next 12 months we will have good times financially or bad times? 20% good times 68 bad times 12 don’t know 4. Do you think the current housing situation in California will hurt your financial situation in the next year or so, or not? (if yes: do you think it will hurt your financial situation a great deal or only somewhat?) 31% yes, a great deal 21 yes, only somewhat 44 no 4 don’t know 5. Next, some people are registered to vote and others are not. Are you absolutely certain that you are registered to vote in California? 73% yes [ask q5a] 26 no [skip to q6b] 1 don’t know [skip to q6b] 5a. Are you registered as a Democrat, a Republican, another party, or as an independent? 42% Democrat [ask q6] 32 Republican [skip to q6a] 5 another party [specify] [skip to q7] 21 independent [skip to q6b] 6. Would you call yourself a strong Democrat or not a very strong Democrat? 66% strong 32 not very strong 2 don’t know [skip to q7] 27 Californians and Their Government 6a. Would you call yourself a strong Republican or not a very strong Republican? 62% strong 34 not very strong 4 don’t know [skip to q7] 6b. Do you think of yourself as closer to the Republican Party or Democratic Party? 22% Republican Party 46 Democratic Party 24 neither (volunteered) 8 don’t know [delayed skip: if q5=no or don’t know, skip to q23] [responses recorded for questions 7 to 22 are for likely voters only] 7. If the November 4th presidential election were being held today, would you vote for [rotate] the Democratic ticket of Barack Obama and Joe Biden, [or] the Republican ticket of John McCain and Sarah Palin? 50% Barack Obama and Joe Biden 40 John McCain and Sarah Palin 3 someone else (specify) 7 don’t know 8. In general, would you say you are satisfied or not satisfied with your choices of candidates in the election for U.S. President on November 4th? 64% satisfied 32 not satisfied 4 don’t know 9. Next, there will be a series of presidential debates leading up to the November 4th election. Which one issue would you most like to hear the presidential candidates talk about during the presidential debates? [code, don’t read] 40% economy, jobs 12 Iraq situation, war in Iraq 7 immigration, illegal immigration 6 health care, health costs 4 energy, energy supply 3 education, schools 3 foreign policy 2 federal budget, deficit spending, taxes 2 gay rights, same-sex marriages 2 terrorism, security issues 14 other 5 don’t know Regardless of your choice for president, which of these candidates would do the better job on each of these issues—[rotate names] John McCain [or] Barack Obama? First… [rotate questions 10 to 13] 10.Which candidate would do a better job on the situation in Iraq? 44% John McCain 49 Barack Obama 2 other (specify) 5 don’t know 11.Which candidate would do a better job on energy policy? 38% John McCain 51 Barack Obama 1 other (specify) 10 don’t know 28 PPIC Statewide Survey 12.Which candidate would do a better job on jobs and the economy? 37% John McCain 53 Barack Obama 1 other (specify) 9 don’t know 12a.Which candidate would do a better job on health care? 29% John McCain 57 Barack Obama 3 other (specify) 11 don’t know 12b.Which candidate would do a better job on immigration? 40% John McCain 42 Barack Obama 2 other (specify) 16 don’t know 13.Which candidate would do a better job on foreign policy? 51% John McCain 43 Barack Obama 1 other (specify) 5 don’t know 14.Next, how closely are you following news about candidates for the 2008 presidential election? 52% very closely 39 fairly closely 7 not too closely 1 not at all closely 1 don’t know 15.In deciding who to vote for in the November 4th presidential election, how important to you are the candidates' performances in public debates? 38% very important 41 somewhat important 13 not too important 7 not at all important 1 don’t know Questionnaire and Results 16.Thinking about the presidential election that will be held this November, are you more enthusiastic about voting than usual, or less enthusiastic? 65% more enthusiastic 20 less enthusiastic 14 same (volunteered) 1 don’t know Changing topics, [rotate 3 blocks of questions randomly: (1) 17, 18; (2) 19, 20 (3) 21, 22] 17.Proposition 4 is called the “Waiting Period and Parental Notification Before Termination of Minor’s Pregnancy Initiative Constitutional Amendment.” It changes the California Constitution, prohibiting abortion for unemancipated minors until 48 hours after physician notifies minor’s parent, legal guardian, or in limited cases, substitute adult relative. It provides an exception for medical emergency or parental waiver. Fiscal impact is potential unknown net state costs of several million dollars annually for health and social services programs, court administration, and state health agency administration combined. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 4? 48% yes 41 no 11 don’t know 18.How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 4—is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 47% very important 32 somewhat important 12 not too important 5 not at all important 4 don’t know September 2008 29 Californians and Their Government 19.Proposition 8 is called the “Eliminates Right of Same-Sex Couples to Marry Initiative Constitutional Amendment.” It changes the California Constitution to eliminate the right of same-sex couples to marry. It provides that only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California. Fiscal impact over the next few years includes potential revenue loss, mainly sales taxes, totaling in the several tens of millions of dollars, to state and local governments. In the long run, it will likely have little fiscal impact on state and local governments. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 8? 41% yes 55 no 4 don’t know 20.How important to you is the outcome of the vote on Proposition 8—is it very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? 54% very important 26 somewhat important 13 not too important 7 not at all important 21.Proposition 11 is called the “Redistricting Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute.” It changes authority for establishing state office boundaries from elected representatives to a commission. It establishes a multilevel process to select commissioners from the registered voter pool. The Commission will be comprised of Democrats, Republicans, and representatives of neither party. Fiscal impact is potential increase in state redistricting costs once every ten years due to two entities performing redistricting. Any increase in costs probably would not be significant. If the election were held today, would you vote yes or no on Proposition 11? 38% yes 33 no 29 don’t know 30 PPIC Statewide Survey 22.Do you think the way the governor and legislature go about the redistricting process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or is it fine the way it is? 43% major changes 26 minor changes 16 fine the way it is 15 don’t know 23.Changing topics, overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Arnold Schwarzenegger is handling his job as governor of California? 38% approve 55 disapprove 7 don’t know 24.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that the California Legislature is handling its job? 21% approve 67 disapprove 12 don’t know 25.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the job that the state legislators representing your assembly and senate districts are doing at this time? 34% approve 50 disapprove 16 don’t know 26.On another topic, do you think the state budget situation in California—that is, the balance between government spending and revenues—is a big problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem for the people of California today? 78% big problem 19 somewhat of a problem 1 not a problem 2 don’t know 27.As you may know, the state government has an annual budget of around $100 billion dollars and currently faces a multibillion dollar gap between spending and revenues. How would you prefer to deal with the state's budget gap—mostly through spending cuts, mostly through tax increases, through a mix of spending cuts and tax increases, or do you think that it is okay for the state to borrow money and run a budget deficit? 36% mostly through spending cuts 7 mostly through tax increases 43 through a mix of spending cuts and tax increases 5 okay to borrow money and run a budget deficit 3 other (specify) 6 don’t know 28.Overall, do you think the state budget process in California, in terms of both revenues and spending, is in need of major changes, minor changes, or do you think it is fine the way it is? 76% major changes 17 minor changes 4 fine the way it is 3 don’t know Spending and tax reforms have been proposed to address structural issues in the state budget. For each of the following, please say whether you think the proposal is a good idea or a bad idea. [rotate questions 29 and 30] 29.How about replacing the two-thirds vote requirement with a 55 percent majority vote for the state legislature to pass a budget? 49% good idea 37 bad idea 14 don’t know 30.How about strictly limiting the amount of money that state spending could increase each year? 62% good idea 31 bad idea 7 don’t know Questionnaire and Results 31.On another topic, in California state government today, which of the following would you prefer to have the most influence over public policy—[rotate] the governor, the legislature, [or] initiatives on the state ballot? 38% initiatives on the state ballot 32 the legislature 20 the governor 1 other (specify) 9 don’t know California uses the direct initiative process, which enables voters to bypass the legislature and have issues put on the ballot—as state propositions—for voter approval or rejection. 32.Do you think the citizens’ initiative process in California is in need of major changes, minor changes, or that it is basically fine the way it is? 36% major changes 28 minor changes 29 fine the way it is 7 don’t know For the following items, please say if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. [rotate questions 33 and 34] 33.There are too many propositions on the state ballot. 29% strongly agree 30 somewhat agree 24 somewhat disagree 12 strongly disagree 5 don’t know 34.The ballot wording for citizens’ initiatives is often too complicated and confusing for voters to understand what happens if the initiative passes. 49% strongly agree 29 somewhat agree 11 somewhat disagree 8 strongly disagree 3 don’t know September 2008 31 Californians and Their Government 35.Changing topics, overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that George W. Bush is handling his job as president of the United States? 23% approve 74 disapprove 3 don’t know [rotate questions 36 and 37] 36.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Dianne Feinstein is handling her job as U.S. Senator? 48% approve 37 disapprove 15 don’t know 37.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way that Barbara Boxer is handling her job as U.S. Senator? 44% approve 39 disapprove 17 don’t know 38.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. Congress is handling its job? 29% approve 63 disapprove 8 don’t know 39.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi is handling her job? 40% approve 44 disapprove 16 don’t know 40.Overall, do you approve or disapprove of the way your own representative to the U.S. House of Representatives in Congress is handling his or her job? 49% approve 31 disapprove 20 don’t know Changing topics, [rotate questions 41 and 42] 41.Overall, do you think there are any important differences in what the Republicans and Democrats stand for? 79% yes, important differences 18 no, no important differences 3 don’t know 42.In your view, do the Republican and Democratic parties do an adequate job representing the American people, or do they do such a poor job that a third major party is needed? 41% adequate job 52 third party is needed 7 don’t know 43.Next, would you consider yourself to be politically: [read list, rotate order top to bottom] 11% very liberal 22 somewhat liberal 28 middle-of-the-road 23 somewhat conservative 12 very conservative 4 don’t know 44.Generally speaking, how much interest would you say you have in politics? 31% great deal 41 fair amount 24 only a little 4 none 45.Are you more interested or less interested in politics this year than you were in 2004— the last presidential election year? 67% more interested 12 less interested 21 same (volunteered) 32 PPIC Statewide Survey 46.As far as making progress on the important issues facing the country is concerned, does it really matter who wins the 2008 presidential election, or will things pretty much be the same regardless of who is elected president? 75% really matters who wins 21 things will pretty much be the same regardless 1 other (specify) 3 don’t know [d1-d4: demographic questions] [d5-d5e asked only of parents of children ages 5 to 15] Now thinking about your oldest or only child between the ages of 5 and 15, D5.Are you generally satisfied with the organized activities and programs available to your child during the summer months, or do you find that you really don’t have enough good options? 64% generally satisfied with the organized activities and programs 34 really don’t have enough good options 2 don’t know When you think about your child’s summer, how concerned are you—if at all—about each of the following? [rotate d5a through d5d] D5a.How about that you might have trouble finding someone to take care of him or her? 26% very concerned 15 somewhat concerned 17 not too concerned 42 not at all concerned Questionnaire and Results D5b.How about that she or he will fall behind in academics? 39% very concerned 18 somewhat concerned 13 not too concerned 29 not at all concerned 1 don’t know D5c.How about that you won’t be able to afford the things she or he wants to do? 45% very concerned 25 somewhat concerned 12 not too concerned 18 not at all concerned D5d.How about that there’s not enough things to capture his or her interest? 33% very concerned 21 somewhat concerned 15 not too concerned 30 not at all concerned 1 don’t know D5e.How important is it to have your child engaged in physical activities and the outdoors during the summer? 87% very important 11 somewhat important 2 not too important [d6-d16: demographic questions] September 2008 33 PPIC STATEWIDE SURVEY ADVISORY COMMITTEE Ruben Barrales President and Chief Executive Officer San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Angela Blackwell Founder and Chief Executive Officer PolicyLink Paul Brest President The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Mollyann Brodie Vice President Kaiser Family Foundation Bruce E. Cain Executive Director Institute of Governmental Studies University of California, Washington Center James E. Canales President The James Irvine Foundation Jon Cohen Director of Polling The Washington Post Matthew K. Fong Special Counsel Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton, LLP Russell Hancock President and Chief Executive Officer Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network William Hauck President California Business Roundtable Sherry Bebitch Jeffe Senior Scholar School of Policy, Planning, and Development University of Southern California Carol S. Larson President and Chief Executive Officer The David and Lucile Packard Foundation Monica Lozano Publisher and Chief Executive Officer La Opinión Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Dan Rosenheim News Director KPIX-TV Robert K. Ross, M.D. President and Chief Executive Officer The California Endowment Cathy Taylor Vice President and Editorial Commentary Director Orange County Register Raymond L. Watson Vice Chairman of the Board Emeritus The Irvine Company Carol Whiteside President Emeritus Great Valley Center The PPIC Statewide Survey Advisory Committee is a diverse group of experts who provide advice on survey issues. However, survey methods, questions, content, and timing are determined solely by PPIC. PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA BOARD OF DIRECTORS Thomas C. Sutton, Chair Retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Pacific Life Insurance Company Mark Baldassare President and Chief Executive Officer Public Policy Institute of California Ruben Barrales President and Chief Executive Officer San Diego Regional Chamber of Commerce Gary K. Hart Former State Senator and Secretary of Education State of California Walter B. Hewlett Director Center for Computer Assisted Research in the Humanities Donna Lucas Chief Executive Officer Lucas Public Affairs Leon E. Panetta Director The Leon & Sylvia Panetta Institute for Public Policy Ki Suh Park Design and Managing Partner Gruen Associates Constance L. Rice Co-Director The Advancement Project Raymond L. Watson Vice Chairman of the Board Emeritus The Irvine Company Carol Whiteside President Emeritus Great Valley Center Copyright © 2008 Public Policy Institute of California All rights reserved San Francisco, CA Short sections of text, not to exceed three paragraphs, may be quoted without written permission provided that full attribution is given to the source and the above copyright notice is included. PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE OF CALIFORNIA 500 Washington Street, Suite 600 San Francisco, California 94111 phone: 415.291.4400 fax: 415.291.4401 PPIC Sacramento Center Senator Office Building 1121 L Street, Suite 801 Sacramento, California 95814 phone: 916.440.1120 fax: 916.440.1121 www.ppic.org survey@ppic.org" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:39:42" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(8) "s_908mbs" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 02:39:42" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2017-05-20 09:39:42" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["guid"]=> string(50) "http://148.62.4.17/wp-content/uploads/S_908MBS.pdf" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_mime_type"]=> string(15) "application/pdf" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" ["status"]=> string(7) "inherit" ["attachment_authors"]=> bool(false) }