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JTF WICJTF

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object(Timber\Post)#3726 (44) { ["ImageClass"]=> string(12) "Timber\Image" ["PostClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Post" ["TermClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Term" ["object_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["custom"]=> array(5) { ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(14) "JTF_WICJTF.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(5) "96369" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(6059) "PPIC.ORG The WIC Program in California Monica Bandy  WIC promotes nutrition and health for new mothers, pregnant women , and young children . The federally funded Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women , Infants, and Children (WIC) is supervised in California by the state Department of Public Health and administered by 84 local WIC agencies. It is the state’s third largest federal nutrition program after CalFresh, California’s food stamp program , and subsidized school meals . In the 2014 federal fiscal year, it provided more than $ 764 million in food benefits to Californians . Research has found that WIC boosts infant birth weight, encourages breastfeeding, and promotes child health.  WIC helps California’s most vulnerable residents . WIC support s pregnant women, those who have recently given birth, and young children who have low incomes . W omen are eligible during pregnancy and up to six months after birth. Children are eligible from birth to age 5. To qualify, participants must show they are currently enrolled in Medi -Cal health insurance, CalWORKs cash assistance, or CalFresh nutrition assistance . Alternatively, they are eligible if their income is under 185% of the federal poverty line, currently $44,863 for a family of four. In addition, applicants are evaluated for nutrition and health risks . WI C participants must purchase specific foods (for example, milk and eggs) using vouchers and attend classes that encourage healthy eating and support breastfeeding. They may also be referred to other social services.  California has the highest coverage rat e in the nation . California’s average monthly WIC enrollment was nearly 1.4 million women, infants, and children in the 2014 federal fiscal year . Nearly 80% of recipients are children. Estimates indicate that 82.1% of Californians eligible for WIC received benefits in 2012 . That represented the highest coverage rate in the country and was well above the national rate of 63.1% . California’s coverage rate has consistently been above the national rate and has been increasing every year since 2009, when it was 73.7%.  WIC child enrollment levels vary by county. In California’s 2014 fiscal year , 32.4% of all young children received WIC. E nrollment levels varied considerably across counties . The largest shares of children receiving WIC benefits lived i n Kern (49.6% ), Yuba (47.6%), Merced ( 47.0%), and Los Angeles ( 46.1%) Counties. Relatively fewer children participated in Placer (11.0%), Marin ( 12.5%), and Orange ( 15.1%) C ount ies.  Latinos represen t the largest share of WIC recipients in California . Because Latinos comprise the largest share of California’s low -income young children, they make up the highest percentage of WIC recipients. Latinos made up 77.9% of women, 65.7% of infants , and 72.9% of children enrolled in WIC in 2011– 12. W hites came next, accounting for 12.2% of women , 18.1% of infants , and 15.3% of children . Indeed, shares of low -income young children in California are essentially identical to shares on WIC: Latinos made up 69. 1% of all young children living in families with incomes less than 250% of the federal poverty level (or $ 57,625 for a family of four ). W hites made up 15. 2% of young children approximately income eligible for WIC . All other racial groups combined comprise d 15.8 % of such young children.  Many WIC recipients also participate in other safety net programs. The local administration of WIC and the fact that women become eligible during pregnancy mean that the program can serve the i mportant function of connecting young children to other social services. Nationally, more than 90% of pregnant women participat ing in WIC are enrolled by the ir second trimester, while 92.5% of WIC infants are enrolled before three months of age. Most WIC participants in California report they are insured through Medi -Cal —among young children on WIC in 2012, 71.6% were on Medi -Cal and 58.1% received benefits from CalFresh. JULY 2015 THE WIC PROGRAM IN CALIFORNIA JULY 2015 PPIC.ORG Latinos make up the majority of young children on WIC Source: Author’s calculations from the 2012 American Communi ty Survey. WIC enrollment levels vary across the state County Percent of young children County Percent of young children County Percent of young children Statewide total 32.4% Marin 12.5% San Mateo 15.2% Alameda 23.2 Mendocino 33.9 Santa Barbara 37.6 Alpine, Amador, Calaveras, Inyo, Mariposa, Mono, Tuolumne 24.8 Merced 47.0 Santa Clara 16.2 Butte 30.9 Monterey 34.8 Santa Cruz 29.5 Colusa, Glenn, Tehama, Trinity 29.6 Napa 26.3 Shasta 36.2 Contra Costa 17.7 Nevada 19.6 Sierra 29.5 Del Norte, Lassen, Modoc, Plumas, Siskiyou 21.4 Orange 15.1 Solano 23.3 El Dorado 18.2 Placer 11.0 Sonoma 22.5 Fresno 43.4 Riverside 33.1 Stanislaus 30.4 Humboldt 37.3 Sacramento 29.3 Sutter 33.1 Imperial 33.9 San Benito 30.9 Tulare 39.9 Kern 49.6 San Bernardino 30.0 Ventura 24.6 Kings 38.0 San Diego 27.8 Yolo 25.4 Lake 42.9 San Francisco 20.3 Yuba 47.6 Los Angeles 46.1 San Joaquin 35.2 Madera 45.6 San Luis Obispo 20.5 Source s: Author ’s calculations from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program ( SEER) county level population files for children under age 6 ( 2013); California Department of Public Health administrative data (FY 2014). Note: Counties with no local WIC agencies are grouped with nearby counties. Sources: California D epartment of Public H ealth administrative d ata and website; United States D epartment o f Agriculture F ood and N utrition Service national and state estimates for WIC; California Health Interview Survey; Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) county level population files; author’s calculations from the 2012 American Community Survey; Currie, Janet & Rossin-Sla ter, Maya. Early-Life Origins of Life-cy cle well-being: Research and policy implications (2015). Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. Con tact: bandy@ppic.org 69.2% 14.5% 16.3% Latino White All other races" } ["___content":protected]=> string(106) "

JTF WICJTF

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The federally funded Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women , Infants, and Children (WIC) is supervised in California by the state Department of Public Health and administered by 84 local WIC agencies. It is the state’s third largest federal nutrition program after CalFresh, California’s food stamp program , and subsidized school meals . In the 2014 federal fiscal year, it provided more than $ 764 million in food benefits to Californians . Research has found that WIC boosts infant birth weight, encourages breastfeeding, and promotes child health.  WIC helps California’s most vulnerable residents . WIC support s pregnant women, those who have recently given birth, and young children who have low incomes . W omen are eligible during pregnancy and up to six months after birth. Children are eligible from birth to age 5. To qualify, participants must show they are currently enrolled in Medi -Cal health insurance, CalWORKs cash assistance, or CalFresh nutrition assistance . Alternatively, they are eligible if their income is under 185% of the federal poverty line, currently $44,863 for a family of four. In addition, applicants are evaluated for nutrition and health risks . WI C participants must purchase specific foods (for example, milk and eggs) using vouchers and attend classes that encourage healthy eating and support breastfeeding. They may also be referred to other social services.  California has the highest coverage rat e in the nation . California’s average monthly WIC enrollment was nearly 1.4 million women, infants, and children in the 2014 federal fiscal year . Nearly 80% of recipients are children. Estimates indicate that 82.1% of Californians eligible for WIC received benefits in 2012 . That represented the highest coverage rate in the country and was well above the national rate of 63.1% . California’s coverage rate has consistently been above the national rate and has been increasing every year since 2009, when it was 73.7%.  WIC child enrollment levels vary by county. In California’s 2014 fiscal year , 32.4% of all young children received WIC. E nrollment levels varied considerably across counties . The largest shares of children receiving WIC benefits lived i n Kern (49.6% ), Yuba (47.6%), Merced ( 47.0%), and Los Angeles ( 46.1%) Counties. Relatively fewer children participated in Placer (11.0%), Marin ( 12.5%), and Orange ( 15.1%) C ount ies.  Latinos represen t the largest share of WIC recipients in California . Because Latinos comprise the largest share of California’s low -income young children, they make up the highest percentage of WIC recipients. Latinos made up 77.9% of women, 65.7% of infants , and 72.9% of children enrolled in WIC in 2011– 12. W hites came next, accounting for 12.2% of women , 18.1% of infants , and 15.3% of children . Indeed, shares of low -income young children in California are essentially identical to shares on WIC: Latinos made up 69. 1% of all young children living in families with incomes less than 250% of the federal poverty level (or $ 57,625 for a family of four ). W hites made up 15. 2% of young children approximately income eligible for WIC . All other racial groups combined comprise d 15.8 % of such young children.  Many WIC recipients also participate in other safety net programs. The local administration of WIC and the fact that women become eligible during pregnancy mean that the program can serve the i mportant function of connecting young children to other social services. Nationally, more than 90% of pregnant women participat ing in WIC are enrolled by the ir second trimester, while 92.5% of WIC infants are enrolled before three months of age. Most WIC participants in California report they are insured through Medi -Cal —among young children on WIC in 2012, 71.6% were on Medi -Cal and 58.1% received benefits from CalFresh. JULY 2015 THE WIC PROGRAM IN CALIFORNIA JULY 2015 PPIC.ORG Latinos make up the majority of young children on WIC Source: Author’s calculations from the 2012 American Communi ty Survey. WIC enrollment levels vary across the state County Percent of young children County Percent of young children County Percent of young children Statewide total 32.4% Marin 12.5% San Mateo 15.2% Alameda 23.2 Mendocino 33.9 Santa Barbara 37.6 Alpine, Amador, Calaveras, Inyo, Mariposa, Mono, Tuolumne 24.8 Merced 47.0 Santa Clara 16.2 Butte 30.9 Monterey 34.8 Santa Cruz 29.5 Colusa, Glenn, Tehama, Trinity 29.6 Napa 26.3 Shasta 36.2 Contra Costa 17.7 Nevada 19.6 Sierra 29.5 Del Norte, Lassen, Modoc, Plumas, Siskiyou 21.4 Orange 15.1 Solano 23.3 El Dorado 18.2 Placer 11.0 Sonoma 22.5 Fresno 43.4 Riverside 33.1 Stanislaus 30.4 Humboldt 37.3 Sacramento 29.3 Sutter 33.1 Imperial 33.9 San Benito 30.9 Tulare 39.9 Kern 49.6 San Bernardino 30.0 Ventura 24.6 Kings 38.0 San Diego 27.8 Yolo 25.4 Lake 42.9 San Francisco 20.3 Yuba 47.6 Los Angeles 46.1 San Joaquin 35.2 Madera 45.6 San Luis Obispo 20.5 Source s: Author ’s calculations from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program ( SEER) county level population files for children under age 6 ( 2013); California Department of Public Health administrative data (FY 2014). Note: Counties with no local WIC agencies are grouped with nearby counties. Sources: California D epartment of Public H ealth administrative d ata and website; United States D epartment o f Agriculture F ood and N utrition Service national and state estimates for WIC; California Health Interview Survey; Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) county level population files; author’s calculations from the 2012 American Community Survey; Currie, Janet & Rossin-Sla ter, Maya. Early-Life Origins of Life-cy cle well-being: Research and policy implications (2015). Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. 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