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object(Timber\Post)#3711 (44) { ["ImageClass"]=> string(12) "Timber\Image" ["PostClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Post" ["TermClass"]=> string(11) "Timber\Term" ["object_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["custom"]=> array(5) { ["_wp_attached_file"]=> string(33) "JTF_UndocumentedImmigrantsJTF.pdf" ["wpmf_size"]=> string(5) "99592" ["wpmf_filetype"]=> string(3) "pdf" ["wpmf_order"]=> string(1) "0" ["searchwp_content"]=> string(6593) "PPIC.ORG Undocumented Immigrants in California Joseph Hayes and Laura Hill  California is home to more than two million undocumented immigrants . Undocumented (also known as illegal or unauthorized) immigrants are not directly identified in any representative national or state surveys . But the best estimates suggest that in 2014 , the year of the most recent data available, California was home to bet ween 2.35 and 2.6 million undocumented immigrants. Nearly a quarter of the nation’s undocumented immigrants reside in California, where they constitute more than 6% of the state’s population. Nationally, the undocumented population has stabilized at approx imately 11 million, following a slight decline after 2007. A combination of increased enforcement, voluntary returns, and fewer new migrants has increased the average length of residence in the United States , with 66% of undocumented immigrants having lived here for 10 or more years.  Most undocumented immigrants are from Latin America . Nationwide, 78% of undocumented immigrants are from Latin America —a slight majority (52%) come from Mexico alone. Most of the others (13%) are from Asia, although Africa and Europe also account for hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants in the US. The Pew Research Center (PRC) estimates that as of 2014, 71% of California’s undocumented population was Mexican-born.  Nearly one in ten California workers is a n undocumented immigrant . California’s labor force includes about 1. 75 million undocumented immigrants , according to the PRC. This is the second -highest statewide concentration of undocumented workers (9.0%) in the US after Nevada (10.4%) . Undocumented imm igrants work disproportionately in agriculture , construction, and manufacturing.  Many undocumented immigrant s live with family member s who are citizens. M ore than 5 million children in the US have an undocumented parent , according to estimates from the Migration Policy Institute, and most of these children (79%) are US citizens . It is likely that 12.3% of California’s K –12 school children have an undocumented parent , according to PRC estimates. Nationally, more than 750, 000 young people have received deportation relief and work permits through a federal program called Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), which confers legal status upon those who came to the US as undocumented children. More than 200,000 DACA rec ipients live in California , according to the US Citizenship and Immigration Services . The future of the DACA program is very much uncertain. President Trump has sent mixed signals , while some members of Congress have vowed to fight for the program.  Counties vary in their sanctuary policies for undocumented immigrants . Some California city and county leaders have stated that they will provide sanctuary for undocumented immigrants —this refer s to limit ing local assistance to federal immigration enforcem ent. However, no sanctuary policy can universally prevent deportations. Further, county jails provide the FBI with fingerprints from all book ings, which the FBI then sends to Immigration and Customs Enforcement . Even if individual cities have a sanctuary p olicy, county law enforcement supersedes city policies if undocumented immigrants are placed in county jails.  A m ajorit y of Californians back a path to legal status. Since January 2016, the PPIC Statewide Survey has asked Californians four times whether “there should be a way for [undocumented immigrants] to stay in the country legally, if certain requirements are met.” Each time, 82% or more have supported this idea. In January 2017, 65% of adults favored the idea of “California state and local governments making their own policies and taking actions, separate from the federal government, to protect the legal rights of undocumented immigrants in California,” but suppor t varied widely along party lines: 80% of Democrats, 27% of Republicans, and 59% of independents . MARCH 2017 UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS IN CALIFORNIA MARCH 201 7 PPIC.ORG The undocumented population in California appears to be declining Sources: Annual estimates of the undocumented population by Robert Warren , working alone or with the Center for Migration Studies, the Department of Homeland Security , and the Pew Research Center . Populations of undocumented immigrants vary across counties County or county groups Undocumented immigrants (latest PPIC estimates, 2013) County or county groups Undocumented immigrants (latest PPIC estimates, 2013) County or county groups Undocumented immigrants (latest PPIC estimates, 2013) Alameda 129,500 Madera 12,500 San Luis Obispo 9,000 Alpine, Amador, Calaveras, Inyo, Mariposa, Mono, Tuolumne 3,000 Marin 17,500 San Mateo 59,500 Butte 4,000 Merced 23,000 Santa Barbara 41,500 Colusa, Glenn, Tehama, Trinity 9,000 Monterey, San Benito 62,000 Santa Clara 183,500 Contra Costa 77,500 Napa 15,500 Santa Cruz 19,500 Del Norte, Lassen, Modoc, Plumas, Siskiyou 1,500 Nevada, Sierra 1,500 Shasta 1,500 El Dorado 3,000 Orange 247,500 Solano 24,000 Fresno 58,000 Placer 7,000 Sonoma 38,500 Humboldt 1,500 Riverside 124,000 Stanislaus 32,500 Imperial 15,000 Sacramento 56,500 Sutter, Yuba 9,000 Kern 58,500 San Bernardino 118,000 Tulare 36,500 Kings 10,500 San Diego 170,500 Ventura 69,000 Lake, Mendocino 7,000 San Francisco 35,000 Yolo 11,500 Los Angeles 814,000 San Joaquin 49,000 California 2,667,000 Sources: Authors’ calculations using IRS tax data from the Brookings Institution , population data from the American Community Survey , and statewide undocumented population estimates from the Center for Migration Studies. These 2013 estimates are PPIC’s most recent estimates. Estimate s for the state by Center for Migration Stud ies suggest a slight decline from 2013 to 2014 (2.6%). Sources: State -level estimates come from the Pew Research Center , Department of Homeland Security , Robert Warren , Center for Migration Studies , and Migration Policy Institute . County-level estimates are the authors’ calculations using IRS tax data from the Brookings Institution , population data from the American Community Survey , and statewide undocumented population estimates from the C enter for Migration Studies . Survey results are from the PPIC Statewide Survey . Contact : hayes @ppic.org , hill@ppic.org 0.00.5 1.01.5 2.0 2.53.0 3.5 1990 1992 19941996 19982000 2002 20042006 2008 20102012 2014 Undocumented immigrants (millions) Warren/Center for Migration Studies Department of Homeland Security Pew Research Center" } ["___content":protected]=> string(144) "

JTF UndocumentedImmigrantsJTF

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Undocumented (also known as illegal or unauthorized) immigrants are not directly identified in any representative national or state surveys . But the best estimates suggest that in 2014 , the year of the most recent data available, California was home to bet ween 2.35 and 2.6 million undocumented immigrants. Nearly a quarter of the nation’s undocumented immigrants reside in California, where they constitute more than 6% of the state’s population. Nationally, the undocumented population has stabilized at approx imately 11 million, following a slight decline after 2007. A combination of increased enforcement, voluntary returns, and fewer new migrants has increased the average length of residence in the United States , with 66% of undocumented immigrants having lived here for 10 or more years.  Most undocumented immigrants are from Latin America . Nationwide, 78% of undocumented immigrants are from Latin America —a slight majority (52%) come from Mexico alone. Most of the others (13%) are from Asia, although Africa and Europe also account for hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants in the US. The Pew Research Center (PRC) estimates that as of 2014, 71% of California’s undocumented population was Mexican-born.  Nearly one in ten California workers is a n undocumented immigrant . California’s labor force includes about 1. 75 million undocumented immigrants , according to the PRC. This is the second -highest statewide concentration of undocumented workers (9.0%) in the US after Nevada (10.4%) . Undocumented imm igrants work disproportionately in agriculture , construction, and manufacturing.  Many undocumented immigrant s live with family member s who are citizens. M ore than 5 million children in the US have an undocumented parent , according to estimates from the Migration Policy Institute, and most of these children (79%) are US citizens . It is likely that 12.3% of California’s K –12 school children have an undocumented parent , according to PRC estimates. Nationally, more than 750, 000 young people have received deportation relief and work permits through a federal program called Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), which confers legal status upon those who came to the US as undocumented children. More than 200,000 DACA rec ipients live in California , according to the US Citizenship and Immigration Services . The future of the DACA program is very much uncertain. President Trump has sent mixed signals , while some members of Congress have vowed to fight for the program.  Counties vary in their sanctuary policies for undocumented immigrants . Some California city and county leaders have stated that they will provide sanctuary for undocumented immigrants —this refer s to limit ing local assistance to federal immigration enforcem ent. However, no sanctuary policy can universally prevent deportations. Further, county jails provide the FBI with fingerprints from all book ings, which the FBI then sends to Immigration and Customs Enforcement . Even if individual cities have a sanctuary p olicy, county law enforcement supersedes city policies if undocumented immigrants are placed in county jails.  A m ajorit y of Californians back a path to legal status. Since January 2016, the PPIC Statewide Survey has asked Californians four times whether “there should be a way for [undocumented immigrants] to stay in the country legally, if certain requirements are met.” Each time, 82% or more have supported this idea. In January 2017, 65% of adults favored the idea of “California state and local governments making their own policies and taking actions, separate from the federal government, to protect the legal rights of undocumented immigrants in California,” but suppor t varied widely along party lines: 80% of Democrats, 27% of Republicans, and 59% of independents . MARCH 2017 UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS IN CALIFORNIA MARCH 201 7 PPIC.ORG The undocumented population in California appears to be declining Sources: Annual estimates of the undocumented population by Robert Warren , working alone or with the Center for Migration Studies, the Department of Homeland Security , and the Pew Research Center . Populations of undocumented immigrants vary across counties County or county groups Undocumented immigrants (latest PPIC estimates, 2013) County or county groups Undocumented immigrants (latest PPIC estimates, 2013) County or county groups Undocumented immigrants (latest PPIC estimates, 2013) Alameda 129,500 Madera 12,500 San Luis Obispo 9,000 Alpine, Amador, Calaveras, Inyo, Mariposa, Mono, Tuolumne 3,000 Marin 17,500 San Mateo 59,500 Butte 4,000 Merced 23,000 Santa Barbara 41,500 Colusa, Glenn, Tehama, Trinity 9,000 Monterey, San Benito 62,000 Santa Clara 183,500 Contra Costa 77,500 Napa 15,500 Santa Cruz 19,500 Del Norte, Lassen, Modoc, Plumas, Siskiyou 1,500 Nevada, Sierra 1,500 Shasta 1,500 El Dorado 3,000 Orange 247,500 Solano 24,000 Fresno 58,000 Placer 7,000 Sonoma 38,500 Humboldt 1,500 Riverside 124,000 Stanislaus 32,500 Imperial 15,000 Sacramento 56,500 Sutter, Yuba 9,000 Kern 58,500 San Bernardino 118,000 Tulare 36,500 Kings 10,500 San Diego 170,500 Ventura 69,000 Lake, Mendocino 7,000 San Francisco 35,000 Yolo 11,500 Los Angeles 814,000 San Joaquin 49,000 California 2,667,000 Sources: Authors’ calculations using IRS tax data from the Brookings Institution , population data from the American Community Survey , and statewide undocumented population estimates from the Center for Migration Studies. These 2013 estimates are PPIC’s most recent estimates. Estimate s for the state by Center for Migration Stud ies suggest a slight decline from 2013 to 2014 (2.6%). Sources: State -level estimates come from the Pew Research Center , Department of Homeland Security , Robert Warren , Center for Migration Studies , and Migration Policy Institute . County-level estimates are the authors’ calculations using IRS tax data from the Brookings Institution , population data from the American Community Survey , and statewide undocumented population estimates from the C enter for Migration Studies . Survey results are from the PPIC Statewide Survey . 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