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California’s Future: Population

By Hans Johnson, Marisol Cuellar Mejia

In 2019, California became the first state with 40 million residents. The state has been preparing for the 2020 Census, which will affect political representation and federal funding.


Balancing Budgets and Need during Recessions: California’s Safety Net Programs

By Patrick Murphy, Caroline Danielson, Shannon McConville, Jennifer Paluch

During economic downturns, the state faces falling revenues and rising demand for safety net programs. In the last recession, California cut programs significantly. Next time, what steps can policymakers take to support those in need, while still balancing the budget?


Medi-Cal Expansion and Children’s Well-Being

By Paulette Cha, Shannon McConville

The Affordable Care Act allowed California to expand Medi-Cal to most low-income adults. Evidence indicates that access to health insurance improves the finances and behavioral health of adults—and that these improvements could benefit children.

Fact Sheet

Racial Disparities in California Arrests

By Magnus Lofstrom, Justin Goss, Joseph Hayes, Brandon Martin

Racial disparities in arrests have narrowed—but they are still prevalent across the state. Disparities tend to be larger in more affluent and less diverse counties.


Higher Education in California: Strengthening Career Education

By Sarah Bohn, Shannon McConville

About 30 percent of California’s future jobs will require some training beyond high school but less than a four-year college degree. Career education prepares students for these “middle-skill” jobs by providing occupation- and industry-specific training.


Higher Education in California: Expanding College Access

By Hans Johnson, Sarah Bohn, Jacob Jackson, Olga Rodriguez

Access to college is essential to California’s future growth. More California high school graduates are academically ready for college than ever before. More are applying to and enrolling in college. But many qualified applicants are still being turned away.


Higher Education in California

By Patrick Murphy, Sarah Bohn, Marisol Cuellar Mejia, Kevin Cook ...

Higher education is a key driver of economic growth and individual opportunity in California. Substantial gains in college enrollment and graduation rates—particularly among historically underrepresented groups—can help boost economic mobility, increase tax revenue, and reduce pressure on the social safety net.


Higher Education in California: Increasing Equity and Diversity

By Hans Johnson, Marisol Cuellar Mejia, Olga Rodriguez

A solid majority of California’s future college-age population will come from demographic groups that have been historically underrepresented in higher education—including Latinos, African Americans, and those who are low income or the first in their families to go to college.


English Learner Trajectories and Reclassification

By Julian Betts, Laura Hill, Karen Bachofer, Joseph Hayes ...

Nearly 40% of California’s K–12 students are current or former English Learners, and California is now standardizing the policies that will define English proficiency across the state. Los Angeles and San Diego have taken two different, but largely effective, approaches.

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